Lane Medical Library

Books by Subject

all 123 titles

Environmental Health

  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2008
    Print2008
  • Digital
    edited by Grant N. Pierce, Volodymyr I. Mizin and Alexander Omelchenko.
    Springer2013
    "The probability for exposure to damaging radiation, toxic chemicals in the environment and adverse biological agents has increased exponentially today. The more frequent and faster travel that we experience today also escalates the risk of contraction and transmission of potentially deadly infections. This has created a very real and escalating risk for injuries and deaths. This is accentuated in the military and medical staff that is more frequently exposed to radiological, chemical, and biological agents in their normal working environment. Understanding the mechanisms whereby these toxic agents inflict damage to our bodies is essential to prepare us for these challenges. Much of the damage is inflicted through the generation of free radicals and non-radical oxidants which then act through oxidative mechanisms to injury the body. This volume will discuss the damage caused by these radiological, chemical, and biological environmental stressors, the mechanisms through which the damage can occur and the novel strategies that can be used to reduce the injury inflicted by these toxic compounds. Using basic and clinical research approaches, the contents of this book discuss new ideas for the development of bioactive products and environmental approaches to lessen or negate the biological damage inflicted by these noxious compounds."--Publisher's website.
  • Digital
    edited by Bengt Fadeel, Antonio Pietroiusti, Anna A. Shvedova.
    ScienceDirect2012
    A. Engineered nanomaterials: hazard, exposure and safety assessment. Interactions with the human body / Renato Colognato ... [et al.] -- Exposure assessment / Antonio Bergamaschi, Ivo Iavicoli and Kai Savolainen -- Biomonitoring / Enrico bergamaschi and Andrea Magrini -- Critical evaluation of toxicity tests / Maria Dusinska ... [et al.] -- Computational approaches / Vidana Epa, Dave Winkler and Lang Tran -- Regulation and legislation / Maureen R. Gwinn and Birgit Sokull-Klüttgen -- B. Engineered nanomaterials: impact on human health. Respiratory system / Ken Donaldson and Craig Poland -- Cardiovascular system / Jennifer B. Raftis, Nicholas L. Mills and Rodger Duffin -- Neurological system / Sandra Ceccatelli and Giuseppe Bardi -- Immune system / Diana Boraschi and Albert Duschl -- Skin / Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere and Francesca Larese Filon -- Gastrointestinal tract / Mark A. Jepson -- Reproductive toxicity / Karin Sørig Hougaard and Luisa Campagnolo -- Genotocicity and cancer / Shareen H. Doak, Ying Liu and Chunying Chen -- C. Biomedical applications of engineered nanomaterials. Diagnostic applications / Kalcheng and Zhen Cheng -- Therapeutic applications / Cyrill Bussy ... [et al.] -- Annex: synthesis of engineered nanomaterials / Muhammet S. toprak, Gulaim A. Seisenbaeva and Vadim G. Kessler.
  • Digital
    edited by Bengt Fadeel, Antonio Pietroiusti, Anna A. Shvedova.
    ScienceDirect2017
    Bio-nano interactions / Dana Westmeier, Shirley K. Knauer, Roland H. Stauber, Dominic Docter -- Physicochemical characterization / Kristen Rasmussen, Hubert Rauscher, Agnieszka Mech -- Toxicity tests / Maria Dusinska, Elise Rundén-Pran, Jürgen Schnekenburger, Jun Kanno -- Computational approaches / Tu C. Le, Vidana Epa, Lang Tran, Dave Winkler -- Exposure Assessment / Kai Savolainen, Antonio Pietroiusti -- Biomonitoring / Enrico Bergamaschi, Irirna Guseva Canu, Adriele Prina-Mello, Regulation and legislation / Kirsten Rasmussen, Brigit Sokull-Klüttgen, IL Je Yu, Jun Kanno, Akihiro Hirose, Maureen R. Gwinn -- Risk assessment and risk management / Robert Landsiedel, Ursula G. Sauer, Wim H De Jong -- Respiratory system, part one / Craig A. Plooand, Ken Donaldson -- Respiratory system, part two / Harri Alenius, Michael R. Shurin, Galina V. Shurin, Don Beezhold, Anna A. Shvedova -- Cardiovascular system / Jennifer B. Raftis, Nicholas L. Mills, Rodger Duffin -- Neurological system / Myrtill Simkó, Mats-olof Mattsson, Robert A. Yokel -- Immune system / Diana Boraschi, Bengt Fadeel, Albert Duschl -- Endorine system / Xuefei Lu, Yong Zhu, Tao Zhu -- Skin / Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere, Francesca Larese Filon -- Gastrointestinal system / Mark A. Jepson, Hans Bouwmeester -- Reproduction and development / Luisa Campagnolo, Karin S. Hougard -- Genotoxicitiy and cancer / Shareen H. Doak, Ying Liu, Chunying Chen.
  • Digital
    edited by Kurt Straif, Aaron Cohen, and Jonathan Samet.
    IARC2013
    Introduction -- Geographical distribution of air pollutants -- Characterizing exposures to atmospheric carcinogens -- Combustion emissions -- Sources of air pollution: gasoline and diesel engines -- Household use of biomass fuels -- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air and cancer -- Hazardous air pollutants: approaches and challenges in identigying assessment priorities -- Household air pollution -- Using experimental data to evaluate the carcinogenicity of mixtures in air pollution -- Mechanistic considerations for air pollution and lung cancer: genotoxicity and molecular biomarker data from experimental and human studies -- Biomarkers of air pollution: DNA and protein adducts -- Combined effect of air pollution with other agents.
  • Digital
    Ruoting Jiang.
    Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) has been associated with a number of health outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary malfunction, lung cancer, and mortality. To protect public health, over 100 countries have adopted comprehensive or partial legislations against smoking. In the United States, California was the first state to enact a statewide ban on smoking in indoor workplaces in 1994. However, due to the sovereign nation status of California Indian tribes, smoking is still allowed and exposure to SHS continues in nearly all California Indian casinos. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a major component of SHS pollution, and has been implicated as a risk factor for a range of chronic and acute diseases. The EPA's reference method for quantifying PM2.5 mass concentrations uses filter-based gravimetric samplers, which must be operated for many hours to collect enough sample. Since the gravimetric approach cannot measure short-term variations in PM2.5 levels, many personal exposure and environmental monitoring studies have employed real-time monitors for measuring PM2.5 concentrations. However, real-time monitors require proper calibration to accurately represent particle mass concentrations. This study characterized PM2.5 concentrations with real-time SidePak particle monitors in a large sample of California Indian casinos, spanning all sizes and distributed widely across the state. By comparing the SidePak measurements with the standard gravimetric method, we first calibrated the SidePak monitors for different types of aerosols commonly encountered indoors and outdoors, including SHS. We then modeled the response of SidePak monitors to SHS for a range of relative humidity levels. Finally, we designed a systematic casino monitoring protocol, using the calibrated real-time monitors, to examine PM2.5 concentrations in a field survey of 36 California Indian casinos and 8 Reno casinos.
  • Digital/Print
    IOMC, Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals.
    Digital : WHO2013
    Print2013
  • Digital
    NLM2016
  • Digital
    World Health Organization.
    WHO2016
    This report presents a summary of methods and results of the latest World Health Organization (WHO) global assessment of ambient air pollution exposure and the resulting burden of disease. To date, air pollution -- both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) -- is the biggest environmental risk to health, carrying responsibility for about one in every nine deaths annually. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution alone kills around 3 million people each year, mainly from noncommunicable diseases. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and people's quality of life; it is a public health emergency. Interventions and policies for tackling air pollution issues exist and have been proven to be effective. Air pollution has also been identified as a global health priority in the sustainable development agenda. The role of the health sector is crucial, and there is a need to engage with other sectors to maximize the co-benefits of health, climate, environment, social and development. Saving people's lives is the overarching aim to implement policies aiming at tackling air pollution in the health, transport, energy, and urban development sectors.
  • Digital
    Guang-Hui Dong, editor.
    Springer2017
    This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.
  • Digital
    [edited] by Patricia L. Keen, Raphaël Fugère.
    Wiley2018
    Antimicrobial resistance genes and wastewater treatment / Mehrnoush Mohammadali and Julian Davies -- When pathogens and environmental organisms meet : consequences for antibiotic resistance / Jose Luis Martinez and Fernando Baquero -- One health : the role wastewater treatment plants play as reservoirs, amplifiers, and transmitters of antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotic resistant bacteria / Marilyn C. Roberts -- Assessing the impact of wastewater treatment plants on environmental levels of antibiotic resistance / Jessica Williams-Nguyen, Irene Bueno, and Randall S. Singer -- Navigating through the challenges associated with the analysis of antimicrobials and their transformation products in wastewater / Randolph R. Singh, Rachel A Mullen and Diana S. Aga -- Metagenomic approaches for antibiotic resistance gene detection in wastewater treatment plants / Ying Yang and Tong Zhang -- Antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistant bacteria in Australia / Andrew J. Watkinson and Simon D. Costanzo -- The mobile resistome in wastewater treatment facilities and downstream environments / Roberto B.M. Marano and Eddie Cytryn -- Bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater treatment plant influents and effluents / Veiko Voolaid, Erica Donner, Sotirios Vasileiadis, and Thomas U. Berendonk -- The effect of advanced treatment technologies on the removal of antibiotic resistance -- Popi karaolia, Stella Michael, and Despo Fatta-Kassinos -- Antimicrobial resistance spread mediated by wastewater irrigation: the Mezquital Valley case study / Melanie Broszat and Elisabeth Grohmann -- Antimicrobial resistance related to agricultural wastewater and biosolids / Lisa M. Durso and Amy Millmier Schmidt -- Environmental antibiotic resistance associated with land application of biosolids / Jean E. Mclain, Channah M. Rock, and Charles P. Gerba -- High throughput method for analyzing antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater treatment plants / Johanna Muurinen, Antti Karkman, and Marko Virta -- Antibiotic resistance and wastewater treatment process / Thi Thuy Do, Sinéad Murphy, and Fiona Walsh -- Antibiotic pollution and occurrence of bacterial antibiotic resistance genes in Latin American developing countries : case study of the Katari watershed in the Bolivian highlands / Denisse Archundia, Celine Duwig, Jean M.F. Martins, Frederic Lehembre, Marie-Christine Morel, and Gabriela Flores -- Antimicrobial resistance in hospital wastewaters / Judith Isaac-Renton and Patricia L. Keen -- Curbing the resistance movement : examining public perception of the spread of antibiotic resistant organisms / Agnes V. Macdonald and Patricia L. keen -- Public health consequences of antimicrobial resistance in the wastewater treatment process / Patricia L. Keen, Raphaël Fugère, and David M. Patrick.
