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Ethics

  • This book is the first major work that addresses a core question in biomedical research: the question of acceptable risk. The acceptable level of risks is regulated by the requirement of proportionality in biomedical research law, which state that the risk and burden to the participant must be in proportion to potential benefits to the participant, society or science. This investigation addresses research on healthy volunteers, children, vulnerable subjects, and includes placebo controlled clinical trials.
  • What is addiction neuroethics and why does it matter? -- Brain Imaging in Addiction -- Molecular Neuroscience and Genetics -- Treating Opioid Dependence with Opioids: Exploring the Ethics -- Addiction Neuroscience and Tobacco Control -- Emerging Neurobiological Treatments of Addiction: Ethical and Public Policy Considerations -- Technical, Ethical and Social Issues in the Bioprediction of Addiction Liability and Treatment Response -- Autonomy, Responsibility and the Oscillation of Preference -- Consent and Coercion in Addiction Treatment -- Toward a Lay Descriptive Account of Identity in Addiction Neuroethics -- The Impact of Changes in Neuroscience and Research Ethics on the Intellectual History of Addiction Research -- The Diction of Addiction at the Intersection of Law and Neuroscience -- Social Epistemology: Communicating Neuroscience -- Population Approaches to Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs: Effectiveness, Ethics and Interplay with Addiction Neuroscience -- Legal Regulation of Addictive Substances and Addiction -- Investment and Vested Interests in Neuroscience Research of Addiction: Ethical Research Requires More than Informed Consent -- Private and Public Approaches to Addiction Treatment: Evidence and Beliefs.
  • Advance directives 2014
    Springer
    This volume gives an overview on the currently debated ethical issues regarding advance directives from an international perspective. It focuses on a wider understanding of the known and widely accepted concept of patient self-determination for future situations. Although advance directives have been widely discussed since the 1980s, the ethical bases of advance directives still remain a matter of heated debates. The book aims to contribute to these controversial debates by integrating fundamental ethical issues on advance directives with practical matters of their implementation. Cultural, national and professional differences in how advance directives are understood by health care professions and by patients, as well as in laws and regulations, are pinpointed.
  • Faith in science : professional and public discourse on regenerative medicine / Tristan Keys, Nancy M. P. King, and Anthony Atala -- From Arrowsmith to Atwood : how did we come to disrespect science? / Ronald M. Green -- The "warfare" of science and religion and science's ethical profile / Thomas M. Lessl -- Is there a human nature? : an argument against modern excarnation / Jean Bethke Elshtain -- Crossing frontiers of science : trespassing into a godless space, or, Fulfilling our manifest destiny / Leah Ceccarelli -- The angels and devils of representing Prozac / Tod Chambers -- "Leave your medicine outside" : bioethics, spirituality, and the rhetoric of Appalachian serpent handlers / Bill J. Leonard -- Biovaluable stories and a narrative ethics of reconfigurable bodies / Arthur W. Frank -- Blacks and the language of their biotechnological future / Ezra E. H. Griffith -- Bioethics, economism, and the rhetoric of technological innovation / Howard Brody -- Technologies of the self at the end of life : pastoral power and the rhetoric of advance care planning / Lisa Kernen -- Suffering and the rhetoric of care / Judy Segal.
  • Animal welfare v. 1-, 2007-
    Springer
  • Deliberation and Democracy -- Plato Was Not So Far Wrong: Recalling Athenian Democracy -- A Reappraisal of the Medieval Approach Will Lead to Excellent Deliberators -- Beware of Those Who Think They Possess the Truth! -- Let Us Learn How to Deliberate before Deliberating! -- Between Ethics and Biomedicine.
  • Why do unresponsive patients still matter? / Anthony Fisher -- Are we morally obliged to feed pvs patients till natural death? / Michael Degnan -- Caring for persons in the "persistent vegetative state" and Pope John Paul II's March 20 2004 address on "life-sustaining treatments and the vegetative state" / William E. May -- Food and fluids : human law, human rights and human interests / Jacqueline Laing -- Quality of life and assisted nutrition / Alfonso Gómez-Lobo -- Towards ethical guidelines for the use of artificial nutrition and hydration / Joseph Boyle -- Understanding the ethics of artificially providing food and water / J.L.A. Garcia -- The ethics of Pope John Paul II's allocution on care of the PVS patient : a response to J.L.A. Garcia / Peter J. Cataldo -- Reflections on the papal allocution concerning care for PVS patients / Kevin O'Rourke -- The papal allocution concerning care for PVS patients : a reply to Fr. O'Rourke / Patrick Lee -- Response to Patrick Lee / Kevin O'Rourke -- The morality of tube feeding PVS patients : a critique of the view of Kevin O'Rourke, O.P. / Mark S. Latkovic -- Ten errors regarding end of life issues, and especially artificial nutrition and hydration / Christopher Tollefsen.
  • The book provides an in-depth discussion on the human nature concept from different perspectives and from different disciplines, analyzing its use in the doping debate and researching its normative overtones. The relation between natural talent and enhanced abilities is scrutinized within a proper conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be seen as a factor of the athlete's dehumanization or is it a tool to fulfill his/her aspirations to go faster, higher and stronger? Which characteristics make sports such a peculiar subject of ethical discussion and what are the, both intrinsic and extrinsic, moral dangers and opportunities involved in athletic enhancement? This volume combines fundamental philosophical anthropological reflection with applied ethics and socio-cultural and empirical approaches. Furthermore it presents guidelines to decision- and policy-makers on local, national and international levels.
  • Evolving bioethics and international human rights / David C. Thomasma -- Dignity, rights, health care, and human flourishing / David P. Sulmasy -- Human rights : the ethics of globalization / Guillermo Díaz Pintos -- Human rights and the right to health care / Amnon Goldworth -- Religion, international human rights and women's health : synthesizing principles and politics / David E. Guinn -- The limitations and accomplishments of autonomy as a basic principle in bioethics and biolaw / Jacob D. Rendtorff -- Person and human being in bioethics and biolaw / Laura Palazzani -- Welfare rights and health care / Juan Ramón de Páramo Argüelles -- Autonomy and the rights of minors / Wayne Vaught -- Domestic violence / George P. Palermo -- Balancing autonomy and traditional values in treating terminally ill patients : towards locating the right questions for Japan / David N. Weisstub -- Culture, community or rights / Terry Carney -- Bioethics between nature and culture / Ana marta González -- Medical practice as the primary context for medical ethics / Henk Jochemsen -- Euthanasia and multiculturalism / Andrés Ollero -- International law and genetic counseling / Carlos M. Romeo-Casabona -- International perspective on organ donation / Elisa J. Gordon -- Justice in the distribution of transplant organs / Rosamond Rhodes -- Human cloning and human dignity / Ángela Aparisi Miralles and José López Guzmán -- Accessing health care resources : economic, medical, ethical and socio-legal challenges / George P. Smith, II -- Mental health rights : the relation between constitution and bioethics / Julio Arboleda-Flórez and David N. Weisstub -- The "vulnerability" quagmire in international research / Judith Kissell -- Human rights, health care and biomedical innovation : confronting the research imperative / George F. Tomossy -- The rights to die and the duty to save : a reflection on ethical presuppositions in suicide research / Brian Mishara and David N. Weisstub / The right to bodily security vis-á-vis the needs of others / Austen Garwood-Gowers.
  • Print Material
  • Before Bioethics narrates the history of American medical ethics from its colonial origins to current bioethical controversies over abortion, AIDS, animal rights, and physician-assisted suicide. This comprehensive history tracks the evolution of American medical ethics over four centuries, from colonial midwives and physicians' oaths to medical society codes, through the bioethics revolution. Applying the concept of "morally disruptive technologies," it analyzes the impact of the stethoscope on conceptions of fetal life and the criminalization of abortion, and the impact of the ventilator on our conception of death and the treatment of the dying. The narrative offers tales of those whose lives were affected by the medical ethics of their era: unwed mothers executed by puritans because midwives found them with stillborn babies; the unlikely trio-an Irishman, a Sephardic Jew and in-the-closet gay public health reformer-who drafted the American Medical Association's code of ethics but received no credit for their achievement, and the founder of American gynecology celebrated during his own era but condemned today because he perfected his surgical procedures on un-anesthetized African American slave women. The book concludes by exploring the reasons underlying American society's empowerment of a hodgepodge of ex-theologians, humanist clinicians and researchers, lawyers and philosophers-the bioethicists-as authorities able to address research ethics scandals and the ethical problems generated by morally disruptive technologies.
