Books by Subject
- 2013 SpringerM. Alma Rodriguez, Ronald S. Walters, and Thomas W. Burke, editors.Introduction / M. Alma Rodriguez -- History of MD Anderson's tumor registry / Sarah H. Taylor -- Statistical methods / Geoffrey G. Giacco, Sarah H. Taylor and Kenneth R. Hess -- Breast cancer / Aman U. Buzdar ... [et al.] -- Prostate cancer / Deborah A. Kuban ... [et al.] -- Non-small cell lung cancer / Ritsuko Komaki, Anne S. Tsao, and Reza J. Mehran -- Small cell lung cancer / Frank V. Fossella -- Colon cancer / Cathy Eng, Patrick Lynch, and John Skibber -- Ovarian cancer / Robert L. Coleman and David M. Gershenson -- Cervical cancer / Patricia J. Eifel and Charles Levenback -- Endometrial cancer / Thomas Burke ... [et al.] -- Pancreatic cancer (exocrine) / Jason Fleming ... [et al.] -- Kidney cancer / Scott E. Delacroix Jr. ... [et al.] -- Bladder cancer / Robert S. Svatek ... [et al.] -- Cutaneous melanoma / Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Geoffrey G. Giacco, and Jeffrey E. Lee -- Liver cancer / Evan S. Glazer and Steven A. Curley -- Esophageal cancer / Linus Ho ... [et al.] -- Gastric cancer / Alexandria T. Phan and Paul F. Mansfield -- Acute myeloid leukemia / Emil J. Freireich -- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma / Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou and Michael J. Keating -- Hodgkin lymphoma / Michelle Fanale ... [et al.] -- Non-hodgkin indolent B-cell lymphoma / Sattva S. Neelapu -- Non-hodgkin aggressive B-cell lymphoma / M. Alma Rodriguez -- Multiple myeloma / Donna Weber and Raymond Alexanian -- Head and neck cancer / Ehab Hanna ... [et al.] -- Thyroid cancer / Steven I. Sherman, Nancy Perrier, and Gary L. Clayman -- Soft tissue sarcomas / Vinod Ravi, Raphael Pollock, and Shreyaskumar R. Patel -- Sarcomas of bone / Valerae Lewis.
- 2009 Am Chem SocJ. Marshall Clark, editor ; Jeffrey R. Bloomquist, editor ; Hitoshi Kawsada, editor ; sponsored by the ACS AGRO Division, Pesticide Science Society of Japan.Vector biology diagnostics and public health pesticides development through the product development partnership route / Janet Hemingway -- Pyrethroid resistance in the African malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae, and potential of alternative insecticides for indoor residual spraying and use on mosquito nets / Mark Rowland and Raphael N'Guessan -- Insecticide resistance in the mosquito Culex pipiens complex : concerns about development of pyrethroid resistance / Osamu Komagata, Shinji Kasai, and Takashi Tomita -- Vector control for prevention of dengue : current status and future strategies / Tessa B. Knox and Thomas W. Scott -- Current status and challenges of Chagas disease control initiatives in the Americas / Jun Nakagawa -- Human head lice : status, control, and resistance / J. Marshall Clark ... et al. -- ABC's of indoor health : allergens, baits, and cockroach mitigation strategies / Coby Schal -- Current status of house dust mites in Japan and prospects for control agents / Tomoyuki Hashimoto -- Controlling dengue virus transmission in the field with genetically modified mosquitoes / Ken E. Olson and Alexander W.E. Franz -- Pharmacological mapping of the acetylcholinesterase catalytic gorge in mosquitoes with bis(n)-tacrines / Troy D. Anderson ... et al. -- Olyset net : a long lasting insecticidal net for vector control / Takaaki Itoh ... [et al.] -- Biological efficacy of metofluthrin, a new pyrethroid insecticide, highly effective against mosquitoes / Takao Ishiwatari ... et al. -- An inconvenient truth of pyrethroids-do they have a promising future? / Hitoshi Kawada -- The body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus (Phthiraptera : Pediculidae), genome project : past, present, and opportunities for the futures / Barry R. Pittendrigh ... et al. -- Resistance management of the human head louse using molecular tools / Si Hyeock Lee ... et al. -- Monitoring of kdr-mediated pyrethroid resistance in head louse colonies in Japan / Shinji Kasai ... et al.
- 2007Mohamed M. Shoukri , Mohammad A. Chaudhary.
- 2013 CambridgeJos W.R. Twisk, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical Center and the Department of Health Sciences of the Vrije Universteit, Amsterdam.1. Introduction -- 2. Study design -- 3. Continuous outcome variables -- 4. Continuous outcome variables, relationships with other variables -- 5. The modelling of time -- 6. Other possibilities for modelling longitudinal data --7. Dichotomous outcome variables -- 8. Categorical and 'count' outcome variables -- 9. Analysis data from experimental studies -- 10. Missing data in longitudinal studies -- 11. Sample size calculations -- 12. Software for longitudinal data analysis -- 13. One step further.
- Linda Williams Pickle, Michael Mungiole, Gretchen K. Jones, Andrew A. White.Also available: Print – 1996
- 2008 Kargervolume editors, H.-D. Klenk, M.N. Matrosovich, J. Stech.Epidemiology of avian influenza / Osterhaus, A.D.M.E., Munster, V.J., Fouchier, R.A.M. -- H5N1 in Asia / Yen, H.-L. ... [et al.] -- Epidemiology and control of H5N1 avian influenza in China / Chen, H., Bu, Z., Wang, J. -- Avian influenza in Northern Eurasia / Lvov, D.K., Kaverin, N.V. -- Avian influenza in Italy, 1997-2006 / Capua, I. ... [et al.] -- Avian influenza outbreaks in Germany : development of new avian vaccines / Werner, O. ... [et al.] -- The role of pigs in interspecies transmission / Brown, I.H. -- History of research on avian influenza / Scholtissek, C. -- Reverse genetics of influenza viruses : applications in research and vaccine design / Neumann, G., Horimoto, T., Kawaoka, Y. -- Receptor specificity of influenza viruses and its alteration during interspecies transmission / Matrosovich, M.N., Gambaryan, A.S., Klenk, H.-K. -- Cleavage activation of the influenza virus hemagglutinin and its role in pathogenesis / Garten, W., Klenk, H.-D. -- Structure and function of the influenza A virus ribonucleoprotein : transcription and replication / Ortín, J. -- Influenza A virus polymerase : a determinant of host range and pathogenicity / Stech, J. -- Influenza A virus virulence and innate immunity : recent insights from new mouse models / Haller, O., Kochs, G., Staeheli, P. -- Signaling to life and death : influenza viruses and intracellular signal transduction cascades / Ludwig, S. ... [et al.] -- Cytokines in the pathogenesis of highly virulent influenza viruses in humans / Van Reeth, K. -- Antivirals and resistance / Hay, A.J., Collins, P.J., Russell, R.J. -- The 1918 influenza pandemic : lessons from the past raise questions for the future / Steel, J., Palese, P.
- 2014 CRCnetBASELyle D. Broemeling, Broemeling and Associates, Medical Lake, Washington, USA.Written by a biostatistics expert with over 20 years of experience in the field, Bayesian Methods in Epidemiology presents statistical methods used in epidemiology from a Bayesian viewpoint. It employs the software package WinBUGS to carry out the analyses and offers the code in the text and for download online. The book examines study designs that investigate the association between exposure to risk factors and the occurrence of disease. It covers introductory adjustment techniques to compare mortality between states and regression methods to study the association between various risk factors.
- 2011This book captures the lessons learned from a variety of sectors: multi-sector planning, civil-military coordination, global health, communications, community, animal health, logistics, private sector, and travel and tourist--synthesizing key themes and lessons learned. Based on literature reviews conducted by technical specialists, each chapter identifies the most salient characteristics and lessons learned. Not surprisingly, many cross-cutting themes and lessons learned related to pandemic preparedness emerged.
- v. 1-2, 2009 Springer Protocolsv. 2, 2009 Springer Protocolsedited by Mukesh Verma.v. 1. Host susceptibility factors -- v. 2. Modifiable factors.
- 2015 Springer Protocolsedited by Patrick S. Parfrey, Brendan J. Barrett.On framing the research question and choosing the appropriate research design / Patrick S. Parfrey and Pietro Ravani -- Research ethics for clinical researchers / John D. Harnett and Richard Neuman -- Definitions of bias in clinical research / Geoffrey Warden -- Longitudinal studies 1 : determination of risk / Sean W. Murphy -- Longitudinal studies 2 : modeling data using multivariate analysis / Pietro Ravani, Brendan J. Barrett, and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Longitudinal studies 3 : data modeling using standard regression models and extensions / Pietro Ravani, Brendan J. Barrett, and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Longitudinal studies 4 : matching strategies to evaluate risk / Matthew T. James -- Longitudinal studies 5 : development of risk prediction models for patients with chronic disease / Navdeep Tangri and Claudio Rigatto -- Randomized controlled trials 1 : design / Bryan M. Curtis, Brendan J. Barrett, and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Randomized controlled trials 2 : analysis / Robert N. Foley -- Randomized controlled trials 3 : measurement and analysis of patient-reported outcomes / Michelle M. Richardson, Megan E. Grobert, and Klemens B. Meyer -- Randomized controlled trials 4 : biomarkers and surrogate outcomes / Claudio Rigatto and Brendan J. Barrett -- Randomized controlled trials 5 : determining the sample size and power for clinical trials and cohort studies / Tom Greene -- Randomized controlled trials 6 : on contamination and estimating the actual treatment effect / Patrick S. Parfrey -- Randomized controlled trials 7 : analysis and interpretation of quality-of-life scores / Robert N. Foley and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Randomized controlled trials : planning, monitoring, and execution / Elizabeth Hatfield, Elizabeth Dicks, and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Evaluation of diagnostic tests / John M. Fardy and Brendan J. Barrett -- Qualitative research in clinical epidemiology / Deborah M. Gregory and Christine Y. Way -- Health economics in clinical research / Braden J. Manns -- Clinical genetic research 1 : bias / Susan Stuckless and Patrick S. Parfrey -- Clinical genetic research 2 : genetic epidemiology of complex phenotypes / Darren D. O'Rielly and Proton Rahman -- Clinical genetic research 3 : genetics ELSI (ethical, legal, and social issues) research / Daryl Pullman and Holly Etchegary -- Evidence-based decision-making 1 : critical appraisal / Laurie K. Twells -- Evidence-based decision-making 2: systematic reviews and meta-analysis / Aminu Bello, Natasha Wiebe, Amit Garg, and Marcello Tonelli -- Evidence-based decision-making 3 : health technology assessment / Daria O'Reilly [and 6 others] -- Evidence-based decision-making 4: development and limitations of clinical practice guidelines / Bruce Culleton -- Evidence-based decision-making 5 : translational research / Deborah M. Gregory and Laurie K. Twells -- Evidence-based decision-making 6 : utilization of administrative databases for health services research / Tanvir Turin Chowdhury and Brenda Hemmelgarn -- Evidence-based decision-making 7: knowledge translation / Braden J. Manns -- Evidence-based decision-making 8 : health policy, a primer for researchers / Victor Maddalena.