  • Digital
    edited by Suresh C. Sikka, Wayne J.G. Hellstrom.
    ScienceDirect2017
    Bioenvironmental Issues Affecting Men's Reproductive and Sexual Health is structured into two parts related to men's reproductive and sexual health with eight sections designed to enable a logical flow of such knowledge. The book is focused on the biology of key organs involved in male reproduction and the environmental influences affecting their functions with particular emphasis on clinical aspects. Individual chapters within the book range from basic to translational aspects, but all hold clinical relevance. This is an essential reference for those working and learning in the field of human reproduction, reproductive toxicology and environmental influences on reproductive and sexual health.
  • Digital
    Takemi Otsuki, Yasuo Yoshioka, Andrij Holian, editors.
    Springer2016
    This volume examines our current understanding of the biological effects of fibrous and particulate substances, including discussions on nanoparticles. It offers comprehensive information on the latest insights into the immunological effects of various irritants on the human body. Readers will benefit from the contributing authors' diverse perspectives and extensive discussions of key issues, which include molecular alterations of the immune system and autoimmune diseases in connection with asbestos and silica, among others. The chapters also discuss recommendations, practical methods, and nanosafety science in situations involving exposure to nanotoxic substances. Edited in collaboration with the Japanese Society for Hygiene, this book provides up-to-date information on the immunological effects of nanotoxic substances to researchers interested in environmental and occupational health. Presenting a number of recent concepts and findings in the field, it enables readers to gain a comprehensive knowledge of health problems caused by environmental fibrous and particulate substances.
  • Digital
    report of the Interagency Breast Cancer and Environmental Research Coordinating Committee (IBCERCC).
    NIEHS2013
    The large and increasing burden of breast cancer demands innovative research and bold new approaches to uncover the intricate combination of factors inside and outside the body that lead to the disease. Based on our review of the state of the science, current programs and investments by federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and relevant communication efforts and policies, the IBCERCC offers seven recommendations to highlight the urgent need for coordinated, targeted efforts to identify and mitigate the environmental causes of breast cancer.
  • Digital
  • Digital
    Kai-Chung Cheng.
    Near an active indoor emission source, air pollutant levels are elevated and highly-variable, due to non-instantaneous mixing -- this causes great uncertainty in estimating a person's exposure level. This research investigated the magnitude and variability of short-term exposures close to an active point source inside 2 homes, under a range of natural ventilation conditions. The findings from a newly-developed monitor signal reconstruction method were applied to measurements from 30-37 real-time monitors to capture the spatial and temporal variations of concentrations over 30-min CO tracer gas releases. For 11 experiments involving 2 houses, with natural ventilation conditions ranging from < 0.2 to > 5 air changes per h, an eddy diffusion model was used to determine the turbulent diffusion coefficients. The air change rate showed a significant positive linear correlation with the air mixing rate, defined as the turbulent diffusion coefficient divided by a squared length scale representing the room size. To predict the magnitude of exposure close to an active source, an indoor dispersion model was formulated, invoking the theory of random walk, and incorporating the physical processes of anisotropic turbulent diffusion, removal of the air pollutant, and air pollutant wall reflection. Then, to capture the variability of concentrations in close proximity to an active source, a new piece-wise random walk algorithm was developed to stochastically simulate the transient directionality of emitted plume. The distribution of different exposure cases generated using this model reasonably covered the range of experimental measurements collected in 2 houses, while preserving ensemble averages satisfying the principle of Fickian diffusion.
  • Digital
    Viviana Acevedo-Bolton.
    A total of 68 experiments were conducted in two homes under natural ventilation rates ranging from 0.2 -- 5.4 air exchanges per hour, each involving 12 to 37 real-time carbon monoxide (CO) or particulate matter (PM2.5) monitors placed in proximity (0.25 -- 5.0 m) to a controlled stationary point source. Concentrations measured in close proximity (within 1 m) to the source were highly variable, with 5-min averages that typically varied by > 100-fold. This variability was due to short-duration (< 10 s) pollutant concentration peaks ("microplumes") that were frequently recorded in close proximity to the source -- for PM2.5, these peaks often exceeded 1000 ug/m3. Compared with concentrations predicted assuming uniform, instantaneous mixing within the room, average concentrations measured within 0.25 m of the source were 6 -- 20 times as high. As distance from the active source increased the ratio of measured concentration to the well-mixed prediction decreased. For most cases, ratios approached 1 (well-mixed) at distances of 3 -- 5 m from the source. Air change rate and vertical distance from source to receptor were two factors that affected horizontal concentration profiles. Under natural ventilation conditions, as air change rate increased, the concentrations close to the source became more elevated, magnifying the proximity effect. Mechanical ventilation increased mixing in the room, and resulted in a diminished proximity effect. Vertical mixing of the pollutant was even more hindered, due to temperature stratifications present in the rooms -- the concentrations more than 0.5 m vertically from the height of a nonbuoyant plume rapidly approached the well-mixed prediction. For buoyant stationary plumes, such as emissions from a smoldering cigarette or stick of incense, the height of maximum concentrations was typically 0.5 -- 1 m above the source, due to plume rise. The rise of a buoyant plume was more limited under natural than mechanical ventilation conditions, presumably due to less temperature stratification. For an actual smoker, where both highly buoyant sidestream smoke and less buoyant exhaled mainstream smoke were generated, and where the cigarette was moved around by the smoker, emissions were dispersed over a broader vertical extent. However, for 20 indoor experiments involving 2-4 people sitting in close proximity to an active smoker, the magnitude of the proximity effect within 0.5 -- 1 m was comparable to measurements for the stationary nonbuoyant source experiments.
  • Print
    William J. Rea.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    v. 3. Clinical manifestations of pollutant overload -- v. 4. Tools of diagnosis and methods of treatment.
  • Digital
    Yukio Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Yoshino, Satoshi Ishikawa, Mikio Miyata.
    TandFonline2017
    Chapter 1. Present state of chemical sensitivity / Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 2. Effects of chemical sensitivity on patients' daily lives / Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 3. Promoting understanding of chemical sensitivity / Satoshi Ishikawa and Mikio Miyata -- Chapter 4. Medical facts / Mikio Miyata, Kou Sakabe, and Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 5. Diagnosis / Satoshi Ishikawa and Mikio Miyata -- Chapter 6. Treatment of patients with chemical sensitivity / Mikio Miyata and Satoshi Ishikawa -- Chapter 7. Chemical sensitivity in children / Kazuhiko Kakuta -- Chapter 8. Multiple chemical sensitivity : medical aspects from Germany / Klaus-Dietrich Runow -- Chapter 9. Emission rate of chemical compounds in the building products and materials / Shin-ichi Tanabe -- Chapter 10. Ventilation strategies for each kind of building and statutory regulations / Haruki Osawa and Masaki Tajima -- Chapter 11. Ventilation, air-tightness, and air pollution / Hiroshi Yoshino and Rie Takaki -- Chapter 12. Chemical features of indoor pollutants and current regulation / Naohide Shinohara -- Chapter 13. Methods for measurement of indoor pollution / Atsushi Mizukoshi -- Chapter 14. The current situation and shift in approaches to indoor air pollution / Miyuki Noguchi -- Chapter 15. Investigation of indoor environments and occupants' health in sick houses / Hiroshi Yoshino, Sachiko Hojo, and Rie Takaki -- Chapter 16. Round table discussion / Yukio Yanagisawa.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
  • Digital
    author: Nicolas Rees.
  • Digital
    Inka Weissbecker, editor.
    Springer2011
    ch. 1. Introduction : climate change and human well-being / Inka Weissbecker -- Part I. The impact of climate change -- ch. 2. The threat of climate change : psychological response, adaptation, and impacts / Joseph P. Reser, Shirley A. Morrissey, and Michelle Ellul -- ch. 3. Chronic environmental change : emerging 'psychoterratic' syndromes / Glenn Albrecht -- ch. 4. Extreme weather-related events : implications for mental health and well-being / David M. Simpson, Inka Weissbecker, and Sandra E. Sephton -- ch. 5. Humanitarian crisis : the need for cultural competence and local capacity building / Inka Weissbecker and Jennifer Czincz -- ch. 6. Security and conflict : the impact of climate change / Chad Michael Briggs and Inka Weissbecker -- Part II. Specific populations -- ch. 7. Women and climate change : vulnerabilities and challenges / Anita L. Wenden -- ch. 8. Climate change refugees / Michael Hollifield, Mind Thompson Fullilove, and Stevan E. Hobfoll -- Part III. Guidance and recommendations -- ch. 9. Resilience, spirituality and postraumatic growth : reshaping the effects of climate change / Tamasin Ramsay and Lenore Manderson -- ch. 10. Climate change, resilience and transformation : challenges and opportunities for local communities / Taegen Edwards and John Wiseman -- ch. 11. conclusions : implications for practice, policy, and further research / Inka Weissbecker.
  • Digital
    Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Andrew J. Ghio, Lisa A. Maier, editors.
