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  • Book
    Shahzad G. Raja, editor.
    Digital : Springer2020
    Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Part I: Perioperative Care and Cardiopulmonary Bypass -- 1: Cardiac Catheterization -- History of Cardiac Catheterization -- Invasive Diagnostic Coronary Angiography -- Indications -- Pre-procedure Preparation -- Technical Aspects of the Procedure -- Access -- Pharmacology -- Catheter Selection and Manipulation -- Angiographic Views -- Post-procedure Care -- Sheath Removal and Closure Devices -- Coronary Angiogram Analysis -- Complications -- Right Heart Catheterization -- Indications -- Procedure -- Complications -- Interpreting Haemodynamics -- Right Atrium Right Ventricle -- Pulmonary Artery -- Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure -- Conclusion -- References -- 2: Fractional Flow Reserve -- Introduction -- Definitions -- How Was This Cut-Off Decided? -- FFR Compared to Other Non-invasive Diagnostic Techniques -- Limitations of Pressure Wire Measurements -- Intravascular Ultrasound and FFR -- Assessing Left Main Stem Stenosis Using FFR -- FFR Use Pre Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting -- Main Outcome Studies with FFR -- DEFER Trial [24] -- FAME Trial [9] -- FAME 2 Trial [10] -- COMPARE ACUTE Trial [27] -- Instantaneous Wave-Free Pressure Ratio (iFR) Conclusions -- References -- 3: Echocardiography -- Introduction -- Essential Ultrasound Theory for Echocardiography -- Modalities of Echocardiography -- Assessment of Myocardial Function -- Left Ventricular Systolic Function -- Changes in Volumes/Dimensions -- Indices of Global Contractility -- Systolic Strain -- Regional Contractile Function -- Right Ventricular Systolic Function -- Diastolic Function -- Assessment of Valve Pathology -- Aortic Stenosis -- Aortic Regurgitation -- Mitral Stenosis -- Mitral Regurgitation -- Tricuspid Valve Assessment -- Pulmonary Valve Assessment Infective Endocarditis -- Echo Findings in Endocarditis -- Pericardial Disease -- Masses -- Contrast Echocardiography -- Stress Echocardiography -- Stress Echo for Coronary Artery Disease -- Stress Echo for Aortic Stenosis -- Stress Echo for Mitral Regurgitation -- Other Indications for Stress Echocardiography -- Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE) -- Pre-operative TEE -- Intraoperative TEE -- Conclusions -- References -- 4: Cardiac Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Introduction -- Technology -- Computed Tomography (CT) -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Clinical Applications of CT and MRI -- Coronary Artery Disease -- Myocardial Ischaemia -- Myocardial Viability -- Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies -- Valvular Heart Disease -- Congenital Heart Disease -- Pericardial Diseases -- Cardiac Tumours -- Aortic Diseases -- Post-surgical Patient -- Conclusion -- References -- 5: Assessment of Myocardial Viability -- Introduction -- Assessment of Myocardial Viability -- Electrocardiogram (ECG) -- Baseline 2D Echocardiography -- Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography -- Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT)