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  • This book is the first major work that addresses a core question in biomedical research: the question of acceptable risk. The acceptable level of risks is regulated by the requirement of proportionality in biomedical research law, which state that the risk and burden to the participant must be in proportion to potential benefits to the participant, society or science. This investigation addresses research on healthy volunteers, children, vulnerable subjects, and includes placebo controlled clinical trials.
  • Addiction neuroethics. 1st ed. 2012, ScienceDirect
    What is addiction neuroethics and why does it matter? -- Brain Imaging in Addiction -- Molecular Neuroscience and Genetics -- Treating Opioid Dependence with Opioids: Exploring the Ethics -- Addiction Neuroscience and Tobacco Control -- Emerging Neurobiological Treatments of Addiction: Ethical and Public Policy Considerations -- Technical, Ethical and Social Issues in the Bioprediction of Addiction Liability and Treatment Response -- Autonomy, Responsibility and the Oscillation of Preference -- Consent and Coercion in Addiction Treatment -- Toward a Lay Descriptive Account of Identity in Addiction Neuroethics -- The Impact of Changes in Neuroscience and Research Ethics on the Intellectual History of Addiction Research -- The Diction of Addiction at the Intersection of Law and Neuroscience -- Social Epistemology: Communicating Neuroscience -- Population Approaches to Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs: Effectiveness, Ethics and Interplay with Addiction Neuroscience -- Legal Regulation of Addictive Substances and Addiction -- Investment and Vested Interests in Neuroscience Research of Addiction: Ethical Research Requires More than Informed Consent -- Private and Public Approaches to Addiction Treatment: Evidence and Beliefs.
  • Advance directives 2014, Springer
    This volume gives an overview on the currently debated ethical issues regarding advance directives from an international perspective. It focuses on a wider understanding of the known and widely accepted concept of patient self-determination for future situations. Although advance directives have been widely discussed since the 1980s, the ethical bases of advance directives still remain a matter of heated debates. The book aims to contribute to these controversial debates by integrating fundamental ethical issues on advance directives with practical matters of their implementation. Cultural, national and professional differences in how advance directives are understood by health care professions and by patients, as well as in laws and regulations, are pinpointed.
  • After the genome 2013, ebrary
    Faith in science : professional and public discourse on regenerative medicine / Tristan Keys, Nancy M. P. King, and Anthony Atala -- From Arrowsmith to Atwood : how did we come to disrespect science? / Ronald M. Green -- The "warfare" of science and religion and science's ethical profile / Thomas M. Lessl -- Is there a human nature? : an argument against modern excarnation / Jean Bethke Elshtain -- Crossing frontiers of science : trespassing into a godless space, or, Fulfilling our manifest destiny / Leah Ceccarelli -- The angels and devils of representing Prozac / Tod Chambers -- "Leave your medicine outside" : bioethics, spirituality, and the rhetoric of Appalachian serpent handlers / Bill J. Leonard -- Biovaluable stories and a narrative ethics of reconfigurable bodies / Arthur W. Frank -- Blacks and the language of their biotechnological future / Ezra E. H. Griffith -- Bioethics, economism, and the rhetoric of technological innovation / Howard Brody -- Technologies of the self at the end of life : pastoral power and the rhetoric of advance care planning / Lisa Kernen -- Suffering and the rhetoric of care / Judy Segal.
  • Animal welfare 2008, Springer
  • Art of deliberating 2012, Springer
    Deliberation and Democracy --Plato Was Not So Far Wrong: Recalling Athenian Democracy --A Reappraisal of the Medieval Approach Will Lead to Excellent Deliberators --Beware of Those Who Think They Possess the Truth! --Let Us Learn How to Deliberate before Deliberating! --Between Ethics and Biomedicine.
  • Why do unresponsive patients still matter? / Anthony Fisher -- Are we morally obliged to feed pvs patients till natural death? / Michael Degnan -- Caring for persons in the "persistent vegetative state" and Pope John Paul II's March 20 2004 address on "life-sustaining treatments and the vegetative state" / William E. May -- Food and fluids : human law, human rights and human interests / Jacqueline Laing -- Quality of life and assisted nutrition / Alfonso Gómez-Lobo -- Towards ethical guidelines for the use of artificial nutrition and hydration / Joseph Boyle -- Understanding the ethics of artificially providing food and water / J.L.A. Garcia -- The ethics of Pope John Paul II's allocution on care of the PVS patient : a response to J.L.A. Garcia / Peter J. Cataldo -- Reflections on the papal allocution concerning care for PVS patients / Kevin O'Rourke -- The papal allocution concerning care for PVS patients : a reply to Fr. O'Rourke / Patrick Lee -- Response to Patrick Lee / Kevin O'Rourke -- The morality of tube feeding PVS patients : a critique of the view of Kevin O'Rourke, O.P. / Mark S. Latkovic -- Ten errors regarding end of life issues, and especially artificial nutrition and hydration / Christopher Tollefsen.
  • The book provides an in-depth discussion on the human nature concept from different perspectives and from different disciplines, analyzing its use in the doping debate and researching its normative overtones. The relation between natural talent and enhanced abilities is scrutinized within a proper conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be seen as a factor of the athlete's dehumanization or is it a tool to fulfill his/her aspirations to go faster, higher and stronger? Which characteristics make sports such a peculiar subject of ethical discussion and what are the, both intrinsic and extrinsic, moral dangers and opportunities involved in athletic enhancement? This volume combines fundamental philosophical anthropological reflection with applied ethics and socio-cultural and empirical approaches. Furthermore it presents guidelines to decision- and policy-makers on local, national and international levels.
  • Evolving bioethics and international human rights /David C. Thomasma --Dignity, rights, health care, and human flourishing /David P. Sulmasy --Human rights : the ethics of globalization /Guillermo Díaz Pintos --Human rights and the right to health care /Amnon Goldworth --Religion, international human rights and women's health : synthesizing principles and politics /David E. Guinn --The limitations and accomplishments of autonomy as a basic principle in bioethics and biolaw /Jacob D. Rendtorff --Person and human being in bioethics and biolaw /Laura Palazzani --Welfare rights and health care /Juan Ramón de Páramo Argüelles --Autonomy and the rights of minors /Wayne Vaught --Domestic violence /George P. Palermo --Balancing autonomy and traditional values in treating terminally ill patients : towards locating the right questions for Japan /David N. Weisstub --Culture, community or rights /Terry Carney --Bioethics between nature and culture /Ana marta González --Medical practice as the primary context for medical ethics /Henk Jochemsen --Euthanasia and multiculturalism /Andrés Ollero --International law and genetic counseling /Carlos M. Romeo-Casabona --International perspective on organ donation /Elisa J. Gordon --Justice in the distribution of transplant organs /Rosamond Rhodes --Human cloning and human dignity /Ángela Aparisi Miralles and José López Guzmán --Accessing health care resources : economic, medical, ethical and socio-legal challenges /George P. Smith, II --Mental health rights : the relation between constitution and bioethics /Julio Arboleda-Flórez and David N. Weisstub --The "vulnerability" quagmire in international research /Judith Kissell --Human rights, health care and biomedical innovation : confronting the research imperative /George F. Tomossy --The rights to die and the duty to save : a reflection on ethical presuppositions in suicide research /Brian Mishara and David N. Weisstub /The right to bodily security vis-á-vis the needs of others /Austen Garwood-Gowers.
