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  • This book is the first major work that addresses a core question in biomedical research: the question of acceptable risk. The acceptable level of risks is regulated by the requirement of proportionality in biomedical research law, which state that the risk and burden to the participant must be in proportion to potential benefits to the participant, society or science. This investigation addresses research on healthy volunteers, children, vulnerable subjects, and includes placebo controlled clinical trials.
  • "The probability for exposure to damaging radiation, toxic chemicals in the environment and adverse biological agents has increased exponentially today. The more frequent and faster travel that we experience today also escalates the risk of contraction and transmission of potentially deadly infections. This has created a very real and escalating risk for injuries and deaths. This is accentuated in the military and medical staff that is more frequently exposed to radiological, chemical, and biological agents in their normal working environment. Understanding the mechanisms whereby these toxic agents inflict damage to our bodies is essential to prepare us for these challenges. Much of the damage is inflicted through the generation of free radicals and non-radical oxidants which then act through oxidative mechanisms to injury the body. This volume will discuss the damage caused by these radiological, chemical, and biological environmental stressors, the mechanisms through which the damage can occur and the novel strategies that can be used to reduce the injury inflicted by these toxic compounds. Using basic and clinical research approaches, the contents of this book discuss new ideas for the development of bioactive products and environmental approaches to lessen or negate the biological damage inflicted by these noxious compounds."--Publisher's website.
  • This book examines the landmark 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) from the perspective that health policy innovation is translational research directed at improving health. It delineates a new perspective about the creation and potential impact of the ACA and guides the development of health policy that is supported by best evidence that, in turn, transforms into practice, policy, and public benefit. Told by those involved in the creation and implementation of the ACA, the book reviews the history and impact of this ground-breaking legislation and recommends priorities, objectives, and next steps for translational research as the ACA is implemented. Featuring contributions from nationally renowned leaders in healthcare policy, this book adds to the public conversation about the ACA and its role in shaping health policy and contributes to a more realistic, nuanced, and productive understanding of this ground-breaking legislation by physicians, policy makers, and the public. It also provides a framework for next steps in continuing to improve U.S. health policy.
  • The Singapore healthcare system : an overview -- High quality, low cost -- Helping patients pay -- Controlling costs -- Financing -- Design and infrastructure -- Investing in the future through medical education and research -- Facing the future.
  • Prologue --pt. 1.Foundations --1.Constructing categories : context and consequences --2.Methodological considerations --pt. 2.Constructs : their definition and use --3.Defining race, ethnicity and related constructs --4.Defining sex, gender, and sexual orientation constructs --5.Race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation in health --pt. 3.Assessing gender, ethnicity, and related constructs --6.Measures of ethnicity, ethnic identification, acculturation, and immigration status --7.Measures of sex, gender, gender role, and sexual orientation --Index.
  • Public health continues to evolve as professionals work not only to prevent disease and promote well-being but also to reduce health disparities and protect the environment. To a greater extent, policy is intimately linked to this process, a reality that is gaining traction in the public health sector.
  • Introduction. Headache disorders -- Epidemiology and burden -- Barriers to care -- Purpose of the atlas of headache disorders -- Methods. Questionnaire development -- Identification of respondents -- Data collection -- Data management and analysis -- Results. Data quality. Representativeness -- Limitations -- Data organization and presentation -- Themes. Epidemiology -- Impact on society, and national data -- Health-care utilization -- Diagnosis and assessment -- Treatment -- Professional training -- National professional organizations -- Issues -- The way forward.
  • Beyond human error 2006, CRCnetBASE
  • Three decades into the epidemic, a great deal is known about HIV and its transmission, more people are living with the disease, and the virus is no longer seen as a death sentence. But new people continue to be infected with HIV each year, making prevention strategies that are medically effective and behaviorally engaging as urgent a priority as ever. Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives assembles the latest improvements, barriers to implementation, and possibilities for--and challenges to--future progress. Innovations such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (antiretroviral regimens for the high-risk uninfected) and treatment as prevention (early use of ART to reduce infectiousness of new patients) are examined, as are current findings on ongoing prevention and treatment concerns. Contributors illuminate the complex realities entailing adherence, pointing out technological, behavioral, and cultural roadblocks as well as opportunities to significantly reduce infection rates.
  • The terrorist use of diseases as bioweapons has been one of the major security concerns in recent years, particularly after the anthrax letter attacks in the USA in 2001. This uncertain threat of intentional outbreaks of diseases exists side by side with the constantly changing very real threat from diseases, epidemics and pandemics as recently illustrated by the H1N1 influenza pandemic, SARS, and H5N1 bird influenza events. This publication contains case studies on the public health planning for (un)usual disease outbreaks for 11 large and small countries with a focus on South Eastern Europe. In many countries, military entities traditionally play an important role in emergency response to disease outbreaks. In smaller countries, very little exists, however, in terms of specific biopreparedness efforts (in both the military and civilian area), which is at least partly due to a relatively low bioterrorism threat perception, and serious resource constraints. The uncertainty associated with the bioterrorism threat makes public health preparedness planning for such events politically and financially very difficult. The similarity of responding to bioterrorism events and natural disease outbreaks from a public health point of view suggests the merit of looking at biopreparedness as a part of overall health emergency planning, not as a separate effort.
  • Bioterrorism sourcebook 2006, AccessMedicine
    Introduction to terrorism and bioterrorism -- A clinical approach to biological, chemical, and nuclear terrorism -- Clinicians' roles in public health preparedness and emergency response -- Environmental terrorism -- Surveillance systems and bioterrorism -- Vulnerable groups: a summary of relevant concerns -- Psychological effects of the BCN threat -- Toxicology and bioterrorism -- Legal and ethical issues -- A brief history of biological weapons -- Introduction to biological agents -- Smallpox (Variola major) -- Viral hemorrhagic fevers -- Anthrax -- Plague (Yersinia pestis) -- Tularemia (Francisella tularensis) -- Introduction to biotoxins -- Botulinum toxin -- Ricin -- Category B and C and additional agents -- Introduction to chemical weapons -- A brief history of chemical weapons -- Pulmonary agents -- Vesicants or blistering agents -- Nerve and incapacitating agents -- Blood agents -- A brief history of nuclear weapons and the atomic age -- An overview of radiation physics and injury -- Introduction to nucelar and radiation weapons -- Radiologic terrorism.
  • In our complex, fast changing society, health is strongly influenced by the continuously changing interactions between organisations and their employees. Three major fields contribute to health-oriented improvements of these interactions: occupational health, organizational health and public health. As currently only partial links exist amongst these fields, the book aims to explore potential synergies more systematically. Considering the high mental and social demands in a service and knowledge sector economy, the first part of the book focuses on work-related psychosocial factors. As a large proportion of inequalities in health in developed countries can be explained by inequalities in working conditions, those psychosocial factors with a particularly high public health impact are highlighted. As addressing these psychosocial factors requires to involve the organization as the key change agent, the second part covers approaches to improve public health through organizational level health interventions. The last section takes a look into the future of occupational, organizational and public health: what are the future challenges regarding occupational health and how can they be tackled within and beyond the organizational level. Overall, this integrating book will help to broaden the evidence-base, legitimacy and efficacy of occupational- and organizational-level health interventions and thus increase their public health impact.
  • Like other international jurisdictions, the Canadian health sector faces significant demands for change and improvement to meet the needs of the 21st Century. To achieve that goal, highly sophisticated and capable leaders are required across all dimensions of the health system. Bringing Leadership to Life in Health: LEADS in a Caring Environment examines the essence of leadership itself and what it means to be a leader in today's world. The authors describe key challenges that demand reform in the health sector, examine why better leadership is the source code for better system performance, and look at the issues that stand in the way of getting that leadership. This book describes the five domains of the Caring Environment capabilities framework: Lead Self, Engage Others, Achieve Results, Develop Coalitions, and Systems Transformation. Bringing Leadership to Life in Health: LEADS in a Caring Environment is a simple, easily accessible, and research informed book which will explain the LEADS in a Caring Environment capabilities framework that has been adopted across Canada as the foundation for health leadership talent management. This book will illustrate this framework through supportive research, relevant stories solicited from health leaders at all levels as well as the inclusion of "learning moments" to help the readers reflect on their own experiences.
  • Smallpox : eradicating an ancient scourge -- Oral rehydration salts : a miracle cure -- Mental health : unlocking the asylum doors -- The tobacco trap : fighting back -- AIDS : fear, stigma, and hope -- Tuberculosis : complacency kills -- Outbreak : the world's emergency room.
  • This book addresses whether or not calcium and magnesium ('hardness') in drinking water can contribute to preventing disease. It includes a comprehensive consensus view on what is known and what is not about the role and possible health benefit of calcium and magnesium in drinking-water. Also included is a series of chapters each authored by internationally renowned experts reviewing the state of the art in different aspects, including: global dietary calcium and magnesium intakes; the contribution of drinking water to calcium and magnesium intake; health significance of calcium and magnesium; role of drinking-water in relation to bone metabolism; epidemiological studies and the association of cardiovascular disease risks with water hardness and magnesium in particular; water production, technical issues and economics.--Publisher's description.
  • Who are the uninsured? / Howard Eng -- Why are people uninsured? ; The culture of poverty and the uninsured ; Health disparities and the uninsured ; Providers of care for the uninsured ; Chronic disease and the uninsured ; Medical homes (preferably "health home") and the uninsured / Nancy J. Johnson -- Medication assistance for the uninsured / Nancy J. Johnson and Janet S. Smith -- Medically uninsured refugees and immigrants / Lane P. Johnson -- Medically uninsured and the homeless / Jennifer Vanderleest -- Care of underserved people with mental illness / Francisco A. Moreno and Sarah Heron -- Medically uninsured older Americans / Lynne Tomasa -- Direct caregivers association: an option for a rapidly growing aging population? / Judith B. Clinco -- The rural uninsured ; Dental care for the uninsured / Lane P. Johnson -- Uninsured children at school / Fran Bartholomeaux and Nancy J. Johnson -- Building community collaborations around care for the uninsured / Nancy J. Johnson -- Information technology and medically uninsured / Theresa Cullen -- The role of government in providing health care to the uninsured / James E. Dalen -- Think nationally, act locally / Lane P. Johnson.
  • pt. 1. The study of disasters -- pt. 2. Causes of disasters -- pt. 3. Behavioral consequences of disasters -- pt. 4. Our models : applying a public health perspective.
  • Changing face of disease 2004, CRCnetBASE
    Emerging disease in the third epidemiological transition -- Life history perspectives on human disease -- The Evolution, transmission and geographic spread of infectious diseases in human populations: questions and models -- Genetic epidemiology of parasitic diseases -- Urban pollution, disease and the health of children -- Protecting pregnant women from malaria -- Interdisciplinary research on Schistosoma japonicum -- Unravelling gene-environment interactions in type 2 diabetes -- Investigating the "hidden" epidemic: sexual behaviour and representation of HIV/AIDS amongst business people and medical personnel in five Central and Eastern European nations -- The Evolution of disease and the devolution of health care for American Indians -- The Public's health: the changing role of public health -- Human behaviour and the changing pattern of disease.
  • Chlamydial infection 2013, Karger
    Epidemiology and prevention and control programs for chlamydia / C.L. Satterwhite, J.M. Douglas, Jr. -- Chlamydia trachomatis pathogenicity and disease / D. Dean -- Chlamydia trachomatis genome structure / T.E. Putman, D.D. Rockey -- Chlamydia trachomatis : molecular testing methods / C.A. Gaydos -- Treatment of chlamydia trachomatis infections / M.R. Hammerschlag -- The Immunologic Response to Urogenital Infection / R.M. Johnson, W. Geisler -- Chlamydia vaccine development / J.U. Igietseme, C.M. Black -- Maternal and infant chlamydia trachomatis infections / I.G.I.J.G. Rours, M.R. Hammerschlag -- Chlamydia trachomatis infection among sexual minorities / D. Singh, J.M. Marrazzo -- Lymphogranuloma venereum : a concise outline of an emerging infection among men who have sex with men / H.J.C. de Vries, S. Morré.
  • Clinical epidemiology 2009, Springer Protocols
    On framing the research question and choosing the appropriate research design / Patrick Parfrey and Pietro Ravani -- Longitudinal studies and determination of risk / Sean W. Murphy -- Modeling longitudinal data, I : principles of multivariate analysis / Pietro Ravani, Brendan Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- Modeling longitudinal data, II : standard regression models and extensions / Pietro Ravani, Brendan Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- The design of randomized controlled trials / Bryan M. Curtis, Brendan J. Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- Analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials / Robert N. Foley -- Evaluation of diagnostic tests / John M. Fardy -- Biomarkers and surrogates in clinical studies / Claudio Rigatto and Brendan J. Barrett -- Measurement and analysis of patient-reported outcomes / Klemens B. Meyer and Kimberly A. Clayton -- Bias in clinical studies of genetic diseases / Susan Stuckless and Patrick Parfrey -- Genetic epidemiology of complex phenotypes / Lynette Peddle and Proton Rahman.Qualitative research in clinical epidemiology / Deborah M. Gregory and Christine Y. Way -- Primer on systematic review and meta-analysis / Marcello Tonelli, Dan Hackman, and Amit X. Garg -- The role of health economics within clinical research / Braden J. Manns -- Development and limitations of clinical practice guidelines / Bruce Culleton -- Basics of health technology assessment / Daria O'Reilly, Kaitryn Campbell, and Ron Goeree -- Research ethics for clinical researchers / John D. Harnett and Richard Neumann -- Budgeting, funding, and managing clinical research projects / Elizabeth Hatfield, Elizabeth Dicks, and Patrick Parfrey.
  • What Is Community-Based Participatory Research? --Background Preparation for the CBPR Process --Beginning Partnerships with Communities --Finding Common Ground Within the Partnership --Sustaining the Partnership --Evaluating the Partnership and Enhancing Future Successes.
  • The fundamentals : human rights and health -- Humanitarian medicine -- International, UN and WHO cooperation -- Disasters and conflicts -- Science, research and perspectives -- Society, health and equity.
  • Converging disciplines 2011, Springer
    Introducing a transdisciplinary approach to applied urban health research -- Benefits and challenges of transdisciplinary research for urban health researchers -- In search of empowering health research for marginalized populations in urban settings: the value of a transdisciplinary approach -- Reducing health disparities experienced by refugees resettled in urban areas: a community-based transdisciplinary intervention model -- The Street Health Report 2007: community-based research for social change -- Safety as a social value: revisiting a participatory case study in Scotland -- Methodological notes on conducting transdisciplinary research -- Collaborative processes in transdisciplinary research -- From complex problems to complex problem-solving: transdisciplinary practice as knowledge translation -- Transdisciplinary training in health research: distinctive features and future directions -- Funding agencies and transdisciplinary research -- Moving forward: the future of transdisciplinary health research.
  • 1. The border region: its culture and health disparities -- 2. Understanding health disparities -- 3. A critique of U.S.-Mexico Border health interventions -- 4. Ethical issues in health interventions across contexts and cultures -- Index.
  • Introduction -- Specimen Collection and Handling -- Host Reactions to Infection -- Microbiology -- Gynecological Infections -- Pulmonary Infections -- Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Infections -- Urinary Tract Infections -- Central Nervous System Infections -- Hematologic Infections -- Breast, Skin, and Musculoskeletal Infections -- Head and Neck Infections -- Immunosuppressed Host -- Ancillary Investigations -- Mimics and Contaminants.
