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- Advanced bioactive compounds countering the effects of radiological, chemical and biological agents : strategies to counter biological damage — Impact of pollution on animal products (100)
- Implications of nanotechnology for environmental health research — WHO recommended classification of pesticides by hazard and guidelines to classification 2009 (85)
- Advanced bioactive compounds countering the effects of radiological, chemical and biological agents : strategies to counter biological damage 2013Springer"The probability for exposure to damaging radiation, toxic chemicals in the environment and adverse biological agents has increased exponentially today. The more frequent and faster travel that we experience today also escalates the risk of contraction and transmission of potentially deadly infections. This has created a very real and escalating risk for injuries and deaths. This is accentuated in the military and medical staff that is more frequently exposed to radiological, chemical, and biological agents in their normal working environment. Understanding the mechanisms whereby these toxic agents inflict damage to our bodies is essential to prepare us for these challenges. Much of the damage is inflicted through the generation of free radicals and non-radical oxidants which then act through oxidative mechanisms to injury the body. This volume will discuss the damage caused by these radiological, chemical, and biological environmental stressors, the mechanisms through which the damage can occur and the novel strategies that can be used to reduce the injury inflicted by these toxic compounds. Using basic and clinical research approaches, the contents of this book discuss new ideas for the development of bioactive products and environmental approaches to lessen or negate the biological damage inflicted by these noxious compounds."--Publisher's website.
- Adverse effects of engineered nanomaterials : exposure, toxicology, and impact on human health. 1st ed. 2012ScienceDirectA. Engineered nanomaterials: hazard, exposure and safety assessment. Interactions with the human body / Renato Colognato ... [et al.] -- Exposure assessment / Antonio Bergamaschi, Ivo Iavicoli and Kai Savolainen -- Biomonitoring / Enrico bergamaschi and Andrea Magrini -- Critical evaluation of toxicity tests / Maria Dusinska ... [et al.] -- Computational approaches / Vidana Epa, Dave Winkler and Lang Tran -- Regulation and legislation / Maureen R. Gwinn and Birgit Sokull-Klüttgen -- B. Engineered nanomaterials: impact on human health. Respiratory system / Ken Donaldson and Craig Poland -- Cardiovascular system / Jennifer B. Raftis, Nicholas L. Mills and Rodger Duffin -- Neurological system / Sandra Ceccatelli and Giuseppe Bardi -- Immune system / Diana Boraschi and Albert Duschl -- Skin / Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere and Francesca Larese Filon -- Gastrointestinal tract / Mark A. Jepson -- Reproductive toxicity / Karin Sørig Hougaard and Luisa Campagnolo -- Genotocicity and cancer / Shareen H. Doak, Ying Liu and Chunying Chen -- C. Biomedical applications of engineered nanomaterials. Diagnostic applications / Kalcheng and Zhen Cheng -- Therapeutic applications / Cyrill Bussy ... [et al.] -- Annex: synthesis of engineered nanomaterials / Muhammet S. toprak, Gulaim A. Seisenbaeva and Vadim G. Kessler.
- Ch. 1. Medical and pharmaceutical aerosols / Stephen R. Marek ... [et al.] -- ch. 2. Breathing zone exposure assessment / Charles E. Rodes and Jonathan W. Thornburg -- ch. 3. Mechanisms of particle deposition / Jacky A. Rosati, Kristin K. Isaacs, and Ted B. Martonen -- ch. 4. Aerosol dose / Lev S. Ruzer, Michael G. Apte, and Richard G. Sextro -- ch. 5. Modeling deposition of inhaled particles / Kristin K. Isaacs, Jacky A. Rosati, and Ted B. Martonen -- ch. 6. Aerosol chemistry and physics / Lara A. Gundel and Hugo Destaillats -- ch. 7. Chemical analyses of particle filter deposits / Judith C. Chow and John. G. Watson -- ch. 8. Health effects of ambient ultrafine particles / Beverly S. Cohen -- ch. 9. Nanoparticle cell penetration / Steven M. Hankin and Craig A. Poland -- ch. 10. High aspect ratio nanomaterials : characterization and toxicology / Steven M. Hankin and Craig A. Poland -- ch. 11. Research and development of a new safe form of drugs / T.G. Tolstikova ... [et al.] -- ch. 12. Bioaerosols / Janet M. Macher ... [et al.] -- ch. 13. Aerosols, global climate, and the human health co-benefits of climate change mitigation / George D. Thurston and Michelle L. Bell -- ch. 14. Health effects of metals in ambient air particulate matter / Morton Lippmann -- ch. 15. Radioactive aerosols / Lev S. Ruzer -- ch. 16. Unattached fraction of radon progeny as an experimental tool in the assessment of the risk of nanoparticles / Lev S. Ruzer -- ch. 17. Filtration and sampling of aerosols by fibrous filters / A.K. Budyka, A.A. Kirsch, and B.I. Ogorodnikov -- ch. 18. Radioactive aerosols of Chernobyl accident / A.K. Budyka and B.I. Ogorodnikov -- ch. 19. Classical nucleation theory : account of dependence of the surface tension on curvature and translation-rotation correction factor / S.V. Vosel ... [et al.] -- ch. 20. Radioactive aerosol standards / Lev S. Ruzer ... [et al.] -- ch. 21. Radon and thoron in the environment : concentrations and lung cancer risk / Naomi H. Harley -- ch. 22. Risk from inhalation of the long-lived radionuclides uranium, thorium, and fallout plutonium in the atmosphere / Isabel M. Fisenne -- ch. 23. Health effects of aerosols : mechanisms and epidemiology / Ira B. Tager.
- Air pollution : health and environmental impacts 2010CRCnetBASE
- Airborne fine particulate matter pollution in casinos : performance of a real-time particle monitor and personal exposure to secondhand smoke 2010Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) has been associated with a number of health outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary malfunction, lung cancer, and mortality. To protect public health, over 100 countries have adopted comprehensive or partial legislations against smoking. In the United States, California was the first state to enact a statewide ban on smoking in indoor workplaces in 1994. However, due to the sovereign nation status of California Indian tribes, smoking is still allowed and exposure to SHS continues in nearly all California Indian casinos. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a major component of SHS pollution, and has been implicated as a risk factor for a range of chronic and acute diseases. The EPA's reference method for quantifying PM2.5 mass concentrations uses filter-based gravimetric samplers, which must be operated for many hours to collect enough sample. Since the gravimetric approach cannot measure short-term variations in PM2.5 levels, many personal exposure and environmental monitoring studies have employed real-time monitors for measuring PM2.5 concentrations. However, real-time monitors require proper calibration to accurately represent particle mass concentrations. This study characterized PM2.5 concentrations with real-time SidePak particle monitors in a large sample of California Indian casinos, spanning all sizes and distributed widely across the state. By comparing the SidePak measurements with the standard gravimetric method, we first calibrated the SidePak monitors for different types of aerosols commonly encountered indoors and outdoors, including SHS. We then modeled the response of SidePak monitors to SHS for a range of relative humidity levels. Finally, we designed a systematic casino monitoring protocol, using the calibrated real-time monitors, to examine PM2.5 concentrations in a field survey of 36 California Indian casinos and 8 Reno casinos.
- Also available: Print – 2013
- Analysis of pesticides in food and environmental samples 2008CRCnetBASEPesticides: classification and properties / José L. Tadeo, Consuelo Sánchez-Brunete, Lorena González -- Sample handling of pesticides in food and environmental samples / Esther Turiel, Antonio Martín-Esteban -- Analysis of pesticides by chromatographic techniques coupled with mass spectrometry / Simon Hird -- Immunoassays and biosensors / Jeanette M. Van Emon ... [et al.] -- Quality assurance / Árpád Ambrus -- Determination of pesticides in food of vegetal origin / Frank J. Schenck, Jon W. Wong -- Determination of pesticides in food of animal origin / Antonia Garrido Frenich, Jose Luis Martinez, Adrian Covaci -- Determination of pesticides in soil / Consuelo Sánchez-Brunete, Beatriz Albero, José L. Tadeo -- Determination of pesticides in water / Jay Gan, Svetlana Bondarenko -- Sampling and analysis of pesticides in the atmosphere / Maurice Millet -- Levels of pesticides in food and food safety aspects / Kit Granby ... [et al.] -- Monitoring of pesticides in the environment / Ioannus Konstantinou ... [et al.].
