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  • Interferon methods and protocols 2005
    Springer Protocols
  • This book provides a readable introduction to modern toxicology with a particular focus on the mechanisms underlying the induction of toxicity by foreign substances. Since bioactivation is central to many toxic syndromes, special interest is devoted to chemicals that undergo conversion to toxic metabolites that induce toxic effects as diverse as cancer, birth defects and organ injury. The molecular consequences accompanying damage to cellular DNA and proteins is explored together with the relevance of toxicological paradigms to human diseases caused by alcohol and tobacco. The discipline of toxicology has developed rapidly since the thalidomide disaster in the 1960?s as scientists worldwide seek to understand the adverse health effects of human medicines, environmental pollutants, consumer chemicals and industrial reagents. An Introduction to Toxicology is intended to supplement the recommended reading list of undergraduate and graduate programs in toxicology and pharmacology as an enjoyable, accessible primer with illustrations that "unpack" the concepts being discussed in the text.
  • "This book bridges the gap between advances in basic biology and chemistry and technological applications in the field of toxicity assessments. 10 chapters describe major areas of progress in the laboratory and clinic. In the first section, the aspects of cellular organelles are discussed. In the second, the basic principles and applications of modern toxicological tools such as transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic approaches are covered. In the third section, the recent developments on molecular modeling and systems biology are described with an eye on the future establishment of virtual cell technology. Finally the clinical implications for the understanding of acute and chronic renal toxicity are studied"--Provided by publisher.
  • Reverse pharmacognosy : a new concept for accelerating natural drug discovery / Quoc-Tuan Do and Philippe Bernard -- Effects of plant extracts on gene expression profiling : from macroarrays to microarray technology / Carlo Mischiati, Alessia Sereni, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Ilaria Lampronti and Roberto Gambari -- Effects of medicinal plant extracts on molecular interactions between DNA and transcription factors / Ilaria Lampronti, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Nicoletta Bianchi, Giordana Feriotto, Carlo Mischiati, Monica Borgatti and Roberto Gambari -- Plants with antitumor properties : from biologically active molecules to drugs / Ilaria Lampronti, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Nicoletta Bianchi, Elisabetta Lambertini, Roberta Piva, Monica Borgatti and Roberto Gambari -- Herbal extracts and compounds active against herpes simplex virus / Kenneth D. Thompson -- Pharmacological modulation of cough reflex / Gabriela Nosalova, Juraj Mokry and Sona Franova -- Phytotherapy of cough / Sona Franova, Gabriela Nosalova and Juraj Mokry -- The medicinal potential of black seed (Nigella sativa) and its components / Hala Gali-Muhtasib, Nahed El-Najjar and Regine Schneider-Stock -- Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors from natural sources : recent advances and future prospects for cancer treatment / Hala Gali-Muhtasib -- Anticancer and medicinal properties of essential oil and extracts of East Mediterranean sage (salvia triloba) / Hala Gali-Muhtasib -- Marine organisms from Brazil as source of potential anticancer agents / Letícia Veras Costa-Lotufo, Cláudia Pessoa, Maria Elisabete A. Moraes, Adaíla Marta Paixão Almeida, Manoel Odorico de Moraes and Tito Monteiro da Cruz Lotufo -- Anticancer potential of Northeast Brazilian plants / Cláudia Pessoa, Letícia Veras Costa-Lotufo, Albert Leyva, Maria Elisabete Amaral de Moraes and Manoel Odorico de Moraes -- Safety and efficacy of phytomedicines / Manoel Odorico de Moraes, Fernando Antônio Frota Bezerra, Letícia Veras Costa-Lotufo, Cláudia Pessoa and Maria Elisabete Amaral de Moraes -- Pharmacological and biochemical profiling of lead compounds from traditional remedies : the case of Croton cajucara / Maria Aparecida M. Maciel, Tereza Neuma C. Dantas, Janaína Keila P. Câmara, Angelo C. Pinto, Valdir F. Veiga Jr., Carlos R. Kaiser, Nuno A. Pereira, Cristina M.T.S. Carneiro, Frederico A. Vanderlinde, Antônio J. Lapa, Aniele R. Agner, Ilce M.S. Cólus, Juliana Echevarria-Lima, Noema F. Grynberg, Andressa Esteves-Souza, Kenia Pissinate and Aurea Echevarria -- Antihypertensive peptides from natural resources / Toshiro Matsui and Kiyoshi Matsumoto -- Xanthones as therapeutic agents : chemistry and pharmacology / Noungoue Tchamo Diderot, Ngouela Silvere and Tsamo Etienne -- Inhibition of immunodeficiency type-1 virus (HIV-1) life cycle by medicinal plant extracts and plant-derived compounds / Roberto Gambari and Ilaria Lampronti -- Anticancer properties of saffron, Crocus sativus Linn. / José-Antonio Fernández -- Lead compounds and drug candidates from some Turkish plants for human health / İlkay Orhan and Bilge Şener -- Molecular design of multifunctional anti-Salmonella agents based on natural products / Isao Kubo, Ken-ichi Fujita, Ken-ichi Nihei and Aya Kubo -- Plant growth inhibitory activities by secondary metabolites isolated from Latin American flora / Carlos L Céspedes, Juan C Marín, Mariana Domínguez, J Guillermo Avila and Blanca Serrato -- Metabolomics : systematic studies of the metabolic profiling / Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan and Arjumand Ather.
  • 1. Chemical and genetic diversity of Wolfberry -- 2. Immunoregulation and Lycium Barbarum -- 3. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects of Wolfberry in fatty liver disease -- 4. Effectts of Lycium barbarum on modulation of blood vessel and hemodynamics -- 5. Dermatologic uses and effects of Lycium barbarum -- 6. Lycium Barbarum and tumors in the gastrointestinal tract -- 7. Prevention of neurodegeneration for Alzheimer's disease by Lycium barbarum -- 8. Prosexual effects of Lycium Barbarum -- 9. Lycium Barbarum: neuroprotective effects in ischemic stroke -- 10. Secondary degeneration after partial optic nerve injury and possible neuroprotective effects of Lycium Barbarum (Wolfberry) -- 11. Role of Lycium Barbarum extracts in retinal diseases -- 12. Allergenic sensitisation mediated by Wolfberry.
  • Part 1. Classification, Opportunities and Challenges -- Classification of Anticancer Drugs Based on Therapeutic Targets -- Signal Transduction Pathways as Therapeutic Targets in Cancer Therapy -- Part 2. Polymer-Based Anticancer Prodrugs -- HPMA-Anticancer Drug Conjugates -- Poly-l-Glutamic Acid Anti-cancer Drug Conjugates -- Polysaccharide-Based Anticancer Prodrugs -- PEG-Anticancer Drugs -- Poly(ethylene glycol)-Protein, Peptide, and Enzyme Conjugates -- Part 3. Lipid-Based -- Anticancer Prodrugs -- Lipid-Based Anticancer Prodrugs -- Part 4. Antibody-Directed Cancer Therapy -- Antibody-Cytotoxic Compound Conjugates for Oncology -- Immunoconjugate Anticancer Therapeutics -- Antibody-Directed Enzyme Prodrug Therapy (ADEPT) for Cancer -- EGFR-Directed Monoclonal Antibodies -- The Biology of the HER Family and Her2/neu Directed-Antibody Therapy -- Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Monoclonal Antibodies -- Monoclonal Antibody Therapy for Hematologic Malignancies -- Part 5. Anticancer Oligonucleotide Therapeutics -- Anticancer Oligonucleotides -- Part 6. Miscellaneous -- New Molecular Therapeutic Interventions: The Case of Breast Cancers.
  • v. 2 Springer
    v. 1. TRPs: truly remarkable proteins -- The TRCP subfamily -- TRPC1 -- TRPC2 -- TRPC3: a multifunctional signaling molecule -- TRPC4 and TRPC4-containing channels -- TRPC5 -- TRPC6: physiological function and pathophysiological relevance -- Transient receptor potential canonical 7 (TRPC7) -- The TRPV subfamily -- TRPV1 -- TRPV2 -- TRPV3 -- The TRPV4 channel -- TRPV5, a Ca2+ channel for the fine tuning of Ca2+ reabsorption -- TRPV6 channels -- The TRPM subfamily -- TRPM1 -- TRPM2 -- TRPM3 -- TRPM4 -- TRPM5 -- TRPM6 -- TRPM7 -- TRPM8 -- The TRPA1, TRPML and TRPP subfamily -- TRPA1 -- TRPML1: an ion channel in the lysosome -- TRPML2 and mucolipin evolution -- TRPML3 -- TRPP subfamily and polycystin-1 proteins -- v. 2. TRPs as special cell sensors -- Temperature sensing with TRPs -- TRPs in mechano-sensing and volume regulation -- TRPs as chemosensors (ROS, RNS, RCS, gasotransmitters) -- Photosensitive TRPs -- TRPs in taste and chemesthesis -- TRPs and Pain -- TRPs in hearing -- TRPs in olfaction -- General topics -- Evolutionary conserved, multitasking TRP channels-lessons from worms and flies -- Structural biology of TRP channels -- High-resolution views of TRPV1 and their implications for the TRP channel superfamily -- Physiological functions and regulation of TRPC channels -- The TRPCs-STIM1-orai interaction -- The TRPC family of TRP channels: roles inferred (mostly) from knockout mice and relationship to ORAI proteins -- TRPs: modulation by drug-like compounds -- TRP channels in reproductive (neuro)endocrinology -- Modulation of TRP ion channels by venomous toxins -- Phosphoinositide regulation of TRP channels -- TRP modulation by natural compounds -- What do we really know and what do we need to know: some controversies, perspectives, and surprises.