  • Part A. Report of WHO expert consultation on DDT rish characterization -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Consensus statement -- Part B. Hazard and exposure assessments -- 1. Summary and conclusions -- 2. Chemical identity -- 3. Exposure sources and metrics -- 4. Kinetics and metabolism -- 5. Hepatic effects and enzyme induction -- 6. Neurotoxicity -- 7. Immunotoxicity -- 8. Carcinogenicity -- 9. Genotoxicity -- 10. Endocrinological and reproductive effects -- 11. Hazard characterization -- 12. Exposure assessment.
  • Current economic, demographic, and environmental shifts are presenting major challenges to health care systems around the world. In response, decentralization--the transfer of control from central to local authorities--is emerging as a successful means of meeting these challenges and reducing inequities of care. But as with health care itself, one size does not fit all, and care systems must be responsive to global reality as well as local demand. Decentralizing Health Services explores a variety of applications of decentralization to health care delivery in both the developing and developed worlds. Outfitted with principles, blueprints, and examples, this ambitious text clearly sets out the potential role of decentralized care as a major player in public health. Its models of service delivery illustrate care that is effective, inclusive, flexible, and in tune with the current era of preventive and evidence-based healthcare. Contributors point out opportunities, caveats, and controversies as they: Clarify the relationships among decentralization, politics, and policy Differentiate between political, fiscal, and administrative decentralization in health care systems. Consider public/private partnerships in health systems. Explain how the effects of decentralization can be evaluated. Present the newest data on the health outcomes of decentralization. Explore some challenges and global issues of health systems in the 21st century. And each chapter features learning goals, discussion questions, activities, and recommendations for further reading. Heralding changes poised to revolutionize care, Decentralizing Health Services will broaden the horizons of researchers and administrators in health services, health economics, and health policy.
  • Prevention Science: An Epidemiological Approach -- Individual Physical, Cognitive, and Emotional Vulnerability Across the Life Course: Benchmarks and Developmental Challenges -- Benchmarks, Developmental Challenges, and Risks During the Prenatal and Infancy Period -- Childhood and the Entry into Adolescence: A Pivotal Period in Health-Related Behaviors and Prevention -- Adolescence and Early Adulthood -- Stressors and Vulnerabilities in Middle and Old Age: Opportunities for Prevention -- Environmental Influences and Implications for Intervention Development -- Family -- School Influences on Child and Youth Development -- Peer Networks -- Risk and Resilience Processes in Single-Mother Families: An Interactionist Perspective -- Environmental Influences: The Workplace and Mental Health-Models, Vulnerability Factors, and Interventions -- An Integrated Prevention Science Model: A Conceptual Foundation for Prevention Research -- Design of Prevention Interventions -- Implementation Science and the Effective Delivery of Evidence-Based Prevention -- Factors Affecting Implementation: Cultural Adaptation and Training -- Measuring Fidelity -- Research Design -- Translating the Intervention Approach into an Appropriate Research Design: The Next-Generation Adaptive Designs for Effectiveness and Implementation Research -- The Epidemiologic Case-Crossover and Case-Control Approaches in Prevention Research -- The Use of Simulation Models in Public Health with Applications to Substance Abuse and Obesity Problems -- Meta-analysis in Prevention Science -- Mixed Methods Research Design for Prevention Science: Methods, Critiques, and Recommendations -- Analytic Methods -- Latent Class Analysis in Prevention Science -- Discrete-Time Survival Analysis in Prevention Science -- Using Mediation and Moderation Analyses to Enhance Prevention Research -- Advances in Missing Data Models and Fidelity Issues of Implementing These Methods in Prevention Science -- Cost Analysis and Policy -- Economic Analysis and Policy Studies: Special Challenges in the Prevention Sciences -- Strengthening Prevention Science to Ensure Effectiveness of Intervention in Practice: Setting up an International Agenda.
  • Part 1. BIOTERRORISM PREVENTION -- Bioterrorism: A Potential Weapon for Terrorist Attacks Through Food and Water Contamination: Evolution of Our Understanding of the Use of Chemical and Bacteriological Weapons / Vincenzo Costigliola and Franco Quagliata -- Detection and Quantification of Bacteria and Fungi Using Solid-Phase Cytometry / Lies ME Vanhee, Eva D'Haese, Ils Cools, Hans J Nelis and Tom Coenye -- Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping of Akounq Groundwater Body, Armenia / Vahram Vardanyan and Artashes Aginian -- Part 2. BACTERIA DIAGNOSTIC TESTS -- Methods for Detection of Shiga-Toxin Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) / Jordan Madic -- Genetic Diversity of Enterococci in Bryndza Cheese / Roman Dušinský, Anna Belicová, Libor Ebringer, Dušan Jurkovič and Lívia Križková, et al. -- Salmonella Infections / Constantine Arvanitakis -- Molecular Diagnostics of Staphylococcus aureus / Jiří Doškař, Roman Pantůček, Vladislava Růžičková and Ivo Sedláček -- Molecular Methods to Detect Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis in Foods / Marisa Manzano, Lucilla Iacumin, Cristina Giusto and Giuseppe Comi -- Control of Listeria monocytogenes in San Daniele Dry Cured Ham by Different Technologies: Reduction of L. Monocytogenes in Dry Cured Ham / Lucilla Iacumin, Marisa Manzano, Milena Osualdini, Carlo Cantoni and Giuseppe Comi -- Part 3. VIRAL INFECTIONS -- Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Hepatitis B in the Mediterranean Region and Elsewhere / Nurdan Tözün, Özdal Ersoy, Fatih Eren and Veysel Tahan -- Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) - An Emerging Viral Pathogen / Avrelija Cencič and Walter Chingwaru -- Dengue Virus Diagnostics / Evgeni Eltzov, Danit Atias, Levi Gheber and Robert S. Marks -- Part 4. PARASITES AND FUNGI -- Infectious Forms of Parasites in Food: Man Embedded in Ecosystems / Eduardo Dei-Cas, Cécile-Marie Aliouat, Gabriela Certad, Colette Creusy and Karine Guyot -- Unusual Developmental Pattern of Expression of Enzymes Involved in DNA Biosynthesis in Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella pseudospiralis / Magdalena Dąbrowska, Barbara Gołos, Elżbieta Wałajtys-Rode, Patrycja Wińska and Joanna Cieśla, et al. -- Immunodulation and Helminths: Towards New Strategies for Treatment of Immune-Mediated Diseases? / Fabrizio Bruschi, Lorena Chiumiento and Gianfranco Del Prete -- Parasites and Oncogenesis with a Special Reference to Gastro-Intestinal Neoplasia Induced by Cryptosporidium parvum / C Creusy, G Certad, K Guyot and E Dei-Cas -- Smart Biosensors for Determination of Mycotoxines / Lyubov Yotova, Ivo Grabchev, Rossica Betcheva and Dessislava Marinkova.
  • Disasters and public health 2009, ScienceDirect
    General public health preparedness -- Bioterrorism -- Bombings and explosions -- Chemical disasters -- Earthquakes -- Floods -- Heat waves -- Hurricanes -- Nuclear and radiological disasters -- Pandemic influenza -- Thunderstorms and tornadoes -- Volcanoes -- Wildfires -- Winter storms.
  • Changing patterns of disease and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: an overview /Florence K. Baingana and Eduard R. Bos --Levels and trends in mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: an overview /Jacob Adetunji and Eduard R. Bos --Trends in child mortality, 1960 to 2000 /Kenneth Hill and Agbessi Amouzou --Levels and trends of adult mortality /Debbie Bradshaw and Ian M. Timaeus --Causes of death /Chalapati Rao, Alan D. Lopez, and Yusuf Hemed --Population and mortality after AIDS /Rodolfo A. Bulatao --Levels and patterns of mortality at INDEPTH demographic surveillance systems /Osman A. Sankoh ... [et al.] --Trends and issues in child undernutrition /Todd Benson and Meera Shekar --Diarrheal diseases /Cynthia Boschi-Pinto, Claudio F. Lanata, Walter Mendoza, and Demissie Habte --Developmental disabilities /Geoff Solarsh and Karen J. Hofman --Acute respiratory infections /Shabir A. Mahdi and Keith P. Klugman --Vaccine-preventable diseases /Mark A. Miller and John T. Sentz --Tuberculosis /Christopher Dye ... [et al.] --Malaria /Robert W. Snow and Judy A. Omumbo --Onchocerciasis /Uche Amazigo ... [et al.] --Maternal mortality /Khama O. Rogo, John Oucho, and Philip Mwalali --HIV/AIDS /Souleymane Mboup ... [et al.] --Lifestyle and related risk factors for chronic diseases /Krisela Steyn and Albertino Damasceno --Diabetes mellitus /Jean-Claude Mbanya and Kaushik Ramiaya --Cancers /Freddy Sitas ... [et al.] --Cardiovascular disease /Anthony Mbewu and Jean-Claude Mbanya --Mental health and the abuse of alcohol and controlled substances /Florence K. Baingana, Atalay Alem, and Rachel Jenkins --Neurological disorders /Donald Silberberg and Elly Katabira --Violence and injuries /Brett Bowman ... [et al.].
  • This bibliography has been compiled to explore the issues surrounding the use of distance education in public health, as well as to help define and describe the evidence base for advancing distance-based training programs. For purposes of the bibliography, distance learning is defined as "the delivery of instruction over a distance to individuals in one or more remote location(s) via audio, video, or computer technologies." In compiling the bibliography, a variety of databases as well as the Internet were searched for articles published within the past 6 years. Over 1000 citations were retrieved and reviewed. References were arranged into seven broad subject categories: Administration and Management; Evaluation; Legal/Regulatory Issues; Technology; Target Audiences; Library Services; and Web Resources. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive. It is intended to introduce the user to some of the major issues within distance education and lead to additional inquiry. Generally, articles in foreign languages, letters to the editor, editorials, and non-health related articles were not included. However, a few general distance education directories and articles on library services to support distance education programs are included."
  • An overview of healthcare disparities -- Provider factors in healthcare disparities -- Patient factors in healthcare disparities -- Healthcare system factors in healthcare disparities -- The social "nonmedical" determinants of health -- The role of the Internet in American life -- The iHealth revolution -- Digital disparities -- The role of eHealth in patient engagement and quality improvement -- Medical informatics -- Public health informatics -- Beyond traditional paradigms in disparities research -- Health information technology policy perspectives and healthcare disparities -- Disparities and eHealth: achieving the promise and the potential.
  • Chapter 1. Identifying general requirements -- Chapter 2. Identifying detailed requirements -- Chapter 3. Selecting a solution -- Chapter 4. Implementing an electronic recording and reporting system .
  • I. Underlying causes of healthcare disparities -- 1. Historical perspectives on healthcare disparities : is the past prologue? / Richard Allen Williams -- 2. Epidemiology of racial and ethnic disparities in health and healthcare / George A. Mensah and Maleeka J. Glover -- 3. Cultural diversity in medicine and in healthcare delivery / Richard Allen Williams -- II. Current problems -- 4. Healthcare and the politics of race / M. Gregg Bloche -- 5. Barriers to eliminating disparities in clinical practice: lessons from the IOM report "Unequal Treatment" / Joseph R. Betancourt and Angela Maina -- 6. Second-class medicine: implications of evidence-based medicine for improving minority access to the correct pharmaceutical therapy / Randall W. Maxey and Richard Allen Williams -- 7. The diversity benefit: how does diversity among health professionals address public needs? / Brian D. Smedley -- III. Approaches to correcting the problems -- 8. Eliminating disparities in healthcare through quality improvement / Kevin Fiscella -- 9. Eliminating racial discrimination in healthcare: a call for state healthcare anti-discrimination law / Vernellia R. Randall -- 10. Quality of care and health disparities: the evolving role of government / Garth N. Graham -- 11. The role of communities in eliminating healthcare disparities: getting down to the grass roots / JudyAnn Bigby -- 12. The potential impact of performance incentive programs on racial disparities in healthcare / Alyna T. Chien -- IV. Examples of what works -- 13. Monitoring socioeconomic determinants for healthcare disparities: tools from the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project / Nancy Krieger ... [et a.] -- 14. The Association of Black Cardiologists: a small-group success story / Richard Allen Williams -- 15. Breathe easy in Seattle: addressing asthma disparities through healthier housing / James W. Krieger ... [et al.] -- 16. Access Health Solutions: a minority physician network model that works / Kathy B. Jackson -- 17. Carolinas Association for Community Health Equity-CACHE: a community coalition to address health disparities in racial and ethnic minorities in Mecklenburg County North Carolina / Yele Aluko -- V. Concluding recommendations -- 18. Principles for eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare / John Z. Ayanian and Richard Allen Williams.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Investigative Toxicology: The State of the Art -- 3. Screening Technologies I: Human Cell-Based Approaches -- 4. Screening Technologies II: Toxicogenomics -- 5. Screening Technologies III: Metabolomics -- 6. Screening Technologies IV: Pharmacogenetics -- 7. Qualifying Biomarkers -- 8. Pharmacovigilance -- 9. Integration -- 10. The Future of Safety Science.
  • Foundation topics. Biology of aging / Teresa Dolinar. The history and demography of aging in the United States / Gail E. Souare, Linda S. Lloyd. Cultural diversity among elders in the US : meeting the challenge of the ethnogeriatric imperative / Gwen Yeo. Legal aspects of aging / Janet L. Lowder ... [et al.] The participation of cognitivelly impaired elderly in research / Sana Loue -- Topics in aging and public health.
  • Part 1. Immigrant Health Overview Chapters -- Immigration in the Global Context / Bettina Rausa, Linda S. Lloyd -- Immigration Processes and Health in the U.S.: A Brief History / Sana Loue -- Alternative and Complementary Medicine / Brenda L. Lovell, Jamileh Daneshnia, Christopher J. Fries -- Culture-Specific Diagnoses / Delaney Smith, Tara Mayes, Riley Smith -- Health Determinants / M. David Low, Barbara J. Low -- Occupational and Environmental Health / Doug Brugge, C. Eduardo Siqueira -- Methodological Issues in Immigrant Health Research / Patrick J. M. Murphy, Irin Rachel Allen , Mo-Kyung Sin -- Ethical Issues in Research with Immigrants and Refugees / Sana Loue -- Ethical Issues in the Clinical Context / Beatrice Gabriela Ioan -- Part 2. Immigrant Health Topics A-Z.
  • Introduction to the guidelines. Purpose, target and scope -- Background -- A dual obligation, a quadruple imperative -- Indispensability of controlled medicines in contemporary medical practices -- Safety of controlled medicines -- Current availability -- Impediments to availability, accessibility and affordability -- Why and how to work with this document? -- Guidelines for ensuring balance in national policies on controlled substances. Content of drug control legislation and policy -- Authorities and their role in the system -- Policy planning for availability and accessibility -- Healthcare professionals -- Estimates and statistics -- Procurement -- Other -- Country assessment checklist.
  • "Satellite imagery and data are widely used in public health surveillance to provide early warning of disease outbreaks and for averting pandemics. Convergence of these technologies began in the 1970s and has gained wide acceptance in the 21st Century. This book is written jointly by experts in both the health and Earth-science technologies. Each chapter is accompanied by an extensive list of citations to provide background and validation of the current state-of-the-art for a variety of high-interest human diseases and associated health and well-being issues. The importance of day-to-day weather patterns, the impacts of severe weather events and longer-term climate cycles form the basis for developing information systems that meet goals and expectations of national and international health monitoring bodies"--Provided by publisher.