  • Pt. I. Biobanks, tissue research and the public. Public trust and public bodies : the regulation of the use of human tissue for research in the United Kingdom / Julie Kent, Ruud ter Meulen -- Biobanks and research : scientific potential and regulatory challenge / Bernice S. Elger, Nikola Biller-Andorno -- A sense of entitlement : individual vs. public interest in human tissue / Nils Hoppe -- Social aspects of biobanking : beyond the public/private distinction and inside the relationship between the body and identity / Federico Neresini -- Pt. II. The rights of donors and patients. One sample, one share! A proposal to redress an inequity with equity / Jasper Adriaan Bovenberg -- Research on human biological materials : what consent is needed, and when / Eugenijus Gefenas, Vilius Dranseika, Asta Cekanauskaite, Jurate Serepkaite -- Reconsidering consent and biobanking / Emma Bullock, Heather Widdows -- What's wrong with forensic uses of biobanks? / Claudio Tamburrini -- Pt. III. Regulation of tissue research. A unified European approach on tissue research and biobanking? A comparison / Katharina Beier, Christian Lenk -- Ireland and the United Kingdom's approaches to regulation of research involving human tissue / Elizabeth Yuko, Adam McAuley, Bert Gordijn -- Legal and ethical aspects of biobanks for research in the European-Mediterranean area / Renzo Pegoraro, Allesandra Bernardi, Fabrizio Turoldo -- The circulation of human body parts and products : when exclusive property rights mask the issue of access / Florence Bellivier, Christine Noiville -- Anonymity and privacy in biobanking / Judit Sándor, Petra Bárd.
  • Introduction to ethics and bioethics / Michael J. Reiss -- The public evaluation of science and technology / Barry Barnes -- Introduction to environmental ethics / Christopher Southgate -- The use of the rainforest as a test case in environmental ethics / Christopher Southgate -- Environmental ethics : further case-studies / Christopher Southgate and Alex Aylward -- Human use of non-human animals : a biologist's view / David de Pomerai -- Human use of non-human animals : a philosopher's perspective / R.G. Frey -- GM crops and food : a scientific perspective / Steve Hughes and John Bryant -- Questioning GM foods / Sue Mayer -- The patenting of genes for agricultural biotechnology / Steve Hughes -- Crop biotechnology and developing countries / Geeta Bharathan ... [et al.] -- Starting human life : the new reproductive technologies / Linda Baggott la Velle -- Genetic information : use and abuse / Bartha Maria Knoppers -- Human genetics and genetic enhancement / Peter Turnpenny and John Bryant -- Patenting human genes : ethical and policy issues / Audrey R. Chapman -- Cloning of animals and humans / Harry Griffin -- Dealing with death : euthanasia and related issues / John Searle -- Animal experimentation in biomedical research / Linda Baggott la Velle.
  • Bioethics in law 2007
    Springer
    How does bioethics help judicial reasoning? -- Health care ethics committee determinations -- Institutional review board determinations -- Bioethics commission reports -- Bioethics scholarship -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : general acceptance -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : peer review and publication -- Reliability of bioethics testimony : experience.
  • Bioindustry ethics 2005
    ScienceDirect
    Introduction -- Merck: Staying the course -- Genzyme: Putting patients first -- Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Creating and sustaining corporate values -- Maxim Pharmaceuticals (A): Internal and external dialogues -- Diversa Inc.: Ethical issues in bioprospecting partnerships -- Pipeline Biotech A/S: Competing regulatory regimes for laboratory animal experiments -- TGN Biotech: A start-up with ethical roots -- Interleukin Genetics and Alticor: An unlikely partnership -- Sciona Ltd.: A pioneer in nutrigenomics: The path to consumer acceptance -- Affymetrix, Inc.: Using corporate ethics advice -- PharmaSNPs Inc.: Creating an ethics advisory board -- Monsanto Company: Bio-agriculture pioneer -- Novo Nordisk: The triple bottom line -- Conclusion: Lessons for companies and future issues.
  • This volume summarizes the ethical, social and cultural contexts of interfacing brains and computers. It is intended for the interdisciplinary community of BCI stakeholders. Insofar, engineers, neuroscientists, psychologists, physicians, care-givers and also users and their relatives are concerned. For about the last twenty years brain-computer-interfaces (BCIs) have been investigated with increasing intensity and have in principle shown their potential to be useful tools in diagnostics, rehabilitation and assistive technology. The central promise of BCI technology is enabling severely impaired people in mobility, grasping, communication, and entertainment. Successful applications are for instance communication devices enabling locked-in patients in staying in contact with their environment, or prostheses enabling paralysed people in reaching and grasping. In addition to this, it serves as an introduction to the whole field of BCI for any interested reader. -- Provided by publisher.
  • A guide to the rapidly progressing Age of Biotechnology, Brutes or Angels provides basic information on a wide array of new technologies in the life sciences, along with the ethical issues raised by each. With stem cell research, Dolly the cloned sheep, in vitro fertilization, age retardation, and pharmaceutical mind enhancement, humankind is now faced with decisions that it has never before had to consider. The thoughtfulness, or lack of it, that we bring to those decisions will largely determine the future character of the living world.
  • pt. I. An introduction to the history of medical ethics -- 1. What is the history of medical ethics? / Robert B. Baker and Laurence B. McCullough -- 2. Bioethics and history / Martin S. Pernick -- pt. II. A chronology of medical ethics / Robert B. Baker and Laurence B. McCullough -- pt. III. Discourses of medical ethics through the life cycle -- 3. Medical ethics through the life cycle in Hindu India / Katherine K. Young -- 4. Medical ethics through the life cycle in Buddhist India / Katherine K. Young -- 5. Medical ethics through the life cycle in China / Jing-Bao Nie -- 6. Medical ethics through the life cycle in Japan / Rihito Kimura and Shizu Sakai -- 7. Medical ethics through the life cycle in Europe and the Americas / Robert B. Baker and Laurence B. McCullough -- 8. Medical ethics through the life cycle in the Islamic Middle East / Ilhan Ilkilic -- pt. IV. Discourses of religion on medical ethics -- 9. The discourses of Hindu medical ethics / Katherine K. Young -- 10. The discourses of Buddhist medical ethics / Katherine K. Young -- 11. The discourses of Confucian medical ethics / Ruiping Fan -- 12. The discourses of early Christian medical ethics / Darrel W. Amundsen -- 13. The discourses of Orthodox Christian medical ethics / H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. -- 14. The discourses of Roman Catholic medical ethics / Darrel W. Amundsen -- 15. The discourses of Protestant medical ethics / Gary B. Ferngren -- 16. The discourses of Jewish medical ethics / Noam J. Zohar -- 17. The discourses of Islamic medical ethics / Ilhan Ilkilic -- pt. V. The discourses of philosophy on medical ethics -- 18. The discourses of philosophical medical ethics / Robert B. Baker and Laurence B. McCullough -- pt. VI. The discourses of practitioners on medical ethics -- 19. The discourses of practitioners in Africa / Angela Amondi Wasunna -- 20. The discourses of practitioners in India / Katherine K. Young -- 21. The discourses of practitioners in China / Jing-Bao Nie -- 22. The discourses of practitioners in Japan / Rihito Kimura and Shizu Sakai -- 23. The discourses of practitioners in ancient Europe / Heinrich von Staden -- 24. The discourses of European practitioners in the tradition of the Hippocratic texts / Vivian Nutton -- 25. The discourses of practitioners in ninth- to fourteenth-century Middle East / Ursula Weisser -- 26. The discourses of practitioners in medieval and renaissance Europe / Klaus Bergdolt -- 27. The discourses of practitioners in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe / Andrew Wear -- 28. The discourses of practitioners in eighteenth-century France and Germany / Mary Lindemann -- 29. The discourses of practitioners in eighteenth-century Spain / Diego Gracia -- 30. The discourses of practitioners in eighteenth-century Britain / Laurence B. McCullough -- 31. The discourses of practitioners in eighteenth-century North America / Chester R. Burns -- 32. The discourses of practitioners in nineteenth- and twentieth-century France / Robert A. Nye -- 33. The discourses of practitioners in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Spain / Diego Garcia -- 34. The discourses of practitioners in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Germany / Andreas-Holger Maehle and Ulrich Tröhler -- 35. The discourses of practitioners in eighteenth- to twentieth-century Russia and Soviet Union / Boleslav L. Lichterman and Mikhail Yarovinsky -- 36. The discourses of practitioners in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain and the United States / Robert B. Baker -- 37. The discourses of practitioners in the modern and contemporary Islamic Middle East / Vardit Rispler-Chaim -- pt. VII. The discourses of bioethics -- 38. The discourses of bioethics in the United States / Albert R. Jonsen -- 39. The discourses of bioethics in United Kingdom / Kenneth Body -- 40. The discourses of bioethics in Western Europe -- 41. The discourses of bioethics in post-communist Eastern Europe / Eugenijus Gefenas -- 42. The discourses of bioethics in Latin America / José Alberto Mainetti -- 43. The discourses of bioethics in East Asia / Ruiping Fan and Jiro Nudeshima -- 44. The discourses of bioethics in South Asia / Katherine K. Young -- 45. The discourses of bioethics in sub-Saharan Africa / Angela Amondi Wasunna -- pt. VIII. Discourses on medical ethics and society -- A. Ethical and legal regulation of medical practice and research -- 46. The medical market place, the patient, and the absence of medical ethics in early modern Europe and North America / Mary E. Fissell -- 47. The legal and quasilegal regulation of practitioners and practice in the United States / Stephen R. Latham and James C. Mohr -- 48. The ethics of experimenting on animal subjects / Andreas-Holger Maehle -- 49. The ethics of experimenting on human subjects / Susan E. Lederer -- 50. The historical development of the international codes of ethics for human subjects research / Ulrich Tröhler -- 51. International ethics of human subjects research in the late twentieth century / Baruch A. Brody -- B. Medical ethics, imperialism, and the nation-state -- 52. Colonialism, imperialism, and the history of Latin American medical ethics / Juan Carlos Tealdi -- 53. Japanese doctors' experimentation, 1932-1945, and medical ethics / Jing-Bao Nie, Takashi Tsuchiya, and Lun Li -- 54. Medical ethics and Nazism / Ulf Schmidt -- 55. Medical ethics and communism in the Soviet Union / Boleslav L. Lichterman -- 56. Medical ethics and communism in Eastern Europe / Bela Blasszauer -- 57. The ethics of military medical research in the United States during the Cold War / Jonathan D. Moreno -- 58. Medical ethics and the military in South Africa during apartheid : judging history / Wendy Orr -- C. Medical ethics and health policy -- 59. Making distinctions "natural" : the science of social categorization in the United States in the twentieth century / Dorothy Nelkin and David Rosner -- 60. History of public health ethics in the United States / Barron H. Lerner and Ronald Bayer -- 61. Ethics and health policy in the United Kingdom and the United States : legislation and regulation / Daniel M. Fox and Rudolf Klein -- 62. Ethical issues in organ transplantation in the United States / Judith P. Swazey and Renée C. Fox -- 63. Defining and redefining life and death / Robert M. Veatch -- Appendix. Biographies : who was who in the history of medical ethics.
