Books by Subject

Environmental Health

  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2008
    Print2008
  • Digital
    Toshichika Iizumi, Ryuichi Hirata, Ryo Matsuda, editors.
    Springer2019
    This book highlights state-of-the-art research and practices for adaptation to climate change in food production systems (agriculture in particular) as observed in Japan and neighboring Asian countries. The main topics covered include the current scientific understanding of observed and projected climate change impacts on crop production and quality, modeling of autonomous and planned adaptation, and development of early warning and/or support systems for climate-related decision-making. Drawing on concrete real-world examples, the book provides readers with an essential overview of adaptation, from research to system development to practices, taking agriculture in Asia as the example. As such, it offers a valuable asset for all researchers and policymakers whose work involves adaptation planning, climate negotiations, and/or agricultural developments.
  • Digital
    edited by Grant N. Pierce, Volodymyr I. Mizin and Alexander Omelchenko.
    Springer2013
    "The probability for exposure to damaging radiation, toxic chemicals in the environment and adverse biological agents has increased exponentially today. The more frequent and faster travel that we experience today also escalates the risk of contraction and transmission of potentially deadly infections. This has created a very real and escalating risk for injuries and deaths. This is accentuated in the military and medical staff that is more frequently exposed to radiological, chemical, and biological agents in their normal working environment. Understanding the mechanisms whereby these toxic agents inflict damage to our bodies is essential to prepare us for these challenges. Much of the damage is inflicted through the generation of free radicals and non-radical oxidants which then act through oxidative mechanisms to injury the body. This volume will discuss the damage caused by these radiological, chemical, and biological environmental stressors, the mechanisms through which the damage can occur and the novel strategies that can be used to reduce the injury inflicted by these toxic compounds. Using basic and clinical research approaches, the contents of this book discuss new ideas for the development of bioactive products and environmental approaches to lessen or negate the biological damage inflicted by these noxious compounds."--Publisher's website.
  • Digital
    edited by Bengt Fadeel, Antonio Pietroiusti, Anna A. Shvedova.
    ScienceDirect2012
    A. Engineered nanomaterials: hazard, exposure and safety assessment. Interactions with the human body / Renato Colognato ... [et al.] -- Exposure assessment / Antonio Bergamaschi, Ivo Iavicoli and Kai Savolainen -- Biomonitoring / Enrico bergamaschi and Andrea Magrini -- Critical evaluation of toxicity tests / Maria Dusinska ... [et al.] -- Computational approaches / Vidana Epa, Dave Winkler and Lang Tran -- Regulation and legislation / Maureen R. Gwinn and Birgit Sokull-Klüttgen -- B. Engineered nanomaterials: impact on human health. Respiratory system / Ken Donaldson and Craig Poland -- Cardiovascular system / Jennifer B. Raftis, Nicholas L. Mills and Rodger Duffin -- Neurological system / Sandra Ceccatelli and Giuseppe Bardi -- Immune system / Diana Boraschi and Albert Duschl -- Skin / Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere and Francesca Larese Filon -- Gastrointestinal tract / Mark A. Jepson -- Reproductive toxicity / Karin Sørig Hougaard and Luisa Campagnolo -- Genotocicity and cancer / Shareen H. Doak, Ying Liu and Chunying Chen -- C. Biomedical applications of engineered nanomaterials. Diagnostic applications / Kalcheng and Zhen Cheng -- Therapeutic applications / Cyrill Bussy ... [et al.] -- Annex: synthesis of engineered nanomaterials / Muhammet S. toprak, Gulaim A. Seisenbaeva and Vadim G. Kessler.
  • Digital
    edited by Bengt Fadeel, Antonio Pietroiusti, Anna A. Shvedova.
    ScienceDirect2017
    Bio-nano interactions / Dana Westmeier, Shirley K. Knauer, Roland H. Stauber, Dominic Docter -- Physicochemical characterization / Kristen Rasmussen, Hubert Rauscher, Agnieszka Mech -- Toxicity tests / Maria Dusinska, Elise Rundén-Pran, Jürgen Schnekenburger, Jun Kanno -- Computational approaches / Tu C. Le, Vidana Epa, Lang Tran, Dave Winkler -- Exposure Assessment / Kai Savolainen, Antonio Pietroiusti -- Biomonitoring / Enrico Bergamaschi, Irirna Guseva Canu, Adriele Prina-Mello, Regulation and legislation / Kirsten Rasmussen, Brigit Sokull-Klüttgen, IL Je Yu, Jun Kanno, Akihiro Hirose, Maureen R. Gwinn -- Risk assessment and risk management / Robert Landsiedel, Ursula G. Sauer, Wim H De Jong -- Respiratory system, part one / Craig A. Plooand, Ken Donaldson -- Respiratory system, part two / Harri Alenius, Michael R. Shurin, Galina V. Shurin, Don Beezhold, Anna A. Shvedova -- Cardiovascular system / Jennifer B. Raftis, Nicholas L. Mills, Rodger Duffin -- Neurological system / Myrtill Simkó, Mats-olof Mattsson, Robert A. Yokel -- Immune system / Diana Boraschi, Bengt Fadeel, Albert Duschl -- Endorine system / Xuefei Lu, Yong Zhu, Tao Zhu -- Skin / Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere, Francesca Larese Filon -- Gastrointestinal system / Mark A. Jepson, Hans Bouwmeester -- Reproduction and development / Luisa Campagnolo, Karin S. Hougard -- Genotoxicitiy and cancer / Shareen H. Doak, Ying Liu, Chunying Chen.
  • Digital
    edited by Kurt Straif, Aaron Cohen, and Jonathan Samet.
    IARC2013
    Introduction -- Geographical distribution of air pollutants -- Characterizing exposures to atmospheric carcinogens -- Combustion emissions -- Sources of air pollution: gasoline and diesel engines -- Household use of biomass fuels -- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air and cancer -- Hazardous air pollutants: approaches and challenges in identigying assessment priorities -- Household air pollution -- Using experimental data to evaluate the carcinogenicity of mixtures in air pollution -- Mechanistic considerations for air pollution and lung cancer: genotoxicity and molecular biomarker data from experimental and human studies -- Biomarkers of air pollution: DNA and protein adducts -- Combined effect of air pollution with other agents.
  • Digital
    Ruoting Jiang.
    Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) has been associated with a number of health outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary malfunction, lung cancer, and mortality. To protect public health, over 100 countries have adopted comprehensive or partial legislations against smoking. In the United States, California was the first state to enact a statewide ban on smoking in indoor workplaces in 1994. However, due to the sovereign nation status of California Indian tribes, smoking is still allowed and exposure to SHS continues in nearly all California Indian casinos. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a major component of SHS pollution, and has been implicated as a risk factor for a range of chronic and acute diseases. The EPA's reference method for quantifying PM2.5 mass concentrations uses filter-based gravimetric samplers, which must be operated for many hours to collect enough sample. Since the gravimetric approach cannot measure short-term variations in PM2.5 levels, many personal exposure and environmental monitoring studies have employed real-time monitors for measuring PM2.5 concentrations. However, real-time monitors require proper calibration to accurately represent particle mass concentrations. This study characterized PM2.5 concentrations with real-time SidePak particle monitors in a large sample of California Indian casinos, spanning all sizes and distributed widely across the state. By comparing the SidePak measurements with the standard gravimetric method, we first calibrated the SidePak monitors for different types of aerosols commonly encountered indoors and outdoors, including SHS. We then modeled the response of SidePak monitors to SHS for a range of relative humidity levels. Finally, we designed a systematic casino monitoring protocol, using the calibrated real-time monitors, to examine PM2.5 concentrations in a field survey of 36 California Indian casinos and 8 Reno casinos.
  • Digital/Print
    IOMC, Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals.
    Digital : WHO2013
    Print2013
  • Digital
    NLM2016
  • Digital
    edited by Marc A. Williams.
    ScienceDirect2011
    An introduction to allergic inflammation and the innate immune sensing of dangerous ambient pollutants by the dendritic cell -- Asthma: primary immunomodulatory pathways -- Environmental lung injury and pattern recognition receptors -- Asthma exacerbations: a paradigm of synergy between allergens, pollutants and viruses -- Bronchial hyperresponsiveness and lung inflammation induced by allergic immune response and oxidative stress: role of innate and adaptive immune responses -- Effects of air pollutants on allergic sensitization through the airway -- Particulate matter and oxidative stress: dangerous partners in inflammation, vascular dysfunction and innate immunity -- Diesel exhaust particles and the airway epithelial cell -- dendritic cell interface in the control of immune homeostasis -- Role of macrophages in adverse pulmonary effects of particulate pollutants -- Particulate air pollution and vulnerability to respiratory infections in children -- The intersection of respiratory syncytial virus infection, innate immunity and allergic lung disease -- Interactions between allergens and dendritic cells: pattern recognition receptors and their function in the pathogenesis of allergic respiratory diseases.
  • Digital
    World Health Organization.
    WHO2016
    This report presents a summary of methods and results of the latest World Health Organization (WHO) global assessment of ambient air pollution exposure and the resulting burden of disease. To date, air pollution -- both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) -- is the biggest environmental risk to health, carrying responsibility for about one in every nine deaths annually. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution alone kills around 3 million people each year, mainly from noncommunicable diseases. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and people's quality of life; it is a public health emergency. Interventions and policies for tackling air pollution issues exist and have been proven to be effective. Air pollution has also been identified as a global health priority in the sustainable development agenda. The role of the health sector is crucial, and there is a need to engage with other sectors to maximize the co-benefits of health, climate, environment, social and development. Saving people's lives is the overarching aim to implement policies aiming at tackling air pollution in the health, transport, energy, and urban development sectors.