  • Epigenetics and cancer 2013, Springer
    Systems and Network Biology to Investigate Epigenetic De-regulatory Mechanisms of MicroRNAs in Pancreatic Cancer /Irfana Muqbil, Fazlul H. Sarkar, Ramzi M. Mohammad --Role of MicroRNAs in Cancer Epigenetics /Kishore B. Challagundla, Petra Wise, Muller Fabbri --Epigenetic Regulation of EZH2 and Its Targeted MicroRNAs /Sandy Leung-Kuen Au, Irene Oi-Lin Ng, Chun-Ming Wong --Epigenetics and MicroRNAs in Renal Cancer /Shahana Majid ... [et al.] --Epigenetic Regulation of MicroRNA in Colon Cancer /Qiong Zhang, Mukesh Verma, Sharad Khare --Epigenetic Regulation of miRNAs in Breast Cancer Formation and Progression /Zhiqian Zhang ... [et al.] --Epigenetic Variations of Stem Cell Markers in Cancer /Sripathi M. Sureban, Dongfeng Qu, Courtney W. Houchen --Recent Updates on Epigenetic Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer /Karen Chiam, Tanya Kate Day, Tina Bianco-Miotto --Epigenetics and Racial Disparities in Prostate Cancer /Benjamin A. Rybicki --Epigenetic Signatures of Breast Cancer Genes /Shrikant Anant, Animesh Dhar, Satish Ramalingam --Exploiting Epigenetic Modifiers to Circumvent Melanoma Dual Resistance to TCR-Engineered Immunotherapy- and BRAF V⁶⁰⁰E-Kinase Inhibitor /Ali R. Jazirehi CLS, --The Role of Epigenetics in Radiation Therapy and the DNA Damage Response /Steven P. Zielske --Plant Polyphenols as Epigenetic Modulators of Glutathione S-Transferase P1 Activity /Vijay S. Thakur, Sanjay Gupta --Epigenetic Regulations of mRNAs and miRNAs by Nutraceuticals /Yiwei Li ... [et al.] --Towards Curative Cancer Therapy with Maspin: A Unique Window of Opportunity to Target Cancer Dormancy /Alexander Kaplun, M. Margarida Bernardo, Sijana Dzinic.
  • "Although epilepsy is one of the nation's most common neurological disorders, public understanding of it is limited. Many people do not know the causes of epilepsy or what they should do if they see someone having a seizure. Epilepsy is a complex spectrum of disorders that affects an estimated 2.2 million Americans in a variety of ways, and is characterized by unpredictable seizures that differ in type, cause, and severity. Yet living with epilepsy is about much more than just seizures; the disorder is often defined in practical terms, such as challenges in school, uncertainties about social situations and employment, limitations on driving, and questions about independent living. The Institute of Medicine was asked to examine the public health dimensions of the epilepsies, focusing on public health surveillance and data collection; population and public health research; health policy, health care, and human services; and education for people with the disorder and their families, health care providers, and the public. In Epilepsy Across the Spectrum, the IOM makes recommendations ranging from the expansion of collaborative epilepsy surveillance efforts, to the coordination of public awareness efforts, to the engagement of people with epilepsy and their families in education, dissemination, and advocacy for improved care and services. Taking action across multiple dimensions will improve the lives of people with epilepsy and their families. The realistic, feasible, and action-oriented recommendations in this report can help enable short- and long-term improvements for people with epilepsy. For all epilepsy organizations and advocates, local, state, and federal agencies, researchers, health care professionals, people with epilepsy, as well as the public, Epilepsy Across the Spectrum is an essential resource"--Publisher's description.
  • Evidence for health 2013, Cambridge
    "Evidence for Health: From Patient Choice to Global Policy is a practical guide to evidence-informed decision-making. It provides health practitioners and policy-makers with a broad overview of how to improve health and reduce health inequities, as well as the tools needed to make informed decisions that will have a positive influence on health. Chapters address questions such as: What are the major threats to health? What are the causes of poor health? What works to improve health? How do we know that it works? What are the barriers to implementation? What are the measures of success? The book provides an algorithm for arriving at evidence-informed decisions that take into consideration the multiple contextual factors and value judgements involved. Written by a specialist in public health with a wealth of international experience, this user-friendly guide demystifies the decision-making process, from personal decisions made by individual patients to global policy decisions"--Provided by publisher.
  • Chapter 1. The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance: Introduction -- Chapter 2. Surveillance to track antimicrobial use and resistance in bacteria -- Chapter 3. Measures to ensure better use of antibiotics -- Chapter 4. Reducing antimicrobial use in animal husbandry -- Chapter 5. Infection prevention and control in health-care facilities -- Chapter 6. Fostering innovation to combat antimicrobial resistance -- Chapter 7. The way forward: political commitment to enable options for action -- Appendix 1. List of 2001 WHO Global Strategy for Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance recommendations -- Appendix 2. List of 2011 WHO World Health Day six-point policy briefs.
  • "In Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth, the IOM assesses the relationship between youth fitness test items and health outcomes, recommends the best fitness test items, provides guidance for interpreting fitness scores, and provides an agenda for needed research. The report concludes that selected cardiorespiratory endurance, musculoskeletal fitness, and body composition measures should be in fitness surveys and in schools. Collecting fitness data nationally and in schools helps with setting and achieving fitness goals and priorities for public health at an individual and national level" Publisher's Summary (excerpt).
  • "WHO's third decade was characterized by a sense of optimism, perhaps naive in retrospect. There was a feeling that progress was possible, not only in health, but in social and economic ways to improve individual and collective well-being. This optimism was reflected in the approval by the Thirtieth World Health Assembly in May 1977 of resolution WHA30.43, which stated that WHO's main social target for the coming decades should be for all citizens of the world to attain by the year 2000 a level of health to enable them to lead socially and economically productive lives."--Introduction, p. vii.
  • Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in the theory and applications of pharmacodynamics of antimicrobial agents. On the basis of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling concepts it has become possible to describe and predict the time course of antimicrobial effects under normal and pathophysiological conditions. The study of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships can be of considerable value in understanding drug action, defining optimal dosing regimens, and in making predictions under new or changing pre-clinical and clinical circumstances. Not surprisingly, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling concepts are increasingly applied in both basic and clinical research as well as in drug development. Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics is designed as a reference on the application of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for the optimization of antimicrobial therapy, namely pharmacotherapy, and infectious diseases. The reader is introduced to various aspects of the fundamentals of antimicrobial pharmacodynamics, the integration of pharmacokinetics with pharmacodynamics for all major classes of antibiotics, from basic research to clinical situations.
  • China's concentrated HIV epidemic is on the brink of becoming a generalized one and syphilis infection has become a major public health threat. Social factors relating to gender and gender inequality exacerbate the spread of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in China. A better understanding of the proximate social determinants of HIV related to gender will be crucial to effectively curbing HIV and other STIs in China. Aspects of China's governance - including administrative procedures, the developing legal system, social institutions, and the public health infrastructure are instrumental in shaping strategies and responses to HIV. International studies suggest that women who are more economically and socially vulnerable may also have a greater risk of HIV infection, yet few initiatives have focused on discrete areas where achievable and sustainable gender policy measures could be linked to the public health response. This study presents perspectives ranging from criminology to social psychology to better understand how gender perspectives can inform HIV policy in the context of China. - Publisher's Description.
  • "The report presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). It shows, for the first time, global and regional estimates of the prevalence of these two forms of violence, using data from around the world. Previous reporting on violence against women has not differentiated between partner and non-partner violence."--Website.
  • Section I. Theoretical and methodological issues -- High-risk versus population prevention strategies for NCDs: Geoffrey Rose revisited in the twenty-first century -- Current and future theoretical foundations for NCDs and health promotion -- The nature of causality: beyond traditional evidence -- Surveillance for NCDs and health promotion: an issue of theory and method -- Section II. Lenses for understanding NCDs -- Learning from the social sciences in chronic diseases health promotion: structure, agency and distributive justice -- Contextual factors in health and illness -- The social determinants of non-communicable diseases: a political perspective -- Risk factors: tobacco -- Physical inactivity and health promotion: evidence and challenges -- NGOs addressing NCDs through a health promotion lens -- Health literacy as a lens for understanding non-communicable diseases and health promotion -- From healthy public policy to intersectoral action and health-in-all policies -- Section III. Approaches to NCDs -- Population health intervention research: a fundamental science for NCD prevention -- Planning and management of cross-sectoral programs: strategies to address NCDs -- The public policy approach: governments, institutions, welfare states and social justice -- Accelerating action on NCDs: Understanding and applying a social determinants of health framework for changes -- Cardiovascular health, risk, and disease: primordial and remedial strategies -- Advocacy strategies to address NCDs: actions to increase the profile of physical activity -- Advocacy strategies to address NCDs: tobacco control -- Evidence synthesis to inform NCD prevention and health promotion -- Using evidence to inform NCD prevention and heal promotion -- The health promotion argument: NCDs and public health -- Public health, NDCs, health promotion, and business partnering: benefits, concerns, remedies, and moving towards creative partnering -- Section IV. Institutions and organizations -- Framing international trade and chronic disease -- Addressing NCDs through multilateral engagement at the United Nations: The role of WHO -- Governance, policy, and institutions -- NCDs and civil society: a history and a roadmap -- Developing health promotion workforce capacity for addressing non-communicable diseases globally -- Health promotion for NCDs in and by hospitals: a health promoting hospital perspective.
  • Global orthopedics 2014, Springer
    Global Orthopedics: Caring for Musculoskeletal Conditions and Injuries in Austere Settings was conceived and written to be a unique reference for surgeons working in resource-limited environments. The first sections provide historical background, global public health perspectives of orthopedics, the role of culture, and a broad discussion of non-surgical and non-orthopedic clinical topics that are rarely encountered in high-resource settings but that affect orthopedic care. Adult and pediatric trauma are presented in an anatomical format for easy reference, with a focus on the natural history and the best treatment methods within existing limitations. The chapters on musculoskeletal infections provide a wealth of knowledge about these common debilitating conditions that is unavailable in any other single modern text. The non-infectious pediatric conditions section has been written for the non-specialist to handle selected developmental and early childhood orthopedic problems commonly seen in low-resource settings. Detailed chapters on reconstruction surgery, tumor management, amputations, and the orthopedic needs in the face of conflicts and natural disasters round out the text.
  • The idea of social capital emerged in the social science disciplines to explain puzzling phenomena such as why some communities fare better in crisis than others. As the field matures, it has been adapted to wide-ranging issues such as population health. This book presents the major research issues as well as nuanced theoretical discussion in keeping with an evolving field in Europe, Asia, and the U.S. Background chapters analyze how social capital manifests in neighborhoods, workplaces, and schools, and its relationship to health. The second half offers guidelines for improving population health at the social capital level, and examples of interventions, such as microfinance programs, in which enhanced social capital and health benefits are a significant by-product. And a number of contributors debate the problems of defining the concept and using the term at all.
  • The Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences. The report was launched in Geneva on Monday 12 May 2014 during the second meeting of the global network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of the global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol.--Publisher's description.
  • "This report sets out the statistics, evidence and experiences needed to launch a more forceful response to the growing threat posed by noncommunicable diseases. While advice and recommendations are universally relevant, the report gives particular attention to conditions in low- and middle-income countries, which now bear nearly 80% of the burden from diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. The health consequences of the worldwide epidemic of obesity are also addressed. The report takes an analytical approach, using global, regional and country-specific data to document the magnitude of the problem, project future trends, and assess the factors contributing to these trends. As noted, the epidemic of these diseases is being driven by forces now touching every region of the world: demographic aging, rapid unplanned urbanization, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles"--Publisher's description.
  • ch. 1. Introduction -- ch. 2. The burden of disease caused by TB -- ch. 3. TB case notifications and treatment outcomes -- ch. 4. Drug-resistant TB -- ch. 5. Diagnostics and laboratory strengthening -- ch. 6. Addressing the co-epidemics of TB and HIV -- ch. 7. Financing -- ch. 8. Research and development.
  • Organizational pathways to political incorporation : the role of coalitions -- Immigrant political power : claims-making coalitions and policy outcomes -- Research design for theory and practice -- Massachusetts and California : 2004-2007 -- Organizational analysis : process and outcomes -- Immigrant organizations and policy change : the future role of coalitions.
  • "... presents the public health significance of ships in terms of disease and highlights the importance of applying appropriate control measures"--Back cover.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. A conceptual framework for implementing the Guidelines -- 3. Health-based targets -- 4. Water safety plans -- 5. Surveillance -- 6. Application of the Guidelines in specific circumstances -- 7. Microbial aspects -- 8. Chemical aspects -- 9. Radiological aspects -- 10. Acceptability aspects: Taste, odour and appearance -- 11. Microbial fact sheets -- 12. Chemical fact sheets.
  • Handbook of biosurveillance 2006, ScienceDirect
    Pt. I. The challenge of biosurveillance. Introduction / Michael M. Wagner -- Outbreaks and investigations / Virginia Dato, Richard Shephard, and Michael M. Wagner -- Case detection, outbreak detection, and outbreak characterization / Michael M. Wagner, Louise S. Gresham, and Virginia Dato -- Functional requirements for biosurveillance / Michael M. Wagner, Loren Shaffer, and Richard Shephard -- Pt. II. Organizations that conduct biosurveillance and the data they collect. Governmental public health / Rita Velikina, Virginia Dato, and Michael M. Wagner -- The healthcare system / Michael M. Wagner, William R. Hogan, and Ron M. Aryel -- Animal health / Richard Shephard, Ron M. Aryel, and Loren Shaffer -- Laboratories / Charles Brokopp ... [et al.] -- Water suppliers / Jason R.E. Shepard ... [et al.] -- Food and pharmaceutical industries / Ron M. Aryel and T.V. (Sunil) Anklekar -- Coroners and medical examiners / Ron M. Aryel and Michael M. Wagner -- Other organizations that conduct biosurveillance / Michael M. Wagner ... [et al.] -- Pt. III. Data analysis. Case detection algorithms / Fu-Chiang Tsui ... [et al.] -- Classical time-series methods for biosurveillance / Weng-Keen Wong and Andrew W. Moore -- Combining multiple signals for biosurveillance / Andrew W. Moore ... [et al.] -- Methods for detecting spatial and spatio-temporal clusters / Daniel B. Neill and Andrew W. Moore -- Natural language processing for biosurveillance / Wendy W. Chapman -- Bayesian methods for diagnosing outbreaks / Gregory F. Cooper ... [et al.] -- Atmospheric dispersion modeling in biosurveillance / William R. Hogan -- Methods for algorithm evaluation / Michael M. Wagner and Garrick Wallstrom --Pt. IV. Newer types of surveillance data. Methods for evaluating surveillance data / Michael M. Wagner -- Sales of over-the-counter healthcare products / William R. Hogan and Michael M. Wagner -- Chief complaints and ICD codes / Michael M. Wagner ... [et al.] -- Absenteeism / Leslie Lenert ... [et al.] -- Emergency call centers / Ron M. Aryel and Michael M. Wagner -- The internet as sentinel / Michael M. Wagner, Heather A. Johnson, and Virginia Dato -- Physiologic and space-based sensors / Ron M. Aryel -- Data NOS (not otherwise specified) / Michael M. Wagner and Murray Campbell -- Pt. V. Decision making. Decision analysis / Agnieszka Onisko, Garrick Wallstrom, and Michael M. Wagner -- Probabilistic interpretation of surveillance data / Garrick Wallstrom, Michael M. Wagner, and Agnieska [sic] Onisko -- Economic studies in biosurveillance / Bruce Y. Lee ... [et al.] -- Pt. VI. Building and field testing biosurveillance systems. Information technology standards in biosurveillance / William R. Hogan and Michael M. Wagner -- Architecture / Jeremy Espino and Michael M. Wagner -- Advancing organizational integration: negotiation, data use agreements, law and ethics / M. Cleat Szczepaniak ... [et al.] -- Other design and implementation issues / Steve DeFrancesco, Kevin Hutchison, and Michael M. Wagner -- Project management / Neil Jacobson, Sherry Daswani, and Per H. Gesteland -- Methods for field testing of biosurveillance systems / Michael M. Wagner.