  • Cannabis and natural cannabis medicines / Robert C. Clarke and David P. Watson -- Chemistry and analysis of phytocannabinoids and other cannabis constituents / Rudolf Brenneisen -- Chemical fingerprinting of cannabis as a means of source identification / Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Donald F. Stanford, and Timothy P. Murphy -- Marijuana smoke condensate: chemistry and pharmacology / Hala N. ElSohly and Mahmoud A. ElSohly -- Pharmacology of cannabinoids / Lionel P. Raymon and H. Chip Walls -- The endocannabinoid system and the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids / Billy R. Martin -- Immunoassays for the detection of cannabis abuse: technologies, development strategies, and multilevel applications / Jane S-C. Tsai -- Mass spectrometric methods for determination of cannabinoid physiological specimens / Rodger L. Foltz -- Human cannabinoid pharmacokinetics and interpretation of cannabinoid concentrations in biological fluids and tissues / Marilyn A. Huestis and Michael L. Smith -- Medical and health consequences of marijuana / Jag H. Khalsa -- Effects of marijuana on the lung and immune defenses / Donald P. Tashkin and Michael D. Roth -- Marijuana and driving impairment / Barry K. Logan -- Postmortem considerations / Steven B. Karch -- Cannabinoid effects on biopsychological, neuropsychiatric and neurological processes / Richard E. Musty.
  • Insulin and IGF-I receptor structure and binding mechanism / Pierre de Meyts ... [et al.] -- Subcellular compartmentalization of insulin signaling processes and GLUT4 trafficking events / Robert T. Watson ... [et al.] -- Regulation of insulin action and insulin secretion by snare-mediated vesicle exocytosis / Debbie C. Thurmond -- Control of protein synthesis by insulin / Joseph F. Christian and John C. Lawrence -- Hepatic regulation of fuel metabolism / Catherine Clark and Christopher B. Newgard -- Insulin action gene regulation / Calum D. Sutherland, Richard M. O'Brien, and Daryl K. Granner -- Insulin action in the islet B-cell / Rohit N. KulkarnI -- Central regulation of insulin sensitivity / Silvana Obici and Luciano Rossetti -- Transgenic models of impaired insulin signaling / Francesco Oriente and Domenico Accili -- Insulin resistance / C. Hamish Courtney and Jerrold M. Olefsky.
  • Principles of pharmacology and mechanisms of drug action -- Principles of pharmacology and mechanisms of drug action -- Drug discovery, safety and efficacy -- Neurotransmission and the peripheral autonomic nervous system -- Ischaemic heart disease -- Systemic and pulmonary hypertension -- Heart failure -- Cardiac arrhythmias -- Cerebrovascular disease and dementia -- Peripheral vascular disease -- Haemostasis -- Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease -- Respiratory disorders : cough, respiratory stimulants, cystic fibrosis and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome -- Diuretics -- Disorders of micturition -- Erectile dysfunction -- General anaesthetics -- Local anaesthetics -- Opioid analgesics and the management of pain -- Anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics -- The major psychotic disorders : schizophrenia and mania -- Depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy -- Epilepsy -- Extrapyramidal movement disorders and spasticity -- Other neurological disorders : multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease and Guillain - Barre syndrome -- Migraine and other headaches -- The neuromuscular junction and neuromuscular blockade -- Myasthenia gravis -- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs -- Rheumatoid arthritis, other inflammatory arthritides and osteoarthritis -- Hyperuricaemia and gout -- Nausea and vomiting -- Dyspepsia and peptic ulcer disease -- Inflammatory bowel disease -- Constipation, diarrhoea and irritable bowel syndrome -- Liver disease -- Obesity -- The immune response and immunosuppressant drugs -- Antihistamines and allergic disease -- Diabetes mellitus -- The thyroid and control of metabolic rate -- Calcium metabolism and metabolic bone disease -- Pituitary and hypothalamic hormones -- Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids) -- Female reproduction -- Androgens, anti-androgens and anabolic steroids -- Anaemia and haematopoietic colony-stimulating factors -- Lipid disorders -- Skin disorders -- The eye -- Chemotherapy of infections -- Chemotherapy of malignancy -- Drug toxicity and overdose -- Substance abuse and dependence -- Prescribing, adherence and information about medicines -- Drug therapy in special situations.
  • Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a well-known side-effect of antiresorptive therapy that predominantly occurs in patients suffering from malignant diseases and receiving intravenous administrations of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates or subcutaneous administrations of denosumab, a monoclonal antibody. Less frequently it may also be observed in patients with osteoporosis who are being treated with these antiresorptive drugs. This textbook provides detailed, up-to-date information on all aspects of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws, including clinical features, pathogenesis, treatment options, and preventive measures. It also explains safe prevention and treatment strategies for patients receiving antiresorptive drugs who require extractions, implant insertions, and other dento-alveolar surgeries. This book will be of major interest for medical and dental students, dentists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons as well as osteologists and oncologists.
  • A unified and single-source reference book providing significant data on a wide spectrum of medicinal herbs practiced worldwide and their chemical ingredients. 350 plants are dealt with in detail dovetailing their distinguishing botanical characters, chemical components and biomarkers of all the useful parts, authentic medicinal properties and the pharmacological actions they elicit. Constituent compounds have been grouped according to their natural product classification. This book is intended to oncompass an in-depth coverage of the chemistry of "Plant Products" such as alkaloids, terponoids, phenolics, etc. Emerging trends like aromatherapy and antioxidant therapy are discussed and a user's guide is appended at the end.--excerpted from book jacket.
  • Medicinal plants classified in the family Annonaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Myristicaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Lauraceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Piperaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Aristolochiaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Nympheaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Menispermaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Polygonaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Myrsinaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Ebenaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Bombacaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Elaeocarpaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Capparaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Flacourtiaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Passifloraceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Cucurbitaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Connaraceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Anisophylleaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Rosaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Thymeleaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Melastomataceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Rhizophoraceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Olacaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Icacinaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Euphorbiaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Sapindaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Anacardiaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Simaroubaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Meliaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Rutaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Loganiaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Gentianaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Apocynaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Asclepiadaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Solanaceae -- Medicinal plants classified in the family Verbenaceae.
  • New strategies for traditional medicine -- Developing better herbal medicines in the post-genomic era -- Revitalization of the knowledge of herbs: a way forward to discovery of new drugs -- Ethnobotanical uses of the native flora from Brazilian north-eastern region -- Diversity and uses of the genus croton (euphorbiaceae) in Northeastern Brazil -- Ethnomedical knowledge among the "Quilombolas" from the Amazon region of Brazil with a special focus on plants used as nervous system tonics -- Advances in the knowledge of medicinal plants in Eastern Andalusia, Spain -- Tropical propolis: recent advances in chemical components and Botanical origin -- Anti-malarial plants used in folk medicine in Bangladesh -- Usnea sulcata motyka: an ethnomycological review of its use in traditional medicine -- Sirukurinjan: An ancient remedy for a modern incurable disease, diabetes -- Herbal drugs used for domestic animals -- Endophytes from medicinal plants as novel sources of bioactive compounds -- Advances in medicinal plants with antitumoral activity -- Medicinal plants: how are they used to treat neurological diseases? -- Inflammatory diseases: mechanisms and natural remedies -- Recent advances to evaluate anti-diabetic medicinal plants -- Botanical origin and Biological activity of propolis -- Bioactivity of plant essential oils -- Antibacterial and antiviral effects of aromatic plant-derived essential oils: a scientific and medicinal approach -- Strategies of solvent system selection for the isolation of natural products by countercurrent chromatography.
  • Medicines for women 2015
    In this definitive new text, the major medicines, devices and vaccines used by women worldwide are brought together for the first time in a single volume. Written and edited by international experts with an evidence-based approach, Medicines for Women offers a comprehensive summary of all key areas. In the first part, issues relating to female drug exposure and prescribing to subgroups of women ℓ́ℓ for example during pregnancy and lactation, and to adolescent women ℓ́ℓ are presented in the context of contemporary clinical practice. In the second part, specific groups of medicines are reviewed, including oral contraceptives (with an additional chapter on venous thromboembolism), emergency contraception, contraceptive devices, treatment of chronic pelvic pain, hormone replacement therapy, bisphosphonates, herbal medicines for women, and human papilloma virus vaccines. Every chapter reviews and summarizes the efficacy and safety of each group of products and concludes with a useful set of clinical ℓ́ℓtake-homeℓ́ℓ messages. In the third part of the book, broader perspectives are presented ℓ́ℓ from a primary-care overview of prescribing for women, through to regulatory, political and religious aspects, including issues in developing countries. The two final chapters focus on communicating the benefits and risks of medicines for women. This book is aimed at prescribers, other healthcare professionals and students of womenℓ́ℓs health throughout the world. It is an extremely valuable resource for all in clinical practice, for students of medicine, nursing, pharmacy and related sciences, and also for those in medicines regulation, pharmacovigilance and the pharmaceutical industry.
