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Jurisprudence

  • This book is the first major work that addresses a core question in biomedical research: the question of acceptable risk. The acceptable level of risks is regulated by the requirement of proportionality in biomedical research law, which state that the risk and burden to the participant must be in proportion to potential benefits to the participant, society or science. This investigation addresses research on healthy volunteers, children, vulnerable subjects, and includes placebo controlled clinical trials.
  • Intended as a companion to the Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing volume published in 2009, Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Methodology contains 18 chapters with 4 appendices providing up-to-date coverage of essential topics in this important field and citation to more than 2800 articles and internet resources. The book builds upon the previous two editions of John Butler's internationally acclaimed Forensic DNA Typing textbook with forensic DNA analysts as its primary audience. This book provides the most detailed information written to-date on DNA databases, low-level DNA, validation, and numerous other topics including a new chapter on legal aspects of DNA testing to prepare scientists for expert witness testimony. Over half of the content is new compared to previous editions. A forthcoming companion volume will cover interpretation issues. Contains the latest information - hot-topics and new technologies Well edited, attractively laid out, and makes productive use of its four-color format Author John Butler is ranked as the number one "high-impact author in legal medicine and forensic science, 2001 to 2011" by ScienceWatch.com.
  • Drug incorporation into hair / Robert Kronstrand and Karen Scott -- Passive exposure, decontamination procedures, cutoffs, and bias: pitfalls in the interpretation of hair analysis results for cocaine use / David A. Kidwell and Frederick P. Smith -- Opioids testing in hair / Michel Yegles and Robert Wennig -- Hair analysis for cocaine / Carmen Jurado -- Determination of cannabinoids in human hair / Michael Uhl -- Amphetamine determination in hair / Vincent Cirimele -- Pharmaceuticals in hair / Marjorie Cheze, Marc Deveaux, Gaelle Duffort, Francis Billault, and Gilbert Pepin -- Screening strategies in hair analysis on drugs / Hans Sachs -- Clinical applications of hair analysis / Simona Pichini, Oscar Garcia-Algar, and Rafael de la Torre -- Hair in postmortem toxicology / Robert Kronstrand and Henrik Druid -- Detection of doping agents in human hair / Pascal Kintz -- Applications of hair in drug-facilitated crime evidence / Marion Villain -- Application of hair in driving-license regranting / Manfred R. Moeller, Hans Sachs, and Fritz Pragst -- Alcohol markers in hair / Fritz Pragst and Michel Yegles -- Workplace drug testing using hair samples / Thomas Cairns, Michael Schaffer, and Virginia Hill -- Metals / Jean-Pierre Goulle.
  • This work is specifically designed for non-pathologists who normally interact with forensic pathologists. It presents images of interest mostly to medical examiners, forensic pathologists and pathologists and consists mostly of wounds, and trauma with some coverage of diseases.
  • Bioethics in law 2007
    Springer
    How does bioethics help judicial reasoning? -- Health care ethics committee determinations -- Institutional review board determinations -- Bioethics commission reports -- Bioethics scholarship -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : general acceptance -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : peer review and publication -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : experience.
  • Issues to consider when negotiating a consulting agreement -- What constitutes consulting? -- Scope of services -- Cash compensation -- Shares, stock options, and taxes -- Confidentiality obligations -- IP rights -- Noncompetition -- Time commitment -- Term and termination -- Multiple relationships with one company -- Start-up issues -- Other clauses -- Use of consulting entity.
  • History of bitemark evidence / D.R. Senn -- The role of health professionals in diagnosing patterned injuries from birth to death / J.D. McDowell -- Role of the medical examiner, coroner, and pathologist / J.H.Davis -- The team approach in bitemark investigation / V.F. Delattre -- The nature of bitemarks / M.L. Bernstein -- Reconstructive bitemark analysis / M.L. Bernstein -- Photography / G.S. Golden and F.D. Wright -- Practical tips in forensic bitemark photography / L. Gagnon -- Image processing and analysis for evidentiary purposes / W.R. Oliver -- Bitemarks as biological evidence / D. Sweet O.C. -- Bitemark impressions / R.B.J. Dorion -- Microscopy techniques / P.J. Bush -- Nonperishables and perishables / R.B.J. Dorion -- Tissue specimens / R.B.J. Dorion -- Histology and timing of injury / J.H.Davis -- Animal bites / R.R. Souviron -- Carnivore bitemarks / R.B.J. Dorion -- Human bitemarks / R.B.J. Dorion -- Patterns, lesions, and trauma-mimicking bitemarks / R.B.J. Dorion and R.R. Souviron -- Current context of bitemark analysis and research / M.A. Bush and P.J. Bush -- Research, emerging technologies, and recent developments / R.B.J. Dorion -- Experimental bitemarks and histology / M. Houde -- Genotypic comparison of bacterial DNA recovered from bitemarks and teeth / G.R. Tompkins -- The suspect / L.T. Johnson -- Methods of comparison / J.C. Dailey -- Bitemark report / M.L. Bernstein -- Precautionary measures / P.G. Stimson -- Science and the law / R.A. Mincer and H.H. Mincer -- Case law / R.E. Barsley -- Contracting with the expert witness / R.D. Metcalf -- Courtroom aids in bitemark evidence / J.P. Kenney -- Legal liability of an expert witness / H.M. Pitluck -- Wrongful convictions and erroneous bitemark opinions / I.A. Pretty and C.M. Bowers -- Reliability of bitemark analysis / I.A. Pretty -- Resolving issues in bitemark analysis / I.A. Pretty -- ABFO Bitemark analysis guidelines: outline -- ABFO guidelines for investigative and final bitemark reports -- Bitemark checklist: bitemark recipient -- Bitemark checklist: suspected biter -- Sample consent form -- Dental nomenclature.