  • Front Matter -- Introduction -- Perspectives on Communication and Global Health. Theoretical Divides and Convergence in Global Health Communication / Silvio Waisbord, Rafael Obregon -- New Perspectives on Global Health Communication / Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Mohan J Dutta -- Rethinking Health Communication in Aid and Development / Elizabeth Fox -- Toward a Global Theory of Health Behavior and Social Change / Douglas Storey, maria elena Figueroa -- Theoretical Perspectives on and Approaches to Health Communication in a Global Context. The Impact of Health Communication Programs / Jane T Bertrand, Stella Babalola, Joanna Skinner -- Promoting Health through Entertainment-Education Media / William J Brown -- Interpersonal Health Communication / Rukhsana Ahmed -- Community Health and Social Mobilization / Catherine Campbell, Kerry Scott -- Health, News, and Media Information / Jesus Arroyave -- Using Complexity-Informed Communication Strategies to Address Complex Health Issues / Virginia Lacayo -- Community Media, Health Communication, and Engagement / Linje Manyozo -- Global E-health Communication / L Suzanne Suggs, Scott C Ratzan -- Managing Fear to Promote Healthy Change / Merissa Ferrara, Anthony J Roberto, Kim Witte -- Innovations in the Evaluation of Social Change Communication for HIV and AIDS / Ailish Byrne, Robin Vincent -- Case Studies of Applied Theory and Innovation. Mobile Phones / Katherine de Tolly, Peter Benjamin -- Social Marketing and Condom Promotion in Madagascar / W Douglas Evans, Kim Longfield, Navendu Shekhar, Andry Rabemanatsoa, Ietje Reerink, Jeremy Snider -- Participatory Health Communication Research / Karen Greiner -- Egypt's Initiative / Ron Hess, Dominique Meekers, J Douglas Storey -- Risk Communication and Emerging Infectious Diseases / Ketan Chitnis -- Journalism and HIV / gregory Alonso Pirio -- jovenHABLAjoven / jair vega Casanova, carmen R Mendivil Calder̤n -- Changing Gender Norms for HIV and Violence Risk Reduction / Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Ravi Verma -- Women's Health and Healing in the Peruvian Amazon / Ami Sengupta, Eliana Elias -- Positive Deviance, Good for Global Health / Arvind Singhal, Luc̕a Dur̀ -- Health Promotion from the Grassroots / mar̕a Beatriz Torres -- ₃Children can't wait₄ / Shereen Usdin, Nicola Christofides -- Crosscutting Issues. Capacity Building (and Strengthening) in Health Communication / Rafael Obregon, Silvio Waisbord -- Institutionalizing Communication in International Health / Jose Rimon, Suruchi Sood -- Communication and Public Health in a Glocalized Context / Thomas Tufte -- Conclusions: Rethinking the Field. Toward Social Justice in Directed Social Change / Srinivas R Melkote -- Conclusions / Silvio Waisbord, Rafael Obregon -- Index.
  • pt. 1. Risks -- pt. 2. Improving design -- pt. 3. Improving hygiene management and methods.
  • Handbook of urban health 2005, Springer
    Urban health: population, methods, and practice / Sandro Galea and David Vlahov -- Homeless people / Stephen W. Hwang and James R. Dunn -- Health of economically deprived populations in cities / Patricia O'Campo and Michael Yonas -- Racial/ethnic minority and health: the role of the urban environment / Luisa N. Borrell and Stephani L. Hatch -- Sexual minority groups and urban health / Ruth Finkelstein and Julie Netherland -- Health and health access among urban immigrants / Sana Loue and Nancy Mendez -- The urban environment, drug use, and health / Danielle Ompad and Crystal Fuller -- The health of children in cities / M. Chris Gibbons ... [et al.] -- Older adults: guardians of our cities / Linda Fried and Jeremy Barron -- The health of urban populations in developing countries: an overview / Mark R. Montgomery and Alex C. Ezeh -- Perspectives on the health of urban populations in Nepal / Tej Kumar Karki -- Integrative chapter: the health of urban populations / The editors -- An anthropological perspective on urban health / Frances K. Barg and Jane Kauer -- Epidemiology and urban health research / Sandro Galea and David Vlahov -- Design and analysis of group (or neighborhood) level urban studies / Donald Hoover --Health services research in the city / Michael K. Gusmano and Victor G. Rodwin -- Urban health in developing countries: insights from demographic theory and practice / Mark R. Montgomery and Alex C. Ezeh -- Urban sociology and research methods on neighborhoods and health / Joseph A. Soares -- Bridging the gap between urban health and urban planning / Marlon G. Boarnet and Lois M. Takahashi -- Environmental health studies: environmental health methods for urban health / Jonathan M. Samet and Joseph H. Abraham -- Cost-effectiveness analysis for urban health research / Ahmed M. Bayoumi -- Integrative chapter: multi-disciplinary work and the study of urban health / The editors -- Building healthy cities: a focus on interventions -- Building healthy cities: the World Health Organization perspective / Roderick J. Lawrence -- Building healthy cities: legal frameworks and consideratons / Wendy C. Peraue -- Teaching urban health / Nicholas Freudenberg and Susan Klitzman -- Strategies that promote health in cities /a local health department's perspective / Mary T. Bassett ... [et al.] -- Providing health services to marginalized urban populations / Anita Palepu and Mark W. Tyndall -- Integrative chapters: teaching and practice for promoting health in cities / The editors.
  • As work is recognized as beneficial to people's well-being, its absence is being considered in greater detail. Increasingly, work disability is being understood as a public health issue, and work disability prevention is gaining strength as an aspect of occupational health.The Handbook of Work Disability overviews this emerging field in accessible and practical fashion. This timely volume offers current theory for understanding the determinants of work disability (regardless of illness or injury that keeps individuals from the workplace), and a template for interventions that benefit both patient and other stakeholders. Experts across multiple fields examine the lives of work disabled patients, analyze the societal and workplace burden of work disability, and review bedrock concepts of the disability and its prevention. Featuring assessment tools, evidence-based intervention strategies, and insights into disorder-specific populations, this is information useful to the practicing clinician, the researcher, and the trainee. Included in the Handbook: Pain, chronicity, and disability.Measuring outcomes in work disability prevention.The influence of care providers on work disability. Psychosocial factors for disability and return to work.Core components of return-to-work interventions.Plus issue-specific chapters on low back pain, TBI, mental illness, and cancer. The Handbook of Work Disability is a definitive reference for psychologists, therapists, and rehabilitation professionals, as well as administrators, researchers, and students.
  • Health and modernity 2007, Springer
    From a theory group to a theory book /Louise Potvin and Laura Balbo --Modernity, public health, and health promotion : a reflexive discourse /Louise Potvin and David V. McQueen --Critical issues in theory for health promotion /David V. McQueen --Cultural capital in health promotion /Thomas Abel --Understanding differentiation of health in late modernity by use of sociological systems theory /Jürgen M. Pelikan --Managing uncertainty through participation /Louise Potvin --Thinking health promotion sociologically /Laura Balbo --Health governance : the health society /Ilona Kickbusch.
  • Revitalising the public health evidence base: an asset model -- A salutogenic approach to tackling health inequalities -- A theoretical model of assets: the link -- Asset mapping in communities -- Assets based interventions: evaluating and synthesizing evidence of the effectiveness of the assets based approach to health promotion -- Resilience as an asset for healthy development -- How to assess resilience: reflections on a measurement model -- Measuring children's well-being: some problems and possibilities -- The relationship between health assets, social capital and cohesive communities -- Community empowerment and health improvement: the English experience -- Strengthening the assets of women living in disadvantaged situations: the German experience -- Sustainable community-based health and development programs in rural India -- The application and evaluation of an assets-based model in Latin America and the Caribbean: the experience with the healthy settings approach -- Parents and communities' assets to control under-five child malaria in rural Benin, West Africa -- Strengthening asset focused policy making in Hungary -- How forms in social capital can be an asset for promoting health equity -- Internal and external assets and Romanian adolescents' health: an evidence-based approach to health promoting schools policy -- Bringing it all together: the salutogenic response to some of the most pertinent public health dilemmas.
  • Health care advocacy 2011, Springer
    Clinicians and Health Care Advocacy: The Reasons Why -- How Does Federal Health Policy Work? -- Tools and Resources to Build Advocacy Skills -- Opportunities for Advocacy in the Legislative Branch -- The Rules of the Game -- Advocacy in the Executive Branch of Government -- Establishing a Health Policy Strategy at the Association Level -- Building Partnerships and Coalition Advocacy -- State-Level Advocacy -- Local Advocacy for the Health Care Professional -- Clinicians and Health Care Advocacy: What Comes Next?.
  • Part I Introduction -- Theorizing, empiricizing and analyzing health care utilization in Germany: An introduction -- Part II Theory -- Re-revisiting the Behavioral Model of Health Care Utilization by Andersen: A review on theoretical advances and perspectives -- Health care utilization within the system of statutory sickness funds in Germany -- Part III Methodology -- The problem of repeated surveys: How comparable are their results regarding utilization of medical services? -- Health care utilization research using secondary data -- Health care utilization: Insights from qualitative research -- Part IV Results: Selected determinants -- Gender and utilization of health care -- Socioeconomic status and health care utilization in Germany: A systematic review -- Migration and health care utilization in the European context -- How do socioeconomic factors influence the amount and intensity of services utilization by family caregivers of elderly dependents? -- Part IV b Results: Selected diseases -- Health care utilization by dementia patients living at home and their kins -- Utilization of general practitioners by obese men and women: Review for Germany and results from the MONICA/KORA cohorts S3/F3 and S4/F4 -- Utilization of physiotherapy by patients with rheumatic diseases -- Participation in self-help activities amongst patients with rheumatic diseases -- Part IV b Results: Selected sectors of care -- Social determinants of utilization of psychotherapy in Germany -- Variation in the use of prevention and health promotion services according to gender, age, socioeconomic, and migration status -- Utilisation of an Integrated Care Pilot in Germany: Morbidity, age and sex distribution of Gesundes Kinzigtal Integrated Care membership in 2006-08 -- Part V Extroduction -- Health care utilization: A concluding note on research prospects.
  • Part I. Context for HIA: integrating public health, planning and policy development -- Part II. Introduction to core concepts and key examples of HIA -- Part III. Applied learning: Conducting an HIA -- Part IV. HIA today and tomorrow.
  • 1. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
  • At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.
  • pt. 3.Prejudice and pride in health --ch.8.Sexual stigma : putting sexual minority health issues in context /Gregory M. Herek,Regina Chopp,andDarryl Strohl --ch. 9.Globalization, structural violence, and LGBT health : a cross-cultural perspective /Mark B. Padilla,Ernesto Vásquez del Aguila,andRichard G. Parker --ch. 10.Prejudice and discrimination as social stressors /Ilan H. Meyer --ch. 11,Determinants of health among two-spirit American Indians and Alaska natives /Karen C. Fieland,Karina L. Walters,andJane M. Simoni --ch. 12."I don't fit anywhere" : how race and sexuality shape Latino gay and bisexual men's health /Jesus Ramirez-Valles --ch. 13.Black LGB health and well-being /Juan BattleandMartha Crum --pt. 4.Research methodologies --ch. 14.Defining and measuring sexual orientation for research /Randal L. Sell --ch. 15.Sampling in surveys of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people /Diane Binson,Johnny Blair,David M. Heubner,andWilliam J. Woods --ch. 16.Researching gay men's health : the promise of qualitative methodology /Gary W. Dowsett --ch. 17.From science fiction to computer-generated technology : sampling lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals /Esther D. Rothblum --ch. 18.Using community-based participatory research to understand and eliminate social disparities in health for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations /Mary E. Northridge,Brian P. McGrath,andSam Quan Krueger --pt. 5.Health concerns --ch. 19.Transgender health concerns /Anne A. Lawrence --ch. 20.Health care of lesbian and bisexual women /Katherine A. O'HanlanandChristy M. Isler --ch. 21.Cancer and sexual minority women /Deborah J. Bowen,Ulrike Boehmer,andMarla Russo --ch. 22.HIV/AIDS prevention research among black men who have sex with men : current progress and future directions /Gregorio A. Millett,David Malebranche,andJohn L. Peterson --ch. 23.LGBT tobacco and alcohol disparities /Gregory L. GreenwoodandElisabeth P. Gruskin --ch. 24.Methamphetamine use and its relation to HIV risk : data from Latino gay men in San Francisco /Rafael M. Díaz --pt. 6.Healthcare systems and services --ch. 25.Improving access to health care among African-American, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations /Patrick A. WilsonandHirokazu Yoshikawa --ch. 26.Public health and trans-people : barriers to care and strategies to improve treatment /Emilia Lombardi --ch. 27.HIV prevention and care for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender youths : "Best practices" from existing programs and policies /Joyce HunterandJan Baer --ch. 28.Fenway community health's model of integrated, community-based LGBT care, education, and research /Kenneth H. Mayer,Matthew J. Mimiaga,Rodney VanDerwarker,Hilary Goldhammer,andJudith B. Bradford --Index.
  • "This report is the last in this series."--P. i.
  • Hidden cities 2010, WHO
    "The joint WHO and UN-HABITAT report, Hidden cities: unmasking and overcoming health inequities in urban settings, is being released at a turning point in human history. For the first time ever, the majority of the world's population is living in cities, and this proportion continues to grow ... The number of urban residents is growing by nearly 60 million every year. This demographic transition from rural to urban, or urbanization, has far-reaching consequences ... " - p. ix
  • 1. Prevention of HIV Infection in the Absence of a Vaccine -- 2. Study Report on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission for HIV+ Pregnant Mothers in the Yunnan Province -- 3. Antiretroviral Treatment Compliance in the Wenlou Village of Henan Province: A Case Study in Rural China -- 4. HIV/AIDS Treatment and Control in India and the Millennium Development Goals -- 5. HIV Treatment Scale-Up in Africa: The Impact of Drug Resistance -- 6. A Practical Way to Improve Access to Essential Medicines Against Major Infectious Diseases -- 7. When will most AIDS patients in the world have access to effective antiretroviral therapy?