- Assessment of potential health effects from exposure to PAVE PAWS low-level phased-array radiofrequency energy 2005NAP
- Biomarkers of environmentally associated disease : technologies, concepts, and perspectives 2002CRCnetBASE
- Biosensors and environmental health. 1st ed. 2012CRCnetBASE"Biosensors have a biological component within them and can be used to detect, monitor or quantify environmental substances. Chapters have an abstract, key facts, applications to other areas of health and disease and a "mini-dictionary" of key terms and summary points. Coverage includes personal toxicity testing, soil and risk assessment, pesticide, insecticides, parasites, nitrate, endocrine disruptors, heavy metals, food contamination, whole cell bioreporters, bacterial biosensors, antibody-based biosensors, enzymatic, amperometric and electrochemical aspects, quorum sensing, DNA-biosensors, cantilever biosensors, bioluminescence and other methods and applications. Contributors are leading authorities and the book is essential reading for environmental scientists, toxicologists, medical doctors, health care professionals, pathologists, biologists, biochemists, chemists and physicists, general practitioners as well as those interested in disease and sciences in general. "-- Provided by publisher.
- Biotransformations : bioremediation technology for health and environmental protection 2002ScienceDirect
- The large and increasing burden of breast cancer demands innovative research and bold new approaches to uncover the intricate combination of factors inside and outside the body that lead to the disease. Based on our review of the state of the science, current programs and investments by federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and relevant communication efforts and policies, the IBCERCC offers seven recommendations to highlight the urgent need for coordinated, targeted efforts to identify and mitigate the environmental causes of breast cancer.
- 1,3-Butadiene, ethylene oxide and vinyl halides (vinyl fluoride, vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide) 2008IARC
- Characterizing and modeling close-proximity exposure to an air pollution source in naturally ventilated residences 2010Near an active indoor emission source, air pollutant levels are elevated and highly-variable, due to non-instantaneous mixing -- this causes great uncertainty in estimating a person's exposure level. This research investigated the magnitude and variability of short-term exposures close to an active point source inside 2 homes, under a range of natural ventilation conditions. The findings from a newly-developed monitor signal reconstruction method were applied to measurements from 30-37 real-time monitors to capture the spatial and temporal variations of concentrations over 30-min CO tracer gas releases. For 11 experiments involving 2 houses, with natural ventilation conditions ranging from < 0.2 to > 5 air changes per h, an eddy diffusion model was used to determine the turbulent diffusion coefficients. The air change rate showed a significant positive linear correlation with the air mixing rate, defined as the turbulent diffusion coefficient divided by a squared length scale representing the room size. To predict the magnitude of exposure close to an active source, an indoor dispersion model was formulated, invoking the theory of random walk, and incorporating the physical processes of anisotropic turbulent diffusion, removal of the air pollutant, and air pollutant wall reflection. Then, to capture the variability of concentrations in close proximity to an active source, a new piece-wise random walk algorithm was developed to stochastically simulate the transient directionality of emitted plume. The distribution of different exposure cases generated using this model reasonably covered the range of experimental measurements collected in 2 houses, while preserving ensemble averages satisfying the principle of Fickian diffusion.
- A total of 68 experiments were conducted in two homes under natural ventilation rates ranging from 0.2 -- 5.4 air exchanges per hour, each involving 12 to 37 real-time carbon monoxide (CO) or particulate matter (PM2.5) monitors placed in proximity (0.25 -- 5.0 m) to a controlled stationary point source. Concentrations measured in close proximity (within 1 m) to the source were highly variable, with 5-min averages that typically varied by > 100-fold. This variability was due to short-duration (< 10 s) pollutant concentration peaks ("microplumes") that were frequently recorded in close proximity to the source -- for PM2.5, these peaks often exceeded 1000 ug/m3. Compared with concentrations predicted assuming uniform, instantaneous mixing within the room, average concentrations measured within 0.25 m of the source were 6 -- 20 times as high. As distance from the active source increased the ratio of measured concentration to the well-mixed prediction decreased. For most cases, ratios approached 1 (well-mixed) at distances of 3 -- 5 m from the source. Air change rate and vertical distance from source to receptor were two factors that affected horizontal concentration profiles. Under natural ventilation conditions, as air change rate increased, the concentrations close to the source became more elevated, magnifying the proximity effect. Mechanical ventilation increased mixing in the room, and resulted in a diminished proximity effect. Vertical mixing of the pollutant was even more hindered, due to temperature stratifications present in the rooms -- the concentrations more than 0.5 m vertically from the height of a nonbuoyant plume rapidly approached the well-mixed prediction. For buoyant stationary plumes, such as emissions from a smoldering cigarette or stick of incense, the height of maximum concentrations was typically 0.5 -- 1 m above the source, due to plume rise. The rise of a buoyant plume was more limited under natural than mechanical ventilation conditions, presumably due to less temperature stratification. For an actual smoker, where both highly buoyant sidestream smoke and less buoyant exhaled mainstream smoke were generated, and where the cigarette was moved around by the smoker, emissions were dispersed over a broader vertical extent. However, for 20 indoor experiments involving 2-4 people sitting in close proximity to an active smoker, the magnitude of the proximity effect within 0.5 -- 1 m was comparable to measurements for the stationary nonbuoyant source experiments.
- Chemical ecology : from gene to ecosystem 2006Ebrary2006 MyiLibrary
- Chemical sensitivity v. 3-4, 1996-97.Print Materialv. 3. Clinical manifestations of pollutant overload -- v. 4. Tools of diagnosis and methods of treatment.
- The Context. Creating and Controlling Chemical Hazards: A Brief History / Jody A. Roberts -- Conferences. Stockholm, 1972: Conference on the Human Environment / Lars-Göran Engfeldt -- Rio 1992: The UN Conference on Environment and Development (The "Earth Summit") / Shelley Kath -- Johannesburg (2002) The World Summit on Sustainable Development / Shelley Kath -- International Conference on Chemicals Management 1 / Linn Persson and Viveka Bohn -- ICCM-2: Cementing Process and Making Progress toward the 2020 Goal / Melanie Ashton and Pia M. Kohler -- Global/Multilateral Instruments. The Aarhus Convention: Impact on Sound Chemicals Management with Special Emphasis on Africa / Ebeh Adayade Kodjo -- Global Collaborations in Managing Chemical and Environmental Risks: The Basel Convention--A Promising Future / Pierre Portas -- The Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol / Bert Metz -- Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution / Johan Sliggers -- The Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals: The System, Its History and Context, and the Future of Implementation / Cheryl Chang -- The International Code of Conduct on Distribution and Use of Pesticides / Gamini Manuweera -- The Kiev Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers / Michael Stanley-Jones -- The Rotterdam Convention / Ernest Mashimba -- Implementing the Stockholm Convention: An Increasingly Expensive Challenge / Pia M. Kohler and Melanie Ashton -- The Vienna Convention, Montreal Protocol, and Global Policy to Protect Stratospheric Ozone / David Downie -- SAICM. Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management: Development and Opportunities / Hamoudi Shubber -- Organizations. Food and Agriculture Organization / Mark Davis -- International Chemicals Management within the Global Environmental Governance Context / Achim Halpaap -- Managing Chemical Risks: The Role of the Chemical Industry / Michael Walls -- The Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety / Jack Weinberg -- International Labour Organization's Activities in the Area of Chemical Safety / Pavan Baichoo -- Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemical / Jan van der Kolk -- The International Panel on Chemical Pollution / Martin Scheringer, Åke Bergman, and Heidelore Fiedler -- The Role of the International POPs Elimination Network / Mariann Lloyd-Smith -- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development / Richard Sigman -- The Chemical Weapons Convention and the Work of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons / Boitumelo V. Kgarebe and Cristina B. Rodrigues -- National and International Scientific Societies' Role in Global Collaboration in Chemicals Management / John Duffus -- The Role of United Nations Development Programme in Sound Chemicals Management / Jan van der Kolk -- United Nations Environment Programme and UNEP Chemicals / Jan van der Kolk -- United Nations Industrial Development Organization / Heinz Leuenberger and Elisa Tonda -- United Nations Institute for Training and Research / Craig Boljkovac and Jan van der Kolk -- The Contributions of the World Health Organization to Sound Chemicals Management / John A. Haines -- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / Bert Metz -- Representative Country Implementations. Chilean Approach to Chemical Safety and Management / Asish Mohapatra and Sergio Peña Neira -- Chemical Management System in China: Past, Present, Future / DaeYoung Park -- Chemicals in Egypt: A Generic Perspective / Mohamed Tawfic Ahmed and Naglaa M. Loutfi -- Capacities for Chemicals and Pesticides Management in Ghana / John A. Pwamang -- Chemicals Management and Safety in India / Ravi Agarwal -- São Tomé and Príncipe and the Issue of Persistent Organic Pollutants / Arlindo Carvalho -- Activities, Challenges, and Accomplishments of the Republic of Slovenia in the Implementation of Chemical Management Instruments / Marta Ciraj -- Implementation of the Rotterdam Convention in Third World Countries: The Tanzania Experience / Ernest Mashimba -- Regional Activities. Tripartite Environmental Collaboration between China, Japan, and Korea in Chemical Management / Dae Young Park -- REACH: Next Step to a Sound Chemicals Management / Arnold van der Wielen -- North America Cooperation in Chemical Management / Asish Mohapatra and Phil Wexler -- Regional Cooperation among South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Countries in the Areas of Chemical and Environmental Risk Management / Lakshmi Raghupathy, Asish Mohapatra, Ravi Agarwal, and Jan van der Kolk -- Invited Essays. A Global Approach to Environmental Emergencies / Chris Dijkens -- Emerging Issues in Global Chemical Policy / Franz Perrez and Georg Karlaganis -- Financing Instruments Related to Chemicals and Waste Management / Ibrahima Sow -- Information Resources Supporting Global Chemicals Policy and Management / Asish Mohapatra and Philip Wexler -- Future Outlook. Future Outlook and Challenges / Jan van der Kolk and Ravi Agarwal.
