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  • Book
    Cemal Cingi, Nuray Bayar Muluk.
    Contents:
    Intro
    Preface
    Contents
    About the Authors
    Chapter 1: Anaphylaxis: Definition, History, and Epidemiology
    1.1 Definition of Anaphylaxis
    1.2 History
    1.3 Epidemiology of Anaphylaxis
    References
    Chapter 2: The Aetiology of Anaphylaxis
    2.1 Food Allergy
    2.1.1 Background
    2.1.2 Definition of Food Allergy
    2.1.3 Epidemiology
    2.1.3.1 Sex- and Age-Related Demographics
    2.1.4 Aetiology
    2.1.4.1 IgE Antibody-Mediated Responses
    2.1.4.2 Cell-Mediated Responses
    2.1.5 Symptoms of Food Allergy
    2.1.6 Food Allergy Triggers
    2.1.7 Diagnosing Food Allergies 2.1.8 Characteristics of Food Allergens
    2.1.9 Risk Factors
    2.1.10 Management and Treatment
    2.1.10.1 Investigational Therapeutic Interventions for Food Allergy
    2.1.10.2 Patient Education
    Preparation
    Avoidance of Allergens
    2.1.11 Anaphylaxis
    2.1.12 Food Allergy Action Plan
    2.1.13 Prognosis
    2.2 Drug Allergy
    2.2.1 Definition of Drug Allergy
    2.2.2 Classification of Drug Allergy
    2.2.3 Epidemiology
    2.2.4 Drug Allergy and Anaphylaxis
    2.2.5 Risk Factors for Drug Allergy
    2.2.5.1 Drug-Related Factors
    2.2.5.2 Factors Related to the Host 2.2.6 Genetics of Drug Allergy
    2.2.7 History and Physical Examination
    2.2.8 Diagnostic Tests
    2.2.9 Specific Drugs and Biologic Agents and Drug Allergy
    2.2.9.1 Antimicrobials
    2.2.9.2 Insulin and Oral Antidiabetic Drugs
    2.2.9.3 Cancer Chemotherapeutic Agents
    2.2.9.4 Medications for Patients with HIV Infections and AIDS
    2.2.9.5 Medications for Autoimmune Diseases
    2.2.9.6 Perioperative Agents and Blood Products
    2.2.9.7 Opiates
    2.2.9.8 Corticosteroids
    2.2.9.9 Heparin
    2.2.9.10 Local Anaesthetics
    2.2.9.11 Radio-Contrast Media
    2.2.9.12 Biologic Modifiers 2.3 Venom Allergy
    2.3.1 Background
    2.3.2 Pathophysiology
    2.3.3 Epidemiology
    2.3.4 Symptoms
    2.3.4.1 Local Reactions
    2.3.4.2 Generalised Reactions
    2.3.5 Diagnosis
    2.3.6 Prognosis
    2.3.7 Treatment
    2.3.7.1 Emergency Department Care
    Epinephrine (Adrenalin, Bronitin, EpiPen)
    Bronchodilators
    Salbutamol (Ventolin)
    Antihistamines
    Systemic Corticosteroids
    Anti-tetanus Immunoglobulin
    2.3.7.2 Desensitisation (Immunotherapy)
    Mechanism of immunotherapy
    2.4 Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, and Anaphylaxis
    2.4.1 Background
    2.4.2 Asthma and Anaphylaxis 2.4.2.1 Pathophysiology
    Inflammation Occurring Within Airways
    Discontinuous Blockage of Air Entry and Exit
    Overreactive Bronchi
    2.4.2.2 Aetiology
    2.4.2.3 Manifestations of an Acute Episode
    Mild Episodes
    Moderate Severity
    High Severity
    Pre-respiratory Arrest
    2.4.2.4 Symptoms of an Asthma Emergency
    2.4.2.5 Incidence of Anaphylactic Shock in Asthma
    2.4.3 Allergic Rhinitis and Anaphylaxis
    2.4.3.1 Pathophysiology
    2.4.3.2 Symptoms and Chronicity
    2.4.3.3 Trigger Factors
    2.4.3.4 Comorbid Conditions
    2.4.3.5 Mortality/Morbidity
    Digital Access Springer 2020