  • Before bioethics 2013, OSO
    Before Bioethics narrates the history of American medical ethics from its colonial origins to current bioethical controversies over abortion, AIDS, animal rights, and physician-assisted suicide. This comprehensive history tracks the evolution of American medical ethics over four centuries, from colonial midwives and physicians' oaths to medical society codes, through the bioethics revolution. Applying the concept of "morally disruptive technologies," it analyzes the impact of the stethoscope on conceptions of fetal life and the criminalization of abortion, and the impact of the ventilator on our conception of death and the treatment of the dying. The narrative offers tales of those whose lives were affected by the medical ethics of their era: unwed mothers executed by puritans because midwives found them with stillborn babies; the unlikely trio-an Irishman, a Sephardic Jew and in-the-closet gay public health reformer-who drafted the American Medical Association's code of ethics but received no credit for their achievement, and the founder of American gynecology celebrated during his own era but condemned today because he perfected his surgical procedures on un-anesthetized African American slave women. The book concludes by exploring the reasons underlying American society's empowerment of a hodgepodge of ex-theologians, humanist clinicians and researchers, lawyers and philosophers-the bioethicists-as authorities able to address research ethics scandals and the ethical problems generated by morally disruptive technologies.
  • Introduction to ethics and bioethics / Michael J. Reiss -- The public evaluation of science and technology / Barry Barnes -- Introduction to environmental ethics / Christopher Southgate -- The use of the rainforest as a test case in environmental ethics / Christopher Southgate -- Environmental ethics : further case-studies / Christopher Southgate and Alex Aylward -- Human use of non-human animals : a biologist's view / David de Pomerai -- Human use of non-human animals : a philosopher's perspective / R.G. Frey -- GM crops and food : a scientific perspective / Steve Hughes and John Bryant -- Questioning GM foods / Sue Mayer -- The patenting of genes for agricultural biotechnology / Steve Hughes -- Crop biotechnology and developing countries / Geeta Bharathan ... [et al.] -- Starting human life : the new reproductive technologies / Linda Baggott la Velle -- Genetic information : use and abuse / Bartha Maria Knoppers -- Human genetics and genetic enhancement / Peter Turnpenny and John Bryant -- Patenting human genes : ethical and policy issues / Audrey R. Chapman -- Cloning of animals and humans / Harry Griffin -- Dealing with death : euthanasia and related issues / John Searle -- Animal experimentation in biomedical research / Linda Baggott la Velle.
  • Bioethics in law 2007, Springer
    How does bioethics help judicial reasoning? -- Health care ethics committee determinations -- Institutional review board determinations -- Bioethics commission reports -- Bioethics scholarship -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : general acceptance -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : peer review and publication -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : experience.
  • Bioindustry ethics 2005, ScienceDirect
    Introduction -- Merck: Staying the course -- Genzyme: Putting patients first -- Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Creating and sustaining corporate values -- Maxim Pharmaceuticals (A): Internal and external dialogues -- Diversa Inc.: Ethical issues in bioprospecting partnerships -- Pipeline Biotech A/S: Competing regulatory regimes for laboratory animal experiments -- TGN Biotech: A start-up with ethical roots -- Interleukin Genetics and Alticor: An unlikely partnership -- Sciona Ltd.: A pioneer in nutrigenomics: The path to consumer acceptance -- Affymetrix, Inc.: Using corporate ethics advice -- PharmaSNPs Inc.: Creating an ethics advisory board -- Monsanto Company: Bio-agriculture pioneer -- Novo Nordisk: The triple bottom line -- Conclusion: Lessons for companies and future issues.
  • Brain death 2007, Springer
  • Brutes or angels 2013, ebrary
    A guide to the rapidly progressing Age of Biotechnology, Brutes or Angels provides basic information on a wide array of new technologies in the life sciences, along with the ethical issues raised by each. With stem cell research, Dolly the cloned sheep, in vitro fertilization, age retardation, and pharmaceutical mind enhancement, humankind is now faced with decisions that it has never before had to consider. The thoughtfulness, or lack of it, that we bring to those decisions will largely determine the future character of the living world.
  • This casebook has been developed as a teaching tool for instructors and workshop leaders rather than as a textbook for students or workshop participants. There is no need for participants to have copies of the casebook: facilitators can provide participants with individual case studies and chapter introductions relevant to the research ethics topic being addressed. Individual case studies and chapter introductions relevant to the research ethics topic being addressed can be photocopied from the print version or downloaded from the WHO web site without additional permission from WHO, unless the planned use is in conjunction with commercial purposes.
  • China 2008, Springer
    Bioethics of trust /Julia Tao --Chinese health care policy /H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. and Aaron E. Hinkley --Towards a Confucian approach to health care allocation in China /Yongfu Cao ...Trust is the core of the doctor-patient relationship /Benfu Li and Linying Hu --Medical resources, the market, and the develpment of private-run hospitals China /Xiaoyang Chen ... [et al.] --China beware /H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr --Confucian trust, market and health care reform /Julia Tao --Pursuit of an efficient, sustainable health care system in China /Ana Iltas --Reconstructionist Confucian approach to Chinese health care /Ruiping Fan --Health care services, markets, and the Confucian moral tradition /Zhizheng Du --Markets trust, and the nurturing of a culture of responsibility /Frederic H. Fransen --Fostering professional virtue in the market /Jeremy Garrett --On the reform of health care reform /Ren-Zong Qiu --Is Singapore's healthcare system morally problematic? /Justin Ho.
  • Clinical bioethics 2005, Springer
    Part 1. Clinical Bioethics: Comparing Theoretical Models -- Clinical Bioethics in a Post Modern Age / David Thomasma, p. 3-20 -- The "Telos" of Medicine and the Good of the Patient / Edmund Pellegrino, p. 21-32 -- The Foundation of Medical Ethics in the Democratic Evolution of Modern Society / Diego Gracia, p. 33-40 -- A Communitarian Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Henk Have, p. 41-51 -- A Hermeneutical Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Bruno Cadoré, p. 53-59 -- A Deliberative Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Michael Parker, p. 61-71 -- Part 2. Toward Clinical Bioethics Integrating "Internalmorality" and "External Morality" -- "A Helping and Caring Profession": Medicine as a Normative Practice / Henk Ten Have, p. 75-97 -- Part 2.1. The Goals of Medicine in Relation to the Subjectivisation of Health and Rationalisation of Health Care Institutions -- Medicine as a Practice and the Ethics of Illness / Roberto Mordacci, p. 101-113 -- The Right to Choose One's Health / Paolo Zatti, p. 115-129 -- The Tension Between Ethics and Evidence-Based Medicine / Paolo Vineis, p. 131-137 -- Maintaining Integrity in Times of Scarse Resources / H. Jochemsen, J. Hoogland and J. Polder, p. 139-152 -- Part 2.2. Bioethical Judgment: Epistemological Statute and Institutional Context -- Interpreting Clinical Judgment: Epistemological Notes on the Praxis of Medicine / Roberto Dell'oro, p. 155-167 -- For an Ethical Function in Hospitals / Pierre Boitte, p. 169-180 -- The Ethical Function in the Health Care Institutions: Clinical Ethics Committees / Corrado Viafora, p. 181-192.