- Chemical-specific adjustment factors for interspecies differences and human variability : guidance document for use of data in dose/concentration-response assessment. 2005WHO
- Children's health and the environment : a global perspective : a resource manual for the health sector 2005Print Material
- Chrysotile asbestos 2014WHOAlso available: Print – 2014
- ch. 1. Introduction : climate change and human well-being / Inka Weissbecker -- Part I. The impact of climate change -- ch. 2. The threat of climate change : psychological response, adaptation, and impacts / Joseph P. Reser, Shirley A. Morrissey, and Michelle Ellul -- ch. 3. Chronic environmental change : emerging 'psychoterratic' syndromes / Glenn Albrecht -- ch. 4. Extreme weather-related events : implications for mental health and well-being / David M. Simpson, Inka Weissbecker, and Sandra E. Sephton -- ch. 5. Humanitarian crisis : the need for cultural competence and local capacity building / Inka Weissbecker and Jennifer Czincz -- ch. 6. Security and conflict : the impact of climate change / Chad Michael Briggs and Inka Weissbecker -- Part II. Specific populations -- ch. 7. Women and climate change : vulnerabilities and challenges / Anita L. Wenden -- ch. 8. Climate change refugees / Michael Hollifield, Mind Thompson Fullilove, and Stevan E. Hobfoll -- Part III. Guidance and recommendations -- ch. 9. Resilience, spirituality and postraumatic growth : reshaping the effects of climate change / Tamasin Ramsay and Lenore Manderson -- ch. 10. Climate change, resilience and transformation : challenges and opportunities for local communities / Taegen Edwards and John Wiseman -- ch. 11. conclusions : implications for practice, policy, and further research / Inka Weissbecker.
- Historical Perspective of Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease / Paul David Blanc MD, MSPH -- The Occupational and Environmental History / Lawrence C. Mohr Jr. -- Use of Laboratory Tests in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Jean-Luc Malo -- Radiography and CT of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases /; Philip C. Goodman --; Environmental and Occupational Causes of Asthma / Marcos Ribeiro, Susan M. Tarlo -- Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis / Lawrence Ho, Ware G. Kuschner -- Air Pollution and Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Ellen Volker -- Unanswered Questions Regarding Asbestos Exposure: Concerns for the Next Generation / Daniel E. Banks -- Pneumoconiosis in the Twenty-First Century / Andrew J. Ghio -- Inhalation Injury / David J. Prezant, Dorsett D. Smith -- Hard Metal Lung Disease / Toshinori Takada, Hiroshi Moriyama -- Beryllium Disease / John Ferguson, Margaret M. Mroz -- Occupational Lung Cancer / Ignatius T. S. Yu, Lap-Ah Tse, Hong Qiu -- COPD in Non-smokers / K. B. Hubert Lam, Om P. Kurmi, Jon G. Ayres -- Emerging Issues in Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases / Yuh-Chin T. Huang -- Disability Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Clayton T. Cowl -- Global Impact of Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases / Eric D. Amster, David C. Christiani.
- Congenital diseases and the environment 2007Springer
- Also available: Print – 2011Part A. Report of WHO expert consultation on DDT rish characterization -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Consensus statement -- Part B. Hazard and exposure assessments -- 1. Summary and conclusions -- 2. Chemical identity -- 3. Exposure sources and metrics -- 4. Kinetics and metabolism -- 5. Hepatic effects and enzyme induction -- 6. Neurotoxicity -- 7. Immunotoxicity -- 8. Carcinogenicity -- 9. Genotoxicity -- 10. Endocrinological and reproductive effects -- 11. Hazard characterization -- 12. Exposure assessment.
- Dermal exposure 2014WHOAlso available: Print – 2014
- Draft toxicological profile for chromium 2008ATSDR
- Also available: Print – 2007
- Draft toxicological profile for radon 2008ATSDR
- Dust mites 2009Springer"The purpose of Dust Mites is to provide a comprehensive reference work for all readers with an involvement or interest in house dust mite research and management, incorporating ... the topics of systematics and identification, physiology, ecology, allergen biochemistry and molecular biology, epidemiology, mite control and allergen avoidance."--From publisher's notes.
- Ecohealth research in practice : innovative applications of an ecosystem approach to health 2012Springer
- Ecological studies v. 1-, 1970-Springer
- Ecology of harmful algae 2006Springer
- Exploring the linkages between ecosystems and human health -- Evolution towards an ecosystem approach to public health -- Ecosystem approaches to human health: key concepts and principles -- Community-based participatory research for ecohealth -- The process of conducting an ecohealth research project: a participatory action research approach -- Applying an ecosystem approach to community health research in Ghana: a case study -- Planning for a healthy community: a case study: phase II -- Challenges and ethical dilemmas in conducting participatory ecohealth research -- Ecosystem approaches to indigenous health -- Policy frameworks on health and environmental linkages -- Applying critical theory to environmental and health issues -- Examining environmental problems from a critical perspective -- Examining public health concerns from a critical perspective -- Towards a critical approach to ecohealth research and practice.
- Ecosystems and human health : toxicology and environmental hazards. Third edition [3rd ed.] 2013CRCnetBASE"The third edition of a bestseller, this book describes how chemical toxins and biological hazards impact the environment and people. Addressing how pollutants can alter the environment by contributing to global climate change, the author explores a broad range of environmental and health aspects of chemical and biological hazards. He includes numerous examples of the intimate relationship between ecosystem health and human health and emphasizes the need to consider this relationship whenever human activities are likely to have a significant environmental impact"-- Provided by publisher.
- Print MaterialWhy do ecosystems matter to human health? -- How have ecosystems changed and what are the health implications? -- What actions are required to address the health consequences of ecosystem change? -- How can priorities be established for actions to address the health consequences of ecosystem change? -- What are the policy implications of the most robust findings and key uncertainties?
- Ecotoxicology : a comprehensive treatment 2008CRCnetBASEI. Hierarchical ecotoxicology. The hierarchical science of ecotoxicology -- II. Organismal ecotoxicology. The organismal ecotoxicology context -- Biochemistry of toxicants -- Cells and tissues -- Organs and organ systems -- Physiology -- Bioaccumulation -- Models of bioaccumulation and bioavailability -- Lethal effects -- Sublethal effects -- Conclusion -- III. Population ecotoxicology. The population ecotoxicology context -- Epidemiology : the study of disease in populations -- Toxicants and simple population models -- Toxicants and population demographics -- Phenogenetics of exposed populations -- Population genetics : damage and stochastic dynamics of the germ line -- Population genetics : natural selection -- Conclusion -- IV. Community ecotoxicology. Introduction to community ecotoxicology -- Biotic and abiotic factors that regulate communities -- Biomonitoring and the responses of communities to contaminants -- Experimental approaches in community ecology and ecotoxicology -- Application of multimetric and multivariate approaches in community ecotoxicology -- Disturbance ecology and the responses of communities to contaminants -- Community responses to global and atmospheric stressors -- Effects of contaminants on trophic structure and food webs -- Conclusions -- V. Ecosystem ecotoxicology. Introduction to ecosystem ecology and ecotoxicology -- Overview of ecosystem processes -- Descriptive approaches for assessing ecosystem responses to contaminants -- The use of microcosms, mMesocosms, and field experiments to assess ecosystem responses to contaminants and other stressors -- Patterns and processes : the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function -- Fate and transport of contaminants in ecosystems -- Effects of global atmospheric stressors on ecosystem processes -- VI. Ecotoxicology : a comprehensive treatment--conclusion -- Conclusion.
