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  • Book
    Carsten Nieder, Laurie E. Gasper, editors.
    Summary: A look at the recent oncology literature or a search of one of the common databases reveals a steadily increasing number of nomograms and other prognostic models, some of which are also available in the form of web-based tools. These models may predict the risk of relapse, lymphatic spread of a given malignancy, toxicity, survival, et cetera Pathology information, gene signatures, and clinical data may all be used to compute the models. This trend reflects increasingly individualized treatment concepts and also the need for approaches that achieve a favorable balance between effectiveness and side-effects. Moreover, optimal resource utilization requires prognostic knowledge, for example to avoid lengthy and aggressive treatment courses in patients with a short survival expectation. In order to avoid misuse, it is important to understand the limits and caveats of prognostic and predictive models. This book provides a comprehensive overview of such decision tools for radiation oncology, stratified by disease site, which will enable readers to make informed choices in daily clinical practice and to critically follow the future development of new tools in the field.

    Contents:
    Prognosis and Predictive Factors for Tumours and Organs at risk: Background and Purpose
    Specific issues for prognostic factors related to radiotherapy
    Role of ICT in decision models
    Statistics of Prediction of survival and toxicity and Nomogram Development
    Treatment decisions based on Gene Signatures: Methods and Caveats
    Brain tumors
    Head and neck cancer
    Breast cancer
    Lung cancer
    Esophageal cancer
    Gastric cancer
    Pancreas and biliary tract cancer
    Liver cancer and metastases
    Rectal and anal cancer
    Cervix and corpus uteri, vulva and vaginal cancers
    Bladder cancer
    Prostate cancer
    Sarcomas
    Lymphomas
    Brain metastases
    Bone metastases.
    Digital Access Springer 2014