  • 1. Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Its Function and a Historical Perspective -- 2. Bloodstain Pattern Terminology -- 3. Bloodstain Classification -- 4. A Methodology for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis -- 5. The Medium of Blood -- 6. Anatomical Considerations in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis -- 7. Determining Motion and Directionality -- 8. Determining the Point of Convergence and the Area of Origin -- 9. Evaluating Impact Spatter Bloodstains -- 10. Understanding and Applying Characteristic Patterns of Blood -- 11. Bloodstained Clothing Issues -- 12. Presumptive Testing and Enhancement of Blood / Charlene Marie -- 13. Documenting Bloodstains -- 14. An Introduction to Crime Scene Reconstruction and Analysis -- 15. Presenting Evidence 16. Experimentation in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis -- 17. Dealing with the Risk of Bloodborne Pathogens -- Appendix A. Weight/Measurement Conversion Table -- Appendix B. Trigonometric Functions and Their Application in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis.
  • The history and development of clinical forensic medicine worldwide / Jason Payne-James -- Fundamental principles / Roy N. Palmer -- Sexual assault examination / Deborah Rogers and Mary Newton -- Injury assessment, documentation, and interpretation / Jason Payne-James, Jack Crane, and Judith A. Hinchliffe -- Nonaccidental injury in children / Amanda Thomas -- Crowd control agents / Kari Blaho-Owens -- Medical issues relevant to restraint / Nicholas Page -- Care of detainees / Guy Norfolk and Margaret M. Stark -- Infectious diseases / Felicity Nicholson -- Substance misuse / Margaret M. Stark and Guy Norfolk -- Deaths in custody / Richard Shepherd -- Traffic medicine / Ian F. Wall and Steven B. Karch.
  • Confidentiality and privilege -- Legal issues in emergency psychiatry -- Legal issues in inpatient psychiatry -- Malpractice and other forms of liability -- Competence and substitute decision-making -- Forensic evaluations -- Clinicians and lawyers -- The clinician in court.
  • Addressing methods particularly valuable to cold cases, the book provides information on cold case reconstruction, investigative techniques, and case reviews. The author merges theory with practice using case histories, photographs, illustrations, and checklists to convey concepts and provide a practical basis for cold cases. He combines techniques from forensics, psychology, and criminal investigation that have proven effective in this field, paying special attention to technologies that may not have been available at the time of the crime. Coverage includes the legal perspective of following a cold case from reopening through trial.
  • "Continuous sedation until death (sometimes referred to as terminal sedation or palliative sedation) is an increasingly common practice in end-of-life care. However, it raises numerous medical, ethical, emotional and legal concerns, such as the reducing or removing of consciousness (and thus potentially causing 'subjective death'), the withholding of artificial nutrition and hydration, the proportionality of the sedation to the symptoms, its adequacy in actually relieving symptoms rather than simply giving onlookers the impression that the patient is undergoing a painless 'natural' death, and the perception that it may be functionally equivalent to euthanasia. This book brings together contributions from clinicians, ethicists, lawyers and social scientists, and discusses guidelines as well as clinical, emotional and legal aspects of the practice. The chapters shine a critical spotlight on areas of concern and on the validity of the justifications given for the practice, including in particular the doctrine of double effect"-- Provided by publisher.
  • History of OSHA -- OSHA inspection procedures -- Corporate compliance management -- Preparing for an inspection OSHA inspection checklist -- OSHA penalty structure -- Defenses to an OSHA citation -- Criminal sanctions under the OSH act and beyond -- Occupational safety and health review commission -- Occupational safety and health review commission appeal procedures -- Operational compliance -- Multi-employer worksite issues -- Workers' compensation and safety -- Other litigation issues -- Other laws affecting the safety function -- Ethics in the safety profession -- Emerging issues in safety.
  • The structure of the normal brain and its imaging appearance -- The general appearance of edema and hemorrhage on CT, MR and US (including a general introduction to CT, MR and US scanning) -- The basics of contrast and its role in dating -- How the imaging appearance of edema and hemorrhage change over time on CT, MR, and US: dynamic (acute) dating -- Patterns of parenchymal injury: pattern (chronic) dating -- Principles of dynamic dating in the medical legal setting -- Principles of pattern dating in the medical legal setting -- Therefore, what can be said based on the images, and what can't be said based on the images -- The root causes of uncertainty in dating neurologic events based on imaging findings.
  • This book covers new and exciting topics which have emerged in the area of autopsy recently, including the three different post-mortem CT-angiography systems currently available to practitioners in this field; a highly topical chapter on the role of genetic abnormalities in the handling of drugs within the body and how this can affect the interpretation of toxicological results in relation to how the drug may have caused or contributed to death; an update on the current classification and considerations related to deaths due to hanging; a review of injuries and fatalities caused by animals including post-mortem scavenging; an authoritative review of poisons and toxins from water and the life that inhabits it; and recent advances in knowledge in the use of entomology as an investigative tool as well as knowledge related to colonisation of cadavers by insects, animals and birds. Essentials of Autopsy Practice: Advances, Updates and Emerging Technologies is a multi-subject book, aimed at different grades of practitioners, from different practice areas, covering topics that are currently discussed and anticipated to be discussed in the field of autopsy practice over the next few years.
