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  • Book
    Hao Wang, editor.
    Summary: This book summarizes the latest research findings in the neurocircuitry of innate behaviors, covering major topics such as innate fear, aggression, feeding, reward, social interaction, parental care, spatial navigation, and sleep-wake regulation. For decades, humans have been fascinated by wild animals instincts, like the annual two-thousand-mile migration of the monarch butterfly in North American, and the "imprint" behavior of newborn birds. Since these instincts are always displayed in stereotypical patterns in most individuals of a given species, the neural circuits processing such behaviors must be genetically hard-wired in the brain. Recently, with the development of modern techniques, including optogenetics, retrograde and anterograde virus tracing, and in vivo calcium imaging, researchers have been able to determine and dissect the specific neural circuits for many innate behaviors by selectively manipulating well-defined cell types in the brain. This book discusses recent advances in the investigation of the neural-circuit mechanisms underlying innate behaviors.

    Chapter 1: Neural Circuits Underlying Innate Fear
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Animal Studies
    1.2.1 Retinal Ganglion Cells That Detect Looming Signals
    1.2.2 Brain Circuits That Mediate Looming-Evoked Fear Responses in Mice
    1.3 Human Studies
    Chapter 2: Neurobiology and Neural Circuits of Aggression
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Experimental Paradigms to Explore Aggression in Rodents
    2.3 Neuroendocrinology of Aggression
    2.4 Neurotransmitter Systems in Aggression
    2.5 Neurocircuitry of Aggressive Behavior
    2.5.1 Amygdala 2.5.2 Hypothalamus
    2.5.3 Prefrontal Cortex
    2.5.4 Lateral Septum
    2.5.5 Other Brain Areas
    2.5.6 Synthesis
    2.6 Translational Implications
    Chapter 3: Neural Regulation of Feeding Behavior
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Homeostatic Feeding
    3.2.1 Sensing Metabolic State
    3.2.2 Foraging and Hunting for Food
    3.2.3 Consuming Food
    3.2.4 Termination of Feeding
    3.3 Hedonic Feeding
    3.4 Conclusion
    4: Neural Circuits for Reward
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Dopamine and Innate Behavior
    4.3 Medium Spiny Neurons in Striatum and Innate Behavior 4.4 Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) Neurons and Innate Behavior
    4.5 Prefrontal Cortex and Innate Behavior
    4.6 Conclusion
    Chapter 5: Neuronal Response and Behavioral Modulation in Social Interactions
    5.1 Neuronal Response in Social Behavior
    5.1.1 Neuronal Response in Social Interaction Medial Prefrontal Cortex Amygdala Ventral Tegmental Area
    5.1.2 Neuronal Response in Aggression Hypothalamus
    5.1.3 Neuronal Response in Dominance mPFC
    5.1.4 Neuronal Response in Social Defeat 5.1.5 Neuronal Response in Social Memory Hippocampus
    5.2 Neural Circuit Manipulation and Social Behavior
    5.2.1 Social Interaction mPFC VTA Amygdala
    5.2.2 Social Memory Hippocampus
    5.2.3 Dominance Behavior mPFC
    5.2.4 Aggression Hypothalamus
    Chapter 6: Neural Circuit Mechanisms That Underlie Parental Care
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Factors That Influence the Display of Parental Behaviors
    6.2.1 Olfactory and Auditory Cues Emitted by Pups
    6.2.2 Environmental Stressors 6.2.3 Reproductive Status
    6.3 Brain Areas Involved in Parental Care
    6.3.1 Main Olfactory Epithelium and Vomeronasal Organ (MOE and VNO)
    6.3.2 Auditory Cortex
    6.3.3 Medial Amygdala (MeA)
    6.3.4 Medial Preoptic Area (mPOA) mPOA Galanin+ Neurons mPOA Esr1+ Neurons mPOA Vgat+ Neurons
    6.3.5 Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA)
    6.3.6 Periaqueductal Gray (PAG)
    6.3.7 Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus (PVN)
    6.3.8 Medial Prefrontal Cortex (mPFC)
    6.3.9 Ventrolateral Division of the Ventromedial Hypothalamus (VMHvl)
    Digital Access Springer 2020