search indicatorNeed Help?
Lane will be closed Saturday Sept. 20, 2014 all day for flood renovation work.
We will reopen at noon Sunday Sept. 21, 2014

Books by Subject

all 134 titles

World HealthAccess restricted to Stanford unless otherwise noted

  • Print Material
  • Community-associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus / Miller, L.G. -- Infections with organisms producing extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase / Paterson, D.L., Doi, Y. -- Fluoroquinolone resistance : challenges for disease control / Parry, C.M. -- Antibiotic resistance and community-acquired pneumonia during an influenza pandemic / Moore, M.R., Whitney, C.G. -- Promoting appropriate antimicrobial drug use in the outpatient setting : what works? / Belongia, E.A., Mangione-Smith, R., Knobloch, M.J. -- Reducing antimicrobial-resistant infections in health care settings : what works? / Rezai, K., Weinstein, R.A. -- Cost of antimicrobial resistance in healthcare settings : a critical review / Merz, L.R., Guth, R.M., Fraser, V.J. -- Mass treatment of parasitic disease : implications for the development and spread of anthelmintic resistance / Curcher, T.S. ... [et al.] -- Antifungal drug resistance : clinical importance, in vitro detection and implications for prophylaxis and treatment / Arthington-Skaggs, B.A., Frade, J.P. -- Preparing for HIV drug resistance in the developing world / Bennett, D.E.
  • General issues in antimicrobial resistance -- Global perspectives of antibiotic resistance -- Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance -- Poverty and root causes of resistance in developing countries -- What the future holds for resistance in developing countries -- Introduction of antimicrobial agents in resource-constrained countries: impact on the emergence of resistance -- Human impact of resistance -- Human immunodeficiency virus: resistance to antiretroviral drugs in developing countries -- Drug resistance in malaria in developing countries -- Drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- Antifungal drug resistance in developing countries -- Drug resistance in African trypanosomiasis -- Antimicrobial resistance in enteric pathogens in developing countries -- Bacterial-resistant infections in resource-limited countries -- Prevalence of resistant enterococci in developing countries -- Antimicrobial resistance in gram-negative bacteria from developing countries -- Resistance in reservoirs and human commensals -- Antimicrobial use and misuse -- Determinants of antimicrobial use: poorly understood-poorly researched -- Antimicrobial use and resistance in Africa -- Antimicrobial drug resistance in Asia -- Antimicrobial drug resistance in Latin American and the Caribbean -- Hospital infections by antimicrobial-resistant organisms in developing countries -- Cost, policy, and regulation of antimicrobials -- Economic burden of antimicrobial resistance in the developing world -- Strengthening health systems to improve access to antimicrobials and the containment of resistance -- Role of unregulated sale and dispensing of antimicrobial agents on the development of antimicrobial resistance in developing countries -- Counterfeit and substandard anti-infectives in developing countries -- Strategies to contain antimicrobial resistance -- Containment of antimicrobial resistance in developing countries and lessons learned -- Surveillance of antibiotic resistance in developing countries: needs, constraints and realities -- Vaccines: a cost-effective strategy to contain antimicrobial resistance -- Teaching appropriate antibiotic use in developing countries -- Containing global antibiotic resistance: ethical drug promotion in the developing world -- News media reporting of antimicrobial resistance in Latin America and India.
  • In the increasingly globalized twenty-first century, cross-cultural communication and knowledge of culturally informed health practices are critical skills for women's health providers. Around the Globe for Women's Health is a concise, culturally sensitive, and clinically relevant guide that aims to increase health equity through prevention and improved clinical care for women around the world. Case-based chapters highlight clinical issues (such as obstetric fistula, malaria, and postpartum hemorrhage) and barriers to care (the unmet need for family planning, or limited radiotherapy in low-resource countries, for example). Around the Globe for Women's Health is a must-have resource not just for physicians considering working in another country, but all providers seeking to provide better care for diverse populations of women within the United States.
  • Introduction. Headache disorders -- Epidemiology and burden -- Barriers to care -- Purpose of the atlas of headache disorders -- Methods. Questionnaire development -- Identification of respondents -- Data collection -- Data management and analysis -- Results. Data quality. Representativeness -- Limitations -- Data organization and presentation -- Themes. Epidemiology -- Impact on society, and national data -- Health-care utilization -- Diagnosis and assessment -- Treatment -- Professional training -- National professional organizations -- Issues -- The way forward.
  • This book captures the lessons learned from a variety of sectors: multi-sector planning, civil-military coordination, global health, communications, community, animal health, logistics, private sector, and travel and tourist--synthesizing key themes and lessons learned. Based on literature reviews conducted by technical specialists, each chapter identifies the most salient characteristics and lessons learned. Not surprisingly, many cross-cutting themes and lessons learned related to pandemic preparedness emerged.
  • Smallpox : eradicating an ancient scourge -- Oral rehydration salts : a miracle cure -- Mental health : unlocking the asylum doors -- The tobacco trap : fighting back -- AIDS : fear, stigma, and hope -- Tuberculosis : complacency kills -- Outbreak : the world's emergency room.
  • This book addresses whether or not calcium and magnesium ('hardness') in drinking water can contribute to preventing disease. It includes a comprehensive consensus view on what is known and what is not about the role and possible health benefit of calcium and magnesium in drinking-water. Also included is a series of chapters each authored by internationally renowned experts reviewing the state of the art in different aspects, including: global dietary calcium and magnesium intakes; the contribution of drinking water to calcium and magnesium intake; health significance of calcium and magnesium; role of drinking-water in relation to bone metabolism; epidemiological studies and the association of cardiovascular disease risks with water hardness and magnesium in particular; water production, technical issues and economics.--Publisher's description.
  • pt. 1. The study of disasters -- pt. 2. Causes of disasters -- pt. 3. Behavioral consequences of disasters -- pt. 4. Our models : applying a public health perspective.
  • The fundamentals : human rights and health -- Humanitarian medicine -- International, UN and WHO cooperation -- Disasters and conflicts -- Science, research and perspectives -- Society, health and equity.
  • This book addresses the impacts of current and future reproductive technologies on our world food production and provides a significant contribution to the importance of research in the area of reproductive physiology that has never been compiled before. It would provide a unique opportunity to separate the impacts of how reproductive technologies have affected different species and their contributions to food production. Lastly, no publication has been compiled that demonstrates the relationship between developments in reproductive management tools and food production that may be used a reference for scientists in addressing future research areas. During the past 50 years assisted reproductive technologies have been developed and refined to increase the number and quality of offspring from genetically superior farm animal livestock species. Artificial insemination (AI), estrous synchronization and fixed-time AI, semen and embryo cryopreservation, multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET), in vitro fertilization, sex determination of sperm or embryos, and nuclear transfer are technologies that are used to enhance the production efficiency of livestock species.
  • Part A. Report of WHO expert consultation on DDT rish characterization -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Consensus statement -- Part B. Hazard and exposure assessments -- 1. Summary and conclusions -- 2. Chemical identity -- 3. Exposure sources and metrics -- 4. Kinetics and metabolism -- 5. Hepatic effects and enzyme induction -- 6. Neurotoxicity -- 7. Immunotoxicity -- 8. Carcinogenicity -- 9. Genotoxicity -- 10. Endocrinological and reproductive effects -- 11. Hazard characterization -- 12. Exposure assessment.
  • Chapter 1. Identifying general requirements -- Chapter 2. Identifying detailed requirements -- Chapter 3. Selecting a solution -- Chapter 4. Implementing an electronic recording and reporting system .
  • Global effects and prevention of emerging and epidemic pathogens: cholera and citrus greening as examples -- Surveillance -- Epidemiological surveillance of highly pathogenic diseases in Kazakhstan -- Surveillance on plague in Natural foci in Georgia -- Application of modern techniques for studying bacterial pathogens in Georgia -- Especially dangerous infections in Azerbaijan -- Strengthening the early-warning function of the surveillance system: the Macedonian experience -- Integrating geographic information systems and ecological niche modeling into disease ecology: a case study of Bacillus anthracis in the United States and Mexico -- Molecular analysis and tools -- Applications of paleomicrobiology to the understanding of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases -- Characterization of a putative hemagglutinin gene in the caprine model for brucellosis -- Pathoadaptation of especially dangerous pathogens -- Detection of pathogens via high-throughput sequencing -- Environmental infuences on the relative stability of baculoviruses and Vaccinia virus: a review.
  • Emerging societies 2009, Karger
    Global changes in diet and activity patterns as drivers of the nutrition transition / Popkin, B.M. -- Regional case studies : India / Reddy, K.S. -- Regional case studies : China / Yin, S. -- Regional case studies : Africa / Prentice, A.M. -- Obesity in emerging nations : evolutionary origins and the impact of a rapid nutrition transition / Prentice, A.M. -- Prenatal origins of undernutrition / Christian, P. -- Postnatal origins of undernutrition / Prost, M.-A. -- Malnutrition, long-term health, and the effect of nutritional recovery / Sawaya, A.L. ... [et al.] -- The role of epigenetics in mediating environmental effects on phenotype / Morgan, D.; Whitelaw, E. -- Metabolism of methionine in vivo : impact of pregnancy, protein restriction, and fatty liver disease / Kalhan, S.C. -- Adiposity and comorbidities : favorable impact of caloric restriction / Ravussin, E.; Redman, L.M. -- Obesity, inflammation, and macrophages / Subramanian, V.; Ferrante, A.W., Jr. -- Obesity, hepatic metabolism and disease / Edmison, J.M.; Kalhan, S.C.; McCullough, A.J. -- Imperative of preventive measures addressing the life-cycle / Yajnik, C.S. -- New approaches to optimizing early diets / Polberger, S. -- Prevention of low birthweight / Alam, D.S. -- Community-based approaches to address childhood undernutrition and obesity in developing countries / Shetty, P.
  • Introduction to the guidelines. Purpose, target and scope -- Background -- A dual obligation, a quadruple imperative -- Indispensability of controlled medicines in contemporary medical practices -- Safety of controlled medicines -- Current availability -- Impediments to availability, accessibility and affordability -- Why and how to work with this document? -- Guidelines for ensuring balance in national policies on controlled substances. Content of drug control legislation and policy -- Authorities and their role in the system -- Policy planning for availability and accessibility -- Healthcare professionals -- Estimates and statistics -- Procurement -- Other -- Country assessment checklist.
  • Evidence for health 2013, Cambridge
    "Evidence for Health: From Patient Choice to Global Policy is a practical guide to evidence-informed decision-making. It provides health practitioners and policy-makers with a broad overview of how to improve health and reduce health inequities, as well as the tools needed to make informed decisions that will have a positive influence on health. Chapters address questions such as: What are the major threats to health? What are the causes of poor health? What works to improve health? How do we know that it works? What are the barriers to implementation? What are the measures of success? The book provides an algorithm for arriving at evidence-informed decisions that take into consideration the multiple contextual factors and value judgements involved. Written by a specialist in public health with a wealth of international experience, this user-friendly guide demystifies the decision-making process, from personal decisions made by individual patients to global policy decisions"--Provided by publisher.
  • Chapter 1. The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance: Introduction -- Chapter 2. Surveillance to track antimicrobial use and resistance in bacteria -- Chapter 3. Measures to ensure better use of antibiotics -- Chapter 4. Reducing antimicrobial use in animal husbandry -- Chapter 5. Infection prevention and control in health-care facilities -- Chapter 6. Fostering innovation to combat antimicrobial resistance -- Chapter 7. The way forward: political commitment to enable options for action -- Appendix 1. List of 2001 WHO Global Strategy for Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance recommendations -- Appendix 2. List of 2011 WHO World Health Day six-point policy briefs.
  • Provides an overview of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and how they devastate the poor, essentially trapping them in a vicious cycle of extreme poverty by preventing them from working or attaining their full intellectual and cognitive development.
  • "WHO's third decade was characterized by a sense of optimism, perhaps naive in retrospect. There was a feeling that progress was possible, not only in health, but in social and economic ways to improve individual and collective well-being. This optimism was reflected in the approval by the Thirtieth World Health Assembly in May 1977 of resolution WHA30.43, which stated that WHO's main social target for the coming decades should be for all citizens of the world to attain by the year 2000 a level of health to enable them to lead socially and economically productive lives."--Introduction, p. vii.
  • In the past decade the global financial assistance for AIDS responses increased tremendously and the donor community provided greater resources to community responses. Yet little is known about the global magnitude of these resources and their allocation among HIV and AIDS activities and services. To address this knowledge gap, this report pulls together evidence from several different sources (donor data bases, surveys of civil society organizations, country funding profiles) to determine, among other things, how funds are reaching civil society and community-based organizations, how these funds are being used, and the degree to which these organizations rely on other sources of funding.--Source other than Library of Congress.
  • The International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) is a unique project that brings together the regulatory authorities of Europe, Japan and the US and experts from the pharmaceutical industry in the three regions to discuss scientific and technical aspects of product registration. In Japan, the members are the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW), and the Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (JPMA). In Europe, the members are the EU (Representatives of the European Commission and the European Medicines Agency [EMA]), and the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA). In the United States, the members are the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). The International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations (IFPMA) is the secretariat of the ICH. Additional members include Observers from WHO, European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and Canada. The Observers represent non-ICH countries and regions. This volume considers one of ICH's major categories, Safety, covering topics relating to in vitro and in vivo pre-clinical studies (Carcinogenicity Testing, Genotoxicity Testing, etc.). Since the start of the ICH process, many guidelines have been written, but in most cases there is a lack of awareness of the many issues that were addressed during the development of the consensus guidances. Further, just as it is important to understand what the guidances state, it is also important to understand the thoughts, debates, and intent of the experts involved, which are not included in the guidance documents. Why has the guideline been written as it is written, why are some topics ignored, and why have some initial guidance proposals have been deleted. These and other related questions and answers are the contents of this book, written by experts who were directly involved in writing the ICH guidances that drive drug development today.
  • "This fourth volume of the Global Burden of Disease and Injuries Series provides the reader with information on the epidemiology and burden of major infectious and parasitic diseases. As with previous volumes of the Global Burden of Disease study, the chapters in this book detail the situation as experienced in the year 1990. Since then the epidemiology of some of the conditions described has changed, and where this is the case the authors have added a brief paragraph acknowledging this. The chapters therefore do not provide a detailed update on the current burden of disease, which is accommodated in the documentation of the Global Burden of Disease 2000 and published elsewhere."--Preface.
  • Section I. Theoretical and methodological issues -- High-risk versus population prevention strategies for NCDs: Geoffrey Rose revisited in the twenty-first century -- Current and future theoretical foundations for NCDs and health promotion -- The nature of causality: beyond traditional evidence -- Surveillance for NCDs and health promotion: an issue of theory and method -- Section II. Lenses for understanding NCDs -- Learning from the social sciences in chronic diseases health promotion: structure, agency and distributive justice -- Contextual factors in health and illness -- The social determinants of non-communicable diseases: a political perspective -- Risk factors: tobacco -- Physical inactivity and health promotion: evidence and challenges -- NGOs addressing NCDs through a health promotion lens -- Health literacy as a lens for understanding non-communicable diseases and health promotion -- From healthy public policy to intersectoral action and health-in-all policies -- Section III. Approaches to NCDs -- Population health intervention research: a fundamental science for NCD prevention -- Planning and management of cross-sectoral programs: strategies to address NCDs -- The public policy approach: governments, institutions, welfare states and social justice -- Accelerating action on NCDs: Understanding and applying a social determinants of health framework for changes -- Cardiovascular health, risk, and disease: primordial and remedial strategies -- Advocacy strategies to address NCDs: actions to increase the profile of physical activity -- Advocacy strategies to address NCDs: tobacco control -- Evidence synthesis to inform NCD prevention and health promotion -- Using evidence to inform NCD prevention and heal promotion -- The health promotion argument: NCDs and public health -- Public health, NDCs, health promotion, and business partnering: benefits, concerns, remedies, and moving towards creative partnering -- Section IV. Institutions and organizations -- Framing international trade and chronic disease -- Addressing NCDs through multilateral engagement at the United Nations: The role of WHO -- Governance, policy, and institutions -- NCDs and civil society: a history and a roadmap -- Developing health promotion workforce capacity for addressing non-communicable diseases globally -- Health promotion for NCDs in and by hospitals: a health promoting hospital perspective.
  • Global health diplomacy 2013, Springer
    The world's problems are indeed world problems: social and environmental crises, global trade and politics, and major epidemics are making public health a pressing global concern. From this constantly changing scenario, global health diplomacy has evolved, at the intersection of public health, international relations, law, economics, and management--a new discipline with transformative potential. Global Health Diplomacy situates this concept firmly within the human rights dialogue and provides a solid framework for understanding global health issues and their negotiation. This up-to-the-minute guide sets out defining principles and the current agenda of the field, and examines key relationships such as between trade and health diplomacy, and between global health and environmental issues. The processes of global governance are detailed as the UN, WHO, and other multinational actors work to address health inequalities among the world's peoples. And to ensure maximum usefulness, the text includes plentiful examples, discussion questions, reading lists, and a glossary. Featured topics include: The legal basis of global health agreements and negotiations.Global public goods as a foundation for global health diplomacy.Global health: a human security perspective.Health issues and foreign policy at the UN.National strategies for global health.South-south cooperation and other new models of development. A volume of immediate utility with a potent vision for the future, Global Health Diplomacy is an essential text for public health experts and diplomats as well as schools of public health and international affairs.