  • Digital
    Guang-Hui Dong, editor.
    Springer2017
    This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.
  • Digital
    [edited] by Patricia L. Keen, Raphaël Fugère.
    Wiley2018
    Antimicrobial resistance genes and wastewater treatment / Mehrnoush Mohammadali and Julian Davies -- When pathogens and environmental organisms meet : consequences for antibiotic resistance / Jose Luis Martinez and Fernando Baquero -- One health : the role wastewater treatment plants play as reservoirs, amplifiers, and transmitters of antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotic resistant bacteria / Marilyn C. Roberts -- Assessing the impact of wastewater treatment plants on environmental levels of antibiotic resistance / Jessica Williams-Nguyen, Irene Bueno, and Randall S. Singer -- Navigating through the challenges associated with the analysis of antimicrobials and their transformation products in wastewater / Randolph R. Singh, Rachel A Mullen and Diana S. Aga -- Metagenomic approaches for antibiotic resistance gene detection in wastewater treatment plants / Ying Yang and Tong Zhang -- Antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistant bacteria in Australia / Andrew J. Watkinson and Simon D. Costanzo -- The mobile resistome in wastewater treatment facilities and downstream environments / Roberto B.M. Marano and Eddie Cytryn -- Bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater treatment plant influents and effluents / Veiko Voolaid, Erica Donner, Sotirios Vasileiadis, and Thomas U. Berendonk -- The effect of advanced treatment technologies on the removal of antibiotic resistance -- Popi karaolia, Stella Michael, and Despo Fatta-Kassinos -- Antimicrobial resistance spread mediated by wastewater irrigation: the Mezquital Valley case study / Melanie Broszat and Elisabeth Grohmann -- Antimicrobial resistance related to agricultural wastewater and biosolids / Lisa M. Durso and Amy Millmier Schmidt -- Environmental antibiotic resistance associated with land application of biosolids / Jean E. Mclain, Channah M. Rock, and Charles P. Gerba -- High throughput method for analyzing antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater treatment plants / Johanna Muurinen, Antti Karkman, and Marko Virta -- Antibiotic resistance and wastewater treatment process / Thi Thuy Do, Sinéad Murphy, and Fiona Walsh -- Antibiotic pollution and occurrence of bacterial antibiotic resistance genes in Latin American developing countries : case study of the Katari watershed in the Bolivian highlands / Denisse Archundia, Celine Duwig, Jean M.F. Martins, Frederic Lehembre, Marie-Christine Morel, and Gabriela Flores -- Antimicrobial resistance in hospital wastewaters / Judith Isaac-Renton and Patricia L. Keen -- Curbing the resistance movement : examining public perception of the spread of antibiotic resistant organisms / Agnes V. Macdonald and Patricia L. keen -- Public health consequences of antimicrobial resistance in the wastewater treatment process / Patricia L. Keen, Raphaël Fugère, and David M. Patrick.
  • Digital
    Omar Bagasra, Cherilyn Heggen ; illustrations by Muhammad Hossain.
    Wiley2018
    "Explores environmental factors during fetal development that may contribute to autism It is well documented that in the majority of the cases, an autistic child's brain has acquired the genetic and organismal abnormalities that were initiated during the first trimester of their gestational period. Yet, scientists still don't know what is causing these abnormalities; this book explains how the human brain develops and what the critical stages are in which a fetal brain may acquire genetic and developmental abnormalities. It presents scientific data supporting previous anecdotal observations to attempt to understand the complex puzzle that is autism. From chemical fragrances to herbicides, synthetic chemicals are abundant in everyday life and this book examines the evidence surrounding these chemicals and their effects, including on the developing human brain and how that might explain certain characteristics observed in autism. Discussing various aspects of potential ASD causing factors, Autism and Environmental Factors brings together as many pieces of the autism puzzle as possible in one place to begin to clarify the picture and spark discussion to ensure a safe environment for everyone, especially our developing children. Discusses the genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to autism Covers how the human brain develops and the critical stages in which a fetal brain may acquire genetic and developmental abnormalities Describes the rapid proliferation of synthetic chemicals in our modern world and the effects on the developing human brain--endocrine-disturbing chemicals that alter DNA, epigenetics, and hormones Written in a clear and accessible style Autism and Environmental Factors is an important book for researchers and students in neuroscience, neuroanatomy, developmental neurobiology and anyone focusing on autism research"--Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    edited by John A. Herrmann and Yvette J. Johnson-Walker, University of Illinois, IL, USA.
    Wiley2018
    Tackling One Health from a multi-disciplinary perspective, this book offers in-depth insight into how our health and the health of every living creature and our ecosystem are all inextricably connected. Presents critical population health topics, written by an international group of experts Addresses the technical aspects of the subject Offers potential policy solutions to help mitigate current threats and prevent additional threats from occurring
  • Digital
    edited by Suresh C. Sikka, Wayne J.G. Hellstrom.
    ScienceDirect2017
    Bioenvironmental Issues Affecting Men's Reproductive and Sexual Health is structured into two parts related to men's reproductive and sexual health with eight sections designed to enable a logical flow of such knowledge. The book is focused on the biology of key organs involved in male reproduction and the environmental influences affecting their functions with particular emphasis on clinical aspects. Individual chapters within the book range from basic to translational aspects, but all hold clinical relevance. This is an essential reference for those working and learning in the field of human reproduction, reproductive toxicology and environmental influences on reproductive and sexual health.
  • Digital
    Takemi Otsuki, Yasuo Yoshioka, Andrij Holian, editors.
    Springer2016
    This volume examines our current understanding of the biological effects of fibrous and particulate substances, including discussions on nanoparticles. It offers comprehensive information on the latest insights into the immunological effects of various irritants on the human body. Readers will benefit from the contributing authors' diverse perspectives and extensive discussions of key issues, which include molecular alterations of the immune system and autoimmune diseases in connection with asbestos and silica, among others. The chapters also discuss recommendations, practical methods, and nanosafety science in situations involving exposure to nanotoxic substances. Edited in collaboration with the Japanese Society for Hygiene, this book provides up-to-date information on the immunological effects of nanotoxic substances to researchers interested in environmental and occupational health. Presenting a number of recent concepts and findings in the field, it enables readers to gain a comprehensive knowledge of health problems caused by environmental fibrous and particulate substances.
  • Digital
    report of the Interagency Breast Cancer and Environmental Research Coordinating Committee (IBCERCC).
    NIEHS2013
    The large and increasing burden of breast cancer demands innovative research and bold new approaches to uncover the intricate combination of factors inside and outside the body that lead to the disease. Based on our review of the state of the science, current programs and investments by federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and relevant communication efforts and policies, the IBCERCC offers seven recommendations to highlight the urgent need for coordinated, targeted efforts to identify and mitigate the environmental causes of breast cancer.
  • Digital
    Seiichiro Himeno, Keiko Aoshima, editors.
    Springer2019
    This volume focuses on cadmium (Cd) exposure, its effects on human health, the mechanism of Cd accumulation and the development of mitigation technologies. Further, it discusses clinical, epidemiological, agricultural, toxicological, and biochemical aspects of Cd pollution and presents recent biochemical studies on molecular mechanisms of Cd cytotoxicity and cellular transport as well as the mechanism of Cd-induced disturbances in phosphorus (P) metabolism. It also provides insights into the pathophysiology of itai-itai disease, a serious condition caused by Cd pollution. Cadmium -New Aspects in Human Disease, Rice Contamination, and Cytotoxicity- is a valuable resource for scientists involved in heavy metal toxicology, botanical sciences, and regulatory sciences. Addressing the features of Cd pollution in the past and in the present, as well as future perspectives, this is a must-have book for students, researchers and practitioners interested in global and local metal pollution.
  • Digital
  • Digital
    Kai-Chung Cheng.
    Near an active indoor emission source, air pollutant levels are elevated and highly-variable, due to non-instantaneous mixing -- this causes great uncertainty in estimating a person's exposure level. This research investigated the magnitude and variability of short-term exposures close to an active point source inside 2 homes, under a range of natural ventilation conditions. The findings from a newly-developed monitor signal reconstruction method were applied to measurements from 30-37 real-time monitors to capture the spatial and temporal variations of concentrations over 30-min CO tracer gas releases. For 11 experiments involving 2 houses, with natural ventilation conditions ranging from < 0.2 to > 5 air changes per h, an eddy diffusion model was used to determine the turbulent diffusion coefficients. The air change rate showed a significant positive linear correlation with the air mixing rate, defined as the turbulent diffusion coefficient divided by a squared length scale representing the room size. To predict the magnitude of exposure close to an active source, an indoor dispersion model was formulated, invoking the theory of random walk, and incorporating the physical processes of anisotropic turbulent diffusion, removal of the air pollutant, and air pollutant wall reflection. Then, to capture the variability of concentrations in close proximity to an active source, a new piece-wise random walk algorithm was developed to stochastically simulate the transient directionality of emitted plume. The distribution of different exposure cases generated using this model reasonably covered the range of experimental measurements collected in 2 houses, while preserving ensemble averages satisfying the principle of Fickian diffusion.
  • Digital
    Viviana Acevedo-Bolton.