  • Involvement in a legal action -- Negligence -- Rules of evidence and codes of civil procedure -- The body of scientific literature -- Foundation equals persuasion -- The expert witness -- Speaking the language of lawyers -- To do the courtroom dance, first learn the steps -- Skeletons in your closet -- Impeachment is not just for presidents! -- Criminal, civil, and workers' compensation cases -- Toxic torts in retrospect -- One case is tragic; two or more cases are an epidemic -- Professional liability -- Out of the ordinary : investigations, cases, and trials -- Do you charge for your testimony? No, I charge for my time! -- Expert witnesses : the good, the bad, and the ugly -- Closing arguments.
  • Expert witnesses : an overview -- Methods, testing, and science -- The players -- The legal context -- Testimony -- Direct examination of experts -- The visual display of information -- Cross examination of expert witnesses -- Ethics.
  • Evolution of the written word -- Principles of handwriting -- Factors that cause changes in handwriting -- Handprinting and numerals -- History of document examination -- Forgery -- Other types of fraud -- Equipping a laboratory -- Care and handling of documents -- Standards of comparison -- Systematic examination of handwriting -- Master pattern -- Detecting fraudulent documents -- Weighing the evidence -- Preparing reports -- Alteration of documents -- Disguised writing -- Disguise versus simulation -- Check and credit card fraud -- Paper -- Writing instruments -- Seals, stamps, and paper -- Typewriters and printers -- Duplicating methods -- Desktop publishing -- The discovery process -- The litigation process -- Demonstrative evidence -- Court cases.
  • Perpetrators / John E. Douglas and Mark Olshaker -- The Victims of violence / Carroll Ann Ellis -- Interviewing techniques / Peggy L. Johnson and John S. O'Brien II -- Forensic emergency medicine: penetrating trauma / William S. Smock -- Forensic aspects of motor vehicle trauma / William S. Smock -- Forensic examination of adult victims and perpetrators of sexual assault / Judith A. Linden, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, and M. Christine Jackson -- Sexual abuse and sexual assault of adolescents / V. Jill Kempthorne -- Child sexual assault: the acute assessment / Mary-Theresa L. Baker -- Child abuse/assault / Richard Lichenstein and Adrienne H. Suggs -- Elder abuse / Adam J. Geroff and Jonathan S. Olshaker -- Treating survivors of intimate partner abuse: forensic identification and documentation / Daniel J. Sheridan -- New drugs of abuse / K. Sophia Dyer -- Serology and DNA evidence / Rosalind Bowman, Teri J. Labbe, and Kimberly A. Mullings -- Law enforcement / Donald E. Steinhice -- Sexual assault and the criminal justice system / Sharon A.H. May -- Testifying / Sharon A.H. May -- Forensic photography in the emergency department / William S. Smock and Patrick E. Besant-Matthews.
  • Forensic epidemiology 2010
    CRCnetBASE
  • section 1. Identification from biomolecular evidence -- section 2. Identification from latent prints -- section 3. Identification from the soft tissues -- section 4. Identification from the hard tissues -- section 5. Facial identification -- section 6. Identification from methods of communication -- section 7. Identification from podiatry and walking -- section 8. Identification from personal effects -- section 9. The Context of forensic human identification -- section 10. Forensic human identification case studies.
  • The problem of auto theft / Mikel Longman -- Victim and witness interviews and collection of circumstantial information / Jean-François Chevalley, Manuel Poza -- General crime scene considerations and documentation / Moira Johnson, Simone Reynolds -- Forensic examination of stolen-recovered vehicles : technical examination and general forensic traces / Marc Demierre ; Chemical traces--drugs, explosives, and gunshot residue / Francesco Saverio Romolo -- Traces and their evidentiary value / Eric Stauffer -- Vehicle identification / William T. Smylie -- Restoration of serial numbers / Horst Katterwe -- Anti-theft systems / Robert F. Mangine -- Examination of steering columns and ignition locks / Robert F. Mangine -- Examination of vehicle keys / Emmanuel Fivaz, Monica S. Bonfanti -- Analysis of vehicle fluids / Eric Stauffer -- Examination of burned vehicles / Eric Stauffer -- Examination of vehicles recovered underwater / Jean-François Voillot -- Examination of vehicle license plates / Didier Brossier -- Examination of vehicle registration documents / Diana Ombelli -- Vehicle searching procedures / Stéphane Kummer -- Examination of vehicles involved in terrorism / Greg Terp -- Investigation from the public side / Greg Terp -- Investigation from the private side : the European perspective / Marc Stauffer ; The U.S. perspective / Glenn Wheeler -- Vehicle tracking / Greg Terp -- Vehicle crime mapping / Jerry Ratcliffe -- International collaboration through Interpol / Alain G. Barbier.