  • Global information warfare 2002, CRCnetBASE
  • Global perspectives on health promotion and effectiveness: an introduction / David V. McQueen and Catherine M. Jones -- The Global Programme on Health Promotion Effectiveness (GPHPE): a global process for assessing health promotion effectiveness with regional diversity / Catherine M. Jones ... [et al.] -- The IUHPE blueprint for direct and sustained dialogue in partnership initiatives / Catherine M. Jones and Maurice B. Mittelmark -- The Global Programme on Health Promotion Effectiveness: a case study of global partnership functioning / J. Hope Corbin and Maurice B. Mittelmark -- Policies for health: the effectiveness of their development, adoption, and implementation / Evelyne de Leeuw -- Strengthening the evidence base for mental health promotion / Margaret M. Barry ... [et al.] -- Effectiveness and challenges for promoting physical activity globally / Trevor Shilton ... [et al.] -- School health promotion: achievements, challenges, and priorities / Lawrence St. Leger ... [et al.] -- Health promotion to prevent obesity: evidence and policy needs / Tim Lobstein and Boyd Swinburn -- Effective health promotion against tobacco use / Karen Slama ... [et al.] -- Effectiveness of health promotion in preventing alcohol related harm / Peter Howat ... [et al.] --Globalization and health promotion: the evidence challenge / Ronald Labonte -- Urbanization and health promotion: challenges and opportunities / Andrea Neiman and Mary Hall -- Community interventions on social determinants of health: focusing the evidence / Marilyn Metzler ... [et al.] -- Strengthening peace-building through health promotion: development of a framework / Anne W. Bunde-Birouste and Jan E. Ritchie -- The role of governance in health promotion effectiveness / Marilyn Wise -- Evidence and theory: continuing debates on evidence and effectiveness / David V. McQueen -- Measurement and effectiveness: methodological considerations, issues, and possible solutions / Stefano Campostrini -- Healthy settings: building evidence for the effectiveness of whole system health promotion--challenges and future directions / Mark Dooris ... [et al.] -- Feasibility for health promotion under various decision-making contexts / Ligia de Salazar -- Evaluating equity in health promotion / Louise Potvin, Pascale Mantoura, and Valéry Ridde -- Evaluation of empowerment and effectiveness: universal concepts? / Valéry Ridde, Treena Delormier, and Ghislaine Goudreau -- Enhancing the effectiveness and quality of health promotion: perspectives of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education / Maurice B. Mittelmark ... [et al.] -- Annex: Global Programme on Health Promotion Effectiveness: description and list of partners.
  • The idea of social capital emerged in the social science disciplines to explain puzzling phenomena such as why some communities fare better in crisis than others. As the field matures, it has been adapted to wide-ranging issues such as population health. This book presents the major research issues as well as nuanced theoretical discussion in keeping with an evolving field in Europe, Asia, and the U.S. Background chapters analyze how social capital manifests in neighborhoods, workplaces, and schools, and its relationship to health. The second half offers guidelines for improving population health at the social capital level, and examples of interventions, such as microfinance programs, in which enhanced social capital and health benefits are a significant by-product. And a number of contributors debate the problems of defining the concept and using the term at all.
  • Navigating the GPIRM -- Acronyms and abbreviations -- Contributors -- Foreword -- Executive summary -- Part 1. The threat of insecticide resistance -- 1.1 Malaria vector control today -- 1.2 Status of insecticide resistance -- 1.3 Potential effect of resistance on the burden of malaria -- 1.4 Available strategies for managing resistance -- Part 2. Collective strategy against insecticide resistance -- 2.1 Overall malaria community strategy -- 2.2 Country activities -- 2.3 Research agenda -- 2.4 enabling mechanisms -- 2.5 Financial cost -- Part 3. Technical recommendations for countries -- 3.1 Geographical areas with unknown levels of resistance -- 3.2 Geographical areas in which indoor residual spraying is the main form of vector control -- 3.3 Geographical areas in which LLINs are the main form of vector control -- 3.4 Geographical areas in which LLINs and IRs are already used in combination -- 3.5 Choosing alternative insecticides -- Part 4. Near-term action plan -- 4.1 Role of each stakeholder group -- 4.2 Action plan -- References -- Annex 1 Past use of malaria vector control tools -- Annex 2 Long-lasting insecticidal nets, indoor residual spraying and other vector control interventions -- Annex 3 History of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors -- Annex 4 Challenges in measuring the impact of insecticide resistance on the effectiveness of vector control -- Annex 5 example of 'tipping-point' in resistant Aedes mosquitoes -- Annex 6 selection pressure: role of public health, agriculture and other factors -- Annex 7 Implications of discriminating doses of insecticide on detection of resistance -- Annex 8 Main hypotheses used to model the impact of insecticide resistance on malaria burden -- Annex 9 use of insecticide resistance management strategies (rotations, combinations, mosaics and mixtures) -- Annex 10 Genetic research agenda -- Annex 11 Financial modelling -- Annex 12 Definitions.
  • "This publication presents a comprehensive perspective on the worldwide, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in member states. It represents a continuing effort by WHO to support member states with global information in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol and its health and social consequences"--Publisher's description.
  • The Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences. The report was launched in Geneva on Monday 12 May 2014 during the second meeting of the global network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of the global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol.--Publisher's description.
  • "This report sets out the statistics, evidence and experiences needed to launch a more forceful response to the growing threat posed by noncommunicable diseases. While advice and recommendations are universally relevant, the report gives particular attention to conditions in low- and middle-income countries, which now bear nearly 80% of the burden from diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. The health consequences of the worldwide epidemic of obesity are also addressed. The report takes an analytical approach, using global, regional and country-specific data to document the magnitude of the problem, project future trends, and assess the factors contributing to these trends. As noted, the epidemic of these diseases is being driven by forces now touching every region of the world: demographic aging, rapid unplanned urbanization, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles"--Publisher's description.
  • "Over 1.2 million people die each year on the world' roads, and between 20 and 50 million suffer non-fatal injuries. In most regions of the world this epidemic of road traffic injuries is still increasing. In the past five years most countries have endorsed the recommendations of the World report on road traffic injury prevention which give guidance on how countries can implement a comprehensive approach to improving road safety and reducing the death toll on their roads. To date, however, there has been no global assessment of road safety that indicates the extent to which this approach is being implemented. This Global status report on road safety is the first broad assessment of the status of road safety in 178 countries, using data drawn from a standardized survey conducted in 2008. The results provide a benchmark that countries can use to assess their road safety position relative to other countries, while internationally the data presented can collectively be considered as a global "aseline"against which progress over time can be measured. " - p. [v11]
  • This report provides legislation data last updated in 2011 and fatality data updated for 2010.
  • ch. 1. Introduction -- ch. 2. The burden of disease caused by TB -- ch. 3. TB case notifications and treatment outcomes -- ch. 4. Drug-resistant TB -- ch. 5. Diagnostics and laboratory strengthening -- ch. 6. Addressing the co-epidemics of TB and HIV -- ch. 7. Financing -- ch. 8. Research and development.
  • Globalization and health 2006, Springer
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. A conceptual framework for implementing the Guidelines -- 3. Health-based targets -- 4. Water safety plans -- 5. Surveillance -- 6. Application of the Guidelines in specific circumstances -- 7. Microbial aspects -- 8. Chemical aspects -- 9. Radiological aspects -- 10. Acceptability aspects: Taste, odour and appearance -- 11. Microbial fact sheets -- 12. Chemical fact sheets.
  • Front Matter -- Introduction -- Perspectives on Communication and Global Health. Theoretical Divides and Convergence in Global Health Communication / Silvio Waisbord, Rafael Obregon -- New Perspectives on Global Health Communication / Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Mohan J Dutta -- Rethinking Health Communication in Aid and Development / Elizabeth Fox -- Toward a Global Theory of Health Behavior and Social Change / Douglas Storey, maria elena Figueroa -- Theoretical Perspectives on and Approaches to Health Communication in a Global Context. The Impact of Health Communication Programs / Jane T Bertrand, Stella Babalola, Joanna Skinner -- Promoting Health through Entertainment-Education Media / William J Brown -- Interpersonal Health Communication / Rukhsana Ahmed -- Community Health and Social Mobilization / Catherine Campbell, Kerry Scott -- Health, News, and Media Information / Jesus Arroyave -- Using Complexity-Informed Communication Strategies to Address Complex Health Issues / Virginia Lacayo -- Community Media, Health Communication, and Engagement / Linje Manyozo -- Global E-health Communication / L Suzanne Suggs, Scott C Ratzan -- Managing Fear to Promote Healthy Change / Merissa Ferrara, Anthony J Roberto, Kim Witte -- Innovations in the Evaluation of Social Change Communication for HIV and AIDS / Ailish Byrne, Robin Vincent -- Case Studies of Applied Theory and Innovation. Mobile Phones / Katherine de Tolly, Peter Benjamin -- Social Marketing and Condom Promotion in Madagascar / W Douglas Evans, Kim Longfield, Navendu Shekhar, Andry Rabemanatsoa, Ietje Reerink, Jeremy Snider -- Participatory Health Communication Research / Karen Greiner -- Egypt's Initiative / Ron Hess, Dominique Meekers, J Douglas Storey -- Risk Communication and Emerging Infectious Diseases / Ketan Chitnis -- Journalism and HIV / gregory Alonso Pirio -- jovenHABLAjoven / jair vega Casanova, carmen R Mendivil Calder̤n -- Changing Gender Norms for HIV and Violence Risk Reduction / Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Ravi Verma -- Women's Health and Healing in the Peruvian Amazon / Ami Sengupta, Eliana Elias -- Positive Deviance, Good for Global Health / Arvind Singhal, Luc̕a Dur̀ -- Health Promotion from the Grassroots / mar̕a Beatriz Torres -- ₃Children can't wait₄ / Shereen Usdin, Nicola Christofides -- Crosscutting Issues. Capacity Building (and Strengthening) in Health Communication / Rafael Obregon, Silvio Waisbord -- Institutionalizing Communication in International Health / Jose Rimon, Suruchi Sood -- Communication and Public Health in a Glocalized Context / Thomas Tufte -- Conclusions: Rethinking the Field. Toward Social Justice in Directed Social Change / Srinivas R Melkote -- Conclusions / Silvio Waisbord, Rafael Obregon -- Index.
