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  • Book
    Peter L. Elkin, editor.
    Summary: This revised new edition containing numerous new and heavily updated chapters provides readers with the essential information needed to understand the central topics of terminology in healthcare, the understanding of which is an asset to be leveraged in care and research. Twenty-five years ago the notion that terminology should be concept-based was all but unknown in healthcare; now almost all important terminologies are at least partly concept-based. With no general model of what a terminology was or should be, there were no tools to support terminology development and maintenance. Steady progress since then has improved both terminology content and the technology and processes used to sustain that content. This new edition uses real world examples from the health sector to delineate the principal issues and solutions for the field of data representation. It includes a history of terminologies and in particular their use in healthcare, including inter-enterprise clinical and research data aggregation. Terminology, Ontology and their Implementations covers the basis, authoring and use of ontologies and reference terminologies including the formalisms needed to use them safely. The editor and his team of carefully chosen contributors exhaustively reviews the field of concept-based indexing and provides readers with an understanding of natural language processing and its application to health terminologies. The book discusses terminology services and the architecture for terminological servers and consequently serves as the basis for study for all students of health informatics.

    Chapter 1: History of Health Terminology
    Chapter 2: Knowledge Representation and Logical Basis of Ontology
    Mapping Free Text Data into a Structured and Logical Form
    Symbolic Logic
    Identity of Compositional Expressions Can Be Expressed in the Following Fashion
    Object Orientation
    What Is UML?
    UML Views
    UML Diagrams
    Class Diagram
    Class Attributes
    Class Operations
    Object Diagram
    Use Case Diagram
    Sequence Diagram
    Collaboration Diagram
    Class Model for Database Design Mapping Tables to the Classes
    Mapping Columns to the Attributes
    Object Constraint Language (OCL)
    Pre- and Postconditions
    OCL Types
    Collection Operations
    Unified Modeling Language
    What Is a Model?
    UML Model: Foundation Core
    UML Metamodel: Model Management
    UML Metamodel: Common Behaviors
    UML Metamodel: Extension Mechanisms
    Web Ontology Language (OWL)
    Ontology Definitions
    What Is the Semantic Web?
    Use of Ontologies in Health Informatics
    Resource Description Framework (RDF)
    Web Ontology Language (OWL) Basic OWL Elements
    Class Identifiers
    Property Restrictions
    Value Restrictions
    Cardinality Constraints
    Property Constraints
    OWL Individuals
    Data Types
    OWL Language Elements
    OWL Abstract Syntax
    Class Axioms
    Property Axioms
    Purpose of Axioms
    OWL Language and Its Formal Logic
    Membership in OWL Classes
    Characteristics of the Members of OWL Classes
    OWL Properties with If and Only If (Iff) Characterizations
    OWL Properties with If Characterizations
    Reasoning in OWL
    SPARQL Query Language Writing a Simple Query
    Common Logic
    Features of Common Logic Include
    Chapter 3: Theoretical Foundations of Terminology
    Types of Terminologies
    Systematic Definitions
    Formal Definitions
    Hierarchies Within Terminologies
    Best Practices in Terminology Design and Evaluation
    Terms and Definitions
    General Principles
    The Basics
    Concept Orientation
    Internal Consistency
    Purpose and Scope of a Terminology
    Mapping Systematic Definitions
    Formal Definitions
    Explicitness of Relations
    Reference Terminologies
    Atomic Reference Terminologies
    Colloquial Terminologies
    Structure of the Terminology Model
    Terminology Structures
    Compositional Terminologies
    Atomic Concept
    Composite Concept
    Pre-coordinated Concept
    Post-coordinated Concept
    Types of Atomic and Pre-coordinated Concepts
    Kernel Concept
    Modifiers and Qualifiers: Terms Which Refine the Meaning of a Kernel Concept
    Normalization of Content
    Normalization of Semantics
    Multiple Hierarchies
    Digital Access Springer [2023]