  • Print Material
    Indicated and nonindicated interventions -- Orders not to resuscitate (DNR) -- Legal implications of forgoing treatment -- Determination of death -- Informed consent -- Decisional capacity -- Beliefs due to religious and cultural diversity -- Truthful communication -- Competent refusal of treatment -- Advance planning -- Decision making for the mentally incapacitated patient -- The limits of patient preferences -- Failure to cooperate with medical recommendations -- Alternative medicine -- Enhancing quality of life -- Compromised quality of life and life-sustaining interventions -- Euthanasia and assisted suicide -- Care of the dying patient -- Suicide -- Role of interested parties -- Confidentiality of medical information -- The economics of clinical care -- Allocation of scarce health resources -- Influence of religion on clinical decisions -- The role of the law in clinical decisions -- Clinical research -- Clinical teaching -- Occupational medicine -- Public health -- Ethics committees -- Ethics consultation.
  • Clinical ethics. 7th ed. 2010, AccessMedicine
    Medical Indications -- Patient Preferences -- Quality of Life -- Contextual Features.
  • Cognitive enhancement 2013, Springer
    Medical and Psychosocial Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement --Pharmacological Neuroenhancement: Substances and Epidemiology /Andreas G. Franke, Klaus Lieb --Psychopharmacological Neuroenhancement: Evidence on Safety and Efficacy /Dimitris Repantis --A Bubble of Enthusiasm: How Prevalent Is the Use of Prescription Stimulants for Cognitive Enhancement? /Bradley Partridge --Modeling the Effects of Modafinil on Selective Attention Electroencephalographic Neural Correlates /Carlos Trenado --Behavioral Neuroenhancement /Martin Dresler --The Influence of Sports on Cognitive Task Performance - A Critical Overview /Pavel Dietz --The Human Experiment: How We Won't Win the Rat Race. What Can We Learn from Brain Stimulation in Humans and Rats About Enhancing the Functional Neurobiology of Higher Cognitive Functions? /Colleen A. Dockery --Philosophical and Ethical Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement --Better Brains or Bitter Brains? The Ethics of Neuroenhancement /Kirsten Brukamp --Cognitive Enhancement - To What End? /Michael Hauskeller --Nano-bionic Devices for the Purpose of Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Preliminary Ethical Framework /Frédéric Gilbert --Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs, Behavioral Training and the Mechanism of Cognitive Enhancement /Emma Peng Chien --What Is Cognitive Enhancement and Is It Justified to Point Out This Kind of Enhancement Within the Ethical Discussion? /Roland Kipke --No Pain, No Gain? Objections to the Use of Cognitive Enhancement on the Basis of Its Potential Effects on the Value of Achievement /Lisa Forsberg --Does the Cognitive Enhancement Debate Call for a Renewal of the Deliberative Role of Bioethics? /Cynthia Forlini, Eric Racine --Sociological, Political and Legal Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement --The Biopolitics of Cognitive Enhancement /Peter B. Reiner --Are We Heading Towards an 'Enhancement Society'? /Armin Grunwald --Leveling the Playing Field: Fairness in the Cognitive Enhancement Debate /Greta Wagner --My Mind Is Mine!? Cognitive Liberty as a Legal Concept /Jan-Christoph Bublitz --Cognitive Enhancement and Criminal Behavior /Elizabeth Shaw --Enhanced Control and Criminal Responsibility /John Danaher.
  • "Continuous sedation until death (sometimes referred to as terminal sedation or palliative sedation) is an increasingly common practice in end-of-life care. However, it raises numerous medical, ethical, emotional and legal concerns, such as the reducing or removing of consciousness (and thus potentially causing 'subjective death'), the withholding of artificial nutrition and hydration, the proportionality of the sedation to the symptoms, its adequacy in actually relieving symptoms rather than simply giving onlookers the impression that the patient is undergoing a painless 'natural' death, and the perception that it may be functionally equivalent to euthanasia. This book brings together contributions from clinicians, ethicists, lawyers and social scientists, and discusses guidelines as well as clinical, emotional and legal aspects of the practice. The chapters shine a critical spotlight on areas of concern and on the validity of the justifications given for the practice, including in particular the doctrine of double effect"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Miller and Truog challenge fundamental doctrines of established medical ethics. They argue systematically that physicians legitimately cause the death of patients in the routine practices of withdrawing life support and vital organ donation.
  • Dermatoethics 2012, Springer
    Part I. Dermatologist as Clinician -- 1. "Excuse Me...": Unsolicited Dermatologic Opinions: Ethical, Moral, and Legal Issues / Lionel Bercovitch -- 2. "Give Me Enbrel(TM) or Give Me Death": Confronting the Limits of Autonomy / Lionel Bercovitch -- 3. Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Medications: Misguided "Autonomy" in the Information Age / Lisa Pappas-Taffer and Alexander Miller -- 4. Autonomy, Isotretinoin and iPLEDGE: The Ethics of Burdensome Regulation and Use of Teratogenic Medication / Kenneth E. Bloom and Lionel Bercovitch -- 5. "Who Speaks for the Child?" Consent, Assent, and Confidentiality in Pediatric Dermatology / Kenneth E. Bloom and Lionel Bercovitch -- 6. Therapeutic Privilege: If, When, and How to Lie to Patients / Richard G. Fried and Clifford Perlis -- 7. Communicating with Patients About Adverse Medical Events: If, When, and How to Say "I'm Sorry" / Steven Shama, Lyn Duncan, and Lionel Bercovitch -- 8. The Computer Will See You Now: Ethics of Teledermatology / Jennifer L. Weinberg, Rachel H. Gormley, and Carrie L. Kovarik -- 9. Hospital Consultations: Embracing Professionalism Even When It Hurts / Lauren E. Krug and Stephen E. Helms -- 10. The Extender Is In: Delegating Ethically, Ethical and Professional Issues Relating to Physician Extenders in Dermatology / Steven Rosenberg and Clifford Perlis --Part II. Dermatologist as Professional -- 11. Professional Boundaries: Safeguarding the Physician-Patient Relationship / Brandon H. Krupp -- 12. Taking Care of Uncle Bob's Rash: Should One Treat Family Members? / Sandra Osswald -- 13. Peering into the Gift Horse: Is It Ethical to Accept Gifts from Patients? / Lionel Bercovitch -- 14. The Dermatologist and Social Media: The Challenges of Friending and Tweeting / Jennifer A. Sbicca and Stanton K. Wesson -- 15. Respecting Differences: Dermatology in a Diverse Society / Vimal Prajapati and Benjamin Barankin -- 16. Dermatologists Within, Beyond and Struggling with Borders: The Global Dermatologist / Jennifer L. Weinberg -- 17. Feet of Clay: The Impaired Dermatologist / Brandon H. Krupp --Part III. Dermatologist as Teacher and Trainee -- 18. The Mentor-Mentee Relationship: The Devil Is in the Details / Kimberly L. Merkel, John A. Cole, and Stanton K. Wesson -- 19. Tales from the Residency Interview Trail / Jennifer A. Sbicca and Alfred T. Lane -- 20. Ethics Education for Residents: Growing Pains and Learning Crises / Irèn Kossintseva and Benjamin Barankin -- 21. Teaching Ethics in Clinic: Keeping You Smart and Honest / Nely Z. Aldrich and Eliot N. Mostow --Part IV. Dermatologist as Businessperson -- 22. Boutiques, Botox®, and Basal Cells: Can Dermatology Set Its Priorities? / Jeffrey J. Meffert and Maria Villegas -- 23. The Price Is Right: Office Dispensing and Product Pricing / Tivon Sidorsky -- 24. My Elixir, MD: Morphing a Medical Degree into a Skincare Brand / Julie Cantor -- 25. Marketing the Physician: From Antitrust to Distrust / Catherine L. Kowalewski and Jeffrey J. Meffert -- 26. What the Market Will Bear? Ethical and Professional Issues in Medical Fees / Carl Johnson and Lionel Bercovitch -- 27. Spa, MD: When Dermatology Meets Aromatherapy / Tivon Sidorsky and Lionel Bercovitch -- 28. Gatekeepers, Dermatologists, and Their Patients: Mixed Messages in Managed Care / Lindsey A. Brodell, Robert T. Brodell, and Brendan Minogue -- 29. Ethical Adventures in 21st Century Dermatopathology / Homer O. Wiland IV, Barry D. Kels, and Jane Grant-Kels -- 30. Defining the Gray Zone: Client Billing and Contractual Joint Ventures / Homer O. Wiland IV, Barry D. Kels, and Jane Grant-Kels -- 31. No Strings Attached? Managing Conflicts of Interest in Medicine / Noah D. Shannon and Clifford Perlis --Part V Dermatologist as Scholar -- 32. Respecting Human Subjects: Responsibilities of the Clinical Investigator / Kenneth Katz and Samual Garner -- 33. Hope, Hype, and Genotype: Genetic Testing in Dermatological Diseases / Natasha Shur -- 34. Desperate Measures for Desperate Patients: Translational Research in Epidermolysis Bullosa / Alfred T. Lane -- 35. Reading Between the Lines: Can Peer Reviewers Be Expected to Detect Fraud? / Jason D. Gillum, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 36. Hiding Behind the Curtain: Anonomyous Versus Open Peer Review / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 37. Ghost Busting in Dermatology Publications: Providing Byline Integrity / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 38. Telling the Same Tale Twice: Déjà vu and the Shades of Grey in Self-Plagiarism / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 39. Cutting Edge or Cutting Corners? Innovative Care / Jolion McGreevy and Clifford Perlis.