- 2009 Springer Protocolsedited by Patrick Parfrey and Brendan Barrett.On framing the research question and choosing the appropriate research design / Patrick Parfrey and Pietro Ravani -- Longitudinal studies and determination of risk / Sean W. Murphy -- Modeling longitudinal data, I : principles of multivariate analysis / Pietro Ravani, Brendan Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- Modeling longitudinal data, II : standard regression models and extensions / Pietro Ravani, Brendan Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- The design of randomized controlled trials / Bryan M. Curtis, Brendan J. Barrett, and Patrick Parfrey -- Analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials / Robert N. Foley -- Evaluation of diagnostic tests / John M. Fardy -- Biomarkers and surrogates in clinical studies / Claudio Rigatto and Brendan J. Barrett -- Measurement and analysis of patient-reported outcomes / Klemens B. Meyer and Kimberly A. Clayton -- Bias in clinical studies of genetic diseases / Susan Stuckless and Patrick Parfrey -- Genetic epidemiology of complex phenotypes / Lynette Peddle and Proton Rahman. Qualitative research in clinical epidemiology / Deborah M. Gregory and Christine Y. Way -- Primer on systematic review and meta-analysis / Marcello Tonelli, Dan Hackman, and Amit X. Garg -- The role of health economics within clinical research / Braden J. Manns -- Development and limitations of clinical practice guidelines / Bruce Culleton -- Basics of health technology assessment / Daria O'Reilly, Kaitryn Campbell, and Ron Goeree -- Research ethics for clinical researchers / John D. Harnett and Richard Neumann -- Budgeting, funding, and managing clinical research projects / Elizabeth Hatfield, Elizabeth Dicks, and Patrick Parfrey.
- 2014 OvidRobert H. Fletcher, Suzanne W. Fletcher, Grant S. Fletcher.Now in its Fifth Edition, a comprehensive, concise, and clinically oriented introduction to the subject of epidemiology. Written by expert educators, this text introduces students to the principles of evidence-based medicine that will help them develop and apply methods of clinical observation in order to form accurate conclusions. The Fifth Edition includes more complete coverage of systematic reviews and knowledge management, as well as other key topics such as abnormality, diagnosis, frequency and risk, prognosis, treatment, prevention, chance, studying cases and cause.
- 2006 OvidR. Brian Haynes, David L. Sackett, Gordon H. Guyatt, Peter Tugwell.Forming research questions -- Conducting systematic reviews -- Finding information about the burden of disease -- An introduction to performing therapeutic trials -- The tactics of performing therapeutic trials -- The principles behind the tactics of performing therapeutic trials -- Testing quality improvement interventions -- Evaluating diagnostic tests -- Determining prognosis and creating clinical decision rules -- Assessing claims of causation -- Generating outcome measurements, especially for quality of life -- Becoming a successful clinician-investigator -- Preparing a research protocol to improve its chances for success -- Online data collection -- Analyzing data -- Preparing reports for publication and responding to reviewers' comments -- Dealing with the media.Also available: Print – 2006
- 2011 SpringerGabriele Halwachs-Baumann, editor.Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine transmitted viral infection, with a tremendous impact on fetuses and newborns. In this book the history of this disease, its pathophysiological background, epidemiology and symptoms, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, will be discussed. Since economic aspects are gaining more and more importance in health politics, one chapter is dedicated to this issue in the context of congenital CMV infection. The content is based on the latest scientific findings and written in an understandable manner, allowing persons not working in the field of congenital CMV to also profit from it. Thus, this book is of interest for medical doctors, nurses, midwives, economists, but also for men and women who want to inform themselves about this topic.
- 2012 SpringerRudolf Toman ... [et al.], editors.History and Prospects of Coxiella burnetii Research / Karim E. Hechemy -- Phylogenetic Diversity, Virulence and Comparative Genomics / Erin J. van Schaik and James E. Samuel -- Defense Mechanisms Against Oxidative Stress in Coxiella burnetii: Adaptation to a Unique Intracellular Niche / Katja Mertens and James E. Samuel -- Lipopolysaccharide of Coxiella burnetii / Craig T. Narasaki and Rudolf Toman -- Components of Protective Immunity / Guoquan Zhang, Yan Zhang and James E. Samuel -- Proteome of Coxiella burnetii / Robert Ihnatko, Edward Shaw and Rudolf Toman -- Coxiella Subversion of Intracellular Host Signaling / S. Kauser Hussain and Daniel E. Voth -- The Coxiella burnetii Parasitophorous Vacuole / Eric Ghigo, María I. Colombo and Robert A. Heinzen -- Coxiella burnetii Secretion Systems / Justin A. McDonough, Hayley J. Newton and Craig R. Roy -- Role of Lipids in Coxiella burnetii Infection / Stacey D. Gilk -- Axenic Growth of Coxiella burnetii / Anders Omsland -- Developmental Biology of Coxiella burnetii / Michael F. Minnick and Rahul Raghavan -- Genetic Manipulation of Coxiella burnetii / Paul A. Beare -- Role of Innate and Adaptive Immunity in the Control of Q Fever / Christian Capo and Jean-Louis Mege -- Immune Response and Coxiella burnetii Invasion / Amira Ben Amara, Yassina Bechah and Jean-Louis Mege -- Antigenic Analysis for Vaccines and Diagnostics / Laura R. Hendrix and Chen Chen -- Epidemic Q Fever in Humans in the Netherlands / Wim van der Hoek, Gabriëlla Morroy, Nicole H. M. Renders, Peter C. Wever and Mirjam H. A. Hermans, et al. -- Coxiella-like Endosymbionts / Jianmin Zhong -- Molecular Typing of Coxiella burnetii (Q Fever) / Robert F. Massung, Sally J. Cutler and Dimitrios Frangoulidis.
- 2007Robin Cook.Angela Dawson, M.D., appears to have it all: at the age of thirty-seven, she owns a fabulous New York City apartment, a stunning seaside house on Nantucket, and enjoys the perks of her prosperous lifestyle. But her climb to the top was rough, marked by a troubled childhood, a failed marriage, and the devastating blow of bankruptcy as a primary-care internist. Painfully aware of the role of economics in modern life, particularly in the health-care field, Angela returned to school to earn an MBA. Armed with a shiny new degree and blessed with determination, intelligence, and impeccable timing, Angela founded a start-up company, Angels Healthcare, then took it public. With her controlling interest in three busy specialty hospitals in New York City and plans for others in Miami and Los Angeles, Angela's future looked very bright.Then a surge of drug-resistant staph infections in all three hospitals devastates Angela's carefully constructed world. Not only do the infections result in patient deaths, but the fatalities also cause stock prices to tumble, leaving market analysts wondering if Angela will be able to hold her empire together. New York City medical examiners Laurie Montgomery and Jack Stapleton are naturally intrigued by the uptick in staph-related post-procedure deaths. Aside from their own professional curiosity, there's a personal stake as well: Laurie and Jack are newly married, and Jack is facing surgery to repair a torn ligament at Angels Orthopedic Hospital. Despite Jack's protests, Laurie can't help investigating-opening a Pandora's box of corporate intrigue that threatens not just her livelihood, but her life with Jack as well. Danger in the Hospital! MRSA strikes multiple hospitals-- in Robin Cook's new novel, Critical. This tightly written medical thriller interweaves drug resistance, cross infection, and the perils of postoperative complications in standalone surgicenters. It also juxtaposes the perspective of an orthopedic patient/physician with the business interests of a physician/entrepreneur.
- 2014 SpringerOscar H. Del Brutto, Héctor H. García.Neurocysticercosis (neural infection by larvae of Taenia solium) occurs when humans become intermediate hosts of the tapeworm Taenia solium after ingesting its eggs, usually directly from a Taenia carrier. Nowadays, the disease is the most common helminthic infection of the nervous system in humans, and a major cause of acquired epilepsy. It has long been endemic in developing countries of Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia. Recently, however, mass migration from endemic to non-endemic areas and growth in overseas travel have resulted in an increase in the prevalence of cysticercosis in countries where it was formerly considered exotic. The introduction of modern neuroimaging and serologic techniques has improved the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis, and the development of potent cysticidal drugs has changed the prognosis of most affected patients. Nevertheless, much remains to be learned about this parasitic disease. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the various aspects of cysticercosis of the nervous system that will be of interest to all who are involved in the care of patients with the disease. Epidemiology, neuropathology, immunopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management are all thoroughly discussed based on current evidence and practice.
- K. Codell Carter.Bloodletting and inflammation -- Bloodletting and social norms -- Disease and causes of disease in early nineteenth century medical thought -- The Early nineteenth century conception of quackery -- The Edinburgh bloodletting controversy -- Ignaz Semmelweis and the adoption of etiological concepts of disease -- The Collapse of traditional medicine and the rise of medical science -- The Current crisis in epidemiology.
- 2014 Springereditors: Zili Sloboda, Hanno PetrasPrevention Science: An Epidemiological Approach -- Individual Physical, Cognitive, and Emotional Vulnerability Across the Life Course: Benchmarks and Developmental Challenges -- Benchmarks, Developmental Challenges, and Risks During the Prenatal and Infancy Period -- Childhood and the Entry into Adolescence: A Pivotal Period in Health-Related Behaviors and Prevention -- Adolescence and Early Adulthood -- Stressors and Vulnerabilities in Middle and Old Age: Opportunities for Prevention -- Environmental Influences and Implications for Intervention Development -- Family -- School Influences on Child and Youth Development -- Peer Networks -- Risk and Resilience Processes in Single-Mother Families: An Interactionist Perspective -- Environmental Influences: The Workplace and Mental Health-Models, Vulnerability Factors, and Interventions -- An Integrated Prevention Science Model: A Conceptual Foundation for Prevention Research -- Design of Prevention Interventions -- Implementation Science and the Effective Delivery of Evidence-Based Prevention -- Factors Affecting Implementation: Cultural Adaptation and Training -- Measuring Fidelity -- Research Design -- Translating the Intervention Approach into an Appropriate Research Design: The Next-Generation Adaptive Designs for Effectiveness and Implementation Research -- The Epidemiologic Case-Crossover and Case-Control Approaches in Prevention Research -- The Use of Simulation Models in Public Health with Applications to Substance Abuse and Obesity Problems -- Meta-analysis in Prevention Science -- Mixed Methods Research Design for Prevention Science: Methods, Critiques, and Recommendations -- Analytic Methods -- Latent Class Analysis in Prevention Science -- Discrete-Time Survival Analysis in Prevention Science -- Using Mediation and Moderation Analyses to Enhance Prevention Research -- Advances in Missing Data Models and Fidelity Issues of Implementing These Methods in Prevention Science -- Cost Analysis and Policy -- Economic Analysis and Policy Studies: Special Challenges in the Prevention Sciences -- Strengthening Prevention Science to Ensure Effectiveness of Intervention in Practice: Setting up an International Agenda.