  • Healers abroad 2005, NAP
    Workforce and global health -- Confronting HIV/AIDS on the ground -- New routes of engagement against global HIV/AIDS -- Envisioning a U.S. Global Health Service -- Programs of the U.S. Global Health Service -- Forward planning.
  • Revitalising the public health evidence base: an asset model -- A salutogenic approach to tackling health inequalities -- A theoretical model of assets: the link -- Asset mapping in communities -- Assets based interventions: evaluating and synthesizing evidence of the effectiveness of the assets based approach to health promotion -- Resilience as an asset for healthy development -- How to assess resilience: reflections on a measurement model -- Measuring children's well-being: some problems and possibilities -- The relationship between health assets, social capital and cohesive communities -- Community empowerment and health improvement: the English experience -- Strengthening the assets of women living in disadvantaged situations: the German experience -- Sustainable community-based health and development programs in rural India -- The application and evaluation of an assets-based model in Latin America and the Caribbean: the experience with the healthy settings approach -- Parents and communities' assets to control under-five child malaria in rural Benin, West Africa -- Strengthening asset focused policy making in Hungary -- How forms in social capital can be an asset for promoting health equity -- Internal and external assets and Romanian adolescents' health: an evidence-based approach to health promoting schools policy -- Bringing it all together: the salutogenic response to some of the most pertinent public health dilemmas.
  • 1. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
  • Healthcare Overview 2012, Springer
    pt. I. Healthcare Systems Around the Globe -- pt. II. Female Health/Care -- pt. III. Traditional and Non-Conventional Medicine -- pt. IV. The Role of Laboratory Medicine in Healthcare -- pt. V. Economy of PPPM -- pt. VI. Ethics of PPPM.
  • Hidden cities 2010, WHO
    "The joint WHO and UN-HABITAT report, Hidden cities: unmasking and overcoming health inequities in urban settings, is being released at a turning point in human history. For the first time ever, the majority of the world's population is living in cities, and this proportion continues to grow ... The number of urban residents is growing by nearly 60 million every year. This demographic transition from rural to urban, or urbanization, has far-reaching consequences ... " - p. ix
  • Part 1. Transmission of HIV-1 infection to the infant through breastfeeding -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of HIV-1: Epidemiology and Global Magnitude / Mary Glenn Fowler, Athena P. Kourtis, Jim Aizire, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi and Marc Bulterys -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of Viruses Other than HIV-1 / Claire L. Townsend, Catherine S. Peckham and Claire Thorne -- Breastfeeding Among HIV-1 Infected Women: Maternal Health Outcomes and Social Repercussions / Elizabeth Stringer and Kate Shearer -- Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the Breastfed Infant / Chin-Yih Ou, Susan Fiscus, Dennis Ellenberger, Bharat Parekh and Christine Korhonen, et al. -- Part 2. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Virology -- Virologic Determinants of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Susan A. Fiscus and Grace M. Aldrovandi -- HIV-1 Resistance to Antiretroviral Agents: Relevance to Mothers and Infants in the Breastfeeding Setting / Michelle S. McConnell and Paul Palumbo -- Animal Models of HIV Transmission Through Breastfeeding and Pediatric HIV Infection / Koen K. A. Van Rompay and Kartika Jayashankar -- Antiretroviral Pharmacology in Breast Milk / Amanda H. Corbett -- Part 3. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Immunology -- The Immune System of Breast Milk: Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Properties / Philippe Lepage and Philippe Van de Perre -- B Lymphocyte-Derived Humoral Immune Defenses in Breast Milk Transmission of the HIV-1 / Laurent Bélec and Athena P. Kourtis -- Cellular Immunity in Breast Milk: Implications for Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 to the Infant / Steffanie Sabbaj, Chris C. Ibegbu and Athena P. Kourtis -- Part 4. Prevention of breast milk transmission of HIV-1 --Antiretroviral Drugs During Breastfeeding for the Prevention of Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 / Athena P. Kourtis, Isabelle de Vincenzi, Denise J. Jamieson and Marc Bulterys -- Immune Approaches for the Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Barbara Lohman-Payne, Jennifer Slyker and Sarah L. Rowland-Jones -- Non-antiretroviral Approaches to Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1: Exclusive Breastfeeding, Early Weaning, Treatment of Expressed Breast Milk / Jennifer S. Read -- Breast Milk Micronutrients and Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 / Monal R. Shroff and Eduardo Villamor -- Part 5. Research Implementation and Policy Related to Breastfeeding by HIV-1-Infected Mothers -- Historical Perspective of African-Based Research on HIV-1 Transmission Through Breastfeeding: The Malawi Experience / Taha E. Taha -- Breastfeeding and HIV Infection in China / Christine Korhonen, Liming Wang, Linhong Wang, Serena Fuller and Fang Wang, et al. -- The Role of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Infant and Young Child Feeding Guideline Development and Program Implementation / Michelle R. Adler, Margaret Brewinski, Amie N. Heap and Omotayo Bolu -- HIV-1 and Breastfeeding in the United States / Kristen M. Little, Dale J. Hu and Ken L. Dominguez -- Part 6. DEBATE: Should Women With HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? Balancing the Scientific Evidence, Ethical Issues and Cost-Policy Considerations -- Pendulum Swings in HIV-1 and Infant Feeding Policies: Now Halfway Back / Louise Kuhn and Grace Aldrovandi -- Should Women with HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? It Depends on the Setting / Grace John-Stewart and Ruth Nduati -- Part 7. The Epilogue -- The Future of Breastfeeding in the Face of HIV-1 Infection: Science and Policy / Marc Bulterys and Athena P. Kourtis.
  • Module 1. Target diseases -- Module 2. The vaccines -- Module 3. The cold chain -- Module 4. Ensuring safe injections -- Module 5. Planning immunization sessions to reach every infant -- Module 6. Holding an immunization session -- Module 7. Monitoring and using your data -- Module 8. Building community support for immunization.
  • "Half the world's people currently live in rural and remote areas. The problem is that most health workers live and work in cities. This imbalance is common to almost all countries and poses a major challenge to the nationwide provision of health services. Its impact, however, is most severe in low income countries. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) has therefore drawn up a comprehensive set of strategies to help countries encourage health workers to live and work in remote and rural areas. These include refining the ways students are selected and educated, as well as creating better working and living conditions. ... The guidelines ... complement the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, adopted by the Sixty-third World Health Assembly in May 2010. The Code offers a framework to manage international migration over the medium to longer term. The guidelines are a tool that can be used straight away to address one of the first triggers to internal and international migration - dissatisfaction with living and working conditions in rural areas. Together, the code of practice and these new guidelines provide countries with instruments to improve workforce distribution and enhance health services." - p. i
  • Infant feeding practices 2011, Springer
  • PART 1: Primary care for mental health in context -- Chapter 1. Primary care for mental health within a pyramid of health care -- Chapter 2. Seven good reasons for integrating mental health into primary care -- -- PART 2: Primary care for mental health in practice -- Introduction -- Argentina: Physician-led primary care for mental health in Neuquén province, Patagonia region -- Australia: Integrated mental health care for older people in general practices of inner-city Sydney -- Brazil: Integrated primary care for mental health in the city of Sobral -- Chile: Integrated primary care for mental health in the Macul district of Santiago -- India: Integrated primary care for mental health in the Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala State -- Islamic Republic of Iran: Nationwide integration of mental health into primary care -- Saudi Arabia: Integrated primary care for mental health in the Eastern Province -- South Africa: Integrated primary care services and a partnership for mental health primary care -- Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga Province, and Moorreesburg District, Western Cape Province -- Uganda: Integrated primary care for mental health in the Sembabule District -- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Primary care for mental health for disadvantaged communities in London -- -- Report conclusions -- -- Annex 1: Improving the practice of primary care for mental health
  • The use of structured frameworks in chemical risk assessment promotes transparent, harmonized approaches. This publication presents two IPCS frameworks originally published in Critical Reviews in Toxicology. Part 1 contains the IPCS Framework for Analyzing the Relevance of a Cancer Mode of Action for Humans, along with three case studies illustrating its application. Part 2 contains the IPCS Framework for Analyzing the Relevance of a Non-Cancer Mode of Action for Humans. The frameworks provide a means of ensuring a transparent evaluation of the data, identification of key data gaps and of information that would be of value in the further risk assessment of the chemical in question.--Publisher's description.
