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  • Book
    Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam, Ram Prasad, editors.
    Summary: Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection: Volume 2 continues the important and timely discussion of nanotechnology applications in plant protection and pathology, filling a gap in the literature for nano applications in crop protection. Nanobiopesticides and nanobioformulations are examined in detail and presented as powerful alternatives for eco-friendly management of plant pathogens and nematodes. Leading scholars discuss the applications of nanobiomaterials as antimicrobials, plant growth enhancers and plant nutrition management, as well as nanodiagnostic tools in phytopathology and magnetic and supramagnetic nanostructure applications for plant protection. This second volume includes exciting new content on the roles of biologically synthesized nanoparticles in seed germination and zinc-based nanostructures in protecting against toxigenic fungi. Also included is new research in phytotoxicity, nano-scale fertilizers and nanomaterial applications in nematology and discussions on Botyris grey mold and nanobiocontrol. This book also explores the potential effects on the environment, ecosystems and consumers and addresses the implications of intellectual property for nanobiopesticides. Further discussed are nanotoxicity effects on the plant ecosystem and nano-applications for the detection, degradation and removal of pesticides.

    Contents:
    Intro; Preface; Contents; Contributors; About the Editors;
    Chapter 1: Intellectual Property Rights in Nano-biopesticides; 1.1 Nano-biopesticides-An Overview; 1.2 Intellectual Property Rights-Where Does IPR Meet Nano-biopesticides; 1.3 Introduction to IPR Tools (WIPO and WTO); 1.4 Patenting Trends in Nano-biopesticides; 1.5 Mitigating Potential Risks; 1.6 Conclusion; References;
    Chapter 2: Application of Nanomaterials in Plant Disease Diagnosis and Management; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Application of Nanomaterials in the Detection and Diagnosis of Plant Diseases 2.3 Application of Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials in Plant Disease Management2.3.1 Effect of Nanoparticles on Plant Pathogenic Fungi; 2.3.1.1 Silver Nanoparticles; 2.3.1.2 Zinc Nanoparticles; 2.3.1.3 Sulfur Nanoparticles; 2.3.1.4 Copper Nanoparticles; 2.3.2 Effect of Nanoparticles on Bacteria; 2.3.2.1 Silver Nanoparticles; 2.3.2.2 Zinc Nanoparticles; 2.3.2.3 Copper Nanoparticles; 2.3.2.4 Other Nanoparticles; 2.4 Conclusion; References;
    Chapter 3: Bio-Engineered Nanomaterials for Plant Growth Promotion and Protection; 3.1 Introduction; 3.1.1 Nano-Biotechnology; 3.1.2 Nano-Nutrition 3.2 Green Nanoparticles for Plant Growth Promotion and Protection3.2.1 Effect of Nano-carbon on Plant Growth Promotion and Protection; 3.2.1.1 Effect of Fullerene; 3.2.1.2 Effects of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) and Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTS); 3.3 Metal Nanoparticles; 3.3.1 Cu and CuO Nanoparticles; 3.3.2 ZnO Nanoparticles; 3.3.3 TiO2 Nanoparticles; 3.3.4 Silver Nanoparticles; 3.3.5 CeO2 Nanoparticles; 3.3.6 SiO2 Nanoparticles; 3.3.7 Gold Nanoparticles; 3.3.8 Iron Oxide Nanoparticles; 3.4 Conclusions; References
    Chapter 4: Zinc-Based Nanostructures in Plant Protection Applications4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Applications; 4.2.1 Pesticides; 4.2.2 Insecticides; 4.2.3 Postharvest Applications; 4.2.4 Zinc-Based Nanomaterials Against Plant Pathogens; 4.2.5 Positive Effects of Zn NPs on Plant Growth; 4.2.6 Negative Effects of Zn NPs on Plant Growth; 4.2.7 Fertilizers; 4.2.8 Pesticide Nanosensing and Photocatalytic Degradation; 4.2.9 Effect of ZnO NPs on Soil Microbial Activity; 4.3 Microbial Mechanism; 4.4 Phytotoxicity; 4.5 Conclusion; References
    Chapter 5: Botrytis Gray Mold Nano- or Biocontrol: Present Status and Future Prospects5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Synthetic Fungicides; 5.2.1 Prospects Concerning Synthetic Fungicide Application; 5.2.2 Fungicide Resistance; 5.3 Nanofungicides; 5.3.1 Potential Implications of Nanofungicides; 5.4 Biofungicides; 5.4.1 Application of Biopolymers as Biofungicides; 5.4.2 Essential Oils as Potential Biofungicides; 5.4.3 Plant Extracts; 5.4.4 Biocontrol Agents; 5.4.4.1 Trichoderma Species; 5.4.4.2 Bacillus Species; 5.4.4.3 Yeasts as Potential Antagonists; 5.4.4.4 Phytochemicals and Antioxidants
    Digital Access Springer 2019