    A total of 68 experiments were conducted in two homes under natural ventilation rates ranging from 0.2 -- 5.4 air exchanges per hour, each involving 12 to 37 real-time carbon monoxide (CO) or particulate matter (PM2.5) monitors placed in proximity (0.25 -- 5.0 m) to a controlled stationary point source. Concentrations measured in close proximity (within 1 m) to the source were highly variable, with 5-min averages that typically varied by > 100-fold. This variability was due to short-duration (< 10 s) pollutant concentration peaks ("microplumes") that were frequently recorded in close proximity to the source -- for PM2.5, these peaks often exceeded 1000 ug/m3. Compared with concentrations predicted assuming uniform, instantaneous mixing within the room, average concentrations measured within 0.25 m of the source were 6 -- 20 times as high. As distance from the active source increased the ratio of measured concentration to the well-mixed prediction decreased. For most cases, ratios approached 1 (well-mixed) at distances of 3 -- 5 m from the source. Air change rate and vertical distance from source to receptor were two factors that affected horizontal concentration profiles. Under natural ventilation conditions, as air change rate increased, the concentrations close to the source became more elevated, magnifying the proximity effect. Mechanical ventilation increased mixing in the room, and resulted in a diminished proximity effect. Vertical mixing of the pollutant was even more hindered, due to temperature stratifications present in the rooms -- the concentrations more than 0.5 m vertically from the height of a nonbuoyant plume rapidly approached the well-mixed prediction. For buoyant stationary plumes, such as emissions from a smoldering cigarette or stick of incense, the height of maximum concentrations was typically 0.5 -- 1 m above the source, due to plume rise. The rise of a buoyant plume was more limited under natural than mechanical ventilation conditions, presumably due to less temperature stratification. For an actual smoker, where both highly buoyant sidestream smoke and less buoyant exhaled mainstream smoke were generated, and where the cigarette was moved around by the smoker, emissions were dispersed over a broader vertical extent. However, for 20 indoor experiments involving 2-4 people sitting in close proximity to an active smoker, the magnitude of the proximity effect within 0.5 -- 1 m was comparable to measurements for the stationary nonbuoyant source experiments.
  • Print
    William J. Rea.
    Status: Not Checked Out
    v. 3. Clinical manifestations of pollutant overload -- v. 4. Tools of diagnosis and methods of treatment.
  • Digital
    Yukio Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Yoshino, Satoshi Ishikawa, Mikio Miyata.
    TandFonline2017
    Chapter 1. Present state of chemical sensitivity / Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 2. Effects of chemical sensitivity on patients' daily lives / Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 3. Promoting understanding of chemical sensitivity / Satoshi Ishikawa and Mikio Miyata -- Chapter 4. Medical facts / Mikio Miyata, Kou Sakabe, and Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 5. Diagnosis / Satoshi Ishikawa and Mikio Miyata -- Chapter 6. Treatment of patients with chemical sensitivity / Mikio Miyata and Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 7. Chemical sensitivity in children / Kazuhiko Kakuta -- Chapter 8. Multiple chemical sensitivity : medical aspects from Germany / Klaus-Dietrich Runow -- Chapter 9. Emission rate of chemical compounds in the building products and materials / Shin-ichi Tanabe -- Chapter 10. Ventilation strategies for each kind of building and statutory regulations / Haruki Osawa and Masaki Tajima -- Chapter 11. Ventilation, air-tightness, and air pollution / Hiroshi Yoshino and Rie Takaki -- Chapter 12. Chemical features of indoor pollutants and current regulation / Naohide Shinohara -- Chapter 13. Methods for measurement of indoor pollution / Atsushi Mizukoshi -- Chapter 14. The current situation and shift in approaches to indoor air pollution / Miyuki Noguchi -- Chapter 15. Investigation of indoor environments and occupants' health in sick houses / Hiroshi Yoshino, Sachiko Hojo, and Rie Takaki -- Chapter 16. Round table discussion / Yukio Yanagisawa.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
  • Digital
    author: Nicolas Rees.
  • Digital
    Inka Weissbecker, editor.
    Springer2011
    ch. 1. Introduction : climate change and human well-being / Inka Weissbecker -- Part I. The impact of climate change -- ch. 2. The threat of climate change : psychological response, adaptation, and impacts / Joseph P. Reser, Shirley A. Morrissey, and Michelle Ellul -- ch. 3. Chronic environmental change : emerging 'psychoterratic' syndromes / Glenn Albrecht -- ch. 4. Extreme weather-related events : implications for mental health and well-being / David M. Simpson, Inka Weissbecker, and Sandra E. Sephton -- ch. 5. Humanitarian crisis : the need for cultural competence and local capacity building / Inka Weissbecker and Jennifer Czincz -- ch. 6. Security and conflict : the impact of climate change / Chad Michael Briggs and Inka Weissbecker -- Part II. Specific populations -- ch. 7. Women and climate change : vulnerabilities and challenges / Anita L. Wenden -- ch. 8. Climate change refugees / Michael Hollifield, Mind Thompson Fullilove, and Stevan E. Hobfoll -- Part III. Guidance and recommendations -- ch. 9. Resilience, spirituality and postraumatic growth : reshaping the effects of climate change / Tamasin Ramsay and Lenore Manderson -- ch. 10. Climate change, resilience and transformation : challenges and opportunities for local communities / Taegen Edwards and John Wiseman -- ch. 11. conclusions : implications for practice, policy, and further research / Inka Weissbecker.
  • Digital
    Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Andrew J. Ghio, Lisa A. Maier, editors.
    Springer2012
    Historical Perspective of Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease / Paul David Blanc MD, MSPH -- The Occupational and Environmental History / Lawrence C. Mohr Jr. -- Use of Laboratory Tests in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Jean-Luc Malo -- Radiography and CT of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases /; Philip C. Goodman --; Environmental and Occupational Causes of Asthma / Marcos Ribeiro, Susan M. Tarlo -- Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis / Lawrence Ho, Ware G. Kuschner -- Air Pollution and Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Ellen Volker -- Unanswered Questions Regarding Asbestos Exposure: Concerns for the Next Generation / Daniel E. Banks -- Pneumoconiosis in the Twenty-First Century / Andrew J. Ghio -- Inhalation Injury / David J. Prezant, Dorsett D. Smith -- Hard Metal Lung Disease / Toshinori Takada, Hiroshi Moriyama -- Beryllium Disease / John Ferguson, Margaret M. Mroz -- Occupational Lung Cancer / Ignatius T. S. Yu, Lap-Ah Tse, Hong Qiu -- COPD in Non-smokers / K. B. Hubert Lam, Om P. Kurmi, Jon G. Ayres -- Emerging Issues in Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang -- Disability Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Clayton T. Cowl -- Global Impact of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Eric D. Amster, David C. Christiani.
  • Digital
    Fabio Capello, Antonio Vittorino Gaddi, editors.
    Springer2018
    This book examines in detail the clinical implications of those diseases that either are primarily triggered by air pollution or represent direct consequences of air pollutants. The aim is to provide medical practitioners with practical solutions to issues in diagnosis and treatment while simultaneously furnishing other interested parties with crucial information on the field. The book introduces the concept that air pollution-related diseases constitute a new class of pathologies. A wide range of conditions mainly attributable to air pollution are discussed, covering different body systems and pollution impacts in subsets of the population. In addition to presenting state of the art overviews of clinical aspects, the book carefully examines the implications of current knowledge for social and public health strategies aimed at disease prevention and prophylaxis. The Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases will greatly assist doctors and healthcare workers when dealing with the consequences of air pollution in their everyday practice and will provide researchers, industry, and policymakers with valuable facts and insights.
  • Digital
    Karel Prach, Lawrence R. Walker.
    Cambridge2020
    "Despite a century of study by ecologists, recovery following disturbances (succession) is not fully understood. This book provides the first global synthesis that compares plant succession in all major terrestrial biomes and after all major terrestrial disturbances. It asks critical questions such as: Does succession follow general patterns across biomes and disturbance types? Do factors that control succession differ from biome to biome? If common drivers exist, what are they? Are they abiotic or biotic, or both? The authors provide insights on broad, generalizable patterns that go beyond site-specific studies, and present discussions on factors such as varying temporal dynamics, latitudinal differences, human-caused vs. natural disturbances, and the role of invasive alien species. This book is a must-read for researchers and students in ecology, plant ecology, restoration ecology and conservation biology. It also provides a valuable framework to aid land managers attempting to manipulate successional recovery following increasingly intense and widespread human-made disturbances"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    edited by Charles G. Curtin, Timothy F.H. Allen.
    Cambridge2018
    From climate change to species extinction, humanity is confronted with an increasing array of societal and environmental challenges that defy simple quantifiable solutions. Complexity-based ecology provides a new paradigm for ecologists and conservationists keen to embrace the uncertainty that is pressed upon us. This book presents key research papers chosen by some sixty scholars from various continents, across a diverse span of sub-disciplines. The papers are set alongside first person commentary from many of the seminal voices involved, offering unprecedented access to experts' viewpoints. The works assembled also shed light on the process of science in general, showing how the shifting of wider perspectives allows for new ideas to take hold. Ideal for undergraduate and advanced students of ecology and conservation, their educators and those working across allied fields, this is the first book of its kind to focus on complexity-based approaches and provides a benchmark for future collected volumes.
  • Digital
    Mateja Dovjak, Andreja Kukec.
    Springer2019
    The open access book discusses human health and wellbeing within the context of built environments. It provides a comprehensive overview of relevant sources of literature and user complaints that clearly demonstrate the consequences of lack of attention to health in current building design and planning. Current designing of energy-efficient buildings is mainly focused on looking at energy problems and not on addressing health. Therefore, even green buildings that place environmental aspects above health issues can be uncomfortable and unhealthy, and can lead to public health problems. The authors identify many health risk factors and their parameters, and the interactions among risk factors and building design elements. They point to the need for public health specialists, engineers and planners to come together and review built environments for human wellbeing and environmental sustainability. The authors therefore present a tool for holistic decision-making processes, leading to short- and long-term benefits for people and their environment.
