Books by Subject


  • 2010From: Springer
    edited by Pier Andrea Borea.
  • Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    1. [Symposia I-III] -- 2. [Symposia IV-VII] -- 3. Colloquia I-XIV -- 4. General sessions A-F -- 5. General sessions G-J -- [6] Author index -- [7] Supplement I-
  • 2010From: Springer
    Marie-France Carlier, editor.
    Part 1. Cellular Aspects -- Elementary Cellular Processes Driven by Actin Assembly: Lamellipodia and Filopodia / J. Victor Small and Klemens Rottner -- Coupling Membrane Dynamics to Actin Polymerization / Shiro Suetsugu and Tadaomi Takenawa -- Endocytic Control of Actin-based Motility / Andrea Disanza, Emanuela Frittoli, Chiara Giuliani, Francesca Milanesi and Andrea Palamidessi, et al. -- Actin in Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis / Marko Kaksonen -- Actin Cytoskeleton and the Dynamics of Immunological Synapse / Viveka Mayya and Michael L. Dustin -- Actin-based Motile Processes in Tumor Cell Invasion / Matthew Oser, Robert Eddy and John Condeelis -- Actin-based Chromosome Movements in Cell Division / Rong Li -- Roles for Actin Dynamics in Cell Movements During Development / Minna Roh-Johnson, Jessica Sullivan-Brown and Bob Goldstein -- Part 2. Molecular Aspects -- Regulation of the Cytoplasmic Actin Monomer Pool in Actin-based Motility / Pekka Lappalainen, Maarit Makkonen and Hongxia Zhao -- From Molecules to Movement: In Vitro Reconstitution of Self-Organized Actin-based Motile Processes / Marie-France Carlier and Dominique Pantaloni -- The WASP-Homology 2 Domain and Cytoskeleton Assembly / Roberto Dominguez -- Formin-Mediated Actin Assembly / David R. Kovar, Andrew J. Bestul, Yujie Li and Bonnie J. Scott -- Visualization of Individual Actin Filament Assembly / Emmanuèle Helfer -- Movement of Cargo in Bacterial Cytoplasm: Bacterial Actin Dynamics Drives Plasmid Segregation / Dyche Mullins -- Part 3. Physical Aspects -- Protrusive Forces Generated by Dendritic Actin Networks During Cell Crawling / Ovijit Chaudhuri and Daniel A. Fletcher -- Mathematical and Physical Modeling of Actin Dynamics in Motile Cells / Anders E. Carlsson and Alex Mogilner -- Force Production by Actin Assembly: Simplified Experimental Systems for a Thorough Modeling / C. Sykes, J. Prost and J.F. Joanny.
  • 2008From: Springer
    Cristobal G. dos Remedios, Deepak Chhabra, editors.
  • 2012From: Springer
    Chang-Hwei Chen.
  • 2012From: Springer
    Charles E. Samuel, editor.
    ADAR proteins : structure and catalytic mechanism / Rena A. Goodman, Mark R. Macbeth and Peter A. Beal -- ADAR proteins : double-stranded RNA and Z-DNA binding domains / Pierre Barraud and Frédéric H.-T. Allain -- Editing of neurotransmitter receptor and ion channel RNAs in the nervous system / Jennifer L. Hood and Ronald B. Emeson -- Modulation of microRNA expression and function by ADARs / Bjorn-Erik Wulff and Kazuko Nishikura -- Nuclear editing of mRNA 3'-UTRs / Ling-Ling Chen and Gordon G. Carmichael -- Control of ADAR1 editing of hepatitis delta virus RNAs / John L. Casey -- Bioinformatic approaches for identification of A-to-I editing sites / Eli Eisenberg -- ADARs : viruses and innate immunity / Charles E. Samuel -- Role of ADARs in mouse development / Carl R. Walkley, Brian Liddicoat and Jochen C. Hartner -- Regulation and functions of ADAR in Drosophila / Simona Paro, Xianghua Li, Mary A. O'Connell and Liam P. Keegan.
  • 2009From: Springer
    Constance N. Wilson, S. Jamal Mustafa, editors ; contributors, M.P. Abbracchio ... [et al.].
  • 2012From: Springer
    Tony Harris, editor.