  • This casebook has been developed as a teaching tool for instructors and workshop leaders rather than as a textbook for students or workshop participants. There is no need for participants to have copies of the casebook: facilitators can provide participants with individual case studies and chapter introductions relevant to the research ethics topic being addressed. Individual case studies and chapter introductions relevant to the research ethics topic being addressed can be photocopied from the print version or downloaded from the WHO web site without additional permission from WHO, unless the planned use is in conjunction with commercial purposes.
  • Bioethics of trust / Julia Tao -- Chinese health care policy / H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. and Aaron E. Hinkley -- Towards a Confucian approach to health care allocation in China / Yongfu Cao ... Trust is the core of the doctor-patient relationship / Benfu Li and Linying Hu -- Medical resources, the market, and the develpment of private-run hospitals China / Xiaoyang Chen ... [et al.] -- China beware / H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr -- Confucian trust, market and health care reform / Julia Tao -- Pursuit of an efficient, sustainable health care system in China / Ana Iltas -- Reconstructionist Confucian approach to Chinese health care / Ruiping Fan -- Health care services, markets, and the Confucian moral tradition / Zhizheng Du -- Markets trust, and the nurturing of a culture of responsibility / Frederic H. Fransen -- Fostering professional virtue in the market / Jeremy Garrett -- On the reform of health care reform / Ren-Zong Qiu -- Is Singapore's healthcare system morally problematic? / Justin Ho.
  • Part 1. Clinical Bioethics: Comparing Theoretical Models -- Clinical Bioethics in a Post Modern Age / David Thomasma, p. 3-20 -- The "Telos" of Medicine and the Good of the Patient / Edmund Pellegrino, p. 21-32 -- The Foundation of Medical Ethics in the Democratic Evolution of Modern Society / Diego Gracia, p. 33-40 -- A Communitarian Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Henk Have, p. 41-51 -- A Hermeneutical Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Bruno Cadoré, p. 53-59 -- A Deliberative Approach to Clinical Bioethics / Michael Parker, p. 61-71 -- Part 2. Toward Clinical Bioethics Integrating "Internalmorality" and "External Morality" -- "A Helping and Caring Profession": Medicine as a Normative Practice / Henk Ten Have, p. 75-97 -- Part 2.1. The Goals of Medicine in Relation to the Subjectivisation of Health and Rationalisation of Health Care Institutions -- Medicine as a Practice and the Ethics of Illness / Roberto Mordacci, p. 101-113 -- The Right to Choose One's Health / Paolo Zatti, p. 115-129 -- The Tension Between Ethics and Evidence-Based Medicine / Paolo Vineis, p. 131-137 -- Maintaining Integrity in Times of Scarse Resources / H. Jochemsen, J. Hoogland and J. Polder, p. 139-152 -- Part 2.2. Bioethical Judgment: Epistemological Statute and Institutional Context -- Interpreting Clinical Judgment: Epistemological Notes on the Praxis of Medicine / Roberto Dell'oro, p. 155-167 -- For an Ethical Function in Hospitals / Pierre Boitte, p. 169-180 -- The Ethical Function in the Health Care Institutions: Clinical Ethics Committees / Corrado Viafora, p. 181-192.
  • Print Material
    Indicated and nonindicated interventions -- Orders not to resuscitate (DNR) -- Legal implications of forgoing treatment -- Determination of death -- Informed consent -- Decisional capacity -- Beliefs due to religious and cultural diversity -- Truthful communication -- Competent refusal of treatment -- Advance planning -- Decision making for the mentally incapacitated patient -- The limits of patient preferences -- Failure to cooperate with medical recommendations -- Alternative medicine -- Enhancing quality of life -- Compromised quality of life and life-sustaining interventions -- Euthanasia and assisted suicide -- Care of the dying patient -- Suicide -- Role of interested parties -- Confidentiality of medical information -- The economics of clinical care -- Allocation of scarce health resources -- Influence of religion on clinical decisions -- The role of the law in clinical decisions -- Clinical research -- Clinical teaching -- Occupational medicine -- Public health -- Ethics committees -- Ethics consultation.
  • Medical Indications -- Patient Preferences -- Quality of Life -- Contextual Features.
  • Clinical practice guidelines were initially developed within the context of evidence-based medicine with the goal of putting medical research findings into practice. However, physicians do not always follow them, even when they seem to apply to the particular patient they have to treat. This phenomenon, known as clinical inertia, represents a significant obstacle to the efficiency of care and a major public health problem, the extent of which is demonstrated in this book. An analysis of its causes shows that it stems from a discrepancy between the objective, essentially statistical nature of evidence-based medicine on the one hand and the physicianℓ́ℓs own complex, subjective view (referred to here as ℓ́ℓmedical reasonℓ́ℓ) on the other. This book proposes a critique of medical reason that may help to reconcile the principles of evidence-based medicine and individual practice. The author is a diabetologist and Professor of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolic Diseases at Paris 13 University. He has authored several books, including one to be published by Springer (Philosophy and Medicine series) under the title: The Mental Mechanisms of Patient Adherence to Long Term Therapies, Mind and Care.
  • Medical and Psychosocial Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement -- Pharmacological Neuroenhancement: Substances and Epidemiology / Andreas G. Franke, Klaus Lieb -- Psychopharmacological Neuroenhancement: Evidence on Safety and Efficacy / Dimitris Repantis -- A Bubble of Enthusiasm: How Prevalent Is the Use of Prescription Stimulants for Cognitive Enhancement? / Bradley Partridge -- Modeling the Effects of Modafinil on Selective Attention Electroencephalographic Neural Correlates / Carlos Trenado -- Behavioral Neuroenhancement / Martin Dresler -- The Influence of Sports on Cognitive Task Performance - A Critical Overview / Pavel Dietz -- The Human Experiment: How We Won't Win the Rat Race. What Can We Learn from Brain Stimulation in Humans and Rats About Enhancing the Functional Neurobiology of Higher Cognitive Functions? / Colleen A. Dockery -- Philosophical and Ethical Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement -- Better Brains or Bitter Brains? The Ethics of Neuroenhancement / Kirsten Brukamp -- Cognitive Enhancement - To What End? / Michael Hauskeller -- Nano-bionic Devices for the Purpose of Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Preliminary Ethical Framework / Frédéric Gilbert -- Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs, Behavioral Training and the Mechanism of Cognitive Enhancement / Emma Peng Chien -- What Is Cognitive Enhancement and Is It Justified to Point Out This Kind of Enhancement Within the Ethical Discussion? / Roland Kipke -- No Pain, No Gain? Objections to the Use of Cognitive Enhancement on the Basis of Its Potential Effects on the Value of Achievement / Lisa Forsberg -- Does the Cognitive Enhancement Debate Call for a Renewal of the Deliberative Role of Bioethics? / Cynthia Forlini, Eric Racine -- Sociological, Political and Legal Aspects of Cognitive Enhancement -- The Biopolitics of Cognitive Enhancement / Peter B. Reiner -- Are We Heading Towards an 'Enhancement Society'? / Armin Grunwald -- Leveling the Playing Field: Fairness in the Cognitive Enhancement Debate / Greta Wagner -- My Mind Is Mine!? Cognitive Liberty as a Legal Concept / Jan-Christoph Bublitz -- Cognitive Enhancement and Criminal Behavior / Elizabeth Shaw -- Enhanced Control and Criminal Responsibility / John Danaher.
  • "Continuous sedation until death (sometimes referred to as terminal sedation or palliative sedation) is an increasingly common practice in end-of-life care. However, it raises numerous medical, ethical, emotional and legal concerns, such as the reducing or removing of consciousness (and thus potentially causing 'subjective death'), the withholding of artificial nutrition and hydration, the proportionality of the sedation to the symptoms, its adequacy in actually relieving symptoms rather than simply giving onlookers the impression that the patient is undergoing a painless 'natural' death, and the perception that it may be functionally equivalent to euthanasia. This book brings together contributions from clinicians, ethicists, lawyers and social scientists, and discusses guidelines as well as clinical, emotional and legal aspects of the practice. The chapters shine a critical spotlight on areas of concern and on the validity of the justifications given for the practice, including in particular the doctrine of double effect"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Miller and Truog challenge fundamental doctrines of established medical ethics. They argue systematically that physicians legitimately cause the death of patients in the routine practices of withdrawing life support and vital organ donation.