  • Digital
    Hugo Azcorra, Federico Dickinson, editors.
    Springer2020
  • Digital
    edited by Tim Burt, Durham University and the University of Bristol, Des Thompson, Scottish Natural Heritage.
    Cambridge2020
    "Notwithstanding the importance of modern technology, fieldwork remains vital, not least through helping to inspire and educate the next generation. Fieldwork has the ingredients of intellectual curiosity, passion, rigour and engagement with the outdoor world - to name just a few. You may be simply noting what you see around you, making detailed records, or carrying out an experiment; all of this and much more amounts to fieldwork. Being curious, you think about the world around you, and through patient observation develop and test ideas. Forty contributors capture the excitement and importance of fieldwork through a wide variety of examples, from urban graffiti to the Great Barrier Reef. Outdoor learning is for life: people have the greatest respect and care for their world when they have first-hand experience of it"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    editors, Joseph LaDou, Robert J. Harrison.
    AccessMedicine2014 (5th ed.).
    A thorough, concise, up-to-date guide to the diagnosis and treatment of common occupational and environmental injuries and diseases Coverage includes: Chapters on how to conduct an occupational and environmental medical history, examine the patient, evaluate exposures, and prevent further injury and illness ; New methods of disability management and the important role that physicians can play in preventing disability ; Practical information on the toxic properties and clinical manifestation of common industrial materials ; Techniques to prevent acute and cumulative workplace-related injuries ; Detailed discussion of international occupational and environmental health, and issues of worker migration.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2011
    Print2011
    Part A. Report of WHO expert consultation on DDT rish characterization -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Consensus statement -- Part B. Hazard and exposure assessments -- 1. Summary and conclusions -- 2. Chemical identity -- 3. Exposure sources and metrics -- 4. Kinetics and metabolism -- 5. Hepatic effects and enzyme induction -- 6. Neurotoxicity -- 7. Immunotoxicity -- 8. Carcinogenicity -- 9. Genotoxicity -- 10. Endocrinological and reproductive effects -- 11. Hazard characterization -- 12. Exposure assessment.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
  • Digital
    edited by E.M. Jones and E M Tansey.
    Wellcome Trust2015
  • Digital
    edited by Arnold Schecter.
    Wiley2012
    Persistent organic pollutants : an overview / Daniele Wikoff, Lauren Fitzgerald, Linda Birnbaum Toxic equivalency factors (TEFS) for dioxin and related compounds / Michael DeVito Historic and newer persistent organic pollutants (POPS) in U.S. food / Janice Huwe -- Flame retardants : PBDES and their replacements / Thomas Webster, Heather Stapleton -- Pharmacokinetics of TCDD and related compounds / James Olson -- Immunomodulation by persistent organic pollutants / Robert Luebke [and others] -- Developmental neurotoxicity of dioxins / G. Jean Harry, Pamela J. Lein -- Epidemiological evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) / Kyle Steenland, Tony Fletcher, David Savitz -- Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans / Kurunthachalam Kannan, Chunyang Liao, Hyo-Bang Moon -- Epidemiological studies on cancer and exposure to dioxin and related compounds / Lennart Hardell, Mikeal Eriksson -- Reproductive and developmental epidemiology of dioxins -- Anne Sweeney [and others] -- Bisphenol A / Thaddeus Shug [and others] -- Phthalates : human exposure and related health effects / John D. Meeker, Kelly K. Ferguson -- The seveso accident / Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Pier Alberto Bertazzi -- Agent orange : long term health and environmental impact in Vietnam / Susan Hammond, Arnold Schecter -- The yusho and yucheng rice oil poisoning incidents / Yoshito Masuda, Arnold Schecter -- The Binghamtom New York electrical transformer fire incident of 1981 / Nancy Kim, Arnold Schecter -- The Yushchenko dioxin poisoning : chronology and pharmacokinetics / John Jake Ryan -- Human health risk assessment of POPS / David Szabo, Anne E. Loccisano.
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital
    Matthew J. Colloff.
    Springer2009
    "The purpose of Dust Mites is to provide a comprehensive reference work for all readers with an involvement or interest in house dust mite research and management, incorporating ... the topics of systematics and identification, physiology, ecology, allergen biochemistry and molecular biology, epidemiology, mite control and allergen avoidance."--From publisher's notes.
  • Digital
    Dominique F. Charron, editor.
    Springer2012
  • Digital
    Martin Drechsler.
    Cambridge2020
    "Ecologists and economists both use models to help develop strategies for biodiversity management. The practical use of disciplinary models, however, can be limited because ecological models tend not to address the socioeconomic dimension of biodiversity management, whereas economic models tend to neglect the ecological dimension. Given these shortcomings of disciplinary models, there is a necessity to combine ecological and economic knowledge into ecological-economic models. Gradually guiding the reader into the field of ecological-economic modelling by introducing mathematical models and their role in general, this book provides an overview on ecological and economic modelling approaches relevant for research in the field of biodiversity conservation. It discusses the advantages of and challenges associated with ecological-economic modelling, together with an overview of useful ways of integration. Although being a book about mathematical modelling, ecological and economic concepts play an equally important role, making the book accessible for readers from very different disciplinary backgrounds"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    Springerv. 1-, 1970-
  • Digital
    Crescentia Y. Dakubo.
    Springer2011
    Exploring the linkages between ecosystems and human health -- Evolution towards an ecosystem approach to public health -- Ecosystem approaches to human health: key concepts and principles -- Community-based participatory research for ecohealth -- The process of conducting an ecohealth research project: a participatory action research approach -- Applying an ecosystem approach to community health research in Ghana: a case study -- Planning for a healthy community: a case study: phase II -- Challenges and ethical dilemmas in conducting participatory ecohealth research -- Ecosystem approaches to indigenous health -- Policy frameworks on health and environmental linkages -- Applying critical theory to environmental and health issues -- Examining environmental problems from a critical perspective -- Examining public health concerns from a critical perspective -- Towards a critical approach to ecohealth research and practice.
  • Digital
    Anne Perrin, Martine Souques, editors.
    Springer2012
  • Digital
    created by Stanford University Environmental Health and Safety, Office of Emergency Management.
    Stanf Univ2014
  • Digital
    Prakash S. Bisen and Ruchika Raghuvanshi.
    Wiley2013
    A global perspective on the management and prevention of emerging and re-emerging diseases Emerging infectious diseases are newly identified or otherwise previously unknown infections that cause public health challenges. Re-emerging infectious diseases are due to both the reappearance of and an increase in the number of infections from a disease that is known, but which had formerly caused so few infections that it was no longer considered a public health problem. The factors that cause the emergence or re-emergence of a disease are diverse. This book takes a look at the worl
  • Digital
    Sushil K. Khetan.
    Wiley2014
    Environmental endocrine disruptors -- Part I. Mechanisms of hormonal action and putative endocrine disruptors. Mechanisms of endocrine system function -- Environmental chemicals targeting estrogen signaling pathways -- Anti-androgenic chemicals -- Thyroid-disrupting chemicals -- Activators of PPAR, RXR, AhR, and steriodogenic factor 1 -- Effects of EDC mixtures -- Environmentally induced epigenetic modifications and transgenerational effects -- -- Part II. Removal mechanisms of EDCs through biotic and abiotic processes. Biodegradations and biotransformations of selected examples of EDCs -- Abiotic degradations / transformations of EDCs through oxidation processes -- -- Part III. Screening and testiing for potential EDCs, implications for water quality sustainability, policy and regulatory issues, and green chemistry principles in the design of safe chemicals and remediation of EDCs. Screening and testing programs for EDCs -- Trace contaminants : implications for water quality sustainability -- Policy and regulatory considerations for EDCs -- Green chemistry principles in the designing and screening for safe chemicals and remediation of EDCs.
  • Print
    Jay Lemery and Paul Auerbach.
    Status: Not Checked Out
    Preamble : the doctor's approach -- Climate change 101 : a primer -- Heat waves & heat stress -- Extreme weather -- Vector-borne diseases -- Mental health -- Air degradation -- Water security -- Food security -- Allergens -- Harmful algal blooms -- Nature's pharmacopeia -- Ecosystem services -- Climate justice -- Rx for the future.
  • Digital/Print
    Mieczyslaw Pokorski, editor.
    Digital : Springer2015
    Print2015
    The impairment of lung function caused by environmental exposure to pollutants and toxicants is a rising health problem, particularly in highly industrialized parts of the world. The problem is urgently calling for the development of new methodologies to assess both the level of elemental exposure and the effects for quality of health and longevity. This volume provides state-of-the-art information about the recent advances in occupational and non-occupational pollutant-related disorders of the respiratory tract, and the assessment of a threat they pose for the health-span. Heavy traffic-related air pollution, unnoticeable but salient health detriment, is dealt with at length.
  • Digital
    Berry, R. J.
    Cambridge2018
    Our attitudes to our environment are widely and often acrimoniously discussed, commonly misunderstood, and will shape our future. We cannot assume that we behave as newly minted beings in a pristine garden nor as pre-programmed automata incapable of rational responsibility. Professor Berry has studied nature-nurture interactions for many years, and also been involved with many national and international decision making bodies which have influenced our environmental attitudes. He is therefore well-placed to describe what has moulded our present attitudes towards the environment. This book presents data and concepts from a range of disciplines - genetic, anthropological, social, historical and theological - to help us understand how we have responded in the past and how this influences our future. Beginning with a historical review and moving forwards to current conditions, readers will reach the end of this volume more capable and better prepared to make decisions which affect our communities and posterity.