  • Serology and DNA / Lisa A. Gefrides and Katherine E. Welch -- Forensic chemistry / Donnell Christian -- Crime reconstruction / W. Jerry Chisum -- Digital evidence / Robert P. Bianchi and Mark Pollitt -- Explosives and arson : boom and flame / James B. Crippin -- Fingerprints / Brian E. Dalrymple -- Firearms and tool marks / Edward E. Hueske -- Forensic odontology : teeth and their secrets / Helena Soomer / Forensic pathology / Joye Carter -- Assuring quality in the crime laboratory / William J. Tilstone -- Introduction to forensic document Examination / William L. Leaver -- Toxicology in the crime laboratory / Ashraf Mozayani -- Trace evidence in the real crime lab / Richard E. Bisbing.
  • Introduction -- The External Postmortem Examination -- Thanatology -- Autopsy (Syn. Postmortem Examination, Necroscopy) -- Exhumation -- Establishing Identity -- Vital Reactions -- Blunt Force Trauma -- Pointed, Sharp, and Semi-sharp Force Trauma -- Gunshot and Blast Wounds -- Neck Trauma -- Thermal Injury -- Electricity, Lightning, and Gases -- Asphyxia -- Water-Related Deaths -- Death by Starvation and Dehydration -- Clinical Forensic Medicine -- Child Abuse -- Child Sexual Abuse -- Infanticide and Neonaticide -- Traffic Medicine -- Forensic DNA Analysis -- Forensic Osteology -- Forensic Radiology -- Special Case Constellations in Natural, Unexplained, and Unnatural Deaths -- Torture -- Forensic Psychopathology -- Medical Malpractice -- Forensic Alcohology -- Forensic Toxicology.
  • "This book contains basic forensic information necessary for healthcare professionals to assess and manage victims of trauma and criminal behavior. Chapters cover information on types of wounds and how to describe them; various types of evidence which may be encountered in the healthcare setting; and general principles of evidence collection. Common evidentiary items such as clothing, foreign objects, trace evidence, biological evidence, and bite marks are discussed and collection procedures are identified."--Provided by publisher.
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legalized? / Gerald Dworkin -- Slippery slopes and physician-assisted suicide / Neil Levy -- Physician-assisted suicide and the medical associations / Dieter Birnbacher -- Safe, legal, rare? Physician-assisted suicide and cultural change in the future / Margaret Pabst Battin -- Palliative options of last resort: a comparison of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, terminal sedation, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary active euthanasia / Timothy E. Quill, Bernard Lo, Dan W. Brock -- Physician-assisted suicide in Oregon / Linda Ganzini, Edgar Dahl -- Physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands and Belgium / John Griffiths -- Physician-assisted suicide and the German criminal law / Gabriele Wolfslast -- Physician-assisted death: an Australian perspective / Alan Rothschild -- Assisted dying: the view from the United Kingdom / Sheila A. M. McLean -- Physician-assisted suicide: a doctor's perspective / Pieter Admiraal -- Physician-assisted suicide in Switzerland: a personal report / Elke M. Baezner-Sailer -- The European convention on human rights protects the right of suicide / Ludwig A. Minelli.
  • The analog and digital world / Donald Justin Price -- Training and education in digital evidence / Philip Craiger -- Certification and accreditation overview / John J. Barbara -- History, concepts, and technology of networks and their security / Rebecca Gurley Bace -- The digital crime scene / Mark M. Pollitt -- Investigating cybercrime / Philippe Dubord -- Duties, support functions, and competencies: digital forensics investigators / Larry R. Leibrock -- Electronic evidence and digital forensics testimony in court / Fred Chris Smith and Erin E. Kenneally.
  • 11-34 -- Developmental Changes in Adolescence and Risks for Delinquency -- The "Why(s)" of Criminal Behavior in Juveniles: The Long and the Short of It -- Race and Sex Disparity in Juvenile Justice Processing -- Major Principles in a Minor Context: Forensic Practices Involving Adolescents -- Juveniles and Criminal Responsibility Evaluations -- Sentencing Juveniles to Life in Prison Without the Opportunity for Parole -- Transfer to Adult Court: Enhancing Clinical Forensic Evaluations and Informing Policy -- Need for and Barriers to Inclusion in Health Research of Justice-Involved Youth -- Toward Establishing Standards of Practice in Juvenile Forensic Mental Health Assessment -- Assessment in Juvenile Justice Systems: An Overview -- Mental Health Assessment of Juveniles -- The Juvenile Forensic Court Clinic in Theory and Practice -- The History, Development, and Testing of Forensic Risk Assessment Tools -- Assessing Juveniles for Risk of Violence -- Becoming More Therapeutic: Motivational Interviewing as a Communication Style for Paraprofessionals in Juvenile Justice Settings -- At the Junction of Personality Theories: Working with Juvenile Offenders -- Services for Youth in Closed Settings: Gaps in Services -- Implementing Evidence-Based Practices for Juvenile Justice Prevention and Treatment in Communities -- Preventing Early Conduct Problems and Later Delinquency -- Treating Juvenile Offenders: Best Practices and Emerging Critical Issues -- Psychopharmacological Treatment of Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings -- IICAPS: A Treatment Model for Delinquent Youths with Co-occurring Mental Health Disorders -- Serving Dually Diagnosed Youth in the Juvenile Justice System -- Treating Juvenile Sex Offenders -- Sexually Transmitted Infections in Juvenile Offenders -- A Self-Regulation Model for the Treatment of Pathological Juvenile Firesetters -- Mentor Programming for At-Risk Youth -- Responding to Child Trauma: Theory, Programs, and Policy -- Psychosocial Treatment of Traumatized Juveniles -- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Youth Involved in Juvenile Justice -- Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Critical Appraisal -- Juvenile Offenders with Disabilities: Challenges and Promises -- Ensuring that They Learn -- Female Juvenile Offenders -- Juvenile Gangs -- Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry: The Movement Toward Data-Based Innovations.