  • Part I. Dermatologist as Clinician -- 1. "Excuse Me...": Unsolicited Dermatologic Opinions: Ethical, Moral, and Legal Issues / Lionel Bercovitch -- 2. "Give Me Enbrel(TM) or Give Me Death": Confronting the Limits of Autonomy / Lionel Bercovitch -- 3. Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Medications: Misguided "Autonomy" in the Information Age / Lisa Pappas-Taffer and Alexander Miller -- 4. Autonomy, Isotretinoin and iPLEDGE: The Ethics of Burdensome Regulation and Use of Teratogenic Medication / Kenneth E. Bloom and Lionel Bercovitch -- 5. "Who Speaks for the Child?" Consent, Assent, and Confidentiality in Pediatric Dermatology / Kenneth E. Bloom and Lionel Bercovitch -- 6. Therapeutic Privilege: If, When, and How to Lie to Patients / Richard G. Fried and Clifford Perlis -- 7. Communicating with Patients About Adverse Medical Events: If, When, and How to Say "I'm Sorry" / Steven Shama, Lyn Duncan, and Lionel Bercovitch -- 8. The Computer Will See You Now: Ethics of Teledermatology / Jennifer L. Weinberg, Rachel H. Gormley, and Carrie L. Kovarik -- 9. Hospital Consultations: Embracing Professionalism Even When It Hurts / Lauren E. Krug and Stephen E. Helms -- 10. The Extender Is In: Delegating Ethically, Ethical and Professional Issues Relating to Physician Extenders in Dermatology / Steven Rosenberg and Clifford Perlis -- Part II. Dermatologist as Professional -- 11. Professional Boundaries: Safeguarding the Physician-Patient Relationship / Brandon H. Krupp -- 12. Taking Care of Uncle Bob's Rash: Should One Treat Family Members? / Sandra Osswald -- 13. Peering into the Gift Horse: Is It Ethical to Accept Gifts from Patients? / Lionel Bercovitch -- 14. The Dermatologist and Social Media: The Challenges of Friending and Tweeting / Jennifer A. Sbicca and Stanton K. Wesson -- 15. Respecting Differences: Dermatology in a Diverse Society / Vimal Prajapati and Benjamin Barankin -- 16. Dermatologists Within, Beyond and Struggling with Borders: The Global Dermatologist / Jennifer L. Weinberg -- 17. Feet of Clay: The Impaired Dermatologist / Brandon H. Krupp -- Part III. Dermatologist as Teacher and Trainee -- 18. The Mentor-Mentee Relationship: The Devil Is in the Details / Kimberly L. Merkel, John A. Cole, and Stanton K. Wesson -- 19. Tales from the Residency Interview Trail / Jennifer A. Sbicca and Alfred T. Lane -- 20. Ethics Education for Residents: Growing Pains and Learning Crises / Irèn Kossintseva and Benjamin Barankin -- 21. Teaching Ethics in Clinic: Keeping You Smart and Honest / Nely Z. Aldrich and Eliot N. Mostow -- Part IV. Dermatologist as Businessperson -- 22. Boutiques, Botox®, and Basal Cells: Can Dermatology Set Its Priorities? / Jeffrey J. Meffert and Maria Villegas -- 23. The Price Is Right: Office Dispensing and Product Pricing / Tivon Sidorsky -- 24. My Elixir, MD: Morphing a Medical Degree into a Skincare Brand / Julie Cantor -- 25. Marketing the Physician: From Antitrust to Distrust / Catherine L. Kowalewski and Jeffrey J. Meffert -- 26. What the Market Will Bear? Ethical and Professional Issues in Medical Fees / Carl Johnson and Lionel Bercovitch -- 27. Spa, MD: When Dermatology Meets Aromatherapy / Tivon Sidorsky and Lionel Bercovitch -- 28. Gatekeepers, Dermatologists, and Their Patients: Mixed Messages in Managed Care / Lindsey A. Brodell, Robert T. Brodell, and Brendan Minogue -- 29. Ethical Adventures in 21st Century Dermatopathology / Homer O. Wiland IV, Barry D. Kels, and Jane Grant-Kels -- 30. Defining the Gray Zone: Client Billing and Contractual Joint Ventures / Homer O. Wiland IV, Barry D. Kels, and Jane Grant-Kels -- 31. No Strings Attached? Managing Conflicts of Interest in Medicine / Noah D. Shannon and Clifford Perlis -- Part V Dermatologist as Scholar -- 32. Respecting Human Subjects: Responsibilities of the Clinical Investigator / Kenneth Katz and Samual Garner -- 33. Hope, Hype, and Genotype: Genetic Testing in Dermatological Diseases / Natasha Shur -- 34. Desperate Measures for Desperate Patients: Translational Research in Epidermolysis Bullosa / Alfred T. Lane -- 35. Reading Between the Lines: Can Peer Reviewers Be Expected to Detect Fraud? / Jason D. Gillum, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 36. Hiding Behind the Curtain: Anonomyous Versus Open Peer Review / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 37. Ghost Busting in Dermatology Publications: Providing Byline Integrity / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 38. Telling the Same Tale Twice: Déjà vu and the Shades of Grey in Self-Plagiarism / Andrea L. Suárez, Jeffrey D. Bernhard, and Robert P. Dellavalle -- 39. Cutting Edge or Cutting Corners? Innovative Care / Jolion McGreevy and Clifford Perlis.
  • Analyzes attitudes to people with various disabilities based on Muslim jurists' works (fiqh) in the Middle Ages and the modern era. This book focuses on people with disabilities and depicts the place and status that Islamic law has assigned to them, as well as how the law envisions their participation in religious, social, and communal life.
  • Print Material
    "The Divine Art of Dying" explores the unique moment when seriously ill people choose to turn toward death. Combining personal stories with solid research on palliative and hospice care, it provides a well-integrated look at the spiritual dimensions of living fully when death is near. Filled with insights from the world's great wisdom traditions along with references from literature, movies, and current culture, it helps identify the life decisions the dying one and his or her loved ones must make, and what their caregivers can expect.
  • Print Material
    "When physicians complete their training, they are given a title of "attending" and given full authority to care for patients. Many researchers assume their training process is complete. However, through a sociological ethnographic study of first-year attending at a prestigious pediatric hospital, many unresolved issues emerge: developing a style of doctoring, acquiring an authoritative role, dealing with professional uncertainty, malpractice, balancing work and family life. Understanding the first-year attending's socialization process can help medical educators expand their body of knowledge and improve patient care."
  • Introduction -- When does a human being become a person? -- All human beings are persons -- How is the dignity of the person as agent recognized? Distinguishing intention from foresight -- An ethical assessment of Bush's guidelines for stem cell research -- Moral absolutism and ectopic pregnancy -- Could artificial wombs end the abortion debate? -- Solomon's dilemma: should conjointed twins Jodie and Mary have been separated? -- Capital punishment and the Catholic tradition: contradiction, circumstantial application, or development of doctrine?
  • Moral heuristics and risk / Cass R. Sunstein -- Here's how I feel : don't trust your feelings! / Ronald de Sousa -- If I look at the mass I will never act : psychic numbing and genocide / Paul Slovic -- Marketing risk : emotional appeals can promote the mindless acceptance of risk / Ross Buck and Whitney A. Davis -- Emotions as aids and obstacles in thinking about risky technologies / Dylan Evans -- Risk assessment as virtue / Sabine Döring and Fritz Feger -- Emotions and judgments about risk / Robert C. Roberts -- The moral risks of risky technologies / Peter Goldie -- Ethical imagination : broadening laboratory deliberations / Simone van der Burg -- Emotion in risk regulation : competing theories / Dan M. Kahan -- Emotions within the bounds of pure reason : emotionality and rationality in the acceptance of technological risks / Dieter Birnbacher -- Emotions involved in risk perception : from sociological and psychogical risk studies towards a neosentimentalist meta-ethics / Felicitas Kraemer -- Risk emotions and risk judgments : passive bodily experience and active moral reasoning in judgmental constellations / Mark Coecklebergh -- Emotional reflection about risks / Sabine Roeser.
  • Normality, disease and enhancement / Theodore M. Benditt -- Holistic theories of health as applicable to non-human living beings / Lennart Nordenfelt -- Disease and the concept of supervenience / Robert D'Amico -- Decision and discovery in defining disease / Peter H. Schwartz -- Race and scientific reduction / Mark Risjord -- Towards an adequate account of genetic disease / Kelly C. Smith -- Why disease persists / Robert L. Perlman -- Creating mental illness in non-disordered community populations / Allan V. Horwitz -- Gender identity disorder / Jennifer McKitrick -- Clinical trials as nomological machines / Robyn Bluhm -- The social epistemology of NIH consensus conferences / Miriam Solomon -- Maternal agency and the immunological paradox of pregnancy / Moira Howes -- Violence and public health / Jonathan Kaplan -- Taking equipoise seriously / Fred Gifford.
  • Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethicsIncludes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders. Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice.