  • Digital/Print
    Mieczyslaw Pokorski, editor.
    Digital : Springer2015
    Print2015
    The book presents the latest advances in research into health effects of air pollution, with heavy motor vehicle traffic or cigarette smoke as the exemplar of pollution. The airways are the first-line defense system against pollution. The book focuses on respiratory ailments underlain by inflammation, increased susceptibility to infection, particularly acquired during harsh environmental conditions and exposures to particulate matter or pathogens. The importance of astute analysis of lung function for early diagnosis of disorders is underscored. A knowledge deficit concerning the aerosolized drug delivery through the airways also is addressed. Recent developments and viewpoints in the field of environmental health hazards as well as methodological advances in their assessment are provided. The book will be of interest to pulmonologists, healthcare providers, researchers and clinicians engaged in environment-related respiratory diseases, but also to policy makers concerned with clean ambient air quality.
  • Digital
    George J. Brewer.
    ScienceDirect2018
    Environmental Causes and Prevention Measures for Alzheimer's Disease examines the increased incidence of the disease in developed countries and aims to educate neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other educated individuals on new insights into environmental causation, primarily metals. This book looks into the web of evidence around the hypothesis of copper toxicity and the additional role that a high fat diet plays in disease progression and cognition loss. The data and its implications are discussed, along with potential prevention measures. This book will generate excitement and interest among neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other biomedical researchers.
  • Digital
    Committee on Advancing Understanding of the Implications of Environmental-chemical Interactions with the Human Microbiome, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies.
    NCBI Bookshelf2018
    "A great number of diverse microorganisms inhabit the human body and are collectively referred to as the human microbiome. Until recently, the role of the human microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, research is beginning to elucidate associations between perturbations in the human microbiome and human disease and the factors that might be responsible for the perturbations. Studies have indicated that the human microbiome could be affected by environmental chemicals or could modulate exposure to environmental chemicals. Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk presents a research strategy to improve our understanding of the interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome and the implications of those interactions for human health risk. This report identifies barriers to such research and opportunities for collaboration, highlights key aspects of the human microbiome and its relation to health, describes potential interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome, reviews the risk-assessment framework and reasons for incorporating chemical-microbiome interactions"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital
    Randy L. Jirtle, Frederick L. Tyson, editors.
    Springer2013
    Exposure to environmental toxicants is associated with changes in DNA methylation and gene expression profiles that together can contribute to increased disease susceptibility. The chapters in this volume, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Disease Origins, address a wide range of environmental exposures, such as airborne particulates, cocaine, radiation, tobacco smoke, and xenoestrogens. Particular emphasis is placed on the consequences of environmental exposures during development on epigenetic reprogramming that influences adult disease pathogenesis. Health outcomes associated with these exposures include autoimmune disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and cancer. Importantly, dietary supplements and drugs can modify the epigenetic effects induced by these agents, thereby reducing their toxicological impact. The overall purpose of this volume and its companion, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Complex Diseases, is to give readers an overview of how environmental exposures during early development can influence disease formation by disrupting epigenetic processes and developmental programming.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHOv. 1-, 1976-
  • Digital
    editors: Jeanne Leffers, Claudia M. Smith, Katie Huffling, Ruth McDermott-Levy, Barbara Sattler.
    R2Library2015
    Introduction -- Unit I: Why nursing. Why nurses are involved with environmental health -- Environmental health and families/homes -- Environmental health in the school setting -- Environmental health nursing at the community level -- Faith community: an environmental partner -- Spotlight on nurses -- Desired environmental health competencies for registered nurses -- Unit II: Harmful environmental exposures and vulnerable populations. Harmful environmental exposures and vulnerable populations -- Vulnerable populations - anticipatory guidance -- Immigrants and refugees as a vulnerable population -- Unit III: Environmental health sciences. Ecology, ecosystems, and watersheds -- Introduction to toxicology -- Carcinogens -- Criteria air pollutants -- Chemicals of concern: flame retardants -- Health effects of heavy metals -- Environmental public health tracking -- Introduction to risk assessment in environmental health -- Unit IV: Practice settings. Nurse exposure in work -- Hazardous exposures in healthcare -- Pharmaceutical waste -- Green team -- Unit V: Sustainable communities. Introduction to Tox Town -- Green building -- Green cleaning in homes -- Transportation and health implications -- Brownfields and nursing implications -- Antibiotic use in agriculture: public and environmental health impact -- Environmental justice -- Unit VI: Climate change. Climate and health -- Unit vii: energy -- Introduction to the ANA energy resolution -- Unconventional natural gas development and nursing -- Unit VIII: Advocacy. Using nursing process to guide advocacy for environmental health -- Coalition building: a powerful political strategy -- Case study in environmental health advocacy -- Chemical policy reform - toxic chemicals in the environment: efforts to control and regulate -- Anatomy of a legislative meeting -- Unit IX: Research. Maria Amaya, PhD, RNC, WHNP-BC -- Adelita Cantu, PhD, RN -- Viki Chaudrue, EdD, MSN, RN -- Rosemary Chaudry, PhD, RN, MHA, MPH, PHCNS-BC -- Linda McCauley, RN, PhD, FAAN, FAAOHN -- Ruth McDermott-Levy, PhD, MPH, RN -- Barbara Polivka, PhD, RN -- Elizabeth C Schenk, PhD, MHI, RN -- Unit X: Conclusion.
  • Digital
    Morton Lippmann, Richard B. Schlesinger.
    Oxford Medicine Online2017
    Introduction and historical perspective -- Characterization of contaminants and environments -- Sources of contaminants -- Dispersion of contaminants -- Fate of contaminants : translocation, transformations, and sinks -- Effects of contaminants on human health -- Effects of contaminants on environmental quality -- Risk assessment -- Environmental sampling and exposure assessment -- Risk management -- Contaminant criteria and exposure limits -- Our environmental future.
  • Digital
    edited by Raúl J. Cano and Gary A. Toranzos.
    Am Soc Microbiol2018
    1. Definitions and historical perspectives in environmental forensics -- 2. Statistical considerations in environmental microbial forensics -- 3. From evolutionary advantage to disease agents: forensic reevaluation of host-microbe interactions and pathogenicity -- 4. Paleomicrobiology: a snapshot of ancient microbes and approaches to forensic microbiology -- 5. Microbial forensics in food safety -- 6. Toward forensic uses of microbial source tracking -- 7. Soil microbial forensics -- 8. Forensic phytopathology: a critical review -- 9. Forensic approaches to detect possible agents of bioterror -- 10. Environmental microbial forensics and archaeology of past pandemics -- 11. Comparative microbial genomics and forensics -- 12. Future technologies.
  • Digital
    edited by Ian T. Paulsen, Andrew J. Holmes.
    Springer2014
    Methods for isolation and cultivation of filamentous fungi / Helena Nevalainen, Liisa Kautto, and Junior Te'o -- Rapid extraction of PCR-competent DNA from recalcitrant environmental samples / Michael R. Gillings -- Quantitative PCR for detection of mRNA and gDNA in environmental isolates / Anthony J. Brzoska and Karl A. Hassan -- Analysis of community dynamics in environmental samples using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis / Claire L. Thompson -- Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) profiling of bacterial 16S rRNA genes / Catherine A. Osborne -- Profiling the diversity of microbial communities with single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) / Achim Schmalenberger and Christoph C. Tebbe -- Human fecal source identification with real-time quantitative PCR / Orin C. Shanks ... [and 4 others] -- Next generation barcode tagged sequencing for monitoring microbial community dynamics / Katy Breakwell, Sasha G. Tetu, and Liam D.H. Elbourne -- Analysis of methanotroph community structure using a pmoA-based microarray / Guy C.J. Abell ... [and 3 others] -- Biolog Phenotype MicroArrays for phenotypic characterization of microbial cells / Amanda M. Mackie ... [and 3 others] -- Visualization of metabolic properties of bacterial cells using nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) / Yi Vee Chew, Andrew J. Holmes, and John B. Cliff -- Single-cell Raman sorting / Mengqiu Li ... [and 3 others] -- Bacterial whole-cell biosensors for the detection of contaminants in water and soils / Yun Wang ... [and 3 others] -- Stable isotope probing to study functional components of complex microbial ecosystems / Sophie Mazard and Hendrik Schäfer -- Metagenomics using next-generation sequencing / Lauren Bragg and Gene W. Tyson -- Targeted genomics of flow cytometrically sorted cultured and uncultured microbial groups / Sophie Mazard ... [and 4 others] -- Quantitative microbial metatranscriptomics / Scott Gifford, Brandon Satinsky, and Mary Ann Moran -- Quantitative metaproteomics : functional insights into microbial communities / Chongle Pan and Jillian F. Banfield.
  • Digital
    David Hollar, editor.