  • Healthcare trends, stressors, and workplace violence -- Patient privacy and exploitation -- Abuse and assault -- Fraud and theft -- Suspicious death and homicide -- Investigations, sanctions, and discipline -- Prevention strategies and the future of healthcare crime.
  • Part 1. Historical and Socio-Cultural Contexts in Medical Research / British Responses to Nazi Medical War Crimes / Fiona McClenaghan -- History and its Relevance in the Development and Teaching of Research Ethics / Rael D. Strous -- Human Embryo Research and Islamic Bioethics: A View from Iran / Mansooreh Saniei -- From Farming to Pharming: Transcending of Bodily Existence as a Question of Medical Ethics in an Intercultural Context / Axel Siegemund -- Introduction / Jan Schildmann, Verena Sandow, Oliver Rauprich and Jochen Vollmann -- Part 2. Considerations on Ethical and Legal Regulations for Medical Research / Rethinking the Therapeutic Obligation in Clinical Research / Nunziata Comoretto -- Biomedical Research in Developing Countries and International Human Rights Law / Ilja R. Pavone -- Research Involving Human Subjects and Human Biological Material from a European Patent Law Perspective. Autonomy, Commodification, Patentability / Tomasz Zimny -- The Development and Validation of a Guide for Peruvian Research Ethics Committees to Assist in the Review of Ethical-Scientific Aspects of Clinical Trials / Susy Olave Quispe, Duilio Fuentes Delgado, Gabriela Minaya Martínez, Rosa Surco Ibarra and Martín Yagui Moscoso, et al. -- Part 3. Conflicts in Medical Research / Conflicts of Interest in Medical Research: What can Ethics Contribute? / Verena Sandow, Jan Schildmann and Jochen Vollmann -- Research Ethics in Genomics Research: Feedback of Individual Genetic Data to Research Participants / Annelien L. Bredenoord and Johannes J. M. van Delden -- Regulating "Higher Risk, No Direct Benefit" Studies with Children: Challenging the US Federal Regulations / Anna E. Westra, Jan M. Wit, Rám N. Sukhai and Inez D. de Beaufort -- Part 4. New Developments in Medical Research and Ethical Implications / A Paradigm Change in Research Ethics / Rieke van der Graaf and Johannes J. M. van Delden -- Translation of Cancer Molecular Biomarkers: Ethical and Epistemological Issues / Flavio D'Abramo and Cecilia Guastadisegni -- Rethinking the Ethics of Human Biomedical Non-Interventional Research / Kristi L{tilde}ouk.
  • This volume assembles an interdisciplinary team of leading academics, industry figures, policymakers and NGOs to consider the legal, ethical and social issues that are raised by innovations in nanoscience and nanotechnology. By bringing together international experts from a diverse range of fields this volume addresses the implications and impact that nanotechnology has on society. Through the exploration of six key themes the contributors analyse both the impact of nanotechnology and the emergence of the concept of nanoethics. Each section includes authors from both sides of the political and scientific divide incorporating both positive and negative perspectives on nanotechnology, as well as including discussions of associated concepts such as converging technologies. The result provides for the widest and most balanced discussion of these issues to date.
  • Introduction to intellectual property -- Obtaining, enforcing and defending patents -- The patent-eligibility of genes -- Medical procedure patents -- Rights and roles of universities and inventors -- Drug development : balancing innovation, access and profits -- Patent battles part I : small-molecule drugs -- Patent battles part II : the Biosimilars Act and biologics -- International patent law, trade law, and access to drugs.
  • Introduction -- Punishment and culture / Thomas G. Blomberg, William D. Bales, and Courtney A. Waid -- Prisons and jails / Roy D. King -- Suicide in prisons and jails / Christine Tartaro and David Lester -- Hit 'em where it hurts : monetary and nontraditional punitive sanctions / Shanna Van Slyke, Gordon P. Waldo, and William Bales -- The death penalty : the movement toward worldwide abolition / Roger Hood -- Probation, parole, and community corrections : an international perspective / Lawrence F. Travis and Victoria Simpson Beck -- Crime prevention / Steven P. Lab -- Situational crime prevention / Marcus Felson -- Early developmental crime prevention / David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh -- Deterrence and deterrence experiences : preventing crime through the threat of punishment / Per-Olof H. Wikstrom -- Retribution and retaliation / John Pratt -- Reparation, compensation, and restitution : our best explanations / Charles F. Abel -- The police / Joseph A. Schafer and Clemens Bartollas -- What can police do to reduce crime, disorder, and fear? / David Weisburd and John E. Eck -- When states do not extradite : gaps in the global web of formal social control / William F. McDonald -- A comparative look at the roles and functions of the prosecution and defense in western trial systems / William T. Pizzi -- Sentencing structure and reform in common law jurisdictions / Julian V. Roberts and Estella Baker -- Victims and victimization / Ken Pease -- Restorative justice : an alternative for responding to crime? / Lode Walgrave -- The practice of victim offender mediation : a look at the evidence / Mark S. Umbreit, Robert B. Coates, and Betty Vos -- Lenient justice? punishing white-collar and corporate crime / Henry N. Pontell, Stephen M. Rosoff, and Andrew Peterson -- The third wave : American sex offender policies since the 1990s / Jonathan Simon and Chrysanthi Leon.