  • Analyzes attitudes to people with various disabilities based on Muslim jurists' works (fiqh) in the Middle Ages and the modern era. This book focuses on people with disabilities and depicts the place and status that Islamic law has assigned to them, as well as how the law envisions their participation in religious, social, and communal life.
  • Edge of life 2005, Springer
    Introduction -- When does a human being become a person? -- All human beings are persons -- How is the dignity of the person as agent recognized? Distinguishing intention from foresight -- An ethical assessment of Bush's guidelines for stem cell research -- Moral absolutism and ectopic pregnancy -- Could artificial wombs end the abortion debate? -- Solomon's dilemma: should conjointed twins Jodie and Mary have been separated? -- Capital punishment and the Catholic tradition: contradiction, circumstantial application, or development of doctrine?
  • Encyclopedia of bioethics. 3rd ed. 2004, Gale Virtual Ref Lib
  • Normality, disease and enhancement / Theodore M. Benditt -- Holistic theories of health as applicable to non-human living beings / Lennart Nordenfelt -- Disease and the concept of supervenience / Robert D'Amico -- Decision and discovery in defining disease / Peter H. Schwartz -- Race and scientific reduction / Mark Risjord -- Towards an adequate account of genetic disease / Kelly C. Smith -- Why disease persists / Robert L. Perlman -- Creating mental illness in non-disordered community populations / Allan V. Horwitz -- Gender identity disorder / Jennifer McKitrick -- Clinical trials as nomological machines / Robyn Bluhm -- The social epistemology of NIH consensus conferences / Miriam Solomon -- Maternal agency and the immunological paradox of pregnancy / Moira Howes -- Violence and public health / Jonathan Kaplan -- Taking equipoise seriously / Fred Gifford.
  • Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethicsIncludes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders. Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice.
  • The necessity and challenges of clinical research involving children -- Regulatory framework for protecting child participants in research -- Defining, interpreting, and applying concepts of risk and benefit in clinical research involving children -- Understanding and agreeing to children's participation in clinical research -- Payments related to children's participation in clinical research -- Regulatory compliance, accreditation, and quality improvement -- Responsible research involving children.
  • Recent surveys demonstrate a high and possibly increasing prevalence of mental disorders in prisoners. They have an increased risk of suffering from a mental disorder that transcends countries and diagnoses. Ethical dilemmas in prison psychiatry arise from resource allocation and include issues of patient choice and autonomy in an inherently coercive environment. Ethical conflicts may arise from the dual role of forensic psychiatrists giving raise to tensions between patient care/protection of the public. This book describes models and ethical issues of psychiatric healthcare in prison in several countries. Relevant issues are: the professional medical role of a psychiatrist and/or psychotherapist working in prison, the involvement of psychiatrists in disciplinary or coercive measures; consent to treatment, the use of coercion in forcing a prisoner to undergo treatment, hunger strike, confidentiality. The book ends with consensus guidelines concerning good practice in Prison Psychiatry.
  • Ethics and intersex 2006, Springer
    "This collection of 21 articles is designed to serve as a state-of-the art reference book for intersexuals, their parents, health care professionals, ethics committee members and anyone interested in problems associated with intersexuality. It fills an important need because of its uniqueness as an interdisciplinary effort, bringing together not just urologists and endocrinologists, but gynecologists, psychiatrists, psychologists lawyers, theologians, gender theorists, medical historians, and philosophers."--Jacket.
  • Ethics expertise 2005, Springer
    Introduction: in search of ethics expertise -- Socrates and moral expertise -- Aristotle's moral expert: the phronimos -- Hume on true and false philosophy -- Moral expertise: a millian perspective -- The ineffable and the incalculable: G. E. Moore on ethical expertise -- Expert moral choice in medicine: a study of uncertainty and locality -- Societal consensus and the problem of consent: refocusing the problem of ethics expertise in liberal democracies -- Ethical expertise, maternal thinking, and the work of clinical ethicists -- The roles of scientific and normative expertise in public policy formation: the anthrax vaccine case -- Philosophers return to the agora -- Ethical expertise in the clinical setting -- Bioethical expertise in health care organizations -- The expert ethics witness as teacher.
  • Increasingly, biomedical scientists and engineers are involved in projects, design, or research and development that involve humans or animals. The book presents general concepts on professionalism and the regulation of the profession of engineering, including a discussion on what is ethics and moral conduct, ethical theories and the codes of ethics that are most relevant for engineers. An ethical decision-making process is suggested. Other issues such as conflicts of interest, plagiarism, intellectual property, confidentiality, privacy, fraud, and corruption are presented. General guidelines, the process for obtaining ethics approval from ethics Review Boards,and the importance of obtaining informed consent from volunteers recruited for studies are presented. A discussion on research with animals is included. Ethical dilemmas focus on reproductive technologies, stem cells, cloning, genetic testing, and designer babies. The book includes a discussion on ethics and the technologies of body enhancement and of regeneration. The importance of assessing the impact of technology on people, society, and on our planet is stressed. Particular attention is given to nanotechnologies, the environment, and issues that pertain to developing countries. Ideas on gender, culture, and ethics focus on how research and access to medical services have, at times, been discriminatory towards women. The cultural aspects focus on organ transplantation in Japan, and a case study of an Aboriginal child in Canada; both examples show the impact that culture can have on how care is provided or accepted. The final section of the book discusses data collection and analysis and offers a guideline for honest reporting of results, avoiding fraud, or unethical approaches. The appendix presents a few case studies where fraud and/or unethical research have occurred.