- Effects of veterinary medicines in the environment 2009CRCnetBASE
- Electromagnetic fields, environment and health 2012Springer
- A global perspective on the management and prevention of emerging and re-emerging diseases Emerging infectious diseases are newly identified or otherwise previously unknown infections that cause public health challenges. Re-emerging infectious diseases are due to both the reappearance of and an increase in the number of infections from a disease that is known, but which had formerly caused so few infections that it was no longer considered a public health problem. The factors that cause the emergence or re-emergence of a disease are diverse. This book takes a look at the worl
- Environment exposure to pollutants 2015SpringerAlso available: Print – 2015The impairment of lung function caused by environmental exposure to pollutants and toxicants is a rising health problem, particularly in highly industrialized parts of the world. The problem is urgently calling for the development of new methodologies to assess both the level of elemental exposure and the effects for quality of health and longevity. This volume provides state-of-the-art information about the recent advances in occupational and non-occupational pollutant-related disorders of the respiratory tract, and the assessment of a threat they pose for the health-span. Heavy traffic-related air pollution, unnoticeable but salient health detriment, is dealt with at length.
- Environmental and microbial relationships. 2nd ed. 2007Springer
- Discipline of environmental and occupational medicine / William N. Rom -- The Role of surveillance in occupational health / Steven B. Markowitz -- The Occupational and environmental history and examination / John E. Parker -- Epidemiology of occupational diseases / Gary M. Marsh -- Occupational biostatistics / Howard E. Rockette -- Impairment, disability, and functional capacity / Alan L. Engelberg and William Greaves -- Molecular biology / John G. Hay -- TP53 tumor suppressor gene / S. Perwez Hussain and Curtis C. Harris -- Biomarkers / Sudhir Srivastava and Karl E. Krueger -- Genetic susceptibility / Chu-Ling Yu and David C. Christiani -- Environmental mutagenesis / C. Stuart Baxter -- Evaluation of occupational exposures and effects on male and female reproduction / Susan Rae Reutman and Grace K. LeMasters -- Particle deposition and pulmonary defense mechanisms / Morton Lippmann and Lung-chi Chen -- Lung immune defenses against environmental agents / Lester Kobzik -- Pulmonary function testing / Stuart M. Garay -- Imaging of pneumoconioses / David A. Lynch -- Molecular mechanisms of particle-induced lung disease / Arnold R. Brody and Gilbert F. Morris -- Analysis of fibrous and nonfibrous particles / Jerrold L. Abraham and Bryan R. Burnett -- Asbestosis, pleural fibrosis, and lung cancer / William N. Rom -- Malignant mesothelioma / Delia Nelson ... [et al.] -- Man-made vitreous fibers, vermiculite, and zeolite / James E. Lockey, Vikas Kapil, and Nancy K. Wiese -- Respiratory disease in coal miners / Michael D. Attfield, Vincent Castranova, and Gregory R. Wagner -- The Health effects of silica exposure / Ahmad S. Jalloul and Daniel E. Banks -- Hypersensitivity pneumonitis / Yvon Cormier and Yves Lacasse -- Inhalation fever / Paul David Blanc -- Occupational and environmental asthma / Stuart M. Brooks, Thomas Truncale, and James McCluskey -- Environment, genes, and immune mechanisms in asthma / Joan Reibman, Linda Rogers, and Maria Elena Fernandez-Beros -- Firefighter's health and health effects of the world trade center collapse / Michael Weiden ... [et al.] -- International byssinosis / Denise Harrison -- Isocyanates exposures and health effects / Carrie Redlich and Dhimiter Bello -- Occupational exposures as a cause of chronic airways disease / John R. Balmes -- Lung Diseases associated with silicates and other dust / Vinicius Antao, Germania Pinheiro, and John E. Parker -- Respiratory tract irritants / Tee Guidotti -- Simple asphyxiants / Marc Wilkenfeld -- Chemical asphyxiants / William S. Beckett -- Agricultural dust-induced lung disease / M. Brian Hartz, Nancy Sprince, and Joel Kline -- Upper airway disorders / Rebecca Bascom and Marina Y. Dolina -- Occupational skin disease / David Cohen and Megan M. Moore -- Toxic peripheral neuropathy / Margit L. Bleecker -- Human behavioral neurotoxicology / W. Kent Anger, Diane S. Rohlman, and Daniel Storzbach -- Occupational heart disease / Kenneth D. Rosenman -- Occupational eye disorders / Jason A. Goldsmith, Norman A. Zabriskie and Randall J. Olson -- Occupational infections / Kevin Dieckhaus -- Terrorism preparedness / Lewis Goldfrank and Howard Greller -- HIV in the workplace / Marty Markowitz ... [et al.] -- The Occupational risk of tuberculosis care / Kent A. Sepkowitz and Tara Palmore -- Hematologic effects of occupational hazards / John H. Ward -- Toxic liver disorders / John D. Groopman and Denise Johnson -- Environmental and occupational causes of toxic injury to the kidneys and urinary tract / Edward T. Zawada, Jr. -- Occupational bladder cancer / Steven B. Markowitz -- Psychiatric syndromes common to the workplace / Robert C. Larsen -- Alcohol and drug abuse in industry / Kent W. Peterson and Donna R. Smith -- Psychological job stress / Joseph J. Hurrell, Jr. -- Multiple chemical sensitivity / Alan M. Ducatman -- Gulf war illness / Howard Kipen and Melissa McDiarmid -- Occupational safety and human factors / Howard Sandler -- Ergonomics and occupational biomechanics / Manny Halpern -- Nonspecific low back pain / Margareta Nordin -- Carpal tunnel syndrome / Owen Kieran -- Toxicogenomics and exposure assessment / Samuel Wilson ... [et al.] -- Occupational and environmental exposure to lead / Alf Fischbein and Howard Hu -- Mercury / Lynn Goldman -- Cadmium / Dominique F. Lison and Violaine Verougstraete -- Arsenic / Toby G. Rossman -- Beryllium disease / Lisa A. Maier, Carol Gunn and Lee S. Newman -- Hard metal disease / Dominique F. Lison -- Chromium compounds / Mitchell D. Cohen and Max Costa -- Nickel compounds / Mitchell D. Cohen, Catherine Klein and Max Costa -- Metal compounds and rare earths / Bruce Fowler -- Organic solvents and fuels / Nancy L. Fiedler and Steven Lerman -- Benzene / Philip J. Landrigan -- Formaldehyde / Dean B. Baker -- Ethylene oxide / Anthony D. LaMontagne, N. Kyle Steenland and Karl T. Kelsey -- Pesticides / Marc B. Schenker, Steven R. Offerman, and Timothy E. Albertson -- Health effects of agent orange, other military herbicides, and dioxins / Jeanne M. Stellman and Steven D. Stellman -- Pentachlorophenol and tetrachlorophenol / Glenys M. Webster, Shona J. Kelly and Kay Teschke -- Polychlorinated biphenyls / Stephen H. Safe -- Trimellitic anhydride and other acid anhydrides / Leslie C. Grammer and Kathleen E. Harris -- Carbon disulfide / Stephen M. Levin and Ruth Lilis -- N Nitrosamines / Stephen S. Hecht -- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and petroleum industry / Steven D. Stellman and Tee L. Guidotti -- Occupational hazards in the microelectronics industry / Joseph LaDou -- Radiation carcinogenesis / Fred Burns ... [et al.] -- Nonionizing radiation / W. Gregory Lotz -- Occupational exposure to noise / Robert J. McCunney and John Meyer -- Dysbarism / Rafael E. de la Hoz -- High-altitude illnesses / William N. Rom -- Thermal extremes in the work environment / Kathleen A. Delaney and Lewis R. Goldfrank -- Occupational exposure to vibration / Donald E. Wasserman and Jack Wasserman -- Shift work and long work hours / Claire Caruso and Roger R. Rosa -- Sleep disorders and work / Joyce A. Walsleben, Edward B. O'Malley, and David M. Rapoport -- Sick building syndrome and building-related illness / Kathleen Kreiss -- Air pollution : outdoor and indoor sources / George D. Thurston -- Air pollution : epidemiology / Johnathan Samet -- Air pollution : human health studies / Robert B. Devlin and Donald Graff -- Air pollution : toxicological studies / Terry Gordon -- Ozone / Morton Lippmann -- Nitrogen oxides / Richard Schlesinger -- Sulfur dioxide / Mark Frampton and Mark J. Utell -- Particulate matter / Sverre Vedal and Jeffrey H. Sullivan -- Acid rain / Kathleen C. Weathers, Gene E. Likens, and Thomas J. Butler -- Cigarette smoking / Jonathan Samet and Stephen S. Hecht -- Bioaccumulation and toxicities of aromatic hydrocarbon contaminants at different trophic levels of the Hudson River ecosystem / Isaac I. Wirgin -- The Built environment / Howard Frumkin -- Biological and medical implications of global warming / Paul R. Epstein -- Chlorofluorocarbons and destruction of the ozone layer / Mario J. Molina and Luisa T. Molina -- Environmental law and policy / Jeffrey G. Miller -- Clean Air Act / Daniel Greenbaum -- Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health / John Howard -- United States Environmental Protection Agency / Kathleen Callahan ... [et al.] -- Environmental health practice and research at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry / Thomas H. Sinks and Henry Falk -- Risk assessment and economic evaluation / James Hammitt -- Workers' compensation / Nicholas A. Ashford -- International occupational and environmental health / Joseph LaDou -- Children's environmental health research / Frederica Perera and Sheila Viswanathan -- Disparities in environmental and occupational health / George Friedman-Jiménez and Luz Claudio -- Industrial hygiene measurement and control / Beverly S. Cohen -- Respirators / Philip Harber -- The Occupational health service / Peter Rabinowitz and Oyebode Taiwo -- Moral questions of occupational and environmental medicine / Sheldon Samuels -- New frontiers in environmental health research / David A. Schwartz, Brenda K. Weis, and Samuel H. Wilson.