- 2008edited for the International Epidemiological Association by Miquel Porta ; associate editors, Sander Greenland, John M. Last.
- 2009 SpringerBruce Hannon, Matthias Ruth.The why and how of dynamic modeling -- Basic epidemic models -- Insect dynamics -- Malaria and sickle cell anemia -- Encephalitis -- Chagas disease -- Lyme disease -- Chicken pox and shingles -- Toxoplasmosis -- The zebra mussel -- Biological control of pestilence -- Indirect susceptible-infected-resistant models of arboviral encephalitis transmission -- Chaos and pestilence -- Catastrophe and pestilence -- Spatial pestilence dynamics.
- 2013 SpringerTroy Tassier.The book presents a basic introduction to epidemiology from the perspective of economics, using economic modeling to better understand and describe how infectious disease spreads. Three main elements are introduced: epidemiology, social network analysis, and the economics needed to model the behavior of individuals in the presence of infectious disease. The book aims to provide a starting point for discussion between medical professionals, social scientists and public health officials, the three groups interested in the spread of disease.
- 2012 WHOChapter 1. Identifying general requirements -- Chapter 2. Identifying detailed requirements -- Chapter 3. Selecting a solution -- Chapter 4. Implementing an electronic recording and reporting system .
- 2016 CambridgeRobert Peckham, University of Hong Hong."Epidemics have played a critical role in shaping modern Asia. Encompassing two centuries of Asian history, Robert Peckham explores the profound impact that infectious disease has had on societies across the region: from India to China and the Russian Far East. The book tracks the links between biology, history, and geopolitics, highlighting infectious disease's interdependencies with empire, modernization, revolution, nationalism, migration, and transnational patterns of trade. By examining the history of Asia through the lens of epidemics, Peckham vividly illustrates how society's material conditions are entangled with social and political processes, offering an entirely fresh perspective on Asia's transformation"-- Provided by publisher.
- 2012 SpringerGeorge Pollock.1. Early Concepts of Communicability -- 2. Infection on the Move -- 3. The Impact of Cholera -- 4. Stiffening the Sinews -- 5. Dawn and Sunset -- 6. A Need for Damage Limitation -- 7. No Lasting Stability -- 8. Tailpiece.
- 2012 SpringerO.S. Miettinen, I. Karp.Epidemiology: Grappling with the Concept -- Epidemiological Knowledge: Examples -- Etiology as a Pragmatic Concern -- Etiology as the Object of Study -- Etiologic Studies' Essentials -- Etiologic Studies' Typology -- Etiologic Studies' Objects Design -- Etiologic Studies' Methods Design -- Etiologic Studies' Intervention Counterparts -- Causal Studies' Acausal Counterparts -- Studies on Screening for a Cancer -- Some Paradigmatic Studies -- From Studies to Knowledge -- Fact-finding in Epidemiological Practice.
- 2011 SpringerO.S. Miettinen.Medicine, science, and statistics -- Terms and concepts in medicine -- Epidemiological research proper -- Introductory terms and concepts -- Terms and concepts of objects of study -- Terms and concepts of methods of study -- Meta-epidemiological clinical research -- Introductory terms and concepts -- Terms and concepts of objects of study -- Terms and concepts of methods of study.
- 2007Moyses Szklo, F. Javier Nieto.Basic study designs in analytical epidemiology -- Measuring disease occurence -- Measuring associations between exposures and outcomes -- Understanding lack of validity: bias -- Identifying noncausal associations: confounding -- Defining and assessing heterogeneity of effects: interaction -- Stratification and adjustment: multivariate analysis in epidemiology -- Quality assurance and control -- Communicating results of epidemiologic studies -- Epidemiologic issues in the interface with public health policy.
- 2009 SpringerBryan Kestenbaum ; editors, Kathryn L. Adeney, Noel S. Weiss ; contributing author, Abigail B. Shoben.
- Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine-preventable diseases : the pink book : course textbook. 13th edition.2015 CDCedited by Jennifer Hamborsky, Andrew Kroger, Charles (Skip) Wolfe.
- Epidemiology and public health : a text and reference book for physicians, medical students and health workersv. 1-2, 1922-23.by Victor C. Vaughan ; assisted by Henry F. Vaughan and George T. Palmer.
- 2009 SpringerDenise M. Oleske.
- 2014 ClinicalKeyLeon Gordis, MD, MPH, DrPH.Epidemiology, by award-winning educator and epidemiologist Leon Gordis, is a best-selling introduction to this complex science. Dr. Gordis leverages his vast experience teaching this subject in the classroom to introduce the basic principles and concepts of epidemiology in a clear, uniquely memorable way. He guides you from an explanation of the epidemiologic approach to disease and intervention, through the use of epidemiologic principles to identify the causes of disease, to a discussion of how epidemiology should be used to improve evaluation and public policy. It's your best choice for an accessible yet rich understanding of epidemiology! Gain a solid foundation of basic epidemiologic principles as well as practical applications in public health and clinical practice.Visualize concepts vividly through abundant full-color figures, graphs, and charts.Check your understanding of essential information with 320 multiple-choice epidemiology self-assessment questions (120 inside the book plus 200 more online).Access the complete contents online at Student Consult, including over 200 additional multiple-choice epidemiology self-assessment questions not found in the book, with answers to all questions as well as full rationales explaining why every answer is correct or incorrect.
- 2009Robert H. Friis, Thomas A. Sellers.
- 2012 SpringerAnne B. Newman, Jane A. Cauley, editors.The average age of the world's population is increasing at an unprecedented rate and this increase is changing the world. This 'silver tsunami' emphasizes the need to provide advanced training in epidemiology and increase the cadre of experts in the study of aging. This book is designed to summarize unique methodological issues relevant to the study of aging, biomarkers of aging and the biology/physiology of aging and in-depth discussions of the etiology and epidemiology of common geriatric syndromes and diseases. Contributing authors in the book represent many disciplines, not only epidemiology and clinical geriatrics, but also demography, health services, research, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, psychiatry, neurology, social services, musculoskeletal diseases and cancer. The aim of the book is to provide a broad multidisciplinary background for any student/researcher interested in aging. The material in the book is organized and comprehensive. It represents the most up-to-date information on the scientific issues in aging research written by academics who specialize in research and training in the broad field of aging.The structure and organization of the book reflects our course series in the Epidemiology of Aging starting with the broad issues of demography and methodology, and then addressing specific health conditions and geriatric conditions common to older persons.
- 2014 SpringerBengt Källén.Authored by Bengt Kallen, professor emeritus in embryology at Lund University in Sweden. The subject of this book is to describe the occurrence of congenital malformations among children born and what risk factors exist. Population data are presented for a number of malformations, ascertained with the use of data from the Swedish national health registers for the period 1998-2010 corresponding to some 1.3 million births, together with prospectively collected information on a group of exposures of possible interest.
- by John Parkin.pt. I. -- 1. The Doctrine of contagion -- 2. Modern theories, analysis of -- 3. The Propagation of cholera -- 4. Epizootics, or, Disease in the brute creation -- pt. II. Will shortly be issued, and will embrance the following subjects -- 5. The Remote cause of epidemic diseases in the animal creation -- 6. The Cause of blight and pestilence in the vegetable creation -- 7. The Cause of hurricanes, and abnormal atmospherical vicissitudes -- 8. Historical pathology, or a Brief history of the pestilences, murrains and blights, with the aberrations in the material world that have been observed during historical periods.Also available: Print – v. 1, 1873.
- 2012 SpringerKarin B. Michels, editor.Human epigenome -- Considerations in the design, conduct, and interpretation of studies in epigenetic epidemiology -- Laboratory methods in epigenetic epidemiology -- Biostatistical methods in epigenetic epidemiology -- Epigenome changes during development -- Role of epigenetics in the development origins of health and disease -- Epigenetics and assisted reproductive technology -- Imprinting disorders of early childhood -- Utility of twins for epigenetic analysis -- Age-related variation in DNA methylation -- Influence of environmental factors on the epigenome -- Epigenetic epidemiology of cancer -- Epigenetic epidemiology of infectious diseases -- Epigenetic epidemiology of inflammation and rhematoid arthritis -- Asthma epigenetics : emergnece of a new paradigm? -- Epigenetic epidemiology of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders -- Epigenetic epidemiology psychiatric disorders -- Epigenetic epidemiology of type 1 diabetes -- Epigenetic epidemiology of obesity, type 2 diabetes -- Epigenetic epidemiology of atherosclerosis.
- 2009edited by Steven S. Coughlin, Tom L. Beauchamp, Douglas L. Weed.Historical foundations / Steven S. Coughlin -- Moral foundations / Tom L. Beauchamp -- Toward a philosophy of epidemiology / Douglas L. Weed -- Epidemiology and informed consent / Jeffrey P. Kahn and Anna C. Mastroianni -- Privacy and confidentiality in epidemiology : special challenges of using information obtained without informed consent / Ellen Wright Clayton -- Ethical issues in the design and conduct of community-based intervention studies / Karen Glanz, Michelle C. Kegler, and Barbara K. Rimer -- Ethical issues in the interaction with research subjects and the disclosure of results / Andrea Smith and Paul A. Schulte -- Ethical issues in public health practice / Robert E. McKeown and R. Max Learner -- Ethical issues in genetic epidemiology / Laura M. Beskow and Wylie Burke -- Ethics and epidemiology in the age of AIDS / Carol Levine -- Ethical issues in international health research and epidemiology / John D.H. Porter, Carolyn Stephens, and Anthony Kessel -- The institutional review board / Robert J. Levine -- Good conduct in integrity in epidemiologic research / Colin L. Soskolne ... [et al.] -- Ethics curricula in epidemiology / Kenneth W. Goodman and Ronald J. Prineas.
- 2010 CRCnetBASESteven A. Koehler, Peggy A. Brown.
- 2014 SpringerDavid Alberts, Lisa M. Hess, editors.Introduction to cancer prevention -- Assessing human and economic benefits of cancer prevention -- The role of diet, physical activity, and body composition in cancer prevention -- Innate and adaptive immune responses to cancer -- Hereditary risk for cancer -- Cancer health disparties -- Human categories and health : the power of the concept of ethnicity -- Complementary and alternative approaches to cancer prevention -- Telemedicine, telehealth, and e-health technologies in cancer prevention -- Global cancer prevention -- Sunscreen-based skin protection against solar insult : molecular mechanisms and opportunities -- Skin cancer prevention -- Prevention of colorectal cancer -- Lung cancer prevention -- Breast cancer prevention -- Prevention of prostate cancer -- Cervical cancer prevention -- Ovarian cancer prevention -- Endometrial cancer prevention -- Cancer survivorship.