  • The "Ethics Job" -- Why Research Ethics? Why Ethics in Genetics? The Case of Genomics Research -- What Ethics Is, What It Is Not, and How We Are Going to Proceed -- Starting Analysis in Ethics: A Practical Guide -- An Overview of Research Ethics and Challenges from Genomics -- Autonomy and Its Limits: The View from Genomics -- The Social and Institutional Setting of Ethics -- Respect for Persons in Research and in Genetics -- Responsibilities of Researchers in Genetics -- Data Sharing in Genomics.
  • Ethical Dilemmas Due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics: An Interdisciplinary, European Study (EDIG, 2005-2008) / Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber -- Managing Complex Psychoanalytic Research Projects Applying Mapping Techniques - Using the Example of the EDIG Study / Nicole Pfenning-Meerkötter -- Distress and Ethical Dilemmas Due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics - Some Empirical Results / Tamara Fischmann -- Reconstruction of Pregnant Women's Subjective Attitudes Towards Prenatal Diagnostics - A Qualitative Analysis of Open Questions / Katrin Luise Läzer -- Prenatal Testing: Women's Experiences in Case of a Conspicuous Test Result / Elisabeth Hildt -- Caring for Women During Prenatal Diagnosis: Personal Perspectives from the United Kingdom / Helen Statham and Joanie Dimavicius -- Cooperation Is Rewarding If the Boundary Conditions Fit: Interdisciplinary Cooperation in the Context of Prenatal Diagnostics / Astrid Riehl-Emde, Anette Bruder, Claudia Pauli-Magnus, and Vanessa Sieler -- Prenatal Genetic Counselling: Reflections on Drawing Policy Conclusions from Empirical Findings / Anders Nordgren -- Taking Risk in Striving for Certainty. Discrepancies in the Moral Deliberations of Counsellors and Pregnant Women Undergoing PND / László Kovács -- Ethical Thoughts on Counselling and Accompanying Women and Couples Before, During and After Prenatal Diagnosis / Dierk Starnitzke -- Client, Patient, Subject; Whom Should We Treat? On the Significance of the Unconscious in Medical Care and Counselling / Yair Tzivoni -- Decision to Know and Decision to Act / Regina Sommer -- Moral Decision-Making, Narratives and Genetic Diagnostics / Göran Collste -- Prenatal Diagnostics and Ethical Dilemmas in a Mother Having a Child with Down Syndrome / Maria Samakouri, Evgenia Tsatalmpasidou, Konstantia Ladopoulou, Magdalini Katsikidou, Miltos Livaditis, and Nicolas Tzavaras -- Is There One Way of Looking at Ethical Dilemmas in Different Cultures? / Stephan Hau.
  • Behavioral neuroscience encompasses the disciplines of neurobiology and psychology to study mechanisms of behavior. This volume provides a contemporary overview of the current state of how ethics informs behavioral neuroscience research. There is dual emphasis on ethical challenges in experimental animal approaches and in clinical and nonclinical research involving human participants.
  • Recent surveys demonstrate a high and possibly increasing prevalence of mental disorders in prisoners. They have an increased risk of suffering from a mental disorder that transcends countries and diagnoses. Ethical dilemmas in prison psychiatry arise from resource allocation and include issues of patient choice and autonomy in an inherently coercive environment. Ethical conflicts may arise from the dual role of forensic psychiatrists giving raise to tensions between patient care/protection of the public. This book describes models and ethical issues of psychiatric healthcare in prison in several countries. Relevant issues are: the professional medical role of a psychiatrist and/or psychotherapist working in prison, the involvement of psychiatrists in disciplinary or coercive measures; consent to treatment, the use of coercion in forcing a prisoner to undergo treatment, hunger strike, confidentiality. The book ends with consensus guidelines concerning good practice in Prison Psychiatry.
  • Ethics and intersex 2006
    Springer
    "This collection of 21 articles is designed to serve as a state-of-the art reference book for intersexuals, their parents, health care professionals, ethics committee members and anyone interested in problems associated with intersexuality. It fills an important need because of its uniqueness as an interdisciplinary effort, bringing together not just urologists and endocrinologists, but gynecologists, psychiatrists, psychologists lawyers, theologians, gender theorists, medical historians, and philosophers."--Jacket.
  • Introduction: in search of ethics expertise -- Socrates and moral expertise -- Aristotle's moral expert: the phronimos -- Hume on true and false philosophy -- Moral expertise: a millian perspective -- The ineffable and the incalculable: G. E. Moore on ethical expertise -- Expert moral choice in medicine: a study of uncertainty and locality -- Societal consensus and the problem of consent: refocusing the problem of ethics expertise in liberal democracies -- Ethical expertise, maternal thinking, and the work of clinical ethicists -- The roles of scientific and normative expertise in public policy formation: the anthrax vaccine case -- Philosophers return to the agora -- Ethical expertise in the clinical setting -- Bioethical expertise in health care organizations -- The expert ethics witness as teacher.
  • Increasingly, biomedical scientists and engineers are involved in projects, design, or research and development that involve humans or animals. The book presents general concepts on professionalism and the regulation of the profession of engineering, including a discussion on what is ethics and moral conduct, ethical theories and the codes of ethics that are most relevant for engineers. An ethical decision-making process is suggested. Other issues such as conflicts of interest, plagiarism, intellectual property, confidentiality, privacy, fraud, and corruption are presented. General guidelines, the process for obtaining ethics approval from ethics Review Boards,and the importance of obtaining informed consent from volunteers recruited for studies are presented. A discussion on research with animals is included. Ethical dilemmas focus on reproductive technologies, stem cells, cloning, genetic testing, and designer babies. The book includes a discussion on ethics and the technologies of body enhancement and of regeneration. The importance of assessing the impact of technology on people, society, and on our planet is stressed. Particular attention is given to nanotechnologies, the environment, and issues that pertain to developing countries. Ideas on gender, culture, and ethics focus on how research and access to medical services have, at times, been discriminatory towards women. The cultural aspects focus on organ transplantation in Japan, and a case study of an Aboriginal child in Canada; both examples show the impact that culture can have on how care is provided or accepted. The final section of the book discusses data collection and analysis and offers a guideline for honest reporting of results, avoiding fraud, or unethical approaches. The appendix presents a few case studies where fraud and/or unethical research have occurred.
  • Ethics in medicine 2014
    Springer
    Medical ethics and the medical profession are inseparable, yet the formal teaching of medical ethics is a relatively new phenomenon. Furthermore, since the introduction of managed health care, with the physician becoming a 'health provider' and the patient a 'client', the whole concept of medical ethics has undergone a sea change. The contractual relationship between the provider and the client engenders caution and precaution, resulting in defensive medicine. This book both presents a succinct history of medical ethics and discusses a wide range of important ethical dilemmas in the provision of modern health care. A synopsis is provided of ethics through the ages and the role of ethics in the evolution of medicine. Principles and sources of medical ethics, as well as different religious and secular perspectives, are explained. Ethical concerns in relation to a variety of specific issues are then examined. These issues include, for example, human experimentation, stem cell research, assisted reproductive technologies, termination of pregnancy, rationing of health care, euthanasia, and quality of life issues. The author's many years of practicing medicine in different cultures and countries and his passion for religious works, philosophy, literature, poetry, history, and anthropology have informed and enriched the contents of this stimulating book.
  • pt. 1. The context -- pt. 2. Principles of ethics in psychiatry -- pt. 3. The applications of the ethical principles in psychiatric practice and research -- pt. 4. Non-medical uses of psychiatry -- pt. 5. Teaching ethics in psychiatry -- pt. 6. Conclusions and summary.
  • Pt. 1. Research biobanking : the traditional approach -- Consent to biobank research : one size fits all? / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- What no one knows cannot hurt you : the limits of informed consent in the emerging world of biobanking / Arthur L. Caplan -- Users and uses of the biopolitics of consent : a study of DNA banks / Pascal Ducournau and Anne Cambon-Thomsen -- Information rights on the edge of ignorance / Anne Maria Skrikerud -- The dubious uniqueness of genetic information / Anne Maria Skrikerud -- Duties and rights of biobank participants : principled autonomy, consent, voluntariness and privacy / Lars Øystein Ursin -- Biobanking and disclosure of research results : addressing the tension between professional boundaries and moral intuition / Lynn G. Dressler -- Biobanks and our common good / Erik Christensen -- Trust, distrust and co-production : the relationship between research biobanks and donors / Pascal Ducournau and Roger Strand -- Scientific citizenship, benefit, and protection in population-based research / Vilhj́almur Árnason -- Pt. 2. Research Biobanking : towards a new conceptual approach -- Mapping the language of research biobanking : an analogical approach / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- The use of analogical reasoning in umbilical cord blood biobanking / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- The Alexandria plan : creating libraries for human tissue research and therapeutic use / Laurie Zoloth -- The art of biocollections / Anne Hambro Alnæs -- The health dugnard : biobank participation as the solidary pursuit of the common good / Lars Øystein Ursin and Berge Solberg -- Embodied gifting : reflections on the role of information in biobank recruitment / Klaus Hoeyer -- Conscription to biobank research? / Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk, Søren Holm -- Ownership rights in research biobanks : do we need a new king of 'biological property'? / Paula Lobato de Faria -- Legal challenges and strategies in the regulation of research biobanking / Elisabeth Rynning -- Annexation of life : the biopolitics of industrial biology / Jan Reinert Karlsen and Roger Strand -- In the ruins of Babel : should biobank regulations be harmonized / Jan Reinert Karlsen, Jan Helge Solbak, and Roger Strand.