  • Ethics in psychiatry 2010, Springer
    pt. 1. The context -- pt. 2. Principles of ethics in psychiatry -- pt. 3. The applications of the ethical principles in psychiatric practice and research -- pt. 4. Non-medical uses of psychiatry -- pt. 5. Teaching ethics in psychiatry -- pt. 6. Conclusions and summary.
  • Pt. 1. Research biobanking : the traditional approach -- Consent to biobank research : one size fits all? / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- What no one knows cannot hurt you : the limits of informed consent in the emerging world of biobanking / Arthur L. Caplan -- Users and uses of the biopolitics of consent : a study of DNA banks / Pascal Ducournau and Anne Cambon-Thomsen -- Information rights on the edge of ignorance / Anne Maria Skrikerud -- The dubious uniqueness of genetic information / Anne Maria Skrikerud -- Duties and rights of biobank participants : principled autonomy, consent, voluntariness and privacy / Lars Øystein Ursin -- Biobanking and disclosure of research results : addressing the tension between professional boundaries and moral intuition / Lynn G. Dressler -- Biobanks and our common good / Erik Christensen -- Trust, distrust and co-production : the relationship between research biobanks and donors / Pascal Ducournau and Roger Strand -- Scientific citizenship, benefit, and protection in population-based research / Vilhj́almur Árnason -- Pt. 2. Research Biobanking : towards a new conceptual approach -- Mapping the language of research biobanking : an analogical approach / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- The use of analogical reasoning in umbilical cord blood biobanking / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- The Alexandria plan : creating libraries for human tissue research and therapeutic use / Laurie Zoloth -- The art of biocollections / Anne Hambro Alnæs -- The health dugnard : biobank participation as the solidary pursuit of the common good / Lars Øystein Ursin and Berge Solberg -- Embodied gifting : reflections on the role of information in biobank recruitment / Klaus Hoeyer -- Conscription to biobank research? / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- Ownership rights in research biobanks : do we need a new king of 'biological property'? / Paula Lobato de Faria -- Legal challenges and strategies in the regulation of research biobanking / Elisabeth Rynning -- Annexation of life : the biopolitics of industrial biology / Jan Reinert Karlsen and Roger Strand -- In the ruins of Babel : should biobank regulations be harmonized / Jan Reinert Karlsen, Jan Helge Solbak, and Roger Strand.
  • "Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs. This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise - both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole? These questions are addressed by applying philosophical methods of conceptual analysis, as well as models and theories from moral and political philosophy, medical ethics, and public health ethics, to a large number of ongoing and proposed screening programs which makes this book the first comprehensive work on the ethics of screening. Analyses and suggestions are made that are of potential interest to health care staff, medical researchers, policy makers and the general public"--Provided by publisher.
  • The ethical debate on evidence-based medicine - introduction to the volume -- Regulating health care. The development of guidelines in medical practice and health policy -- Evidence-based medicine and power shifts in health care systems -- Beyond legitimate science: the case for policy-related science -- Teaching evidence-based medicine -- Evidence-based medicine and clinical guidelines in cardiology. Promoting science, practice, or bureaucracy? -- Are particular patients disadvantaged by EBM? Focus on frail elderly patients -- Evidence-based medicine in mental health: towards better and fairer treatment? -- Current epistemological problems in evidence-based medicine -- Coordinating the norms and values of medical research, medical practice and patient worlds. The ethics of evidence-based medicine in 'boundary fields of medicine' -- Research ethics and evidence-based medicine -- Clinical evaluative research: which patients benefit, how and when? A contribution to a European discussion -- Defining a proper background for discussing evidence-based medicine -- Evidence-based medicine and equity: the exclusion of disadvantaged groups -- The role of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: a normative perspective -- The usefulness of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: looking for the baby in the bathwater -- Evidence-based medicine and managed care -- Recommendations from the evibased project.
  • The past, present and future of human nature / Samuel Gorovitz -- Unethical contexts for ethical questions / David Ehrenfeld -- Human subject protections: some thoughts on costs and benefits in the humanistic disciplines / C. Kristina Gunsalus -- Secret state experiments and medical ethics / Jonathan Moreno -- Cross-cultural considerations in medical ethics: the case of human subjects research / Marcia Angell -- Reproductive rights and health in the developing world / Ruth Macklin -- Genetic testing of human embryos: ethical challenges and policy choices / Kathy Hudson, Susannah Baruch & Gail Javitt -- Choosing our children: the uneasy alliance of law and ethics in John Robertson's thought / Karen Lebacqz -- The heart disease epidemic that wasn't: lessons learned from death certificate statistics / Harry M. Rosenberg -- Recent history of end-of-life care and implications for the future / James Flory & Ezekiel Emanuel -- The pragmatic power and promise of theoretical environmental ethics: forging a new discourse / J. Baird Callicott -- The expanding circle and moral community - naturally speaking / Chalmers Clark -- Science, conservation and global security / George M. Woodwell -- Energy, technology and climate: running out of gas / David Goodstein.
  • Medicine and the biomedical technologies in the context of Asian perspectives /Shui Chuen Lee and Justin Ho --Confucian familism and its bioethical implications /Ruiping Fan --The family in transition and in authority: the impact of biotechnology /H. Tristram Engelhardt --Family life, bioethics and Confucianism /Stephen A. Erickson --The moral ground of truth telling guideline development: the choice between autonomy and paternalism /Shuh-Jen Sheu --Truth telling to the sick and dying in a traditional Chinese culture /Stephen Wear --On relational autonomy: from feminist critique to Confucian model for clinical practice /Shui Chuen Lee --Regulating sex selection in a patriarchal society: lessons from Taiwan /Wenmay Rei --Modern biotechnology and the postmodern family /Leonardo D. De Castro --The ethics of human embryonic stem cell research and the interests of the family /Ruiping Fan -- A Confucian evaluation of embryonic stem cell research and the moral status of human embryos /Shui Chuen Lee --Regulations for human embryonic stem cell research in East Asian countries: a Confucian critique /Hon Chung Wong --Stem cell research: an Islamic perspective /Sahin Aksoy, Abdurrahman Elmali and Anwar Nasim --Why Western culture, unlike Confucian culture, is so concerned about embryonic stem cell research: the Christian roots of the difference /H. Tristram Engelhardt --Confucian healthcare system in Singapore: a family-oriented approach to financial sustainability /Kris Su Hui Teo --Respect for the elderly and family responsibility: Confucian response to the old age allowance policy in Hong Kong /Erika H. Y. Yu --Is Singapore's health care system congruent with Confucianism? /Justin Ho.
  • Futures of reproduction 2011, Springer
    Issues in reproductive ethics, such as the capacity of parents to choose children, present challenges to philosophical ideas of freedom, responsibility and harm. This book responds to these challenges by proposing a new framework for thinking about the ethics of reproduction that emphasizes the ways that social norms affect decisions about who is born. The book provides clear and thorough discussions of some of the dominant problems in reproductive ethics - human enhancement and the notion of the normal, reproductive liberty and procreative beneficence, the principle of harm and discrimination against disability - while also proposing new ways of addressing these. The author draws upon the work of Michel Foucault, especially his discussions of biopolitics and norms, and later work on ethics, alongside feminist theorists of embodiment to argue for a new bioethics that is responsive to social norms, human vulnerability and the relational context of freedom and responsibility. This is done through compelling discussions of new technologies and practices, including the debate on liberal eugenics and human enhancement, the deliberate selection of disabilities, PGD and obstetric ultrasound.
