Bassett Collection of Stereoscopic Images of Human Anatomy

Exploration of the meninges and brain in situ

Middle cranial fossa, middle meningeal vessels and cavernous sinus

Image #4-2

KEYWORDS: Bones cartilage joints, Brain, Meninges, Vasculature.

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Higher resolution images are available for a fee. Contact Drew Bourn, PhD, MLIS.

Exploration of the meninges and brain in situ
Middle cranial fossa, middle meningeal vessels and cavernous sinus
The dura mater has been partly stripped away from the middle fossa to open the cavernous sinus and a large sinus lateral to it (11, lower pointer). This latter receives the middle and several inferior cerebral veins (11) anteriorly and communicates posteriorly with the superior petrosal sinus (9). It also communicates with the cavernous sinus and middle meningeal veins.
1 . Temporalis muscle (cut across)
2 . Middle meningeal artery (anterior branch)
3 . Ophthalmic nerve (VI) (within cavernous sinus)
4 . Middle meningeal artery (posterior branch)
5 . Cavernous sinus
6 . Semilunar ganglion (trigeminal)
7 . Tegmen tympani (a small dural sinus lies over the tegmen)
8 . Arcuate eminence
9 . Superior petrosal sinus
10 . Lesser wing sphenoid bone (covered with dura)
11 . Inferior cerebral vein and venous sinus connecting posteriorly with superior petrosal sinus
12 . Optic nerve (II)
13 . Anterior clinoid process
14 . Internal carotid artery
15 . Posterior communicating artery
16 . Oculomotor nerve (III) (lower pointer indicates the part of the nerve within the interpeduncular cistern, upper pointer indicates the portion within the cavernous sinus)
17 . Margin of tentorium cerebelli
18 . Cerebral peduncle
19 . Substantia nigra
20 . Trochlear nerve (IV) (upper pointer indicates the nerve within the cavernous sinus, lower pointer indicates the nerve within the subarachnoid space)
21 . Trigeminal nerve (V)
22 . Superior cerebellar artery (cut across)
23 . Facial nerve (VII)
24 . Vestibulocochlear nerve (VIII)
25 . Brachium pontis (middle cerebellar peduncle) (cut across)
26 . Roots glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) and vagus (X)
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