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- Acceptable risk in biomedical research European perspectives — Handbook of work disability prevention and management (100)
- Hazardous substances and human health exposure impact and external cost assessment at the European scale — Self-reported population health an international perspective based on EQ-5D (100)
- Serial murder and the psychology of violent crimes — World report on disability (35)
- Hazardous substances and human health exposure impact and external cost assessment at the European scale 2006ScienceDirect
- From a theory group to a theory book / Louise Potvin and Laura Balbo -- Modernity, public health, and health promotion : a reflexive discourse / Louise Potvin and David V. McQueen -- Critical issues in theory for health promotion / David V. McQueen -- Cultural capital in health promotion / Thomas Abel -- Understanding differentiation of health in late modernity by use of sociological systems theory / Jürgen M. Pelikan -- Managing uncertainty through participation / Louise Potvin -- Thinking health promotion sociologically / Laura Balbo -- Health governance : the health society / Ilona Kickbusch.
- Revitalising the public health evidence base: an asset model -- A salutogenic approach to tackling health inequalities -- A theoretical model of assets: the link -- Asset mapping in communities -- Assets based interventions: evaluating and synthesizing evidence of the effectiveness of the assets based approach to health promotion -- Resilience as an asset for healthy development -- How to assess resilience: reflections on a measurement model -- Measuring children's well-being: some problems and possibilities -- The relationship between health assets, social capital and cohesive communities -- Community empowerment and health improvement: the English experience -- Strengthening the assets of women living in disadvantaged situations: the German experience -- Sustainable community-based health and development programs in rural India -- The application and evaluation of an assets-based model in Latin America and the Caribbean: the experience with the healthy settings approach -- Parents and communities' assets to control under-five child malaria in rural Benin, West Africa -- Strengthening asset focused policy making in Hungary -- How forms in social capital can be an asset for promoting health equity -- Internal and external assets and Romanian adolescents' health: an evidence-based approach to health promoting schools policy -- Bringing it all together: the salutogenic response to some of the most pertinent public health dilemmas.
- Health care advocacy a guide for busy clinicians 2011SpringerClinicians and Health Care Advocacy: The Reasons Why -- How Does Federal Health Policy Work? -- Tools and Resources to Build Advocacy Skills -- Opportunities for Advocacy in the Legislative Branch -- The Rules of the Game -- Advocacy in the Executive Branch of Government -- Establishing a Health Policy Strategy at the Association Level -- Building Partnerships and Coalition Advocacy -- State-Level Advocacy -- Local Advocacy for the Health Care Professional -- Clinicians and Health Care Advocacy: What Comes Next?.
- Part I Introduction -- Theorizing, empiricizing and analyzing health care utilization in Germany: An introduction -- Part II Theory -- Re-revisiting the Behavioral Model of Health Care Utilization by Andersen: A review on theoretical advances and perspectives -- Health care utilization within the system of statutory sickness funds in Germany -- Part III Methodology -- The problem of repeated surveys: How comparable are their results regarding utilization of medical services? -- Health care utilization research using secondary data -- Health care utilization: Insights from qualitative research -- Part IV Results: Selected determinants -- Gender and utilization of health care -- Socioeconomic status and health care utilization in Germany: A systematic review -- Migration and health care utilization in the European context -- How do socioeconomic factors influence the amount and intensity of services utilization by family caregivers of elderly dependents? -- Part IV b Results: Selected diseases -- Health care utilization by dementia patients living at home and their kins -- Utilization of general practitioners by obese men and women: Review for Germany and results from the MONICA/KORA cohorts S3/F3 and S4/F4 -- Utilization of physiotherapy by patients with rheumatic diseases -- Participation in self-help activities amongst patients with rheumatic diseases -- Part IV b Results: Selected sectors of care -- Social determinants of utilization of psychotherapy in Germany -- Variation in the use of prevention and health promotion services according to gender, age, socioeconomic, and migration status -- Utilisation of an Integrated Care Pilot in Germany: Morbidity, age and sex distribution of Gesundes Kinzigtal Integrated Care membership in 2006-08 -- Part V Extroduction -- Health care utilization: A concluding note on research prospects.
- Health impact assessment in the United States 2014SpringerPart I. Context for HIA: integrating public health, planning and policy development -- Part II. Introduction to core concepts and key examples of HIA -- Part III. Applied learning: Conducting an HIA -- Part IV. HIA today and tomorrow.
- Health in All Policies: A Guide for State and Local Governments starts with background information on the concept of Health in All Policies in order to ground the reader in key concepts and definitions. Part I includes an overview of the social determinants of health and describes Health in All Policies as an approach to address these key drivers of health outcomes and health inequities. The authors discuss the connections between health, equity, and sustainability and describe the importance of addressing equity and sustainability in order to build healthy communities. Part I also includes an overview of the key principles of Health in All Policies, a description of a healthy community as a goal for Health in All Policies work, and an international history of Health in All Policies.
- Health in the green economy health co-benefits of climate change mitigation - housing sector. 2011WHO1. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
- Health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people building a foundation for better understanding 2011ebraryAt a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.
- Health of sexual minorities public health perspectives on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations 2007Springerpt. 3. Prejudice and pride in health -- ch.8. Sexual stigma : putting sexual minority health issues in context / Gregory M. Herek, Regina Chopp, and Darryl Strohl -- ch. 9. Globalization, structural violence, and LGBT health : a cross-cultural perspective / Mark B. Padilla, Ernesto Vásquez del Aguila, and Richard G. Parker -- ch. 10. Prejudice and discrimination as social stressors / Ilan H. Meyer -- ch. 11, Determinants of health among two-spirit American Indians and Alaska natives / Karen C. Fieland, Karina L. Walters, and Jane M. Simoni -- ch. 12. "I don't fit anywhere" : how race and sexuality shape Latino gay and bisexual men's health / Jesus Ramirez-Valles -- ch. 13. Black LGB health and well-being / Juan Battle and Martha Crum -- pt. 4. Research methodologies -- ch. 14. Defining and measuring sexual orientation for research / Randal L. Sell -- ch. 15. Sampling in surveys of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people / Diane Binson, Johnny Blair, David M. Heubner, and William J. Woods -- ch. 16. Researching gay men's health : the promise of qualitative methodology / Gary W. Dowsett -- ch. 17. From science fiction to computer-generated technology : sampling lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals / Esther D. Rothblum -- ch. 18. Using community-based participatory research to understand and eliminate social disparities in health for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations / Mary E. Northridge, Brian P. McGrath, and Sam Quan Krueger -- pt. 5. Health concerns -- ch. 19. Transgender health concerns / Anne A. Lawrence -- ch. 20. Health care of lesbian and bisexual women / Katherine A. O'Hanlan and Christy M. Isler -- ch. 21. Cancer and sexual minority women / Deborah J. Bowen, Ulrike Boehmer, and Marla Russo -- ch. 22. HIV/AIDS prevention research among black men who have sex with men : current progress and future directions / Gregorio A. Millett, David Malebranche, and John L. Peterson -- ch. 23. LGBT tobacco and alcohol disparities / Gregory L. Greenwood and Elisabeth P. Gruskin -- ch. 24. Methamphetamine use and its relation to HIV risk : data from Latino gay men in San Francisco / Rafael M. Díaz -- pt. 6. Healthcare systems and services -- ch. 25. Improving access to health care among African-American, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations / Patrick A. Wilson and Hirokazu Yoshikawa -- ch. 26. Public health and trans-people : barriers to care and strategies to improve treatment / Emilia Lombardi -- ch. 27. HIV prevention and care for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender youths : "Best practices" from existing programs and policies / Joyce Hunter and Jan Baer -- ch. 28. Fenway community health's model of integrated, community-based LGBT care, education, and research / Kenneth H. Mayer, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Rodney VanDerwarker, Hilary Goldhammer, and Judith B. Bradford -- Index.
- The Evolution of Healthcare Infrastructure -- History of Health Determinants -- Public Health Success When Simple -- Public Health Failure When Complex -- Medicine Success When Simple -- Medicine Failure When Complex -- Medical Records for Health Systems -- Health Determinants for Individuals and Populations -- Measurement of Individual Activity (Explicit Text) -- Sensors for Individual Ability (Implicit Data) -- Genomes for Individual Ability (Features) -- Networks for Population Function (Persons) -- Mobile Monitors for Health Systems -- The Future of Healthcare Infrastructure.