  • This inclusive text describes hot melt extrusion for pharmaceutical applications, focusing on the materials used for the preparation of solid dispersions, fundamentals for preparing such systems and novel applications using extrusion technology. Highlighting viewpoints from the academic, excipient, equipment, product development and regulatory communities, this comprehensive text compiles input from industry thought leaders to illustrate strategies and technologies for applying hot melt extrusion for drug product development while also providing insight into the path forward for the technology in years to come.
  • Metabolic syndrome is a common syndrome affecting about 20% of the adult population in Europe, and the prevalence is likely similar in other industrialised countries worldwide. It is mainly caused by the western lifestyle, which tends to produce abdominal obesity, but a genetic predisposition also plays a part. This syndrome, which is linked to leisure lifestyles and overeating/obesity, can develop into type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Therefore, proper treatment and prevention are essential. This book discusses lifestyle intervention and treatment, specifically with pharmacological compounds, in order to formulate a strategy for treating the metabolic syndrome in daily practice.
  • Chapter 1. ₃Li Lithium Metallotherapeutics / Robin S.B. Williams and Adrian J. Harwood, p. 1-17 -- Chapter 2. ₅B Boron Compounds as Therapeutic Drugs / Geeta Rana, Kamesh Vyakaranam, John A. Maguire and Narayan S. Hosmane, p. 19-49 -- Chapter 3. ₁₂Mg The Role of Magnesium As a Metallotherapeutic Drug / Pietro Delva, p. 51-64 -- Chapter 4. ₁₃Al Aluminum Metallotherapeutics / Thanos Salifoglou, p. 65-82 -- Chapter 5. ₁₄Si Biological Activity of Organosilicon Compounds / Edmunds Lukevics and Luba Ignatovich, p. 83-107 -- Chapter 6. ₂₀Ca The Role of Calcium As a Metallotherapeutic Drug / Mario Barbagallo and Ligia J. Dominguez, p. 109-124 -- Chapter 7. ₂₂Ti Anti-Tumor Titanium Drugs / Erich Dubler, p. 125-142 -- Chapter 8. ₂₃V Insulin-Mimetic Vanadium-Containing Compounds / Tamás Kiss and Tamás Jakusch, p. 143-158 -- Chapter 9. ₂₅Mn Manganese Metallotherapeutics / Jeanne H. Freeland-Graves, Tanushree Bose and Abbass Karbassian, p. 159-178 -- Chapter 10. ₂₆Fe The Use of Iron-Based Drugs in Medicine / Xiang Wu and Mei Lin Go, p. 179-200 -- Chapter 11. ₂₇Co Cobalt Complexes As Potential Pharmaceutical Agents / Hui Chao and Liang-Nian Ji, p. 201-218 -- Chapter 12. ₂₉Cu Chemotherapeutic Copper Compounds / Francisco González-Vílchez and Rosario Vilaplana, p. 219-236 -- Chapter 13. ₃₀Zn The Role of Zinc As a Metallotherapeutic Agent / Jane V. Higdon and Emily Ho, p. 237-257 -- Chapter 14. ₃₁Ga Therapeutic Gallium Compounds / Lawrence R. Bernstein, p. 259-277 -- Chapter 15. ₃₂Ge Biological Activity of Organogermanium Compounds / Edmunds Lukevics and Luba Ignatovich, p. 279-295 -- Chapter 16. ₃₃As Metallotherapeutic Arsenic Compounds / Paul C. Ho, p. 297-311 -- Chapter 17. ₃₄Se The Use of Selenium-Based Drugs in Medicine / Michael Carland and Tahli Fenner, p. 313-332 -- Chapter 18. ₄₃Tc Technetium in Medicine / Oyebola O. Sogbein and John F. Valliant, p. 333-358 -- Chapter 19. ₄₄Ru Perspectives of Ruthenium Complexes in Cancer Therapy / Olivier Lentzen, Cécile Moucheron and Andrée Kirsch-De Mesmaeker, p. 359-378 -- Chapter 20. ₄₅Rh Rhodium in Medicine / Florian P. Pruchnik, p. 379-397 -- Chapter 21. ₄₆Pd The Use of Palladium Complexes in Medicine / Achilleas Garoufis, Sotiris K. Hadjikakou and Nick Hadjiliadis, p. 399-419 -- Chapter 22. ₅₀Sn Tin Compounds and Their Therapeutic Potential / Marcel Gielen and Edward R.T. Tiekink, p. 421-439 -- Chapter 23. ₅₁Sb Antimony in Medicine / Siucheong Yan, Lan Jin and Hongzhe Sun, p. 441-461 -- Chapter 24. ₇₅Re Therapeutic Rhenium Radiopharmaceuticals / Jonathan R. Dilworth and Paul S. Donnelly, p. 463-487 -- Chapter 25. ₇₈Pt Platinum-Based Drugs / Viktor Brabec and Jana Kasparkova, p. 489-506 -- Chapter 26. ₇₉Au Gold-Based Metallotherapeutics: Use and Potential / Soo Yei Ho and Edward R.T. Tiekink, p. 507-527 -- Chapter 27. ₈₃Bi Bismuth-Based Pharmaceuticals / Neil Burford and Melanie D. Eelman, p. 529-540 -- Chapter 28. Paramagnetic Metal Complexes As Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging / Silvio Aime, Alessandro Barge, Eliana Gianolio, Simonetta Geninatti Crich, Walter Dastrú and Fulvio Uggeri, p. 541-560.
  • Annotation Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant that knows no environmental boundaries. Even the most stringent control of anthropogenic Hg sources will not eliminate exposure given its ubiquitous presence. Exposure to Hg occurs primarily via the food chain due to MeHgs accumulation in fish. Latest US statistics indicate that 46 States have fish consumption advisories. In addition, Hg is a common pollutant in hazardous waste sites, with an estimated 3-4 million children living within one mile of at least one of the 1,300+ active hazardous waste sites in the US. The effects on intellectual function in children prenatally exposed to MeHg via maternal fish consumption have been the subject of two on-going major, prospective, longitudinal studies in the Seychelles and the Faroe Islands. It is important to recognize that the risk for MeHg exposure is not limited only to islanders with high fish consumption. This bookwill provide state-of-the-art information to the graduate student training in toxicology, risk assessors, researchers and medical providers at large. It is aimed to bring the reader up to date on contemporary issues associated with exposure to methylmercury, from its effects on stem cells and neurons to population studies.
  • Methylxanthines 2011
    Notes on the History of Caffeine Use / Bertil B. Fredholm -- Distribution, Biosynthesis and Catabolism of Methylxanthines in Plants / Hiroshi Ashihara, Misako Kato and Alan Crozier -- Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism of Natural Methylxanthines in Animal and Man / Maurice J. Arnaud -- Inhibition of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases by Methylxanthines and Related Compounds / Sharron H. Francis, Konjeti R. Sekhar, Hengming Ke and Jackie D. Corbin -- Methylxanthines and Ryanodine Receptor Channels / Serge Guerreiro, Marc Marien and Patrick P. Michel -- Xanthines as Adenosine Receptor Antagonists / Christa E. Müller and Kenneth A. Jacobson -- Theobromine and the Pharmacology of Cocoa / Hendrik Jan Smit -- Propentofylline: Glial Modulation, Neuroprotection, and Alleviation of Chronic Pain / Sarah Sweitzer and Joyce De Leo -- Methylxanthines, Seizures, and Excitotoxicity / Detlev Boison -- Impacts of Methylxanthines and Adenosine Receptors on Neurodegeneration: Human and Experimental Studies / Jiang-Fan Chen and Yijuang Chern -- Methylxanthines and Pain / Jana Sawynok -- Methylxanthines and Sleep / Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen -- Methylxanthines and Reproduction / Alba Minelli and Ilaria Bellezza -- Methylxanthines During Pregnancy and Early Postnatal Life / Ulrika Ådén -- Methylxanthines and the Kidney / Hartmut Osswald and Jürgen Schnermann -- The Cardiovascular Effects of Methylxanthines / Niels P. Riksen, Paul Smits and Gerard A. Rongen -- Methylxanthines in Asthma / Stephen L. Tilley -- Methylxanthines and Inflammatory Cells / György Haskó and Bruce Cronstein -- Methylxanthines, Inflammation, and Cancer: Fundamental Mechanisms / Akio Ohta and Michail Sitkovsky -- Methylxanthines and Drug Dependence: A Focus on Interactions with Substances of Abuse / Micaela Morelli and Nicola Simola -- Methylxanthines and Human Health: Epidemiological and Experimental Evidence / Marie-Soleil Beaudoin and Terry E. Graham.