    Springer2016
    Epigenetics and Development: A Natural Process -- Cause and Effect in Epigenetic Disease Epidemiology -- Epigenetics and Health -- Molecular Basis of Epigenetics -- Trans-generational Epigenetics -- Maternal Exposure to Pharmaceuticals -- Maternal Exposure to Poor Nutrition -- Maternal Exposure to Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs -- Maternal Exposure to Lead and Mercury -- Maternal Exposure to Stress -- Paternal Exposure to Environmental Mutagens and Stressors -- Protective Nutrition Before and During Pregnancy -- Protective Behaviors Before and During Pregnancy -- Impact of Dental Mercury on Lifespan Health -- Children's Exposure to Stress -- Children's Exposure to Lead and Mercury -- Children's Exposure to Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs -- Children's Exposure to Violence -- Children's Exposure to Traumatic Events -- Children's Exposure to Poor Nutrition -- Infection Impact on Child Development and Epigenetics -- HLA and Immune Response -- Allostatic Load -- Latent Periods and Cardiovascular/Cancer Risks -- Dynamics of Life Experiences on Polygenic Gene Regulation -- Food Chain Impact of Pesticides on Human Health -- Sun and Artificial Radiation Exposure on Skin Health -- Medical Imaging Radiation Risk on Health -- Naturopathic Approaches to Epigenetic Health -- Reprogramming Epigenetic Effects -- An Ecological Systems Approach to Epigenetic Health -- The Health Leader's Guide to Promoting Epigenetic Health .
  • Digital
    Teresa Pinto-Correia (University of Évora, Portugal), Jørgen Primdahl (University of Copenhagen), Bas Pedroli (Wageningen University & Research).
    Cambridge2018
    European rural landscapes as we experience them today are the result of ongoing processes and interactions between nature and society. These are changing fast: the future landscapes will be different from those we know currently. Written for academics, policy-makers and practitioners, this book is the first to explore the complex histories of rural landscapes in Europe as a basis for their sound governance in future. Tensions between the needs of agricultural spaces driven by economic incentives and a variety of non-agricultural functions are explored to demonstrate current challenges and the shortfalls in the policies that address them. Using inspiring case studies that highlight the roles of regional agents and communities, the authors go further than the usual analyses to illustrate the importance of local context. Written by experts currently working to revitalise the rural landscapes of Europe, the text concludes with suggestions for improving landscape policy and planning practice.
  • Print
    Sara Shostak.
    Status: Not Checked Out
  • Digital
    Gary W. Miller.
    ScienceDirect2014
  • Digital
    Jennifer Ann Dougherty.
    The contamination of water supplies by organic contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) pose a potential risk to the health of humans and ecosystems. Septic systems under the best circumstances produce effluent quality equivalent to biologically or secondarily treated wastewater, which is known to be inefficient for removal of many PPCPs. This dissertation examines septic systems as a source of PPCP pollution. The occurrence, fate, and transport of a set of 25 organic contaminants commonly found in wastewater was studied at the scale of a watershed, a septic system, and in microcosms that simulated the geochemical conditions of a septic plume. The septic system study was carried out at Stinson Beach, CA and the watershed study at Liberty Bay, WA. The tested compounds included 19 pharmaceuticals, three personal care products, two herbicides and one flame retardant. They encompassed a structurally diverse group of chemicals with a wide range of physicochemical properties, with Log Kow ranging -0.07 to 4.77 as well as acidic and basic properties. First, sediments from Stinson Beach, CA were used in batch microcosm experiments to assess biotransformation and sorption under conditions simulating an aerobic groundwater system and the nitrate and sulfate reducing conditions of a septic plume. Transformation was found, in general, to be slower under anaerobic conditions than aerobic conditions. Half-lives ranged from 4 days to longer than 365 days for all conditions. Sorption did not fit the commonly used hydrophobic models governed by Log Kow, indicating the significance of factors other than hydrophobicity. These factors may include hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction due to one or several polar functional groups. Second, the occurrence and transport of PPCPs in a single septic system along the California coast was documented. Findings indicated that many PPCPs were refractory and mobile under the conditions of a leach field contaminant plume. Finally, in a watershed scale study in Liberty Bay, Washington, the occurrence of PPCPs thought to originate from septic systems was evaluated. The findings are consistent with laboratory data and usage patterns. The overall results of this dissertation suggest that septic systems, which support 25% of the United States population, may be a significant source of PPCP contamination to groundwater and surface waters.
  • Digital
    David Makowski, François Piraux, François Brun.
    Springer2019
    Data analysis plays an increasing role in research, scientific expertise and prospective studies. Multiple data sources are often available to estimate a key parameter or to test a hypothesis of scientific or societal interest. These data, obtained under different environmental conditions or based on different experimental protocols, are generally heterogeneous. Sometimes they are not even directly accessible and should be extracted from scientific articles or reports. However, a comprehensive analysis of the available data is essential to increase the accuracy of estimates, assess the validity of research conclusions and understand the origin of the variability of the experimental results. A quantitative synthesis of the data set available allows for a better understanding of the effects of explanatory factors and for evidence-based recommendations. Designed as a methodological guide, this book shows the interests and limitations of different statistical methods to analyze data from experimental networks and to perform meta-analyses. It is intended for engineers, students and researchers involved in data analysis in agronomy and environmental science. Our objective is to present the main statistical methods to analyze data from experimental networks and scientific publications. Each chapter exposes one or more methods and illustrates them with examples processed with the R software. Data and R codes are provided and commented in order to facilitate their adaptation to other situations. The codes can be reused from the KenSyn R package associated with this book.
  • Digital
    edited by Olaf C.G. Adan, Robert A. Samson.
    Springer2011
    Preface -- 1. Introduction; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- 2. Water relations of fungi in indoor environments; O.C.G. Adan et al -- 3. Fungal growth and humidity fluctuations: a toy model; H.P. Huinink, O.C.G. Adan -- 4. The fungal cell; J. Dijksterhuis -- 5. Ecology and general characteristics of indoor fungi; R.A. Samson -- 6. Characteristics and identification of indoor wood-decaying basidiomycetes; O. Schmidt, T. Huckfeldt -- 7. Health effects from mold and dampness in housing in western societies: early epidemiology studies and barriers to further progress; J.D. Miller -- 8. Aerosolized fungal fragments; B.J. Green et al -- 9. Mycotoxins on building materials; K.F. Nielsen, J.C. Frisvad -- 10. WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mold; O.O. Hänninen -- 11. Moisture content measurement; B.J.F. Erich, L. Pel -- 12. The fungal resistance of interior finishing materials; O.C.G. Adan -- 13. Detection of indoor fungi bioaerosols; J.A. Scott et al -- 14. Mold remediation in North American buildings; P.R. Morey -- 15. Mold remediation in West-European buildings; T. Warscheid -- 16. Protection of wood; M.F. Sailer, W.J. Homan -- 17. Coating and surface treatment of wood; H. Viitanen, A.-C. Ritschkoff -- 18. Recommendations; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- Contributors -- Index.
  • Digital
    Lawrence A. Palinkas.
    Springer2020
    This timely text examines the causes and consequences of population displacement related to climate change in the recent past, the present, and the near future. First and foremost, this book includes an examination of patterns of population displacement that have occurred or are currently underway. Second, the book introduces a three-tier framework for both understanding and responding to the public health impacts of climate-related population displacement. It illustrates the interrelations between impacts on the larger physical and social environment that precipitates and results from population displacement and the social and health impacts of climate-related migration. Third, the book contains first-hand accounts of climate-related population displacement and its consequences, in addition to reviews of demographic data and reviews of existing literature on the subject. Topics explored among the chapters include: Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans Hurricane Maria and Puerto Rico The California Wildfires Fleeing Drought: The Great Migration to Europe Fleeing Flooding: Asia and the Pacific Fleeing Coastal Erosion: Kivalina and Isle de Jean Charles Although the book is largely written from the perspective of a researcher, it reflects the perspectives of practitioners and policymakers on the need for developing policies, programs, and interventions to address the growing numbers of individuals, families, and communities that have been displaced as a result of short- and long-term environmental disasters. Global Climate Change, Population Displacement, and Public Health is a vital resource for an international audience of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers representing a variety of disciplines, including public health, public policy, social work, urban development, climate and environmental science, engineering, and medicine.
  • Digital
    Kent E. Pinkerton, William N. Rom, editors.
    Springer2014
    Pulmonary physicians and scientists currently have minimal capacity to respond to climate change and its impacts on health. The extent to which climate change influences the prevalence and incidence of respiratory morbidity remains largely undefined. However, evidence is increasing that climate change does drive respiratory disease onset and exacerbation as a result of increased ambient and indoor air pollution, desertification, heat stress, wildfires, and the geographic and temporal spread of pollens, molds and infectious agents. Preliminary research has revealed climate change to have potentially direct and indirect adverse impacts on respiratory health. Published studies have linked climate change to increases in respiratory disease, including the following: changing pollen releases impacting asthma and allergic rhinitis, heat waves causing critical care-related diseases, climate driven air pollution increases, exacerbating asthma and COPD, desertification increasing particulate matter (PM) exposures, and climate related changes in food and water security impacting infectious respiratory disease through malnutrition (pneumonia, upper respiratory infections). High level ozone and ozone exposure has been linked to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, and acute lower respiratory infection. Global Climate Change and Public Health is an important new volume based on the research, findings, and discussions of US and international experts on respiratory health and climate change. This volume addresses issues of major importance to respiratory health and fills a major gap in the current literature.
  • Digital
    edited by David J. Gibson, Jonathan A. Newman.