- Healthy California 2000 final review California's experience in achieving the national health promotion and disease prevention objectives"This report is the last in this series."--P. i.
- Helminth control in school-age children a guide for managers of control programmes.. 2nd ed. 2011WHO
- "The joint WHO and UN-HABITAT report, Hidden cities: unmasking and overcoming health inequities in urban settings, is being released at a turning point in human history. For the first time ever, the majority of the world's population is living in cities, and this proportion continues to grow ... The number of urban residents is growing by nearly 60 million every year. This demographic transition from rural to urban, or urbanization, has far-reaching consequences ... " - p. ix
- 1. Prevention of HIV Infection in the Absence of a Vaccine -- 2. Study Report on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission for HIV+ Pregnant Mothers in the Yunnan Province -- 3. Antiretroviral Treatment Compliance in the Wenlou Village of Henan Province: A Case Study in Rural China -- 4. HIV/AIDS Treatment and Control in India and the Millennium Development Goals -- 5. HIV Treatment Scale-Up in Africa: The Impact of Drug Resistance -- 6. A Practical Way to Improve Access to Essential Medicines Against Major Infectious Diseases -- 7. When will most AIDS patients in the world have access to effective antiretroviral therapy?
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and breastfeeding science, research advances, and policy 2012SpringerPart 1. Transmission of HIV-1 infection to the infant through breastfeeding -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of HIV-1: Epidemiology and Global Magnitude / Mary Glenn Fowler, Athena P. Kourtis, Jim Aizire, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi and Marc Bulterys -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of Viruses Other than HIV-1 / Claire L. Townsend, Catherine S. Peckham and Claire Thorne -- Breastfeeding Among HIV-1 Infected Women: Maternal Health Outcomes and Social Repercussions / Elizabeth Stringer and Kate Shearer -- Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the Breastfed Infant / Chin-Yih Ou, Susan Fiscus, Dennis Ellenberger, Bharat Parekh and Christine Korhonen, et al. -- Part 2. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Virology -- Virologic Determinants of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Susan A. Fiscus and Grace M. Aldrovandi -- HIV-1 Resistance to Antiretroviral Agents: Relevance to Mothers and Infants in the Breastfeeding Setting / Michelle S. McConnell and Paul Palumbo -- Animal Models of HIV Transmission Through Breastfeeding and Pediatric HIV Infection / Koen K. A. Van Rompay and Kartika Jayashankar -- Antiretroviral Pharmacology in Breast Milk / Amanda H. Corbett -- Part 3. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Immunology -- The Immune System of Breast Milk: Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Properties / Philippe Lepage and Philippe Van de Perre -- B Lymphocyte-Derived Humoral Immune Defenses in Breast Milk Transmission of the HIV-1 / Laurent Bélec and Athena P. Kourtis -- Cellular Immunity in Breast Milk: Implications for Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 to the Infant / Steffanie Sabbaj, Chris C. Ibegbu and Athena P. Kourtis -- Part 4. Prevention of breast milk transmission of HIV-1 -- Antiretroviral Drugs During Breastfeeding for the Prevention of Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 / Athena P. Kourtis, Isabelle de Vincenzi, Denise J. Jamieson and Marc Bulterys -- Immune Approaches for the Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Barbara Lohman-Payne, Jennifer Slyker and Sarah L. Rowland-Jones -- Non-antiretroviral Approaches to Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1: Exclusive Breastfeeding, Early Weaning, Treatment of Expressed Breast Milk / Jennifer S. Read -- Breast Milk Micronutrients and Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 / Monal R. Shroff and Eduardo Villamor -- Part 5. Research Implementation and Policy Related to Breastfeeding by HIV-1-Infected Mothers -- Historical Perspective of African-Based Research on HIV-1 Transmission Through Breastfeeding: The Malawi Experience / Taha E. Taha -- Breastfeeding and HIV Infection in China / Christine Korhonen, Liming Wang, Linhong Wang, Serena Fuller and Fang Wang, et al. -- The Role of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Infant and Young Child Feeding Guideline Development and Program Implementation / Michelle R. Adler, Margaret Brewinski, Amie N. Heap and Omotayo Bolu -- HIV-1 and Breastfeeding in the United States / Kristen M. Little, Dale J. Hu and Ken L. Dominguez -- Part 6. DEBATE: Should Women With HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? Balancing the Scientific Evidence, Ethical Issues and Cost-Policy Considerations -- Pendulum Swings in HIV-1 and Infant Feeding Policies: Now Halfway Back / Louise Kuhn and Grace Aldrovandi -- Should Women with HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? It Depends on the Setting / Grace John-Stewart and Ruth Nduati -- Part 7. The Epilogue -- The Future of Breastfeeding in the Face of HIV-1 Infection: Science and Policy / Marc Bulterys and Athena P. Kourtis.
- Impact of energy balance on cancer disparities 2014SpringerObesity and Cancer in Appalachia -- Disparities in Cancer Outcomes A UK Perspective -- Behavioral Differences Leading to Disparities in Energy Balance and Cancer -- Impact of obesity, race, and ethnicity on cancer survivorship -- The biology of aging: Role in cancer, metabolic dysfunction and health disparities -- Energy Balance and Multiple Myeloma in African Americans -- Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Obesity and Inflammatory Genes in African Americans with Colorectal Cancer -- Ethnic Differences in Insulin Resistance as a mediator of Cancer Disparities -- Role of ethnic differences in mediators of energy balance -- Community-Based Strategies to Alter Energy Balance in Underserved Breast Cancer Survivors -- The role of policy in reducing inflammation -- Cancer Prevention through Policy Interventions that Alter Childhood Disparities in Energy.
- "Many Americans believe that the United States has one of the best health-care systems in the world and that consequently Americans enjoy better health than most of the world's populations. The data, however, do not support that belief. In fact, the United States is ranked 32nd in the world in life expectancy even though it is ranked third in total expenditures on health care as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). Clearly, good health is determined by more than money spent on the health-care system. In fact, a growing body of research indicates that living conditions - including such factors as housing quality, exposure to pollution, and access to healthy and affordable foods and safe places to exercise - have a greater effect on health. That research highlights the importance of considering health in developing policies, programs, plans, and projects, including ones that may not appear at first to have an obvious relationship to health. Health impact assessment (HIA) has arisen as an especially promising way to factor health considerations into the decision-making process. It has been defined in various ways but essentially is a structured process that uses scientific data, professional expertise, and stakeholder input to identify and evaluate public-health consequences of proposals and suggests actions that could be taken to minimize adverse health impacts and optimize beneficial ones"--Publisher's description.
- Introduction -- Physical activity and adherence -- Improving dietary adherence -- Medication adherence -- Smoking cessation and adherence -- Cancer screening adherence -- Hormonal contraceptives and adherence -- Chronic pain and adherence -- Adherence and psychotherapy -- Adherence to treatment for depression -- Adherence in the treatment of HIV and other infectious diseases -- Adherence and substance use -- Special considerations of medication adherence in childhood and adolescence -- Special considerations of adherence in older adults.
- Increasing access to health workers in remote and rural areas through improved retention global policy recommendations. 2010WHO"Half the world's people currently live in rural and remote areas. The problem is that most health workers live and work in cities. This imbalance is common to almost all countries and poses a major challenge to the nationwide provision of health services. Its impact, however, is most severe in low income countries. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) has therefore drawn up a comprehensive set of strategies to help countries encourage health workers to live and work in remote and rural areas. These include refining the ways students are selected and educated, as well as creating better working and living conditions. ... The guidelines ... complement the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, adopted by the Sixty-third World Health Assembly in May 2010. The Code offers a framework to manage international migration over the medium to longer term. The guidelines are a tool that can be used straight away to address one of the first triggers to internal and international migration - dissatisfaction with living and working conditions in rural areas. Together, the code of practice and these new guidelines provide countries with instruments to improve workforce distribution and enhance health services." - p. i
- pt. I. Essentials in clinical microbiology -- pt. II. Antimicrobials -- pt. III. Infection control -- pt. IV. Infections on ICU -- pt. V. Special topics.