  • Technologies are developing faster and their impact is bigger than ever before. Synergies emerge between formerly independent technologies that trigger accelerated and unpredicted effects. Alongside these technological advances new ethical ideas and powerful moral ideologies have appeared which force us to consider the application of these emerging technologies. In attempting to navigate utopian and dystopian visions of the future, it becomes clear that technological progress and its moral quandaries call for new policies and legislative responses. Against this backdrop this new book series from Springer provides a forum for interdisciplinary discussion and normative analysis of emerging technologies that are likely to have a significant impact on the environment, society and/or humanity. These will include, but be no means limited to nanotechnology, neurotechnology, information technology, biotechnology, weapons and security technology, energy technology, and space-based technologies.
  • Sources of liability: Forms of legal complaints -- Duty as an element of a lawsuit: obligations and responsibilities -- Duty as an element of a lawsuit: sources of standards -- Duty as an element of a lawsuit: procedural requirments -- Breach, causation, and damages as elements of a lawsuit -- Defenses to a lawsuit -- Communication.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Defining the rights to physician-assisted suicide -- 3. Glucksburg v. Compassion -- 4. A legal right to physician-assisted suicide -- 5. A moral right to physician assisted suicide -- 6. The concept of fetal rights -- 7. Maternal duties and fetal rights -- 8. The scope of the right to procreational autonomy -- 9. Possessors of the right to procreational autonomy -- 10. Medical futility and moral rights.
  • Insuring the practice of medicine / Mark Gorney and Richard E. Anderson -- What every doctor should know about litigation : a primer on how to win medical malpractice lawsuits / Fred J. Hiestand -- Risk reduction from a plaintiff attorney's perspective / David Wm. Horan -- The physician as a witness / Joel A. Mattison -- The judicial process : discovery and deposition / Jonathan I. Epstein -- Communication and patient safety / Mark Gorney -- E-medicine in the physician's office / Edward Fotsch -- Risk management for the family physician / Malcolm H. Weiss -- Emergency medicine / Michael Jay Bresler -- Anesthesiology / Ann S. Lofsky -- Malpractice and medical practice : obstetrics and gynecology / Jack M. Schneider -- Breast cancer litigation / Richard E. Anderson and David B. Troxel -- Pap smear litigation / David B. Troxel -- Medical liability in plastic and reconstructive surgery / Mark Gorney -- The case for legal reform / Richard E. Anderson -- Health policy review : medical malpractice / David M. Studdert, Michelle M. Mello, and Troyen A. Brennan -- New directions in medical liability reform / William M. Sage.
  • Reduce your risk of costly litigation! Written in easy-to-understand language by a team of medical doctors who are also attorneys at law, this handbook addresses the issues surrounding the growing incidence of medical malpractice. It examines the scenarios that can result in a malpractice suit, the best actions to take during the course of litigation, and the most effective ways to minimize your legal liabilities. Access the expert guidance of top professionals across medical and legal fields in an easy-to-read format. Review the legal aspects of nearly every medical topic that impacts health care professionals. Quickly see how to minimize your legal liabilities with the aid of "Golden Rule" boxes. Understand the different types of malpractice suits and the physician's position and defense in each. See how concepts apply to specific scenarios through abundant case studies. Explore specific legal considerations for each medical specialty.
  • The orthopaedic surgeon's viewpoint -- The legal viewpoint -- The orthopaedic surgeon in court -- The shoulder -- The humerus -- The elbow -- The forearm -- The wrist -- Hand injuries -- The hip -- The femur -- The knee -- The tibia and fibula -- The ankle -- The foot -- The pelvis and acetabulum -- The cervical spine: Whiplash injury -- The cervical spine: Fractures -- Assessment of patients with low back problems in the medicolegal setting -- Thoracic and lumbar spine fractures -- Traumatic spinal cord injuries -- Head injury -- Soft tissue injuries, including burns -- Peripheral nerve injuries -- The psychological effects of trauma -- Complex regional pain syndrome -- Arm pain and work -- Radiology in medicolegal practice -- Hand-arm vibration syndrome -- Medicolegal aspects of cauda equina syndrome.
  • Microbial forensics 2005
    ScienceDirect
  • The metaphor of the monster or predator usually a sexual predator, drug dealer in areas frequented by children, or psychopathic murderer is a powerful framing device in public discourse about how the criminal justice system should respond to serious violent crimes. The cultural history of the monster reveals significant features of the metaphor that raise questions about the extent to which justice can be achieved in both the punishment of what are regarded as ""monstrous crimes"" and the treatment of those who commit such crimes. This book is the first to address the connections between the ...
  • Patents -- Copyrights -- Integrated circuit topographies -- Trade secrets -- Ownership of nanotech intellectual property -- Delegation of power to agencies -- Examples of regulation of nanotechnology -- Political and judicial control over agency action -- Civil liability -- Criminal liability.