    Cambridge2019
    "Grasslands and Climate Change Grasslands are the most extensive terrestrial biome on Earth and are critically important for forage, biodiversity, and ecosystem services. This book brings together an international team of researchers to review scientific knowledge of the effects of climate change on world grasslands, a process we are only just starting to understand. Part One assesses how climate change will impact on the distribution of grasslands, as well as production, biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem services. Part Two considers the consequences for the spread of invasive species, demographic change, trophic- level relationships, soil biota, and evolutionary change within grassland biodiversity. Part Three proposes how ecologists can respond to climate change effects, focusing on grazing systems, cultural ecology, range management, and restoration. The concluding chapter sets grasslands in the context of the Anthropocene era and identifies the vital research and conservation needs for grassland ecosystems to remain environmentally sustainable under climate change"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHOno. 1 (2004)
    Digital : WHOno. 2 (2005)
    Digital : WHOno. 3 (2005)
    Digital : WHOno. 4 (2007)
    Digital : WHOno. 5 (2008)
    Digital : WHOno. 6 (2008)
    Digital : WHOno. 8 (2010)
    The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) is leading a project to harmonize approaches to the assessment of risk from exposure to chemicals. The goal of this project is to globally harmonize approaches to risk assessment by increasing understanding and developing basic principles and guidance on specific chemical risk assessment issues. Harmonization enables efficient use of resources and consistency among assessments.--Website.
  • Digital
    edited by Robert I. Krieger.
    ScienceDirectv. 1-2, 2010
    The Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is a comprehensive, two-volume reference guide to the properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides that provides the latest and most complete information to researchers investigating the environmental, agricultural, veterinary, and human-health impacts of pesticide use. Written by international experts from academia, government, and the private sector, the Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is an in-depth examination of critical issues related to the need for, use of, and nature of chemicals used in modern pest management. This updated third edition carries on the book's tradition of serving as the definitive reference on pesticide toxicology and recognizes the seminal contribution of Wayland J. Hayes, Jr., co-Editor of the first edition. Feature: Presents a comprehensive look at all aspects of pesticide toxicology in one reference work. Benefit: Saves researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest definitive details on toxicity of specific pesticides as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles. Feature: Clear exposition of hazard identification and dose response relationships in each chapter featuring pesticide agents and actions Benefit: Connects the experimental laboratory results to real-life applications in human health, animal health and the environment. Feature: All major classes of pesticide considered. Benefit: Provides relevance to a wider variety of researchers who are conducting comparative work in pesticides or their health impacts. Feature: Different routes of exposure critically evaluated. Benefit: Connects the loop between exposure and harmful affects to those who are researching the affects of pesticides on humans or wildlife.
  • Print
    William H. York.
    Factors in health and wellness -- Education and training : learned and non-learned -- Religion and medicine -- Women's health -- Health in infancy, childhood, and old age -- Infectious disease in the premodern world -- Environmental and occupational hazards -- Surgery and manual operations -- The brain and mental disorders -- The apothecary and his pharmacopeia -- War and health -- Institutions and health -- Healing and the arts.
  • Digital
    Reiko Kishi, Philippe Grandjean, editors.
    Springer2020
    Intro -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Part I: Introduction -- Chapter 1: Impacts of Developmental Exposure to Environmental Chemicals on Human Health with Global Perspectives -- 1.1 The Minamata Disaster -- 1.2 Outbreak of the Second Minamata Disease (Niigata-Minamata Disease) -- 1.3 Pathological Differences Between Adults and Children -- 1.4 Impact of Fetal Minamata Disease: Why Are Fetuses and Children Vulnerable to Environmental Exposure? -- 1.5 Special Measures Act for Relief of Health Damage Related to Pollution 1.6 What Should We Learn from the History of Minamata Disease? -- 1.7 Yusho Outbreak (Kanemi Rice-Bran Oil Incident) -- 1.8 Authentic Birth Cohort Studies -- 1.9 "Our Stolen Future" Widens the Perspective -- 1.10 Full-Scale Birth Cohort Studies Launched in Japan from 2001 and 2002 -- 1.10.1 The First Prospective Cohorts in Japan -- 1.10.2 Endocrine Disruptions Caused in Utero -- 1.11 The Twenty-First Century is the Era of Birth Cohort Studies -- 1.12 Environment and DOHaD Paradigm -- References Part II: Adverse Health Effects on Human Developing Organs Caused by Environmental Chemicals-the Role That Chemicals Might Play -- Chapter 2: Environmental Exposures and Adverse Pregnancy-Related Outcomes -- 2.1 Adverse Pregnancy-Related Outcomes Overview -- 2.2 Definitions of Adverse Pregnancy-Related Outcomes -- 2.2.1 Miscarriage/Stillbirth -- 2.2.2 Preterm Birth (PTB) -- 2.2.3 Low Birth Weight (LBW) -- 2.2.4 Small for Gestational Age (SGA) -- 2.3 Risk Factors -- 2.3.1 Outdoor Air Pollution -- 2.3.2 Heavy Metals -- 2.3.3 Organochlorine Compounds 2.3.4 Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) -- 2.3.5 Polybrominated Diphenyl Esters (PBDEs) -- 2.3.6 Organophosphate Pesticides and Pyrethroid -- 2.3.7 Phthalates -- 2.3.8 Bisphenol A -- 2.4 Health Issues of Adverse Birth Outcomes -- 2.5 Summary -- References -- Chapter 3: Effects of Environmental Chemical Exposure on Birth Defects (Except Cryptorchidism and Hypospadias) -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Trends in the Prevalence of Birth Defects -- 3.3 Causes of Birth Defects -- 3.4 Mechanisms Associated with Birth Defects -- 3.5 Exposure to High Levels of Environmental Chemicals and Birth Defects 3.6 Exposure to Low Levels of Environmental Chemicals and Birth Defects -- 3.6.1 Dioxins, Dioxin-Like Compounds, and Pesticides -- 3.6.2 Perfluorinated Compounds -- 3.6.3 Organic Solvents -- 3.6.4 Air Pollutants -- 3.6.5 Nitro Compounds -- 3.6.6 Summary of Previous Epidemiological Studies -- 3.7 Future Epidemiological Studies -- 3.8 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4: Cryptorchidism and Hypospadias -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Cryptorchidism -- 4.3 Hypospadias -- 4.4 Lifestyles -- 4.4.1 Diet -- 4.5 Smoking/Alcohol -- 4.6 Effect of Environmental Chemicals -- 4.6.1 Phthalates
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2011
    Print2011
    1. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
  • Digital
    edited by Colin D. Butler, Jane Dixon, and Anthony G. Capon.
    JSTOR2015
  • Digital
    edited by Sam Ghebrehewet, Alex G. Stewart, David Baxter, Paul Shears, David Conrad, and Merav Kliner.
    Oxford Medicine Online2016
    A practical guide for practitioners working at all levels in public health and health protection. It is aimed at individuals training in health protection and public health including those with a non-specialist background.
  • Digital
    prepared by Maria Zorn, Scott Ratzen.
    NLM2000
  • Digital
    Meenakshisundaram Ramachandran, editor ; P. Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, assistant editor.
    ScienceDirect2015
    Epidemiology of cardiovascular toxins / Churchill Lukwiya Onen -- Cellular and molecular perspectives on cardiac toxins / Reza Tabrizchi -- Environmental toxins and the heart / Sahand Rahnama-Moghadam, L. David Hillis, and Richard A. Lange -- Problems and paradoxes of animal toxins and the heart / Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Plant toxins and the heart / Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Native medicines and cardiovascular toxicity / Ashish Bhalla, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity from marine envenomation / Benjamin Seymour, Athena Andreosso, and Jamie Seymour -- Cardiovascular toxicity of cardiovascular drugs / Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of psychotropic drugs / Mythily Subramaniam, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity of noncardiovascular drugs / Omi Bajracharya, P. Ravi Shankar, and Nisha Jha -- Cardiovascular toxicity from chemotherapy and anticancer treatment / Angela Esposito, [et al.] -- Association of human immunodeficiency virus infection with exposure to highly active antiretroviral therapy and its adverse cardiovascular effects / Steven E. Lipschultz, [et al.] -- Toxic effects of alcohol on the heart / Subroto Acharjee, Bhaskar Purushottam, and Vincent M. Figueredo -- The effects of active and passive smoking and cardiovascular disease / Mahmood Ahmad, Emmanuel Selvaraj, and Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of recreational drugs / Rohin Francis and Azad Ghuran -- Pediatric cardiovascular toxicity : special considerations / Jennifer A. Lowry -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of radiological imaging / Shah Sweni, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Nanomaterials and cardiovascular toxicity / Arghya Paul, [et al.] -- Forensic pathology related to cardiovascular toxicity / Magdy A. Kharoshah, [et al.] -- Ethics, legality, and education in the practice of cardiology / Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Subramanian Senthilkumaran.
  • Digital
    Gaspar Banfalvi.
    Springer2014
    Human homeostasis refers to complex interactions to regulate and maintain the internal conditions of the organism under stable condition. In spite of the progress made on cell growth and division, the circuits that coordinate these processes and maintain the homeostatic balance between cell growth and cell death have not been clarified. Deregulation of homeostatic processes results in different forms of imbalances that can turn to diseases including hepatitis, cyrrhosis and tumor formation. Abnormal growth of tissues can lead to a broad spectrum of neoplastic diseases from tissue swelling, primary tumor formation, cancer and ultimately to secondary tumors known as metastases. Tumor formation is a complex process, that develops through many steps. The discussion of balance and its loss in cell growth, primary and secondary tumor formation necessitate basic information in chemistry (carcinogenesis), biochemistry (metabolism), physics (instrumentation), cell biology (compartments), anatomy, physiology, clinical experience (screening, medical imaging, therapy). The focus of this book has been placed on: a) balance of cell growth, b) tumor formation, c) development of cancer and metastasis, e) diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The steps of the lymphatic type of metastatic tumor spread are described. Due to the interdisciplinary nature, the book gives information for a wide audience including biology, biotechnology, molecular, ecology, medical, pharmacist, chemist students. Additional information is provided for biomedical, pharma, medical and life scientists, physicians and health care professionals.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2010
    Print2010
    Household Use of Solid Fuels -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale -- -- High-temperature Frying -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale
  • Digital
    Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti.