    Introduction to adherens junctions: from molecular mechanisms to tissue development and disease -- How AJs evolved -- Evolution of the cadherin-catenin complex -- How cadherins and catenins interact to assemble AJs -- Three-dimensional structure of the cadherin-catenin complex -- Biophysics of cadherin adhesion -- Adherens junction assembly -- How AJs interface with other cellular machinery -- Cytoskeleton and classical cadherin adhesions -- Immunoglobulin superfamily receptors and adherens junctions -- Signaling from the adherens junction -- Adherens junction turnover: regulating adhesion through cadherin endocytosis, degradation, and recycling -- How AJs affect cell behaviour and multicellular development -- Adherens junctions during cell migration -- Adherens junctions and cadherins in Drosophilia development -- Adherens junctions in C. elegans embryonic morphogenesis -- Cadherin function during xenopus gastrulation -- Adherens junctions in mammalian development, homeostasis and disease: lessons from mice -- How AJs affect tissue homeostasis and disease -- Adherens junctions and stem cells -- Adherens junctions and cancer -- Adherens junctions and pathogen entry.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Tobias Langenhan, Torsten Schöenberg, editors.
    Introduction: history of the adhesion GPCR field / J̲örg Hamann, Alexander G. Petrenko -- Molecular and pharmacological properties of adhesion GPCRs. Classification, nomenclature, and structural aspects of adhesion GPCRs / Arunkumar Krishnan, Saskia Nijmeijer, Chris de Graaf, Helgi B. Schi̲th -- 7TM domain structure of adhesion GPCRs / Chris de Graaf, Saskia Nijmeijer, Steffen Wolf, Oliver P. Ernst -- Understanding the structural basis of adhesion GPCR functions / Demet Araç, Norbert Sträter, Elena Seiradake -- Control of adhesion GPCR function through proteolytic processing / Matthias Nieberler, Robert J. Kittel, Alexander G. Petrenko, Hsi-Hsien Lin [and others] -- Tethered agonism: a common activation mechanism of adhesion GPCRs / Ines Liebscher, Torsten Sch̲öneberg -- Versatile signaling activity of adhesion GPCRs / Ayush Kishore, Randy A. Hall -- Adhesion GPCR-related protein networks / Barbara Knapp, Uwe Wolfrum -- The relevance of genomic signatures at adhesion GPCR loci in humans / Peter Kovacs, Torsten Sch̲öneberg -- Adhesion GPCRs as pharmakotargets in organ function and development. Adhesion GPCRs as a putative class of metabotropic mechanosensors / Nicole Scholz, Kelly R. Monk, Robert J. Kittel, Tobias Langenhan -- Adhesion GPCRs govern polarity of epithelia and cell migration / David Strutt, Ralf Schnabel, Franziska Fiedler, Simone Pr̲mel -- Adhesion GPCRs as novel actors in neural and glial cell functions: from synaptogenesis to myelination / Séverine M. Sigoillot, Kelly R. Monk, Xianhua Piao, Fekrije Selimi, Breanne L. Harty -- Control of skeletal muscle cell growth and size through adhesion GPCRs / James P. White -- Adhesion GPCR function in pulmonary development and disease / Marie-Gabrielle Ludwig, Klaus Seuwen, James P. Bridges -- Adhesion GPCRs as modulators of immune cell function / J̲örg Hamann, Cheng-Chih Hsiao, Chang Sup Lee, Kodi S. Ravichandran, Hsi-Hsien Lin -- Heart development, angiogenesis, and blood-brain barrier function is modulated by adhesion GPCRs / Gentian Musa, Felix B. Engel, Colin Niaudet -- Adhesion GPCRs in tumorigenesis / Gabriela Aust, Dan Zhu, Erwin G. Van Meir, Lei Xu.
  • 2012From: CRCnetBASE
    editors, Victor R. Preedy, Ross J. Hunter.