  • Elsevier now offers a series of derivative works based on the acclaimed Meyler's Side Effect of Drugs, 15th Edition. These individual volumes are grouped by specialty to benefit the practicing physician and/or clinician. Many of the drugs currently available to physicians have a long history of use as herbal remedies, including opium, aspirin, digitalis, and quinine. This volume will be a reference to health professionals and homeopathic practitioners in understanding the effects of herbal drugs. Surpasses the Physician's Desk Reference © by including clinical case studies and independent exper.
  • In vivo target site concentrations are probably the most important determinant of drug effects. Traditionally, linking drug concentrations to drug effects has been accomplished by modelling blood-derived data, mostly because a direct quantification of tissue concentrations has been beyond technical reach. Today, a direct measurement of target site concentrations is possible by employing microdialysis or complementary approaches such as imaging technologies. Microdialysis, initially conceived in the 1970s, has become a standard tool in drug development. This comprehensive overview of current microdialysis technology covers general and disease-specific aspects of microdialysis by international experts in the field. It provides useful information for colleagues in academia and industry who are interested PK-PD aspects of drug development.
  • Modern anesthetics 2008
  • Currently, there are tremendous advances being made in understanding the basic science of both the structure and function of botulinum neurotoxins. This knowledge is opening up opportunities in regard to both therapeutic uses and treatment and protection options for civil and bio-defense applications. This volume fully evaluates the status of neurotoxin research and exploitation. The book is a multi-authored collection of chapters written by the leading authorities responsible for the current scientific and clinical research that is advancing the understanding and exploitation of the neurotoxins, and is both up to date and authoritative.
  • "Preface Over the past few decades, molecular modeling (MM) has become an important tool in many academic institutions and industrial laboratories. While the role of MM in biological fields--especially in the design and development of novel drug molecules or formulations--is well established and acknowledged, its direct role in the design and development of performance chemicals and novel materials is still not well known. Questions such as, which new products have resulted from an MM-based approach? are still often asked. Although MM may be playing an important role in product development, quite often it becomes difficult to predict its direct impact because most of the time the problem being addressed involves a multidisciplinary approach. Further, the assumption that fundamental phenomena being modeled though MM will have a direct impact on the macroscopic and functional properties of a product make the situation more complicated. In most of the cases, MM actually works as an enabler toward novel product and material development (e.g., novel drug molecules in biological application) rather than directly coming up with new products and materials. This precisely is the reason that despite seeing value in MM tools, most engineers and practitioners are often focus on the question, how do I leverage these tools to design and develop novel materials or chemicals for the industry I am working with? Unfortunately, there is no simple answer to this question. Excellent books and very good research publications highlight the most intricate, fundamental, and theoretical details about MM techniques and tools"-- Provided by publisher.
  • "This book reviews the latest developments in pharmacognosy, introduces a series of new views and insights, presents the hotspots and focus of the field of study on molecular pharmacognosy, and predicts a new direction of study on the resource science of TCM. Furthermore, the book also provides an open communications platform for the development of molecular pharmacognosy."--Publisher.
  • Chemical Hazards in the Organisation / Chris Winder -- Toxicology of Water / Xiaowei Zhang, Steve Wiseman and John Giesy -- Perfluorinated Compounds / Christopher Lau -- Toxicologically Relevant Phthalates in Food / Oliver Kappenstein, Bärbel Vieth, Andreas Luch and Karla Pfaff -- Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Bulky DNA Adducts and Cellular Responses / Frank Henkler, Kristin Stolpmann and Andreas Luch -- Heavy Metal Toxicity and the Environment / Paul B. Tchounwou, Clement G. Yedjou, Anita K. Patlolla and Dwayne J. Sutton -- Toxicology of Ambient Particulate Matter / Damiën van Berlo, Maja Hullmann and Roel P. F. Schins -- Nanomaterials: A Challenge for Toxicological Risk Assessment? / Andrea Haase, Jutta Tentschert and Andreas Luch -- Immunotoxicology and Its Application in Risk Assessment /; Andrew A. Rooney, Robert W. Luebke, MaryJane K. Selgrade and Dori R. Germolec.; Chemical Sensitization and Allergotoxicology / Rosette L. Van Den Heuvel, Nathalie Lambrechts, Sandra Verstraelen, Inge C. Nelissen and Greet E. R. Schoeters -- Male Reprotoxicity and Endocrine Disruption / Sarah Campion, Natasha Catlin, Nicholas Heger, Elizabeth V. McDonnell and Sara E. Pacheco, et al. -- Interspecies Uncertainty in Molecular Responses and Toxicity of Mixtures / Moiz M. Mumtaz and Hana R. Pohl -- Recent Trends in Statistical QSAR Modeling of Environmental Chemical Toxicity / Alexander Tropsha -- Chirality and Its Role in Environmental Toxicology / Imran Ali, Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein, Mohd Marsin Sanagi and Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim -- Genetic Variability in Molecular Responses to Chemical Exposure / Chirag J. Patel and Mark R. Cullen -- Biomarkers in Toxicology and Risk Assessment / Bruce A. Fowler -- A Personalized Life: Biomarker Monitoring from Cradle to Grave / Harald Jungnickel and Andreas Luch -- On the Role of Low-Dose Effects and Epigenetics in Toxicology / Lena Smirnova, Alexandra Sittka and Andreas Luch -- Hormesis: Improving Predictions in the Low-Dose Zone / E. J. Calabrese.
  • This book would combine chapters written by the most qualified authors around the world whose research encompasses the effect of morphine or other opioids on tumor growth and metastasis. This includes clinicians involved in trials determining which type of post surgical pain management can minimize the risk of recurrence or metastasis, researchers working on animal models and studying the effect of morphine on tumors, and most importantly the mechanism for this effect, and lastly cell biologists. There is currently a lot of research going on trying to reconcile the pro- and anti-cancer aspects of opioids actions.
  • Muscarinic receptor pharmacology and signaling -- Overview of muscarinic receptor subtypes -- Structure-function studies of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors -- Polymorphisms in human muscarinic receptor subtype genes -- Muscarinic receptor trafficking -- Physiological role of G-protein coupled receptor phosphorylation -- Novel muscarinic receptor mutant mouse models -- Muscarinic receptors in the CNS -- Muscarinic receptor pharmacology and circuitry for the modulation of cognition -- Muscarinic agonists and antagonists in schizophrenia -- Muscarinic pain pharmacology: realizing the promise of novel anagesics by overcoming old challenges -- Muscarinic modulation of striatal function and circuitry -- Muscarinic receptors in brain stem and mesopontine cholinergic arousal functions -- Muscarinic receptors in autonomic effector organs -- Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists: effects on ocular function -- Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists: effects on cardiovascular function -- Muscarinic receptor antagonists: effects on pulmonary function -- Muscarinic agonists and antagonists: effects on gastrointestinal function -- Muscarinic agonists and antagonists: effets on the urinary bladder -- Muscarinic receptors and mediation of hormonal effects of acetylcholine -- Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists: effects on inflammation and immunity -- Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists: effects on keratinocyte functions -- Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists: effects on cancer -- Activation of muscarinic receptors by non-neuronal acetylcholine.
  • Part 1. Natural Product Drugs and Cancer Therapeutics -- The Impact of Natural Products Upon Cancer Chemotherapy / A. Ganesan -- Identification and Development of Vascular Disrupting Agents: Natural Products That Interfere with Tumor Growth / Andrea T. Hooper, Frank Loganzo, Chad May and Hans-Peter Gerber -- Discodermolide: Past, Present, and Future / Ross E. Longley -- HDAC Inhibitors and Other Histone Modifying Natural Products as Emerging Anticancer Agents / Lilibeth A. Salvador and Hendrik Luesch -- Natural Product Cytotoxins as Payloads for Antibody Drug Conjugates / Frank E. Koehn -- Part 2. Advances in Natural Product Cancer Drug Discovery -- Natural Product Scaffolds in Cancer Therapy / Christian P. Mang and Lars Ole Haustedt -- The Role of Genetic Engineering in Natural Product-Based Anticancer Drug Discovery / Claudia Eva-Maria Unsin, Scott R. Rajski and Ben Shen -- Accessing Anti-cancer Natural Products by Plant Cell Culture / Lisa M. Leone and Susan C. Roberts -- Natural Products as Tools for Discovering New Cancer Targets / John A. Beutler.