    Springer2012
    Historical Perspective of Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease / Paul David Blanc MD, MSPH -- The Occupational and Environmental History / Lawrence C. Mohr Jr. -- Use of Laboratory Tests in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Jean-Luc Malo -- Radiography and CT of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases /; Philip C. Goodman --; Environmental and Occupational Causes of Asthma / Marcos Ribeiro, Susan M. Tarlo -- Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis / Lawrence Ho, Ware G. Kuschner -- Air Pollution and Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Ellen Volker -- Unanswered Questions Regarding Asbestos Exposure: Concerns for the Next Generation / Daniel E. Banks -- Pneumoconiosis in the Twenty-First Century / Andrew J. Ghio -- Inhalation Injury / David J. Prezant, Dorsett D. Smith -- Hard Metal Lung Disease / Toshinori Takada, Hiroshi Moriyama -- Beryllium Disease / John Ferguson, Margaret M. Mroz -- Occupational Lung Cancer / Ignatius T. S. Yu, Lap-Ah Tse, Hong Qiu -- COPD in Non-smokers / K. B. Hubert Lam, Om P. Kurmi, Jon G. Ayres -- Emerging Issues in Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang -- Disability Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Clayton T. Cowl -- Global Impact of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Eric D. Amster, David C. Christiani.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2011
    Print2011
    Part A. Report of WHO expert consultation on DDT rish characterization -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Consensus statement -- Part B. Hazard and exposure assessments -- 1. Summary and conclusions -- 2. Chemical identity -- 3. Exposure sources and metrics -- 4. Kinetics and metabolism -- 5. Hepatic effects and enzyme induction -- 6. Neurotoxicity -- 7. Immunotoxicity -- 8. Carcinogenicity -- 9. Genotoxicity -- 10. Endocrinological and reproductive effects -- 11. Hazard characterization -- 12. Exposure assessment.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
  • Digital
    edited by E.M. Jones and E M Tansey.
    Wellcome Trust2015
  • Digital
    edited by Arnold Schecter.
    Wiley2012
    Persistent organic pollutants : an overview / Daniele Wikoff, Lauren Fitzgerald, Linda Birnbaum Toxic equivalency factors (TEFS) for dioxin and related compounds / Michael DeVito Historic and newer persistent organic pollutants (POPS) in U.S. food / Janice Huwe -- Flame retardants : PBDES and their replacements / Thomas Webster, Heather Stapleton -- Pharmacokinetics of TCDD and related compounds / James Olson -- Immunomodulation by persistent organic pollutants / Robert Luebke [and others] -- Developmental neurotoxicity of dioxins / G. Jean Harry, Pamela J. Lein -- Epidemiological evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) / Kyle Steenland, Tony Fletcher, David Savitz -- Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans / Kurunthachalam Kannan, Chunyang Liao, Hyo-Bang Moon -- Epidemiological studies on cancer and exposure to dioxin and related compounds / Lennart Hardell, Mikeal Eriksson -- Reproductive and developmental epidemiology of dioxins -- Anne Sweeney [and others] -- Bisphenol A / Thaddeus Shug [and others] -- Phthalates : human exposure and related health effects / John D. Meeker, Kelly K. Ferguson -- The seveso accident / Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Pier Alberto Bertazzi -- Agent orange : long term health and environmental impact in Vietnam / Susan Hammond, Arnold Schecter -- The yusho and yucheng rice oil poisoning incidents / Yoshito Masuda, Arnold Schecter -- The Binghamtom New York electrical transformer fire incident of 1981 / Nancy Kim, Arnold Schecter -- The Yushchenko dioxin poisoning : chronology and pharmacokinetics / John Jake Ryan -- Human health risk assessment of POPS / David Szabo, Anne E. Loccisano.
  • Digital
    David Michaels.
    ProQuest Ebook Central2008
    The manufacture of doubt -- Workplace cancer before OSHA : waiting for the body count -- America demands protection -- Why our children are smarter than we are -- The Enronization of science -- Tricks of the trade : how mercenary scientists mislead you -- Defending secondhand smoke -- Still waiting for the body count -- Chrome-plated mischief -- Popcorn lung : OSHA gives up -- Defending the taxicab standard -- The country has a drug problem -- Daubert : the most influential Supreme Court ruling you've never heard of -- The institutionalization of uncertainty -- The Bush administration's political science -- Making peace with the past -- Four ways to make the courts count -- Sarbanes-Oxley for science : a dozen ways to improve our regulatory system.
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by SRC, Inc. ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    Digital : ATSDR2008
    Print2008
  • Digital
    Matthew J. Colloff.
    Springer2009
    "The purpose of Dust Mites is to provide a comprehensive reference work for all readers with an involvement or interest in house dust mite research and management, incorporating ... the topics of systematics and identification, physiology, ecology, allergen biochemistry and molecular biology, epidemiology, mite control and allergen avoidance."--From publisher's notes.
  • Digital
    Dominique F. Charron, editor.
    Springer2012
  • Digital
    Springerv. 1-, 1970-
  • Digital
    Crescentia Y. Dakubo.
    Springer2011
    Exploring the linkages between ecosystems and human health -- Evolution towards an ecosystem approach to public health -- Ecosystem approaches to human health: key concepts and principles -- Community-based participatory research for ecohealth -- The process of conducting an ecohealth research project: a participatory action research approach -- Applying an ecosystem approach to community health research in Ghana: a case study -- Planning for a healthy community: a case study: phase II -- Challenges and ethical dilemmas in conducting participatory ecohealth research -- Ecosystem approaches to indigenous health -- Policy frameworks on health and environmental linkages -- Applying critical theory to environmental and health issues -- Examining environmental problems from a critical perspective -- Examining public health concerns from a critical perspective -- Towards a critical approach to ecohealth research and practice.
  • Digital
    Anne Perrin, Martine Souques, editors.
    Springer2012
  • Digital
    created by Stanford University Environmental Health and Safety, Office of Emergency Management.
    Stanf Univ2014
  • Digital
    Prakash S. Bisen and Ruchika Raghuvanshi.
    Wiley2013
    A global perspective on the management and prevention of emerging and re-emerging diseases Emerging infectious diseases are newly identified or otherwise previously unknown infections that cause public health challenges. Re-emerging infectious diseases are due to both the reappearance of and an increase in the number of infections from a disease that is known, but which had formerly caused so few infections that it was no longer considered a public health problem. The factors that cause the emergence or re-emergence of a disease are diverse. This book takes a look at the worl
  • Digital
    Sushil K. Khetan.
    Wiley2014
    Environmental endocrine disruptors -- Part I. Mechanisms of hormonal action and putative endocrine disruptors. Mechanisms of endocrine system function -- Environmental chemicals targeting estrogen signaling pathways -- Anti-androgenic chemicals -- Thyroid-disrupting chemicals -- Activators of PPAR, RXR, AhR, and steriodogenic factor 1 -- Effects of EDC mixtures -- Environmentally induced epigenetic modifications and transgenerational effects -- -- Part II. Removal mechanisms of EDCs through biotic and abiotic processes. Biodegradations and biotransformations of selected examples of EDCs -- Abiotic degradations / transformations of EDCs through oxidation processes -- -- Part III. Screening and testiing for potential EDCs, implications for water quality sustainability, policy and regulatory issues, and green chemistry principles in the design of safe chemicals and remediation of EDCs. Screening and testing programs for EDCs -- Trace contaminants : implications for water quality sustainability -- Policy and regulatory considerations for EDCs -- Green chemistry principles in the designing and screening for safe chemicals and remediation of EDCs.
  • Print
    Jay Lemery and Paul Auerbach.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    Preamble : the doctor's approach -- Climate change 101 : a primer -- Heat waves & heat stress -- Extreme weather -- Vector-borne diseases -- Mental health -- Air degradation -- Water security -- Food security -- Allergens -- Harmful algal blooms -- Nature's pharmacopeia -- Ecosystem services -- Climate justice -- Rx for the future.
  • Digital/Print
    Mieczyslaw Pokorski, editor.
    Digital : Springer2015
    Print2015
    The impairment of lung function caused by environmental exposure to pollutants and toxicants is a rising health problem, particularly in highly industrialized parts of the world. The problem is urgently calling for the development of new methodologies to assess both the level of elemental exposure and the effects for quality of health and longevity. This volume provides state-of-the-art information about the recent advances in occupational and non-occupational pollutant-related disorders of the respiratory tract, and the assessment of a threat they pose for the health-span. Heavy traffic-related air pollution, unnoticeable but salient health detriment, is dealt with at length.
  • Digital/Print
    Mieczyslaw Pokorski, editor.
    Digital : Springer2015
    Print2015
    The book presents the latest advances in research into health effects of air pollution, with heavy motor vehicle traffic or cigarette smoke as the exemplar of pollution. The airways are the first-line defense system against pollution. The book focuses on respiratory ailments underlain by inflammation, increased susceptibility to infection, particularly acquired during harsh environmental conditions and exposures to particulate matter or pathogens. The importance of astute analysis of lung function for early diagnosis of disorders is underscored. A knowledge deficit concerning the aerosolized drug delivery through the airways also is addressed. Recent developments and viewpoints in the field of environmental health hazards as well as methodological advances in their assessment are provided. The book will be of interest to pulmonologists, healthcare providers, researchers and clinicians engaged in environment-related respiratory diseases, but also to policy makers concerned with clean ambient air quality.
  • Digital
    George J. Brewer.
    ScienceDirect2018
    Environmental Causes and Prevention Measures for Alzheimer's Disease examines the increased incidence of the disease in developed countries and aims to educate neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other educated individuals on new insights into environmental causation, primarily metals. This book looks into the web of evidence around the hypothesis of copper toxicity and the additional role that a high fat diet plays in disease progression and cognition loss. The data and its implications are discussed, along with potential prevention measures. This book will generate excitement and interest among neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other biomedical researchers.
  • Digital
    Committee on Advancing Understanding of the Implications of Environmental-chemical Interactions with the Human Microbiome, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies.
    NCBI Bookshelf2018
    "A great number of diverse microorganisms inhabit the human body and are collectively referred to as the human microbiome. Until recently, the role of the human microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, research is beginning to elucidate associations between perturbations in the human microbiome and human disease and the factors that might be responsible for the perturbations. Studies have indicated that the human microbiome could be affected by environmental chemicals or could modulate exposure to environmental chemicals. Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk presents a research strategy to improve our understanding of the interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome and the implications of those interactions for human health risk. This report identifies barriers to such research and opportunities for collaboration, highlights key aspects of the human microbiome and its relation to health, describes potential interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome, reviews the risk-assessment framework and reasons for incorporating chemical-microbiome interactions"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital
    Randy L. Jirtle, Frederick L. Tyson, editors.