- Environmental biomedicine 2015SpringerAlso available: Print – 2015The book presents the latest advances in research into health effects of air pollution, with heavy motor vehicle traffic or cigarette smoke as the exemplar of pollution. The airways are the first-line defense system against pollution. The book focuses on respiratory ailments underlain by inflammation, increased susceptibility to infection, particularly acquired during harsh environmental conditions and exposures to particulate matter or pathogens. The importance of astute analysis of lung function for early diagnosis of disorders is underscored. A knowledge deficit concerning the aerosolized drug delivery through the airways also is addressed. Recent developments and viewpoints in the field of environmental health hazards as well as methodological advances in their assessment are provided. The book will be of interest to pulmonologists, healthcare providers, researchers and clinicians engaged in environment-related respiratory diseases, but also to policy makers concerned with clean ambient air quality.
- Environmental effects of afforestation in North-Western Europe : from field observations to decision support 2007Springer
- Exposure to environmental toxicants is associated with changes in DNA methylation and gene expression profiles that together can contribute to increased disease susceptibility. The chapters in this volume, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Disease Origins, address a wide range of environmental exposures, such as airborne particulates, cocaine, radiation, tobacco smoke, and xenoestrogens. Particular emphasis is placed on the consequences of environmental exposures during development on epigenetic reprogramming that influences adult disease pathogenesis. Health outcomes associated with these exposures include autoimmune disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and cancer. Importantly, dietary supplements and drugs can modify the epigenetic effects induced by these agents, thereby reducing their toxicological impact. The overall purpose of this volume and its companion, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Complex Diseases, is to give readers an overview of how environmental exposures during early development can influence disease formation by disrupting epigenetic processes and developmental programming.
- Environmental factors in skin diseases 2007KargerAlso available: Print – 2007
- Environmental health criteria v. 1-, 1976-WHOAlso available: Print – v. 1-45, 48-65, 68-105, 107-108, 113, 115-119, 121-166, 168-176, 178-223, 225-233, 238-239, 241- <243>, [1976-<2014>]
- Environmental health procedures. 6th ed. 2002CRCnetBASE
- Globalization and sustainable growth -- Bioethics, environmental pollution and poverty -- Organizational performance and sustainability -- Environmental management and human progress -- Renewable energy. Ecosystems and environmental health -- Materials recycling and water treatment.
- Environmental toxicology 2005ScienceDirectThe utility of zebrafish as a model for toxicological research / Michael J. Carvan III, Tisha King Heiden and Henry Tomasiewicz -- Use of fish cell lines in the toxicology and ecotoxicology of fish : piscine cell lines in environmental toxicology / N.C. Bols, V.R. Dayeh, L.E.J. Lee and K. Schirmer -- Approaches in proteomics and genomics for eco-toxicology -- Nancy D. Denslow, Iris Knoebl and Patrick Larkin -- Interactions between lipids and persistent organic pollutants in fish / Adria A. Elskus, Tracy K. Collier and Emily Monosson -- Metabolic fate of nonylphenols and related phenolic compounds in fish / Jean-Pierre Cravedi and Daniel Zalko -- Pesticide biotransformation in fish / Daniel Schlenk -- Xenobiotic receptors in fish : Structural and functional diversity and evolutionary insights / Mark E. Hahn, Rebeka R. Merson and Sibel I. Karchner -- Impacts of environmental toxicants and natural variables on the immune system of fishes / Karen G. Burnett -- Fish models of carcinogenesis / Gary K. Ostrander and Jeanette M. Rotchell -- Metallothionein : structure and regulation / Peter Kling and Per-Erik Olsson -- Cell death : investigation and application in fish toxicology / Antony W. Wood, David M. Janz and Glen J. Van Der Kraak -- Adrenal toxicology : environmental pollutants and the HPI axis / Alice Hontela -- Xenobiotic impact on corticosteroid signaling / Mathilakath M. Vijayan, Patrick Prunet and Adrienne N. Boone -- Thyroid hormones / J.G. Eales and S.B. Brown -- The biology and toxicology of retinoids in fish / D. Alsop, Glen J. Van Der Kraak, S.B. Brown and J.G. Eales -- Vitellogenesis and endocrine disruption / Naoshi Hiramatsu, Ann O. Cheek, Craig V. Sullivan, Takahiro Matsubara and Akihiko Hara -- Pharmaceuticals in the environment : drugged fish? / Vance L. Trudeau, Chris D. Metcalfe, Caroline Mimeault and Thomas W. Moon -- P-glycoproteins and xenobiotic efflux transport in fish / Armin Sturm and Helmut Segner.
- Environmental tracking for public health surveillance 2013CRCnetBASE"Satellite imagery and data are widely used in public health surveillance to provide early warning of disease outbreaks and for averting pandemics. Convergence of these technologies began in the 1970s and has gained wide acceptance in the 21st Century. This book is written jointly by experts in both the health and Earth-science technologies. Each chapter is accompanied by an extensive list of citations to provide background and validation of the current state-of-the-art for a variety of high-interest human diseases and associated health and well-being issues. The importance of day-to-day weather patterns, the impacts of severe weather events and longer-term climate cycles form the basis for developing information systems that meet goals and expectations of national and international health monitoring bodies"--Provided by publisher.