- Innovating for healthy urbanization 2015Springer
- INSERM collective expert evaluation reports 2000-NCBI BookshelfA collection of syntheses of the international scientific literature and recommendations on public health problems, by Inserm's expert advisory groups.
- Integrated behavioral health in primary care evaluating the evidence, identifying the essentials 2013SpringerPart I: Essentials of Integrated Behavioral Health Care -- Introduction and Overview of Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care -- Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: A Common Language -- Integrated Behavioral Health and the Patient-Centered Medical Home -- Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: The Critical Importance of Behavioral Health in Health Care Policy -- Part II: Review of Integrated Systems of Care Initiatives -- The State of the Evidence for Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care -- Community-Based Participatory Research: Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health Care Through Novel Partnerships -- Integrated Behavioral Health in Public Health Care Contexts: Community Health and Mental Health Safety Net Systems -- The Financial History and Near Future of Integrated Behavioral Health Care -- Department of Defense Integrated Behavioral Health in the Patient-Centered Medical Home -- Part III: Review of Collaborative Behavioral Health Clinical Services -- Collaborative Partnerships Within Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care -- Identifi cation of Behavioral Health Needs in Integrated Behavioral and Primary Care Settings -- Screening Measures in Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care Settings -- Implementing Clinical Interventions in Integrated Behavioral Health Settings: Best Practices and Essential Elements -- Working with Complexity in Integrated Behavioral Health Settings -- Part IV: Connecting Concepts, Research and Practice -- Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Summarizing the Lay of the Land, Marking the Best Practices, Identifying Barriers, and Mapping New Territory.
- Intellectual property and health technologies balancing innovation and the public's health 2014SpringerIntroduction to intellectual property -- Obtaining, enforcing and defending patents -- The patent-eligibility of genes -- Medical procedure patents -- Rights and roles of universities and inventors -- Drug development : balancing innovation, access and profits -- Patent battles part I : small-molecule drugs -- Patent battles part II : the Biosimilars Act and biologics -- International patent law, trade law, and access to drugs.
- Interdisciplinary public health reasoning and epidemic modelling the case of Black Death 2005SpringerToward an interdisciplinary methodology -- Stochastic modelling -- Black Death: the background -- Mathematical formulation of the knowledge bases -- Spatiotemporal mapping of the epidemic -- Epea pteroenta.
- International public health policy and ethics 2008Springer
- Introduction to statistical methods for biosurveillance with an emphasis on syndromic surveillance 2013Cambridge"While the public health philosophy of the 20th Century -- emphasizing prevention -- is ideal for addressing natural disease outbreaks, it is not sufficient to confront 21st Century threats where adversaries may use biological weapons agents as part of a long-term campaign of aggression and terror. Health care providers and public health officers are among our first lines of defense. Therefore, we are building on the progress of the past three years to further improve the preparedness of our public health and medical systems to address current and future BW [biological warfare] threats and to respond with greater speed and flexibility to multiple or repetitive attacks." Homeland Security Presidential Directive 21 Bioterrorism is not a new threat in the 21st century -- thousands of years ago the plague and other contagious diseases were used in warfare -- but today the potential for catastrophic outcomes is greater than it has ever been. To address this threat, the medical and public health communities are putting various measures in place, including systems designed to pro-actively mon- itor populations for possible disease outbreaks"--Provided by publisher.
- Jekel's Epidemiology, biostatistics, preventive medicine, and public health. 4th ed. 2014ClinicalKeyBasic epidemiologic concepts and principles -- Epidemiologic data measurements -- Epidemiologic surveillance and epidemic outbreak investigation -- The study of risk factors and causation -- Common research designs and issues in epidemiology -- Assessment of risk and benefit in epidemiologic studies -- Understanding the quality of data in clinical medicine -- Statistical foundations of clinical decisions -- Describing variation in data -- Statistical inference and hypothesis testing -- Bivariate analysis -- Applying statistics to trial design: sample size, randomization, and control for multiple hypotheses -- Multivariable analysis -- Introduction to preventive medicine -- Methods of primary prevention: health promotion -- Principles and practice of secondary prevention -- Methods of tertiary prevention -- Clinical preventive services (United States Preventive Services Task Force) -- Chronic disease prevention -- Prevention of infectious diseases -- Mental and behavioral health -- Occupational medicine -- Birth outcomes: a global perspective -- Introduction to public health -- Public health system: structure and function -- Public health practice in communities -- Disaster epidemiology and surveillance -- Heatlh management, health administration, and quality improvement -- Health care organization, policy, and financing -- One health: interdependence of people, other species, and the planet.
- Knowledge management in public health 2010CRCnetBASEThe quick basics of knowledge management / Jay Liebowitz -- Knowledge management and public health : a winning combination / Jay Liebowitz, Richard A. Schieber, and Joanne D. Andreadis -- Extending cross-generational knowledge flow research in edge organizations / Jay Liebowitz and Emil Ivanov -- Knowledge retention trends and strategies for knowledge workers and organizations / Masud Cader and Jay Liebowitz -- Examples of knowledge management in public health / Angela M. Fix, Sterling Elliott, and Irene Stephens -- Building knowledge management in an international health NGO / Richard Iams and Patricia Ringers -- Trying to revive an anemic system : a case study from USAID's Nutrition Division / Laura Birx -- Formulating KM strategies at the local level : a new approach to knowledge sharing in large public health organizations / Richard Van West-Charles and Arthur J. Murray -- Knowledge management : a mechanism for promoting evidence-informed public health decision making / Maureen Dobbins ... [et al.] -- myPublicHealth : utilizing knowledge management to improve public health practice and decision making / Debra Revere ... [et al.] -- Connections : sharing experience to advance public health practice / Ellen Wild and Debra Bara -- The association of public health laboratories : from surveys toward knowledge management, a voyage to Cythera / Robert Rej and Neha Desai.
- Lead and public health science, risk and regulation 2011ScienceDirectThe book presents a detailed assessment of the health science of lead and the human health risk assessment models for lead's human health impacts, followed by an account of various regulatory efforts in the United States and elsewhere to eliminate or reduce human toxic exposures to lead. The science of lead as presented here covers releases of lead into the environment, lead's movement through the environment to reach humans who are then exposed, and the spectrum of toxic effects, particularly low-level toxic effects, on the developing central nervous system of the very young child. The section on human health risk assessment deals with quantifying not only the dose-response relationships that underlie toxic responses to lead in sensitive populations but also with the likelihood of toxic responses vis-vis environmental lead at some level of exposure. This section includes a treatment of computer models of lead exposure, particularly those that use lead in whole blood as a key measure. Various models convert lead intake via various body compartments into measures of body lead burden. Such measures are then directly related to severity of injury. The final section of the book deals with past and present regulatory efforts to control lead releases into the human environment. Current control efforts present a mixed picture. The most problematic issue is the continued presence of lead paint in older housing and lead in soils of urban and mining industry communities. Comprehensive assessment of the three major facets of the public health problem of lead: the voluminous science, the risk assessment approaches, and approaches to controlling lead as a public health problem. Integration of the above three elements to provide a coherent whole Provides a single source of information that will be extremely valuable to all professionals working in areas impacted by this toxic substance.