  • Natural products and drug discovery / Arnold L. Demain and Lixin Zhang -- Integrated approaches for discovering novel drugs from microbial natural products / Lixin Zhang -- Automated analyses of HPLC profiles of microbial extracts: a new tool for drug discovery screening / Jose R. Tormo and Juan B. Garcia -- Manipulating microbial metabolites for drug discovery and production / C. Richard Hutchinson -- Improving drug discovery from microorganisms / Chris M. Farnet and Emmanuel Zazopoulos -- Developments in strain improvement technology: evolutionary engineering of industrial microorganisms through gene, pathway, and genome shuffling / Stephen B. del Cardayr -- The discovery of anticancer drugs from natural sources / David J. Newman and Gordon M. Cragg -- Case studies in natural product optimization: novel antitumor agents derived from Taxus brevifolia and Catharanthus roseus / Jian Hong and Shu-Hui Chen -- Terpenoids as therapeutic drugs and pharmaceutical agents / Guangyi Wang, Weiping Tang and Robert R. Bidigare -- Challenges and opportunities in the Chinese herbal drug industry / Wei Jia and Lixin Zhang -- Arsenic trioxide and leukemia: from bedside to bench / Guo-Qiang Chen ... [et al.] -- New methods to access microbial diversity for small molecule discovery / Karsten Zengler, Ashish Paradkar, and Martin Keller -- Accessing the genomes of uncultivated microbes for novel natural products / Asuncion Martinez ... [et al.] -- New natural product diversity from marine actinomycetes / Paul R. Jensen and William Fenical -- Novel natural products from rainforest endophytes / Gary Strobel, Bryn Daisy, and Uvidelio Castillo -- Biological, economic, ecological, and legal aspects of harvesting traditional medicine in Ecuador / Alexandra Guevara-Aguirre and Ximena Chiriboga.
  • This updated edition of Netter's Illustrated Pharmacology allows you to take a distinct visual approach to understanding both the basic science and clinical applications of pharmacology. Designed to be compatible and used in conjunction with other pharmacology resources, this medical reference book offers a vivid, uniquely effective visual presentation of the pharmacodynamic relationship between drugs and the human body. And with the new addition of Student Consult online access, Netter's Illustrated Pharmacology is even more convenient than ever before! Available online for the first time! Search the full contents of Netter's Illustrated Pharmacology no matter what your location with convenient access to Student Consult.Visually grasp the most important principles in pharmacology with succinct, easy-to-understand presentations of introductory pharmacologic principles based on classic images by Frank Netter, as well as dynamic new illustrations from other talented medical artists.Learn how drugs are used to treat specific disorders in the body, as well as their effects on a particular site, with a format divided by organ system and full-color illustrations of the systems themselves.Access in-depth guidance on the must-know elements of each pharmacologic principle with clear, concise notes located beneath the corresponding image.
  • This book reviews the imaging features associated with selected classes of pharmaceuticals and drugs on brain, head and neck, and spine and explains the implications of the imaging findings for the neuroradiologist and the clinician. Some agents produce characteristic abnormalities with distinctive imaging features, while others have a spectrum of manifestations on imaging. Still further agents produce rather nonspecific changes on imaging, requiring a differential diagnosis. In this book, informative cases are depicted by rich images, with concise accompanying explanatory text that reviews the class of agent and the mechanism of action and discusses image interpretation and its significance.
  • Imaging Tobacco Smoking with PET and SPECT -- Behavioral Mechanisms Underlying Nicotine Reinforcement -- The Role of Mesoaccumbens Dopamine in Nicotine Dependence -- Nicotine Withdrawal -- Neurobiologal bases of cue- and nicotine-induced reinstatement of nicotine seeking -- Psychiatric disorders as vulnerability factors for nicotine addiction: What have we learned from animal models?.
  • This book provides critical reviews of the role of neurotrophins and their receptors in a wide variety of diseases including neurodegenerative diseases like Huntington's syndrome, cognitive function, psychiatric disorders such as clinical depression, Rett syndrome, motoneurone disease, spinal cord injury, pain, metabolic disease and cardiovascular disease. It also contains contributions from leaders in the field dealing with the basic biology, transcriptional and post-translational regulation of the neurotrophins and their receptors. The present book will review all recent areas of progress in the study of neurotrophins and their biological roles.
  • This book provides an up-to-date review of recently identified natural anti-tumor compounds from various natural origins including plants, fungi, endophytic fungi and marine organisms. It also℗ℓincludes discussion of℗ℓnew areas℗ℓsuch as℗ℓbiotechnology and nanoparticles. Chapters explain the challenges and developments in anti-cancer drug discovery approaches, traditional remedies for prevention and treatment of cancer, marine-derived anti-cancer compounds, and antibiotics used as anti-cancer agents, as well as different classes of terpenoids and carbohydrates, which have℗ℓbeen the subject of discussion℗ℓin this field as efficient anti-cancer candidates. This book will be a concise guide for researchers in the field of pharmaceutical sciences, students and residents in pharmacy and medicine as well as those researching phytochemistry and natural products.
  • New drug development -- The regulatory environment -- Drug discovery -- Nonclinical research -- Designing clinical trials -- Conducting clinical trials I: Experimental methodology -- Conducting clinical trials II: Operational execution -- Statistical analysis -- Statistical significance -- Clinical significance -- Sample size estimation -- General safety assessments -- Efficacy assessment -- Cardiac and cardiovascular safety assessments -- Manufacturing small molecule drugs and biologicals -- Postmarketing surveillance -- Main themes and concluding comments -- References -- Index.
  • Global patterns of nicotine and tobacco consumption / S.K. Hammond -- Nicotine chemistry, metabolism, kinetics and biomarkers / N.L. Benowitz, J. Hukkanen and P. Jacob, 3rd -- Nicotine content and delivery across tobacco products / M.V. Djordjevic and K.A. Doran -- The road to discovery of neuronal nicotinic cholinergic receptor subtypes / A.C. Collins ... [et al.] -- Magnetic resonance imaging studies of cigarette smoking / A. Azizian ... [et al.] -- In vivo brain imaging of human exposure to nicotine and tobacco / A. Sharma and A.L. Brody -- Molecular and cellular mechanisms of action of nicotine in the CNS / J. Barik and S. Wonnacott -- The neuronal pathways mediating the behavioral and addictive properties of nicotine / D.J. Balfour -- Molecular genetics of nicotine metabolism / J.C. Mwenifumbo and R.F. Tyndale -- Sex differences in nicotine action / S. Pogun and G. Yararbas -- Recognising nicotine: the neurobiological basis of nicotine discrimination / J.W. Smith and I.P. Stolerman -- Effects of nicotine in experimental animals and humans: an update on addictive properties / B. Le Foll and S.R. Goldberg -- Discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine in humans / K.A. Perkins -- Rodent models of nicotine withdrawal syndrome / D.H. Malin and P. Goyarzu -- Approaches, challenges, and experience in assessing free nicotine / D.L. Ashley ... [et al.] -- Tobacco industry manipulation of nicotine dosing / G.F. Wayne and C.M. Carpenter -- Pharmacotherapy for tobacco dependence / R.V. Fant ... [et al.] -- Nicotine psychopharmacology: policy and regulatory / J.E. Henningfield and M. Zeller.
  • Introduction: defining the position of non-biological complex drugs -- Polymeric micelles -- Liposomes: the science and the regulatory landscape -- Glatiramoids -- Iron carbohydrate complexes: characteristics and regulatory challenges -- Drug nanocrystals -- Analytical methods for determining the size (distribution) in parenteral dispersions -- NBCD pharmacokinetics and bioanalytical methods to meaure drug release -- Low molecular weight heparins, biological drugs close to non-biological complex drugs -- Nanoparticle albumin-bound anticancer agents -- The EU regulatory landscape of non-biological complex drugs -- Epilogue: What did we learn? What can we expect in the future? Concluding remarks and outstanding issues -- Index.