- 2010 SpringerRodrick Wallace, Deborah Wallace.
- 2009 Springer Protocolsedited by M. Dawn Teare.Molecular Genetics and Genetic Variation / Mohammed-Elfatih Twfieg, M. Dawn Teare -- Terminology, Concepts, and Models in Genetic Epidemiology / M. Dawn Teare, Mauro F. Koref -- An Introduction to Epidemiology / Cother Hajat -- Genetic Distance and Markers Used in Linkage Mapping / Kristina Allen-Brady, Nicola J. Camp -- Approaches to Genetic Linkage Analysis / M. Dawn Teare -- Fine-Scale Structure of the Genome and Markers Used in Association Mapping / Karen Curtin, Nicola J. Camp -- Genome-Wide Association Studies / Mark M. Iles -- Candidate Gene Association Studies / M. Dawn Teare -- Family-Based Association Studies / Frank Dudbridge -- Genome Variation: A Review of Web Resources / Andrew Collins, William J. Tapper -- Advanced Methods in Twin Studies / Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen -- Mendelian Randomisation: A Tool for Assessing Causality in Observational Epidemiology / Nuala A. Sheehan, Sha Meng, Vanessa Didelez -- Copy Number Variation / Louise V. Wain, Martin D. Tobin -- Epigenetic Variation / Kevin Walters -- Modeling the Effect of Susceptibility Factors (HLA and PTPN22) in Rheumatoid Arthritis / Hervé Perdry, Françoise Clerget-Darpoux -- Coronary Artery Disease: An Example Case Study / Jennifer H. Barrett -- The Genetic Epidemiology of Obesity: A Case Study / Laura M. Johnson.
- 2011 Springer Protocolseditor M. Dawn Teare.Molecular genetics and genetic variation / Mohammed-Elfatih Twfieg and M. Dawn Teare -- Terminology, concepts, and models in genetic epidemiology / M. Dawn Teare and Mauro F. Santibàñez Koref -- An introduction to epidemiology / Cother Hajat -- Genetic distance and markers used in linkage mapping / Kristina Allen-Brady and Nicola J. Camp -- Approaches to genetic linkage analysis / M. Dawn Teare -- Fine-scale structure of the genome and markers used in association mapping / Karen Curtin and Nicola J. Camp -- Genome-wide association studies / Mark M. Iles -- Candidate gene association studies / M. Dawn Teare -- Family-based association studies / Frank Dudbridge -- Genome variation : a review of web resources / Andrew Collins and William J. Tapper -- Advanced methods in twin studies / Jaakko Kaprio and Karri Silventoinen -- Mendelian randomisation : a tool for assessing causality in observational epidemiology / Nuala A. Sheehan, Sha Meng, and Vanessa Didelez -- Copy number variation / Louise V. Wain and Martin D. Tobin -- Epigenetic variation / Kevin Walters -- Modeling the effect of susceptibility factors (HLA and PTPN22) in rheumatoid arthritis / Hervé Perdry and Françoise Clerget-Darpoux -- Coronary artery disease : an example case study / Jennifer H. Barrett -- The genetic epidemiology of obesity : a case study / Laura M. Johnson.
- 2013Deanna Kerrigan, Andrea Wirtz, Stefan Baral, Michele Decker, Laura Murray, Tonia Poteat, Carel Pretorius, Susan Sherman, Mike Sweat, Iris Semini, N'Della N'Jie, Anderson Stanciole, Jenny Butler, Sutayut Osornprasop, Robert Oelrichs, and Chris Beyrer.This volume presents an integrated epidemiologic, social, and economic analysis of the global epidemics of HIV among sex workers in low- and middle-income countries. The book provides a comprehensive review and synthesis of the available public health and social science data to characterize the nature, scope, and complexities of these epidemics. A community empowerment-based approach to HIV prevention, treatment, and care is outlined and demonstrated to be cost-effective across multiple settings, with a significant projected impact on HIV incidence among sex workers and transmission dynamics overall. The Global HIV Epidemics among Sex Workers seeks to assist governments, public health implementing agencies, donors, and sex worker communities to better understand and respond to the epidemics among a population facing heightened social and structural vulnerabilities to HIV. The book combines a systematic review of the global epidemiology of HIV among sex workers and in-depth case studies of the epidemiology, policy and programmatic responses and surrounding social contexts for HIV prevention, care and treatment in eight countries. The authors employ mathematical modeling and cost-effectiveness analysis to assess the potential country-level impact of a community empowerment-based approach to HIV prevention, treatment, and care among sex workers when taken to scale in four countries representing diverse sociopolitical contexts and HIV epidemics: Brazil, Kenya, Thailand, and Ukraine. In each setting, greater investment in prevention, treatment, and care for sex workers is shown to significantly reduce HIV. Together these findings underline the urgency of further global investment in comprehensive, human rights-based responses to HIV among sex workers.
- 2011 WHO"This report sets out the statistics, evidence and experiences needed to launch a more forceful response to the growing threat posed by noncommunicable diseases. While advice and recommendations are universally relevant, the report gives particular attention to conditions in low- and middle-income countries, which now bear nearly 80% of the burden from diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. The health consequences of the worldwide epidemic of obesity are also addressed. The report takes an analytical approach, using global, regional and country-specific data to document the magnitude of the problem, project future trends, and assess the factors contributing to these trends. As noted, the epidemic of these diseases is being driven by forces now touching every region of the world: demographic aging, rapid unplanned urbanization, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles"--Publisher's description.Also available: Print – 2011
- 2014 WHOThis global status report on prevention and control of NCDs (2014), is framed around the nine voluntary global targets. The report provides data on the current situation, identifying bottlenecks as well as opportunities and priority actions for attaining the targets. The 2010 baseline estimates on NCD mortality and risk factors are provided so that countries can report on progress, starting in 2015. In addition, the report also provides the latest available estimates on NCD mortality (2012) and risk factors, 2010-2012. All ministries of health need to set national NCD targets and lead the development and implementation of policies and interventions to attain them. There is no single pathway to attain NCD targets that fits all countries, as they are at different points in their progress in the prevention and control of NCDs and at different levels of socioeconomic development. However all countries can benefit from the comprehensive response to attaining the voluntary global targets presented in this report.--Publisher description.Also available: Print – 2014
- 2006 ScienceDirectedited by Michael M. Wagner, Andrew W. Moore, Ron M. Aryel.Pt. I. The challenge of biosurveillance. Introduction / Michael M. Wagner -- Outbreaks and investigations / Virginia Dato, Richard Shephard, and Michael M. Wagner -- Case detection, outbreak detection, and outbreak characterization / Michael M. Wagner, Louise S. Gresham, and Virginia Dato -- Functional requirements for biosurveillance / Michael M. Wagner, Loren Shaffer, and Richard Shephard -- Pt. II. Organizations that conduct biosurveillance and the data they collect. Governmental public health / Rita Velikina, Virginia Dato, and Michael M. Wagner -- The healthcare system / Michael M. Wagner, William R. Hogan, and Ron M. Aryel -- Animal health / Richard Shephard, Ron M. Aryel, and Loren Shaffer -- Laboratories / Charles Brokopp ... [et al.] -- Water suppliers / Jason R.E. Shepard ... [et al.] -- Food and pharmaceutical industries / Ron M. Aryel and T.V. (Sunil) Anklekar -- Coroners and medical examiners / Ron M. Aryel and Michael M. Wagner -- Other organizations that conduct biosurveillance / Michael M. Wagner ... [et al.] -- Pt. III. Data analysis. Case detection algorithms / Fu-Chiang Tsui ... [et al.] -- Classical time-series methods for biosurveillance / Weng-Keen Wong and Andrew W. Moore -- Combining multiple signals for biosurveillance / Andrew W. Moore ... [et al.] -- Methods for detecting spatial and spatio-temporal clusters / Daniel B. Neill and Andrew W. Moore -- Natural language processing for biosurveillance / Wendy W. Chapman -- Bayesian methods for diagnosing outbreaks / Gregory F. Cooper ... [et al.] -- Atmospheric dispersion modeling in biosurveillance / William R. Hogan -- Methods for algorithm evaluation / Michael M. Wagner and Garrick Wallstrom -- Pt. IV. Newer types of surveillance data. Methods for evaluating surveillance data / Michael M. Wagner -- Sales of over-the-counter healthcare products / William R. Hogan and Michael M. Wagner -- Chief complaints and ICD codes / Michael M. Wagner ... [et al.] -- Absenteeism / Leslie Lenert ... [et al.] -- Emergency call centers / Ron M. Aryel and Michael M. Wagner -- The internet as sentinel / Michael M. Wagner, Heather A. Johnson, and Virginia Dato -- Physiologic and space-based sensors / Ron M. Aryel -- Data NOS (not otherwise specified) / Michael M. Wagner and Murray Campbell -- Pt. V. Decision making. Decision analysis / Agnieszka Onisko, Garrick Wallstrom, and Michael M. Wagner -- Probabilistic interpretation of surveillance data / Garrick Wallstrom, Michael M. Wagner, and Agnieska [sic] Onisko -- Economic studies in biosurveillance / Bruce Y. Lee ... [et al.] -- Pt. VI. Building and field testing biosurveillance systems. Information technology standards in biosurveillance / William R. Hogan and Michael M. Wagner -- Architecture / Jeremy Espino and Michael M. Wagner -- Advancing organizational integration: negotiation, data use agreements, law and ethics / M. Cleat Szczepaniak ... [et al.] -- Other design and implementation issues / Steve DeFrancesco, Kevin Hutchison, and Michael M. Wagner -- Project management / Neil Jacobson, Sherry Daswani, and Per H. Gesteland -- Methods for field testing of biosurveillance systems / Michael M. Wagner.
- 2010 SpringerVictor R. Preedy, Ronald R. Watson (eds.).Reference to quantitative measures of quality of life, life expectancy, and the financial costs of illness and treatment. Features in-depth reviews of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), quality of life and financial measures for over 120 diseases and conditions.
- 2014 SpringerWolfgang Ahrens, Iris Pigeot, editors.
- 2010 SpringerMarkku T. Hyyppä.What Is Social Capital? -- Definitions and Forms of Social Capital -- Measuring Social Capital -- Social Participation -- How Does Cultural Participation Contribute to Social Capital and Well-Being? -- Social Trust, Mistrust and Reciprocity -- Cross-Sectional Studies of Social Capital and Health -- Prospective Longitudinal Surveys -- Healthy Communities -- Social Capital and Health from Cradle to Grave -- Gendering Social Capital and Population Health -- Health-Related Behaviors -- Proposed Biological Mediating Mechanisms -- Emergent Social Capital -- Implications and Implementations.