  • Part 1. Transmission of HIV-1 infection to the infant through breastfeeding -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of HIV-1: Epidemiology and Global Magnitude / Mary Glenn Fowler, Athena P. Kourtis, Jim Aizire, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi and Marc Bulterys -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of Viruses Other than HIV-1 / Claire L. Townsend, Catherine S. Peckham and Claire Thorne -- Breastfeeding Among HIV-1 Infected Women: Maternal Health Outcomes and Social Repercussions / Elizabeth Stringer and Kate Shearer -- Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the Breastfed Infant / Chin-Yih Ou, Susan Fiscus, Dennis Ellenberger, Bharat Parekh and Christine Korhonen, et al. -- Part 2. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Virology -- Virologic Determinants of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Susan A. Fiscus and Grace M. Aldrovandi -- HIV-1 Resistance to Antiretroviral Agents: Relevance to Mothers and Infants in the Breastfeeding Setting / Michelle S. McConnell and Paul Palumbo -- Animal Models of HIV Transmission Through Breastfeeding and Pediatric HIV Infection / Koen K. A. Van Rompay and Kartika Jayashankar -- Antiretroviral Pharmacology in Breast Milk / Amanda H. Corbett -- Part 3. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Immunology -- The Immune System of Breast Milk: Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Properties / Philippe Lepage and Philippe Van de Perre -- B Lymphocyte-Derived Humoral Immune Defenses in Breast Milk Transmission of the HIV-1 / Laurent Bélec and Athena P. Kourtis -- Cellular Immunity in Breast Milk: Implications for Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 to the Infant / Steffanie Sabbaj, Chris C. Ibegbu and Athena P. Kourtis -- Part 4. Prevention of breast milk transmission of HIV-1 --Antiretroviral Drugs During Breastfeeding for the Prevention of Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 / Athena P. Kourtis, Isabelle de Vincenzi, Denise J. Jamieson and Marc Bulterys -- Immune Approaches for the Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Barbara Lohman-Payne, Jennifer Slyker and Sarah L. Rowland-Jones -- Non-antiretroviral Approaches to Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1: Exclusive Breastfeeding, Early Weaning, Treatment of Expressed Breast Milk / Jennifer S. Read -- Breast Milk Micronutrients and Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 / Monal R. Shroff and Eduardo Villamor -- Part 5. Research Implementation and Policy Related to Breastfeeding by HIV-1-Infected Mothers -- Historical Perspective of African-Based Research on HIV-1 Transmission Through Breastfeeding: The Malawi Experience / Taha E. Taha -- Breastfeeding and HIV Infection in China / Christine Korhonen, Liming Wang, Linhong Wang, Serena Fuller and Fang Wang, et al. -- The Role of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Infant and Young Child Feeding Guideline Development and Program Implementation / Michelle R. Adler, Margaret Brewinski, Amie N. Heap and Omotayo Bolu -- HIV-1 and Breastfeeding in the United States / Kristen M. Little, Dale J. Hu and Ken L. Dominguez -- Part 6. DEBATE: Should Women With HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? Balancing the Scientific Evidence, Ethical Issues and Cost-Policy Considerations -- Pendulum Swings in HIV-1 and Infant Feeding Policies: Now Halfway Back / Louise Kuhn and Grace Aldrovandi -- Should Women with HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? It Depends on the Setting / Grace John-Stewart and Ruth Nduati -- Part 7. The Epilogue -- The Future of Breastfeeding in the Face of HIV-1 Infection: Science and Policy / Marc Bulterys and Athena P. Kourtis.
  • "Many Americans believe that the United States has one of the best health-care systems in the world and that consequently Americans enjoy better health than most of the world's populations. The data, however, do not support that belief. In fact, the United States is ranked 32nd in the world in life expectancy even though it is ranked third in total expenditures on health care as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). Clearly, good health is determined by more than money spent on the health-care system. In fact, a growing body of research indicates that living conditions - including such factors as housing quality, exposure to pollution, and access to healthy and affordable foods and safe places to exercise - have a greater effect on health. That research highlights the importance of considering health in developing policies, programs, plans, and projects, including ones that may not appear at first to have an obvious relationship to health. Health impact assessment (HIA) has arisen as an especially promising way to factor health considerations into the decision-making process. It has been defined in various ways but essentially is a structured process that uses scientific data, professional expertise, and stakeholder input to identify and evaluate public-health consequences of proposals and suggests actions that could be taken to minimize adverse health impacts and optimize beneficial ones"--Publisher's description.
  • Introduction -- Physical activity and adherence -- Improving dietary adherence -- Medication adherence -- Smoking cessation and adherence -- Cancer screening adherence -- Hormonal contraceptives and adherence -- Chronic pain and adherence -- Adherence and psychotherapy -- Adherence to treatment for depression -- Adherence in the treatment of HIV and other infectious diseases -- Adherence and substance use -- Special considerations of medication adherence in childhood and adolescence -- Special considerations of adherence in older adults.
  • "Half the world's people currently live in rural and remote areas. The problem is that most health workers live and work in cities. This imbalance is common to almost all countries and poses a major challenge to the nationwide provision of health services. Its impact, however, is most severe in low income countries. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) has therefore drawn up a comprehensive set of strategies to help countries encourage health workers to live and work in remote and rural areas. These include refining the ways students are selected and educated, as well as creating better working and living conditions. ... The guidelines ... complement the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, adopted by the Sixty-third World Health Assembly in May 2010. The Code offers a framework to manage international migration over the medium to longer term. The guidelines are a tool that can be used straight away to address one of the first triggers to internal and international migration - dissatisfaction with living and working conditions in rural areas. Together, the code of practice and these new guidelines provide countries with instruments to improve workforce distribution and enhance health services." - p. i
  • pt. I. Essentials in clinical microbiology -- pt. II. Antimicrobials -- pt. III. Infection control -- pt. IV. Infections on ICU -- pt. V. Special topics.
  • A collection of syntheses of the international scientific literature and recommendations on public health problems, by Inserm's expert advisory groups.
  • Part I: Essentials of Integrated Behavioral Health Care --Introduction and Overview of Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care --Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: A Common Language --Integrated Behavioral Health and the Patient-Centered Medical Home --Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: The Critical Importance of Behavioral Health in Health Care Policy --Part II: Review of Integrated Systems of Care Initiatives --The State of the Evidence for Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care --Community-Based Participatory Research: Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health Care Through Novel Partnerships --Integrated Behavioral Health in Public Health Care Contexts: Community Health and Mental Health Safety Net Systems --The Financial History and Near Future of Integrated Behavioral Health Care --Department of Defense Integrated Behavioral Health in the Patient-Centered Medical Home --Part III: Review of Collaborative Behavioral Health Clinical Services --Collaborative Partnerships Within Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care --Identifi cation of Behavioral Health Needs in Integrated Behavioral and Primary Care Settings --Screening Measures in Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care Settings --Implementing Clinical Interventions in Integrated Behavioral Health Settings: Best Practices and Essential Elements --Working with Complexity in Integrated Behavioral Health Settings --Part IV: Connecting Concepts, Research and Practice --Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Summarizing the Lay of the Land, Marking the Best Practices, Identifying Barriers, and Mapping New Territory.
  • Introduction to intellectual property -- Obtaining, enforcing and defending patents -- The patent-eligibility of genes -- Medical procedure patents -- Rights and roles of universities and inventors -- Drug development : balancing innovation, access and profits -- Patent battles part I : small-molecule drugs -- Patent battles part II : the Biosimilars Act and biologics -- International patent law, trade law, and access to drugs.
  • Toward an interdisciplinary methodology -- Stochastic modelling -- Black Death: the background -- Mathematical formulation of the knowledge bases -- Spatiotemporal mapping of the epidemic -- Epea pteroenta.
  • Internet gambling 2012, Springer
  • "While the public health philosophy of the 20th Century -- emphasizing prevention -- is ideal for addressing natural disease outbreaks, it is not sufficient to confront 21st Century threats where adversaries may use biological weapons agents as part of a long-term campaign of aggression and terror. Health care providers and public health officers are among our first lines of defense. Therefore, we are building on the progress of the past three years to further improve the preparedness of our public health and medical systems to address current and future BW [biological warfare] threats and to respond with greater speed and flexibility to multiple or repetitive attacks." Homeland Security Presidential Directive 21 Bioterrorism is not a new threat in the 21st century -- thousands of years ago the plague and other contagious diseases were used in warfare -- but today the potential for catastrophic outcomes is greater than it has ever been. To address this threat, the medical and public health communities are putting various measures in place, including systems designed to pro-actively mon- itor populations for possible disease outbreaks"--Provided by publisher.
  • The quick basics of knowledge management / Jay Liebowitz -- Knowledge management and public health : a winning combination / Jay Liebowitz, Richard A. Schieber, and Joanne D. Andreadis -- Extending cross-generational knowledge flow research in edge organizations / Jay Liebowitz and Emil Ivanov -- Knowledge retention trends and strategies for knowledge workers and organizations / Masud Cader and Jay Liebowitz -- Examples of knowledge management in public health / Angela M. Fix, Sterling Elliott, and Irene Stephens -- Building knowledge management in an international health NGO / Richard Iams and Patricia Ringers -- Trying to revive an anemic system : a case study from USAID's Nutrition Division / Laura Birx -- Formulating KM strategies at the local level : a new approach to knowledge sharing in large public health organizations / Richard Van West-Charles and Arthur J. Murray -- Knowledge management : a mechanism for promoting evidence-informed public health decision making / Maureen Dobbins ... [et al.] -- myPublicHealth : utilizing knowledge management to improve public health practice and decision making / Debra Revere ... [et al.] -- Connections : sharing experience to advance public health practice / Ellen Wild and Debra Bara -- The association of public health laboratories : from surveys toward knowledge management, a voyage to Cythera / Robert Rej and Neha Desai.
  • Lead and public health 2011, ScienceDirect
    The book presents a detailed assessment of the health science of lead and the human health risk assessment models for lead's human health impacts, followed by an account of various regulatory efforts in the United States and elsewhere to eliminate or reduce human toxic exposures to lead. The science of lead as presented here covers releases of lead into the environment, lead's movement through the environment to reach humans who are then exposed, and the spectrum of toxic effects, particularly low-level toxic effects, on the developing central nervous system of the very young child. The section on human health risk assessment deals with quantifying not only the dose-response relationships that underlie toxic responses to lead in sensitive populations but also with the likelihood of toxic responses vis-vis environmental lead at some level of exposure. This section includes a treatment of computer models of lead exposure, particularly those that use lead in whole blood as a key measure. Various models convert lead intake via various body compartments into measures of body lead burden. Such measures are then directly related to severity of injury. The final section of the book deals with past and present regulatory efforts to control lead releases into the human environment. Current control efforts present a mixed picture. The most problematic issue is the continued presence of lead paint in older housing and lead in soils of urban and mining industry communities. Comprehensive assessment of the three major facets of the public health problem of lead: the voluminous science, the risk assessment approaches, and approaches to controlling lead as a public health problem. Integration of the above three elements to provide a coherent whole Provides a single source of information that will be extremely valuable to all professionals working in areas impacted by this toxic substance.
  • Part 1.GENERAL SECTION /History and Phylogeography of Leprosy /Stewart T. Cole and Pushpendra Singh --Microbiology /Andrea Clapasson and Silvia Canata --Genetics of Leprosy /Vinicius Medeiros Fava and Marcelo Távora Mira --Host Response to M. leprae /Rodrigo Ribeiro-Rodrigues --Pathogenesis /Cesare Massone and Enrico Nunzi --Classification /Cesare Massone and Alexandra M. G. Brunasso --Part 2.PATIENT'S EXAMINATION --Patient History /Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto --Laboratory Investigations /Andrea Clapasson and Silvia Canata --Part 3.SKIN --Physical Examination: Skin /Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto --Clinical Features /Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto --Lucio-Latapí Leprosy /Mario Magaña --Histopathology of the Skin /Cesare Massone --Differential Diagnosis: Skin /Enrico Nunzi and Salvatore Noto --Part 4.NERVES --Peripheral Nerves in Leprosy /Bernard Naafs and José Antônio Garbino --The Leprosy Neuropathy /Lizia Reni, Salvatore Noto and Pieter A. M. Schreuder --Primary Neural Leprosy /José Antônio Garbino and Bernard Naafs --Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Leprosy /José Antônio Garbino, Bernard Naafs and Pedro Schestatsky --Electrodiagnostic Studies /Lizia Reni --Imaging /Carlo Martinoli, Leila Oppezzi and Alberto Tagliafico --Differential Diagnosis: Nerves /Lizia Reni --Part 5.Reactions in Leprosy /Reactions in Leprosy /Bernard Naafs and Salvatore Noto --Lucio's Phenomenon /Mario Magaña --Part 6.SYSTEMIC INVOLVEMENT --Ocular Involvement in Leprosy /Susan Lewallen and Paul Courtright --Otolaryngological Manifestations of Leprosy /Sinésio Talhari, Camila Bandeira de Oliveira and Carolina Talhari --Other Organs /Enrico Nunzi and Salvatore Noto --Part 7.PATIENT'S MANAGEMENT --Diagnostic Work-Up /Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto --Drugs in Leprosy /Sinésio Talhari and Mahreen Ameen --Treatment and Prophylaxis /Pierre Bobin --Prognosis /Enrico Nunzi --Neurolysis /Sergio S. G. Gennaro --Prevention of Disability and Ulcer Care /J. Wim Brandsma and Hugh Cross --Surgical and Social Rehabilitation /J. Wim Brandsma and Sunil Deepak --Part 8.LEPROSY AND COMMUNITY --Leprosy in Pregnancy /Elizabeth Duncan --Leprosy and HIV/AIDS Co-infection /Sinésio Talhari and Carolina Talhari --Epidemiology of Leprosy /Salvatore Noto and Pieter A. M. Schreuder --Leprosy Control /Sunil Deepak and Giovanni Gazzoli --Teledermatology /Cesare Massone and Antonio Pedro Mendes Schettini --The Leprosy Mailing List /Salvatore Noto.
  • Lifestyle medicine. 2nd ed. 2013, CRCnetBASE
    Pt. 1. Lifestyle management and prevention of cardiovascular disease / James M. Rippe -- pt. 2. Nutritional aspects of lifestyle medicine / Johanna Dwyer -- pt. 3. Physical activity and fitness / Theodore J. Angelopoulos -- pt. 4. Behavioral psychology / Bess Marcus -- pt. 5. Women's health / Pamela M. Peeke -- pt. 6. Men's health / Craig Garfield -- pt. 7. Endocrinology and metabolism / Samuel Crockett -- pt. 8. Lifestyle issues in the prevention and treatment of cancer / Clarence H. Brown, III and Naren Ramakrishna -- pt. 9. Obesity and weight management / John P. Foreyt -- pt. 10. Immunology and infectious disease / David Nieman -- pt. 11. Pulmonary medicine / Nicholas A. Smyrnios -- pt. 12. Sports medicine and orthopedics / Eric McCarty and Sourav K. Poddar -- pt. 13. Obstetrics and gynecology / Hope A. Ricciotti -- pt. 14. Dermatology / Zoe Diana Draelos -- pt. 15. Cardiovascular rehabilitation and secondary prevention / Kathy Berra and Barry A. Franklin -- pt. 16. Lifestyle components of pediatric medicine / Thomas W. Rowland -- pt. 17. Family practice / Charles B. Eaton -- pt. 18. Lifestyle medicine in geriatrics / Charlotte A. Tate -- pt. 19. Epidemiology of lifestyle-related diseases / Alan C. Utter -- pt. 20. Health promotion / Kenneth R. Pelletier -- pt. 21. Exercise psychology / Steven J. Petruzzello -- pt. 22. Injury prevention / David A. Sleet -- pt. 23. Public policy and environmental supports for lifestyle medicine / Gregory W. Heath.