- Leprosy-- a practical guide 2012SpringerPart 1. GENERAL SECTION / History and Phylogeography of Leprosy / Stewart T. Cole and Pushpendra Singh -- Microbiology / Andrea Clapasson and Silvia Canata -- Genetics of Leprosy / Vinicius Medeiros Fava and Marcelo Távora Mira -- Host Response to M. leprae / Rodrigo Ribeiro-Rodrigues -- Pathogenesis / Cesare Massone and Enrico Nunzi -- Classification / Cesare Massone and Alexandra M. G. Brunasso -- Part 2. PATIENT'S EXAMINATION -- Patient History / Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto -- Laboratory Investigations / Andrea Clapasson and Silvia Canata -- Part 3. SKIN -- Physical Examination: Skin / Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto -- Clinical Features / Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto -- Lucio-Latapí Leprosy / Mario Magaña -- Histopathology of the Skin / Cesare Massone -- Differential Diagnosis: Skin / Enrico Nunzi and Salvatore Noto -- Part 4. NERVES -- Peripheral Nerves in Leprosy / Bernard Naafs and José Antônio Garbino -- The Leprosy Neuropathy / Lizia Reni, Salvatore Noto and Pieter A. M. Schreuder -- Primary Neural Leprosy / José Antônio Garbino and Bernard Naafs -- Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Leprosy / José Antônio Garbino, Bernard Naafs and Pedro Schestatsky -- Electrodiagnostic Studies / Lizia Reni -- Imaging / Carlo Martinoli, Leila Oppezzi and Alberto Tagliafico -- Differential Diagnosis: Nerves / Lizia Reni -- Part 5. Reactions in Leprosy / Reactions in Leprosy / Bernard Naafs and Salvatore Noto -- Lucio's Phenomenon / Mario Magaña -- Part 6. SYSTEMIC INVOLVEMENT -- Ocular Involvement in Leprosy / Susan Lewallen and Paul Courtright -- Otolaryngological Manifestations of Leprosy / Sinésio Talhari, Camila Bandeira de Oliveira and Carolina Talhari -- Other Organs / Enrico Nunzi and Salvatore Noto -- Part 7. PATIENT'S MANAGEMENT -- Diagnostic Work-Up / Enrico Nunzi, Cesare Massone and Salvatore Noto -- Drugs in Leprosy / Sinésio Talhari and Mahreen Ameen -- Treatment and Prophylaxis / Pierre Bobin -- Prognosis / Enrico Nunzi -- Neurolysis / Sergio S. G. Gennaro -- Prevention of Disability and Ulcer Care / J. Wim Brandsma and Hugh Cross -- Surgical and Social Rehabilitation / J. Wim Brandsma and Sunil Deepak -- Part 8. LEPROSY AND COMMUNITY -- Leprosy in Pregnancy / Elizabeth Duncan -- Leprosy and HIV/AIDS Co-infection / Sinésio Talhari and Carolina Talhari -- Epidemiology of Leprosy / Salvatore Noto and Pieter A. M. Schreuder -- Leprosy Control / Sunil Deepak and Giovanni Gazzoli -- Teledermatology / Cesare Massone and Antonio Pedro Mendes Schettini -- The Leprosy Mailing List / Salvatore Noto.
- Lifestyle medicine. 2nd ed. 2013CRCnetBASEPt. 1. Lifestyle management and prevention of cardiovascular disease / James M. Rippe -- pt. 2. Nutritional aspects of lifestyle medicine / Johanna Dwyer -- pt. 3. Physical activity and fitness / Theodore J. Angelopoulos -- pt. 4. Behavioral psychology / Bess Marcus -- pt. 5. Women's health / Pamela M. Peeke -- pt. 6. Men's health / Craig Garfield -- pt. 7. Endocrinology and metabolism / Samuel Crockett -- pt. 8. Lifestyle issues in the prevention and treatment of cancer / Clarence H. Brown, III and Naren Ramakrishna -- pt. 9. Obesity and weight management / John P. Foreyt -- pt. 10. Immunology and infectious disease / David Nieman -- pt. 11. Pulmonary medicine / Nicholas A. Smyrnios -- pt. 12. Sports medicine and orthopedics / Eric McCarty and Sourav K. Poddar -- pt. 13. Obstetrics and gynecology / Hope A. Ricciotti -- pt. 14. Dermatology / Zoe Diana Draelos -- pt. 15. Cardiovascular rehabilitation and secondary prevention / Kathy Berra and Barry A. Franklin -- pt. 16. Lifestyle components of pediatric medicine / Thomas W. Rowland -- pt. 17. Family practice / Charles B. Eaton -- pt. 18. Lifestyle medicine in geriatrics / Charlotte A. Tate -- pt. 19. Epidemiology of lifestyle-related diseases / Alan C. Utter -- pt. 20. Health promotion / Kenneth R. Pelletier -- pt. 21. Exercise psychology / Steven J. Petruzzello -- pt. 22. Injury prevention / David A. Sleet -- pt. 23. Public policy and environmental supports for lifestyle medicine / Gregory W. Heath.
- Low-cost approaches to promote physical and mental health theory, research, and practice 2007SpringerLow-cost interventions to promote physical and mental health / Luciano L'Abate -- Diets, health, and weight control : what do we know? / David L. Katz ... [et al.] -- Low-cost obesity interventions : the market for foods / Michael S. Finke and Sandra J. Huston -- Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and health / John C. Umhau and Karl M. Dauphinais -- Vitamins, minerals and health / Edward Giovannucci -- Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders / Shahin Akhondzadeh -- Daily practices for mindful exercise / Rachel Calogero and Kelly Pedrotty -- Relaxation and meditation / Angele McGrady -- Expressive movement / Dianne Dulicai and Ellen Schelly Hill -- Pleasant, pleasurable, and positive activities / Joan S. Anderson -- The recording of personal information as an intervention and as an electronic health support / Minna Levine and Ronald Calvanio -- Teaching to remember ourselves : the autobiographical methodology / Duccio Demetrio ; with contribution by Chiara Borgonovi -- Expressive writing : an alternative to traditional methods / Ewa Kacewicz, Richard B. Slatcher, and James W. Pennebaker -- Workbooks for the promotion of mental health and life-long learning / Luciano L'Abate and Damian Goldstein -- Computers and the Internet / Myron L. Pulier ... [et al.] -- Maternal-infant contact and child development : insights from the kangaroo intervention / Ruth Feldman -- Touch interventions positively affect development / Nancy Aaron James and Krystal D. Mize -- Non-erotic physical affection : it's good for you / Andrew K. Gulledge ... [et al.] -- Sex, sexuality and sensuality / Chad L. Cross and Gerald R. Weeks -- Intimacy and fear of intimacy / Anita L. Vangelisti and Gary Beck -- Low-cost interventions for promoting forgiveness / Lindsey M. Root and Michael E. McCullough -- Spirituality in achieving physical and psychological health and well-being : theory, research and low cost interventions / Len Sperry ... [et al.] -- Friendship, social support, and health / Patricia M. Sias and Heidi Bartoo -- Animal companions / Luciano L'Abate -- Applications of emotional intelligence to schools and workplace / David Ruback and Laura Sweeney -- Implications of prescriptive approaches for policy, health promotion, epidemiology, and public health / Cornelius Hogan.
- Macrosocial determinants of population health 2007Springer
- Management of health risks from environment and food policy and politics of health risk management in five countries -- asbestos and BSE 2010Springer
- "WHO has developed this manual in order to strengthen the laboratory diagnosis and virological surveillance of influenza infection by providing standard methods for the collection, detection, isolation and characterization of viruses"--Publisher's description.
- Mass Vaccination: When and Why / D. L. Heymann and R. B. Aylward -- Mass Vaccination and Surveillance/Containment in the Eradication of Smallpox / J. M. Lane -- Mass Immunization Programs: Principles and Standards / J. D. Grabenstein and R. L. Nevin -- Immunization Campaigns in the UK / K. Noakes and D. Salisbury -- Diphtheria / C. R. Vitek -- Universal Mass Vaccination against Hepatitis A / F. E. André -- Mass Vaccination against Hepatitis B: the French Example / F. Denis and D. Levy-Bruhl -- Mass Vaccination for Annual and Pandemic Influenza / B. Schwartz and P. Wortley -- Is Global Measles Eradication Feasible? / C. A. de Quadros -- Measles Aerosol Vaccination / J. L. Valdespino-Gómez, M de Lourdes Garcia-Garcia, J. Fernandez-de-Castro, A. M. Henao-Restrepo, J. Bennett, and J. Sepulveda-Amor -- Mass Vaccination Campaigns for Polio Eradication: an Essential Strategy for Success / R. W. Sutter and C. Maher -- Rubella Mass Campaigns / S. Reef -- Mass Vaccination to Control Epidemic and Endemic Typhoid Fever / M. M. Levine -- Mass Vaccination: Solutions in the Skin / G. M. Glenn and R. T. Kenney.
- Medicine and business a practitioner's guide 2014SpringerHealthcare and Business -- Leadership and Governance -- Revenue Cycle -- Financial Definitions and Variances -- Income Statement -- Balance Sheet -- Statement of Cash Flows -- Financial Ratios -- Budgeting and Variance Analysis -- Strategic Planning and Business Planning -- Healthcare Insurance -- Managed Care -- Payment Methods -- Corporation and Hospital Structures -- Physician Employment and Compensation -- Medical Business Law and Regulations -- New Government Initiatives.