- 2016 Wileyedited by Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Ana Mocumbi, Albertino Damasceno, Mpiko Ntsekhe.Maternal heart health / Karen Sliwa -- Congenital heart disease / Ana Mocumbi, Tantchou Tchoumi, John Musuku -- Acquired heart disease / Ana Mocumbi, Liesl Zuhlke, Peter Zilla -- Cardiovascular risk in urban & rural African settings / Kemi Tibarzarwa, Karen Sliwa, Melinda J Carrington, Okechukwu S Ogah, and Simon Stewart -- The African INTERHEART STUDY / Krisela Steyn and Karen Sliwa -- The spectrum of heart disease in urban Africans : the heart of Soweto study / Melinda Carrington, Karen Sliwa and Simon Stewart -- Rheumatic heart disease / Simon Stewart, Melinda Carrington & Karen Sliwa -- Pericardial disease / Mpiko Ntsekhe -- Human immunodeficiency virus-related heart disease / Friedrich Thienemann, Melinda Carrington, Karen Sliwa, Mpiko Ntsekhe & Simon Stewart -- Acute coronary syndrome in the African context / Anthony Becker -- Stroke in the African context / Albertino Damasceno -- Acute heart failure / Mahmoud Sani, Dike Oji, Anastase Dzudie, Okechukwu Sam Ogah -- Hypertensive heart failure / Dike Ojji, Mahmoud Sani, Anastase Dzudie, Okechukwu Sam Ogah -- Chronic heart failure / Okechukwu Sam Ogah, Anastase Dzudie, Dike OJJi, Mahmoud Sani -- Pulmonary hypertension & right heart failure / Anastase Dzudie, Friedrich Thienemann, Okechukwu Sam Ogah, Dike Ojji, Mahmoud Sa.
- 2012 OvidC. Glen Mayhall, [editor].Section I. Applied epidemiology and biostatistics in healthcare epidemiology and infection control -- Section II. Healthcare quality improvement -- Section III. Informatics in healthcare epidemiology -- Section IV. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections of organ systems -- Section V. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections caused by specific pathogens -- Section VI. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections in pediatric patients -- Section VII. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections in special patient populations -- Section VIII. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections related to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures -- Section IX. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections related to the hospital environment -- Section X. Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections in healthcare workers -- Section XI. Disinfection and sterilization -- Section XII. Prevention of infectsions acquired by patients in healthcare facilities related to design, construction, renovation, demolition and ventilation systems -- Section XIII. Antimicrobial agents in healthcare epidemiology and infection control -- Section XIV. Literature in healthcare epidemiology and infection control -- Section XV. Organization and implementation of infection control programs -- Section XVI. Healthcare epidemiology and infection control in special settings for healthcare delivery -- Section XVII. Bioterrorism.
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and breastfeeding : science, research advances, and policy2012 SpringerAthena P. Kourtis, Marc Bulterys, editors.Part 1. Transmission of HIV-1 infection to the infant through breastfeeding -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of HIV-1: Epidemiology and Global Magnitude / Mary Glenn Fowler, Athena P. Kourtis, Jim Aizire, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi and Marc Bulterys -- Breastfeeding and Transmission of Viruses Other than HIV-1 / Claire L. Townsend, Catherine S. Peckham and Claire Thorne -- Breastfeeding Among HIV-1 Infected Women: Maternal Health Outcomes and Social Repercussions / Elizabeth Stringer and Kate Shearer -- Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the Breastfed Infant / Chin-Yih Ou, Susan Fiscus, Dennis Ellenberger, Bharat Parekh and Christine Korhonen, et al. -- Part 2. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Virology -- Virologic Determinants of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Susan A. Fiscus and Grace M. Aldrovandi -- HIV-1 Resistance to Antiretroviral Agents: Relevance to Mothers and Infants in the Breastfeeding Setting / Michelle S. McConnell and Paul Palumbo -- Animal Models of HIV Transmission Through Breastfeeding and Pediatric HIV Infection / Koen K. A. Van Rompay and Kartika Jayashankar -- Antiretroviral Pharmacology in Breast Milk / Amanda H. Corbett -- Part 3. Mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through breast milk: Immunology -- The Immune System of Breast Milk: Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Properties / Philippe Lepage and Philippe Van de Perre -- B Lymphocyte-Derived Humoral Immune Defenses in Breast Milk Transmission of the HIV-1 / Laurent Bélec and Athena P. Kourtis -- Cellular Immunity in Breast Milk: Implications for Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 to the Infant / Steffanie Sabbaj, Chris C. Ibegbu and Athena P. Kourtis -- Part 4. Prevention of breast milk transmission of HIV-1 -- Antiretroviral Drugs During Breastfeeding for the Prevention of Postnatal Transmission of HIV-1 / Athena P. Kourtis, Isabelle de Vincenzi, Denise J. Jamieson and Marc Bulterys -- Immune Approaches for the Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1 / Barbara Lohman-Payne, Jennifer Slyker and Sarah L. Rowland-Jones -- Non-antiretroviral Approaches to Prevention of Breast Milk Transmission of HIV-1: Exclusive Breastfeeding, Early Weaning, Treatment of Expressed Breast Milk / Jennifer S. Read -- Breast Milk Micronutrients and Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 / Monal R. Shroff and Eduardo Villamor -- Part 5. Research Implementation and Policy Related to Breastfeeding by HIV-1-Infected Mothers -- Historical Perspective of African-Based Research on HIV-1 Transmission Through Breastfeeding: The Malawi Experience / Taha E. Taha -- Breastfeeding and HIV Infection in China / Christine Korhonen, Liming Wang, Linhong Wang, Serena Fuller and Fang Wang, et al. -- The Role of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Infant and Young Child Feeding Guideline Development and Program Implementation / Michelle R. Adler, Margaret Brewinski, Amie N. Heap and Omotayo Bolu -- HIV-1 and Breastfeeding in the United States / Kristen M. Little, Dale J. Hu and Ken L. Dominguez -- Part 6. DEBATE: Should Women With HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? Balancing the Scientific Evidence, Ethical Issues and Cost-Policy Considerations -- Pendulum Swings in HIV-1 and Infant Feeding Policies: Now Halfway Back / Louise Kuhn and Grace Aldrovandi -- Should Women with HIV-1 Infection Breastfeed Their Infants? It Depends on the Setting / Grace John-Stewart and Ruth Nduati -- Part 7. The Epilogue -- The Future of Breastfeeding in the Face of HIV-1 Infection: Science and Policy / Marc Bulterys and Athena P. Kourtis.
- 2015Leon S. Robertson.Injury and the role of epidemiology -- Energy characteristics and control strategies -- Research objectives and usable data -- Injury severity -- Injury statistics -- National injury surveillance -- Local injury surveillance and risk factor surveys -- The use and abuse of causal analysis -- Research designs and data analysis -- Human factors -- Evaluation of programs to change human factors voluntarily -- Evaluation of laws and rules directed at individual behavior -- Evaluation of agent, vehicle and environmental modifications -- Evaluation of post-injury treatment and rehabilitation -- Injury epidemiology and economics -- Summation of principles.
- Insulin resistance and cancer : epidemiology, cellular and molecular mechanisms, and clinical implications2011 SpringerI. George Fantus, editor.Insulin and the Physiology of Carbohydrate Metabolism -- Insulin/IGF-1 Signaling Nodes and their Role in Carcinogenesis -- The Mechanisms and Impact of Obesity and Insulin Resistance on Breast Cancer Incidence -- Obesity and Cancer: Epidemiology -- Insulin, Insulin Resistance, and Cancer Associations -- Animal Models of Hyperinsulinemia, Insulin Resistance, and Cancer -- Potential Mechanisms Linking Insulin to Cancer -- Actions of Insulin As a Survival and Growth Factor: Akt, mTOR, and Regulation of Translation -- AMP-Activated Protein Kinase and Cancer Cell Metabolism -- The Role of the IGF Axis in Human Malignancy: Evidence from Epidemiological Studies and Tissue Analysis -- IGF-I and Insulin Receptor Families in Cancer -- Insulin Resistance: Clinical Implications for Cancer Treatment and Prevention.
- 2005 SpringerGeorge Christakos ... [et al.].Toward an interdisciplinary methodology -- Stochastic modelling -- Black Death: the background -- Mathematical formulation of the knowledge bases -- Spatiotemporal mapping of the epidemic -- Epea pteroenta.
- 2010 SpringerJørn Olsen ... [et al.].Measures of disease occurrence -- Estimates of associations -- Age standardization -- Causes of diseases -- Descriptive epidemiology in public health -- Descriptive epidemiology in genetic epidemiology -- Descriptive epidemiology in clinical epidemiology -- Design options -- Follow-up studies -- Case-control studies -- The cross-sectional study -- The randomized controlled trial (RCT) -- Analytical epidemiology in public health -- Analytical epidemiology in genetic epidemiology -- Analytical epidemiology in clinical epidemiology -- Confounding and bias -- Confounding -- Information bias -- Selection bias -- Making inference and making decisions -- Sources of error in public health epidemiology -- Sources of error in genetic epidemiology -- Sources of error in clinical epidemiology -- P values -- Calculating confidence intervals -- Erratum to: an introduction to epidemiology for health professionals.
- 2007 SpringerPentti Rautaharju and Farida Rautaharju.