    Springer2013
    Exposure to environmental toxicants is associated with changes in DNA methylation and gene expression profiles that together can contribute to increased disease susceptibility. The chapters in this volume, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Disease Origins, address a wide range of environmental exposures, such as airborne particulates, cocaine, radiation, tobacco smoke, and xenoestrogens. Particular emphasis is placed on the consequences of environmental exposures during development on epigenetic reprogramming that influences adult disease pathogenesis. Health outcomes associated with these exposures include autoimmune disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and cancer. Importantly, dietary supplements and drugs can modify the epigenetic effects induced by these agents, thereby reducing their toxicological impact. The overall purpose of this volume and its companion, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Complex Diseases, is to give readers an overview of how environmental exposures during early development can influence disease formation by disrupting epigenetic processes and developmental programming.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHOv. 1-, 1976-
  • Digital
    Morton Lippmann, Richard B. Schlesinger.
    Oxford Medicine Online2017
    Introduction and historical perspective -- Characterization of contaminants and environments -- Sources of contaminants -- Dispersion of contaminants -- Fate of contaminants : translocation, transformations, and sinks -- Effects of contaminants on human health -- Effects of contaminants on environmental quality -- Risk assessment -- Environmental sampling and exposure assessment -- Risk management -- Contaminant criteria and exposure limits -- Our environmental future.
  • Digital
    edited by Ian T. Paulsen, Andrew J. Holmes.
    Springer Protocols2014
    Methods for isolation and cultivation of filamentous fungi / Helena Nevalainen, Liisa Kautto, and Junior Te'o -- Rapid extraction of PCR-competent DNA from recalcitrant environmental samples / Michael R. Gillings -- Quantitative PCR for detection of mRNA and gDNA in environmental isolates / Anthony J. Brzoska and Karl A. Hassan -- Analysis of community dynamics in environmental samples using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis / Claire L. Thompson -- Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) profiling of bacterial 16S rRNA genes / Catherine A. Osborne -- Profiling the diversity of microbial communities with single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) / Achim Schmalenberger and Christoph C. Tebbe -- Human fecal source identification with real-time quantitative PCR / Orin C. Shanks ... [and 4 others] -- Next generation barcode tagged sequencing for monitoring microbial community dynamics / Katy Breakwell, Sasha G. Tetu, and Liam D.H. Elbourne -- Analysis of methanotroph community structure using a pmoA-based microarray / Guy C.J. Abell ... [and 3 others] -- Biolog Phenotype MicroArrays for phenotypic characterization of microbial cells / Amanda M. Mackie ... [and 3 others] -- Visualization of metabolic properties of bacterial cells using nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) / Yi Vee Chew, Andrew J. Holmes, and John B. Cliff -- Single-cell Raman sorting / Mengqiu Li ... [and 3 others] -- Bacterial whole-cell biosensors for the detection of contaminants in water and soils / Yun Wang ... [and 3 others] -- Stable isotope probing to study functional components of complex microbial ecosystems / Sophie Mazard and Hendrik Schäfer -- Metagenomics using next-generation sequencing / Lauren Bragg and Gene W. Tyson -- Targeted genomics of flow cytometrically sorted cultured and uncultured microbial groups / Sophie Mazard ... [and 4 others] -- Quantitative microbial metatranscriptomics / Scott Gifford, Brandon Satinsky, and Mary Ann Moran -- Quantitative metaproteomics : functional insights into microbial communities / Chongle Pan and Jillian F. Banfield.
  • Digital
    David Hollar, editor.
    Springer2016
    Epigenetics and Development: A Natural Process -- Cause and Effect in Epigenetic Disease Epidemiology -- Epigenetics and Health -- Molecular Basis of Epigenetics -- Trans-generational Epigenetics -- Maternal Exposure to Pharmaceuticals -- Maternal Exposure to Poor Nutrition -- Maternal Exposure to Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs -- Maternal Exposure to Lead and Mercury -- Maternal Exposure to Stress -- Paternal Exposure to Environmental Mutagens and Stressors -- Protective Nutrition Before and During Pregnancy -- Protective Behaviors Before and During Pregnancy -- Impact of Dental Mercury on Lifespan Health -- Children's Exposure to Stress -- Children's Exposure to Lead and Mercury -- Children's Exposure to Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs -- Children's Exposure to Violence -- Children's Exposure to Traumatic Events -- Children's Exposure to Poor Nutrition -- Infection Impact on Child Development and Epigenetics -- HLA and Immune Response -- Allostatic Load -- Latent Periods and Cardiovascular/Cancer Risks -- Dynamics of Life Experiences on Polygenic Gene Regulation -- Food Chain Impact of Pesticides on Human Health -- Sun and Artificial Radiation Exposure on Skin Health -- Medical Imaging Radiation Risk on Health -- Naturopathic Approaches to Epigenetic Health -- Reprogramming Epigenetic Effects -- An Ecological Systems Approach to Epigenetic Health -- The Health Leader's Guide to Promoting Epigenetic Health .
  • Print
    edited by John Adams, Jamie Bartram, Yves Chartier.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • Print
    Sara Shostak.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • Digital
    Gary W. Miller.
    ScienceDirect2014
  • Digital
    Jennifer Ann Dougherty.
    The contamination of water supplies by organic contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) pose a potential risk to the health of humans and ecosystems. Septic systems under the best circumstances produce effluent quality equivalent to biologically or secondarily treated wastewater, which is known to be inefficient for removal of many PPCPs. This dissertation examines septic systems as a source of PPCP pollution. The occurrence, fate, and transport of a set of 25 organic contaminants commonly found in wastewater was studied at the scale of a watershed, a septic system, and in microcosms that simulated the geochemical conditions of a septic plume. The septic system study was carried out at Stinson Beach, CA and the watershed study at Liberty Bay, WA. The tested compounds included 19 pharmaceuticals, three personal care products, two herbicides and one flame retardant. They encompassed a structurally diverse group of chemicals with a wide range of physicochemical properties, with Log Kow ranging -0.07 to 4.77 as well as acidic and basic properties. First, sediments from Stinson Beach, CA were used in batch microcosm experiments to assess biotransformation and sorption under conditions simulating an aerobic groundwater system and the nitrate and sulfate reducing conditions of a septic plume. Transformation was found, in general, to be slower under anaerobic conditions than aerobic conditions. Half-lives ranged from 4 days to longer than 365 days for all conditions. Sorption did not fit the commonly used hydrophobic models governed by Log Kow, indicating the significance of factors other than hydrophobicity. These factors may include hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction due to one or several polar functional groups. Second, the occurrence and transport of PPCPs in a single septic system along the California coast was documented. Findings indicated that many PPCPs were refractory and mobile under the conditions of a leach field contaminant plume. Finally, in a watershed scale study in Liberty Bay, Washington, the occurrence of PPCPs thought to originate from septic systems was evaluated. The findings are consistent with laboratory data and usage patterns. The overall results of this dissertation suggest that septic systems, which support 25% of the United States population, may be a significant source of PPCP contamination to groundwater and surface waters.
  • Digital
    edited by Olaf C.G. Adan, Robert A. Samson.
    Springer2011
    Preface -- 1. Introduction; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- 2. Water relations of fungi in indoor environments; O.C.G. Adan et al -- 3. Fungal growth and humidity fluctuations: a toy model; H.P. Huinink, O.C.G. Adan -- 4. The fungal cell; J. Dijksterhuis -- 5. Ecology and general characteristics of indoor fungi; R.A. Samson -- 6. Characteristics and identification of indoor wood-decaying basidiomycetes; O. Schmidt, T. Huckfeldt -- 7. Health effects from mold and dampness in housing in western societies: early epidemiology studies and barriers to further progress; J.D. Miller -- 8. Aerosolized fungal fragments; B.J. Green et al -- 9. Mycotoxins on building materials; K.F. Nielsen, J.C. Frisvad -- 10. WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mold; O.O. Hänninen -- 11. Moisture content measurement; B.J.F. Erich, L. Pel -- 12. The fungal resistance of interior finishing materials; O.C.G. Adan -- 13. Detection of indoor fungi bioaerosols; J.A. Scott et al -- 14. Mold remediation in North American buildings; P.R. Morey -- 15. Mold remediation in West-European buildings; T. Warscheid -- 16. Protection of wood; M.F. Sailer, W.J. Homan -- 17. Coating and surface treatment of wood; H. Viitanen, A.-C. Ritschkoff -- 18. Recommendations; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- Contributors -- Index.
  • Digital
    Kent E. Pinkerton, William N. Rom, editors.
    Springer2014
    Pulmonary physicians and scientists currently have minimal capacity to respond to climate change and its impacts on health. The extent to which climate change influences the prevalence and incidence of respiratory morbidity remains largely undefined. However, evidence is increasing that climate change does drive respiratory disease onset and exacerbation as a result of increased ambient and indoor air pollution, desertification, heat stress, wildfires, and the geographic and temporal spread of pollens, molds and infectious agents. Preliminary research has revealed climate change to have potentially direct and indirect adverse impacts on respiratory health. Published studies have linked climate change to increases in respiratory disease, including the following: changing pollen releases impacting asthma and allergic rhinitis, heat waves causing critical care-related diseases, climate driven air pollution increases, exacerbating asthma and COPD, desertification increasing particulate matter (PM) exposures, and climate related changes in food and water security impacting infectious respiratory disease through malnutrition (pneumonia, upper respiratory infections). High level ozone and ozone exposure has been linked to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, and acute lower respiratory infection. Global Climate Change and Public Health is an important new volume based on the research, findings, and discussions of US and international experts on respiratory health and climate change. This volume addresses issues of major importance to respiratory health and fills a major gap in the current literature.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHOno. 1 (2004)
    Digital : WHOno. 2 (2005)
    Digital : WHOno. 3 (2005)
    Digital : WHOno. 4 (2007)
    Digital : WHOno. 5 (2008)
    Digital : WHOno. 6 (2008)
    Digital : WHOno. 8 (2010)
    The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) is leading a project to harmonize approaches to the assessment of risk from exposure to chemicals. The goal of this project is to globally harmonize approaches to risk assessment by increasing understanding and developing basic principles and guidance on specific chemical risk assessment issues. Harmonization enables efficient use of resources and consistency among assessments.--Website.
  • Digital
    edited by Robert I. Krieger.
