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  • Book
    Moran S. Saghiv, Michael S. Sagiv.
    Summary: This book reviews the assessment of human performance and the role of different exercise modes both in a laboratory and clinical setting. Details of how to successfully perform basic laboratory procedures for exercise training in health and disease, as well as how to apply non-invasive measurements in exercise physiology are provided. Chapters cover how to appropriately use a range of measures in assessing pulmonary function, anaerobic function and oxygen uptake. Techniques for cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and the mechanisms associated with thermoregulation are also described. Interactive exercises enable readers to easily assimilate key concepts and develop a thorough understanding of the topic. Basic Exercise Physiology provides both trainees and professional healthcare staff interested in exercise physiology with a detailed and practically applicable resource on the topic.

    Contents:
    Intro
    Preface
    Contents
    About the Authors
    Introduction
    Chapter 1: Introduction to Exercise Physiology
    Introduction
    Modes of Exercise
    Energy for Exercise
    Myocardial Contractility
    Exercise Benefits
    Physical Work Capacity
    Exercise and Cardiovascular Disease
    Pressure Overload and Volume Overload
    Muscular Function
    Oxygen Uptake and Muscle Fibers
    Muscle Fibers
    Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacities
    Strenuous Exercise
    Energy Interplay
    The Pulmonary Function
    Maximal VO2 Values
    The Cardiovascular System Gender Effects on Physiological Differences
    Thermoregulation
    Physiological Responses During Diving
    Physiological Response Altitude
    Physiological and Medical Responses in Space
    Epigenetic Responses
    Aging Effects on Physiological Responses
    Functional Capacity in Health and Disease
    References
    Chapter 2: Metabolism
    Anabolism vs. Catabolism
    Energy Production
    Metabolic Pathways
    The Phosphocreatine System
    The Anaerobic Pathway
    The Aerobic Pathway
    Electron Transport-Linked Phosphorylation
    Lactate Production and Utilization
    Fat Metabolism The Cori Cycles
    Metabolic Rates
    Factors Affecting BMR and RMR
    Direct vs Indirect Calorimetry
    Respiratory Quotient and RER
    RER for Carbohydrate, Fat, and Protein
    Rate of Energy Expenditure
    Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism
    The Endocrine System
    Anabolic and Catabolic Hormones
    G Protein-Coupled Receptors
    Substrate Oxidation
    Hormonal Regulation During Anaerobic Exercise
    Hormonal Regulation During Aerobic Exercise
    Hormonal Regulation During Resistance Exercise
    Hypothalamic Effect on Metabolic Rate Regulation
    Myocardial Metabolism The Metabolic Syndrome
    Diabetes
    Insulin Resistance
    Glycated Hemoglobin
    Effects of Diabetes on Body's Systems
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    Kidney Dysfunction in Diabetes
    The Cardiovascular System in Diabetes
    Nervous System and Epigenetic Role in Diabetes
    Exercise's Effects on Diabetic Patients
    Endothelial Dysfunction and Exercise
    Effect of Exercise on Calmodulin Signaling Pathway
    Lipids Metabolism
    Resistance Training in Diabetics
    Effect of Aerobic Exercise on GLUT4 Translocation
    Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercises in Diabetics Recommended Exercise Training Intensities
    Obesity
    Body Composition Measurements
    Obesity as a Risk Factor
    Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease
    Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Obesity
    Effects of Exercise on Obesity
    Suppressant
    Resistive Exercise Training Effect on Obesity
    The Endocrine System in Fat Metabolism
    Exercise Epigenetics in Obesity
    Effects of Exercise on Lipids
    Laboratory Assignment on Obesity
    Measurement Techniques
    Underwater Weighing
    Skinfold Method
    Measurement Sites (Figs. 2.55, 2.56, 2.57, 2.58, and 2.59)
    Estimation of Body Density
    Digital Access Springer 2020