  • pt.1. IPCS/OECD key generic terms used in chemical hazard/risk assessment -- pt.2. IPCS glossary of key exposure assessment terminology
  • "WHO has developed this manual in order to strengthen the laboratory diagnosis and virological surveillance of influenza infection by providing standard methods for the collection, detection, isolation and characterization of viruses"--Publisher's description.
  • TheMassGeneral Hospital for Children Handbook of Pediatric Global Health is a concise resource for the ever-increasing number of health professionals involved in global health, many of whom spend a few weeks to months or even years providing medical care in resource-poor countries. This Handbook provides practical, evidence-based, hands-on guidance for managing and preventing childhood illnesses when resources are limited in low- and middle-income countries. It also offers a setting-specific understanding and management approaches to the major causes of childhood mortality, including pneumonia, diarrhea, birth asphyxia, complications of preterm birth, and neonatal sepsis. The Handbook providesan overview of childhood mortality, health systems, and the various stakeholders that play a role in the global health arena, and also contains chapters focusing on adolescents who are increasingly recognized as a unique population in whom interventions can go a long way in bothconsolidatingthe gains made in childhood and preventing adult disease. Finally, key topics in non-communicable diseases are covered, including trauma and injuries, pediatric mental health, child and adolescent rights, and oral health. Not meant solely for pediatricians, the Handbookis designed for generalists, specialists, doctors, nurses, other health care workers, and those in training. An indispensable reference for health professionals overseas, theHandbookwill also be a useful addition and resource for academic centers and universities in industrialized nations that are creating courses for trainees who will do clinical electives abroad during their training. .
  • A history of international cooperation in maternal and child health -- Global burden of disease among women, children, and adolescents -- Promotion of global perinatal health -- Maternal and child health in the organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD) countries -- Health system impacts on maternal and child health -- The environment and maternal child health -- Impact of wars and conflict on maternal and child health -- The impact of globalization on maternal and child health -- Gender equity: perspectives on maternal and child health -- Harmful traditional practices and women's health: female genital mutilation -- Abortion and postabortion care -- Malaria in women and children -- The global burden of childhood diarrhea -- Tuberculosis in childhood and pregnancy -- Impact of HIV on the health of women, children, and families in less developed countries -- Malnutrition and maternal and child health -- The global burden of obstetric fistulas -- Health challenges for women, children, and adolescents with disabilities -- Unintentional injuries in children -- Evidence-based maternal and child health -- A global perspective on teen pregnancy -- Progress and challenges in making pregnancy safer: a global perspective -- Global immunization challenge: progress and opportunities -- Adolescent health -- The global burden of child maltreatment -- Children in difficult circumstances -- Integrated management of childhood illness -- Planning, development, and maintenance of the MCH workforce -- An agenda for child health policy in developing countries.
  • People with mental health conditions comprise a vulnerable group -- Other vulnerable groups have high rates of mental health conditions -- Improving development outcomes: principles and actions -- All development stakeholders have important roles to play -- Conclusion.
  • "The World Health Organization launched Project Atlas in 2000. The objective of this project is to collect, compile and disseminate relevant information on mental health resources in countries. The first set of publications from the project appeared in October 2001; these were updated in 2005. These publications have already established themselves as the most authoritative source of such information globally. Responding to the continued need for accurate information, WHO has fully revised and updated the Atlas" -- Page 5.
  • The second volume on One Health explains in detail how to implement three key aspects of the One Health paradigm food safety and security, national plans for a holistic one health approach, and relevant new technologies and approaches. The fourteen chapters, each by an internationally recognized authority, are organized into three sections of four or five chapters each, that break new ground in clarifying precisely how One Health can become an operational reality in local, national and international public health initiatives. Section three begins with an international overview on food safety and security. The importance of a One Heath approach is then explained in relation to four specific problems?the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and pathogenic E.coli. Section four begins with the role of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in promoting One Health. The formulation and implementation of national plans for implementing the One Health paradigm are then set out for Africa, the Western Pacific, Southeast Asia and Mongolia. The final section of this two volume book is devoted to implementing new technologies and new approaches to One Health. A wide-ranging analysis considers the importance of climate change and a social-ecological systems approach, as well as how to operationalize One Health, how to move from emergency response to prevention at source, and how to implement an educational strategy that builds a foundation for One Health in emerging disease management. It is anticipated that this two volume book will become a benchmark for practitioners of One Health, empowering a balanced multidisciplinary approach to the complexities of the human-animal-environment interface.
  • One Health: its origins and future -- One Health and emerging infectious diseases: clinical perspectives -- The historical, present, and future role of veterinarians in One Health -- The importance of understanding the human-animal interface -- The human environment interface: applying ecosystem concepts to health -- Wildlife: the need to better understand the linkages -- The economic value of One Health in relation to the mitigation of zoonotic disease risks -- The application of One Health approaches to henipavirus research -- H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza in Indonesia: retrospective considerations -- Rabies in Asia: the classical zoonosis -- Japanese encephalitis: on the One Health agenda -- Cost estimate of bovine tuberculosis to Ethiopia -- The pandemic H1N1 influenza experience -- One Health: the Hong Kong experience with avian influenza -- Clostridium difficile infection in humans and piglets: a 'One Health' opportunity -- Men, primates, and germs: an ongoing affair -- Erratum to: Cost estimate of bovine tuberculosis to Ethopia -- Index.
  • Influenza pandemics are unpredictable but recurring events that can have severe consequences on societies worldwide. This revised WHO guidance publication on pandemic influenza preparedness and response acknowledges that pandemic preparedness is centered around health sectors planning but must also be broader. WHO therefore advocates a "whole-of-society" approach to sustainable and ethical pandemic preparedness while focusing in more detail on the role of the health sector. The roles of WHO and national governments are outlined to create a better understanding of how health and non-health sectors, both public and private, all contribute to pandemic preparedness.--Publisher's description.
  • The book revisits the causes of persisting undernutrition in India, but moves away from the usual focus on women and children to a broader view of the entire population. It estimates the economic losses resulting from ignoring undernutrition in the adult working population, and questions the current narrow focus of nutrition interventions, suggesting that a family-based approach may provide quicker results and long-term sustainability. It compares the best and worst performing states in the country to glean learnings from both successes and failures and emphasizes the need to hand over the ownership of nutrition outcomes from the state to the community and family for more sustainable results. The book is organized in three sections: Part 1 details the nutrition status of the population, regional variations in nutrition outcomes, and government response in terms of interventions. Part 2 reviews issues and concerns like gender discrimination, poor child nutrition status, ineffective implementation of government programmes in the field, and the possible impacts of emerging issues like climate change. Part 3 seeks solutions from both international and country experiences.
  • A. Introduction -- B. Passive or active pharmacovigilance? -- C. Spontaneous reporting -- D. Cohort event monitoring -- E. Data processing -- F. Special types of event -- G. Relationship/causality assessment -- H. Signal identification -- I. Strengthening the signal -- J. Identifying risk factors -- K. Analyses -- L. Differences between spontaneous reporting and cohort event monitoring -- M. Organization -- N. Communication -- Annex.
  • Background -- Scope, goal, objectives and target audience -- Global burden of NCDs -- Role of research in the implementation of the Global Strategy Action Plan -- Need for a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs to improve public health -- Achievable outcomes through a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs -- Process for the development of the WHO NCD research agenda. Initial phase of development of the WHO NCD research agenda -- Ranking process -- Finalization of WHO NCD research agenda -- Key domains for research. Major NCDs. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) -- Cancer -- Chronic respiratory diseases -- diabetes -- NCD risk factors. Tobacco control -- Nutrition, physical activity and obesity -- Cross-cutting domains. Primary health care approach for prevention and control of NCDs -- Social determinants and NCDs -- Genetics -- Promoting use of research findings to policies and practice for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases -- Top 20 priority areas for NCD research -- Key elements required for strengthening the research capacity of low- and middle-income countries for implementation of the WHO NCD research agenda.Contents of the compact disc: -- 1. Working papers -- 2. Reports of Meetings to develop the Prioritized NCD research agenda (2008-2010) -- 3. Lists of participants -- 4. List of other contributors and institutions that participated in the process of development and review of the prioritized NCD research agenda.