    ScienceDirect2010
    The convergence of human and animal medicine / Laura H. Kahn, Bruce Kaplan, Thomas P. Monath -- Legal and ethical issues in human-animal medicine / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti -- Establishing a new approach to clinical health history / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti -- Sentinel disease signs and symptoms / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti -- Psychosocial and therapeutic aspects of human-animal interaction / Rebecca A. Johnson -- The built environment and indoor air quality / Clifford S. Mitchell [and others] -- Allergic conditions / Carol Norris Reinero, Clifford S. Mitchell, Peter M. Rabinowitz -- Toxic exposures -- Zoonoses -- Infectious disease scenarios -- Foodborne illness / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti -- Occupational health of animal workers / Ben Hur P. Mobo [and others] -- Public health and human-animal medicine / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti, Hugh M. Mainzer -- Shared strategies to maximize human and animal health / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti.
  • Digital
    Harold Zeliger.
    ScienceDirect2011
    In this important reference work, Zeliger catalogs the known effects of chemical mixtures on the human body and also proposes a framework for understanding and predicting their actions in terms of lipophile (fat soluble) / hydrophile (water soluble) interactions. The author's focus is on illnesses that ensue following exposures to mixtures of chemicals that cannot be attributed to any one component of the mixture. In the first part the mechanisms of chemical absorption at a molecular and macromolecular level are explained, as well as the body's methods of defending itself against xenobiotic intrusion. Part II examines the sources of the chemicals discusssed, looking at air and water pollution, food additives, pharmaceuticals, etc. Part III, which includes numerous case studies, examines specific effects of particular mixtures on particular body systems and organs and presents a theoretical framework for predicting what the effects of uncharacterized mixtures might be. Part IV covers regulatory requirements and the need to adjust recommended exposure levels for products containing mixtures. It also contains recommendations on how to limit exposure to mixtures in the products we use and on how to limit release of mixtures into the environment. Providing brief summaries of each mixture and its effects, Zeliger provides a comprehensive reference, a jumping off point for professionals (with extensive chapter bibliographies) and an introduction to the topic for those studying traditional toxicology. Addressing many inadequately understood illnesses and conditions such as asthma, infertility and cancer, it will also be of interest to health professionals, environmental scientists and lawyers. Presents a theoretical framework for predicting the effects of chemical mixtures for which no specific data exists (this predictive aspect is important due to the vast number of different potential chemical combinations - far too many to comprehensively catalog). A quick and convenient source of hard to come by data on the rapidly developing field of chemical mixtures, for groups including chemists and engineers, toxicologists, health professionals and environmental scientists. . New and updated material comprises over 30% of this timely new edition, which includes the latest research data alongside an expanded introduction to the science and art of predicting the toxicological properties of chemical mixtures.
  • Digital
    Blythe Anderson Layton.
    This work takes a multi-disciplinary approach to ocean and human health research by investigating illness/climate relationships through time series modeling and evaluating two microbial source tracking tools for human specificity. In each case the subject of the work is the California coast. In the first project, associations were characterized and modeled between four gastrointestinal illnesses and a number of climate factors across an eleven-year time series of data from Orange County, CA. The results suggest that incidence of gastrointestinal illness in Orange County may increase as a result of rising temperatures due to global climate change. The second project evaluated the use of Enterococcus species differentiation as a microbial source tracking tool in California recreational waters. The results indicate that no single Enterococcus species is a reliable indicator of the host fecal source; however, Enterococcus species composite 'fingerprints' may offer auxiliary evidence for bacterial source identification. The third project evaluated the distribution of the enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene in E. faecium in the Pacific coast environment as well as the distribution and diversity of the gene in Northern California animal hosts. The gene was found to be widespread in non-human animal feces and DNA sequence analysis revealed that esp gene sequences were not divergent between hosts. Overall, the work presented here indicates that gastrointestinal illness rates in California may increase over time, and that Enterococcus-based microbial source tracking methods are insufficient tools to assess risk from recreational water exposure.
  • Print
    Herman Koren.
    Status: Not Checked Out
  • Digital
    edited by Franz-Xaver Reichl, MD, Professor, Department of Operative/Restorative Dentistry, Periodontology, and Pedodontics, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Walther Straub Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany, Leonard Ritter, MD, Professor, School of Environmental Sciences, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada ; with contributions by Jochen Benecke [and thirteen others].
    Thieme MedOne Education2011
    This book serves as a hands-on guide to various poison treatments and offers supplemental public health information. Each two-page unit features concise text on the left complemented by full-color illustrations on the opposing page. The expert author distinguishes harmful toxic substances and catalogues their specific effects on the human body, plants, animals, and the surrounding environment. The handbook also addresses other topics, including biological warfare, modern toxicological methods, and threshold values. Features include: succinct, user-friendly organization so readers can navigate the content with ease; over 600 detailed images and diagrams arranged on 150 full-color plates illustrate exposures and toxicological effects on humans, plants, and animals; well-researched, objective risk analysis on toxic exposures accompanied by relevant images; extensive glossary of key toxicological terms that provide readers with the accurate information they need to avoid dangerous confusion.
  • Digital
    edited by Bernard Faye and Yuriy Sinyavskiy.
    Springer2008
  • Digital
    edited by Paul J. Beggs.
    Cambridge2016
    The authoritative assessment of the many climate change impacts on allergens and allergic diseases, for researchers, clinicians, students.
  • Digital
    Committee on Health Impact Assessment, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council, National Research Council of the National Academies.
    eBook Comp Acad2011
    "Many Americans believe that the United States has one of the best health-care systems in the world and that consequently Americans enjoy better health than most of the world's populations. The data, however, do not support that belief. In fact, the United States is ranked 32nd in the world in life expectancy even though it is ranked third in total expenditures on health care as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). Clearly, good health is determined by more than money spent on the health-care system. In fact, a growing body of research indicates that living conditions - including such factors as housing quality, exposure to pollution, and access to healthy and affordable foods and safe places to exercise - have a greater effect on health. That research highlights the importance of considering health in developing policies, programs, plans, and projects, including ones that may not appear at first to have an obvious relationship to health. Health impact assessment (HIA) has arisen as an especially promising way to factor health considerations into the decision-making process. It has been defined in various ways but essentially is a structured process that uses scientific data, professional expertise, and stakeholder input to identify and evaluate public-health consequences of proposals and suggests actions that could be taken to minimize adverse health impacts and optimize beneficial ones"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital
    Stefano Capolongo, Gaetano Settimo, Marco Gola, editors.
    Springer2017
    This interdisciplinary guide offers background, research findings, and practical strategies for assessing and improving air quality in hospitals and other healthcare settings. Positing good air quality as critical to patient and staff well-being, it identifies disease-carrying microbes, pollutants, and other airborne toxins and their health risks, and provides localized interventions for reducing transmission of pathogens. Effective large-scale approaches to air quality control are also outlined, from green building materials to hygienic HVAC and air treatment practices. Its thoroughness of coverage makes this book a vital resource for professionals involved in every aspect of health service facilities, from planning and construction to maintenance and management. Among the topics covered: Existing guidelines in indoor air quality: the case study of hospital environments Hospital environments and epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections Analysis of microorganisms in hospital environments and potential risks Legionella indoor air contamination in healthcare environments HVAC system design in healthcare facilities and control of aerosol contaminants Assessment of indoor air quality in inpatient wards Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Facilities imparts up-to-date expertise to a variety of professional readers, including hospitals' technical and management departments, healthcare facilities' chief medical officers, hospital planners, sport and thermal building designers, public health departments, and students of universities and schools of hygiene.
  • Digital
    Reiko Kishi, Dan Norbäck, Atsuko Araki, editors.
    Springer2020
    This volume discusses the effects of indoor air environment and pollution in modern buildings on human health. Highlighting epidemiological studies and the determining factors, it offers proposals for improving indoor air quality (IAQ) in different environments. Focusing not only on homes and offices, but also vehicles and aircrafts, it details practical methods of measuring and assessing indoor air quality. Written by pioneering researchers, Indoor Environmental Quality and Health Risk toward Healthier Environment for All is a valuable resource for both new and established researchers as well as students seeking a comprehensive overview of the facts on indoor air quality and health. Also is also of interest to hygiene experts in industry, occupational health and safety professionals, governmental public health sectors and school physicians.
  • Digital
    [edited by] Helga Rainer, Alison White and Annette Lanjouw.
    Cambridge2018
    Infrastructure development in Africa and Asia is expanding at breakneck speed, largely in biodiversity-rich developing nations. The trend reflects governments' efforts to promote economic growth in response to increasing populations, rising consumption rates and persistent inequalities. Large-scale infrastructure development is regularly touted as a way to meet the growing demand for energy, transport and food - and as a key to poverty alleviation. In practice, however, road networks, hydropower dams and 'development corridors' tend to have adverse effects on local populations, natural habitats and biodiversity. Such projects typically weaken the capacity of ecosystems to maintain ecological functions on which wildlife and human communities depend, particularly in the face of climate change. This title is also available as Open Access via Cambridge Core.
  • Digital/Print
    Sheffer, Marla.
    Digital : WHO2013
    Print2013

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