Today's Hours: 8:00am - 10:00pm


Filter Applied Clear All

Did You Mean:

Search Results

  • Book
    Lars P. Klimaschewski.
    Summary: What happens in the brain when we are ageing? How does neuronal cell death occur when we become forgetful? Which new therapies are available to combat the death of brain cells? This non-fiction book informs those interested in neuroscience and medicine about the latest findings on the therapy of neurodegeneration with a focus on Alzheimer's dementia and Parkinson's disease. Supported by illustrative drawings, Lars P. Klimaschewski presents the latest developments in neurobiological research on ageing in a comprehensible way and reports exciting news from the Alzheimer's and Parkinson's laboratories worldwide. From the contents Introduction to brain development: Why do we need billions of nerve cells? What distinguishes our cerebral cortex from that of other mammals? - Ageing and neurodegenerative diseases: Why are nerve cells lost? The normal ageing process; B-synuclein: A key protein in Parkinson's disease; Dementia and Alzheimer's disease: The amyloid and tau pathology; Viral infections in neurodegenerative diseases: Does Covid-19 lead to neurodegeneration? - Saving or replacing nerve cells: Stem cell, immune or antisense therapies? The author Prof. Dr. med. Lars P. Klimaschewski is a professor at the Medical University of Innsbruck, head of the Institute of Neuroanatomy there and the author of numerous papers on neuronal degeneration and regeneration.

    1 Introduction to Brain Development: Why do We Need so Many Nerve Cells?
    1.1 Neurons and Glia in the Central Nervous System
    1.2 What Happens During Brain Development?
    1.3 Evolutionarily Old Brain Parts are Simpler in Structure than the Neocortex
    1.4 What Distinguishes the Left from the Right Brain?
    1.5 Brain Development in Childhood and Adolescence
    1.6 The Child's Brain is Enormously Plastic and can Still Heal
    1.7 Is a Large Brain "Smarter" than a Small One?
    1.8 Absolute and Relative Brain Weight 1.9 With the Second Evolutionary Leap, Our Brain Reaches its Maximum Size
    1.10 Neural Stem Cells Remain Capable of Dividing for a Long Time
    1.11 The Frontal Lobe is Especially Important for Higher Brain Functions
    1.12 The Prefrontal Cortex Encodes Human Specific Properties
    1.13 Brain Performance in Comparison
    Further Reading
    2 Aging and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Why do Nerve Cells Die?
    2.1 The Normal Aging Process
    2.1.1 Mechanisms of Cellular Aging
    DNA Telomeres Determine the Number of Cell Divisions
    Aging Cells Maintain a Chronic Inflammation The Importance of Protein Homeostasis for Cellular Aging
    Self-cleaning of Nerve Cells
    Two Sides of a Coin: Oxygen Radicals
    Endogenous Radical Scavengers Protect Our Nerve Cells
    Chronic Inflammatory Processes in the Brain
    2.1.2 Neuronal Cell Death
    How do neurons die?
    2.1.3 Blood Supply of the Aging Brain
    Barrier Disorders are Not Uncommon in the Elderly
    2.2 Parkinson's Disease
    2.2.1 General Pathomechanisms
    The Problem with Parkinson's Begins in the Lower Brainstem
    2.2.2 Special Morphology of Affected Neurons
    Special Requirements for Highly Branched Neurons Many Amine-releasing Neurons are Constantly Active and Therefore More Easily Stressed
    2.2.3 Specific Causes of Parkinson's Disease
    2.2.4 Alpha-synuclein: A Key Protein in Parkinson's Disease
    Fibrils Are More Dangerous Than Aggregates
    Aggregates Are Not Only Found in Nerve Cells
    2.2.5 The Prion Theory of Parkinson's Disease
    Cranial Nerves Transport Pathological Proteins into the Brain
    The Difficulties of a Clear Pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease
    2.3 Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    2.3.1 How Does Alzheimer's Disease Manifest Itself?
    2.3.2 General Pathomechanisms
    Digital Access Springer 2022