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  • Book
    Dinesh Chandra Uprety, Pallavi Saxena.
    Summary: Global climate change is one of the most serious threats to the environment of the earth and to the crop production. Crop vulnerability to climate change stress caused by the greenhouse gases emission is a serious concern. This book describes various technologies and methods including the simulation of the future climate changes, studying the response of crop plants and characterizing their responses physiologically and biochemically. It includes the latest information of protocols and technologies for climate change research on agriculture. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders and policymakers. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, forestry, ecology, soil science, and environmental sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this to be a useful read.

    About the Authors
    1: Introduction
    1.1 General Introduction
    1.2 Importance of Technologies in Climate Change Research on Agriculture
    1.3 Summary
    2: Carbon Dioxide
    2.1 Measurements of Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Atmosphere, Soil and Agricultural Crops
    2.1.1 Infrared Gas Analysis
    2.1.2 Eddy Covariance Technique
    Components of Eddy Covariance System
    Major Components Used in Eddy Covariance Technique
    Sonic Anemometer
    Data Storage
    Power Supply
    Flux Calculations Enteric Tracer Ratio
    External Tracer Ratio
    Mass Balance from Barns
    3.1.4 Micrometeorological Techniques
    Mass Balance
    Integrated Horizontal Flux (IHF)
    Modified Mass Difference (MMD) Approach
    Vertical Flux Techniques
    Eddy Covariance (EC)
    3.2 Modelling Techniques
    3.3 Mitigation Technologies
    3.3.1 Potassium Amendment
    3.3.2 Midseason Drainage
    3.3.3 Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Technology
    3.3.4 Nitrogen Fertilizer on Methane Emissions
    3.3.5 Biocovers of Landfills
    3.3.6 Biological Aspect of the Amendment of Methanogenic Activity Land-Based Enhanced Rock Weathering Method of Carbon Sequestration:
    2.4.2 Zero-Tillage
    2.4.3 Agroforestry
    2.4.4 Crop Residue Management
    2.4.5 Biofuels
    2.4.6 Biochar
    2.4.7 Mycorrhiza
    2.4.8 Microalgae
    2.4.9 Organic Agriculture
    2.5 Summary
    3: Methane
    3.1 Technologies Associated with Methane (CH4) Emission and Crop Response Studies
    3.1.1 Measurements of Methane Emission in Stationary Mode
    3.1.2 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)
    3.1.3 Non-micrometeorological Techniques
    Chamber Techniques:
    Calculation of Methane Flux Measurements Using Eddy Covariance Flux Towers
    2.1.3 Gas Chromatography
    2.1.4 Spectroscopic Methods
    2.1.5 Carbon Stock Measurement Technique
    2.1.6 Wet Digestion
    2.1.7 Dry Combustion
    2.1.8 Dry Combustion in an Elemental Analyser
    2.1.9 Fractionation of Soil Organic Carbon
    2.1.10 Physical Fractions
    2.1.11 Chemical Fractionation
    2.1.12 Spectroscopic Method
    2.1.13 Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
    2.1.14 Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS)
    2.1.15 CO2 Emission Measurement from Soil: Quantitative Approach
    Alkali Trap Method Soil Respirator Method
    Infrared Gas Analysis Method
    Closed-Chamber Method
    2.1.16 Space-Borne Measurements
    2.2 Technologies Associated with CO2 Enrichment Studies (Crop Response Studies)
    2.2.1 Leaf Cuvettes
    2.2.2 Sunlit-Controlled Environment Chambers
    2.2.3 Soil Plant Atmosphere Research (SPAR) System
    2.2.4 Portable Field Chamber
    2.2.5 Open-Top Chamber
    2.2.6 Screen-Aided CO2 Control (SACC)
    2.2.7 Free Air CO2 Enrichment Technology (FACE)
    2.3 Modelling Techniques
    2.4 Mitigation Technologies
    2.4.1 Carbon Sequestration
    Digital Access Springer 2021