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) reports every two years on progress towards the drinking-water and sanitation target under Millennium Development Goal 7. This target calls for halving the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation between 1990 and 2015. Estimates presented in its 2012 update report describe the situation at the end 2010 and supersede those of the JMP update published in March 2010. The report brings welcome news: measured by the proxy-indicator consistently used by the JMP since 2000, the MDG drinking-water target was met in 2010, five years ahead of schedule. However, the job is far from done. An estimated 780 million still lacked safe drinking water in 2010, and the world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target. A reduction in urban-rural disparities and inequities associated with poverty; drinking-water coverage in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania; putting sanitation 'on track'; and universal coverage beyond 2015 all remain high on the development and public health agenda.--Publisher description.
  • Chapter 1. Understanding PFA -- Chapter 2. How to help responsibly -- Chapter 3. Providing PFA -- Chapter 4. Caring for yourself & your colleagues -- Chapter 5. Practise what you have learned.
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization convened a Joint Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption from 25 to 29 January 2010. The tasks of the Expert Consultation were to review data on levels of nutrients (long-chain omega-3 fatty acids) and specific chemical contaminants (methylmercury and dioxins) in a range of fish species and to compare the health benefits of fish consumption and nutrient intake with the health risks associated with contaminants present in fish. The Expert Consultation drew a number of conclusions regarding the health benefits and health risks associated with fish consumption and recommended a series of steps that Member States should take to better assess and manage the risks and benefits of fish consumption and more effectively communicate these risks and benefits to their citizens. The output of the Expert Consultation is a framework for assessing the net health benefits or risks of fish consumption that will provide guidance to national food safety authorities and the Codex Alimentarius Commission in their work on managing risks, taking into account the existing data on the benefits of eating fish. The Expert Consultation concluded the following: Consumption of fish provides energy, protein and a range of other important nutrients, including the long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs). Eating fish is part of the cultural traditions of many peoples. In some populations, fish is a major source of food and essential nutrients. Among the general adult population, consumption of fish, particularly fatty fish, lowers the risk of mortality from coronary heart disease. There is an absence of probable or convincing evidence of risk of coronary heart disease associated with methylmercury. Potential cancer risks associated with dioxins are well below established coronary heart disease benefits from fish consumption. When comparing the benefits of LCn3PUFAs with the risks of methylmercury among women of childbearing age, maternal fish consumption lowers the risk of suboptimal neurodevelopment in their offspring compared with the offspring of women not eating fish in most circumstances evaluated. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that do not exceed the provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) of 70 pg/kg body weight established by JECFA (for PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs), neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus is negligible. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that exceed the PTMI, neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus may no longer be negligible. Among infants, young children and adolescents, the available data are currently insufficient to derive a quantitative framework of the health risks and health benefits of eating fish. However, healthy dietary patterns that include fish consumption and are established early in life influence dietary habits and health during adult life.
  • "This overview outlines the statutory background for WHO's research, identifies the milestones in health research over five decades, and discusses issues of both process and programs. This report also includes accounts of regional efforts in health research"--Publisher's description.African region; Eastern Mediterranean region; European region; South East Asia region; Western Pacific region; Pan American Health Organization
  • Safe piped water 2004, WHO
    The microbiology of piped distribution systems and public health -- Minimizing potential for changes in microbial quality of treated water -- Design and operation of distribution networks -- Maintenance and survey of distribution systems -- Precautions during construction and repairs -- Small animals in drinking-water distribution systems -- Risk management for distribution systems.
  • "This book [is] part of a series of documents and tools supporting the IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) strategy"--P. [4] of cover.
  • "Provides informed practical means of achieving and sustaining zero transmission. It is designed as a road map, providing direction and options from which to choose an appropriate path. The Prospectus reviews the operational, technical, and financial feasibility for those working on the front lines and outlines the tools that can be considered for an elimination program." "[summary]"--Provided by publisher.
  • Strategic Urban Health Communication Charles C. Okigbo, editor People are bombarded with messages continuously and sorting through them constantly. In this milieu, critical ideas about health promotion and illness prevention are forced to compete with distracting, conflicting, even contradictory information. To get vital messages through, communication must be effective, targeted, artful-in a word, strategic. Strategic Urban Health Communication provides a road map for understanding strategy, enhancing strategic planning skills, and implementing strategic communication campaigns. Deftly written chapters link the art and science of strategic planning to world health goals such as reducing health inequities and eradicating diseases. Flexibility is at the heart of these cases, which span developed and developing countries, uses of traditional and digital media, and chronic and acute health challenges. And the contributors ground their dispatches in the larger context of health promotion, giving readers useful examples of thinking globally while working locally. Included in the coverage: Urbanization, population, and health myths: addressing common misconceptions. Integrating HIV/family planning programs: opportunities for strategic communication. The role of sports in strategic health promotion in low-income areas. The Internet as a sex education tool: a case study from Thailand. Advertising and childhood obesity in China. Health communication strategies for sustainable development in a globalized world. Balancing depth of understanding of audiences and methods of reaching them, Strategic Urban Health Communication is a forward-looking resource geared toward professionals and researchers in urban health, global health, and health communication.
  • "Injury accounts for a significant proportion of the world's burden of disease. Each year 5.8 million people die from injury and millions more are disabled. The response to this global health problem needs to include a range of activities, from better surveillance to more in-depth research, and primary prevention. Also needed are efforts to strengthen care of the injured. The World Health Organization (WHO) has responded to this need with a variety of actions. ... WHO collected this set of case studies, documenting success stories and lessons learned from several countries. Through this publication, WHO seeks to increase communication ... among those working in the field of trauma care in different countries worldwide."--p. iii.
  • "The second WHO report builds on the growing sense of optimism generated by the 2012 publication of the WHO roadmap. Commitments on the part of ministries of health in endemic countries, global health initiatives, funding agencies and philanthropists have escalated since 2010, as have donations of medicines from pharmaceutical companies and the engagement of the scientific community. This report marks a new phase and assesses opportunities and obstacles in the control, elimination and eradication of several of these diseases. Unprecedented progress over the past two years has revealed unprecedented needs for refinements in control strategies, and new technical tools and protocols. The substantial increases in donations of medicines made since the previous report call for innovations that simplify and refine delivery strategies. However, some diseases, including especially deadly ones like human African trypanosomiasis and visceral Leishmaniasis, remain extremely difficult and costly to treat. The control of Buruli ulcer, Chagas disease and yaws is hampered by imperfect technical tools, although recent developments for yaws look promising. The report highlights progress against these especially challenging diseases, being made through the development of innovative and intensive management strategies. innovations in vector control deserve more attention as playing a key part in reducing transmission and disease burden, especially for dengue, Chagas disease and the Leishmaniases. Achieving universal health coverage with essential health interventions for neglected tropical diseases will be a powerful equalizer that abolishes distinctions between the rich and the poor, the young and the old, ethnic groups, and women and men."--P. 4 of cover.
  • Summary -- Charge to the committee -- a prominent role for health in U.S. foreign policy -- Progress in global health can be achieved now -- Urgent opportunity for action -- Restructure the U.S. global health enterprise -- Mobilize financial resources for health -- Focus U.S. government efforts on health outcomes -- Advance U.S. strengths in global health knowledge -- Support and collaborate with the WHO -- Call to action.
  • The U.S. Commitment to Global Health examines ways in which the United States could contribute to advances in global health, including the following four areas of action: Generate and share knowledge to address problems endemic to poor countries, Invest in people, institutions, and capacity building in resource-poor settings, Increase both quantity and quality of U.S. financial commitments to global health, Be a respectful partner and leader.