- Medicine of the future risk assessment, elimination or mitigation and action plans for 28 diseases and medical conditions 2014SpringerThis book outlines risk assessments for 28 diseases and medical conditions including the following aspects: genetics, biochemistry, serology, past medical history, family history, co-morbidities, age, gender, ethnicity, nutrition and lifestyle. Recommendations are made for how to avoid, eliminate or mitigate risks. Preventing measures concerning chemical compound intake, lifestyle and nutrition are proposed. The unique content and approach of the book to chronic disease management make it a state-of-the-art reference work, addressing a missing component of medical care and reflecting the cutting edge of preventive medicine.
- Melatonin in the promotion of health. 2nd ed. 2012CRCnetBASE"This new edition presents information on how melatonin is synthesized and produced in the body as well as how this hormone affects several diseases. The book heavily focuses on prevention as well as treatment of various human disease states including behavior disorders, mental disorders, breast cancer, bone health, and gastrointestinal diseases. It covers the role of melatonin in the prevention of oxidative stress, mutagenesis, sun damage, ocular health, gut motility, and detoxification. It also presents mechanisms of melatonin action in humans including cell modulation, signaling mechanisms, protective effects, and melatonin receptors as well as its role as an antioxidant"--Provided by publisher.
- Microbial stress adaptation and food safety 2003CRCnetBASE
- "In a new era of global health diplomacy, the most important tool for decision-making is negotiation. Globalization is binding countries, issues and people together as never before. In the domain of public health, traditional international concerns like the spread of infectious diseases have been joined by new concerns and challenges in managing the health impacts of trade and intellectual property rights, and by new opportunities to create effective global public health agreements and programs. To address the major health crises of today and to prevent or mitigate them in the future, countries must seek collective agreement and action within and across their borders. However, the world of international negotiation is not the world in which health decision-makers reside or are most comfortable. The goal of this guide is to provide health policy-makers with practical information and negotiation tools, to help them create better international health agreements and programs. "This is the best book I know to help health professionals develop the negotiation skills necessary to meet the challenges of global health diplomacy"--Provided by publisher.
- Neighbourhood structure and health promotion 2013SpringerIt has long been theorized that people living in poor areas have more health problems than their more advantaged peers. More recently, science has been testing this hypothesis, concentrating on the impact of the built environment on well-being and its contribution to health inequities.Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion offers sociology-based theory and evidence-based findings so readers may better understand the effects of place on health choices, behaviour, and outcomes. This international volume analyzes the complex relationships among neighbourhood conditions and characteristics,
- New public health an introduction for the 21st century 2000ScienceDirectForeword / Milton I. Roemer -- A history of public health -- Expanding the concept of public health -- Measuring and evaluating the health of a population -- Communicable diseases -- Noncommunicable conditions -- Family health -- Special community health needs -- Nutrition and food safety -- Environmental and occupational health -- Organization of public health systems -- Measuring costs: the economics of health -- Planning and managing health systems -- National health systems -- Human resources for health care -- Technology, quality, law and ethics -- Globalization of health -- Glossary -- Subject index.
- New public health and STD/HIV prevention personal, public, and health systems approaches 2013SpringerSocio-demographic societal and supra-societal determinants and influences -- Social determinants of sexual networks, partnership formation, and sexually transmitted infections -- Epidemiology of STI and HIV: an overview of concentration and geographical and temporal dispersion -- Migration and the transmission of STIs -- Sexual networks and sexually transmitted infections: the strength of weak (long distance) ties -- Personal risk and public impact: balancing individual rights with STD and HIV prevention -- Critical factors in approaches to prevention -- Distribution of prevention resources and impact of sexual health in the USA -- Scaling up, coverage, and targeting -- Electronic media and STI prevention -- Twenty-first century leadership for public health and HIV/STI prevention -- Critical reveiws: enw public health focus for populations at risk for STI/HIV -- Enhancing women's sexual health: prevention measures in diverse populations of women -- Prevention of HIV and other blood-borne and sexually transmitted diseases in people who inject drugs: current status and future prospects -- Health, seuxal health, and syndemicsL toward a better appraoch to STI and HIV preventive interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States -- Social determinants of sexual health in the USA among racial and ethnic minorities -- Adolescent sexual health and sexually transmitted infections: a conceptual and empirical demonstration -- Critical reviews: new public health STD/HIV prevention -- Preventing HIV/AIDS in the United States, 1981-2009: history in the making -- National strategic approach to improving the health of gay and bisexual men: experience in Australia -- Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons learned from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis from the United States -- Human papillomavirus vaccine and prevention of human papillomavirus-associated disease in the USA -- Chlamydia control: a comparative reveiw from the USA and UK.
- Global figures argue in favour of preventive measures and personalised treatment to optimise inadequate diabetes care -- Three levels of prediction, prevention and individualised treatment algorithms to advance diabetes care: integrative approach -- Diabetes Mellitus: new challenges and innovative therapies -- Identification of biomarkers for beta cell failure as detection tools for predictive screening in Type 2 pre-diabetes -- Endothelial dysfunction in diabetes: role of circulating biomarkers as potential diagnostic and prognostic tools -- Correction of diabetes-induced endothelial progenitor dysfunction to promote retinal vascular repair -- Oxidative stress and apoptotic biomarkers in diabetic retinopathy -- Diabetic retinopathy: the need for predictive, preventive and personalized approach to management -- The rle of inflammatory cytokines in diabetic nephropathy: potential use as predictive markers for early detection and progression -- Preventing hyperglycemia and tissue injury in diabetes: the dynamic role of 2, 3 indoleaminedioxygenase (IDO) in diabetes and its complications -- An integrative approach to chronic wounds in patients with diabetes: PPPM in action -- Understanding inflammation: the key to targeted preventive measures for diabetes and periodontitis -- Cancer predisposition in diabetic patients: risk assessment and targeted preventive measures -- Recognition of individual risks by analysis of subcellular imaging insights into chromium picolinate therapy in pre/diabetes care, search into its safety and opinion controversy -- Remote control in diabetes -- Drug delivery systems for predictive medicine: polymers as tools for advanced applications.
- Patient safety-- an engineering approach 2012CRCnetBASE"Each year a vast sum of money is spent on health care around the globe and patient safety has become a serious global public health issue. Filled with up-to-date information, this book demonstrates how to handle patient safety-related problems by using methods developed in the area of engineering. It contains a chapter on mathematical concepts and another chapter on introductory material on safety and human factors considered essential to understand materials presented in subsequent chapters. The author's presentation covers topics in such a manner that readers will require no previous knowledge to understand the concepts"--Provided by publisher.
- Perspectives of knowledge management in urban health 2010SpringerKM and urban health. Knowledge management for the urban health context / M. Chris Gibbons, Rajeev K. Bali, and Nilmini Wickramasinghe -- Healthcare knowledge management : incorporating the tools technologies strategies and process of KM to effect superior healthcare delivery / Nilmini Wickramasinghe -- Knowledge Management in the urban health context : moving towards tacit-to-tacit knowledge transfer / Rajeev K. Bali, Vikram Baskaran, and Raouf N.G. Naguib -- Incorporating KM principles into urban health contexts. A childhood/adolescent knowledge management system for urban area health programs in the District of Columbia / Michael L. Popovich and Xiaohui Zhang -- Urban health in developing countries / Siddharth Agarwal, Aradhana Srivastava, and Sanjeev Kumar -- A pervasive wireless knowledge management solution to address urban health inequalities with indigenous Australians / Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Indrit Troshani, and Steve Goldberg -- The development of a framework to evaluate the management of HIV/AIDS programmes in rural and urban South Africa / Rochelle Sassman ... [et al.] -- The potential of serious games for improving health and reducing urban health inequalities / M. Chris Gibbons -- Measures and metrics for KM and urban health. A scalable and viable strategy for managing organization : typology of intervening into complex healthcare environment for enhancing its continual development / Murako Saito -- Amplifying resonance in organizational learning process : knowledge sharing for overcoming cognitive barriers and for assuring positive action / Murako Saito -- Developing new urban health metrics to reduce the know-do gap in public health / Carlos Castillo-Salgado and Michael Christopher Gibbons -- Recommendations on evaluation and development of useful metrics for urban health / Carlos Castillo-Salgado and M. Chris Gibbons -- Making sense of urban health knowledge / Rajeev K. Bali ... [et al.].