  • Introduction to Competitive Intelligence -- Overall Perspective of Due Diligence Investigations and Processes -- The Regulatory Functional Review: Primary Roles -- The On-Site Due Diligence/Data Room Meeting and Interactions with Other Functional Area Experts -- Intellectual Property -- The Final Report -- Competitive Intelligence Summary.
  • pt. 1. Quality assurance of chemometric methods and pathology : selected topics -- pt. 2. Quality assurance aspects of newly emerging methods in pathology and laboratory medicine -- pt. 3. Accreditation, standards, and education : their role in maintaining quality.
  • Part 1 : General considerations -- Basic medical malpractice terminology -- The defense attorney -- The plaintiff's attorney -- The trial judge -- The medical expert -- Sequence of events in a medical malpractice lawsuit -- Informed consent -- The five most effective risk prevention strategies -- Revelation of adverse events and the conundrum of an apology -- Part 2 : Risk management in the ophthalmic subspecialties and related fields -- Anesthesia -- Cataract surgery -- Cornea : external disease and contact lenses -- Drugs -- Emergencies -- Glaucoma -- Neuroophthalmology -- Oncology -- Ophthalmic plastic surgery -- Pediatric ophthalmology -- Refractive corneal surgery -- Retina and vitreous -- Uveitis -- Part 3 : Personal and business considerations -- Physician and defendant : living and coping with a double life -- Medical malpractice insurance : selection of companies and policies.
  • "Risk, Liability and Malpractice: What Every Plastic Surgeon Need To Know" is your indispensable guide to maintaining a reputable, safe, successful plastic surgery practice. Authors Phil Haeck, MD and Mark Gorney, MD, two of the best-known and most trusted authorities on this subject, discuss every issue you need to consider, from which procedures carry the highest risk through claims arising from Medi-Spas and unique aspects of providing aesthetic surgery for male patients. Written in a concise and easy-to-read style, this is the book you need to make wise clinical and practice decisions, manage your patients' expectations, avoid complications, and deliver satisfying results. Effectively navigate your toughest legal issues! Must-read chapters include "The Most Risky Procedures in Plastic Surgery," "Claims Arising From Medi-Spas," and "The Unique Aspects of The Male Patient and Aesthetic Surgery." Get advice you can trust! Phil Haeck, MD has been writing Plastic Surgery News's "On Legal Grounds" column for more than five years and is the 2011/2012 president of ASPS. Mark Gorney, MD, a former ASPS president, is a founding member of The Doctors Company, now the country's largest malpractice insurance carrier, and has taught the basics in risk management to thousands of his colleagues. Read it quickly and put it to work in your practice! A concise, practical approach with minimal legal jargon presents the guidance you need in a way that is easy to understand and apply.
  • About the editors/authors -- Contributors -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Organization and content of book -- 2. What is forensic document examination -- 3. A forensic document examiners training -- 4. Care and handling of documents -- 5. Work notes -- 6. The Daubert era -- 7. Conclusions and guidelines for handwriting comparison -- 8. Identification of handwriting -- 9. Identification of signatures -- 10. Identification of hand printing and numerals -- 11. Disguise in hand printing and numerals -- 12. Preparation and collection of signatures and handwriting standards -- 13. Pens and pencils -- 14. Typography -- 15. Typewriters -- 16. The examination of computer-generated documents -- 17. Photocopiers -- 18. Facsimile machines -- 19. Manipulated photocopies, faxes, and computer-printed documents -- 20. Rubber stamps -- 21. Checkwriters -- 22. Staples -- 23. Conventional printing processes -- 24. Paper examinations -- 25. Carbonless paper -- 26. Accidental markings and indented writing on a document -- 27. Alterations in documents -- 28. Multi-faceted approach -- 29. The role of indentation analysis, offsetting, and transfer -- 30. Dating by materials: identification, comparison, and examination of changes -- 31. Cameras, scanners, and image enhancement -- 32. Conclusions and guidelines -- 33. Considerations in preparing for court -- 34. Demonstrative charts -- 35. Pretrial conference -- 36. Preparation for a Daubert hearing -- 37. The untrained document expert witness -- 38. The document examiners testimony in court -- Glossary -- Index.
  • Introduction / Emilio Mordini, Dimitrios Tzovaras, and Holly Ashton -- Epistemological foundation of biometrics / Giampaolo Ghilardi and Flavio Keller -- Biometric recognition : an overview / Anil K. Jain and Ajay Kumar -- Biometrics, privacy and agency / Annemarie Sprokkereef and Paul de Hert -- Gait and anthropomorphic profile biometrics : a step forward / Dimosthenis Ioannidis ... (et al.) -- Activity and event related biometrics / Anastasios Drosou and Dimitrios Tzovaras -- Electrophysiological biometrics : opportunities and risks / Alejandro Riera ... (et al.) -- Intelligent biometrics / Farzin Deravi -- Behavioral biometrics and human identity / Ben A.M. Schouten, Albert Ali Salah, and Rob van Kranenburg -- Behavioral biometrics : emerging trends and ethical risks / Günter Schumacher -- Facial recognition, facial expression and intention detection / Massimo Tistarelli, Susan E. Barrett, and Alice J. O'Toole -- The transparent body : medical information, physical privacy and respect for body integrity / Emilio Mordini and Holly Ashton -- Security in the danger zone : normative issues of next generation biometrics / Irma van der Ploeg -- The dark side of the moon : accountability, ethics and new biometrics / Juliet Lodge -- Conclusions / Emilio Mordini.