  • "Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs. This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise - both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole? These questions are addressed by applying philosophical methods of conceptual analysis, as well as models and theories from moral and political philosophy, medical ethics, and public health ethics, to a large number of ongoing and proposed screening programs which makes this book the first comprehensive work on the ethics of screening. Analyses and suggestions are made that are of potential interest to health care staff, medical researchers, policy makers and the general public"--Provided by publisher.
  • Biobank research and genomic information are changing the way we look at health and medicine. Genomics challenges our values and has always been controversial and difficult to regulate. In the future lies the promise of tailored medical treatments and pharmacogenomics but the borders between medical research and clinical practice are becoming blurred. We see sequencing platforms for research that can have diagnostic value for patients. Clinical applications and research have been kept separate, but the blurring lines challenges existing regulations and ethical frameworks.Then how do we regulate it? This book contains an overview of the existing regulatory landscape for biobank research in the Western world and some critical chapters to show how regulations and ethical frameworks are developed and work. How should international sharing work? How design an ethical informed consent? An underlying critique: the regulatory systems are becoming increasingly complex and opaque. The international community is building systems that should respond to that. According to the authors in fact, it is time to turn the ship around. Biobank researchers have a moral responsibility to look at and assess their work in relation to the bigger picture: the shared norms and values of current society. Research ethics shouldn?t only be a matter of bioethicists writing guidelines that professionals have to follow. Ethics should be practiced through discourse and regulatory frameworks need to be part of that public discourse. Ethics review should be then not merely application of bureaucracy and a burden for researchers but an arena where researchers discuss their projects, receive advice and practice their ethics skills.
  • Argues that the world must critically assess the potential pitfalls of new technologies in advance. This book addresses methodological issues with regard to the ethical evaluation of new and emerging technology. It focuses on the concept of uncertainty that, unlike the notion of risk, is greatly undervalued in the field of ethics.
  • The ethical debate on evidence-based medicine - introduction to the volume -- Regulating health care. The development of guidelines in medical practice and health policy -- Evidence-based medicine and power shifts in health care systems -- Beyond legitimate science: the case for policy-related science -- Teaching evidence-based medicine -- Evidence-based medicine and clinical guidelines in cardiology. Promoting science, practice, or bureaucracy? -- Are particular patients disadvantaged by EBM? Focus on frail elderly patients -- Evidence-based medicine in mental health: towards better and fairer treatment? -- Current epistemological problems in evidence-based medicine -- Coordinating the norms and values of medical research, medical practice and patient worlds. The ethics of evidence-based medicine in 'boundary fields of medicine' -- Research ethics and evidence-based medicine -- Clinical evaluative research: which patients benefit, how and when? A contribution to a European discussion -- Defining a proper background for discussing evidence-based medicine -- Evidence-based medicine and equity: the exclusion of disadvantaged groups -- The role of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: a normative perspective -- The usefulness of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: looking for the baby in the bathwater -- Evidence-based medicine and managed care -- Recommendations from the Evibase project.
  • The past, present and future of human nature / Samuel Gorovitz -- Unethical contexts for ethical questions / David Ehrenfeld -- Human subject protections: some thoughts on costs and benefits in the humanistic disciplines / C. Kristina Gunsalus -- Secret state experiments and medical ethics / Jonathan Moreno -- Cross-cultural considerations in medical ethics: the case of human subjects research / Marcia Angell -- Reproductive rights and health in the developing world / Ruth Macklin -- Genetic testing of human embryos: ethical challenges and policy choices / Kathy Hudson, Susannah Baruch & Gail Javitt -- Choosing our children: the uneasy alliance of law and ethics in John Robertson's thought / Karen Lebacqz -- The heart disease epidemic that wasn't: lessons learned from death certificate statistics / Harry M. Rosenberg -- Recent history of end-of-life care and implications for the future / James Flory & Ezekiel Emanuel -- The pragmatic power and promise of theoretical environmental ethics: forging a new discourse / J. Baird Callicott -- The expanding circle and moral community - naturally speaking / Chalmers Clark -- Science, conservation and global security / George M. Woodwell -- Energy, technology and climate: running out of gas / David Goodstein.
  • Medicine and the biomedical technologies in the context of Asian perspectives / Shui Chuen Lee and Justin Ho -- Confucian familism and its bioethical implications / Ruiping Fan -- The family in transition and in authority: the impact of biotechnology / H. Tristram Engelhardt -- Family life, bioethics and Confucianism / Stephen A. Erickson -- The moral ground of truth telling guideline development: the choice between autonomy and paternalism / Shuh-Jen Sheu -- Truth telling to the sick and dying in a traditional Chinese culture / Stephen Wear -- On relational autonomy: from feminist critique to Confucian model for clinical practice / Shui Chuen Lee -- Regulating sex selection in a patriarchal society: lessons from Taiwan / Wenmay Rei -- Modern biotechnology and the postmodern family / Leonardo D. De Castro -- The ethics of human embryonic stem cell research and the interests of the family / Ruiping Fan -- A Confucian evaluation of embryonic stem cell research and the moral status of human embryos / Shui Chuen Lee -- Regulations for human embryonic stem cell research in East Asian countries: a Confucian critique / Hon Chung Wong -- Stem cell research: an Islamic perspective / Sahin Aksoy, Abdurrahman Elmali and Anwar Nasim -- Why Western culture, unlike Confucian culture, is so concerned about embryonic stem cell research: the Christian roots of the difference / H. Tristram Engelhardt -- Confucian healthcare system in Singapore: a family-oriented approach to financial sustainability / Kris Su Hui Teo -- Respect for the elderly and family responsibility: Confucian response to the old age allowance policy in Hong Kong / Erika H. Y. Yu -- Is Singapore's health care system congruent with Confucianism? / Justin Ho.
  • Issues in reproductive ethics, such as the capacity of parents to choose children, present challenges to philosophical ideas of freedom, responsibility and harm. This book responds to these challenges by proposing a new framework for thinking about the ethics of reproduction that emphasizes the ways that social norms affect decisions about who is born. The book provides clear and thorough discussions of some of the dominant problems in reproductive ethics - human enhancement and the notion of the normal, reproductive liberty and procreative beneficence, the principle of harm and discrimination against disability - while also proposing new ways of addressing these. The author draws upon the work of Michel Foucault, especially his discussions of biopolitics and norms, and later work on ethics, alongside feminist theorists of embodiment to argue for a new bioethics that is responsive to social norms, human vulnerability and the relational context of freedom and responsibility. This is done through compelling discussions of new technologies and practices, including the debate on liberal eugenics and human enhancement, the deliberate selection of disabilities, PGD and obstetric ultrasound.
  • Introduction : the scope and importance of genetic democracy / Veikko Launis -- The prerequisites for genetic democracy / Helena Siipi -- Ethical expertise in democratic societies / Eerik Lagerspetz -- Towards global bioethics : the UNESCO universal declaration on bioethics and human rights / Henk ten Have -- Autonomy and genetic privacy / Juha Räikkä -- Values, rights and GMO : against radicalism -- The precautionary principle and the risks of modern agri-biotechnology / Marko Ahteensuu -- Population databanks and democracy in light of the Icelandic experience / Vilhjálmur Árnason and Stefán Hjörleifsson -- Equality and community in public deliberation : genetic democracy in Taiwan / Terence Hua Tai and Wen-Tsong Chiou -- Genetic resources, genetic democracy and genetic equity / Keekok Lee -- Moral constraints on permissible genetic design / Thomas Pogge.
  • Tortured Bodies, Tortured Doctrines: Informed Consent as a Legal Fiction Inapplicable to Neonatal Male Circumcision -- Routine Infant Circumcision: Vital Issues that the Circumcision Proponents may be Overlooking -- The Smart Penis -- The Harm of Circumcision -- Evolution of Circumcision Methods: Not "Just a Snip" -- Penile Wounding: Complications of Routine Male Circumcision in a Typical American Family Practice -- Male Circumcision and the Potential for Unexplained Male Adolescent Suicide in Northern Ireland -- Healing the Harms of Circumcision: A Nursing Case Study -- Ten Years of Training: Family Medicine Residents as Conscientious Objectors to Circumcision -- Intersex Surgeries, Circumcision, and the Making of "Normal" -- Intersex Genital Autonomy: A Rights-Based Framework for Medical Intervention with Intersex Infants -- The SAR/ROHAN (The Possession): A Response of Somali Women to Pharaonic Circumcision/Infibulation (PhC) -- Genital Stretching Among the Venda Ethnic Group (South Africa) -- Male Circumcision Among the Venda of Limpopo (South Africa) -- Critique of African RCTs into Male Circumcision and HIV Sexual Transmission -- Randomized Controlled Trials for HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Men in Africa: Untraced Infections, Unasked Questions, and Unreported Data -- Dangerous Myths and Tragic Misconceptions: Fighting HIV and AIDS Cases in Africa with Male Circumcision Strategies -- Defying the Enlightenment: Jewish Ethnicity and Ethnic Circumcision -- Circumcision: Gender and Power -- Reclaiming Circumcision: Armenian Stories -- Self-Made Intactivism in the Middle East -- Genital Autonomy: A New Approach.