- Physical activity and public health practice 2012CRCnetBASECh. 1. History of physical activity contributions to public health / Amanda E. Paluch ... [et al.] -- Ch. 2. Physiological adaptations to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise / Arthur S. Leon and Scott Brown -- Ch. 3. The unique influence of sedentary behavior on health / Genevieve N. Healy -- Ch. 4. Physical activity in chronic disease prevention / Jared P. Reis and Bethany Barone Gibbs -- Ch. 5. Physical activity and injury prevention / Kenneth E. Powell -- Ch. 6. Physical activity in treatment of chronic conditions / J. Larry Durstine, Keith Burns, and Ryan Cheek -- Ch. 7. Physical activity in growth and development / Fátima Baptista and Kathleen F. Janz -- Ch. 8. Physical activity and healthy adulthood / Kelley K. Pettee Gabriel and Jennifer L. Gay -- Ch. 9. Physical activity and healthy aging / David M. Buchner -- Ch. 10. Physical activity and obesity / Catrine Tudor-Locke -- Ch. 11. Physical activity measurement / Stephen D. Herrmann -- Ch. 12. National guidelines for physical activity / Richard P. Troiano and David M. Buchner -- Ch. 13. Surveillance of physical activity / Janet E. Fulton and Susan A. Carlson -- Ch. 14. Physical activity promotion in underserved communities / Deborah Parra-Medina and Zenong Yin -- Ch. 15. Built environmental supports for walking / Paula Hooper ... [et al.] -- Ch. 16. Physical activity promotion in worksites / Joan Dorn and Cassandra Hoebbel -- Ch. 17. Promotion of physical activity in schools / Dianne Stanton Ward and Christopher Ford -- Ch. 18. Policy for physical activity promotion / Kelly R. Evenson and Semra A. Aytur
- The history of public health has focused on direct relationships between problems and solutions: vaccinations against diseases, ad campaigns targeting risky behaviors. But the accelerating pace and mounting intricacies of our lives are challenging the field to find new scientific methods for studying community health. The complexities of place (COP) approach is emerging as one such promising method. ℗ℓ Place and Health as Complex Systems demonstrates how COP works, making an empirical case for its use in for designing and implementing interventions. This brief resource reviews the defining characteristics of places as dynamic and evolving social systems, rigorously testing them as well as the COP approach itself. The study, of twenty communities within one county in the Midwest, combines case-based methods and complexity science to determine whether COP improves upon traditional statistical methods of public health research. Its conclusions reveal strengths and limitations of the approach, immediate possibilities for its use, and challenges regarding future research. Included in the coverage: ℗ℓ Characteristics of places and the complexities of place approach. The Definitional Test of Complex Systems. Case-based modeling using the SACS toolkit. Methods, maps, and measures used in the study. Places as nodes within larger networks. Places as power-based conflicted negotiations. ℗ℓ Place and Health as Complex Systems brings COP into greater prominence in public health research, and is also valuable to researchers in related fields such as demography, health geography, community health, urban planning, and epidemiology. ℗ℓ
- Politics and history of AIDS treatment in Brazil 2009Springer
- Preparing the public health workforce educational pathways for the field and the classroom 2015SpringerIn concept and practice, public health casts a wide net, spanning assessment, intervention, and policy; education, prevention, and protection; public, private, and government entities. But key elements are often missing from the picture, including a clear understanding of public health and its goals by the general public, and specific public health education throughout the workforce. Public Health Practice responds to these and related challenges by elegantly summarizing the state of the field in an era of dwindling budgets, competing and overlapping services, and a shaky professional infrastructure. In keeping with public health goals set out by the CDC and other leading agencies, the author makes a real-world case for standardizing training, establishing best practices in the field, and coordinating public health systems with their healthcare counterparts. Theory, case examples, tools, and callout boxes highlight knowledge, preparation, and skills professionals need in addressing chronic issues and complex emergencies. Throughout, the emphasis is on greater competency and visibility for the profession, resulting in a more informed, healthier public. Featured in the coverage: Issues in defining the public health workforce. The state of public health education. Practicing and teaching public health: local, national, and international cases. Standardizing public health practice: benefits and challenges. Integrating public health and healthcare. The future of public health as seen from academia and the frontlines. Identifying urgent issues and providing cogent answers, Public Health Practice is a call to action for those involved in creating the next level of public health, including professors, practitioners, students, and administrators.
- Extent and consequences of childhood obesity -- Developing an action plan -- A national public health priority -- Industry, advertising, media, and public education -- Local communities -- Schools -- Home -- Confronting the childhood obesity epidemic.
- Principles of medicine in Africa. 4th ed. 2013Cambridge"Principles of Medicine in Africa combines classical clinical medicine with a rich understanding of the major environmental and cultural influences on health and disease, providing comprehensive guidance for anyone intending to practise medicine in Africa. Disease is presented in the context of family and culture, and the effects of inequality and problems of limited resources are addressed."--Excerpt from publisher notes.
- Priorities in health 2006NLM
- Background -- Scope, goal, objectives and target audience -- Global burden of NCDs -- Role of research in the implementation of the Global Strategy Action Plan -- Need for a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs to improve public health -- Achievable outcomes through a prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of major NCDs -- Process for the development of the WHO NCD research agenda. Initial phase of development of the WHO NCD research agenda -- Ranking process -- Finalization of WHO NCD research agenda -- Key domains for research. Major NCDs. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) -- Cancer -- Chronic respiratory diseases -- diabetes -- NCD risk factors. Tobacco control -- Nutrition, physical activity and obesity -- Cross-cutting domains. Primary health care approach for prevention and control of NCDs -- Social determinants and NCDs -- Genetics -- Promoting use of research findings to policies and practice for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases -- Top 20 priority areas for NCD research -- Key elements required for strengthening the research capacity of low- and middle-income countries for implementation of the WHO NCD research agenda. Contents of the compact disc: -- 1. Working papers -- 2. Reports of Meetings to develop the Prioritized NCD research agenda (2008-2010) -- 3. Lists of participants -- 4. List of other contributors and institutions that participated in the process of development and review of the prioritized NCD research agenda.
- "Even though progress towards the MDG target represents important gains in access for billions of people around the world, it has been uneven. Sharp geographic, sociocultural and economic inequalities in access persist and sometimes have increased. This report presents examples of unequal progress among marginalized and vulnerable groups. Section 1 presents the status of and trends in access to improved drinking water sources and sanitation. Section 2 provides a snapshot of inequalities in access to improved drinking water sources and sanitation. Section 3 presents efforts to strengthen monitoring of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services under a post-2015 development agenda, as well as the challenges associated with these efforts."--Publisher's website.
- Promoting access to medical technologies and innovation intersections between public health, intellectual property and trade 2013WIPO
- Introduction and technical survey: Protein aggregation and fibrillogenesis -- Fibril formation by short synthetic peptides -- In vitrooligomerization and fibrillogenesis of amyloid-beta peptides -- Tau fibrillogenesis -- Prion protein aggregation and fibrillogenesisin vitro -- Alpha-synuclein aggregation and modulating factors -- Pathological self-aggregation of [beta](2)-microglobulin: A challenge for protein biophysics -- Islet amyloid polypeptide: Aggregation and fibrillogenesisin vitroand its inhibition -- Mechanisms of transthyretin aggregation and toxicity -- Fibrillogenesis of huntingtin and other glutamine containing proteins -- Aggregation and fibrillogenesis of proteins not associated with disease: a few case studies -- Experimental inhibition of peptide fibrillogenesis by synthetic peptides, carbohydrates and drugs -- Experimental inhibition of fibrillogenesis and neurotoxicity by amyloid-beta (abeta) and other disease-related peptides/proteins by plant extracts and herbal compounds -- Alzheimer's disease -- Modeling the polyglutamine aggregation pathway in Huntington's disease: from basic studies to clinical applications -- Parkinson's disease -- Human prion diseases: From kuru to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease -- Animal prion diseases -- [beta](2)-Microglobulin amyloidosis -- Systemic AA amyloidosis -- Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy and transthyretin -- The challenge of systemic immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis (AL).