  • Low-cost interventions to promote physical and mental health / Luciano L'Abate -- Diets, health, and weight control : what do we know? / David L. Katz ... [et al.] -- Low-cost obesity interventions : the market for foods / Michael S. Finke and Sandra J. Huston -- Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and health / John C. Umhau and Karl M. Dauphinais -- Vitamins, minerals and health / Edward Giovannucci -- Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders / Shahin Akhondzadeh -- Daily practices for mindful exercise / Rachel Calogero and Kelly Pedrotty -- Relaxation and meditation / Angele McGrady -- Expressive movement / Dianne Dulicai and Ellen Schelly Hill -- Pleasant, pleasurable, and positive activities / Joan S. Anderson -- The recording of personal information as an intervention and as an electronic health support / Minna Levine and Ronald Calvanio -- Teaching to remember ourselves : the autobiographical methodology / Duccio Demetrio ; with contribution by Chiara Borgonovi -- Expressive writing : an alternative to traditional methods / Ewa Kacewicz, Richard B. Slatcher, and James W. Pennebaker -- Workbooks for the promotion of mental health and life-long learning / Luciano L'Abate and Damian Goldstein -- Computers and the Internet / Myron L. Pulier ... [et al.] -- Maternal-infant contact and child development : insights from the kangaroo intervention / Ruth Feldman -- Touch interventions positively affect development / Nancy Aaron James and Krystal D. Mize -- Non-erotic physical affection : it's good for you / Andrew K. Gulledge ... [et al.] -- Sex, sexuality and sensuality / Chad L. Cross and Gerald R. Weeks -- Intimacy and fear of intimacy / Anita L. Vangelisti and Gary Beck -- Low-cost interventions for promoting forgiveness / Lindsey M. Root and Michael E. McCullough -- Spirituality in achieving physical and psychological health and well-being : theory, research and low cost interventions / Len Sperry ... [et al.] -- Friendship, social support, and health / Patricia M. Sias and Heidi Bartoo -- Animal companions / Luciano L'Abate -- Applications of emotional intelligence to schools and workplace / David Ruback and Laura Sweeney -- Implications of prescriptive approaches for policy, health promotion, epidemiology, and public health / Cornelius Hogan.
  • "WHO has developed this manual in order to strengthen the laboratory diagnosis and virological surveillance of influenza infection by providing standard methods for the collection, detection, isolation and characterization of viruses"--Publisher's description.
  • Mass vaccination 2006, Springer
    Mass Vaccination: When and Why / D. L. Heymann and R. B. Aylward -- Mass Vaccination and Surveillance/Containment in the Eradication of Smallpox / J. M. Lane -- Mass Immunization Programs: Principles and Standards / J. D. Grabenstein and R. L. Nevin -- Immunization Campaigns in the UK / K. Noakes and D. Salisbury -- Diphtheria / C. R. Vitek -- Universal Mass Vaccination against Hepatitis A / F. E. André -- Mass Vaccination against Hepatitis B: the French Example / F. Denis and D. Levy-Bruhl -- Mass Vaccination for Annual and Pandemic Influenza / B. Schwartz and P. Wortley -- Is Global Measles Eradication Feasible? / C. A. de Quadros -- Measles Aerosol Vaccination / J. L. Valdespino-Gómez, M de Lourdes Garcia-Garcia, J. Fernandez-de-Castro, A. M. Henao-Restrepo, J. Bennett, and J. Sepulveda-Amor -- Mass Vaccination Campaigns for Polio Eradication: an Essential Strategy for Success / R. W. Sutter and C. Maher -- Rubella Mass Campaigns / S. Reef -- Mass Vaccination to Control Epidemic and Endemic Typhoid Fever / M. M. Levine -- Mass Vaccination: Solutions in the Skin / G. M. Glenn and R. T. Kenney.
  • Medicine and business 2014, Springer
    Healthcare and Business -- Leadership and Governance -- Revenue Cycle -- Financial Definitions and Variances -- Income Statement -- Balance Sheet -- Statement of Cash Flows -- Financial Ratios -- Budgeting and Variance Analysis -- Strategic Planning and Business Planning -- Healthcare Insurance -- Managed Care -- Payment Methods -- Corporation and Hospital Structures -- Physician Employment and Compensation -- Medical Business Law and Regulations -- New Government Initiatives.
  • "This new edition presents information on how melatonin is synthesized and produced in the body as well as how this hormone affects several diseases. The book heavily focuses on prevention as well as treatment of various human disease states including behavior disorders, mental disorders, breast cancer, bone health, and gastrointestinal diseases. It covers the role of melatonin in the prevention of oxidative stress, mutagenesis, sun damage, ocular health, gut motility, and detoxification. It also presents mechanisms of melatonin action in humans including cell modulation, signaling mechanisms, protective effects, and melatonin receptors as well as its role as an antioxidant"--Provided by publisher.
  • "In a new era of global health diplomacy, the most important tool for decision-making is negotiation. Globalization is binding countries, issues and people together as never before. In the domain of public health, traditional international concerns like the spread of infectious diseases have been joined by new concerns and challenges in managing the health impacts of trade and intellectual property rights, and by new opportunities to create effective global public health agreements and programs. To address the major health crises of today and to prevent or mitigate them in the future, countries must seek collective agreement and action within and across their borders. However, the world of international negotiation is not the world in which health decision-makers reside or are most comfortable. The goal of this guide is to provide health policy-makers with practical information and negotiation tools, to help them create better international health agreements and programs. "This is the best book I know to help health professionals develop the negotiation skills necessary to meet the challenges of global health diplomacy"--Provided by publisher.
  • It has long been theorized that people living in poor areas have more health problems than their more advantaged peers. More recently, science has been testing this hypothesis, concentrating on the impact of the built environment on well-being and its contribution to health inequities.Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion offers sociology-based theory and evidence-based findings so readers may better understand the effects of place on health choices, behaviour, and outcomes. This international volume analyzes the complex relationships among neighbourhood conditions and characteristics,
  • New public health 2000, ScienceDirect
    Foreword / Milton I. Roemer -- A history of public health -- Expanding the concept of public health -- Measuring and evaluating the health of a population -- Communicable diseases -- Noncommunicable conditions -- Family health -- Special community health needs -- Nutrition and food safety -- Environmental and occupational health -- Organization of public health systems -- Measuring costs: the economics of health -- Planning and managing health systems -- National health systems -- Human resources for health care -- Technology, quality, law and ethics -- Globalization of health -- Glossary -- Subject index.
  • Socio-demographic societal and supra-societal determinants and influences -- Social determinants of sexual networks, partnership formation, and sexually transmitted infections -- Epidemiology of STI and HIV: an overview of concentration and geographical and temporal dispersion -- Migration and the transmission of STIs -- Sexual networks and sexually transmitted infections: the strength of weak (long distance) ties -- Personal risk and public impact: balancing individual rights with STD and HIV prevention -- Critical factors in approaches to prevention -- Distribution of prevention resources and impact of sexual health in the USA -- Scaling up, coverage, and targeting -- Electronic media and STI prevention -- Twenty-first century leadership for public health and HIV/STI prevention -- Critical reveiws: enw public health focus for populations at risk for STI/HIV -- Enhancing women's sexual health: prevention measures in diverse populations of women -- Prevention of HIV and other blood-borne and sexually transmitted diseases in people who inject drugs: current status and future prospects -- Health, seuxal health, and syndemicsL toward a better appraoch to STI and HIV preventive interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States -- Social determinants of sexual health in the USA among racial and ethnic minorities -- Adolescent sexual health and sexually transmitted infections: a conceptual and empirical demonstration -- Critical reviews: new public health STD/HIV prevention -- Preventing HIV/AIDS in the United States, 1981-2009: history in the making -- National strategic approach to improving the health of gay and bisexual men: experience in Australia -- Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons learned from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis from the United States -- Human papillomavirus vaccine and prevention of human papillomavirus-associated disease in the USA -- Chlamydia control: a comparative reveiw from the USA and UK.
  • Global figures argue in favour of preventive measures and personalised treatment to optimise inadequate diabetes care -- Three levels of prediction, prevention and individualised treatment algorithms to advance diabetes care: integrative approach -- Diabetes Mellitus: new challenges and innovative therapies -- Identification of biomarkers for beta cell failure as detection tools for predictive screening in Type 2 pre-diabetes -- Endothelial dysfunction in diabetes: role of circulating biomarkers as potential diagnostic and prognostic tools -- Correction of diabetes-induced endothelial progenitor dysfunction to promote retinal vascular repair -- Oxidative stress and apoptotic biomarkers in diabetic retinopathy -- Diabetic retinopathy: the need for predictive, preventive and personalized approach to management -- The rle of inflammatory cytokines in diabetic nephropathy: potential use as predictive markers for early detection and progression -- Preventing hyperglycemia and tissue injury in diabetes: the dynamic role of 2, 3 indoleaminedioxygenase (IDO) in diabetes and its complications -- An integrative approach to chronic wounds in patients with diabetes: PPPM in action -- Understanding inflammation: the key to targeted preventive measures for diabetes and periodontitis -- Cancer predisposition in diabetic patients: risk assessment and targeted preventive measures -- Recognition of individual risks by analysis of subcellular imaging insights into chromium picolinate therapy in pre/diabetes care, search into its safety and opinion controversy -- Remote control in diabetes -- Drug delivery systems for predictive medicine: polymers as tools for advanced applications.
  • Nutrition in public health 2007, CRCnetBASE
  • "Each year a vast sum of money is spent on health care around the globe and patient safety has become a serious global public health issue. Filled with up-to-date information, this book demonstrates how to handle patient safety-related problems by using methods developed in the area of engineering. It contains a chapter on mathematical concepts and another chapter on introductory material on safety and human factors considered essential to understand materials presented in subsequent chapters. The author's presentation covers topics in such a manner that readers will require no previous knowledge to understand the concepts"--Provided by publisher.
  • KM and urban health. Knowledge management for the urban health context / M. Chris Gibbons, Rajeev K. Bali, and Nilmini Wickramasinghe -- Healthcare knowledge management : incorporating the tools technologies strategies and process of KM to effect superior healthcare delivery / Nilmini Wickramasinghe -- Knowledge Management in the urban health context : moving towards tacit-to-tacit knowledge transfer / Rajeev K. Bali, Vikram Baskaran, and Raouf N.G. Naguib -- Incorporating KM principles into urban health contexts. A childhood/adolescent knowledge management system for urban area health programs in the District of Columbia / Michael L. Popovich and Xiaohui Zhang -- Urban health in developing countries / Siddharth Agarwal, Aradhana Srivastava, and Sanjeev Kumar -- A pervasive wireless knowledge management solution to address urban health inequalities with indigenous Australians / Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Indrit Troshani, and Steve Goldberg -- The development of a framework to evaluate the management of HIV/AIDS programmes in rural and urban South Africa / Rochelle Sassman ... [et al.] -- The potential of serious games for improving health and reducing urban health inequalities / M. Chris Gibbons -- Measures and metrics for KM and urban health. A scalable and viable strategy for managing organization : typology of intervening into complex healthcare environment for enhancing its continual development / Murako Saito -- Amplifying resonance in organizational learning process : knowledge sharing for overcoming cognitive barriers and for assuring positive action / Murako Saito -- Developing new urban health metrics to reduce the know-do gap in public health / Carlos Castillo-Salgado and Michael Christopher Gibbons -- Recommendations on evaluation and development of useful metrics for urban health / Carlos Castillo-Salgado and M. Chris Gibbons -- Making sense of urban health knowledge / Rajeev K. Bali ... [et al.].
  • Ch. 1. History of physical activity contributions to public health / Amanda E. Paluch ... [et al.] -- Ch. 2. Physiological adaptations to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise / Arthur S. Leon and Scott Brown -- Ch. 3. The unique influence of sedentary behavior on health / Genevieve N. Healy -- Ch. 4. Physical activity in chronic disease prevention / Jared P. Reis and Bethany Barone Gibbs -- Ch. 5. Physical activity and injury prevention / Kenneth E. Powell -- Ch. 6. Physical activity in treatment of chronic conditions / J. Larry Durstine, Keith Burns, and Ryan Cheek -- Ch. 7. Physical activity in growth and development / Fátima Baptista and Kathleen F. Janz -- Ch. 8. Physical activity and healthy adulthood / Kelley K. Pettee Gabriel and Jennifer L. Gay -- Ch. 9. Physical activity and healthy aging / David M. Buchner -- Ch. 10. Physical activity and obesity / Catrine Tudor-Locke -- Ch. 11. Physical activity measurement / Stephen D. Herrmann -- Ch. 12. National guidelines for physical activity / Richard P. Troiano and David M. Buchner -- Ch. 13. Surveillance of physical activity / Janet E. Fulton and Susan A. Carlson -- Ch. 14. Physical activity promotion in underserved communities / Deborah Parra-Medina and Zenong Yin -- Ch. 15. Built environmental supports for walking / Paula Hooper ... [et al.] -- Ch. 16. Physical activity promotion in worksites / Joan Dorn and Cassandra Hoebbel -- Ch. 17. Promotion of physical activity in schools / Dianne Stanton Ward and Christopher Ford -- Ch. 18. Policy for physical activity promotion / Kelly R. Evenson and Semra A. Aytur
  • A. Introduction -- B. Passive or active pharmacovigilance? -- C. Spontaneous reporting -- D. Cohort event monitoring -- E. Data processing -- F. Special types of event -- G. Relationship/causality assessment -- H. Signal identification -- I. Strengthening the signal -- J. Identifying risk factors -- K. Analyses -- L. Differences between spontaneous reporting and cohort event monitoring -- M. Organization -- N. Communication -- Annex.
  • Extent and consequences of childhood obesity -- Developing an action plan -- A national public health priority -- Industry, advertising, media, and public education -- Local communities -- Schools -- Home -- Confronting the childhood obesity epidemic.
  • "Principles of Medicine in Africa combines classical clinical medicine with a rich understanding of the major environmental and cultural influences on health and disease, providing comprehensive guidance for anyone intending to practise medicine in Africa. Disease is presented in the context of family and culture, and the effects of inequality and problems of limited resources are addressed."--Excerpt from publisher notes.
  • Background -- Scope, goal, objectives and target audience -- Global burden of NCDs -- Role of research in the implementation of the Global Strategy Action Plan -- Need for a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs to improve public health -- Achievable outcomes through a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs -- Process for the development of the WHO NCD research agenda. Initial phase of development of the WHO NCD research agenda -- Ranking process -- Finalization of WHO NCD research agenda -- Key domains for research. Major NCDs. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) -- Cancer -- Chronic respiratory diseases -- diabetes -- NCD risk factors. Tobacco control -- Nutrition, physical activity and obesity -- Cross-cutting domains. Primary health care approach for prevention and control of NCDs -- Social determinants and NCDs -- Genetics -- Promoting use of research findings to policies and practice for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases -- Top 20 priority areas for NCD research -- Key elements required for strengthening the research capacity of low- and middle-income countries for implementation of the WHO NCD research agenda.Contents of the compact disc: -- 1. Working papers -- 2. Reports of Meetings to develop the Prioritized NCD research agenda (2008-2010) -- 3. Lists of participants -- 4. List of other contributors and institutions that participated in the process of development and review of the prioritized NCD research agenda.
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) reports every two years on progress towards the drinking-water and sanitation target under Millennium Development Goal 7. This target calls for halving the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation between 1990 and 2015. Estimates presented in its 2012 update report describe the situation at the end 2010 and supersede those of the JMP update published in March 2010. The report brings welcome news: measured by the proxy-indicator consistently used by the JMP since 2000, the MDG drinking-water target was met in 2010, five years ahead of schedule. However, the job is far from done. An estimated 780 million still lacked safe drinking water in 2010, and the world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target. A reduction in urban-rural disparities and inequities associated with poverty; drinking-water coverage in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania; putting sanitation 'on track'; and universal coverage beyond 2015 all remain high on the development and public health agenda.--Publisher description.