- 1. Enzyme Activities and Microbiological and Biochemical Processes in Soil / Paolo Nannipieri, Ellen Kandeler, and Pacifico Ruggiero -- 2. Ecology of Microbial Enzymes in Lake Ecosystems / Ryszard Jan Chróst and Waldemar Siuda -- 3. Ecological Significance of Bacterial Enzymes in the Marine Environment / Hans-Georg Hoppe, Carol Arosti, and Gerhard F. Herndl -- 4. Enzymes and Microorganisms in the Rhizosphere / David C. Naseby and James M. Lynch -- 5. Enzymes in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis / José Manuel García-Garrido, Juan Antonio Ocampo, and Inmaculada García-Romera -- 6. Microbes and Enzymes Associated with Plant Surfaces / Alan P. Thompson and Mark J. Bailey -- 7. Microbial Enzymes in the Biocontrol of Plant Pathogens and Pests / Leonid Cherin and Ilan Chet -- 8. Microbiology and Enzymology of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling / Robert L. Tate III -- 9. Enzyme and Microbial Dynamics of Litter Decomposition / Robert L. Sinsabaugh, Margaret M. Carreiro, and Sergio Alvarez -- 10. Fungal Communities, Succession, Enzymes, and Decomposition / Annelise H. Kjøller and Sten Struwe -- 11. Enzyme Adsorption on Soil Mineral Surfaces and Consequences for the Catalytic Activity / Hervé Quiquampoix, Sylvie Servagent-Noinville, and Marie-Hélène Baron -- 12. Microbes and Enzymes in Biofilms / Jana Jass, Sara K. Roberts, and Hilary M. Lappin-Scott -- 13. Search for and Discovery of Microbial Enzymes from Thermally Extreme Environments in the Ocean / Jody W. Deming and John A. Baross -- 14. Molecular Methods for Assessing and Manipulating the Diversity of Microbial Populations and Processes / Søren J. Sørensen, Julia R. de Lipthay, Anne Kirstine Müller, Tamar Barkay, Lars H. Hansen, and Lasse Dam Rasmussen -- 15. Bioindicators and Sensors of Soil Health and the Application of Geostatistics / Ken Killham and William J. Staddon -- 16. Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities to Assess Soil Degradation and Recovery / Tom W. Speir and Des J. Ross -- 17. Enzymatic Responses to Pollution in Sediments and Aquatic Systems / Sabine Kuhbier, Hans-Joachim Lorch, and Johannes C.G. Ottow -- 18. Microbial Dehalogenation Reactions in Microorganisms / Lee A. Beaudette, William J. Staddon, Michael B. Cassidy, Marc Habash, Hung Lee, and Jack T. Trevors -- 19. Isolated Enzymes for the Transformation and Det6xification of Organic Pollutants / Liliana Gianfreda and Jean-Marc Bollag -- 20. Enzyme-Mediated Transformations of Heavy Metals/Metalloids: Applications in Bioremediation / Robert S. Dungan and William T. Frankenberger, Jr. -- 21. Enzymes in Soil: Research and Developments in Measuring Activities / M. Ali Tabatabai and Warren A. Dick.
- Print Material
- Print Material
- Exposure analysis 2007CRCnetBASE
- Fate and transport of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment impacted by septic systems 2011The contamination of water supplies by organic contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) pose a potential risk to the health of humans and ecosystems. Septic systems under the best circumstances produce effluent quality equivalent to biologically or secondarily treated wastewater, which is known to be inefficient for removal of many PPCPs. This dissertation examines septic systems as a source of PPCP pollution. The occurrence, fate, and transport of a set of 25 organic contaminants commonly found in wastewater was studied at the scale of a watershed, a septic system, and in microcosms that simulated the geochemical conditions of a septic plume. The septic system study was carried out at Stinson Beach, CA and the watershed study at Liberty Bay, WA. The tested compounds included 19 pharmaceuticals, three personal care products, two herbicides and one flame retardant. They encompassed a structurally diverse group of chemicals with a wide range of physicochemical properties, with Log Kow ranging -0.07 to 4.77 as well as acidic and basic properties. First, sediments from Stinson Beach, CA were used in batch microcosm experiments to assess biotransformation and sorption under conditions simulating an aerobic groundwater system and the nitrate and sulfate reducing conditions of a septic plume. Transformation was found, in general, to be slower under anaerobic conditions than aerobic conditions. Half-lives ranged from 4 days to longer than 365 days for all conditions. Sorption did not fit the commonly used hydrophobic models governed by Log Kow, indicating the significance of factors other than hydrophobicity. These factors may include hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction due to one or several polar functional groups. Second, the occurrence and transport of PPCPs in a single septic system along the California coast was documented. Findings indicated that many PPCPs were refractory and mobile under the conditions of a leach field contaminant plume. Finally, in a watershed scale study in Liberty Bay, Washington, the occurrence of PPCPs thought to originate from septic systems was evaluated. The findings are consistent with laboratory data and usage patterns. The overall results of this dissertation suggest that septic systems, which support 25% of the United States population, may be a significant source of PPCP contamination to groundwater and surface waters.
- Preface -- 1. Introduction; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- 2. Water relations of fungi in indoor environments; O.C.G. Adan et al -- 3. Fungal growth and humidity fluctuations: a toy model; H.P. Huinink, O.C.G. Adan -- 4. The fungal cell; J. Dijksterhuis -- 5. Ecology and general characteristics of indoor fungi; R.A. Samson -- 6. Characteristics and identification of indoor wood-decaying basidiomycetes; O. Schmidt, T. Huckfeldt -- 7. Health effects from mold and dampness in housing in western societies: early epidemiology studies and barriers to further progress; J.D. Miller -- 8. Aerosolized fungal fragments; B.J. Green et al -- 9. Mycotoxins on building materials; K.F. Nielsen, J.C. Frisvad -- 10. WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mold; O.O. Hänninen -- 11. Moisture content measurement; B.J.F. Erich, L. Pel -- 12. The fungal resistance of interior finishing materials; O.C.G. Adan -- 13. Detection of indoor fungi bioaerosols; J.A. Scott et al -- 14. Mold remediation in North American buildings; P.R. Morey -- 15. Mold remediation in West-European buildings; T. Warscheid -- 16. Protection of wood; M.F. Sailer, W.J. Homan -- 17. Coating and surface treatment of wood; H. Viitanen, A.-C. Ritschkoff -- 18. Recommendations; O.C.G. Adan, R.A. Samson -- Contributors -- Index.
- Toxicogenomics in ecological risk assessments: regulatory context, technical background, and workshop overview / Gerald Ankley, Ann Miracle, and Edward Perkins -- Application of genomics to screening / Sean W. Kennedy ... [et al.] -- Application of genomics to tiered testing / Charles R. Tyler ... [et al.] -- Application of genomics to regulatory ecological risk assessments for pesticides / Sigmund J. Degitz ... [et al.] -- Application of genomics to assessment of the ecological risk of complex mixtures / Edward Perkins ... [et al.] -- Applications of genomic technologies to ecological risk assessments at remediation and restoration sites / Ann L. Miracle ... [et al.] -- Toxicogenomics in ecological risk assessments: a prospectus / George P. Daston ... [et al.]. Toxicogenomics in ecological risk assessments: regulatory context, technical background, and workshop overview / Gerald Ankley, Ann Miracle, and Edward Perkins -- The development of genomic-based screening assays for ecotoxicology / Sean W. Kennedy ... [et al.] -- Application of genomics to tiered testing / Charles R. Tyler ... [et al.] -- Application of genomics to regulatory ecological risk assessments for pesticides / Sigmund J. Degitz ... [et al.] -- Molecular biology and risk assessment: evaluation of the potential roles of genomics in regulatory ecotoxicology / Edward Perkins ... [et al.] -- Applications of genomic technologies to ecological risk assessments at remediation and restoration sites / Ann L. Miracle ... [et al.] -- Toxicogenomics in ecological risk assessments: a prospectus / George P. Daston ... [et al.].
- Global climate change and public health 2014SpringerPulmonary physicians and scientists currently have minimal capacity to respond to climate change and its impacts on health. The extent to which climate change influences the prevalence and incidence of respiratory morbidity remains largely undefined. However, evidence is increasing that climate change does drive respiratory disease onset and exacerbation as a result of increased ambient and indoor air pollution, desertification, heat stress, wildfires, and the geographic and temporal spread of pollens, molds and infectious agents. Preliminary research has revealed climate change to have potentially direct and indirect adverse impacts on respiratory health. Published studies have linked climate change to increases in respiratory disease, including the following: changing pollen releases impacting asthma and allergic rhinitis, heat waves causing critical care-related diseases, climate driven air pollution increases, exacerbating asthma and COPD, desertification increasing particulate matter (PM) exposures, and climate related changes in food and water security impacting infectious respiratory disease through malnutrition (pneumonia, upper respiratory infections). High level ozone and ozone exposure has been linked to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, and acute lower respiratory infection. Global Climate Change and Public Health is an important new volume based on the research, findings, and discussions of US and international experts on respiratory health and climate change. This volume addresses issues of major importance to respiratory health and fills a major gap in the current literature.