    ScienceDirectv. 1-2, 2010
    The Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is a comprehensive, two-volume reference guide to the properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides that provides the latest and most complete information to researchers investigating the environmental, agricultural, veterinary, and human-health impacts of pesticide use. Written by international experts from academia, government, and the private sector, the Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is an in-depth examination of critical issues related to the need for, use of, and nature of chemicals used in modern pest management. This updated third edition carries on the book's tradition of serving as the definitive reference on pesticide toxicology and recognizes the seminal contribution of Wayland J. Hayes, Jr., co-Editor of the first edition. Feature: Presents a comprehensive look at all aspects of pesticide toxicology in one reference work. Benefit: Saves researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest definitive details on toxicity of specific pesticides as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles. Feature: Clear exposition of hazard identification and dose response relationships in each chapter featuring pesticide agents and actions Benefit: Connects the experimental laboratory results to real-life applications in human health, animal health and the environment. Feature: All major classes of pesticide considered. Benefit: Provides relevance to a wider variety of researchers who are conducting comparative work in pesticides or their health impacts. Feature: Different routes of exposure critically evaluated. Benefit: Connects the loop between exposure and harmful affects to those who are researching the affects of pesticides on humans or wildlife.
  • Print
    William H. York.
    Factors in health and wellness -- Education and training : learned and non-learned -- Religion and medicine -- Women's health -- Health in infancy, childhood, and old age -- Infectious disease in the premodern world -- Environmental and occupational hazards -- Surgery and manual operations -- The brain and mental disorders -- The apothecary and his pharmacopeia -- War and health -- Institutions and health -- Healing and the arts.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2011
    Print2011
    1. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
  • Digital
    edited by Colin D. Butler, Jane Dixon, and Anthony G. Capon.
    JSTOR2015
  • Digital
    edited by Sam Ghebrehewet, Alex G. Stewart, David Baxter, Paul Shears, David Conrad, and Merav Kliner.
    Oxford Medicine Online2016
    A practical guide for practitioners working at all levels in public health and health protection. It is aimed at individuals training in health protection and public health including those with a non-specialist background.
  • Digital
    prepared by Maria Zorn, Scott Ratzen.
    NLM2000
  • Digital
    Meenakshisundaram Ramachandran, editor ; P. Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, assistant editor.
    ScienceDirect2015
    Epidemiology of cardiovascular toxins / Churchill Lukwiya Onen -- Cellular and molecular perspectives on cardiac toxins / Reza Tabrizchi -- Environmental toxins and the heart / Sahand Rahnama-Moghadam, L. David Hillis, and Richard A. Lange -- Problems and paradoxes of animal toxins and the heart / Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Plant toxins and the heart / Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Native medicines and cardiovascular toxicity / Ashish Bhalla, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity from marine envenomation / Benjamin Seymour, Athena Andreosso, and Jamie Seymour -- Cardiovascular toxicity of cardiovascular drugs / Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of psychotropic drugs / Mythily Subramaniam, [et al.] -- Cardiovascular toxicity of noncardiovascular drugs / Omi Bajracharya, P. Ravi Shankar, and Nisha Jha -- Cardiovascular toxicity from chemotherapy and anticancer treatment / Angela Esposito, [et al.] -- Association of human immunodeficiency virus infection with exposure to highly active antiretroviral therapy and its adverse cardiovascular effects / Steven E. Lipschultz, [et al.] -- Toxic effects of alcohol on the heart / Subroto Acharjee, Bhaskar Purushottam, and Vincent M. Figueredo -- The effects of active and passive smoking and cardiovascular disease / Mahmood Ahmad, Emmanuel Selvaraj, and Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of recreational drugs / Rohin Francis and Azad Ghuran -- Pediatric cardiovascular toxicity : special considerations / Jennifer A. Lowry -- Cardiovascular toxicity as a result of radiological imaging / Shah Sweni, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian -- Nanomaterials and cardiovascular toxicity / Arghya Paul, [et al.] -- Forensic pathology related to cardiovascular toxicity / Magdy A. Kharoshah, [et al.] -- Ethics, legality, and education in the practice of cardiology / Ponniah Thirumalakolundusubramanian, Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, and Subramanian Senthilkumaran.
  • Digital
    Gaspar Banfalvi.
    Springer2014
    Human homeostasis refers to complex interactions to regulate and maintain the internal conditions of the organism under stable condition. In spite of the progress made on cell growth and division, the circuits that coordinate these processes and maintain the homeostatic balance between cell growth and cell death have not been clarified. Deregulation of homeostatic processes results in different forms of imbalances that can turn to diseases including hepatitis, cyrrhosis and tumor formation. Abnormal growth of tissues can lead to a broad spectrum of neoplastic diseases from tissue swelling, primary tumor formation, cancer and ultimately to secondary tumors known as metastases. Tumor formation is a complex process, that develops through many steps. The discussion of balance and its loss in cell growth, primary and secondary tumor formation necessitate basic information in chemistry (carcinogenesis), biochemistry (metabolism), physics (instrumentation), cell biology (compartments), anatomy, physiology, clinical experience (screening, medical imaging, therapy). The focus of this book has been placed on: a) balance of cell growth, b) tumor formation, c) development of cancer and metastasis, e) diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The steps of the lymphatic type of metastatic tumor spread are described. Due to the interdisciplinary nature, the book gives information for a wide audience including biology, biotechnology, molecular, ecology, medical, pharmacist, chemist students. Additional information is provided for biomedical, pharma, medical and life scientists, physicians and health care professionals.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2010
    Print2010
    Household Use of Solid Fuels -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale -- -- High-temperature Frying -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale
  • Digital
    Harold Zeliger.
    ScienceDirect2011
    In this important reference work, Zeliger catalogs the known effects of chemical mixtures on the human body and also proposes a framework for understanding and predicting their actions in terms of lipophile (fat soluble) / hydrophile (water soluble) interactions. The author's focus is on illnesses that ensue following exposures to mixtures of chemicals that cannot be attributed to any one component of the mixture. In the first part the mechanisms of chemical absorption at a molecular and macromolecular level are explained, as well as the body's methods of defending itself against xenobiotic intrusion. Part II examines the sources of the chemicals discusssed, looking at air and water pollution, food additives, pharmaceuticals, etc. Part III, which includes numerous case studies, examines specific effects of particular mixtures on particular body systems and organs and presents a theoretical framework for predicting what the effects of uncharacterized mixtures might be. Part IV covers regulatory requirements and the need to adjust recommended exposure levels for products containing mixtures. It also contains recommendations on how to limit exposure to mixtures in the products we use and on how to limit release of mixtures into the environment. Providing brief summaries of each mixture and its effects, Zeliger provides a comprehensive reference, a jumping off point for professionals (with extensive chapter bibliographies) and an introduction to the topic for those studying traditional toxicology. Addressing many inadequately understood illnesses and conditions such as asthma, infertility and cancer, it will also be of interest to health professionals, environmental scientists and lawyers. Presents a theoretical framework for predicting the effects of chemical mixtures for which no specific data exists (this predictive aspect is important due to the vast number of different potential chemical combinations - far too many to comprehensively catalog). A quick and convenient source of hard to come by data on the rapidly developing field of chemical mixtures, for groups including chemists and engineers, toxicologists, health professionals and environmental scientists. . New and updated material comprises over 30% of this timely new edition, which includes the latest research data alongside an expanded introduction to the science and art of predicting the toxicological properties of chemical mixtures.
  • Digital
    Blythe Anderson Layton.
    This work takes a multi-disciplinary approach to ocean and human health research by investigating illness/climate relationships through time series modeling and evaluating two microbial source tracking tools for human specificity. In each case the subject of the work is the California coast. In the first project, associations were characterized and modeled between four gastrointestinal illnesses and a number of climate factors across an eleven-year time series of data from Orange County, CA. The results suggest that incidence of gastrointestinal illness in Orange County may increase as a result of rising temperatures due to global climate change. The second project evaluated the use of Enterococcus species differentiation as a microbial source tracking tool in California recreational waters. The results indicate that no single Enterococcus species is a reliable indicator of the host fecal source; however, Enterococcus species composite 'fingerprints' may offer auxiliary evidence for bacterial source identification. The third project evaluated the distribution of the enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene in E. faecium in the Pacific coast environment as well as the distribution and diversity of the gene in Northern California animal hosts. The gene was found to be widespread in non-human animal feces and DNA sequence analysis revealed that esp gene sequences were not divergent between hosts. Overall, the work presented here indicates that gastrointestinal illness rates in California may increase over time, and that Enterococcus-based microbial source tracking methods are insufficient tools to assess risk from recreational water exposure.
  • Print
    Herman Koren.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • Digital
    edited by Franz-Xaver Reichl, MD, Professor, Department of Operative/Restorative Dentistry, Periodontology, and Pedodontics, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Walther Straub Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany, Leonard Ritter, MD, Professor, School of Environmental Sciences, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada ; with contributions by Jochen Benecke [and thirteen others].
    Thieme MedOne Education2011
    This book serves as a hands-on guide to various poison treatments and offers supplemental public health information. Each two-page unit features concise text on the left complemented by full-color illustrations on the opposing page. The expert author distinguishes harmful toxic substances and catalogues their specific effects on the human body, plants, animals, and the surrounding environment. The handbook also addresses other topics, including biological warfare, modern toxicological methods, and threshold values. Features include: succinct, user-friendly organization so readers can navigate the content with ease; over 600 detailed images and diagrams arranged on 150 full-color plates illustrate exposures and toxicological effects on humans, plants, and animals; well-researched, objective risk analysis on toxic exposures accompanied by relevant images; extensive glossary of key toxicological terms that provide readers with the accurate information they need to avoid dangerous confusion.
  • Digital
    edited by Bernard Faye and Yuriy Sinyavskiy.
    Springer2008
  • Digital
    edited by Paul J. Beggs.
    Cambridge2016
    The authoritative assessment of the many climate change impacts on allergens and allergic diseases, for researchers, clinicians, students.
  • Digital
    Committee on Health Impact Assessment, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council, National Research Council of the National Academies.
    ProQuest Ebook Central2011
    "Many Americans believe that the United States has one of the best health-care systems in the world and that consequently Americans enjoy better health than most of the world's populations. The data, however, do not support that belief. In fact, the United States is ranked 32nd in the world in life expectancy even though it is ranked third in total expenditures on health care as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). Clearly, good health is determined by more than money spent on the health-care system. In fact, a growing body of research indicates that living conditions - including such factors as housing quality, exposure to pollution, and access to healthy and affordable foods and safe places to exercise - have a greater effect on health. That research highlights the importance of considering health in developing policies, programs, plans, and projects, including ones that may not appear at first to have an obvious relationship to health. Health impact assessment (HIA) has arisen as an especially promising way to factor health considerations into the decision-making process. It has been defined in various ways but essentially is a structured process that uses scientific data, professional expertise, and stakeholder input to identify and evaluate public-health consequences of proposals and suggests actions that could be taken to minimize adverse health impacts and optimize beneficial ones"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital/Print
    Sheffer, Marla.