  • Machine generated contents note: I.Development of Biophar-Maceuticals Defined as Novel Biologics -- 1.Overview of Biopharmaceuticals and Comparison with Small-molecule Drug Development / Thomas R. Gelzleichter -- Introduction -- History and Evolution of Biopharmaceuticals -- Development of Diverse Biopharmaceutical Modalities -- Comparison of Small-Molecule Drugs to Biopharmaceuticals -- Summary -- References -- 2.Regulatory Guidelines and their Application in the Nonclinical Evaluation of Biological Medicines / Maggie Dempster -- Introduction -- Species Selection -- Study Design Considerations for Repeat-Dose Studies -- Immunogenicity -- Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity -- Genotoxicity and Carcinogenicity -- Special Considerations for Anticancer Drugs -- First-in-Human (Fih) Clinical Trial -- Summary -- References -- 3.Early De-risking Strategy for Novel Biotherapeutics / Beth Hinkle -- Introduction -- Establishing A Safety Profile for Biotherapeutics -- General Safety Considerations Related to Biotherapeutics -- Progress in Evaluation of Immunotoxicity -- Can We Better Address Potential Off-Target Toxicity? -- Summary -- References -- 4.Novel Biopharmaceuticals: Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Bioanalytics / Wolfgang Seghezzi -- Introduction -- Absorption, Distribution and Elimination of Biopharmaceuticals -- Disposition of Modified Molecules -- "Metabolism" and Biodistribution for Biopharmaceuticals -- Immunogenicity and impacts on PK and biodistribution -- Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics -- Preclinical to Clinical Translation -- Bioanalytics -- Drug Assays -- Biomarkers: Target Engagement Assays -- Immunogenicity Assessment: ADA Assays -- Summary -- References -- II.Development of Biosimilars -- 5.Overview of Biosimilar Therapeutics / Danuta J. Herzyk -- Introduction -- The Concept of Biosimilars -- General Considerations for Development of Biosimilars -- Biosimilar Candidates Based on Modality and Therapeutic Class -- Summary -- References -- 6.Regulatory Standards for the Approval of Biosimilar Products: A Global Review / Barbara Mounho-Zamora -- Introduction -- European Union -- Pioneer for the First Regulatory Pathway for Biosimilar Products -- The World Health Organization Guidance on Biosimilars -- Regulatory Pathway for Biosimilar Products in the United States -- Biosimilar Pathways in Other Regions -- Summary -- References -- 7.Early Characterization of Biosimilar Therapeutics / Thomas R. Gelzleichter -- Introduction -- Recombinant Insulins -- Recombinant Human Growth Hormone -- Recombinant Erythropoietins -- Recombinant Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor -- Recombinant Interferons -- Low Molecular Weight Heparins -- Monoclonal Antibodies -- Other Classes -- Summary -- References -- III.Vaccines -- 8.Introduction to Vaccines and Adjuvants / Deborah L. Novicki -- Introduction -- The History of Vaccines -- The Impact of Vaccines on Human Health -- Advancements in Vaccines Technologies -- Advancements in Adjuvant Technologies -- Approved Infectious Disease Vaccines and Diseases for Which Preventive Vaccines are Still Needed -- Therapeutic Vaccines -- Product Complexity From a Quality Perspective -- Nonclinical Testing -- Clinical Testing -- Vaccine Development Using the Animal Rule -- The Anti-Vaccines Movement and Misperceptions About Vaccines and Their Safety -- Summary -- References -- 9.Global Regulatory Guidelines for Vaccines / Lisa M. Plitnick -- Introduction -- Toxicity Assessment -- Additional Toxicity Assessments -- Special Considerations -- Formulation/Delivery Devices -- Alternate Routes of Administration -- Special Considerations for Particular Types of Vaccines -- Summary -- References -- 10.Special Considerations for the Nonclinical Safety Assessment of Vaccines / Jayanthi J. Wolf -- Introduction -- De-risking Strategies for Vaccines -- Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Assessments -- Differences in the Nonclinical Safety Assessment of Vaccines and Biopharmaceutical Drugs -- Summary -- References -- IV.Specialty Biologics and Indications -- 11.Turning the Corner with Viral-based Gene Therapy -- Development of the Rogue Biopharmaceutical / Timothy K. Maclachlan -- Introduction -- A History and Primer of Gene Therapy -- The Process of Getting Genes into Cells -- Health Authority Regulation of Gene Therapy Products -- Nonclinical Safety Studies and Regulatory Guidance -- Summary -- References -- 12.Blood Products / Vikram Arora -- Introduction -- Plasma-Derived Blood Products -- Blood Products Derived from Recombinant Technologies -- Summary -- References -- 13.Biological Therapies for Cancer / Gautham K. Rao -- Introduction -- Global Regulatory Guidances -- General Principles of Toxicology Assessments -- Nonclinical Studies and Principles of Study Design -- Specialty Toxicology Assessments -- Pharmacokinetics, Immunogenicity, and Pharmacodynamics -- Nonclinical Development of Marketed Biologies -- Recombinant Analogs of Endogeneous Human Proteins (Interferons, Cytokines, Enzymes) -- Summary -- References -- 14.Nonclinical Development of Multi-targeting Biopharmaceuticals / Anu V. Connor -- Introduction -- Scientific Rationale for Multi-Targeting Biopharmaceuticals (MTBs) -- Evolution of Technology Platforms -- General Challenges and Considerations -- Summary of Challenges -- T Cell-Dependent Bispecific Antibody (TDB) Biotherapeutics -- Dual-Targeting Antibodies -- Summary -- References -- 15.Considerations in the Development of Pluripotent Stem Cell-based Therapies / Joy A. Cavagnaro -- Introduction -- Early Decisions -- Nonclinical Development -- Translating Preclinical Data to Clinical Application -- Global Regulatory Guidance -- Summary -- References.
  • A survey of novel molecular targets for anticancer drug discovery -- Microarrays: small spots produce major advances in pharmacogenomics -- Strategies to target chemotherapeutics to tumors -- QSAR and pharmacophore mapping strategies in novel anticancer drug discovery -- Applications of nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry to anticancer drug discovery -- Antisense strategies for the development of novel cancer therapeutics -- Antibodies and vaccines as novel cancer therapeutics -- Inhibitors as targets for cancer therapy -- Preclinical testing and validation of novel anticancer agents -- Surrogate end points and biomarkers for early trials of novel anticancer agents -- Regulatory considerations in clinical trials of novel anticancer drugs -- Improving the efficacy and safety of anticancer agents: the role of pharmacogenetics -- Imaging of pharmacodynamic end points in clinical trials -- Devising proof-of-concept strategies in oncology clinical trials -- Clinical trial designs for cytostatic agents and agents directed at novel molecular targets -- Cancer gene therapy clinical trials: from the bench to the clinic -- Molecular targets for radiosensitization -- Patient accrual to clinical trials.
  • This volume tries to put current therapy - achievements, shortcomings, remaining medical needs - and emerging new targets into the context of increasing knowledge regarding the genetic and neurodevelopmental contributions to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Some of the chapters also deal with respective experimental and clinical methodology, biomarkers, and translational aspects of drug development. The volume concentrates on reviewing the ongoing research attempting to identify novel treatments for the cognitive deficits and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which are not treated adequately by current antipsychotic medications.
  • Preface -- Steroid Receptor Coactivators (SRCs) as Integrators of Multiple Signaling Pathways in Cancer Progression -- Role of Alteration/Deficiency in Activation (ADA) Complex in the Cell Cycle, Genomic Instability and Cancer -- RUNX2 Transcriptional Regulation in Development and Disease -- Epigenetic Mechanisms of Cancer Metastasis -- Regulatory Effects of Arsenic on Cellular Signaling Pathways: Biological Effects and Therapeutic Implications -- Nuclear Factors Linking Cancer and Inflammation -- Regulation of the Jak/STATs Pathways by Histone Deacetylases -- Receptor Tyrosine Kinases in the Nucleus: Nuclear Functions and Therapeutic Implications in Cancers -- Nucleolar Signaling Determines Cell Fate The RP-Mdm2-p53 Axis Fine-Tunes Cellular Homeostasis -- Transcriptional Regulation of Lipogenesis as a Therapeutic Target for Cancer Treatment -- Selective Inhibition of Acetyl-Lysine Effector Domains of the Bromodomain Family in Oncology -- Domain Specific Targeting of Cancer -- The Potential of Targeting Splicing for Cancer Therapy -- Exploiting Cell Cycle Pathways in Cancer Therapy: New (and Old) Targets and Potential Strategies -- Histone Demethylases in Prostate Cancer -- Therapeutic Significance of Chromatin Remodeling Complexes in Cancer -- Index.
  • Ocular pharmacology and toxicology 2014
    Springer Protocols
    Challenges in ocular pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and toxicology / Brian C. Gilger -- Selection of appropriate animal models in ocular research : ocular anatomy and physiology of common animal models / Brian C. Gilger, Eva Abarca, and Jacklyn H. Salmon -- Challenges and strategies in drug residue measurement (bioanalysis) of ocular tissues / Poonam R. Velagaleti and Michael H. Buonarati -- Chemistry, manufacturing, and control of ophthalmic formulations / Malay Ghosh and Imran Ahmed -- ADME and ocular therapeutics : retina / Cornelis J. Van der Schyf, Samuel D. Crish, Christine Crish, Denise Inman, and Werner J. Geldenhuys -- Compositions, formulation, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity of topical, periocular, and intravitreal ophthalmic drugs / Kishore Cholkar, Aswani Dutt Vadlapudi, Hoang M. Trinh, and Ashim K. Mitra -- Sustained-release ocular drug delivery systems : bench to bedside development / Susan S. Lee, Michael R. Robinson, and Scott M. Whitcup -- Ophthalmic examination as it pertains to general ocular toxicology : basic and advanced techniques and species-associated findings / David A. Wilkie -- Study design and methodologies for evaluation of anti-glaucoma drugs / Paul E. Miller -- Study design and methodologies for study of ocular medical devices / Joseph W. Carraway and Elaine M. Daniel -- Methodologies for microscopic characterization of ocular toxicity / Leandro B.C. Teixeira and James A. Render -- Nanoparticles for drug and gene delivery in treating diseases of the eye / Shreya S. Kulkarni and Uday B. Kompella.