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legalized? / Gerald Dworkin -- Slippery slopes and physician-assisted suicide / Neil Levy -- Physician-assisted suicide and the medical associations / Dieter Birnbacher -- Safe, legal, rare? Physician-assisted suicide and cultural change in the future / Margaret Pabst Battin -- Palliative options of last resort: a comparison of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, terminal sedation, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary active euthanasia / Timothy E. Quill, Bernard Lo, Dan W. Brock -- Physician-assisted suicide in Oregon / Linda Ganzini, Edgar Dahl -- Physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands and Belgium / John Griffiths -- Physician-assisted suicide and the German criminal law / Gabriele Wolfslast -- Physician-assisted death: an Australian perspective / Alan Rothschild -- Assisted dying: the view from the United Kingdom / Sheila A. M. McLean -- Physician-assisted suicide: a doctor's perspective / Pieter Admiraal -- Physician-assisted suicide in Switzerland: a personal report / Elke M. Baezner-Sailer -- The European convention on human rights protects the right of suicide / Ludwig A. Minelli.
  • At the same time that the pace of science and technology has greatly accelerated in recent decades, our legal and ethical oversight mechanisms have become bogged down and slower. This book addresses the growing gap between the pace of science and technology and the lagging responsiveness of legal and ethical oversight society relies on to govern emerging technologies. Whether it be biotechnology, genetic testing, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, computer privacy, autonomous robotics, or any of the other many emerging technologies, new approaches are needed to ensure appropriate and timely regulatory responses. This book documents the problem and offers a toolbox of potential regulatory and governance approaches that might be used to ensure more responsive oversight.
  • ch. 1. Introduction -- ch. 2. Genetically modified foods -- ch. 3. DNA data banking -- ch. 4. Personalized medicine -- ch. 5. Stem Cells -- ch. 6. Conclusion.
  • A collection of essays that investigates the obligations we have in respect of future persons, from our own future offspring to distant future generations. It offers different understandings of the nonidentity problem and evaluates an array of proposed solutions to it. It is suitable for philosophers, legal scholars, bioethicists and students.
  • This new work updates and significantly expands The Hastings Center's 1987 Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care of the Dying. Like its predecessor, this second edition will shape the ethical and legal framework for decision-making on treatment and end-of-life care in the United States. This groundbreaking work incorporates 25 years of research and innovation in clinical care, law, and policy. It is written for physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals and is structured for easy reference in difficult clinical situations. It supports the work of clinical ethicists, ethics committee members, health lawyers, clinical educators, scholars, and policymakers. It includes extensive practical recommendations. Health care reform places a new set of challenges on decision-making and care near the end of life.
  • Healthcare trends, stressors, and workplace violence -- Patient privacy and exploitation -- Abuse and assault -- Fraud and theft -- Suspicious death and homicide -- Investigations, sanctions, and discipline -- Prevention strategies and the future of healthcare crime.
  • The Good, the bad, and the ugly : a story of two medications -- An Ethical framework -- The Pharmaceutical industry and the free market -- Patents, generic drugs, and academic science -- Research and profits -- Suppression of research data -- The Quality of pharmaceutical research -- The Drug rep: historical background -- The Drug rep today -- The Influence of drug reps: what the data show -- Continuing medical education -- Professional organizations and journal advertising -- The Industry and the consumer -- The FDA: from patent medicines to AIDS drugs -- The FDA and the industry, 1990-2004 -- Solutions: the management and divestment strategies -- Solutions requiring enhanced professionalism in medicine -- Solutions requiring regulatory reform.
  • Part 1. Historical and Socio-Cultural Contexts in Medical Research / British Responses to Nazi Medical War Crimes / Fiona McClenaghan -- History and its Relevance in the Development and Teaching of Research Ethics / Rael D. Strous -- Human Embryo Research and Islamic Bioethics: A View from Iran / Mansooreh Saniei -- From Farming to Pharming: Transcending of Bodily Existence as a Question of Medical Ethics in an Intercultural Context / Axel Siegemund -- Introduction / Jan Schildmann, Verena Sandow, Oliver Rauprich and Jochen Vollmann -- Part 2. Considerations on Ethical and Legal Regulations for Medical Research / Rethinking the Therapeutic Obligation in Clinical Research / Nunziata Comoretto -- Biomedical Research in Developing Countries and International Human Rights Law / Ilja R. Pavone -- Research Involving Human Subjects and Human Biological Material from a European Patent Law Perspective. Autonomy, Commodification, Patentability / Tomasz Zimny -- The Development and Validation of a Guide for Peruvian Research Ethics Committees to Assist in the Review of Ethical-Scientific Aspects of Clinical Trials / Susy Olave Quispe, Duilio Fuentes Delgado, Gabriela Minaya Martínez, Rosa Surco Ibarra and Martín Yagui Moscoso, et al. -- Part 3. Conflicts in Medical Research / Conflicts of Interest in Medical Research: What can Ethics Contribute? / Verena Sandow, Jan Schildmann and Jochen Vollmann -- Research Ethics in Genomics Research: Feedback of Individual Genetic Data to Research Participants / Annelien L. Bredenoord and Johannes J. M. van Delden -- Regulating "Higher Risk, No Direct Benefit" Studies with Children: Challenging the US Federal Regulations / Anna E. Westra, Jan M. Wit, Rám N. Sukhai and Inez D. de Beaufort -- Part 4. New Developments in Medical Research and Ethical Implications / A Paradigm Change in Research Ethics / Rieke van der Graaf and Johannes J. M. van Delden -- Translation of Cancer Molecular Biomarkers: Ethical and Epistemological Issues / Flavio D'Abramo and Cecilia Guastadisegni -- Rethinking the Ethics of Human Biomedical Non-Interventional Research / Kristi L{tilde}ouk.
  • 'An engaging, compelling and disturbing confrontation with evil...abook that will be transformative in its call for individual and collective moral responsibility." - Michael A. Grodin, M.D., Professor and Director, Project on Medicine andtheHolocaust, Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies, Boston University Human Subjects Research after the Holocaust challenges you to confront the misguided medical ethics of the Third Reich personally, and to apply the lessons learned to contemporary human subjects research. While it is comforting to believe that Nazi physicians, nurses, and bioscientists were either incompetent, mad, or few in number, they were, in fact, the best in the world at the time, and the vast majority participated in the government program of 'applied biology.' They were not coerced to behave as they did-they enthusiastically exploited widely accepted eugenic theories to design horrendous medical experiments, gas chambers and euthanasia programs, which ultimately led to mass murder in the concentration camps. Americans provided financial support for their research, modeled their medical education and research after the Germans, and continued to perform unethical human subjects research even after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial. The German Medical Association apologized in 2012 for the behavior of its physicians during the Third Reich. By examining the medical crimes of human subjects researchers during the Third Reich, you will naturally examine your own behavior and that of your colleagues, and perhaps ask yourself "If the best physicians and bioscientists of the early 20th century could do evil while believing they were doing good, can I be certain that I will never do the same?" · Presents relatively unknown aspects of human subjects research during the Third Reich · Reveals surprising relationships between German and American human subjects research · Dispels myths about Nazi human subjects research · Compels introspection and self-examination by today's medical and research practitioners · Addresses contemporary bioethical issues affecting vulnerable populations · Brings together experts in the history of medicine during the Third Reich and thoughtful new voices
  • Part I: Contrasts in Global Health Care Resource Allocation -- Australia: Where Have We Been? -- Brazil: Where Have We Been? -- Canada: Where Have We Been? -- Germany: Where Have We Been? -- India: Where Have We Been? -- Israel: Where Have We Been? -- Italy: Where Have We Been? -- The Netherlands: Where Have We Been? -- New Zealand: Where Have We Been? -- South Africa: Where Have We Been? -- United Kingdom: Where Have We Been? -- United States-Private Practice: Where Have We Been? -- United States-Academic Medicine: Where Have We Been? -- Australia: Where Are We Going? -- Brazil: Where Are We Going? -- Canada: Where Are We Going? -- Germany: Where Are We Going? -- India: Where Are We Going? -- Italy: Where Are We Going? -- The Netherlands: Where Are We Going? -- New Zealand: Where Are We Going? -- South Africa: Where Are We Going? -- United Kingdom: Where Are We Going? -- United States-Private Practice: Where Are We Going? -- United States-Academic Medicine: Where Are We Going? -- Re fl ections on the Demand for Critical Care in the Global Medical Village -- First Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Second Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Third Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Fourth Critique of Buchman and Chalfin's Analysis -- Part II: The Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- The Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- First Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Fixing the Foundation of Critical Care at the End-Stage of Life: Second Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Third Critique of the Fair and Equitable Health Care Act -- Part III: Legal and Nursing Viewpoints -- Medical Judgment Versus Capitulation -- Nursing Aspects of Inappropriate Patient Care -- Part IV: Conclusions -- Where Is "Universal" Health Care Headed in the Global Village? -- The New Shape of Intensive Care In the USA -- Health Care in the Year 2050.