  • "Even though progress towards the MDG target represents important gains in access for billions of people around the world, it has been uneven. Sharp geographic, sociocultural and economic inequalities in access persist and sometimes have increased. This report presents examples of unequal progress among marginalized and vulnerable groups. Section 1 presents the status of and trends in access to improved drinking water sources and sanitation. Section 2 provides a snapshot of inequalities in access to improved drinking water sources and sanitation. Section 3 presents efforts to strengthen monitoring of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services under a post-2015 development agenda, as well as the challenges associated with these efforts."--Publisher's website.
  • Introduction and technical survey: Protein aggregation and fibrillogenesis --Fibril formation by short synthetic peptides --In vitrooligomerization and fibrillogenesis of amyloid-beta peptides --Tau fibrillogenesis --Prion protein aggregation and fibrillogenesisin vitro --Alpha-synuclein aggregation and modulating factors --Pathological self-aggregation of [beta](2)-microglobulin: A challenge for protein biophysics --Islet amyloid polypeptide: Aggregation and fibrillogenesisin vitroand its inhibition --Mechanisms of transthyretin aggregation and toxicity --Fibrillogenesis of huntingtin and other glutamine containing proteins --Aggregation and fibrillogenesis of proteins not associated with disease: a few case studies --Experimental inhibition of peptide fibrillogenesis by synthetic peptides, carbohydrates and drugs --Experimental inhibition of fibrillogenesis and neurotoxicity by amyloid-beta (abeta) and other disease-related peptides/proteins by plant extracts and herbal compounds --Alzheimer's disease --Modeling the polyglutamine aggregation pathway in Huntington's disease: from basic studies to clinical applications --Parkinson's disease --Human prion diseases: From kuru to variant Creutzfeldt-jakob disease --Animal prion diseases --[beta](2)-Microglobulin amyloidosis --Systemic AA amyloidosis --Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy and transthyretin --The challenge of systemic immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis (AL).
  • Thirty years since Estelle v. Gamble: looking forward, not wayward / Robert B. Greifinger -- Impact of incarceration on community public safety and public health / Todd R. Clear -- Litigating for better medical care / Jon Wool -- Accommodating disabilities in jails and prisons / R. Samuel Paz -- Growing older: challenges of prison and reentry for the aging population / Brie Williams, Rita Abraldes -- International public health and corrections: models of care and harm minimization / Michael Levy -- The medicalization of execution: lethal injection in the United States / Mark Heath -- HIV and viral hepatitis in corrections: a public health opportunity / Joseph A. Bick -- Prevention of viral hepatitis / Cindy Weinbaum, Karen A. Hennessey -- HIV prevention: behavioral interventions in correctional settings / Barry Zack -- Prevention and control of tuberculosis in correctional facilities / Farah M. Parvez -- Controlling chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis through targeted screening and treatment in correctional settings / Charlotte K. Kent, Gail A. Bolan -- Health promotion in jails and prisons: an alternative paradigm for correctional health services / Megha Ramaswamy, Nicholas Freudenberg -- Screening for public purpose: promoting an evidence-based approach to screening of inmates to improve the public health / Joshua D. Lee, Marshall W. Fordyce, Josiah D. Rich -- Written health informational needs for reentry / Jeff Mellow -- Reducing inmate suicides through the mortality review process / Lindsay M. Hayes -- Blinders to comprehensive psychiatric diagnosis in the correctional system / Richard L. Grant -- Juvenile corrections and public health collaborations: opportunities for improved health outcomes / Michelle Staples-Horne, Kaiyti Duffy, Michele T. Rorie -- Female prisoners and the case for gender-specific treatment and reentry programs / Andrea F. Balis -- Building the case for oral health care for prisoners: presenting the evidence and calling for justice / Henrie M. Treadwell, Mary E. Northridge, Traci N. Bethea -- Treatment of mental illness in correctional settings / Raymond F. Patterson, Robert B. Greifinger -- Treatment and reentry approaches for offenders with co-occurring disorders / Roger H. Peters, Nicole M. Bekman -- Pharmacological treatment of substance abuse in correctional facilities: prospects and barriers to expanding access to evidence-based therapy / R. Douglas Bruce, Duncan Smith-Rohrberg, Frederick L. Altice -- Health research behind bars: a brief guide to research in jails and prisons / Nicholas Freudenberg -- Reentry experiences of men with health problems / Christy A. Visher, Kamala Mallik-Kane -- Providing transition and outpatient services to the mentally ill released from correctional institutions / Steven K. Huge -- Sexual predators: diversion, civil commitment, community reintegration, challenges, and opportunities / Karen Terry -- Electronic health records systems and continuity of care / Ralph P. Woodward -- Community health and public health collaborations / Thomas Lincoln, John R. Miles, Steve Scheibel -- Improving the care for HIV-infected prisoners: an integrated prison-release health model / Sandra A. Springer, Frederick L. Altice.
  • Public health entomology 2013, CRCnetBASE
    "Increasing problems of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, brought about, at least in part, by vectors fueled by increased worldwide travel and commerce, make this a highly timely book for anyone in the public practice of medical and veterinary entomology, including entomologists, public health officials, and pest control technicians and managers. Employing a reader-friendly style with bulleted texts, scenarios, and case history boxes, it targets the major vectors and pests of medical and public health importance, addresses regulatory and academic medical entomology, and discusses disease vector control with worldwide application"--Provided by publisher.
  • Part I. Context for Public Health Informatics -- 1. Introduction to Public Health Informatics / J.A. Magnuson and Patrick W. O'Carroll -- 2. History and Significance of Information Systems and Public Health / John R. Lumpkin and J.A. Magnuson -- 3. Context and Value of Biomedical and Health Informatics / William R. Hersh -- 4. Governmental and Legislative Context of Informatics / Margo Edmunds -- Part II. The Science of Public Health Informatics -- 5. Public Health Informatics Infrastructure / Brian E. Dixon and Shaun J. Grannis -- 6. Information Architecture / Dina Dickerson and Patricia Yao -- 7. Data Sources and Data Tools / Edward Mensah and Johanna L. Goderre -- 8. Public Health Information Standards / J.A. Magnuson, Riki Merrick, and James T. Case -- 9. Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security of Public Health Information / William A. Yasnoff -- 10. Electronic Health Records / Stephen P. Julien -- 11. Ethics, Information Technology, and Public Health: Duties and Challenges in Computational Epidemiology / Kenneth W. Goodman and Eric M. Meslin -- 12. Project Management and Public Health Informatics / James Aspevig -- 13. Evaluation for Public Health Informatics / Paul C. Fu, Jr., Herman Tolentino, and Laura H. Franzke -- Part III. Key Public Health Information Systems -- 14. Informatics in Disease Prevention and Epidemiology / Richard S. Hopkins and J.A. Magnuson -- 15. Informatics in Toxicology and Environmental Public Health / Edwin M. Kilbourne -- 16. Public Health Laboratories / Riki Merrick, Steven H. Hinrichs, and Michelle Meigs --17. The National Vital Statistics System / Charles J. Rothwell, Mary Anne Freedman, and James A. Weed -- 18. Risk Factor Information Systems / Alan Tomines -- 19. Setting national Policies and Standards for Immunization Information Systems / Nedra Y. Garrett -- Part IV. New Challenges and Emerging Solutions -- 20. New Means of Data Collection and Accessibility / I. Charie Faught, James Aspevig, and Rita Spear -- 21. Geographic Information Systems / Carol L. Hanchette -- 22. Public Health Informatics and Health Information Exchange / J.A. Magnuson and Paul C. Fu, Jr. -- 23. Decision Support and Expert Systems in Public Health / William A. Yasnoff and Perry L. Miller -- 24. Delivery of Preventive Medicine in Primary Care / Paul C. Fu, Jr., Alan Tomines, and Larry L. Dickey -- 25. Case-Based Learning in Public Health Informatics / Herman Tolentino, Sridhar R. Papagari Sangareddy, Catherine Pepper, and J.A. Magnuson -- Part V. Case Studies: Information Systems and the Strata of Public Health -- 26. Local and Regional Public Health Informatics / Jeffrey M. Kriseman and Brian J. Labus -- 27. Public Health Informatics in High Population States: New York and Ohio / Geraldine S. Johnson, Guthrie S. Birkhead, Rachel Block, Shannon Kelley, James Coates, Bob Campbell, and Brian Fowler -- 28. State Public Health Informatics: Perspective from a Low Population State / James Aspevig -- 29. National Public Health Informatics, United States / Seth Foldy -- 30. Public Health Informatics in Canada / Lawrence E. Frisch, Elizabeth M. Borycki, Alyse Capron, Abla Mawudeku, and Ronald St. John -- 31. Perspectives on Global Public Health Informatics / Janise Richards, Gerry Douglas, and Hamish S.F. Fraser -- Part VI. Epilogue -- 32. Public Health Informatics: The Path Forward / J.A. Magnuson.
  • Public health microbiology 2004, Springer Protocols
  • Epidemiology and biostatistics -- Social and behavioral dimensions of health -- Disability in the health services curriculum -- Environmental health and disability -- Disability and health inequity -- Disability and maternal and child health -- Aging, disability, and public health -- Disability and international health -- Disability issues in health care ethics and law in the public health curriculum -- Section 504 the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act in public health education.
  • The role of law : agencies, legislators, courts, and the constitution -- The role of epidemiology and medicine : diagnosis, prevention, control, and evaluation -- The role of economics : theories, modeling, and evaluation -- The role of politics : players, processes, and power -- The role of ethics : historical, contemporary, and future perspectives -- HIV criminalization -- Clean water and mosquito control -- HPV vaccination -- SCHIP and children with special health care needs -- Overweight and obesity -- Breast cancer screening -- Medical transportation : local research focus -- Medical transportation : local practice focus -- Taxes, politics, and public health policy : a look back at the 2008 presidential campaign -- Supplemental nutrition assistance program and modifying behavior -- Medical readmissions and the Affordable Care Act -- Tobacco control and cessation programs -- Emergency preparedness and infectious diseases -- The research policy brief : a primer -- Letters to the editor : a primer.
  • Public health emergencies may arise directly or indirectly from a wide variety of events, including emerging diseases, natural disasters, industrial accidents, and terrorist attacks. One area that has not been examined in much detail is public health emergency preparedness for incidents involving the release of chemical or radiological agents. As part of RAND's continuing research into public health emergency preparedness, this report characterizes the public health service's role in preparing for and responding to such incidents, describes practices in use by local public health departments, and identifies functional areas of public health emergency preparedness and response for chemical and radiological incidents that may warrant further practice development.
  • Medical healing implies knowledge of the assumptions that underlie our understanding of 'health', and, concomitantly, how we define well being and its opposites, illness and disease. Today, health, health care (business, wellness, recreation), and medicine (especially research-driven scientific medicine) have become separate entities with different institutions, budgets, marketing philosophies and 'corporate cultures'. Furthermore, healing is individual and subjective, yet at the same time also culturally determined. The present volume brings together papers on these topics in an unique interdisciplinary approach. The book provides an ethical framework for healthcare from a political perspective. It discusses definitions of the terminology of healing and health and their ethical and medical implications including their historical contexts. A separate section expands the theme of the cultural constructedness of healing by the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine and homeopathy. Modern medicine has a strong focus on acute care, which urgently needs to place greater emphasis on preventive medicine including the crucial importance of social factors on health and on the emergence of 'public health'. The point of view of Business Concepts, their potential and limitations are by no means neglected and the legal ramifications of genetic research and innovative medical strategies with regard to some of our most foundational notions are discussed.
  • Toxicity testing is used to assess the safety or hazards presented by substances such as industrial chemicals, consumer products, and pharmaceuticals. At present, many methods involve laboratory animals. Alternative procedures, some involving human cell-based technologies, are now being developed which reduce, refine, or replace animal usage and minimize the pain and distress caused. These new tests must protect public health and the environment at least as well as currently accepted methods. This book describes the ever-expanding "toolbox" of methods available to assess toxicity. Such techniques often result from our growing understanding of the biochemical and cellular pathways that mediate toxicity mechanisms. This permits evaluations of information generated from several sources to generate a "weight of evidence". By combining in silico, in vitro, and ex vivo methods with technologies that rely on biochemical- and cell-based in vitro assays, toxicologists are developing mechanistically based alternatives to live animal experimentation. This text also explores the complexities associated with adequate validation, and the assessment of test reliability and relevance. It provides an essential reference source for postgraduates, academics and industrialists working in this rapidly changing area.
  • Refugee health care 2014, Springer
    "Physicians receive very little training in refugee health. Refugee Health Care is a practical guide providing concise information for busy practitioners. This concise textbook reviews common conditions seen in refugees and some of the recommendations in the book apply to all immigrants. It will be a valuable resource for primary care physicians, psychiatrists, pediatricians, women's health providers and any health care practitioner who treats refugees."--Publisher's website.
  • Provides tools to assist emergency planners in evaluating the feasibility of, and requirements for, reopening shuttered hospitals in their local communities to expand surge capacity during a mass casualty event
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization convened a Joint Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption from 25 to 29 January 2010. The tasks of the Expert Consultation were to review data on levels of nutrients (long-chain omega-3 fatty acids) and specific chemical contaminants (methylmercury and dioxins) in a range of fish species and to compare the health benefits of fish consumption and nutrient intake with the health risks associated with contaminants present in fish. The Expert Consultation drew a number of conclusions regarding the health benefits and health risks associated with fish consumption and recommended a series of steps that Member States should take to better assess and manage the risks and benefits of fish consumption and more effectively communicate these risks and benefits to their citizens. The output of the Expert Consultation is a framework for assessing the net health benefits or risks of fish consumption that will provide guidance to national food safety authorities and the Codex Alimentarius Commission in their work on managing risks, taking into account the existing data on the benefits of eating fish. The Expert Consultation concluded the following: Consumption of fish provides energy, protein and a range of other important nutrients, including the long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs). Eating fish is part of the cultural traditions of many peoples. In some populations, fish is a major source of food and essential nutrients. Among the general adult population, consumption of fish, particularly fatty fish, lowers the risk of mortality from coronary heart disease. There is an absence of probable or convincing evidence of risk of coronary heart disease associated with methylmercury. Potential cancer risks associated with dioxins are well below established coronary heart disease benefits from fish consumption. When comparing the benefits of LCn3PUFAs with the risks of methylmercury among women of childbearing age, maternal fish consumption lowers the risk of suboptimal neurodevelopment in their offspring compared with the offspring of women not eating fish in most circumstances evaluated. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that do not exceed the provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) of 70 pg/kg body weight established by JECFA (for PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs), neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus is negligible. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that exceed the PTMI, neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus may no longer be negligible. Among infants, young children and adolescents, the available data are currently insufficient to derive a quantitative framework of the health risks and health benefits of eating fish. However, healthy dietary patterns that include fish consumption and are established early in life influence dietary habits and health during adult life.
  • "This overview outlines the statutory background for WHO's research, identifies the milestones in health research over five decades, and discusses issues of both process and programs. This report also includes accounts of regional efforts in health research"--Publisher's description.African region; Eastern Mediterranean region; European region; South East Asia region; Western Pacific region; Pan American Health Organization
  • Introduction -- Methods and mechanisms for genetic manipulation of plants, animals, and microorganisms -- Unintended effects from breeding -- New approaches for identifying unintended changes in food composition -- Adverse impacts of food on human health -- Methods for predicting and assessing unintended effects on human health -- Framework, findings, and recommendations.