    Digital : WHO2013
    Print2013
  • Digital
    edited by Aly Cohen, Frederick S. vom Saal.
    Oxford Medicine Online2017
    "At no other time in human existence has there been so many environmental changes. Over 87,000 chemicals are now commercially available in the U.S., almost all of which have not been tested for safety, particularly in young children and the growing fetus.The number and quantity of chemicals has continued to increase since World War II--and so too has the incidence of many chronic health problems, such as Type 2 Diabetes, obesity, thyroid disease, asthma, allergy, autoimmune disease, autism, ADHD, and several cancers. Many studies have revealed that exposure to chemicals and radiation in our everyday environment may increase risk for these conditions. Integrative Environmental Medicine. examines the history and changing landscape of our environment in the U.S. and shares up-to-date research and information on ways to reduce exposures and reduce health risks. This text explores the unique properties of many chemicals and their ability to deceive the human body's normal workings, affecting everything from thyroid and autoimmune disease risk, to cancer development, to developmental issues in children, and even the development of diabetes and weight gain through gut bacteria manipulation. We discuss topics of improving regulations and appropriate testing for chemicals, remediation of environmental catastrophes, and designing healthier products for the future. Finally, we discuss best practices for clinicians to ascertain exposure history and teach patients how to avoid harmful exposures and help their body eliminate contaminates through better dietary and lifestyle practices. Throughout this book, we share vetted, practical resources and tools--including websites, phone apps, physician and patient hand-outs--to help healthcare practitioners facilitate healthier choices for themselves and their patients.This text is unique in that it offers tangible, practical information that can easily be integrated into the daily work flow of patient clinical care; websites, phone apps, physician and patient handouts and printable lists"--Provided by publisher.
  • Digital
    Paul Mushak.
    ScienceDirect2011
    The book presents a detailed assessment of the health science of lead and the human health risk assessment models for lead's human health impacts, followed by an account of various regulatory efforts in the United States and elsewhere to eliminate or reduce human toxic exposures to lead. The science of lead as presented here covers releases of lead into the environment, lead's movement through the environment to reach humans who are then exposed, and the spectrum of toxic effects, particularly low-level toxic effects, on the developing central nervous system of the very young child. The section on human health risk assessment deals with quantifying not only the dose-response relationships that underlie toxic responses to lead in sensitive populations but also with the likelihood of toxic responses vis-vis environmental lead at some level of exposure. This section includes a treatment of computer models of lead exposure, particularly those that use lead in whole blood as a key measure. Various models convert lead intake via various body compartments into measures of body lead burden. Such measures are then directly related to severity of injury. The final section of the book deals with past and present regulatory efforts to control lead releases into the human environment. Current control efforts present a mixed picture. The most problematic issue is the continued presence of lead paint in older housing and lead in soils of urban and mining industry communities. Comprehensive assessment of the three major facets of the public health problem of lead: the voluminous science, the risk assessment approaches, and approaches to controlling lead as a public health problem. Integration of the above three elements to provide a coherent whole Provides a single source of information that will be extremely valuable to all professionals working in areas impacted by this toxic substance.
  • Digital
    NLM2016
  • Digital
    Abraham Haim, Boris A. Portnov.
    Springer2013
    Artificial light and human temporal organization. Artificial light and its physiochemical properties -- Light and dark cycles as a basis of temporal organization -- Biological clock and its entrainment by photoperiod -- Light at night (LAN) exposure and its potential effects on daily rhythms and seasonal disruptions -- Melatonin : "hormone of darkness" and a "Jack of all traits" -- Light pollution, its known health effects and impact on energy conservation. Introduction and spread of artificial illumination : a human history retrospective -- Biological definition of light pollution -- Light-at-night (LAN) as a general stressor -- Effects of light pollution on animal daily rhythms and seaonality : ecological consequences -- Light polluiton and hormone-dependent cancers : a summary of accumulated empirical evidence -- Light pollution and its potential links to breast and prostate cancers. Geographic patterns of breast and prostate cancers (BC&PC) worldwide -- Light pollution and its associations with BC&PC in population-level studies -- Selected methodological issues of LAN-BC&PC reserach -- Dark-less world : what is next? (conclusions and prospects for future research).
  • Digital
    Barbara Demeneix.
    OSO2014
    1. Chemical Pollution and IQ Loss in Children: Learning from the Past -- 2. Thyroid Hormone, Iodine, Selenium, and Mercury -- 3. Thyroid Hormone and Brain Development: Bridging Environment to Gene Expression -- 4. Thyroid Hormone Signalling as a Target of Multiple Pollutants -- 5. Examples of Chemical Pollution Targeting Thyroid Hormone Action -- 6. Mixtures and Low Doses: The Complexity of Risk Assessment -- 7. Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Congenital Hypothyroidism: The Case for Gene x Environment Interactions -- 8. What Can Be Done by Individuals, Associations and Governments: Time to End the Pied Piper Scenario.
  • Digital
    edited by Hajime Sato.
    Springer2010
  • Digital
    edited by Jerry Zweigenbaum.
    Springer Protocols2011
    European union regulations / Peter Furst -- China's food safety regulation and mass spectrometry / Xiaogang Chu [and others] -- United States and Japanese food regulations / Jerry Zweigenbaum -- QuEChERS sample preparation approach for mass spectrometric analysis of pesticide residues in foods / Steven J. Lehotay -- Automated solid phase extraction / Norbert Helle, Meike Baden, and Kaj Petersen -- Multiresidue pesticide analysis by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry / Jon W. Wong [and others] -- Targeted pesticide residue analysis using triple quad LC-MS/MS / Lutz Alder -- LC/TOF-MS analysis of pesticides in fruits and vegetables : the emerging role of accurate mass in the unambiguous identification of pesticides in food / Imma Ferrer, E. Michael Thurman, and Jerry Zweigenbaum -- Hormone analysis in food products / Marco H. Blokland and Saskia S. Sterk -- Analysis of multiple mycotoxins in food / Jana Hajslova, Milena Zachariasova, and Tomas Cajka -- Multi mycotoxin analysis in food products using immunoaffinity extraction / Masahiko Takino, Hiroki Tanaka, and Toshitsugu Tanaka -- Multiresidue analysis of antibiotics in food of animal origin using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry / Katerina Mastovska -- LC-MS/MS methods for the determination of specific antibiotics residues in food matrices / Gui-Liang Chen and Yan-Yan Fang -- Identification of unknown migrants from food contact materials / Malcolm Driffield [and others] -- Halogenated persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in food / Tomas Cajka and Jana Hajslova.
  • Print
    Fred A. Mettler, Jr., Arthur C. Upton.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    Basic radiation physics, chemistry, and biology -- Sources of radiation exposure -- Effects on genetic material -- Cancer induction and dose-response models -- Carcinogenesis of specific sites -- Deterministic effects of radiation -- Effects of radiation in combination with other agents -- Radiation exposure in utero -- Uranium, plutonium, and radium -- Attribution of radiation effects and probability of causation in a specific individual -- Perception of radiation and psychological risks -- Hormesis.
  • Digital
    Jose A. Centeno, Robert B. Finkelman and Olle Selinus (eds.).
    MDPI2016
  • Digital
    Greg Duncan, Virginia Lesser, Barbara Entwisle, Graham Kalton, Andy Shih, Elaine Faustman, Rosalind Wright, Kerry Anne McGeary, Richard Gershon, Steven Wysmuller, Shelley Merritt, and Charlee Alexander.
    As outlined in the previous paper in this series (Riley et al., 2016), our nation needs foundational data in order to understand how social, physical, chemical, and nutritional environments interact to impact how Americans grow, live, and prosper. To satisfy this need, we propose a nationally representative birth cohort study beginning in the prenatal period and following the children through adulthood. Existing research efforts are in adequate because their data are not sufficiently comprehensive and representative to identify both positive and negative factors affecting children's health or to fully understand health inequities in the United States. A crucial element of the proposed study is a well-designed national probability sample from which conclusions can be drawn to the larger population from which the sample was randomly selected. In contrast, self-selection sampling consists of volunteers who elected to be part of a study. This technique introduces self-selection bias and can lead to a sample that is not representative of the population being studied. In fact, a report by the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM), The National Children's Study 2014: An Assessment, endorsed a probability sample design for a future national longitudinal birth cohort study (NRC/IOM, 2014; Riley et al., 2016). This paper provides an overview of a feasible sample design, methods for stakeholder engagement, tools for data collection, and approaches for providing access to the data that would maximize its value.
  • Digital
    Sandra Ceccatelli, Michael Aschner, editors.
    Springer2012
    Annotation Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant that knows no environmental boundaries. Even the most stringent control of anthropogenic Hg sources will not eliminate exposure given its ubiquitous presence. Exposure to Hg occurs primarily via the food chain due to MeHgs accumulation in fish. Latest US statistics indicate that 46 States have fish consumption advisories. In addition, Hg is a common pollutant in hazardous waste sites, with an estimated 3-4 million children living within one mile of at least one of the 1,300+ active hazardous waste sites in the US. The effects on intellectual function in children prenatally exposed to MeHg via maternal fish consumption have been the subject of two on-going major, prospective, longitudinal studies in the Seychelles and the Faroe Islands. It is important to recognize that the risk for MeHg exposure is not limited only to islanders with high fish consumption. This bookwill provide state-of-the-art information to the graduate student training in toxicology, risk assessors, researchers and medical providers at large. It is aimed to bring the reader up to date on contemporary issues associated with exposure to methylmercury, from its effects on stem cells and neurons to population studies.
  • Digital
    Charles Hagedorn, Anicet R. Blanch, Valerie J. Harwood, editors.
