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  • Book
    editors, Catherine M. Otto, Robert O. Bonow.
    Contents:
    Front Cover
    Inside front cover
    Front Matter
    Valvular Heart Disease A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease FIFTH EDITION
    Copyright
    Contributors
    Foreword
    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    Braunwald's heart disease family of books
    Table of Contents
    1 Epidemiology of valvular heart disease
    Key points
    Incidence and prevalence of valve disease
    Valve disease in industrially underdeveloped areas
    Incidence of rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic disease
    Prevalence of rheumatic disease
    Valve disease in industrially developed areas
    Causes of valve disease Rheumatic fever
    Endomyocardial fibrosis
    Calcific aortic stenosis
    Mitral prolapse
    Secondary mitral regurgitation
    Secondary aortic regurgitation resulting from aortic dilation
    Secondary tricuspid regurgitation
    Infective endocarditis
    Replacement heart valves
    Congenital conditions
    Systemic inflammatory conditions
    Carcinoid, drugs, and radiation
    Carcinoid
    Drugs
    Radiation
    Disease by valve type
    Aortic stenosis and regurgitation
    Mitral stenosis
    Mitral regurgitation
    Right-sided valve disease
    Tricuspid valve disease
    Pulmonary valve disease Multiple valve disease
    Conclusions
    References
    2 Three-dimensional anatomy of the aortic and mitral valves
    Key points
    Mitral valve
    Mitral valve anatomy
    Mitral valve annulus
    Mitral valve leaflets
    Mitral valve commissures
    Mitral valve chordae
    Papillary muscles
    3DE and mitral valve apparatus
    3DE imaging
    Image acquisition
    Image display
    3DE mechanisms of mitral valve dysfunction
    Degenerative mitral valve disease
    Ischemic mitral regurgitation
    Mitral leaflet tethering in ischemic mitral regurgitation. Mitral valve annulus in ischemic mitral regurgitation.
    Leaflet growth in ischemic mitral regurgitation.
    Treatment of ischemic mitral regurgitation.
    3DE quantification of mitral regurgitation
    3D vena contracta area
    3D proximal isovelocity surface area
    3D anatomic regurgitant orifice area
    3D mitral inflow and left ventricular outflow tract stroke volume
    Limitations of 3D-derived quantitative measurements for mitral regurgitation
    Mitral stenosis
    Aortic valve
    Aortic valve anatomy
    Aortic valve cusps
    Aortic valve annulus
    Aortic root complex Aortic valve physiology
    3DE imaging
    Image acquisition
    Image display
    Roles for 3DE
    Aortic valve anatomy
    Native valves.
    Prosthetic valves.
    Endocarditis.
    Aortic stenosis assessment
    Left ventricular outflow tract.
    Stroke volume quantification.
    Aortic valve planimetry.
    Transcatheter aortic valve replacement
    Preprocedure: Aortic root assessment.
    Periprocedure.
    Postprocedure.
    Aortic regurgitation assessment
    Classification.
    Vena contracta.
    Stroke volume.
    Aortic-mitral valve interactions
    Conclusions
    References
    Digital Access ClinicalKey 2021