  • Genetic democracy 2008, Springer
    Introduction : the scope and importance of genetic democracy /Veikko Launis --The prerequisites for genetic democracy /Helena Siipi --Ethical expertise in democratic societies /Eerik Lagerspetz --Towards global bioethics : the UNESCO universal declaration on bioethics and human rights /Henk ten Have --Autonomy and genetic privacy /Juha Räikkä --Values, rights and GMO : against radicalism --The precautionary principle and the risks of modern agri-biotechnology /Marko Ahteensuu --Population databanks and democracy in light of the Icelandic experience /Vilhjálmur Árnason and Stefán Hjörleifsson --Equality and community in public deliberation : genetic democracy in Taiwan /Terence Hua Tai and Wen-Tsong Chiou --Genetic resources, genetic democracy and genetic equity /Keekok Lee --Moral constraints on permissible genetic design /Thomas Pogge.
  • Genital cutting 2013, Springer
    Tortured Bodies, Tortured Doctrines: Informed Consent as a Legal Fiction Inapplicable to Neonatal Male Circumcision -- Routine Infant Circumcision: Vital Issues that the Circumcision Proponents may be Overlooking -- The Smart Penis -- The Harm of Circumcision -- Evolution of Circumcision Methods: Not "Just a Snip" -- Penile Wounding: Complications of Routine Male Circumcision in a Typical American Family Practice -- Male Circumcision and the Potential for Unexplained Male Adolescent Suicide in Northern Ireland -- Healing the Harms of Circumcision: A Nursing Case Study -- Ten Years of Training: Family Medicine Residents as Conscientious Objectors to Circumcision -- Intersex Surgeries, Circumcision, and the Making of "Normal" -- Intersex Genital Autonomy: A Rights-Based Framework for Medical Intervention with Intersex Infants -- The SAR/ROHAN (The Possession): A Response of Somali Women to Pharaonic Circumcision/Infibulation (PhC) -- Genital Stretching Among the Venda Ethnic Group (South Africa) -- Male Circumcision Among the Venda of Limpopo (South Africa) -- Critique of African RCTs into Male Circumcision and HIV Sexual Transmission -- Randomized Controlled Trials for HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Men in Africa: Untraced Infections, Unasked Questions, and Unreported Data -- Dangerous Myths and Tragic Misconceptions: Fighting HIV and AIDS Cases in Africa with Male Circumcision Strategies -- Defying the Enlightenment: Jewish Ethnicity and Ethnic Circumcision -- Circumcision: Gender and Power -- Reclaiming Circumcision: Armenian Stories -- Self-Made Intactivism in the Middle East -- Genital Autonomy: A New Approach.
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legalized? /Gerald Dworkin --Slippery slopes and physician-assisted suicide /Neil Levy --Physician-assisted suicide and the medical associations /Dieter Birnbacher --Safe, legal, rare? Physician-assisted suicide and cultural change in the future /Margaret Pabst Battin --Palliative options of last resort: a comparison of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, terminal sedation, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary active euthanasia /Timothy E. Quill, Bernard Lo, Dan W. Brock --Physician-assisted suicide in Oregon /Linda Ganzini, Edgar Dahl --Physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands and Belgium /John Griffiths --Physician-assisted suicide and the German criminal law /Gabriele Wolfslast --Physician-assisted death: an Australian perspective /Alan Rothschild --Assisted dying: the view from the United Kingdom /Sheila A. M. McLean --Physician-assisted suicide: a doctor's perspective /Pieter Admiraal --Physician-assisted suicide in Switzerland: a personal report /Elke M. Baezner-Sailer --TheEuropean convention on human rights protects the right of suicide /Ludwig A. Minelli.
  • Globalization and health 2006, Springer
  • Guiding Icarus 2002, Wiley
    ch. 1. Introduction -- ch. 2. Genetically modified foods -- ch. 3. DNA data banking -- ch. 4. Personalized medicine -- ch. 5. Stem Cells -- ch. 6. Conclusion.
  • Harming future persons 2009, Springer
    A collection of essays that investigates the obligations we have in respect of future persons, from our own future offspring to distant future generations. It offers different understandings of the nonidentity problem and evaluates an array of proposed solutions to it. It is suitable for philosophers, legal scholars, bioethicists and students.
  • This new work updates and significantly expands The Hastings Center's 1987 Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care of the Dying. Like its predecessor, this second edition will shape the ethical and legal framework for decision-making on treatment and end-of-life care in the United States. This groundbreaking work incorporates 25 years of research and innovation in clinical care, law, and policy. It is written for physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals and is structured for easy reference in difficult clinical situations. It supports the work of clinical ethicists, ethics committee members, health lawyers, clinical educators, scholars, and policymakers. It includes extensive practical recommendations. Health care reform places a new set of challenges on decision-making and care near the end of life.
  • Healthcare crime 2011, CRCnetBASE
    Healthcare trends, stressors, and workplace violence -- Patient privacy and exploitation -- Abuse and assault -- Fraud and theft -- Suspicious death and homicide -- Investigations, sanctions, and discipline -- Prevention strategies and the future of healthcare crime.
  • Hooked 2007
    The Good, the bad, and the ugly : a story of two medications -- An Ethical framework -- The Pharmaceutical industry and the free market -- Patents, generic drugs, and academic science -- Research and profits -- Suppression of research data -- The Quality of pharmaceutical research -- The Drug rep: historical background -- The Drug rep today -- The Influence of drug reps: what the data show -- Continuing medical education -- Professional organizations and journal advertising -- The Industry and the consumer -- The FDA: from patent medicines to AIDS drugs -- The FDA and the industry, 1990-2004 -- Solutions: the management and divestment strategies -- Solutions requiring enhanced professionalism in medicine -- Solutions requiring regulatory reform.
  • Human error 2006, CRCnetBASE
  • Human medical research 2012, Springer
    Part 1.Historical and Socio-Cultural Contexts in Medical Research /British Responses to Nazi Medical War Crimes /Fiona McClenaghan --History and its Relevance in the Development and Teaching of Research Ethics /Rael D. Strous --Human Embryo Research and Islamic Bioethics: A View from Iran /Mansooreh Saniei --From Farming to Pharming: Transcending of Bodily Existence as a Question of Medical Ethics in an Intercultural Context /Axel Siegemund --Introduction /Jan Schildmann, Verena Sandow, Oliver Rauprich and Jochen Vollmann --Part 2.Considerations on Ethical and Legal Regulations for Medical Research /Rethinking the Therapeutic Obligation in Clinical Research /Nunziata Comoretto --Biomedical Research in Developing Countries and International Human Rights Law /Ilja R. Pavone --Research Involving Human Subjects and Human Biological Material from a European Patent Law Perspective. Autonomy, Commodification, Patentability /Tomasz Zimny --The Development and Validation of a Guide for Peruvian Research Ethics Committees to Assist in the Review of Ethical-Scientific Aspects of Clinical Trials /Susy Olave Quispe, Duilio Fuentes Delgado, Gabriela Minaya Martínez, Rosa Surco Ibarra and Martín Yagui Moscoso, et al. --Part 3.Conflicts in Medical Research /Conflicts of Interest in Medical Research: What can Ethics Contribute? /Verena Sandow, Jan Schildmann and Jochen Vollmann --Research Ethics in Genomics Research: Feedback of Individual Genetic Data to Research Participants /Annelien L. Bredenoord and Johannes J. M. van Delden --Regulating "Higher Risk, No Direct Benefit" Studies with Children: Challenging the US Federal Regulations /Anna E. Westra, Jan M. Wit, Rám N. Sukhai and Inez D. de Beaufort --Part 4.New Developments in Medical Research and Ethical Implications /A Paradigm Change in Research Ethics /Rieke van der Graaf and Johannes J. M. van Delden --Translation of Cancer Molecular Biomarkers: Ethical and Epistemological Issues /Flavio D'Abramo and Cecilia Guastadisegni --Rethinking the Ethics of Human Biomedical Non-Interventional Research /Kristi L{tilde}ouk.