- 2014 SpringerHelen E. Scharfman, Paul S. Buckmaster, editors.Part 1. How can we identify ictal and interictal abnormal activity? / Robert S. Fisher, Helen E. Scharfman, and Marco deCurtis -- What is the clinical relevance of in vitro epileptiform activity? / Uwe Heinemann and Kevin J. Staley -- What is the importance of abnormal "background" activity in seizure generation? / Richard J. Staba and Gregory A. Worrell -- What is a seizure focus? / J. Victor Nadler and Dennis D. Spencer -- What is a seizure network? Long-range network consequences of focal seizures / Hal Blumenfeld -- What is a seizure network? Very fast oscillations at the interface between normal and epileptic brain / Roger D. Traub, Mark O. Cunningham, and Miles A. Whittington -- Is there such a thing as "generalized" epilepsy? / Gilles van Luijtelaar, Charles Behr, and Massimo Avoli -- Part 2. Are there really "epileptogenic" mechanisms or only corruptions of "normal" plasticity? / Giuliano Avanzini, Patrick A. Forcelli, and Karen Gale -- When and how do seizures kill neurons, and is cell death relevant to epileptogenesis? / Ray Dingledine, Nicholas H. Varvel, and F. Edward Dudek -- How is homeostatic plasticity important in epilepsy? / John W. Swann and Jong M. Rho -- Is plasticity of GABAergic mechanisms relevant to epileptogenesis? / Helen E. Scharfman and Amy R. Brooks-Kayal -- Do structural changes in GABA neurons give rise to the epileptic state? / Carolyn R. Houser -- Does mossy fiber sprouting give rise to the epileptic state? / Paul S. Buckmaster -- Does brain inflammation mediate pathological outcomes in epilepsy? / Karen S. Wilcox and Annamaria Vezzani -- Are changes in synaptic function that underlie hyperexcitability responsible for seizure activity? / John G.R. Jefferys -- Does epilepsy cause a reversion to immature function? / Aristea S. Galanopoulou and Solomon L. Moshé -- Are alterations in transmitter receptor and ion channel expression responsible for epilepsies? / Kim L. Powell, Katarzyna Lukasiuk, Terence J. O'Brien, and Asla Pitkänen -- Part 3. How do we make models that are useful in understanding partial epilepsies? / David A. Prince -- Aligning animal models with clinical epilepsy: where to begin? / Stephen C. Harward and James O. McNamara -- What non-neuronal mechanisms should be studied to understand epileptic seizures? / Damir Janigro and Matthew C. Walker -- What epilepsy comorbidities are important to model in the laboratory? clinical perspectives / Simon Shorvon -- Epilepsy comorbidities: how can animal models help? / Carl E. Stafstrom -- What new modeling approaches will help us identify promising drug treatments? / Scott C. baraban and Wolfgang Löscher -- What are the arguments for and against rational therapy for epilepsy? / Melissa Barker-Haliski, Graeme J. Sills, and H. Steve White -- How can advances in epilepsy genetics lead to better treatments and cures? / Renzo Guerrini and Jeffrey Noebels -- How might novel technologies such as optogenetics lead to better treatments in epilepsy? / Esther Krook-Magnuson, Marco Ledri, Ivan Soltesz, and Merab Kokaia -- Index.Also available: Print – 2014
- 2014 ClinicalKeyby David L. Katz [and others].Basic epidemiologic concepts and principles -- Epidemiologic data measurements -- Epidemiologic surveillance and epidemic outbreak investigation -- The study of risk factors and causation -- Common research designs and issues in epidemiology -- Assessment of risk and benefit in epidemiologic studies -- Understanding the quality of data in clinical medicine -- Statistical foundations of clinical decisions -- Describing variation in data -- Statistical inference and hypothesis testing -- Bivariate analysis -- Applying statistics to trial design: sample size, randomization, and control for multiple hypotheses -- Multivariable analysis -- Introduction to preventive medicine -- Methods of primary prevention: health promotion -- Principles and practice of secondary prevention -- Methods of tertiary prevention -- Clinical preventive services (United States Preventive Services Task Force) -- Chronic disease prevention -- Prevention of infectious diseases -- Mental and behavioral health -- Occupational medicine -- Birth outcomes: a global perspective -- Introduction to public health -- Public health system: structure and function -- Public health practice in communities -- Disaster epidemiology and surveillance -- Heatlh management, health administration, and quality improvement -- Health care organization, policy, and financing -- One health: interdependence of people, other species, and the planet.
- 2015 (5th ed.) AccessMedicine4th ed., 2005 AccessMedicineGreenberg, Raymond S.Also available: Print – 1993-<2015>
- Medicine of the future : risk assessment, elimination or mitigation and action plans for 28 diseases and medical conditions2014 SpringerYann Meunier.This book outlines risk assessments for 28 diseases and medical conditions including the following aspects: genetics, biochemistry, serology, past medical history, family history, co-morbidities, age, gender, ethnicity, nutrition and lifestyle. Recommendations are made for how to avoid, eliminate or mitigate risks. Preventing measures concerning chemical compound intake, lifestyle and nutrition are proposed. The unique content and approach of the book to chronic disease management make it a state-of-the-art reference work, addressing a missing component of medical care and reflecting the cutting edge of preventive medicine.
- 2016Greg Duncan, Virginia Lesser, Barbara Entwisle, Graham Kalton, Andy Shih, Elaine Faustman, Rosalind Wright, Kerry Anne McGeary, Richard Gershon, Steven Wysmuller, Shelley Merritt, and Charlee Alexander.As outlined in the previous paper in this series (Riley et al., 2016), our nation needs foundational data in order to understand how social, physical, chemical, and nutritional environments interact to impact how Americans grow, live, and prosper. To satisfy this need, we propose a nationally representative birth cohort study beginning in the prenatal period and following the children through adulthood. Existing research efforts are in adequate because their data are not sufficiently comprehensive and representative to identify both positive and negative factors affecting children's health or to fully understand health inequities in the United States. A crucial element of the proposed study is a well-designed national probability sample from which conclusions can be drawn to the larger population from which the sample was randomly selected. In contrast, self-selection sampling consists of volunteers who elected to be part of a study. This technique introduces self-selection bias and can lead to a sample that is not representative of the population being studied. In fact, a report by the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM), The National Children's Study 2014: An Assessment, endorsed a probability sample design for a future national longitudinal birth cohort study (NRC/IOM, 2014; Riley et al., 2016). This paper provides an overview of a feasible sample design, methods for stakeholder engagement, tools for data collection, and approaches for providing access to the data that would maximize its value.
- 2013 SpringerSuhail A. R. Doi, Gail M. Williams, editors."Methods of Clinical Epidemiology" serves as a text on methods useful to clinical researchers. It provides a clear introduction to the common research methodology specific to clinical research for both students and researchers. This book sets out to fill the gap left by texts that concentrate on public health epidemiology and focuses on what is not covered well in such texts. The four sections cover methods that have not previously been brought together in one text and serves as a second level textbook of clinical epidemiology methodology. This book will be of use to postgraduate students in clinical epidemiology as well as clinical researchers at the start of their careers.
- 2008[edited by] Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, Timothy L. Lash.Introduction / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Section I: Basic concepts -- Causation and causal inference / Kenneth J. Rothman ... [et al.] -- Measures of occurrence / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Measures of effect and measures of association / Sander Greenland, Kenneth J. Rothman, and Timothy L. Lash -- Concepts of interaction / Sander Greenland, Timothy L. Lash, and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Section II: Study design and conduct -- Types of epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Cohort studies / Kenneth J. Rothman and Sander Greenland -- Case-control studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Validity in epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Precision and statistics in epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Design strategies to improve study accuracy / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Causal diagrams / M. Maria Glymour and Sander Greenland -- Section III: Data analysis -- Fundamentals of epidemiologic data analysis / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Introduction to categorical statistics / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Introduction to stratified analysis / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Applications of stratified analysis methods / Sander Greenland -- Analysis of polytomous exposures and outcomes / Sander Greenland -- Introduction to bayesian statistics / Sander Greenland -- Bias analysis / Sander Greenland and Timothy L. Lash -- Introduction to regression models / Sander Greenland -- Introduction to regression modeling / Sander Greenland -- Section IV: Special topics -- Surveillance / James W. Buehler -- Using secondary data / Jørn Olsen -- Field methods in epidemiology / Patricia Hartge and Jack Cahill -- Ecologic studies / Hal Morgenstern -- Social epidemiology / Jay S. Kaufman -- Infectious disease epidemiology / C. Robert Horsburgh, Jr., and Barbara E. Mahon -- Genetic and molecular epidemiology / Muin J. Khoury, Robert Millikan, and Marta Gwinn -- Nutritional epidemiology / Walter C. Willett -- Environmental epidemiology / Irva Hertz-Picciotto -- Methodologic issues in reproductive epidemiology / Clarice R. Weinberg and Allen J. Wilcox -- Clinical epidemiology / Noel S. Weiss -- Meta-analysis / Sander Greenland and Keith O'Rourke.
- 2010 SpringerAlexander Kramer, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Klaus Krickeberg, editors.Part 1. Challenges -- The Global Burden of Infectious Diseases / Paulo Pinheiro, Colin D. Mathers and Alexander Krämer -- Global Challenges of Infectious Disease Epidemiology / Alexander Krämer and Md. Mobarak Hossain Khan -- Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases / Thomas Löscher and Luise Prüfer-Krämer -- Infectious Disease Control Policies and the Role of Governmental and Intergovernmental Organisations / Gérard Krause -- Part 2. General concepts and methods -- Principles of Infectious Disease Epidemiology / Alexander Krämer, Manas Akmatov and Mirjam Kretzschmar -- Social Risk Factors / Klaus Krickeberg and David Klemperer -- Molecular Typing and Clustering Analysis as a Tool for Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases / Sylvia M. Bruisten and Leo Schouls -- Epidemiologic Surveillance / Ralf Reintjes and Klaus Krickeberg -- Outbreak Investigations / Ralf Reintjes and Aryna Zanuzdana -- Geographic Information Systems / Patrick Hostert and Oliver Gruebner -- Methods and Concepts of Epidemiology / Rafael Mikolajczyk -- Mathematical Models in Infectious Disease Epidemiology / Mirjam Kretzschmar and Jacco Wallinga -- Immunity to Infectious Diseases / Timo Ulrichs -- Principles and Practice of Vaccinology / Richard Pebody and Mirjam Kretzschmar -- Health Economics of Infectious Diseases / Robert Welte, Reiner Leidl, Wolfgang Greiner and Maarten Postma -- Part 3. Epidemiology of particular infectious diseases -- Airborne Transmission: Influenza and Tuberculosis / Timo Ulrichs -- Infectious Childhood Diarrhea in Developing Countries / Charles P. Larson, Lars Henning, Stephen Luby and Asg Faruque -- Bloodborne and Sexual Transmission: HIV/AIDS / Charlotte van den Berg, Karen Lindenburg and Roel Coutinho -- Blood Borne and Sexual Transmission: Hepatitis B and C / Freke Zuure, Susan Hahné, Thijs van de Laar, Maria Prins and Jim van Steenbergen -- Sexual Transmission: Chlamydia trachomatis / Robert E. Johnson and Stuart M. Berman -- Vector-Borne Transmission: Malaria, Dengue, and Yellow Fever / Tomas Jelinek -- Nosocomial Transmission: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) / M.J.M. Bonten and M.C.J. Bootsma -- Infectious Diseases and Cancer: HPV / Helen Trottier and Eduardo L. Franco.
- 2012 SpringerYu-Kang Tu, Darren C. Greenwood, editors.Confounding and causal path diagrams -- Statistical modelling of partially observed data using multiple imputation: principles and practice -- Measurement errors in epidemiology -- Selection bias in epidemiologic studies -- Multilevel modelling -- Modelling data that exhibit an excess number of zeros : zero-inflated models and generic mixture models -- Multilevel latent class modelling -- Bayesian bivariate disease mapping -- Multivariate random fraility effects model for multiple spatially dependent survival data -- Meta-analysis of observational studies -- Directed acyclic graphs and structural equation modelling -- Latent growth curve models -- Growth mixture modelling for life course epidemiology -- G-estimation for accelerated failure time models -- Generalised additive models -- Regression and classification trees -- Statistical interactions and gene-environment joint effects.
