Books by Subject

Aerospace Medicine

  • Print
    Conrad Berens and L. Benjamin Sheppard.
    Status: Not Checked Out
  • Digital/Print
    IOMC, Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals.
    Digital : WHO2013
  • Digital/Print
    general editors, Melvin Calvin and Oleg G. Gazenko.
    Digital : Google BooksFulltext (v. 1 1975)
    Digital : Google BooksFulltext (v. 2 pt. 1 1975)
    Digital : Google BooksFulltext (v. 2 pt. 2 1975)
    Digital : Google BooksFulltext (v. 3 1975)
  • Digital
    Daniel Chávez-Clemente.
    The interest in using legged robots for a variety of terrestrial and space applications has grown steadily since the 1960s. At the present time, a large fraction of these robots relies on electric motors at the joints to achieve mobility. The load distributions inherent to walking, coupled with design constraints, can cause the motors to operate near their maximum torque capabilities or even reach saturation. This is especially true in applications like space exploration, where critical mass and power constraints limit the size of the actuators. Consequently, these robots can benefit greatly from motion optimization algorithms that guarantee successful walking with maximum margin to saturation. Previous gait optimization techniques have emphasized minimization of power requirements, but have not addressed the problem of saturation directly. This dissertation describes gait optimization techniques specifically designed to enable operation as far as possible from saturation during walking. The benefits include increasing the payload mass, preserving actuation capabilities to react to unforeseen events, preventing damage to hardware due to excessive loading, and reducing the size of the motors. The techniques developed in this work follow the approach of optimizing a reference gait one move at a time. As a result, they are applicable to a large variety of purpose-specific gaits, as well as to the more general problem of single pose optimization for multi-limbed walking and climbing robots. The first part of this work explores a zero-interaction technique that was formulated to increase the margin to saturation through optimal displacements of the robot's body in 3D space. Zero-interaction occurs when the robot applies forces only to sustain its weight, without squeezing the ground. The optimization presented here produces a swaying motion of the body while preserving the original footfall locations. Optimal displacements are found by solving a nonlinear optimization problem using sequential quadratic programming (SQP). Improvements of over 20% in the margin to saturation throughout the gait were achieved with this approach in simulation and experiments. The zero-interaction technique is the safest in the absence of precise knowledge of the contact mechanical properties and friction coefficients. The second part of the dissertation presents a technique that uses the null space of contact forces to achieve greater saturation margins. Interaction forces can significantly contribute to saturation prevention by redirecting the net contact force relative to critical joints. A method to obtain the optimal distribution of forces for a given pose via linear programming (LP) is presented. This can be applied directly to the reference gait, or combined with swaying motion. Improvements of up to 60% were observed in simulation by combining the null space with sway. The zero-interaction technique was implemented and validated on the All Terrain Hex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer (ATHLETE), a hexapod robot developed by NASA for the transport of heavy cargo on the surface of the moon. Experiments with ATHLETE were conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, confirming the benefits predicted in simulation. The results of these experiments are also presented and discussed in this dissertation.
  • Digital
    editors Brandon R. Macias, UC San Diego, USA, John H.K. Liu, UC San Diego, USA, Christian Otto, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA, Alan R. Hargens, UC San Diego, USA.
    World Scientific2017
    "Fluid distribution during spaceflight and impact on brain and vision health is an emerging field of high-priority research in the NASA human space program. International Space Station astronauts have developed ocular refraction changes during prolonged spaceflight. Within this book, experts review current data related to fluid shifts during microgravity exposure and the impact of fluid shifts on astronaut health. This work also compares current astronaut health problems with Earth-based health conditions such as elevated intracranial pressure and glaucoma. Chapters include discussion of altered fluid distribution, including intracellular and extracellular fluid shifts, eye morphology and vision disturbances, and intraocular pressure. In addition, chapters will include a discussion of advanced non-invasive technologies to investigate the abovementioned fluid volume and pressure variables. As such, the book aims to bridge health professionals, researchers, and science professionals by a presentation of ophthalmology topics critical to future human space exploration, thus providing new perspectives to solve emerging brain and eye disease on Earth and in Space."--Publisher's website.
  • Print
    Pescador del Hoyo, Luis.
    Status: Not Checked Out
    1. El vuelo de alta cota. Bibliografia (p. [187]-190).
  • Digital
    Erik Seedhouse.
    1. Introduction -- 2. Long Duration Flight Data -- 3. Earthbound and Microgravity Pathophysiology of Increased Intracranial Pressure -- 4. Papilledema and Microgravity-Induced Fluid Shift -- 5. The Role of Carbon Dioxide and Exercise -- 6. Diet and Personalized Medicine -- 7. Future Research -- Glossary -- Index.
  • Digital
    Hanns-Christian Gunga.
  • Digital
    edited by Michael Barratt, Sam Pool.
  • Digital
    Michael R. Barratt, Ellen S. Baker, Sam L. Pool, editors.
    In its first edition, Principles of Clinical Medicine for Space Flight established itself as the authoritative reference on the contemporary knowledge base of space medicine and standards of care for space flyers. It received excellent notices and is used in the curricula of civilian and military training programs and used as a source of questions for the Aerospace Medicine Certifying Examination under the American Board of Preventive Medicine. In the intervening few years, the continuous manning of the International Space Station has both strengthened existing knowledge and uncovered new and significant phenomena related to the human in space. The Second Edition incorporates this information. Gaps in the first edition will be addressed with the addition new and revised chapters. This edition is extensively peer reviewed and represents the most up to date knowledge. -- Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    Arnauld E. Nicogossian, Richard S. Williams, Carolyn L. Huntoon, Charles R. Doarn, James D. Polk, Victor S. Schneider, editors.
    PART I. Introduction to space medicine -- 1. Evolution of human capabilities and space medicine -- 2. The environment of space exploration -- 3. Living and working in space: an overview of physiological adaptation, performance, and health risks -- PART II. Spacecraft Environments -- 4. Toxicology -- 5. Microbiology -- 6. Acoustics and audition -- 7. Radiation health and protection -- PART III. Space Flight and Crew Health: Adaptation, Pathophysiology, Rehabilitation, and Countermeasures -- 8. Cardiopulmonary system: aeromedical considerations -- 9. Neurology -- 10. Regulatory physiology -- 11. Metabolism and nutrition -- 12. Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics -- 13. Musculoskeletal adaptation to space flight -- 14. Behavioral health and performance -- PART IV. Occupational Health and Safety Issues in Space Flight -- 15. Prinicples of crew health monitoring and care -- 16. International dimension of space medicine -- PART V. Ground-based and academic training programs -- 17. Simulations and analogs (test-beds) -- 18. Training in space medicine -- PART VI. Future Perspectives -- 19. Commercial space tourism and space as a biomedical laboratory.
  • Digital
    by Nick Kanas, Dietrich Manzey.
  • Digital
    Alexander Choukèr, editor.
    This book adopts an interdisciplinary approach in seeking to identify the impact of living conditions in space on the adaptation of the immune system.
  • Digital
    H.G. Stratmann.

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