- Handbook of biological effects of electromagnetic fields. Biological and medical aspects of electromagnetic fields. 3rd ed. 2007.CRCnetBASE
- Handbook of environmental health. 4th ed. v. 1-2, 2002-03.CRCnetBASEv. 2, 2002 CRCnetBASEv. 1. Biological, chemical, and physical agents of environmentally related disease -- v. 2. Pollutant interactions in air, water, and soil.
- Harmonization Project document v. 1-6, 8, 2004-08, 2010.WHOno. 2 (2005) WHOno. 3 (2005) WHOno. 4 (2007) WHOno. 5 (2008) WHOno. 6 (2008) WHOno. 8 (2010) WHOAlso available: Print – v. 1-6, 8, 2004-08, 2010.The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) is leading a project to harmonize approaches to the assessment of risk from exposure to chemicals. The goal of this project is to globally harmonize approaches to risk assessment by increasing understanding and developing basic principles and guidance on specific chemical risk assessment issues. Harmonization enables efficient use of resources and consistency among assessments.--Website.
- Hayes' Handbook of pesticide toxicology. 3rd ed. v. 1-2, 2010ScienceDirectThe Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is a comprehensive, two-volume reference guide to the properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides that provides the latest and most complete information to researchers investigating the environmental, agricultural, veterinary, and human-health impacts of pesticide use. Written by international experts from academia, government, and the private sector, the Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is an in-depth examination of critical issues related to the need for, use of, and nature of chemicals used in modern pest management. This updated third edition carries on the book's tradition of serving as the definitive reference on pesticide toxicology and recognizes the seminal contribution of Wayland J. Hayes, Jr., co-Editor of the first edition. Feature: Presents a comprehensive look at all aspects of pesticide toxicology in one reference work. Benefit: Saves researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest definitive details on toxicity of specific pesticides as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles. Feature: Clear exposition of hazard identification and dose response relationships in each chapter featuring pesticide agents and actions Benefit: Connects the experimental laboratory results to real-life applications in human health, animal health and the environment. Feature: All major classes of pesticide considered. Benefit: Provides relevance to a wider variety of researchers who are conducting comparative work in pesticides or their health impacts. Feature: Different routes of exposure critically evaluated. Benefit: Connects the loop between exposure and harmful affects to those who are researching the affects of pesticides on humans or wildlife.
- Hazardous substances and human health : exposure impact and external cost assessment at the European scale 2006ScienceDirect
- Health and the environment in the Southeastern United States : rebuilding unity: workshop summary 2002NAP
- Print MaterialFactors in health and wellness -- Education and training : learned and non-learned -- Religion and medicine -- Women's health -- Health in infancy, childhood, and old age -- Infectious disease in the premodern world -- Environmental and occupational hazards -- Surgery and manual operations -- The brain and mental disorders -- The apothecary and his pharmacopeia -- War and health -- Institutions and health -- Healing and the arts.
- Health in the green economy : health co-benefits of climate change mitigation - housing sector. 2011WHOAlso available: Print – 20111. Overview of housing and climate/environment linkages -- 2. Review of housing and health risks -- 3. Evaluating health co-benefits and risks of IPCC-reviewed mitigation strategies -- 4. Gap analysis: optimizing health benefits and correcting risks of mitigation strategies -- 5. Tools to assess, plan and finance healthy and climate-friendly housing -- 6. Case studies of good practice -- 7. Conclusions and recommendations.
- Print Material
- Part 1. The Atmospheric CO₂ record -- The rise of trees and how they changed Paleozoic atmospheric CO₂, climate, and geology / Robert A. Berner -- Atmospheric CO₂ during the late Paleozoic and Mesozoic: estimates from Indian soils / Prosenjit Ghosh ... [et al.] -- Alkenone-based estimates of past CO2 levels: a consideration of their utility based on an analysis of uncertainties / Katherine H. Freeman, Mark Pagani -- Atmospheric CO₂ data from ice cores: four climatic cycles / Thomas Blunier ... [et al.] -- Atmospheric CO₂ and ¹³CO₂ exchange with the terrestrial biosphere and oceans from 1978 to 2000: observations and carbon cycle implications / Charles D. Keeling ... [et al.] -- Part 2. Biotic responses to long-term changs in atmospheric CO₂ -- Evolutionary responses of land plants to atmospheric CO₂ / David J. Beerling -- Cretaceous CO₂ decline and the radiation and diversification of angiosperms / Jennifer C. McElwain ... [et al.] -- Influence of uplift, weathering, and base cation supply on past and future CO₂ levels / Jacob R. Waldbauer, C. Page Chamberlain -- Atmospheric CO₂, environmental stress, and the evolution of C₄ photosynthesis / Rowan F. Sage -- The influence of atmospheric CO₂, temperature, and water on the abundance of C₃/C₄ taxa / James R. Ehleringer -- Evolution and growth of plants in a low CO₂ world / Joy K. Ward -- Environmentally driven dietary adaptations in African mammals / Thure E. Cerling ... [et al.] -- Terrestrial mammalian herbivore response to declining levels of atmospheric CO₂ during the Cenozoic: evidence from North American fossil horses (family Equidae) / Bruce J. MacFadden -- CO₂, grasses, and human evolution / Nicholaas J. van der Merwe -- Part 3. Atmospheric CO₂ and modern ecosystems -- The carbon cycle over the past 1000 years inferred from the inversion of ice core data / Cathy Trudinger ... [et al.] -- Remembrance of weather past: ecosystem responses to climate variability / David Schimel ... [et al.] -- Effects of elevated CO₂ on keystone herbivores in modern arctic ecosystems / Scott R. McWilliams, James O. Leafloor -- Part 4. Ecosystem responses to a future atmospheric CO₂ -- Modern and future forests in a changing atmosphere / Richard J. Norby ... [et al.] -- Modern and future semi-arid and arid ecosystems / M. Rebecca Shaw ... [et al.] -- Effects of CO₂ on plants at different timescales / Belinda E. Medlyn, Ross E. McMurtrie -- Herbivory in a world of elevated CO₂ / Richard L. Lindroth, M. Denise Dearing -- Borehole temperatures and climate change: a global perspective / Robert N. Harris, David S. Chapman.
- Homeostasis, tumor, metastasis 2014SpringerHuman homeostasis refers to complex interactions to regulate and maintain the internal conditions of the organism under stable condition. In spite of the progress made on cell growth and division, the circuits that coordinate these processes and maintain the homeostatic balance between cell growth and cell death have not been clarified. Deregulation of homeostatic processes results in different forms of imbalances that can turn to diseases including hepatitis, cyrrhosis and tumor formation. Abnormal growth of tissues can lead to a broad spectrum of neoplastic diseases from tissue swelling, primary tumor formation, cancer and ultimately to secondary tumors known as metastases. Tumor formation is a complex process, that develops through many steps. The discussion of balance and its loss in cell growth, primary and secondary tumor formation necessitate basic information in chemistry (carcinogenesis), biochemistry (metabolism), physics (instrumentation), cell biology (compartments), anatomy, physiology, clinical experience (screening, medical imaging, therapy). The focus of this book has been placed on: a) balance of cell growth, b) tumor formation, c) development of cancer and metastasis, e) diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The steps of the lymphatic type of metastatic tumor spread are described. Due to the interdisciplinary nature, the book gives information for a wide audience including biology, biotechnology, molecular, ecology, medical, pharmacist, chemist students. Additional information is provided for biomedical, pharma, medical and life scientists, physicians and health care professionals.