    Springer2011
    Chapter 1: Overview -- Chapter 2: Performance Criteria -- Chapter 3: Library-dependent Source Tracking Methods -- Chapter 4: Library-Independent Source Tracking Methods -- Chapter 5: Viruses as Tracers of Fecal Contamination -- Chapter 6: Phage Methods -- Chapter 7: Pathogenic Protozoa -- Chapter 8: Chemical-Based Fecal Source Tracking Methods -- Chapter 9: Statistical Approaches for Modeling in Microbial Source Tracking -- Chapter 10: Mitochondrial DNA as Source Tracking Markers of Fecal Contamination -- Chapter 11: Community Analysis-Based Methods -- Chapter 12: Public Perception of and Public Participation in Microbial Source Tracking -- Chapter 13: Use of Microbial Source Tracking in the Legal Arena: Benefits and Challenges -- Chapter 14: Applications of Microbial Source Tracking in the TMDL Process -- Chapter 15: Relating MST Results to Fecal Indicator Bacteria, Pathogens, and Standards -- Chapter 16: Minimizing Microbial Source Tracking at All Costs -- Chapter 17: Environmental Persistence and Naturalization of Fecal Indicator Organisms -- Chapter 18: Agricultural and Rural Watersheds -- Chapter 19: Case Studies of Urban and Suburban Watersheds -- Chapter 20: Beaches and Coastal Environmenta -- Chapter 21: Source tracking in Australia and New Zealand: Case Studies -- Chapter 22: Microbial Source Tracking in China and Developing Nations -- Chapter 23: A National Security Perspective of Microbial Source Tracking -- Chapter 24: Applications of Quantitative Microbial Source Tracking (QMST) and Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) -- Chapter 25: Food Safety and Implications for Microbial Source Tracking -- Chapter 26: Training Future Scientists: Teaching Microbial Source Tracking (MST) to Undergraduates -- Index.
  • Digital
    Committee on Microbiomes of the Built Environment: from Research to Application, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Earth and LIfe Studies, Health and Medicine Division, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Academy of Engineering.
    NCBI Bookshelf2017
    "People's desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of "healthy" indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environments--such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materials--in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital/Print
    edited by: James Atkinson... [et al.].
    Digital : WHO2009
    Print2009
    This guideline defines ventilation and then natural ventilation. It explores the design requirements for natural ventilation in the context of infection control, describing the basic principles of design, construction, operation and maintenance for an effective natural ventilation system to control infection in health-care settings.
  • Digital
    Michael C. Newman, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, VA, United States, College of William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, VA, United States.
    ScienceDirect2018
    The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence: Natural Science, Statistics, Psychology, and Sociology examines how toxicologists and environmental professionals come to understand and make decisions about possible harm from pollutants. Drawing on concepts and techniques from the natural, social and mathematical sciences, the book emphasizes how pollutant-related evidence is gathered, assessed, communicated and applied in decision-making. Each chapter begins with a real-world example before exploring fundamental cognitive, social, statistical or natural science concepts to explain the opening example. Methods from other disciplines for recognizing, reducing or removing the influence of impediments in wise decision-making are highlighted in each chapter. Misreading evidence by the scientific community, and miscommunication to regulators and the public, remain major impediments to wise action in pollution issues. Which evidence comes to dominate the dialogue among scientists, regulators and decision makers depends on social and scientific dynamics. Yet psychological and sociological factors that influence the movement of evidence through scientific communities to regulators receive cursory discussion by professionals unfamiliar with the sociology literature. Toxicologists, environmental scientists, psychologists and professionals and students across the sciences will find the book useful for understanding how evidence is generated, assessed and communicated in their own fields.
  • Digital
    editor, Fulvio Amato.
    ScienceDirect2018
    Non-Exhaust Emissions: An Urban Air Quality Problem for Public Health comprehensively summarizes the most recent research in the field, also giving guidance on research gaps and future needs to evaluate the health impact and possible remediation of non-exhaust particle emissions. With contributions from some of the major experts and stakeholders in air quality, this book comprehensively defines the state-of-the-art of current knowledge, gaps and future needs for a better understanding of particulate matter (PM) emissions, from non-exhaust sources of road traffic to improve public health. PM is a heterogeneous mix of chemical elements and sources, with road traffic being the major source in large cities. A significant part of these emissions come from non-exhaust processes, such as brake, tire, road wear, and road dust resuspension. While motor exhaust emissions have been successfully reduced by means of regulation, non-exhaust emissions are currently uncontrolled and their importance is destined to increase and become the dominant urban source of particle matter by 2020. Nevertheless, current knowledge on the non-exhaust emissions is still limited. This is an essential book to researchers and advanced students from a broad range of disciplines, such as public health, toxicology, atmospheric sciences, environmental sciences, atmospheric chemistry and physics, geochemistry, epidemiology, built environment, road and vehicle engineering, and city planning. In addition, European and local authorities responsible for air quality and those in the industrial sectors related to vehicle and brake manufacturing and technological remediation measures will also find the book valuable.
  • Digital
    edited by Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, Rosemary K. Sokas ; with the assistance of Heather L. McStowe.
    OSO2018
  • Digital
    edited by Serge Morand, CNRS, University of Montpellier, France, Boris R. Krasnov, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, D. Timothy J. Littlewood, Natural History Museum, London.
    Cambridge2015
    "This book brings together two active fields of research, phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, to reveal and explain the patterns of parasite diversity and the diversification of their hosts."--Cover.
  • Digital
    James E. Martin.
    Wiley2013
    Structure of atoms -- Atoms and energy -- Radioactive transformation -- Interactions -- Nuclear fission and its products -- Naturally occurring radiation and radioactivity -- Interactions of radiation with matter -- Radiation shielding -- Internal radiation dose -- Environmental dispersion -- Nuclear criticality -- Radiation detection and measurement -- Statistics in radiation physics -- Neutrons -- Answers to selected problems -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Appendix C -- Appendix D -- Index.
  • Digital
    Berryman, A. A.; Berryman, A. A.; Kindlmann, Pavel.
    Springer2008
  • Digital/Print
    A Prüss-Ustün, J Wolf, C Corvalán, R Bos and M Neira.
    Digital : WHO2016
    Print2016
    Acronyms and abbreviations -- Preface -- Executive summary -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Methods: Estimating the environmental burden of disease -- The environment: A contextual determinant of health -- The link with social determinants of health -- What is meant by the population attributable fraction of a risk factor? -- Estimating the population attributable fraction -- Comparative risk assessment -- Calculations based on limited epidemiological data -- Disease transmission pathway -- Expert survey -- Combining risk factors for individual diseases -- Estimating the burden of disease attributable to the environment -- Estimating uncertainties -- 3. Results: A systematic analysis of fractions attributable to the environment, by disease Infectious and parasitic diseases -- Infectious and parasitic diseases -- Respiratory infections -- Diarrhoeal diseases -- Intestinal nematode infections -- Malaria -- Trachoma -- Schistosomiasis -- Chagas disease -- Lymphatic filariasis -- Onchocerciasis -- Leishmaniasis -- Dengue -- Japanese encephalitis -- HIV/AIDS -- Sexually transmitted diseases -- Hepatitis B and C -- Tuberculosis -- Other infectious and parasitic diseases -- Neonatal and nutritional conditions -- Neonatal conditions -- Protein-energy malnutrition -- Noncommunicable diseases -- Cancers -- Mental, behavioural and neurological disorders -- Cataracts -- Hearing loss -- Ischaemic heart disease -- Stroke -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease -- Asthma -- Musculoskeletal diseases -- Congenital anomalies -- Other noncommunicable diseases -- Risks factors for noncommunicable diseases from other areas but related to the environment -- Overweight and obesity -- Physical inactivity -- Unintentional injuries -- Road traffic accidents -- Unintentional poisonings -- Falls -- Fires, heat and hot substances -- Drownings -- Other unintentional injuries -- Intentional injuries -- Self-harm -- Interpersonal violence -- The link between the environment and demographics -- Global results of the analysis by disease and population subgroups -- Disease specific results -- Age differences -- Gender differences -- Regional and country differences -- Trends -- 4. Discussion: Leveraging environment-health links -- Environment, health and the Sustainable Development Goals -- Strengths and weaknesses of the analysis -- 5. Conclusion: Towards healthy environments -- Key findings -- Reducing the burden of unhealthy environments -- Annexes -- Annex 1. WHO Member States and country groupings by income region -- Annex 2. Results tables -- Annex 3:. Technical annex on methods -- Annex 3.1. Calculation of population attributable fractions -- Annex 3.2. Combination of risk factors for one disease: Additional information -- Annex 3.3. Additional information on estimation of PAFs for selected diseases -- References -- Acknowledgements -- Photo credits.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2010
    Print2010
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2015
    Print2015
    Despite significant progress in water and sanitation, much still remains to be done. This report shows how the world has changed since 1990. It provides an assessment of progress towards the MDG target, and insight into the remaining challenges. Section A provides an overview of progress against the parameters specified in the MDG target for water and sanitation, in both urban and rural areas. It presents data for the world as a whole, and compares progress across regions. The report goes on to examine trends over the MDG period by region and by level of service. It pays particular attention to the numbers of people who have gained the highest level of service in drinking water supply -- piped water on premises -- and those with no service at all, who use surface water for drinking and practise open defecation.
  • Digital
    edited by Koichi Tanigawa, Rethy Kieth Chhem.
    Springer2014
    The role of disaster medicine is becoming more important as the frequency and severity of natural and technological disasters increase. The triple disaster that occurred in Fukushima on March 11, 2011 calls for innovation in the training of health care professionals, pre-hospital emergency care providers, and emergency personnel in the management of the medical consequences of radiation disasters. While many books are available on disaster medicine, none is specifically devoted to the role of physicians in the management of patients exposed to radiation leakage from a damaged nuclear power plant. Radiation Disaster Medicine aims to fill this void based on the response to the Fukushima nuclear accident. Each chapter addresses principles and practices of radiation medicine within the specific context of that accident. Topics covered include the role of physicians in radiation disasters, the concepts of external and internal exposure, prehospital and hospital response, disaster behavioral health, and radiation emergency response from the perspective of national and international institutions. Most of the contributors are active educators and researchers in radiation medicine with first-hand experience in dealing with prehospital triage and management of patients within secondary and tertiary care hospitals in Japan. It is hoped that this book will assist in attaining the ultimate goal of radiation disaster medicine: to help the patients.
  • Digital/Print
    Dariusz Leszczynski, editor.