  • 1 Antibacterial agents -- 2 Antifungal agents -- 3 Antiviral agents -- 4 Antiparasitic agents -- 5 Antiglaucoma agents -- 6 Neuro-ophthalmology -- 7 Anti-inflammatory agents -- 8 Mydriates, cycloplegics, and reversal agents -- 9 Lubricants and viscoelastics -- 10 Miscellaneous conditions -- 11 Anti-angiogenesis agents -- 12 Contact lens.
  • Thoroughly revised and updated, Optimization in Drug Discovery: In Vitro Methods, Second Edition presents a wide spectrum of in vitro assays including formulation, plasma binding, absorption and permeability, cytochrome P450 (CYP) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) metabolism, CYP inhibition and induction, drug transporters, drug-drug interactions via assessment of reactive metabolites, genotoxicity, and chemical and photo-mutagenicity assays. Written for the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Expert authors have developed and utilized these in vitro assays to achieve drug-like characteristics in addition to efficacy properties and good safety profiles of drug candidates. Comprehensive and up-to-date, Optimization in Drug Discovery: In Vitro Methods, Second Edition aims to guide researchers down the difficult path to successful drug discovery and development.
  • Oral mucositis 2012
    Treatment tolerance is a challenge for most cancer patients, and it is therefore essential that healthcare professionals (HCP) are quick to recognize adverse events and implement management strategies to address them. This pocket book provides an in-depth guide to the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of oral mucositis, a common adverse event of chemotherapy.
  • Pain control 2015
    Emerging concepts of pain therapy based on neuronal mechanisms -- The pharmacology of nociceptor priming -- Sodium channels and pain -- Role of nerve growth factor in pain -- Central sensitization in humans: assessment and pharmacology -- Nitric oxide-mediated pain processing in the spinal cord -- The role of the endocannabinoid system in pain -- The role of glia in the spinal cord in neuropathic and inflammatory pain -- Plasticity of inhibition in the spinal cord -- Modulation of peripheral inflammation by the spinal cord -- The relationship between opiods and immune signalling in the spinal cord -- The role of proteases in pain -- Amygdala pain mechanisms -- Itch and pain differences and commonalities -- Index.
  • Pasteurella multocida: Diseases and Pathogenesis / I. W. Wilkie, M. Harper, J. D. Boyce and B. Adler -- Pathogenomics of Pasteurella multocida / J. D. Boyce, T. Seemann, B. Adler and M. Harper -- The Key Surface Components of Pasteurella multocida: Capsule and Lipopolysaccharide / Marina Harper, John D. Boyce and Ben Adler -- Pasteurella multocida and Immune Cells / Katharina F. Kubatzky -- Molecular Biology of Pasteurella multocida Toxin / Joachim H. C. Orth and Klaus Aktories -- Pasteurella multocida Toxin Interaction with Host Cells: Entry and Cellular Effects / Brenda A. Wilson and Mengfei Ho -- Swine Atrophic Rhinitis Caused by Pasteurella multocida Toxin and Bordetella Dermonecrotic Toxin / Yasuhiko Horiguchi -- The Pasteurella multocida Toxin: A New Paradigm for the Link Between Bacterial Infection and Cancer / Alistair Lax.
  • The Path from Biomarker Discovery to Regulatory Qualification is a unique guide that focuses on biomarker qualification, its history and current regulatory settings in both the US and abroad. This multi-contributed book provides a detailed look at the next step to developing biomarkers for clinical use and covers overall concepts, challenges, strategies and solutions based on the experiences of regulatory authorities and scientists. Members of the regulatory, pharmaceutical and biomarker development communities will benefit the most from using this book-it is a complete and practical guide to biomarker qualification, providing valuable insight to an ever-evolving and important area of regulatory science. Contains a collection of experiences of different groups taking different types of biomarkers to different levels of qualification and provides insightful case studies of an important area of regulatory science Focuses on practical advice, concepts, strategies and overall outcomes to support those working toward biomarker qualification for clinical use Offers a valuable resource for members of the regulatory, pharmaceutical and biomarker development communities.
  • Calcium ions represent Mother Nature's "ion-of-choice" for regulating fundamental physiological functions, as they initiate a new life at the time of fertilization and guide subsequent developmental and physiological functions of the human body. Calcium channels, which act as gated pathways for the movement of calcium ions across the membranes, play a central part in the initiation of calcium signals, and defects in calcium channel function have been found to result in a plethora of human diseases, referred to as the calcium channelopathies. Pathologies of Calcium Channels brings together leading international experts to discuss our current understanding of human diseases associated with the various calcium channels, from their molecular basis to potential future therapeutic targeting of calcium channels.
  • Peptide-based drug design 2008
    Springer Protocols
    Peptide-based drug design : here and now / Laszlo Otvos, Jr. -- Strategies for the discovery, isolation, and characterization of natural bioactive peptides from the immune system of invertebrates / Philippe Bulet -- Sequence analysis of antimicrobial peptides by tandem mass spectrometry / Christin Stegemann and Ralf Hoffmann -- The spot technique : synthesis and screening of peptide macroarrays on cellulose membranes / Dirk F.H. Winkler and William D. Campbell -- Analysis of A[beta] interactions using ProteinChip technology / Eleni Giannakis ... [et al.] -- NMR in peptide drug development / Jan-Christoph Westermann and David J. Craik -- Molecular dynamics simulations of peptides / Jeffrey Copps, Richard F. Murphy and Sandor Lovas -- Short linear cationic antimicrobial peptides : screening, optimizing, and prediction / Kai Hilpert, Christopher D. Fjell and Artem Cherkasov -- Investigating the mode of action of proline-rich antimicrobial peptides using a genetic approach : a tool to identify new bacterial targets amenable to the design of novel antibiotics / Marco Scocchi ... [et al.] -- Serum stability of peptides / Håvard Jenssen and Stein Ivar Aspmo -- Preparation of glycosylated amino acids suitable for Fmoc solid-phase assembly / Mare Cudic and Gayle D. Burstein -- Synthesis of O-phosphopeptides on solid phase / David Singer and Ralf Hoffmann -- Peptidomimetics : Fmoc solid-phase pseudopeptide synthesis / Predrag Cudic and Maciej Stawikowski -- Synthesis of toll-like receptor-2 targeting lipopeptides as self-adjuvanting vaccines / Brandon Y. Chua, Weiguang Zeng and David C. Jackson -- Synthesis of a multivalent, multiepitope vaccine construct / Laszlo Otvos, Jr. -- Cysteine-containing fusion tag for site-specific conjugation of therapeutic and imaging agents to targeting proteins / Marina V. Backer ... [et al.].
  • This volume examines the effects of natural products and functional/medical foods (nutritional programming) on disease management. It specifically focuses on diseases related to inflammation and immunity, cancer and cachexia, allergies, and brain and neuro/immune. As both pharmacologists and nutritionists are recognizing that the one disease/one target/one drug (or nutrient) concept will be less successful than in the past, this book aims to stress the importance of a multi-target approach versus a single-target approach. It also presents aspects of molecular characteristics of food ingredients toward clinical effectiveness and relevance. The interest in food in health and disease has exploded in the past few years, and publications on the microbiome can be found in all major scientific journals and newspapers. A new concept uses functional foods hand in hand with standard pharmacological therapies, which can be conceptualized in the term 'pharma-nutrition.' With the complementary values of pharma and nutrition, scientists might be able to overcome the increased incidence worldwide of complex multi-factorial disorders, chronic and degenerative diseases in particular.
  • Translational medicine: a paradigm shift in modern drug discovery and development: the role of biomarkers / Mark Day, J. Lynn Rutkowski, and Giora Z. Feuerstein -- Natural products in drug discovery: present status and perspectives / Gabriella Molinari -- Protein pharmaceuticals: discovery and preclinical development / Davinder S. Gill -- The role of nanobiotechnology in drug discovery / Kewal K. Jain -- Conotoxin venom peptide therapeutics / Richard J. Lewis -- Shark novel antigen receptors: the next generation of biologic therapeutics? / Caroline Barelle, Davinder Gill, and Keith Charlton -- Immune interventions of human diseases through toll-like receptors / Cevayir Coban, Ken J. Ishii, and Shizuo Akira -- Genome-based vaccine development: a short cut for the future / Danilo Gomes Moriel ... [et al.] -- The antigenome: from protein subunit vaccines to antibody treatments of bacterial infections? / Carmen Giefing, Eszter Nagy, and Alexander von Gabain -- HSV as a vector in vaccine development and gene therapy / Peggy Marconi ... [et al.] -- Virus-like particles as a vaccine delivery system: myths and facts / Polly Roy and Rob Noad -- Applications of bacterial ghosts in biomedicine / Petra Lubitz, Ulrike Beate Mayr, and Werner Lubitz -- Immune modulators with defined molecular targets: cornerstone to optimize rational vaccine design / Thomas Ebensen and Carlos A. Guzmøn -- Innovative approaches to develop prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines against HIV/AIDS / Aurelio Cafaro ... [et al.] -- New strategies to overcome the drawbacks of currently available flu vaccines / Epifanio Fichera ... [et al.].