  • Part 1:Guidance document on characterizing and communicating uncertainty in exposure assessment --Part 2:Hallmarks of data quality in chemical exposure assessment.
  • Global health : past, present and future /Amir A. Khaliq and Raymond A. Smego, Jr. --The global burden of disease /Thuy D. Bui and William H. Markle --Epidemiology, biostatistics, and surveillance /Christopher Martin --The health of women/mothers and children /Judy Lewis, Monika Doshi, Deyanira Gonzalez de Leon, and Amany Refaat --Human trafficking /Clydette Powell --Environmental health in the global context /Jeffrey K. Griffiths and Edward Winant --Nutrition /Clydette Powell and John R. Butterly --Primary care in global health /Jeffrey F. Markuns and Alain J. Montegut --Malaria /Paul R. Larson and Mark W. Meyer --Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS /Lisa V. Adams and Godfrey B. Woelk --The neglected tropical diseases /Gregory Juckett --Emerging diseases and antimicrobial resistance /Arif R. Sarwari and Rashida A. Khakoo --Injury and global health /Jeffry P. McKinzie --Surgical issues in global health /Eileen S. Natuzzi, et al. --Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief /Sheri Fink, Vera Sistenich, and Clydette Powell --Aging populations and chronic illness /Wayne A. Hale, Jane D. Joubert, and Sebastiana Kalula --Global mental health : the world mental health surveys perspective /Jordi Alonso, Somnath Chatterji, Yanling He, Philip S. Wang, and Ronald C. Kessler --Global health communications, social marketing, and emerging communication technologies /Gary Snyder --Economics and global health /Kevin Chan --Health systems, management, and organization in global health /David Zakus, Onil Bhattacharyya, and Xiaolin Wei --Global health ethics /Anvar Velji and John H. Bryant --Education and careers in global health /Jessica Evert and Scott Loeliger.
  • "This publication addresses the broader issues of social cost-benefit analysis performed on options to invest in drinking-water supplies, with a focus on small community suppliers"--Back cover.
  • A timely exploration of the impact of global change on the emergence, reemergence, and control of vector-borne and zoonotic viral infections From massively destructive ""superstorms"" to rapidly rising sea levels, the world media is abuzz with talk of the threats to civilization posed by global warming. But one hazard that is rarely discussed is the dramatic rise in the number and magnitude of tropical virus outbreaks among human populations. One need only consider recent developments, such as the spread of chikungunya across southern Europe and dengue in Singapore, Brazil, and the so
  • "This document provides guidance for managing water supplies in buildings where people may drink water; use water for food preparation; wash, shower, swim or use water for other recreational activities; or be exposed to aerosols produced by water-using devices, such as cooling towers. These uses occur in a variety of buildings, such as hospitals, schools, child and aged care, medical and dental facilities, hotels, apartment blocks, sport centers, commercial buildings and transport terminals"--Publisher's description.
  • Introduction -- Removal processes -- Inactivation (disinfection) processes -- Performance models -- Treatment variability -- Process control.
  • "Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common. Schools, particularly those in rural areas, often completely lack drinking-water and sanitation and handwashing facilities; alternatively, where such facilities do exist they are often inadequate in both quality and quantity. Schools with poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and intense levels of person-to-person contact, are high-risk environments for children and staff, and exacerbate children's particular susceptibility to environmental health hazards. Children's ability to learn may be affected by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in several ways. These include helminth infections (which affect hundreds of millions of school-age children), long-term exposure to chemical contaminants in water (e.g. lead and arsenic), diarrhoeal diseases and malaria infections, all of which force many schoolchildren to be absent from school. Poor environmental conditions in the classroom can also make both teaching and learning very difficult. Girls and boys are likely to be affected in different ways by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in schools, and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities. Sometimes, girls and female teachers are more affected than boys because the lack of sanitary facilities means that they cannot attend school during menstruation. The international policy environment increasingly reflects these issues. Providing adequate levels of water supply, sanitation and hygiene in schools is of direct relevance to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals of achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and reducing child mortality. It is also supportive of other goals, especially those on major diseases and infant mortality." - p. iii
  • "The purpose of this publication is to provide its users with guidance to identify, acquire and use the information needed to assess chemical hazards, exposures and the corresponding health risks in their given health risk assessment contexts at local and/or national levels. The toolkit provides information for conducting a human health risk assessment, identifies information that must be gathered to complete an assessment and provides electronic links to international resources from which the user can obtain information and methods essential for conducting the human health risk assessment"--Publisher's description.
  • This landmark new report presents the first comprehensive worldwide analysis of tobacco use and control efforts. It provides countries with a roadmap to reverse the devastating global tobacco epidemic that could kill up to one billion people by the end of this century. The report outlines the MPOWER package, a set of six key tobacco control measures that reflect and build on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
  • Women and health 2009, WHO
  • "Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) blight the lives of a billion people worldwide and threaten the health of millions more. These ancient companions of poverty weaken impoverished populations, frustrate the achievement of health in the Millennium Development Goals and impede global development outcomes. A more reliable evaluation of their significance to public health and economies has convinced governments, donors, the pharmaceutical industry and other agencies, including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), to invest in preventing and controlling this diverse group of diseases. Global efforts to control "hidden" diseases, such as dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease), leprosy, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis and yaws, have yielded progressive health gains including the imminent eradication of dracunculiasis. Since 1989 (when most endemic countries began reporting monthly from each endemic village), the number of new dracunculiasis cases has fallen from 892 055 in 12 endemic countries to 3190 in 4 countries in 2009, a decrease of more than 99%. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends five public-health strategies for the prevention and control of NTDs: preventive chemotherapy; intensified case-management; vector control; the provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene; and veterinary public health (that is, applying veterinary sciences to ensure the health and well-being of humans). Although one approach may predominate for control of a specific disease or group of diseases, evidence suggests that more effective control results when all five approaches are combined and delivered locally." - p. vii
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Policies, strategies and targets for malaria control -- 3. Interventions to control malaria -- 4. Impact of malaria control -- 5. Elimination of malaria -- 6. Financing malaria control -- PROFILES -- 31 high-burden countries -- -- Annex 1. Methods for preparing the country profiles -- Annex 2. Reported malaria cases and deaths, 2008 -- Annex 3. A. Reported malaria cases, 1990--2008 -- Annex 3. B. Reported malaria deaths, 1990--2008 -- Annex 4. A. Recommended policies and strategies for malaria control, 2009 -- Annex 4. B. Antimalarial drug policy, 2009 -- Annex 5. Operational coverage of ITNs, IRS and antimalarial treatment, 2007--2008 -- Annex 6. A. Household surveys of mosquito nets ownership and usage, 2006--2008 -- Annex 6. B. Household surveys of antimalarial treatment, 2006--2008 -- Annex 7. Funding for malaria control, 2008
  • The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015 and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Policies, strategies, goals and targets for malaria control and elimination -- 3. Financing malaria control -- 4. Vector control for malaria -- 5. Preventive therapies for malaria -- 6. Diagnostic testing and treatment of malaria -- 7. Malaria surveillance -- 8. Changes in malaria incidence and mortality -- Regional profiles -- Country profiles -- Annexes.
  • "Child injuries have been neglected for many years, and are largely absent from child survival initiatives presently on the global agenda. Through this World report on child injury prevention, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and many partners have set out to elevate child injury to a priority for the global public health and development communities. The knowledge and experience of nearly two hundred experts from all continents and various sectors were invaluable in grounding the report in the realities faced in many countries. This World report on child injury prevention should be seen as a complement to the UN Secretary-General's study on violence against children released in late 2006. That report addressed violence-related or intentional injuries. Both reports suggest that child injury and violence prevention programmes need to be integrated into child survival and other broad strategies focused on improving the lives of children. Evidence demonstrates the dramatic successes in child injury prevention in countries which have made a concerted effort. These results make a case for increasing investments in human resources and institutional capacities. This would permit the development, implementation and evaluation of programmes to stem the tide of child injury and enhance the health and well-being of children and their families the world over. Implementing proven interventions could save more than a thousand children's lives a day." - p. vii
  • Understanding disability -- Disability: a global picture -- General health care -- Rehabilitation -- Assistance and support -- Enabling environments -- Education -- Work and employment -- The way forward: recommendations.
all 134 titles