  • Skeletal examination method -- Skull fractures -- Rib fractures -- Fractures of the vertebral column, sternum, scapulae, and clavicles -- Long bone fractures -- Healing and interpretation -- Natural disease may mimic child abuse.
  • An Epidemiological approach to forensic investigations of violations to international humanitarian and human rights law -- Differential diagnosis of skeletal trauma -- Blasting injuries -- Blunt force trauma -- Skeletal evidence of torture -- Sharp force trauma -- Gunfire injuries -- Variation in gunfire wounds by skeletal region.
  • Nature, distribution, and origin of soil materials in the forensic comparison of soils / Robert W. Fitzpatrick -- Cadaver decomposition and soil: processes / David O. Carter and Mark Tibbett -- The role of soil organisms in terrestrial decomposition / David W. Hopkins -- Soil fungi associated with graves and latrines: towards a forensic mycology / Naohiko Sagara, Takashi Yamanaka, and Mark Tibbett -- The role of invertebrates in terrestrial decomposition: forensic applications / Ian R. Dadour and Michelle L. Harvey -- The decomposition of hair in the buried body environment / Andrew S. Wilson -- The decomposition of materials associated with buried cadavers / Robert C. Janaway -- Decomposition chemistry in a burial environment / Shari L. Forbes -- Potential determinants of postmortem and postburial interval of buried remains / Shari l. Forbes -- Principles and methodologies of measuring microbial activity and biomass in soil / Phil Brookes -- Methods of characterizing and fingerprinting soils for forensic application / Lorna A. Dawson ... [et al.].
  • Medical overview of sudden in-custody deaths / Theodore C. Chan -- The nature of sudden custodial deaths / Darrell L. Ross -- Neck holds / Gary M. Vilke -- Positional and restraint asphyxia / Tom Neuman -- Restraint stress / Elizabeth A. Laposata -- The role of illicit drug use in sudden in-custody death / Aaron B. Schneir and Richard F. Clark -- Excited delirium / Charles V. Wetli -- Riot control agents, taser, and other less lethal weapons / Christian Sloane and Gary M. Vilke -- Case analysis of restraint deaths in law enforcement and corrections / Darrell L. Ross -- Deaths in custody investigations / Vincent Dimiao -- Liability and wrongful custodial deaths / Darrell L. Ross -- Administrative implications / Darrell L. Ross.
  • Conducted electrical weapons: a user's perspective / Greg Meyer -- The scientific history / Robert A. Stratbucker -- Conducted electrical weapons and resolution of use-of-force encounters / Charles Mesloh, Mark Henych, and Ross Wolf -- Nonlethal weapons: the broader context / Peter J. Cuenca and John G. McManus -- Transcutaneous muscle stimulation / James D. Sweeney -- Current flow in the human body / Dorin Panescu and Robert A. Stratbucker -- Animal studies / John G. Webster -- CEW research models: animal and human studies / Theodore C. Chan and Gary M. Vilke -- Cardiac arrhythmias / Derek J. Dosdall and Raymond E. Ideker -- Electrocardiographic effects of the CEW / Jeffrey D. Ho -- Serum and skin effects of CEW application / Jeffrey D. Ho -- Electrocardiographic effects of the CEW / Robert Reardon -- Rhabdomyolysis / Ronald Moscati and Samuel Cloud -- Effects of CEWs on respiration / Donald M. Dawes -- Neuroendocrine effects of CEWs / Donald M. Dawes and Mark W. Kroll -- Electroporation of cardiac and nerve cells / Vadim V. Fedorov, Leonid Livshitz, Geran Kostecki, and Igor R. Efimov -- Eye and head injuries / S. Robert Witherspoon, Andreas K. Lauer, and Jonathan L. Marinaro -- CEW effects with illegal stimulant intoxication / Patrick Tchou -- Alcohol and the CEW / Ronald Moscati and Jeffrey D. Ho -- Conducted electrical weapons and implantible cardiac devices / Subba Reddy Vanga, James L. Vacek. Loren Berenhom and Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy -- Risk management and the CEW / Greg Bingham -- The New York City experience / Michael D. White and Justin Ready -- Impact of CEW and other types of force and resistance on officer and suspect injuries / Michael R. Smith, Robert J. Kaminski, Jeffrey Rojek, Geoffrey P. Alpert, and James Mathis -- Field statistics overview / James E. Brewer and Mark W. Kroll -- Sudden in-custody death / Samuel J. Stratton -- Stimulant abuse and sudden cardiac death / Steven B. Karch -- The systemic role of illicit drugs and their toxicology / Joshua Gunn, Michael A. Evans, and M. Scott Kriger -- Excited delirium syndrome / Vincent J. M. Di Maio and Theresa G. Di Maio -- Biochemical brain markers in excited delirium deaths / Deborah C. Mash -- Sudden unexpected death in custody (SUDIC) / Charles V. Wetli -- Legal basics for the CEW -- Science and logic meet the law / Michael A. Brave -- Appendix A: Excited delirium checklist -- Appendix B: Electrocution diagnosis checklist.
  • A term coined by noted forensic pathologist Richard Dirnhofer, virtopsy refers to 'virtual autopsy', a modality that employs a spectrum of technologies including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy, and 3D photogrammetry and surface scanning. This title reveals a comprehensive summary of the virtopsy procedure.
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