- 2011 ScienceDirectBetsy Foxman.The application of modern molecular genetic and biologic techniques to infectious disease epidemiology dramatically improves measurement of disease and putative risk factors increasing our ability to detect and track outbreaks, identify risk factors and detect new infectious agents. However, integration of these techniques into epidemiologic studies also poses new challenges in the design, conduct, and analysis. We examine these opportunities and methodologic challenges giving specific examples. The book will be written for the reader with limited understanding of genetics, biology and epidemiology. *Presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology *Discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct *Considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies *Provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field.
- 2016 ScienceDirectedited by Michael J. Aminoff, François Boller and Dick F. Swaab.Epidemiology for the clinical neurologist / M.E. Jacob, M. Ganguli -- Population neuroscience / T. Paus -- Advanced epidemiologic and analytical methods / E. Albanese -- Basics of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology / C.K. Barha, L.S. Nagamatsu, T. Liu-Ambrose -- Population imaging in neuroepidemiology / M.W. Vernooij, M. de Groot, D. Bos -- Use of "omics" technologies to dissect neurologic disease / G. Tosto, C. Reitz -- Neuropsychologic assessment / P. Palta, B. Snitz, M.C. Carlson -- Dementias / S.F. Sacuiu -- Epidemiology of alpha-synucleinopathies: from Parkinson disease to dementia with Lewy bodies / R. Savica, B.F. Boeve, G. Logroscino -- Epidemiology of epilepsy / S. Abramovici, A. Bagić -- The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis: insights to a causal cascade& / D.S. Goodin -- Neuroepidemiology of traumatic brain injury / A.J. Gardner, R. Zafonte -- The epidemiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis / E.O. Talbott, A.M. Malek, D. Lacomis -- Cerebrovascular disease / M.L.P. Portegies, P.J. Koudstaal, M.A. Ikram -- Peripheral neuropathies / R. Hanewinckel, M.A. Ikram, P.A. Van Doorn -- Migraine / K.R. Peck, Y.L. Johnson, T.A. Smitherman -- Neuroepidemiology of cancer and treatment-related neurocognitive dysfunction in adult-onset cancer patients and survivors / P. Jean-Pierre, B.C. McDonald -- Sickle cell disease / J. Strouse.
- 2014 SpringerHani T. S. Benamer.This book includes all the clinically relevant data on the frequencies and patterns of major neurological disorders among Arabs living in or outside the Arab world. Topics covered include stroke, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia and headache. Neurological Disorders in the Arab World is aimed at neurologists who are resident in Arab countries, as well as other physicians who encounter Arab patients, and also researchers performing neuroepidemiological studies. Those responsible for planning and implementing neurological services in Arab countries will also find this book beneficial.
- 2006 Springerby Michael Benatar.Basic principles of epidemiology and biostatistics -- Diagnosis -- Treatment -- Prognosis -- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis -- Cervical spondylosis -- Lumbar spondylosis -- Polyneuropathy -- Paraproteinemic neuropathies -- Vasculitic neuropathy -- Guillain-Barré syndrome -- Chronic-inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy -- Multifocal motor neuropathy -- Inherited neuropathies -- Carpal tunnel syndrome -- Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow -- Myasthenia gravis -- Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome -- Inflammatory myopathy -- Idiopathic hyper-CK-emia -- Statin-associated myopathy -- Metabolic myopathy -- Critical illness weakness -- Myotonic dystrophy -- Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
- 2012 SpringerSerge Morand, François Beaudeau, Jacques Cabaret, editors.Methods and tools in molecular epidemiology -- Molecular typing of bacterial pathogens: a tool for the epidemiological study and control of infectious diseases -- Contribution of population genetics -- Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics of infectious diseases -- Population genetics and molecular epidemiology of infectious diseases -- Contribution of population and evolutionary epidemiology -- Modelling the dynamics of host-parasite interactions: basic principles -- Evolution of virulence: intuitions and models -- Case studies -- Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis -- Pneumocystis molecular phylogeny: a way to understand both pneumocystosis natural histry and host taxonomy -- Hantavirus genetic diversity -- New integrations -- Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylocococci: a reservoir of mecA gene for Staphylococcus aureus -- Molecular knowledge of mechanisms of helminth resistance: importance for diagnostic and epidemiology -- Molecular epidemiology of disease resistance genes with perspectives for researches on biological invasions and hybrid zones -- How does biodiversity influence the ecology of infectious disease? -- Epidemiological interaction at the wildlife/livestock/human interface: can we anticipate emerging infectious diseases in their hotspots? A framework for understanding emerging diseases processes in their hot spots.
- 2011 CRCnetBASEedited by Nilanjana Maulik, Gautam Maulik."Extensive research on nutrigenomics has unveiled numerous epigenetic mechanisms that are influenced by our dietary signature. This book illustrates how nutrition can influence epigenetic inheritance and the mechanisms that underlie modification of the metabolic imprint of an individual. The text discusses the basics of nutrigenomics and epigenetic regulation, types of nutrition influencing genetic imprinting, and the role of nutrition in modulating an individual's predisposition to disease. It also covers epigenetic variation, genomic imprinting, maternal nutrition, neonatal nutrition, as well as epigenetics and nutrition relating to cancer, heart disease, and obesity"--Provided by publisher.Also available: Print – 2011
- 2012 SpringerAlvaro Luis Ronco, Eduardo De Stéfani [editors].
- 2013Walter Willett.Overview of nutritional epidemiology -- Foods and nutrients / Walter Willett and Laura Sampson -- Nature of variation in diet -- 24-hour recall and diet record methods / Tom Baranowski -- Food frequency methods -- Reproducibility and validity of food-frequency questionnaires / Walter Willett and Elizabeth Lenart -- Recall of remote diet -- Biochemical indicators of dietary intake / Rob M. Van Dam and David Hunter -- Anthropometric measures and body composition / Walter Willett and Frank Hu -- Assessment of physical activity in nutritional epidemiology / Frank Hu -- Implications of total energy intake for epidemiologic analyses -- Correction for the effects of measurement error -- Issues in analysis and presentation of dietary data -- Genetics in dietary analyses -- Nutrition monitoring and surveillance / Tim Byers and Rebecca L. Sedjo -- Policy applications -- Vitamin A and lung cancer / Walter Willett and Graham Colditz -- Dietary fat and breast cancer -- Diet and coronary heart disease / Walter Willett and Meir Stampfer -- Folic acid and neural tube defects / Walter Willett and Elizabeth Lenart -- Future research directions.
- Objective monitoring of physical activity : contributions of accelerometry to epidemiology, exercise science and rehabilitation2016 SpringerRoy J. Shephard, Catrine Tudor-Locke, editors.1. Physical activity and optimal health: the callenge to epidemiology -- 2. A history of physical activity measurement in epidemiology -- 3. Outputs available from objective monitors -- 4. Protocols for data collection, management and treatment -- 5. Resources for data interpretation and reporting -- 6. New information on population activity patterns revealed by objective monitoring -- 7. Can the epidemiologist learn more from sedentary behaviour than from the measurement of physical activity? -- 8. New perspectives on activity/ disease relationships yielded by objective monitoring -- 9. Excessive appetite vs. inadequate physical activity in the pathology of obesity: evidence from objective monitoring -- 10. Objective monitoring and the challenge of defining dose/response relationships for the prevention of chronic disease -- 11. The economic benefits of increased physical activity as seen through an objective lens -- 12. Limitations of current objective monitors and opportunities to overcome these problems -- 13. Objective measurement in physical activity surveillance: present role and future potential -- 14. Self-report and direct measures of health: bias and implications -- 15. Conclusions and future directions.
- 2013 Wileyedited by Robert Dingwall, Lily M. Hoffman and Karen Staniland.
- 2009 SpringerMelissa M. Adams ... [et al.].Introduction / Melisa M. Adams -- Reproductive Health Issues / Melisa M. Adams -- Maternal Morbidity / Melisa M. Adams -- Maternal Mortality / Melisa M. Adams -- Infant Morbidity / Melisa M. Adams -- The Continuum of Reproductive Loss from Pregnancy Through Infancy / Melisa M. Adams -- Birth Weight, Gestational Duration, and Fetal Growth / Melisa M. Adams -- Conclusion / Melisa M. Adams.
- 2007 SpringerDavid G. Kleinbaum, Kevin Sullivan, Nancy Barker.
- Population-based research in South Wales : the MRC pneumoconiosis research unit and the MRC epidemiology unit2002 Wellcomeedited by A.R. Ness, L.A. Reynolds, E.M. Tansey.
- 2016 Oxford Medicine OnlineKatherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.'Population Health Science' formalizes an emerging discipline at the crossroads of social and medical sciences, demography, and economics-an emerging approach to population studies that represents a seismic shift in how traditional health sciences measure and observe health events.
- 2013 SpringerTomáš Paus.Terms and Concepts -- History of the Key Disciplines -- Enviromics -- Genomics -- Epigenomics -- Molecular Phenomics -- Systems Phenomics -- Cohorts -- Challenges -- Personalized Preventive Medicine.
- 2011 SpringerThis revised Sixth edition of "Procedures to Investigate Foodborne Illness" is designed to guide public health personnel or teams in any country that investigates reports of alleged foodborne illnesses. It is a companion to another manual published by the IAFP, "Procedures to Investigate Waterborne Illness". These two manuals are based on epidemiologic principles and investigative techniques that have been found effective in determining causal factors of disease incidence. This edition describes procedures to: Plan, prepare, investigate and respond to intentional contaminat.
- 2012 SpringerYoshibumi Nakane.pt. 1. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology -- Definition and Historical Review of Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology -- The Foundation of Psychiatric Epidemiology Research -- Introduction -- pt. 2. Findings on Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology in Japan -- Activities of the Department of Neuropsychiatry Nagasaki University School of Medicine, as a World Health Organization Collaborating Center -- Studies on Schizophrenia -- Studies on Affective Disorders -- Studies on Patient with Affective Disorders in General Practice -- Development from Atomic Bomb Diseases to Survivors' Mental Health Support: Findings on Disaster Psychiatry.
