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  • Book
    editors, Nirala Ramchiary and Chittaranjan Kole.
    Summary: This book contains complete information on Capsicum genetic resources, diversity, evolution, history and advances in capsicum improvement from classical breeding to whole genome sequencing, genomics, databases and its impact on next generation pepper breeding. Capsicum is one of the most important Solanaceae crops grown worldwide as vegetables and spices. Due to its high economic value and to meet the demands of enormous population growth amid biotic and abiotic stresses, there has been an ongoing breeding program utilizing available genetic resources with desired traits to increase the sustainable productivity of this crop for several decades. However, the precision breeding of this crop for desired traits only started with the advent of molecular markers. The recent advances in high-throughput genome sequencing technologies helped in the quick decoding of transcriptome, epigenome, nuclear and organeller genomes, thereby enhancing our understanding of the structure and function of the Capsicum genome, and helping in genomics assisted breeding. These advanced technologies coupled with conventional mapping have greatly contributed towards dissection and manipulation of economically important traits more precisely and made less time consuming.

    Intro; Preface to the Series; Preface to the Volume; Contents; Abbreviations; 1 The Capsicum Crop: An Introduction; Abstract; 1.1 Origin and Diffusion; 1.2 Economic and Culinary Importance; 1.3 The Properties of Pepper; 1.4 Genetic Resources and Breeding; References; 2 Genetic Resources of Capsicum; Abstract; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Domestication Syndrome; 2.3 Capsicum Species Complex and Gene Pools; 2.4 Discovery of Highly Pungent Landraces; 2.5 Discovery and Utilization of Genetic Resources for Stress Resistance; 2.5.1 Resistance to Biotic Stresses; Anthracnose; Bacterial Wilt Phytophthora Root Rot2.5.1.4 Viruses; Potyviruses; Cucumovirus; Begomovirus; Tospoviruses; Tobamoviruses; Root-Knot Nematode; Insects; 2.5.2 Tolerance to Abiotic Stress; Moisture Deficit Tolerance; Heat and Salt Tolerance; 2.6 Conservation of Genetic Resources; 2.6.1 Ex Situ; 2.6.2 In Situ; 2.7 Future Outlook; References; 3 Capsicum Breeding: History and Development; Abstract; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 History of Capsicum Breeding; 3.3 Current Breeding Objectives for Capsicum Improvement; 3.3.1 Specific Objectives for Sweet Pepper Breeding 3.4 Breeding Methods for Capsicums3.5 Other Strategies Utilized for Capsicum Improvement and Achievements; 3.5.1 Mutation Breeding; 3.5.2 Polyploidy Breeding; 3.5.3 Haploid Breeding; 3.5.4 Embryo Rescue; 3.5.5 Transgenic Development; 3.5.6 Marker-Assisted Breeding; 3.6 Limitations of Traditional Breeding; 3.7 Need of Molecular Breeding; 3.8 Future Prospects; References; 4 Cytology and DNA Content Variation of Capsicum Genomes; Abstract; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Phylogeny of Chili Peppers; 4.3 Basic Chromosome Number; 4.4 Karyotyping of Capsicum Species 4.5 Mapping of the 45S and 5S Ribosomal RNA Genes4.6 AgNOR Mapping; 4.7 DNA Content of Capsicum Species; 4.8 Concluding Remarks and Future Prospects; References; 5 Development and Evolution of Molecular Markers and Genetic Maps in Capsicum Species; Abstract; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Development and Evolution of Markers in Capsicum Species; 5.2.1 Biochemical Marker; 5.2.2 DNA Marker; Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP); Minisatellites: Variable Number of Tandem Repeat (VNTR); Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD); Inter-simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR); Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequences (CAPSs); Sequence-Characterized Amplified Region (SCAR); Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and Insertion/Deletion (InDel); High-Throughput SNP Genotyping Systems; 5.3 Genetic Maps in Capsicum Species; 5.3.1 Interspecific Genetic Linkage Maps; Capsicum annuum × Capsicum chinense; Capsicum annuum × Capsicum frutescens; Capsicum annuum × Capsicum baccatum; 5.3.2 Intraspecific Genetic Linkage Maps
    Digital Access Springer 2019