  • Part I: Contrasts in Global Health Care Resource Allocation -- Australia: Where Have We Been? -- Brazil: Where Have We Been? -- Canada: Where Have We Been? -- Germany: Where Have We Been? -- India: Where Have We Been? -- Israel: Where Have We Been? -- Italy: Where Have We Been? -- The Netherlands: Where Have We Been? -- New Zealand: Where Have We Been? -- South Africa: Where Have We Been? -- United Kingdom: Where Have We Been? -- United States-Private Practice: Where Have We Been? -- United States-Academic Medicine: Where Have We Been? -- Australia: Where Are We Going? -- Brazil: Where Are We Going? -- Canada: Where Are We Going? -- Germany: Where Are We Going? -- India: Where Are We Going? -- Italy: Where Are We Going? -- The Netherlands: Where Are We Going? -- New Zealand: Where Are We Going? -- South Africa: Where Are We Going? -- United Kingdom: Where Are We Going? -- United States-Private Practice: Where Are We Going? -- United States-Academic Medicine: Where Are We Going? -- Re fl ections on the Demand for Critical Care in the Global Medical Village -- First Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Second Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Third Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Fourth Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Part II: The Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- The Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- First Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Fixing the Foundation of Critical Care at the End-Stage of Life: Second Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Third Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Part III: Legal and Nursing Viewpoints -- Medical Judgment Versus Capitulation -- Nursing Aspects of Inappropriate Patient Care -- Part IV: Conclusions -- Where Is "Universal" Health Care Headed in the Global Village? -- The New Shape of Intensive Care In the USA -- Health Care in the Year 2050.
  • Pt. 1. Genetics and the life sciences -- Pt. 2. Genetics and philosophy of science: the reductionism debate and beyond -- Pt. 3. Genetics and the ethical, legal and sociological debate.
  • Islamic bioethics 2007, Springer
  • Broad considerations in the relation of means and ends, treating, and healing -- Cognitive semantic structures in informal means/ends reasoning -- Health and disease: fluid concepts evolved non-literally -- John Dewey's perspectives on means and ends: the setting which makes informal deliberation necessary -- John Dewey's view of situations, problems, means, and ends -- Preference, utility and value in means and ends reasoning -- Full spectrum means and ends reasoning.
  • Medical ethics manual. 2nd ed. 2009, WMA, Scroll to bottom of page for download options.
    1. Principal Features of Medical Ethics -- 2. Physicians and Patients -- 3. Physicians and Society -- 4. Physicians and Colleagues -- 5. Medical Research -- 6. Conclusion.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Defining the rights to physician-assisted suicide -- 3. Glucksburg v. Compassion -- 4. A legal right to physician-assisted suicide -- 5. A moral right to physician assisted suicide -- 6. The concept of fetal rights -- 7. Maternal duties and fetal rights -- 8. The scope of the right to procreational autonomy -- 9. Possessors of the right to procreational autonomy -- 10. Medical futility and moral rights.
  • The metaphor of the monster or predator usually a sexual predator, drug dealer in areas frequented by children, or psychopathic murderer is a powerful framing device in public discourse about how the criminal justice system should respond to serious violent crimes. The cultural history of the monster reveals significant features of the metaphor that raise questions about the extent to which justice can be achieved in both the punishment of what are regarded as ""monstrous crimes"" and the treatment of those who commit such crimes. This book is the first to address the connections between the h
  • Justifying moral claims in a pluralistic society -- Engelhardt and the content-free (?) principle of permission -- Four-principles approach: an appeal to the common morality for resolution and justification -- Casuistry in a pluralistic society -- Moral acquaintanceships as a means of the conflict resolution.
  • Moral brain 2009, Springer
    The immoral brain / Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine -- "Extended attachment" and the human brain : internalized cultural values and evolutionary implications / Jorge Moll and Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza -- Neuro-cognitive systems involved in moral reasoning / James Blair -- Empathy and morality : integrating social and neuroscience approaches / Jean Decety and C. Daniel Batson -- Moral judgment and the brain : a functional approach to the question of emotion and cognition in moral judgment integrating psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology / Kristin Prehn and Hauke R. Heekeren -- Moral dysfunction : theoretical model and potential neurosurgical treatments / Dirk De Ridder ... [et al.] -- Does it pay to be good? Competing evolutionary explanations of pro-social behaviour / Matthijs van Veelen -- How can evolution and neuroscience help us understand moral capacities? / Randolph M. Nesse -- Runaway soical selection for displays of partner value and altruism / Randolph M. Nesse -- The evolved brain : understanding religious ethics and religious violence / John Teehan -- An evolutionary and cognitive neuroscience perspective on moral modularity / Jelle De Schrijver.
  • Morality in context 2005, ScienceDirect
    The meaning of moral ought / Jürgen Habermas -- Between Aristotle and Kant : sketch of a morality of recognition / Axel Honneth -- Contexts of recognition : comments on Axel Honneth's moral perspective beyond Aristotle and Kant / Micha Brumlik -- Emotions and the origins of morality / Martha C. Nussbaum -- What should count as moral behavior? The nature of "early morality" in children's development / Augusto Blasi -- Discourse in context / Vilhjálmur Árnason -- Moral intimacy and moral judgment : tailoring general theories to personal contexts / Bill Puka -- Moral resilience : the unhappy moralist / Fritz K. Oser and Roland Reichenbach -- Do concepts matter? The impact of a justice framing on responses to a moral dilemma : a research note / Rainer Döbert and Natalie Juranek -- The discontents and contents in cultural practices : it depends on where you sit / Elliot Turiel -- Changes in moral understanding : an intergenerational comparison / Gertrud Nunner-Winkler -- Is community compatible with autonomy? Cultural ideals versus empirical realities / Joan G. Miller -- Is community compatible with autonomy? Some comments to Joan Miller's research on differing moralities in India and the United States / Lothar Krappmann -- Reasoning about moral obligations and interpersonal responsibilities in different cultural contexts / Monika Keller ... [et al.] -- Partiality and identity : psychological research on preferential behavior toward group members / Mordecai Nisan -- Culture, context, and the psychological sources of human rights concepts / Larry Nucci -- To forgive and forget / Avishai Margalit.
  • Nano meets macro 2010, CRCnetBASE
    "This book explores the enormous diversity in social perspectives on the emergence of nanoscale sciences and technologies. It points to four nodes of interest where nano meets macro: in the making, in the public eye, in the big questions, and in the tough decisions. Each node draws attention to important lines of research and pertinent issues. The book is designed for interdisciplinary teaching, but the richness of issues and perspectives makes it of interest to all researchers, practitioners, and non-academics wanting an introduction to social perspectives on nanoscale sciences and technologies."
