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  • Book
    Dinesh Kumar Singh, Vinay Kumar Singh, Raghubir Narayan Singh, Pradeep Kumar.
    Summary: This book provides an up-to-date review of fasciolosis, a disease caused by Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, including its biology, transmission, epidemiology, host distribution, economic impact, and novel approaches for its diagnosis, treatment and prevention. It first offers a brief overview of the history of the disease, the genetic diversity of the parasite and its distribution, and the ecology of the vector snail, which belongs to the Lymnaeidae/Planorbidae family. It also examines the current strategies and novel approaches for controlling the parasite, diagnosing infections and vaccine development. Importantly, it highlights issues relating to the control of fasciolosis, including drug resistance, lack of effective diagnostics, and the parasites long-term survival strategies based on regulation and modulation of the host immune system. Lastly, it discusses the novel control snail vectors using bait formulations, and synergetic and phototherapy treatment with chlorophyllin, which does not kill the vector.

    About the Book
    About the Authors
    1: Fasciolosis
    1.1 Fasciolosis Status
    1.2 Economic Importance
    1.3 Human Fasciolosis
    1.4 Animal Fasciolosis
    1.5 Life Cycle of Fasciola
    1.5.1 Miracidium
    1.5.2 Sporocyst
    1.5.3 Redia
    1.5.4 Cercaria
    1.5.5 Metacercaria
    1.6 Genetic Characterization of Fasciola
    1.7 Evolutionary Origin
    2: Fasciolosis Constrain in India
    2.1 Humid Subtropical Climate with Dry Winter
    2.1.1 Uttar Pradesh
    2.1.2 Uttarakhand
    2.1.3 Haryana
    2.1.4 Delhi
    2.1.5 Punjab 2.1.6 West Bengal
    2.1.7 Odisha
    2.1.8 Bihar
    2.1.9 Jharkhand
    2.2 Tropical Rain Forest Region
    2.2.1 Meghalaya
    2.2.2 Assam
    2.2.3 Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    2.2.4 Arunachal Pradesh
    2.2.5 Sikkim/Manipur/Nagaland/Mizoram
    2.3 Tropical Steppe
    2.3.1 Gujarat
    2.3.2 Rajasthan
    2.4 Tropical Semi-Eric Steppe
    2.4.1 Maharashtra
    2.4.2 Tamil Nadu
    2.4.3 Karnataka
    2.4.4 Andhra Pradesh
    2.4.5 Kerala
    2.5 Tropical Savanna Region
    2.5.1 Madhya Pradesh
    2.5.2 Chhattisgarh
    2.6 Mountain Climate
    2.6.1 Himachal Pradesh
    2.7 Temperate/Subtemperate Region 2.7.1 Jammu and Kashmir
    3: Distribution and Ecology of Lymnaeidae/Planorbidae Snails in India
    3.1 Family: Lymnaeidae
    3.1.1 Subgenus Pseudosuccinea
    3.1.2 Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) biacuminata: (Mitra et al. 2005)
    3.1.3 Lymnaea luteola Lamark, 1822
    3.1.4 Lymnaea ovalior, Annandale and Prashad 1921
    3.1.5 Lymnaea horae Annandale and Rao 1925
    3.1.6 Lymnaea gedrosiana (Annandale and Prashad 1921)
    3.1.7 Lymnaea mimetica Annandale, 1918
    3.1.8 Lymnaea shanensis Annandale, 1918
    3.2 Subgenus Galba
    3.3 Subgenus Radix Montfort
    3.3.1 Subgenus Lymnaea 3.3.2 Subgenus Stagnicola
    3.3.3 Family Planorbidae
    3.3.4 Genus Indoplanorbis Annandale and Prashad 1921
    4: Fasciolosis Control
    4.1 Diagnosis
    4.2 Clinical Diagnosis
    4.3 Blood Parameters and Enzyme Diagnosis
    4.4 Parasitological Diagnosis
    4.5 Immunodiagnosis
    4.6 Vaccination
    4.7 Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
    4.8 Cysteine Peptidase
    4.9 Leucine Aminopeptidase
    4.10 Glutathione S-Transferase
    4.11 Treatment
    5: Snail Control
    5.1 Biological Control
    5.2 Mechanical Control
    5.3 Chemical Control
    5.3.1 Metaldehyde 5.3.2 Niclosamide
    5.3.3 Carbamate
    5.3.4 Organophosphorous
    5.3.5 Synthetic Pyrethroids
    5.4 Plant-Derived Molluscicides
    5.5 Cow Urine as Molluscicides
    5.5.1 Cow Urine
    5.5.2 Pesticidal Use of Cow Dung/Urine
    5.6 Combined Action of Molluscicides
    5.7 Bait Formulations in Snail Control
    5.8 Phytotherapy of Snails to Control Fasciolosis
    5.9 Photosensitivity of Host/Parasite and Molluscicide in Control of Fasciolosis
    Digital Access Springer 2021