Open Access Opens Doors
Are you considering using Open Access (OA) publishing?
Peer-reviewed high-impact journals abound, and a growing number of these are also Open Access (OA).
Since 2000, the number of published Open Access articles has grown at an average rate of 30% per year. This is nearly 10-fold the 3.5% annual increase in overall traditionally published articles. Traditional ‘subscription’ publishers are also launching Open Access journals as part of their portfolio.
These trends indicate that Open Access materials could very likely dominate academic publishing in the future.
All the benefits of peer review plus more
OA publishing is similar to traditional publishing in peer review requirements—OA published articles must pass a rigorous review to conform to scientific process standards as do traditionally published articles.
Additional benefits of OA published materials include expanded reader access and copyright ownership. The full text of OA published articles plus charts and other data addenda are searchable and available digitally with no barriers – no passwords, no subscription fees. As an author, this means that your article is widely accessible and can be read by anyone.
Articles published in traditional subscription-based journals are only available to people who subscribe (or whose libraries subscribe) to the journal. This limited access in the traditional publishing model is one reason for the recent NIH Public Access Policy which requires that all research supported by NIH funds be published in PMC, so that everyone can learn from this publicly-funded research. Learn more about how to meet the NIH requirement »
In the Open Access model, authors retain copyright to their materials versus signing it over to the publisher. Versions of the Creative Commons license represent the most standard licensing format for OA published materials.
What does it cost?
The cost of publishing exists in both the traditional and OA publishing models. Traditional publishers place the cost of publishing (peer review, editorial and production staff, computer networking, etc.) on readers – individuals and institutions that subscribe. This model limits the size of the audience to those who subscribe and also limits the number of articles that can be published to the production costs covered by subscription revenues.
Open Access publishers require authors (or their funders) to cover the cost of publishing. This model enables OA publishers to make the articles available at no cost to potential readers and also enables them to expand the number of articles published with the growth in authors and subject areas. The fee to publish an Open Access article ranges from ~ $800 to ~ $5000. Open Access publishers can be ‘for profit’ (such as BioMed Central or Hindawi) or ‘Not For Profit’ (such as the Public Library of Science).
Will I be cited?
A number of recent studies provide evidence that open access articles are cited more immediately and frequently. See:
open access journals have impact?
Sept. 13, 2011
Effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation
impact: a bibliography of studies
Last update Aug. 18, 2011
Journals Grow Amid Ongoing Debate
Where Should I Publish my Article?
- The Directory
of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Growing list of peer-reviewed journals published in over 100 countries; over 1300 journals from the United States alone; search by title or ISSN or browse by title or subject; links to each journal
Summary of permissions that are normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement
Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010,
Charles W. Bailey, Jr.Over 3,800 articles; books; a limited number of other textual sources useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts
Stanford Copyright Addendum
If your research falls under the NIH OA requirements, you must add an NIH compliant copyright addendum to the publisher's copyright agreement before you sign it.
The purpose of the addendum is to establish that the “Author retains the right to provide a copy of the final manuscript upon acceptance for publication to the NIH for public archiving in PMC as soon as possible but no later than 12 months after publication, in accordance with federal regulations.”
Stanford has two versions of the addendum.
Preferred: The Preservation Version
It includes the additional condition “Author retains the right to give a copy of the final manuscript to Stanford University for preservation purposes, and further that Stanford University may make a copy of the final manuscript available to the public in any media now known or hereafter created.”
Acceptable: The Basic Version
Use it if a publisher does not agree to the local preservation condition.
OA in the News
- Faculty of 1000 Introduces a Novel Open Access Publishing Venture: F1000 Research
MarketWatch; Jan. 31, 2012
- Public Works Act Prohibits Government Funders from Requiring Open Access to USG Grant-Funded
infojustice.org; January 8, 2012
- New Journal Edited by Life Scientists Hopes to Lure Prestige
The Chronicle of Higher Education; Nov. 27, 2011
- The New Einsteins Will Be Scientists Who Share
WSJ.com; Oct 29, 2011