  • 1. Overview of Medicines Regulatory Systems in the Gulf Region -- 2. The Regulatory Review Process in the Gulf Region -- 3. Regulatory Review Times in the Gulf Region -- 4. Quality Measures in the Gulf Regulatory Practices -- 5. The Current Status of the Common Technical Document -- 6. The Current Status of Drug Safety and Pharmacovigilance -- 7. The Centralized Regulatory Review in the Gulf Region -- 8. The Gulf States Assessment and Experience With the Centralised Procedure -- 9. The Pharmaceutical Companies Assessment and Experience With the Centralised Procedure -- 10. Proposal For an Improved Centralized Regulatory System -- 11. The Strategic Planning Process of the GCC Regulatory Authorities: Barriers And Solutions -- 12. The Regulatory Dilemma in the Gulf Region: The Way Forward.
  • Contains proceedings of the AAPS Stability Workshop.
  • Challenges, opportunities, and evolving landscapes in pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine : an industry perspective / Nadine Cohen and Theresa Frangiosa -- Implementation of pharmacogenomic sample collection in clinical trials / Deborah Sokol Ricci and Monique Franc -- Pharmacogenomics : the regulatory environment and labeling implications / Myong-Jin Kim ... [et al.] -- Applications of pharmacogenomics in drug discovery / Duncan McHale -- Applications of pharmacogenomics in clinical trials / Monique Franc -- Pharmacogenomics applications in drug metabolism : from genotyping to drug label-challenges? / Ann K. Daly -- The genetics of adverse drug reactions : promises and problems / Martin Armstrong -- Strategies and resources for marker selection and genotyping in genetic association studies / Nicole Soranzo, Dong-Jing Fu, and Qingqin S. Li -- Study design and statistical issues in pharmacogenetics research : from candidate genes to genome-wide screens / Nicholas J. Schork, Nathalie Malo, and Eric J. Topol -- Holy SNP, Batman! / Reyna Favis -- Predictive biomarker classifiers in the design of pivotal clinical trials / Richard Simon -- Translation of biomarkers into clinical utility / William L. Trepicchio and George Mulligan -- Pharmacogenomic study feasibility assessment and pharmaceutical business decision-making / Monique Franc and Theresa Frangiosa -- Co-development of drugs and pharmacogenomics-based diagnostics in oncology / Jeffrey S. Ross -- Pharmacogenomics applications in epilepsy / Chantal Depondt -- Pharmacogenomics in Alzheimer's disease / Ramón Cacabelos -- Pharmacogenomics applications in psychiatric disorders / Todd Lencz and Anil K. Malhotra -- Pharmacogenomics in HIV disease / Amalio Telenti -- Pharmacogenomics and cardiovascular drugs / Gérard Siest ... [et al.] -- Pharmacogenomic applications in children / Susan F.A. Grant and Hakon Hakonarson -- Pharmacogenomics of rare and monogenic disorders / Paul D. Maher.
  • Pharmacogenomics principles : introduction to personalized medicine / Parvaz Madadi, and Gideon Koren -- Traditional therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacogenomics : are they complementary? / Christine Snozek, Loralie J. Langman, and Amitava Dasgupta -- Pharmacogenomics aspect of warfarin therapy / Matthew D. Krasowski -- Pharmacogenetics and cancer chemotherapy / Christine L.H. Snozek -- Pharmacogenomic considerations in anesthesia and pain management / Christine Formea, Wayne T. Nicholson -- Pharmacogenomics of immunosuppressants / Nicolas Picard and Pierre Marquet -- Pharmacogenomics of cardiovascular drugs / Linnea M. Baudhuin -- Pharmacogenomics aspect of antiretroviral therapy / Natella Y. Rakhmanina and John N. van den Anker -- Pharmacogenetics of psychoactive drugs / Jorge L. Sepulveda -- Pharmacogenomic aspects of adverse drug-drug interactions / Loralie J. Langman and Christine Snozek -- Microarray technology and other methods in pharmacogenomics testing / Jorge L. Sepulveda -- Pharmacogenetic testing in the clinical laboratory environment / Mark P. Borgman and Mark W. Linder.
  • Pharmacogenomics : historical perspective and current status / Rosane Charlab and Lei Zhang -- Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography for mutation detection and genotyping / Donna Lee Fackenthal [and others] -- Clinical SNP detection by the smartAmp method / Toshihisa Ishikawa and Yoshihide Hayashizaki -- MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry / Dirk van den Boom, Matthias Wjst, and Robin E. Everts -- TaqMan® drug metabolism genotyping assays for the detection of human polymorphisms involved in drug metabolism / Toinette Hartshorne -- Pyrosequencing of clinically relevant polymorphisms / Cristi R. King and Sharon Marsh -- Pharmacogenetics using Luminex® xMAP® technology : a method for developing a custom multiplex single nucleotide polymorphism mutation assay / Gonnie Spierings and Sherry A. Dunbar -- Use of linkage analysis, genome-eide association studies, and next-generation sequencing in the identification of disease-causing mutations / Eric Londin [and others] -- GoldenGate genotyping assay : custom design, processing, and data analysis / Anna González-Neira -- Genome-wide gene expression profiling, genotyping, and copy number analyses of acute myeloid leukemia using affymetrix geneChips. / Mathijs A. Sanders and Peter J.M. Valk -- Epigenetic techniques in pharmacogenetics / Sandra G. Heil -- Plasmid derived external quality controls for genetic testing / Tahar van der Straaten and Henk-Jan Guchelaar -- Allelic imbalance assays to quantify allele-specific gene expression and transcription factor binding / Francesca Luca and Anna Di Rienzo -- SCAN : a systems biology approach to pharmacogenomic discovery / Eric R. Gamazon, R. Stephanie Huang, and Nancy J. Cox -- Methods to examine the impact of nonsynonymous SNPs on protein degradation and function of human ABC transporter / Toshihisa Ishikawa, Kanako Wakabayashi-Nakao, and Hiroshi Nakagawa -- In vitro identification of cytochrome P450 enzymes responsible for drug metabolism / Zhengyin Yan and Gary W. Caldwell -- In vitro and in vivo mouse models for pharmacogenetic studies / Amber Frick [and others] -- Hydrodynamic tail vein assay as a tool for the study of liver promoters and enhancers / Mee J. Kim and Nadav Ahituv -- Guide to the current web-based resources in pharmacogenomics / Dylan M. Glubb [and others] -- PharmGKB : the pharmacogenomics knowledge base / Caroline F. Thorn, Teri E. Klein, and Russ B. Altman -- Genetic databases in pharmacogenomics : the frequency of inherited disorders database (FINDbase) / Marianthi Georgitsi and George P. Patrinos -- Development of predictive models for estimating warfarin maintenance dose based on genetic and clinical factors / Lu Yang and Mark W. Linder -- Evidence based drug dosing and pharmacotherapeutic recommendations per genotype / Vera H.M. Deneer and Ron H.N. van Schaik.
  • Ch. 1. Pharmacogenomics principles of alcohol and DOA / Christine L.H. Snozek and Loralie J. Langman -- ch. 2. Alcohol : use and abuse / Amitava Dasgupta -- ch. 3. Slate and trait makers of alcohol abuse / Joshua Bornhorst ... [et al.] -- ch. 4. Introduction to drugs of abuse / Larry Broussard and Catherine Hammett-Stabler -- ch. 5. Pharmacogenomics of amphetamine and related drugs / Steven C. Kazmierczak -- ch. 6. Pharmacogenomics of cocaine / Loralie J. Langman and Christine L.H. Snozek -- ch. 7. Genetic aspect of marijuana metabolism and abuse / Pradip Datta -- ch. 8. Genetic aspect of opiate metabolism and addiction / Jorge L. Sepulveda -- ch. 9. Pharmacogenomics aspects of addiction treatment / F. Gerard Moeller -- ch. 10. Methodologies in pharmacogenetics testing / Jorge L. Sepulveda.
  • ch. 1. Physicochemistry -- ch. 2. Pharmacokinetics -- ch. 3. Absorption -- ch. 4. Distribution -- ch. 5. Clearance -- ch. 6 Renal clearance -- ch. 7. Metabolic (hepatic) clearance -- ch. 8. Toxicity -- ch. 9. Inter-species -- ch. 10. High(er) throughput ADME studies.

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A repository of medical knowledge from internal medicine, cardiology, genetics, pharmacy, diagnosis and management, basic sciences, patient care, and more. Continuously expanding, all databases in the repository contain the latest editions of selected medical titles.MicroMedex: Premier pharmaceutical information source containing multiple databases and drug reference tools. Of particular value is DRUGDEX Evaluations, one of the most comprehensive drug sources available.DynaMed is a clinical information resource used by physicians to answer clinical questions quickly and easily at the point of care. Topics are updated daily as new evidence becomes available. 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