  • Nanotechnology & society 2008, Springer
  • Nature of difference 2006, CRCnetBASE
  • This book provides the reader with a theoretical and practical understanding of two health care delivery models: the patient/child centred care and family-centred care. Both are fundamental to caring for children in healthcare organizations. The authors address their application in a variety of paediatric healthcare contexts, as well as the ethical and legal issues they raise. Each model is increasingly pursued as a vehicle for guiding the delivery of health care in the best interests of children. Such models of health care delivery shape health care policies, programs, facility design, resource allocation decisions and day-to-day interactions among patients, families, physicians and other health care professionals. To maximize the health and ethical benefits these models offer, there must be shared understanding of what the models entail, as well as the ethical and legal synergies and tensions they can create. This book is a valuable resource for paediatricians, nurses, trainees, graduate students, practitioners of ethics and health policy.
  • Philosophy of medicine 2011, ScienceDirect
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice. Several chapters examine such general meta-scientific concepts as discovery, reduction, theories and models, causal inference and scientific realism as they apply to medicine or medical science in particular. Some discuss important concepts specific to medicine (diagnosis, health, disease, brain death). A topic such as evidence, for instance, is examined at a variety of levels, from social mechanisms for guiding evidence-based reasoning such as evidence-based medicine, consensus conferences, and clinical trials, to the more abstract analysis of experimentation, inference and uncertainty. Some chapters reflect on particular domains of medicine, including psychiatry, public health, and nursing. The contributions span a broad range of detailed cases from the science and practice of medicine, as well as a broad range of intellectual approaches, from conceptual analysis to detailed examinations of particular scientific papers or historical episodes. Chapters view philosophy of medicine from quite different angles Considers substantive cases from both medical science and practice Chapters from a distinguished array of contributors.
  • Physicians at war 2008, Springer
    Physicians at war: the dual-loyalties challenge /Fritz Allhoff --Dual-loyalty and human rights in health professional practice: proposed guidelines and institutional mechanisms /International Dual-Loyalty Working Group --Guidelines to prevent the malevolent use of physicians in war /Michael E. Frisina --Dual disloyalties: law and medical ethics at Guantanamo Bay /Jonathan H. Marks --Toward a framework for military health ethics /Gervase Pearce, Peter Saul --Physician involvement in hostile interrogations /Fritz Allhoff --Indecent medicine revisited: considering physician involvement in torture /Richard Matthews --Torture and the regulation of the health care professions /John Lunstroth --Is medicine a pacifist vocation or should doctors help build bombs? /Michael L. Gross --Thecase against doctor involvement in weapons design and development /Vivienne Nathanson --Armed conflict and value conflict: case studies in biological weapons /Michael J. Selgelid --Ethics and the dual-use dilemma in the life sciences /Seumas Miller, Michael J. Selgelid --Triage priorities and military physicians /Marcus P. Adams --Medical neutrality and political activism: physicians' roles in conflict situations /Justin M. List.
  • Pluralistic casuistry 2007, Springer
    Moral casuistry, medical research, and innovation, and rabbinical decision-making /Mark J. Cherry and Ana Smith Iltis --SECTION I PLURALISTIC MORAL CASUISTRY --Notes toward a pluralistic professional medical ethics /Laurence B. Mccullough --Ethics and a deep moral ambiguity /Kevin WM. Wildes --Moral judgement and the ideal intuitor : dealing with moral confusion and moral disagreement /Janet Malek --Casuistry naturalized /Maureen Kelley --SECTION II JEWISH MEDICAL ETHICS --Intuitionism, divine commands, and natural law /Andrew Lustig --In case : Contingency and particularity in bioethics : Discursive method and clinical midrash brief notes on a lesson from my teacher Baruch Brody /Laurie Zoloth --The Euthyphyro's dilemma reconsidered : a variation on a theme from Brody on halakhic method /H. Tristram Englehardt, Jr. --SECTION III BIOMEDICAL PUBLIC POLICY --The Good (philosophy), the bad (public policy) and the ugliness of blaming families for ineffectual treatments /Robert M. Arnold --Is withholding artificial nutrition and hydration from PVS Patients active euthanasia? /Loretta M. Kopelman --SECTION IV CRITICAL APPLICATION AND ANALYSIS --The virtue of integrity in Baruch Brody's moral framework /J. CLint Parker --Paradigms, practices and politics : ethics and the language of the human embryo transfer/donation/rescue/adopition /Sarah-Vaughan Brakman -- Brody on Passive and Active Euthanasia /F. M. Kamm --SECTION V RESPONSE TO FRIENDS AND CRITICISMS --Comments on the Essays /Baruch A. Brody.
  • Privacy papers 2002, CRCnetBASE
  • Psychosurgery 2014, Springer
  • Medical healing implies knowledge of the assumptions that underlie our understanding of 'health', and, concomitantly, how we define well being and its opposites, illness and disease. Today, health, health care (business, wellness, recreation), and medicine (especially research-driven scientific medicine) have become separate entities with different institutions, budgets, marketing philosophies and 'corporate cultures'. Furthermore, healing is individual and subjective, yet at the same time also culturally determined. The present volume brings together papers on these topics in an unique interdisciplinary approach. The book provides an ethical framework for healthcare from a political perspective. It discusses definitions of the terminology of healing and health and their ethical and medical implications including their historical contexts. A separate section expands the theme of the cultural constructedness of healing by the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine and homeopathy. Modern medicine has a strong focus on acute care, which urgently needs to place greater emphasis on preventive medicine including the crucial importance of social factors on health and on the emergence of 'public health'. The point of view of Business Concepts, their potential and limitations are by no means neglected and the legal ramifications of genetic research and innovative medical strategies with regard to some of our most foundational notions are discussed.
  • An approach to ethical dilemmas in patient care -- Overview of ethical guidelines -- Informed consent -- Promoting the patient's best interests -- Confidentiality -- Avoiding deception and nondisclosure -- Keeping promises -- An approach to decisions about clinical interventions -- Futile interventions -- Decision-making capacity -- Refusal of treatment by competent, informed patients -- Standards for decisions when patients lack decision-making capacity -- Surrogate decision making -- Persistent disagreements over care -- Confusing ethical distinctions -- Ethics committees and case consultations -- Do not attempt resuscitation orders -- Tube and intravenous feedings -- Physician-assisted suicide and active euthanasia -- The persistent vegetative state -- Determination of death -- Legal rulings on life-sustaining interventions -- Overview of the doctor-patient relationship -- Refusal to care for patients -- Gifts from patients to physicians -- Sexual contact between physicians and patients -- Secret information about patients -- Clinical research -- Overview of conflicts of interest -- Bedside rationing of health care -- Incentives for physicians to increase services -- Incentives for physicians to decrease services -- Gifts from drug companies -- Disclosing errors -- Impaired colleagues -- Ethical dilemmas students and house staff face -- Ethical issues in pediatrics -- Ethical issues in surgery -- Ethical issues in obstetrics and gynecology -- Ethical issues in psychiatry -- Ethical issues in organ transplantation -- Testing for genetic conditions -- Ethical issues in public health emergencies.

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This shortcut (Lane proxy bookmarklet) only works with resources Lane has licensed and configured to work with our proxy server.

If invoked on a resource we do not license and/or have not yet configured, you will see an error message:

The Lane proxy server cannot complete your request because this host has not been configured properly.

We make no attempt to configure our proxy server for every resource, only those we license and for which a Stanford IP address grants access.

Drag this button onto your browser toolbar to install.

  • Right click this button
  • Select "Add to Favorites", click "Continue" if you see a security alert
  • In "Create in" menu, select "Links" (IE7) or "Favorites Bar" (IE8, IE9) to install

Drag this button onto Safari Bookmarks bar to install.

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