- Also available: Print – 2010Household Use of Solid Fuels -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale -- -- High-temperature Frying -- 1. Exposure data -- 2. Studies of cancer in humans -- 3. Studies of cancer in experimental animals -- 4. Mechanistic and other relevant data -- 5. Summary of data reported -- 6. Evaluation and rationale
- Human toxicology of chemical mixtures. 2nd ed. 2011ScienceDirectIn this important reference work, Zeliger catalogs the known effects of chemical mixtures on the human body and also proposes a framework for understanding and predicting their actions in terms of lipophile (fat soluble) / hydrophile (water soluble) interactions. The author's focus is on illnesses that ensue following exposures to mixtures of chemicals that cannot be attributed to any one component of the mixture. In the first part the mechanisms of chemical absorption at a molecular and macromolecular level are explained, as well as the body's methods of defending itself against xenobiotic intrusion. Part II examines the sources of the chemicals discusssed, looking at air and water pollution, food additives, pharmaceuticals, etc. Part III, which includes numerous case studies, examines specific effects of particular mixtures on particular body systems and organs and presents a theoretical framework for predicting what the effects of uncharacterized mixtures might be. Part IV covers regulatory requirements and the need to adjust recommended exposure levels for products containing mixtures. It also contains recommendations on how to limit exposure to mixtures in the products we use and on how to limit release of mixtures into the environment. Providing brief summaries of each mixture and its effects, Zeliger provides a comprehensive reference, a jumping off point for professionals (with extensive chapter bibliographies) and an introduction to the topic for those studying traditional toxicology. Addressing many inadequately understood illnesses and conditions such as asthma, infertility and cancer, it will also be of interest to health professionals, environmental scientists and lawyers. Presents a theoretical framework for predicting the effects of chemical mixtures for which no specific data exists (this predictive aspect is important due to the vast number of different potential chemical combinations - far too many to comprehensively catalog). A quick and convenient source of hard to come by data on the rapidly developing field of chemical mixtures, for groups including chemists and engineers, toxicologists, health professionals and environmental scientists. . New and updated material comprises over 30% of this timely new edition, which includes the latest research data alongside an expanded introduction to the science and art of predicting the toxicological properties of chemical mixtures.
- Human viruses in water 2007ScienceDirect
- Illness and indicators of beach water quality on the California coast : an interdisciplinary study in oceans and human health 2011This work takes a multi-disciplinary approach to ocean and human health research by investigating illness/climate relationships through time series modeling and evaluating two microbial source tracking tools for human specificity. In each case the subject of the work is the California coast. In the first project, associations were characterized and modeled between four gastrointestinal illnesses and a number of climate factors across an eleven-year time series of data from Orange County, CA. The results suggest that incidence of gastrointestinal illness in Orange County may increase as a result of rising temperatures due to global climate change. The second project evaluated the use of Enterococcus species differentiation as a microbial source tracking tool in California recreational waters. The results indicate that no single Enterococcus species is a reliable indicator of the host fecal source; however, Enterococcus species composite 'fingerprints' may offer auxiliary evidence for bacterial source identification. The third project evaluated the distribution of the enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene in E. faecium in the Pacific coast environment as well as the distribution and diversity of the gene in Northern California animal hosts. The gene was found to be widespread in non-human animal feces and DNA sequence analysis revealed that esp gene sequences were not divergent between hosts. Overall, the work presented here indicates that gastrointestinal illness rates in California may increase over time, and that Enterococcus-based microbial source tracking methods are insufficient tools to assess risk from recreational water exposure.
- Illusion of certainty : health benefits and risks 2007Springer
- Illustrated dictionary and resource directory of environmental and occupational health. 2nd ed. 2005CRCnetBASE
- Illustrated handbook of toxicology 2011Thieme BookThis book serves as a hands-on guide to various poison treatments and offers supplemental public health information. Each two-page unit features concise text on the left complemented by full-color illustrations on the opposing page. The expert author distinguishes harmful toxic substances and catalogues their specific effects on the human body, plants, animals, and the surrounding environment. The handbook also addresses other topics, including biological warfare, modern toxicological methods, and threshold values. Features include: succinct, user-friendly organization so readers can navigate the content with ease; over 600 detailed images and diagrams arranged on 150 full-color plates illustrate exposures and toxicological effects on humans, plants, and animals; well-researched, objective risk analysis on toxic exposures accompanied by relevant images; extensive glossary of key toxicological terms that provide readers with the accurate information they need to avoid dangerous confusion.
- Impact of pollution on animal products 2008Springer
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A repository of medical knowledge from internal medicine, cardiology, genetics, pharmacy, diagnosis and management, basic sciences, patient care, and more. Continuously expanding, all databases in the repository contain the latest editions of selected medical titles.MicroMedex: Premier pharmaceutical information source containing multiple databases and drug reference tools. Of particular value is DRUGDEX Evaluations, one of the most comprehensive drug sources available.DynaMed is a clinical information resource used by physicians to answer clinical questions quickly and easily at the point of care. Topics are updated daily as new evidence becomes available. Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books and conference proceedings.A drug information resource containing: American Hospital Formulary System (AHFS), drug formulary for Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (LPCH) and Stanford Hospital & Clinics (SHC), Lexi-Drugs (adverse reactions, dosage and administration, mechanism of action, storage, use, and administration information), Lexi-Calc, Lexi-ID, Lexi-I.V. Compatibility (King Guide), Lexi-Interact, and Lexi-PALS.Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) contains coverage of nursing and allied health literature.A knowledge database that provides access to topic reviews based on over 6000 clinically relevant articles. The evidence-based content, updated regularly, provides the latest practice guidelines in 59 medical specialtiesProvides critical assessments of systematic reviews compiled from a variety of medical journals.Selects from the biomedical literature original studies and systematic reviews that are immediately clinically relevant and then summarizes these articles in an enhanced abstract with expert commentary.Multidisciplinary coverage of over 10,000 high-impact journals in the sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities, as well as international proceedings coverage for over 120,000 conferences. Includes cited reference searching, citation maps, and an analyze tool.Features systematic reviews that summarize the effects of interventions and makes a determination whether the intervention is efficacious or not. Cochrane reviews are created through a strict process of compiling and analyzing data from multiple randomized control trials to ensure comprehensiveness and reliability.Provides systematic coverage of the psychological literature from the 1800s to the present through articles, book chapters and dissertations.BMJ Clinical Evidence. A clinical information tool built around systematic reviews summarizing the current state of knowledge about prevention and treatment of clinical conditions.PIER (Physicians' Information and Education Resource) is a Web-based decision-support tool designed for rapid point-of-care delivery of up-to-date, evidence-based guidance for primary care physicians.Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) provides access to 300,000 controlled trials that have been identified the Cochrane Collaboration.Provides drug information targeted for patients.A continually updating drug monograph.The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC): A comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents.MedlinePlus: A repository of health information from the National Library of Medicine. Links are from trusted sites. No advertising, no endorsement of commercial companies or productsLPCH CareNotes via MicroMedex: Patient education handouts customized by LPCH clinical staffMicromedex Lab Advisor: Evidence based laboratory test informationA drug database organized by generic name, trade name and drug class.LPCH / Stanford Hospital Formulary.A goldmine of trusted consumer health information from the world's largest medical library.A trusted source of expert advice for and about kids, providing the information necessary to help patients and parents understand their unique needs.Provides patient handouts from the American Academy of Family Physician.Access to the Stanford Health Library for patients.Lane provides access to over 5,000 eBooks many of which provide helpful background material that will prepare you to better tackle primary literature.Largest, broadest eBook package; covers all sciences, as well as technology (including software), medicine, and humanities. In addition to covering Wiley and Springer, MyiLibrary is also the only provider for Oxford and Cambridge University Press titles. No seat restrictions.A collection of biomedical books that can be searched directly by concept, and linked to terms in PubMed abstracts.A web-based, decision support system for infectious diseases, epidemiology, microbiology and antimicrobial chemotherapy. The database, updated weekly, currently includes 337 diseases, 224 countries, 1,147 microbial taxa and 306 antibacterial (-fungal, -parasitic, -viral) agents and vaccines. Over 10,000 notes outline the status of specific infections within each country.
Large number of high quality software and database programming titles from O'Reilly. Other software titles are also available from Sams and Prentice Hall. Limited to 7 concurrent users.Vast collection of software and database programming titles from multiple publishers, including Microsoft Press.Largest provider of engineering-related eBooks; includes titles in computer science and biomedical engineering.Over 4,000 full-text e-books covering scientific and technical information from CRC Press and others. Many handbooks and single volume reference sources.Includes peer-reviewed life science and biomedical research protocols compiled from Methods in Molecular Biology, Methods in Molecular Medicine, Methods in Biotechnology, Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuromethods, the Biomethods Handbook, the Proteomics Handbook, and Springer Laboratory Manuals.Contains full text access to selected biomedical and nursing books.Provides online, full-text access to Springer's journal titles as well as journals from other publishers. Subjects include: life sciences, chemical sciences, environmental sciences, geosciences, computer science, mathematics, medicine, physics and astronomy, engineering and economics. Also includes eBooks.Collection of over 8 thousand fulltext titles in engineering, math, and basic and applied biomedical research. Coverage is from 1967 to the present.A library of ebooks on a wide array of topics, digitized and made available online in conjunction with the original publishers.