    Digital : Springer2013
    Print2013
    Print2013
    Methods of proteomics have been shown to be powerful tools in search of target proteins - proteins that respond in cells to an internal or an external stimulus. Proteomics is widely used in biomedical research. However, in radiation biology research, following exposures of living matter to low doses of either ionizing or non-ionizing radiation, proteomics approach is only very slowly gaining support. This book, by presenting the current status of the use of proteomics in radiation biology, will help to attract attention to the field of radiation proteomics.
  • Digital
    edited by Hans J. Pasman and Igor A. Kirillov.
    Springer2008
  • Digital
    Caleb E. Finch.
    ScienceDirect2018
    Global Air Pollution in Aging: Reading Smoke Signals is a complete reference connecting environmental pollution research to the human aging process. Since 1800, lifespans have more than doubled as infections declined and medicine improved. But the 20th century introduced a new global scourge of air pollution from fossil fuels with the potential to damage arteries, hearts and lungs that has been related to chronic exposure of air pollution from fossil fuels. Risk areas of study include childhood obesity, brain damage associated with air pollution, increased risk for autism in children and dementia in older adults. In humans and animals, air pollution stimulates chronic inflammation in different organs, and genetic vulnerability to air pollution is being recognized, particularly for carriers of the Alzheimer risk gene ApoE4.
  • Digital/Print
    edited by Yves Chartier, Jorge Emmanuel, Ute Pieper, Annette Prüss, Philip Rushbrook, Ruth Stringer, William Townend, Susan Wilburn and Raki Zghondi.
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2015
    Print2015
  • Digital/Print
    first draft prepared by Mr. Philip Copestake.
    Digital : WHO2010
    Print2010
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2008
    Print2008
  • Digital
    Serge Morand, Jean-Pierre Dujardin, Régine Lefait-Robin, Chamnarn Apiwathnasorn, editors.
    Springer2015
    Chapter 1: Introduction to socio-ecological dimensions of infectious diseases and health in Southeast Asia. -- Part 1: Infectious Diseases and Societies -- Chapter 2: Climate, environment and epidemic febrile diseases: A view from Chinese medicine -- Chapter 3: Long life of people living with HIV/AIDS and the practice of medical power -- Chapter 4: Socio-environmental global changes and infectious diseases: Interdisciplinary approach applied to tourism studies -- Part 2: Socio-Ecosystems and Health -- Chapter 5: Heavy metals contamination in the ecosystem of Mae Tang reservoir in Northern Thailand -- Chapter 6: Water and health: What is the risk and visible burden of the exposure to environmental contaminations? Insights from a questionnaire-based survey in Northern Thailand -- Chapter 7: Melioidosis in Laos -- Part 3: Global Changes, Land Use Changes and Vector-Borne Diseases -- Chapter 8: Adaptation of mosquito vectors to salinity and its impact on mosquito-borne disease transmission in the South and Southeast Asian tropics -- Chapter 9: The malaria landscape: Mosquitoes, transmission, landscape, insecticide resistance and integrated control in Thailand -- Chapter 10: Rubber plantations as a mosquito box amplification in South and South-East Asia -- Part 4: Monitoring and Data Acquisition -- Chapter 11: Rescuing public health data -- Chapter 12: The new science of metagenomics and the challenges of its use in both developed and developing countries -- Chapter 13: Barcoding, biobanking, e banking: From ecological to ethical and legal aspects. Insights from the PathodivSEA project -- Part 5: Managing Health Risks -- Chapter 14: Methods for prioritization of diseases: Case study of zoonoses in South-East Asia -- Chapter 15: Managing global risks: Vietnamese poultry farmers and avian flu -- Chapter 16: The OIE Strategy to address threats at the interface between humans, animals and ecosystems -- Part 6: Developing Strategies -- Chapter 17: Business for biodiversity and ecosystem services -- Chapter 18: Bridging the gap between conservation and health -- Chapter 19: Implementation of the One health strategy. Lessons learnt from community based natural resource programs for communities' empowerment and equity within an Eco health approach.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2010
    Print2010
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : IARC2010
    Print2010
  • Digital
    American Lung Association2014
    The State of the Air 2014 report looks at levels of ozone and particle pollution found in official monitoring sites across the United States in 2010, 2011, and 2012. The report uses the most current quality-assured nationwide data available for these analyses.
  • Digital
    by Janet Gray. From science to action / by Janet Nudelman and Connie Engel.
  • Digital/Print
    first draft prepared by Peter Watts and Paul Howe.
    Digital : WHO2010
    Print2010
  • Digital
    Cathryn H. Greenberg, Beverly S. Collins, Frank R. Thompson III, editors.
    Springer2011
    This edited volume addresses a rising concern among natural resource scientists and management professionals about decline of the many plant and animal species associated with early-successional habitats, especially within the Central Hardwood Region of the USA. These open habitats, with herbaceous, shrub, or young forest cover, are disappearing as abandoned farmland, pastures, and cleared forest patches return to forest. There are many questions about 'why, what, where, and how' to manage for early successional habitats. In this book, expert scientists and experienced land managers synthesize knowledge and original scientific work to address critical questions sparked by the decline of early successional habitats.
  • Digital
    edited by Shunichi Yamashita, Gerry Thomas.
    ScienceDirect2017
    Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents: Long-Term Aftereffects of Chernobyl and Fukushima discusses the radiobiological effects of the release of radioiodine from two nuclear power plant accidents and appropriate interpretation of the results of thyroid ultrasound examination. The book pulls together expert opinion on radiation related thyroid cancer in an understandable manner, even for non thyroidologists. The book explains what has been learned from both accidents in relation to prevention of thyroid cancer following nuclear power plant accidents. The book encompasses topics such as risk estimations of thyroid cancer following nuclear accidents and clinical aspects after those specific situations. Additionally, it discusses in detail the reports from Fukushima related to thyroid cancer in the population. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists and biomedical researchers with interest in nuclear accidents and cancer cases.
  • Digital
    Travis N. Rieder.
    Springer2016
    This thought-provoking treatise argues that current human fertility rates are fueling a public health crisis that is at once local and global. Its analysis and data summarize the ecological costs of having children, presenting ethical dilemmas for prospective parents in an era of competition for scarce resources, huge disparities of wealth and poverty, and unsustainable practices putting irreparable stress on the planet. Questions of individual responsibility and integrity as well as personal moral and procreative issues are examined carefully against larger and more long-range concerns. The author's assertion that even modest efforts toward reducing global fertility rates would help curb carbon emissions, slow rising global temperatures, and forestall large-scale climate disaster is well reasoned and more than plausible. Among the topics covered: · The multiplier effect: food, water, energy, and climate. · The role of population in mitigating climate change. · The carbon legacy of procreation. · Obligations to our possible children. · Rights, what is right, and the right to do wrong. · The moral burden to have small families. Toward a Small Family Ethic sounds a clarion call for bioethics students and working bioethicists. This brief, thought-rich volume steers readers toward challenges that need to be met, and consequences that will need to be addressed if they are not.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2008
    Print2008
    Part 1: Guidance document on characterizing and communicating uncertainty in exposure assessment -- Part 2: Hallmarks of data quality in chemical exposure assessment.
  • Digital
    by Iván Francisco García-Tejero, Víctor Hugo Durán-Zuazo, José Luis Muriel-Fernández, Carmen Rocío Rodríguez-Pleguezuelo.
    Springer2011
    Irrigated agriculture, a vital component of general agriculture, supplies fruits, vegetables, and cereals consumed by humans and grains fed to animals. Consequently, agriculture is the largest user of fresh water globally, and irrigation practices in many parts of the world are biologically, economically, and socially unsustainable. Water management should balance the need for agricultural water and the need for a sustainable environment. Water-use efficiency is the prime challenge in worldwide farming practices where problems of water shortages are widespread. Currently, agriculture is undergoing significant changes in innovative irrigation, fertilizer technology, and agronomic expertise. These elements constitute a vital platform for sustainable agricultural success and for preventing environmental damage. This review presents several processes linked to environmental irrigation, balancing environmental protection with improved agricultural production.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2014
    Print2014
    Almost 3 billion people, in low- and middle-income countries mostly, still rely on solid fuels (wood, animal dung, charcoal, crop wastes and coal) burned in inefficient and highly polluting stoves for cooking and heating. In 2012 alone, no fewer than 4.3 million children and adults died prematurely from illnesses caused by such household air pollution, according to estimates by the World Health Organization. Together with widespread use of kerosene stoves, heaters and lamps, these practices also result in many serious injuries and deaths from scalds, burns and poisoning. These new indoor air quality guidelines for household fuel combustion aim to help public health policy-makers, as well as specialists working on energy, environmental and other issues understand best approaches to reducing household air pollution -- the greatest environmental health risk in the world today.
  • Digital/Print
    [edited by Hajo Zeeb and Ferid Shannoun].
    Digital : WHO2009
    Print2009
  • Digital/Print
    World Health Organization.
    Digital : WHO2010
    Print2010
    "The purpose of this publication is to provide its users with guidance to identify, acquire and use the information needed to assess chemical hazards, exposures and the corresponding health risks in their given health risk assessment contexts at local and/or national levels. The toolkit provides information for conducting a human health risk assessment, identifies information that must be gathered to complete an assessment and provides electronic links to international resources from which the user can obtain information and methods essential for conducting the human health risk assessment"--Publisher's description.
  • Digital/Print
    Digital : WHO2010
    Print2010
    "The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard was approved by the 28th World Health Assembly in 1975 and has since gained wide acceptance. ... Guidelines were first issued in 1978, and have since been revised and reissued every few years. Up until the present revision the original guidelines approved by the World Health Assembly in 1975 have been followed without amendment. In December, 2002 the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (UNCETDG/GHS) approved a document called 'The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals' with the intent to provide a globally-harmonized system1 (GHS) to address classification of chemicals, labels, and safety data sheets. ... For this revision of the Classification the WHO Hazard Classes have been aligned in an appropriate way with the GHS Acute Toxicity Hazard Categories for acute oral or dermal toxicity as the starting point for allocating pesticides to a WHO Hazard Class (with adjustments for individual pesticides where required). ... The GHS Acute Toxicity Hazard Category for each pesticide is now presented alongside the existing information." - p. 1.
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