- 2010 SpringerManuel Posada de la Paz, Stephen C. Groft, editors.Rare diseases-avoiding misperceptions and establishing realities : the need for reliable epidemiological data / Stephen C. Groft and Manuel Posada de la Paz -- Rare diseases epidemiology research / Manuel Posada de la Paz ... [et al.] -- Evidence-based medicine and rare diseases / Simon Day -- Prevention, diagnosis, and services / Eva Bermejo and María Luisa Martínez-Frías -- The importance of case reports in advancing scientific knowledge of rare diseases / John C. Carey -- Patient registries : utility, validity, and inference / Rachel Richesson and Kendra Vehik -- Biobanking in rare disorders / Hanns Lochmüller and Peter Schneiderat -- Evaluation of the validity and utility of genetic testing for rare diseases / Scott D. Grosse, Lisa Kalman, and Muin J. Khoury -- Population-based surveillance for rare congenital and inherited disorders : models and challenges / Jodi M. Jackson, Krista S. Crider, and Richard S. Olney -- Statistical methods for the geographical analysis of rare diseases / Virgilio Gómez-Rubio and Antonio López-Quílez -- Clinical trials and rare diseases / Joachim Werner Otto Gerss and Wolfgang Köpcke -- A regulatory overview about rare diseases / Jordi Llinares -- Economic considerations in the provision of treatments for rare diseases / Christopher McCabe, Richard Edlin, and Jeff Round -- Rare diseases social epidemiology : analysis of inequalities / Anna Kole and François Faurisson -- Quality of life and rare diseases / Luis Rajmil, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, and Michael Herdman -- Cost of illness and economic evaluation in rare diseases / Julio López-Bastida and Juan Oliva-Moreno -- The burden of rare cancers in Europe / Gemma Gatta ... [et al.] -- Hereditary channelopathies in neurology / Karin Jurkat-Rott ... [et al.] -- Osteochondral diseases and fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva / Antonio Morales-Piga and Frederick S. Kaplan -- The prevalence of congenital anomalies in Europe / Helen Dolk, Maria Loane, and Ester Garne -- Rare autoimmune diseases / Arrigo Schieppati and Erica Daina -- Epidemiology of rare anaemias in Europe / Beatrice Gulbis ... [et al.] -- Inherited metabolic rare disease / Teresa Pampols -- The contribution of rare diseases to understanding the epidemiology of neurodevelopmental disabilities / Diana Schendel, Catherine Rice, and Christopher Cunniff -- Creating a European Union framework for actions in the field of rare diseases / Antoni Montserrat Moliner -- National plans and strategies on rare diseases in Europe / Domenica Taruscio, Luciano Vittozzi, and Rumen Stefanov -- Ethical aspects on rare diseases / Luis A. Barrera and Gilberto Cely Galindo -- Advocacy groups and their role in rare diseases research / Mary Dunkle, Wayne Pines, and Peter L. Saltonstall.Also available: Print – 2010
- 2012Sabina Stefania Alistar.Operations research and mathematical modeling can play a key role in informing high-cost, high-impact health policy decisions. This dissertation describes my research on resource allocation for infectious disease control. Resource allocation is especially difficult in this context because epidemics are nonlinear (preventing one infection now may prevent scores of future infections); interventions usually do not have additive effects; the relationship between investment and outcomes is generally nonlinear and epidemics vary across settings in terms of transmission modes and key risk groups. Hence, the problem of resource allocation for epidemic control is complex and cannot be solved by intuition alone. Decision makers have little guidance in choosing investment portfolios that will provide the maximum health benefits for their particular setting. In Chapter 1, I discuss the gap between the theory and the practice of resource allocation for epidemic control, and identify the key features necessary for a model to be useful in practice. In theoretical work presented in Chapter 2, I address the gap between epidemiological measures and the resource allocation decision. I present a new theoretical framework that quantifies the effects of investment in treatment and prevention interventions on a key epidemiological parameter, the reproductive rate of infection, which measures an outbreak's potential for becoming an epidemic. The approach uses production functions to account for nonlinearities of intervention scale-up effects. I develop analytical results characterizing the optimal solution and present illustrative examples with data for Uganda and Russia. I also present a simple structural estimation technique for evaluating the shape of production functions based on real-world data. In Chapter 3 I develop a dynamic compartmental model of interventions for HIV control in mixed HIV epidemics. I apply the model to analyze the tradeoffs between scaling up methadone substitution therapy for injection drug users and antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infected individuals in Ukraine, a representative case. I show that methadone is an economically attractive option for HIV control, and that excluding drug users from HIV programs significantly limits the benefits that can be obtained by scaling up these interventions. In Chapter 4 I describe a spreadsheet-based planning tool I have created in collaboration with the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The REACH (Resource Allocation for Control of HIV) model is designed for use by planners around the world in evaluating investment portfolios for HIV control. The tool is easy to use, includes optimization capability, and accounts for non-additive and nonlinear effects of interventions. I present illustrative implementation of the model for three settings (Uganda, Ukraine and Saint Petersburg, Russia). I also describe my ongoing work with UNAIDS decision makers to test and implement the model for regional and country-level HIV resource allocation. I conclude in Chapter 5 with remarks on the significance of the work and directions for future research.
- 2012 SpringerPatricia O'Campo, James R. Dunn, editors.Explanations, philosophy and theory in health inequalities research: towards a critical realist approach -- Values and social epidemiologic research -- Population-based data and community empowerment -- Differences that matter -- Context -- Place-based stress and chronic disease: a systems view of environmental determinants -- How goes the neighbourhood? Rethinking neighbourhoods and health research in social epidemiology -- Application of two schools of social theory to neighbourhood, place and health research -- Locating politics in social epidemiology -- Research tools in action -- Structural violence and structural vulnerability within the risk environment: theoretical and methodological perspectives for a social epidemiology of HIV risk among injection drug users and sex workers -- Realist review methods for complex health problems -- Addressing health equalities in social epidemiology: learning from evaluation(s) -- Making a difference -- Knowledge translation and social epidemiology: taking power, politics and values seriously -- Community-academic partnerships and social change -- Producing more relevant evidence: applying a social epidemiology research agenda to public health practice.
- 2009 CRCnetBASEPoh Chin Lai, Fun Mun So, Ka Wing Chan.GIS concepts and operations -- GIS and geographic data -- Spatial analysis software and methods -- Point pattern methods of disease analysis -- Areal methods of disease analysis -- Interpolation and associative analysis -- Initiating a GIS project in spatial epidemiology -- Current GIS research in health care and disease analyses.
- 2010 WileyAndreas Ziegler and Inke R. König.Molecular genetics -- Formal genetics -- Genetic markers -- Data quality -- Genetic map distances -- Family studies -- Twin and adoption studies -- Model-based linkage analysis -- Model-free linkage analysis -- Quantitative traits -- Fundamental concepts of association analyses -- Association analysis in unrelated individuals -- Family-based association analysis -- Haplotypes in association analyses -- Genome-wide Association (GWA) studies.
- 2012 CRCnetBASEYu-Kang Tu, Mark S. Gilthorpe."While biomedical researchers may be able to follow instructions in the manuals accompanying the statistical software packages, they do not always have sufficient knowledge to choose the appropriate statistical methods and correctly interpret their results. Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology examines common methodological and statistical problems in the use of correlation and regression in medical and epidemiological research: mathematical coupling, regression to the mean, collinearity, the reversal paradox, and statistical interaction. Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology is about thinking statistically when looking at problems in epidemiology. The authors focus on several methods and look at them in detail: specific examples in epidemiology illustrate how different model specifications can imply different causal relationships amongst variables, and model interpretation is undertaken with appropriate consideration of the context of implicit or explicit causal relationships. This book is intended for applied statisticians and epidemiologists, but can also be very useful for clinical and applied health researchers who want to have a better understanding of statistical thinking. Throughout the book, statistical software packages R and Stata are used for general statistical modeling, and Amos and Mplus are used for structural equation modeling"--Provided by publisher.
- Trends in the leading causes of death : gender disparities by race and ethnicity, California, 1990-2001.2004Also available: Print – 2004
- 2016 SpringerGiuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, editor.1 Evidence hierarchy -- 2 From qualitative reviews to umbrella reviews -- 3 Umbrella reviews, overviews of reviews, meta-epidemiologic studies: similarities and differences -- 4 Designing the review -- 5 Registering the review -- 6 Searching evidence -- 7 Abstracting evidence -- 8 Appraising evidence -- 9 Synthesizing evidence -- 10 Appraising moderators and confounders -- 11 State of the art reporting -- 12 Case study in anesthesiology and intensive care -- 13 Case study in basic research -- 14 Case study in cardiovascular disease -- 15 Case study in dermatology -- 16 Case study in oncology -- 17 Case study in radiology -- 18 Case study in surgery -- 19 Moving from evidence to action -- 20 Avenues for further research -- 21 Conclusion.
- 2011 SpringerO.S. Miettinen.Pt. 1. Philosophical propedeutics -- pt. 2. Theory of clinical medicine -- pt. 3. Theory of clinical research -- pt. 4. Contemporary realities in clinical research -- pt. 5. Epilogue on major improvements in clinical medicine -- pt. 6. Appendices.
- 2009 ScienceDirectedited by Alan D.T. Barrett, Lawrence R. Stanberry.
- 2014 SpringerR.A. Kaslow, L.R. Stanberry, J.W. LeDuc (eds.).Striking changes have occurred in the world since the publication of the last edition of Viral Infections of Humans. The global population is rapidly approaching 8 billion; climate change is leading to the introduction of new hosts, vectors and virus diseases heretofore never seen in many parts of the world; technological advances have revolutionized the ability to recognize and characterize viruses new and old; vaccines are altering the epidemiological landscape of the diseases they target, in some cases raising the hope of their eradication; and remarkably powerful computational tools are enabling not only detection of outbreaks of disease much sooner than in the past but also, through complex mathematical modeling, more accurate prediction of their potential impact. The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans captures both the excitement and frustration of the dynamic struggle between humankind and the viruses that continue to cause immense suffering. It presents the latest concepts, methods, and technologies in epidemiology, detection, investigation, modeling, and intervention. Updated and entirely new chapters by dozens of experts across the field provide analytic summaries of current knowledge of viruses and prions causing acute syndromes, chronic illnesses, and/or malignancies. In sum, this ambitiously expanded volume offers a uniquely comprehensive perspective on viruses in humans, from agents of classic diseases (e.g., hepatitis, measles, polio, rabies, and yellow fever), to those with greatest pandemic impact (e.g., influenza and human immunodeficiency virus), to those discovered relatively recently (e.g., henipavirus, metapneumovirus, and norovirus). The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans is an invaluable reference for students, fellows and established professionals in the fields of microbiology, public health and infectious disease epidemiology, medicine, and health policy.
- 2012 SpringerCathy Banwell, Dorothy Broom, Anna Davies, Jane Dixon.The Big Australian: Obesity in the Modern World -- An Intergenerational Study Design -- From Habit to Choice: Transformations in Family Dining Over Three Generations -- How Convenience Is Shaping Australian Diets: The Disappearing Dessert -- From Sociable Leisure to Exhaustion: A Tale of Two Revolutions -- Fitness Marginalises Fun and Friendship -- The Rise of Automobility -- The Weight of Time: From Full to Fragmented in 50 Years -- Social Forces Shaping Life Chances and Life Choices -- Restoring Coherence to a Stressed Social System / Cathy Banwell, Dorothy Broom, Anna Davies, Jane Dixon.
- 2012 WHO
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- Surgical Exposures in Orthopaedics
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