  • This volume assembles an interdisciplinary team of leading academics, industry figures, policymakers and NGOs to consider the legal, ethical and social issues that are raised by innovations in nanoscience and nanotechnology. By bringing together international experts from a diverse range of fields this volume addresses the implications and impact that nanotechnology has on society. Through the exploration of six key themes the contributors analyse both the impact of nanotechnology and the emergence of the concept of nanoethics. Each section includes authors from both sides of the political and scientific divide incorporating both positive and negative perspectives on nanotechnology, as well as including discussions of associated concepts such as converging technologies. The result provides for the widest and most balanced discussion of these issues to date.
  • In 2009 the University Medicine Greifswald launched the "Greifswald Approach to Individualized Medicine" (GANI_MED) to implement biomarker-based individualized diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in clinical settings. Individualized Medicine (IM) has led not only to controversies about its potentials, but also about its societal, ethical and health economic implications. This anthology focusses on these areas and includes ? next to clinical examples illustrating how the integrated analysis of biomarkers leads to significant improvement of therapeutic outcomes for a subgroup of patients ? chapters about the definition, history and epistemology of IM. Additionally there is a focus on conceptual philosophical questions as well as challenges for applied research ethics (informed consent process, the IT-based consent management and the handling of incidental findings). Finally it pays attention to health economic aspects. The possibilities of IM to initiate a paradigm shift in the German health care provision are investigated. Furthermore, it is asked whether the G-DRG system is ready for the implementation of such approaches into clinical routine.
  • Pt. 1. Genetics and the life sciences -- Pt. 2. Genetics and philosophy of science: the reductionism debate and beyond -- Pt. 3. Genetics and the ethical, legal and sociological debate.
  • Technologies are developing faster and their impact is bigger than ever before. Synergies emerge between formerly independent technologies that trigger accelerated and unpredicted effects. Alongside these technological advances new ethical ideas and powerful moral ideologies have appeared which force us to consider the application of these emerging technologies. In attempting to navigate utopian and dystopian visions of the future, it becomes clear that technological progress and its moral quandaries call for new policies and legislative responses. Against this backdrop this new book series from Springer provides a forum for interdisciplinary discussion and normative analysis of emerging technologies that are likely to have a significant impact on the environment, society and/or humanity. These will include, but be no means limited to nanotechnology, neurotechnology, information technology, biotechnology, weapons and security technology, energy technology, and space-based technologies.
  • Breakthrough in stem cell research? : the reprogramming of somatic cells to pluripotent stem cells / Boris Greber, Hans Schöler -- Preimplantation stages of human development : the biological and moral status of early embryos / Maureen L. Condic -- Complete moles and parthenotes are not organisms / Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco -- Embryos grown in culture deserve the same moral status as embryos after implantation / Joachim Huarte, Antoine Suarez -- Distinguishing embryos from non-embryos / Patrick Lee -- On the status of human embryos and cellular entities produced through ANT : are they persons? / Pablo Requena Meana -- Does a human being have a right to life? : the debate on embryo research in Germany as a case study / Manfred Spieker -- Interspecies mixtures and the status of humanity / Neville Cobbe -- The boundaries of humanity : the ethics of human-animal chimeras in cloning and stem cell research / William B. Hurlbut -- Is this cell entity a human being? : neural activity, spiritual soul, and the status of the inner cell mass and pluripotent stem cells / Antoine Suarez.
  • The inadequate supply of organs in the United States and other countries continues to drive the reliance on living donor transplantation. Representatives of the transplant community convened for a meeting on living donation in an effort to provide guidelines to promote the welfare of living donors. The consensus statement that resulted from this meeting recommended that transplant centers retain an Independent Living Donor Advocate (ILDA) to focus on the best interest of the donor. Over a decade later, nearly every transplant center in the United States, performing living donor surgeries, has incorporated an ILDA into their living donor screening and/or evaluation process, however there are no guidelines with regard to the ILDA's qualifications, clinical practice, or how address ethical challenges.
  • Broad considerations in the relation of means and ends, treating, and healing -- Cognitive semantic structures in informal means/ends reasoning -- Health and disease: fluid concepts evolved non-literally -- John Dewey's perspectives on means and ends: the setting which makes informal deliberation necessary -- John Dewey's view of situations, problems, means, and ends -- Preference, utility and value in means and ends reasoning -- Full spectrum means and ends reasoning.
  • Medical ethics manual. 2nd ed. 2009
    WMA, Scroll to bottom of page for download options.
    1. Principal Features of Medical Ethics -- 2. Physicians and Patients -- 3. Physicians and Society -- 4. Physicians and Colleagues -- 5. Medical Research -- 6. Conclusion.
  • 1. Introduction -- 2. Defining the rights to physician-assisted suicide -- 3. Glucksburg v. Compassion -- 4. A legal right to physician-assisted suicide -- 5. A moral right to physician assisted suicide -- 6. The concept of fetal rights -- 7. Maternal duties and fetal rights -- 8. The scope of the right to procreational autonomy -- 9. Possessors of the right to procreational autonomy -- 10. Medical futility and moral rights.
  • This book tackles the issue of mental health legislation in South Asia. The first of its kind, it addresses an issue that is necessary for protecting the rights of people with mental disorders and serves as an essential text for reinforcing mental health policy in South Asia. it is a timely addition to our global understanding of mental health and how different regions address it.Asia is by far the largest continent in the world in terms of area with population exceeding 3.5 billion and has dozens of cultures, religions, languages and ethnic groups. As a result of its highly varied political systems, Asia also spawns a wide variety of health care systems including mental health care systems, often based on historical roots and at times colonial heritages. The people who suffer from mental or neurological disorders in the continent form a vulnerable section of society and often face stigma, discrimination and marginalization in all societies, and this increases the likelihood that their human rights will be violated
  • The metaphor of the monster or predator usually a sexual predator, drug dealer in areas frequented by children, or psychopathic murderer is a powerful framing device in public discourse about how the criminal justice system should respond to serious violent crimes. The cultural history of the monster reveals significant features of the metaphor that raise questions about the extent to which justice can be achieved in both the punishment of what are regarded as ""monstrous crimes"" and the treatment of those who commit such crimes. This book is the first to address the connections between the ...
  • Justifying moral claims in a pluralistic society -- Engelhardt and the content-free (?) principle of permission -- Four-principles approach: an appeal to the common morality for resolution and justification -- Casuistry in a pluralistic society -- Moral acquaintanceships as a means of the conflict resolution.
  • The immoral brain / Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine -- "Extended attachment" and the human brain : internalized cultural values and evolutionary implications / Jorge Moll and Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza -- Neuro-cognitive systems involved in moral reasoning / James Blair -- Empathy and morality : integrating social and neuroscience approaches / Jean Decety and C. Daniel Batson -- Moral judgment and the brain : a functional approach to the question of emotion and cognition in moral judgment integrating psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology / Kristin Prehn and Hauke R. Heekeren -- Moral dysfunction : theoretical model and potential neurosurgical treatments / Dirk De Ridder ... [et al.] -- Does it pay to be good? Competing evolutionary explanations of pro-social behaviour / Matthijs van Veelen -- How can evolution and neuroscience help us understand moral capacities? / Randolph M. Nesse -- Runaway soical selection for displays of partner value and altruism / Randolph M. Nesse -- The evolved brain : understanding religious ethics and religious violence / John Teehan -- An evolutionary and cognitive neuroscience perspective on moral modularity / Jelle De Schrijver.
  • Morality in context 2005
    ScienceDirect
    The meaning of moral ought / Jürgen Habermas -- Between Aristotle and Kant : sketch of a morality of recognition / Axel Honneth -- Contexts of recognition : comments on Axel Honneth's moral perspective beyond Aristotle and Kant / Micha Brumlik -- Emotions and the origins of morality / Martha C. Nussbaum -- What should count as moral behavior? The nature of "early morality" in children's development / Augusto Blasi -- Discourse in context / Vilhjálmur Árnason -- Moral intimacy and moral judgment : tailoring general theories to personal contexts / Bill Puka -- Moral resilience : the unhappy moralist / Fritz K. Oser and Roland Reichenbach -- Do concepts matter? The impact of a justice framing on responses to a moral dilemma : a research note / Rainer Döbert and Natalie Juranek -- The discontents and contents in cultural practices : it depends on where you sit / Elliot Turiel -- Changes in moral understanding : an intergenerational comparison / Gertrud Nunner-Winkler -- Is community compatible with autonomy? Cultural ideals versus empirical realities / Joan G. Miller -- Is community compatible with autonomy? Some comments to Joan Miller's research on differing moralities in India and the United States / Lothar Krappmann -- Reasoning about moral obligations and interpersonal responsibilities in different cultural contexts / Monika Keller ... [et al.] -- Partiality and identity : psychological research on preferential behavior toward group members / Mordecai Nisan -- Culture, context, and the psychological sources of human rights concepts / Larry Nucci -- To forgive and forget / Avishai Margalit.
  • "This book explores the enormous diversity in social perspectives on the emergence of nanoscale sciences and technologies. It points to four nodes of interest where nano meets macro: in the making, in the public eye, in the big questions, and in the tough decisions. Each node draws attention to important lines of research and pertinent issues. The book is designed for interdisciplinary teaching, but the richness of issues and perspectives makes it of interest to all researchers, practitioners, and non-academics wanting an introduction to social perspectives on nanoscale sciences and technologies."

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