  • Secret agents 2002, NAP
    Disease in disguise -- Winged victories -- Food fright -- Superbugs -- The once and future pandemic -- Infection unmasked -- Bioterror.
  • Pt. I. The psychology of serial violent crimes. Normalcy in behavioral characteristics of the sadistic serial killer / Jack Levin and James Alan Fox -- The compulsive-repetitive offender: behavioral patterns, motivational dynamics / Louis B. Schlesinger -- Serial juvenile sex offenders and their offenses / Jessica Woodhams, Clive Hollin and Ray Bull -- A study of offense patterns and psychopathological characteristics among recidivistic Finnish homicide offenders / Helinä Häkkänen -- Sensational and extreme interests in adolescents / Kathy E Charles and Vincent Egan -- Narcissism, sadism and loneliness: the case of serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer / George B. Palermo -- pt. 2. New dimensions to violent crime. Sexual homicide: an overview of contemporary empirical research / Leonard I. Morgenbesser and Richard N. Kocsis -- Serial killers and serial rapists: a preliminary comparison of violence typologies / Stacey L. Shipley and Bruce A. Arrigo -- Firesetting: a burning issue / Jeffrey L. Geller -- The 'gentler sex': patterns in female serial murder / Hannah Scott -- Anatomy of a mass murder: a psychological profile of Martin Bryant and the Port Arthur massacre / Ian Sale -- pt. 3. Investigative considerations to serial violent crimes. Blundering justice: a case study of the Schiedam Park Murder / Peter J. van Koppen -- Sexual (lust) homicide: definitional constructs, dynamics and investigative considerations / Janet McClellan -- Criminal profile construction and investigative procedures: a study of the Westley Dodd serial sexual murders / Ronald Turco -- Psychological skills and criminal profile accuracy / Erica P. Hodges and Kristine M. Jacquin -- Profiling and professionalization of criminal investigation / Jeffrey B. Bumgarner
  • Sleep physiology -- Extent and health consequences of chronic sleep loss and sleep disorders -- Functional and economic impact of sleep loss and sleep-related disorders -- Improving awareness, diagnosis, and treatment of sleep disorders -- Ensuring adequate diagnosis and treatment : access, capacity, and technology development -- Opportunities to improve career development in somnology -- Bolstering somnology and sleep disorders research programs -- Building sleep programs in academic health centers.
  • "The thirteen case studies presented in this publication describe experiences with implementing public health programs that intend to address social determinants and to have a great impact on health equity. They also document the real-life challenges in implementing such programs, including the challenges in scaling up, managing policy changes, managing intersectoral processes, adjusting design and ensuring sustainability"--Publisher's description.
  • Social media has been clearly changing the way medicine is practiced and healthcare is delivered. Medical professionals must be able to meet the special needs of technology-aware patients and use digital technologies in their work and communications properly. Each physician should find the tools that will assist them in their workflow, and patients need to be educated how to use the internet. It is the responsibility of medical professionals to contribute to this process. The constantly evolving digital world must be used in the practice of medicine to improve the care of patients. However, the only way to do so effectively is via evidence-based, meaningful and strategic use. Social Media in Clinical Practice provides practical guidance in this mission and is thus essential reading for all medical personal looking into approaching this for the first time.
  • "The Sociology of Medical Screening: Critical Perspectives, New Directions presents a series of readings that provide an up-to-date overview of the diverse sociological issues relating to population-based medical screening. Features new research data in most of the contributions. Includes contributions from eminent sociologists such as David Armstrong, Stefan Timmermans, and Alison Pilnick. Represents one of the only collections to specifically address the sociology of medical screening"--Provided by publisher.
  • Introduction -- South Texas population characteristics -- Access to healthcare in South Texas -- Communicable diseases -- Cancer incidence and mortality -- Maternal and child health -- Chronic disease -- Behavioral risk factors in adults -- Environmental health issues -- Injury -- Conclusions and recommendations -- Appendix A: data sources -- Appendix B: data analysis methods -- Appendix C: South Texas county demographics 2010.
  • Strategic Urban Health Communication Charles C. Okigbo, editor People are bombarded with messages continuously and sorting through them constantly. In this milieu, critical ideas about health promotion and illness prevention are forced to compete with distracting, conflicting, even contradictory information. To get vital messages through, communication must be effective, targeted, artful-in a word, strategic. Strategic Urban Health Communication provides a road map for understanding strategy, enhancing strategic planning skills, and implementing strategic communication campaigns. Deftly written chapters link the art and science of strategic planning to world health goals such as reducing health inequities and eradicating diseases. Flexibility is at the heart of these cases, which span developed and developing countries, uses of traditional and digital media, and chronic and acute health challenges. And the contributors ground their dispatches in the larger context of health promotion, giving readers useful examples of thinking globally while working locally. Included in the coverage: Urbanization, population, and health myths: addressing common misconceptions. Integrating HIV/family planning programs: opportunities for strategic communication. The role of sports in strategic health promotion in low-income areas. The Internet as a sex education tool: a case study from Thailand. Advertising and childhood obesity in China. Health communication strategies for sustainable development in a globalized world. Balancing depth of understanding of audiences and methods of reaching them, Strategic Urban Health Communication is a forward-looking resource geared toward professionals and researchers in urban health, global health, and health communication.
  • "The second WHO report builds on the growing sense of optimism generated by the 2012 publication of the WHO roadmap. Commitments on the part of ministries of health in endemic countries, global health initiatives, funding agencies and philanthropists have escalated since 2010, as have donations of medicines from pharmaceutical companies and the engagement of the scientific community. This report marks a new phase and assesses opportunities and obstacles in the control, elimination and eradication of several of these diseases. Unprecedented progress over the past two years has revealed unprecedented needs for refinements in control strategies, and new technical tools and protocols. The substantial increases in donations of medicines made since the previous report call for innovations that simplify and refine delivery strategies. However, some diseases, including especially deadly ones like human African trypanosomiasis and visceral Leishmaniasis, remain extremely difficult and costly to treat. The control of Buruli ulcer, Chagas disease and yaws is hampered by imperfect technical tools, although recent developments for yaws look promising. The report highlights progress against these especially challenging diseases, being made through the development of innovative and intensive management strategies. innovations in vector control deserve more attention as playing a key part in reducing transmission and disease burden, especially for dengue, Chagas disease and the Leishmaniases. Achieving universal health coverage with essential health interventions for neglected tropical diseases will be a powerful equalizer that abolishes distinctions between the rich and the poor, the young and the old, ethnic groups, and women and men."--P. 4 of cover.
  • Toward a comprehensive strategy for terrorism and homeland security / Paul R. Viotti -- The search for national and homeland security : an integrated grand strategy / Robert H. Dorff -- Assured vulnerability : homeland security and the cold war legacy of defenselessness / David Goldfischer -- Terrorism and deterrence by denial / James M. Smith and Brent J. Talbot -- The importance of multinational and transnational cooperation strategies for homeland security / Veronica M. Kitchen and Gregory J. Moore -- WMD terrorism : new threats, revised responses / Jeffrey A. Larsen and James J. Wirtz -- Nuclear and radioactive threats to homeland security : prevention and response / Fred L. Wehling and Jeremy Tamsett -- Comparative risk analysis : biological terrorism, pandemics, and other "forgotten" catastrophic disaster threats / Terrence M. O'Sullivan -- Homeland security strategy and policy choices : a local government perspective / Greg Moser -- Democracy, civil society and the damage-limitation component of strategy / Alexander C. Diener and Timothy W. Crawford -- Transportation as a component of homeland security strategy / Joseph S. Szyliowicz -- Redefining U.S. energy security in the twenty-first century / Kevin King -- Afterword: terrorism and securing the homeland / Michael A. Opheim and Nicholas H. Bowen.
  • Tobacco. 2nd ed. 2010, OSO
    "Comprehensively covers the science and policy issues relevant to one of the major public health disasters of modern times. It pulls together the etiology and burden of the myriad of tobacco-related diseases with the successes and failures of tobacco control policies. The book looks at lessons learnt to help set health policy for reducing the burden of tobacco-related diseases. It also deals with the international public health policy issues which bear on control of the problem of tobacco use and which vary between continents."--Publisher's description
  • ""This book makes a great leap in the conceptualization of transdisciplinary approaches, as well as provides concrete examples in practice, teaching, policy, and research."" -From the Foreword by Edward F. Lawlor, dean and the William E. Gordon Distinguished Professor, the Brown School; and founding director, Institute for Public Health at Washington University in St. Louis The complexity of public health and social problems is becoming more challenging. Understanding and designing solutions for these problems requires perspectives from multiple disciplines and fields as well
  • "The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage"--Publisher's description.
  • Global health : past, present and future /Amir A. Khaliq and Raymond A. Smego, Jr. --The global burden of disease /Thuy D. Bui and William H. Markle --Epidemiology, biostatistics, and surveillance /Christopher Martin --The health of women/mothers and children /Judy Lewis, Monika Doshi, Deyanira Gonzalez de Leon, and Amany Refaat --Human trafficking /Clydette Powell --Environmental health in the global context /Jeffrey K. Griffiths and Edward Winant --Nutrition /Clydette Powell and John R. Butterly --Primary care in global health /Jeffrey F. Markuns and Alain J. Montegut --Malaria /Paul R. Larson and Mark W. Meyer --Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS /Lisa V. Adams and Godfrey B. Woelk --The neglected tropical diseases /Gregory Juckett --Emerging diseases and antimicrobial resistance /Arif R. Sarwari and Rashida A. Khakoo --Injury and global health /Jeffry P. McKinzie --Surgical issues in global health /Eileen S. Natuzzi, et al. --Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief /Sheri Fink, Vera Sistenich, and Clydette Powell --Aging populations and chronic illness /Wayne A. Hale, Jane D. Joubert, and Sebastiana Kalula --Global mental health : the world mental health surveys perspective /Jordi Alonso, Somnath Chatterji, Yanling He, Philip S. Wang, and Ronald C. Kessler --Global health communications, social marketing, and emerging communication technologies /Gary Snyder --Economics and global health /Kevin Chan --Health systems, management, and organization in global health /David Zakus, Onil Bhattacharyya, and Xiaolin Wei --Global health ethics /Anvar Velji and John H. Bryant --Education and careers in global health /Jessica Evert and Scott Loeliger.
  • "This publication addresses the broader issues of social cost-benefit analysis performed on options to invest in drinking-water supplies, with a focus on small community suppliers"--Back cover.
  • "Variation in Health Care Spending investigates geographic variation in health care spending and quality for Medicare beneficiaries as well as other populations, and analyzes Medicare payment policies that could encourage high-value care. This report concludes that regional differences in Medicare and commercial health care spending and use are real and persist over time. Furthermore, there is much variation within geographic areas, no matter how broadly or narrowly these areas are defined. The report recommends against adoption of a geographically based value index for Medicare payments, because the majority of health care decisions are made at the provider or health care organization level, not by geographic units. Rather, to promote high value services from all providers, Medicare and Medicaid Services should continue to test payment reforms that offer incentives to providers to share clinical data, coordinate patient care, and assume some financial risk for the care of their patients."--Publisher's description.
  • "This document provides guidance for managing water supplies in buildings where people may drink water; use water for food preparation; wash, shower, swim or use water for other recreational activities; or be exposed to aerosols produced by water-using devices, such as cooling towers. These uses occur in a variety of buildings, such as hospitals, schools, child and aged care, medical and dental facilities, hotels, apartment blocks, sport centers, commercial buildings and transport terminals"--Publisher's description.
  • "Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common. Schools, particularly those in rural areas, often completely lack drinking-water and sanitation and handwashing facilities; alternatively, where such facilities do exist they are often inadequate in both quality and quantity. Schools with poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and intense levels of person-to-person contact, are high-risk environments for children and staff, and exacerbate children's particular susceptibility to environmental health hazards. Children's ability to learn may be affected by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in several ways. These include helminth infections (which affect hundreds of millions of school-age children), long-term exposure to chemical contaminants in water (e.g. lead and arsenic), diarrhoeal diseases and malaria infections, all of which force many schoolchildren to be absent from school. Poor environmental conditions in the classroom can also make both teaching and learning very difficult. Girls and boys are likely to be affected in different ways by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in schools, and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities. Sometimes, girls and female teachers are more affected than boys because the lack of sanitary facilities means that they cannot attend school during menstruation. The international policy environment increasingly reflects these issues. Providing adequate levels of water supply, sanitation and hygiene in schools is of direct relevance to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals of achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and reducing child mortality. It is also supportive of other goals, especially those on major diseases and infant mortality." - p. iii
  • Second in a series of WHO reports on the global tobacco epidemic. Tracks the status of the tobacco epidemic and the impact of interventions implemented to stop it.
  • This landmark new report presents the first comprehensive worldwide analysis of tobacco use and control efforts. It provides countries with a roadmap to reverse the devastating global tobacco epidemic that could kill up to one billion people by the end of this century. The report outlines the MPOWER package, a set of six key tobacco control measures that reflect and build on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
  • "Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) blight the lives of a billion people worldwide and threaten the health of millions more. These ancient companions of poverty weaken impoverished populations, frustrate the achievement of health in the Millennium Development Goals and impede global development outcomes. A more reliable evaluation of their significance to public health and economies has convinced governments, donors, the pharmaceutical industry and other agencies, including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), to invest in preventing and controlling this diverse group of diseases. Global efforts to control "hidden" diseases, such as dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease), leprosy, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis and yaws, have yielded progressive health gains including the imminent eradication of dracunculiasis. Since 1989 (when most endemic countries began reporting monthly from each endemic village), the number of new dracunculiasis cases has fallen from 892 055 in 12 endemic countries to 3190 in 4 countries in 2009, a decrease of more than 99%. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends five public-health strategies for the prevention and control of NTDs: preventive chemotherapy; intensified case-management; vector control; the provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene; and veterinary public health (that is, applying veterinary sciences to ensure the health and well-being of humans). Although one approach may predominate for control of a specific disease or group of diseases, evidence suggests that more effective control results when all five approaches are combined and delivered locally." - p. vii
  • The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015 and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Policies, strategies, goals and targets for malaria control and elimination -- 3. Financing malaria control -- 4. Vector control for malaria -- 5. Preventive therapies for malaria -- 6. Diagnostic testing and treatment of malaria -- 7. Malaria surveillance -- 8. Changes in malaria incidence and mortality -- Regional profiles -- Country profiles -- Annexes.
  • "Child injuries have been neglected for many years, and are largely absent from child survival initiatives presently on the global agenda. Through this World report on child injury prevention, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and many partners have set out to elevate child injury to a priority for the global public health and development communities. The knowledge and experience of nearly two hundred experts from all continents and various sectors were invaluable in grounding the report in the realities faced in many countries. This World report on child injury prevention should be seen as a complement to the UN Secretary-General's study on violence against children released in late 2006. That report addressed violence-related or intentional injuries. Both reports suggest that child injury and violence prevention programmes need to be integrated into child survival and other broad strategies focused on improving the lives of children. Evidence demonstrates the dramatic successes in child injury prevention in countries which have made a concerted effort. These results make a case for increasing investments in human resources and institutional capacities. This would permit the development, implementation and evaluation of programmes to stem the tide of child injury and enhance the health and well-being of children and their families the world over. Implementing proven interventions could save more than a thousand children's lives a day." - p. vii
  • Understanding disability -- Disability: a global picture -- General health care -- Rehabilitation -- Assistance and support -- Enabling environments -- Education -- Work and employment -- The way forward: recommendations.
all 230 titles

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