- Thirty years since Estelle v. Gamble: looking forward, not wayward / Robert B. Greifinger -- Impact of incarceration on community public safety and public health / Todd R. Clear -- Litigating for better medical care / Jon Wool -- Accommodating disabilities in jails and prisons / R. Samuel Paz -- Growing older: challenges of prison and reentry for the aging population / Brie Williams, Rita Abraldes -- International public health and corrections: models of care and harm minimization / Michael Levy -- The medicalization of execution: lethal injection in the United States / Mark Heath -- HIV and viral hepatitis in corrections: a public health opportunity / Joseph A. Bick -- Prevention of viral hepatitis / Cindy Weinbaum, Karen A. Hennessey -- HIV prevention: behavioral interventions in correctional settings / Barry Zack -- Prevention and control of tuberculosis in correctional facilities / Farah M. Parvez -- Controlling chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis through targeted screening and treatment in correctional settings / Charlotte K. Kent, Gail A. Bolan -- Health promotion in jails and prisons: an alternative paradigm for correctional health services / Megha Ramaswamy, Nicholas Freudenberg -- Screening for public purpose: promoting an evidence-based approach to screening of inmates to improve the public health / Joshua D. Lee, Marshall W. Fordyce, Josiah D. Rich -- Written health informational needs for reentry / Jeff Mellow -- Reducing inmate suicides through the mortality review process / Lindsay M. Hayes -- Blinders to comprehensive psychiatric diagnosis in the correctional system / Richard L. Grant -- Juvenile corrections and public health collaborations: opportunities for improved health outcomes / Michelle Staples-Horne, Kaiyti Duffy, Michele T. Rorie -- Female prisoners and the case for gender-specific treatment and reentry programs / Andrea F. Balis -- Building the case for oral health care for prisoners: presenting the evidence and calling for justice / Henrie M. Treadwell, Mary E. Northridge, Traci N. Bethea -- Treatment of mental illness in correctional settings / Raymond F. Patterson, Robert B. Greifinger -- Treatment and reentry approaches for offenders with co-occurring disorders / Roger H. Peters, Nicole M. Bekman -- Pharmacological treatment of substance abuse in correctional facilities: prospects and barriers to expanding access to evidence-based therapy / R. Douglas Bruce, Duncan Smith-Rohrberg, Frederick L. Altice -- Health research behind bars: a brief guide to research in jails and prisons / Nicholas Freudenberg -- Reentry experiences of men with health problems / Christy A. Visher, Kamala Mallik-Kane -- Providing transition and outpatient services to the mentally ill released from correctional institutions / Steven K. Huge -- Sexual predators: diversion, civil commitment, community reintegration, challenges, and opportunities / Karen Terry -- Electronic health records systems and continuity of care / Ralph P. Woodward -- Community health and public health collaborations / Thomas Lincoln, John R. Miles, Steve Scheibel -- Improving the care for HIV-infected prisoners: an integrated prison-release health model / Sandra A. Springer, Frederick L. Altice.
- Public health entomology 2013CRCnetBASE"Increasing problems of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, brought about, at least in part, by vectors fueled by increased worldwide travel and commerce, make this a highly timely book for anyone in the public practice of medical and veterinary entomology, including entomologists, public health officials, and pest control technicians and managers. Employing a reader-friendly style with bulleted texts, scenarios, and case history boxes, it targets the major vectors and pests of medical and public health importance, addresses regulatory and academic medical entomology, and discusses disease vector control with worldwide application"--Provided by publisher.
- Public health in the 1980s and 1990s, decline and rise? the transcript of a Witness Seminar 2006Wellcome Trust
- Part I. Context for Public Health Informatics -- 1. Introduction to Public Health Informatics / J.A. Magnuson and Patrick W. O'Carroll -- 2. History and Significance of Information Systems and Public Health / John R. Lumpkin and J.A. Magnuson -- 3. Context and Value of Biomedical and Health Informatics / William R. Hersh -- 4. Governmental and Legislative Context of Informatics / Margo Edmunds -- Part II. The Science of Public Health Informatics -- 5. Public Health Informatics Infrastructure / Brian E. Dixon and Shaun J. Grannis -- 6. Information Architecture / Dina Dickerson and Patricia Yao -- 7. Data Sources and Data Tools / Edward Mensah and Johanna L. Goderre -- 8. Public Health Information Standards / J.A. Magnuson, Riki Merrick, and James T. Case -- 9. Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security of Public Health Information / William A. Yasnoff -- 10. Electronic Health Records / Stephen P. Julien -- 11. Ethics, Information Technology, and Public Health: Duties and Challenges in Computational Epidemiology / Kenneth W. Goodman and Eric M. Meslin -- 12. Project Management and Public Health Informatics / James Aspevig -- 13. Evaluation for Public Health Informatics / Paul C. Fu, Jr., Herman Tolentino, and Laura H. Franzke -- Part III. Key Public Health Information Systems -- 14. Informatics in Disease Prevention and Epidemiology / Richard S. Hopkins and J.A. Magnuson -- 15. Informatics in Toxicology and Environmental Public Health / Edwin M. Kilbourne -- 16. Public Health Laboratories / Riki Merrick, Steven H. Hinrichs, and Michelle Meigs -- 17. The National Vital Statistics System / Charles J. Rothwell, Mary Anne Freedman, and James A. Weed -- 18. Risk Factor Information Systems / Alan Tomines -- 19. Setting national Policies and Standards for Immunization Information Systems / Nedra Y. Garrett -- Part IV. New Challenges and Emerging Solutions -- 20. New Means of Data Collection and Accessibility / I. Charie Faught, James Aspevig, and Rita Spear -- 21. Geographic Information Systems / Carol L. Hanchette -- 22. Public Health Informatics and Health Information Exchange / J.A. Magnuson and Paul C. Fu, Jr. -- 23. Decision Support and Expert Systems in Public Health / William A. Yasnoff and Perry L. Miller -- 24. Delivery of Preventive Medicine in Primary Care / Paul C. Fu, Jr., Alan Tomines, and Larry L. Dickey -- 25. Case-Based Learning in Public Health Informatics / Herman Tolentino, Sridhar R. Papagari Sangareddy, Catherine Pepper, and J.A. Magnuson -- Part V. Case Studies: Information Systems and the Strata of Public Health -- 26. Local and Regional Public Health Informatics / Jeffrey M. Kriseman and Brian J. Labus -- 27. Public Health Informatics in High Population States: New York and Ohio / Geraldine S. Johnson, Guthrie S. Birkhead, Rachel Block, Shannon Kelley, James Coates, Bob Campbell, and Brian Fowler -- 28. State Public Health Informatics: Perspective from a Low Population State / James Aspevig -- 29. National Public Health Informatics, United States / Seth Foldy -- 30. Public Health Informatics in Canada / Lawrence E. Frisch, Elizabeth M. Borycki, Alyse Capron, Abla Mawudeku, and Ronald St. John -- 31. Perspectives on Global Public Health Informatics / Janise Richards, Gerry Douglas, and Hamish S.F. Fraser -- Part VI. Epilogue -- 32. Public Health Informatics: The Path Forward / J.A. Magnuson.
- Introduction / Donald J. Lollar and Elena M. Andresen -- Epidemiology and biostatistics / Elena M. Andresen -- Social and behavioral dimensions of health / Paul Devereaux and Charlie Bullock -- Disability in the health services curriculum / Carol Tobias -- Environmental health and disability / Donald J. Lollar -- Disability and health inequity / Dennis G. Heaphy, Monika Mitra, and Erin D. Bouldin -- Disability and maternal and child health / Debbie Allen -- Aging, disability, and public health / John Crews -- Disability and international health / Mary Chamie -- Disability issues in health care ethics and law in the public health curriculum / Jerome E. Bickenbach -- Section 504 the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act in public health education / Dennis G. Heaphy.
