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  • Book
    Christina Barnes Cooley.
    Digital2011
    My graduate studies have focused on the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel probe and drug delivery technologies. This research has explored the development of new molecular transporter scaffolds with a focus on step economy and translational costs as well as evaluation of their uptake and delivery properties in cells and animals. Chapter 1 provides a historical context and overview of guanidinium-rich molecular transporter technology. Chapter 2 describes the development of a new family of guanidinium-rich oligocarbonate molecular transporter which are flexibly and efficiently assembled by a one-step oligomerization strategy. These novel oligocarbonate transporters were shown to exhibit excellent uptake properties both in cells and animal models. Chapter 3 is directed at the utility of an oligomerization approach to generate molecular transporters by the design, synthesis, and evaluation of new aphipathic co-oligomers for the delivery of siRNA, an oligonucleotide cargo of intense therapeutic interest. Amphipathic carbonate co-oligomers were prepared by an oligomerization strategy and demonstrated to effectively package, deliver, and release functional siRNA in cells. Chapter 4 describes the effects of a branched guanidinium array on the transport and delivery efficiency of releasable dendrimeric guanidinium-rich transporters. These transporters were synthesized and demonstrated to deliver and release a small molecule for turnover by its intracellular target enzyme by bioluminescence assays in cells and transgenic animal models. Chapter 5 describes the design, synthesis, and preliminary biological evaluation of lipidated molecular transporter derivatives of the immunosuppressant drug rapamycin for topical delivery.