Bassett Collection of Stereoscopic Images of Human Anatomy

Dissection of nasal fossae, nasal pharynx, and palate

Nasal septum and left nasal fossa; branches of sphenopalatine ganglion, left superolateral view

Image #72-4

KEYWORDS: Bones cartilage joints, Face, Nose, Peripheral nervous system.

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Dissection of nasal fossae, nasal pharynx, and palate
Nasal septum and left nasal fossa; branches of sphenopalatine ganglion, left superolateral view
The left orbit has been removed except for the remnant of the medial orbital margin (frontal process of maxilla) which has been preserved for purposes of orientation. The nasolacrimal duct (9) has been opened. The left maxillary sinus has been resected except for its floor (14). The mucosa of the lateral wall of the left nasal fossa (4) and the nasal conchae (13,19) have been partially removed to expose the nasal fossa. Part of the mucosa of the septum and floor of the nasal fossa has been removed. A window has been cut through the hard palate and the anterior palatine nerve and major palatine artery dissected. The left ethmoidal air cells have been removed and the left sphenoid sinus opened.
1 . Crista galli
2 . Anterior ethmoidal artery
3 . Frontal sinus
4 . Edge of nasal mucosal membrane (of lateral wall)
5 . Perpendicular lamina of ethmoid bone
6 . Nasal mucosal membrane (of septum; epithelium removed to expose underlying venous plexus)
7 . Nasal septal cartilage
8 . Area of septum in which cartilage and bone were deficient, probably as a result of surgery
9 . Upper pointer: Infraorbital margo Lower pointer: Nasolacrimal duct (opened)
10 . Nasal vestibule
11 . Incisive canal
12 . Upper pointer: Nasopalatine nerve and posterior septal nasal artery Lower pointer: Cut edge of palatum durum
13 . Upper pointer: Communicating nasal meatus Lower pointer: Inferior nasal concha
14 . Maxillary sinus [Highmore]
15 . Cribrosal lamina of ethmoid bone
16 . Right optical nerve (II)
17 . Posterior ethmoid artery
18 . Left sphenoidal sinus
19 . Left pointer: Medial nasal concha Right pointer: Posterior nasal septal artery
20 . Rami nasales posteriores superiores [laterales] ganglii sphenopalatini
21 . Maxillary nerve (turned postero-inferiorly to expose sphenopalatine ganglion)
22 . Pharyngeal branch of sphenopalatine ganglion
23 . Left pointer: Sphenopalatine ganglion Right pointer: Pterygopalatine canal nerve [Vidius]
24 . Sphenopalatine nerves
25 . Upper pointer: Posterior lateral nasal artery Lower pointer: Sphenopalatine artery
26 . Posterior palatine nerve
27 . Palatine levator veli muscle
28 . Palatine tensor veli muscle
29 . Major palatine artery (bony pterygopalatine canal removed)
30 . Posterior superior alveolar nerves
31 . Anterior palatine nerve
* . [Legend above restored translation from Latin]
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