- The role of law : agencies, legislators, courts, and the constitution -- The role of epidemiology and medicine : diagnosis, prevention, control, and evaluation -- The role of economics : theories, modeling, and evaluation -- The role of politics : players, processes, and power -- The role of ethics : historical, contemporary, and future perspectives -- HIV criminalization -- Clean water and mosquito control -- HPV vaccination -- SCHIP and children with special health care needs -- Overweight and obesity -- Breast cancer screening -- Medical transportation : local research focus -- Medical transportation : local practice focus -- Taxes, politics, and public health policy : a look back at the 2008 presidential campaign -- Supplemental nutrition assistance program and modifying behavior -- Medical readmissions and the Affordable Care Act -- Tobacco control and cessation programs -- Emergency preparedness and infectious diseases -- The research policy brief : a primer -- Letters to the editor : a primer.
- Public health preparedness and response to chemical and radiological incidents functions, practices, and areas for future work 2009Public health emergencies may arise directly or indirectly from a wide variety of events, including emerging diseases, natural disasters, industrial accidents, and terrorist attacks. One area that has not been examined in much detail is public health emergency preparedness for incidents involving the release of chemical or radiological agents. As part of RAND's continuing research into public health emergency preparedness, this report characterizes the public health service's role in preparing for and responding to such incidents, describes practices in use by local public health departments, and identifies functional areas of public health emergency preparedness and response for chemical and radiological incidents that may warrant further practice development.
- Public health risks of disasters communication, infrastructure, and preparedness : workshop summary 2005NAP
- Medical healing implies knowledge of the assumptions that underlie our understanding of 'health', and, concomitantly, how we define well being and its opposites, illness and disease. Today, health, health care (business, wellness, recreation), and medicine (especially research-driven scientific medicine) have become separate entities with different institutions, budgets, marketing philosophies and 'corporate cultures'. Furthermore, healing is individual and subjective, yet at the same time also culturally determined. The present volume brings together papers on these topics in an unique interdisciplinary approach. The book provides an ethical framework for healthcare from a political perspective. It discusses definitions of the terminology of healing and health and their ethical and medical implications including their historical contexts. A separate section expands the theme of the cultural constructedness of healing by the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine and homeopathy. Modern medicine has a strong focus on acute care, which urgently needs to place greater emphasis on preventive medicine including the crucial importance of social factors on health and on the emergence of 'public health'. The point of view of Business Concepts, their potential and limitations are by no means neglected and the legal ramifications of genetic research and innovative medical strategies with regard to some of our most foundational notions are discussed.
- Radiation health risk sciences proceedings 2009Springer
- This book argues that in order to be truly effective, public health must embrace a group of reasoning strategies that have traditionally been characterized as informal fallacies. It will be demonstrated that these strategies can facilitate judgements about complex public health issues in contexts of uncertainty. The book explains how scientists and lay people routinely resort to the use of these strategies during consideration of public health problems. Although these strategies are not deductively valid, they are nevertheless rationally warranted procedures. Public health professionals must have a sound understanding of these cognitive strategies in order to engage the public and achieve their public health goals. The book draws upon public health issues as wide ranging as infectious diseases, food safety and the potential impact on human health of new technologies. It examines reasoning in the context of these issues within a large-scale, questionnaire-based survey of nearly 900 members of the public in the UK. In addition, several philosophical themes run throughout the book, including the nature of uncertainty, scientific knowledge and inquiry. The complexity of many public health problems demands an approach to reasoning that cannot be accommodated satisfactorily within a general thinking skills framework. This book shows that by developing an awareness of these reasoning strategies, scientists and members of the public can have a more productive engagement with public health problems.
- Toxicity testing is used to assess the safety or hazards presented by substances such as industrial chemicals, consumer products, and pharmaceuticals. At present, many methods involve laboratory animals. Alternative procedures, some involving human cell-based technologies, are now being developed which reduce, refine, or replace animal usage and minimize the pain and distress caused. These new tests must protect public health and the environment at least as well as currently accepted methods. This book describes the ever-expanding "toolbox" of methods available to assess toxicity. Such techniques often result from our growing understanding of the biochemical and cellular pathways that mediate toxicity mechanisms. This permits evaluations of information generated from several sources to generate a "weight of evidence". By combining in silico, in vitro, and ex vivo methods with technologies that rely on biochemical- and cell-based in vitro assays, toxicologists are developing mechanistically based alternatives to live animal experimentation. This text also explores the complexities associated with adequate validation, and the assessment of test reliability and relevance. It provides an essential reference source for postgraduates, academics and industrialists working in this rapidly changing area.
- Refugee health care an essential medical guide 2014Springer"Physicians receive very little training in refugee health. Refugee Health Care is a practical guide providing concise information for busy practitioners. This concise textbook reviews common conditions seen in refugees and some of the recommendations in the book apply to all immigrants. It will be a valuable resource for primary care physicians, psychiatrists, pediatricians, women's health providers and any health care practitioner who treats refugees."--Publisher's website.
- Reopening shuttered hospitals to expand surge capacity with detailed appendix on legal and regulatory issues 2006Provides tools to assist emergency planners in evaluating the feasibility of, and requirements for, reopening shuttered hospitals in their local communities to expand surge capacity during a mass casualty event
- Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption Rome, 25-29 January 2010. 2011WHOThe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization convened a Joint Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption from 25 to 29 January 2010. The tasks of the Expert Consultation were to review data on levels of nutrients (long-chain omega-3 fatty acids) and specific chemical contaminants (methylmercury and dioxins) in a range of fish species and to compare the health benefits of fish consumption and nutrient intake with the health risks associated with contaminants present in fish. The Expert Consultation drew a number of conclusions regarding the health benefits and health risks associated with fish consumption and recommended a series of steps that Member States should take to better assess and manage the risks and benefits of fish consumption and more effectively communicate these risks and benefits to their citizens. The output of the Expert Consultation is a framework for assessing the net health benefits or risks of fish consumption that will provide guidance to national food safety authorities and the Codex Alimentarius Commission in their work on managing risks, taking into account the existing data on the benefits of eating fish. The Expert Consultation concluded the following: Consumption of fish provides energy, protein and a range of other important nutrients, including the long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs). Eating fish is part of the cultural traditions of many peoples. In some populations, fish is a major source of food and essential nutrients. Among the general adult population, consumption of fish, particularly fatty fish, lowers the risk of mortality from coronary heart disease. There is an absence of probable or convincing evidence of risk of coronary heart disease associated with methylmercury. Potential cancer risks associated with dioxins are well below established coronary heart disease benefits from fish consumption. When comparing the benefits of LCn3PUFAs with the risks of methylmercury among women of childbearing age, maternal fish consumption lowers the risk of suboptimal neurodevelopment in their offspring compared with the offspring of women not eating fish in most circumstances evaluated. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that do not exceed the provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) of 70 pg/kg body weight established by JECFA (for PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs), neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus is negligible. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that exceed the PTMI, neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus may no longer be negligible. Among infants, young children and adolescents, the available data are currently insufficient to derive a quantitative framework of the health risks and health benefits of eating fish. However, healthy dietary patterns that include fish consumption and are established early in life influence dietary habits and health during adult life.
- Research and the World Health Organization a history of the Advisory Committee on Health Research, 1959-1999. 2010WHO"This overview outlines the statutory background for WHO's research, identifies the milestones in health research over five decades, and discusses issues of both process and programs. This report also includes accounts of regional efforts in health research"--Publisher's description. African region; Eastern Mediterranean region; European region; South East Asia region; Western Pacific region; Pan American Health Organization
- Disease in disguise -- Winged victories -- Food fright -- Superbugs -- The once and future pandemic -- Infection unmasked -- Bioterror.
- Introduction / Juan M. Cabases and Rosalind Rabin -- Data and Methods / Bas Janssen, Agota Szende, and Juan Manuel Ramos-Goni -- Population Norms for the EQ-5D / Bas Janssen and Agota Szende -- Cross-Country Analysis of EQ-5D Data / Agota Szende and Bas Janssen -- Socio-demographic Indicators based on EQ-5D / Agota Szende and Bas Janssen -- Annex 1: EQ-5D population norms - National surveys -- Annex 2: EQ-5D population norms - Regional surveys -- References -- Index.
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