Shortcut to Licensed Content

Lane Gateway to Licensed Content

Bookmark on other websites

Bookmark on Lane
  • Select "Add to Favorites" (click “Continue” if you see a security alert)
  • From the "Create in" menu, select “Links” (IE7) or “Favorites Bar” (IE8, IE9) to install
  • Once installed it will look like this
  • Click "Bookmark on Lane" to bookmark any webpage
  • Your saved bookmark will appear on this page

Shortcut for iPhone

Lane Gateway to Licensed Content

  • Drag this button to your Safari bookmarks bar
  • Open iTunes and sync your iPhone; make sure "Sync Safari Bookmarks" under iPhone Info tab is selected
  • To invoke the bookmarklet on your iPhone, open Safari and tap the "Bookmarks" icon
  • Tap "Bookmarks Bar"
  • Tap "Lane Proxy Bookmarklet"

What is it?

This shortcut (Lane proxy bookmarklet) gives you access to resources licensed by the library even when you're not coming from a Lane or a Stanford IP address.

While we'd like Lane to be your gateway to our licensed content, we recognize that links to books, articles and journals come from a variety of different sources (Google, your email, RSS reader, etc.).

Lane Proxy Bookmarklet in the Bookmarks Bar
Up arrow

When installed, it will look your browser bookmark.

At the page you would like to proxy, click the "Lane Gateway to Licensed Content" to invoke it.

If Lane licenses that content, you'll get access as if you were on campus.

How does it work?

This shortcut (Lane proxy bookmarklet) is a combination of a browser bookmark and a JavaScript application. In other words, it's a bookmark that can be programmed to do things. The Lane proxy bookmarklet simply prepends the Lane proxy URL to the current URL in your browser.

This allows you to view the URL as though you were on campus, giving you access to materials licensed for use by the Stanford academic community.

If you're not authenticated, you'll be prompted for your SUNetID and password.

Don't see the Toolbar, Bookmarks, or Links or Favorites bar?

FireFox

From the "View" menu, select "Toolbars" & choose "Bookmarks Toolbar"

Safari

From the "View" menu, choose "Show Bookmarks Bar"

Chrome

From the "View" menu, choose "Always Show Bookmarks Bar"

Internet Explorer

IE controller bar
  • Right-click in a clear area near the browser address bar
  • In the menu, check a box next "Links" (IE7) or "Favorites" (IE8, IE9)
  • Managing IE Favorites

Caveats

This shortcut (Lane proxy bookmarklet) only works with resources Lane has licensed and configured to work with our proxy server.

If invoked on a resource we do not license and/or have not yet configured, you will see an error message:

The Lane proxy server cannot complete your request because this host has not been configured properly.

We make no attempt to configure our proxy server for every resource, only those we license and for which a Stanford IP address grants access.

Drag this button onto your browser toolbar to install.

  • Right click this button
  • Select "Add to Favorites", click "Continue" if you see a security alert
  • In "Create in" menu, select "Links" (IE7) or "Favorites Bar" (IE8, IE9) to install

Drag this button onto Safari Bookmarks bar to install.

Largest, broadest eBook package; covers all sciences, as well as technology (including software), medicine, and humanities. In addition to covering Wiley and Springer, MyiLibrary is also the only provider for Oxford and Cambridge University Press titles. No seat restrictions.Largest, broadest eBook package; covers all sciences, as well as technology (including software), medicine, and humanities. In addition to covering Wiley and Springer, MyiLibrary is also the only provider for Oxford and Cambridge University Press titles. No seat restrictions.Large number of high quality software and database programming titles from O'Reilly. Other software titles are also available from Sams and Prentice Hall. Limited to 7 concurrent users.Vast collection of software and database programming titles from multiple publishers, including Microsoft Press.Largest provider of engineering-related eBooks; includes titles in computer science and biomedical engineering.Over 4,000 full-text e-books covering scientific and technical information from CRC Press and others. Many handbooks and single volume reference sources.A repository of medical knowledge from internal medicine, cardiology, genetics, pharmacy, diagnosis and management, basic sciences, patient care, and more. Continuously expanding, all databases in the repository contain the latest editions of selected medical titles.Includes peer-reviewed life science and biomedical research protocols compiled from Methods in Molecular Biology, Methods in Molecular Medicine, Methods in Biotechnology, Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuromethods, the Biomethods Handbook, the Proteomics Handbook, and Springer Laboratory Manuals.Contains full text access to selected biomedical and nursing books.Provides one-click access to important clinical resources; includes evidence-based diagnosis and treatment guidelines, Books, EBM articles, Ovid MEDLINE, Drug facts and comparisons, Drug interaction facts, guidelines from National Guideline Clearinghouse, patient handouts (English and Spanish), and local content.MD consult provides access to textbooks, electronic journals, practice guidelines, drug information, and patient education handouts.A collection of biomedical books that can be searched directly by concept, and linked to terms in PubMed abstracts.Provides online, full-text access to Springer's journal titles as well as journals from other publishers. Subjects include: life sciences, chemical sciences, environmental sciences, geosciences, computer science, mathematics, medicine, physics and astronomy, engineering and economics. Also includes eBooks.Collection of over 8 thousand fulltext titles in engineering, math, and basic and applied biomedical research. Coverage is from 1967 to the present.A library of ebooks on a wide array of topics, digitized and made available online in conjunction with the original publishers.