    1. Acylation stimulating protein (ASP) as an adipokine / Thea Scantlebury-Manning -- 2. Adiponectin as an adipokine / Zhikui Wei and G. William Wong -- 3. Adipsin as an adipokine / Yu-Feng Zhao and Chen Chen -- 4. Adrenomedullin as a cytokine / Alexis Elias Malavazos and Gianluca Iacobellis -- 5. Angiotensinogen as an adipokine / Miki Nagase and Toshiro Fujita -- 6. Apelin as an adipokine / Despina D. Briana and Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner -- 7. C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) as adipokines / Jonathan M. Peterson and G. William Wong -- 8. Fasting-induced adipose factor/angiopoietin-like protein 4 as an adipokine / Sander Kersten -- Interleukins as adipokines / Kirsten Prüfer Stone -- Leptin as an adipokine: important definitions and applications for cancer research / Barbara Stadterman [and others] -- Omentin as an adipokine: role in health and disease / Anne M. Lenz and Frank Diamond -- Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (Pai-1) as an adipokine / Francis Agyemang-Yeboah -- Resistin as an adipokine / Zhikui Wei and G. William Wong -- Retinol-binding protein 4 as an adipokine / Elmar Aigner and Christian Datz -- TNF-α as an adipokine / Theron C. Gilliland, Jr. and G. William Wong -- Transforming growth factor as an adipokine / Yutaka Yata and Terumi Takahara -- Vaspin as an adipokine: a link between obesity and metabolic alterations / Peter Kovacs, Matthias Blüher, and Gabriela Aust -- Visfatin as an adipokine / Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner and Despina D. Briana -- Thermal stress and adipokines expression / Umberto Bernabucci, Patrizia Morera, and Loredana Basiricò -- Central nervous system roles for adiponectin in neuroendocrine and autonomic function / Ted D. Hoyda, Willis K. Samson, and Alastair V. Ferguson -- The astroglial leptin receptors and obesity / Weihong Pan [and others] -- Adipokines and obesity / Alberto O. Chavez and Devjit Tripathy -- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and adipokines / Stergios A. Polyzos, Jannis Kountouras, and Christos Zavos -- Endocrine disruptors, adipokines, and the metabolic syndrome / Eric R. Hugo and Nira Ben-Jonathan -- Adipokines and the heart / Gianluca Iacobellis -- Adipokines as mediators of rheumatic disease / Deborah M. Levy and Earl D. Silverman -- Adipokines and allergy / Giorgio Ciprandi [and others] -- Adipokines and sleep disorders / Kapil Dhawan [and others] -- Adipokines in children and adolescents and implications for disease / HuiLing Lu and Katherine Cianflone -- Role of leptin in immune cell development and innate immunity / Pamela J. Fraker and Afia Naaz -- Visfatin and hypocaloric diets / D.A. de Luis and R. Aller -- Apelin in energy metabolism / Isabelle Castan-Laurell and Philippe Valet -- Adiponectin deficiency / Wayne Bond Lau [and others] -- Adiponectin enhances inflammation in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts and chondrocytes / Natsuko Kusunoki, Kanako Kitahara, and Shinichi Kawai -- Resistin, imflammation and seminal fluid / Uwe Paasch [and others] -- Resistin in amniotic fluid / Shali Mazaki-Tovi [and others].
  • 2016From: Springer
    M. Cristina Vega, editor.
    Also available: Print – 2016
  • 2014From: Springer
    Alisa G. Woods, Costel C. Darie, editors.
    "This volume explores the use of mass spectrometry for biomedical applications. Chapters focus on specific therapeutic areas such as oncology, infectious disease and psychiatry. Additional chapters focus on methodology as well as new technologies and instrumentation. This volume provides readers with a comprehensive and informative manual that will allow them to appreciate mass spectrometry and proteomic research but also to initiate and improve their own work. Thus the book acts as a technical guide but also a conceptual guide to the newest information in this exciting field. Mass spectrometry is the central tool used in proteomic research today and is rapidly becoming indispensable to the biomedical scientist. With the completion of the human genome project and the genomic revolution, the proteomic revolution has followed closely behind. Understanding the human proteome has become critical to basic and clinical biomedical research and holds the promise of providing comprehensive understanding of human physiological processes. In addition, proteomics and mass spectrometry are bringing unprecedented biomarker discovery and are helping to personalize medicine"--Publisher's description.
    Also available: Print – 2014
  • v. 2-16, 2007-16.From: Springer
    Dhalla, Naranjan S.
  • 2014From: Future Med
    editor, Wilbert S. Aronow.
    Advances in dyslipidemia / Wilbert S. Aronow -- Atherosclerosis : dyslipidemia, inflammation and lipoapoptosis / Fleur M. van der Valk, Dominik M. Schulte, Willem J.M. Mulder & Erik S.G. Stroes -- Familial hypercholesterolemia : bridging and minding the gap in healthcare / Jing Pang, Alistair W. Vickery & Gerald F. Watts -- PCSK9 inhibition : drug development for low-density lipoprotein lowering / Geetha Mukerji, Rawand M. Abdin & Dominic S. Ng -- Novel therapies for dyslipidemia / Anthony S. Wierzbicki -- The highs and lows of high-density lipoprotein / Daniel Soffer & Marisa Schoen -- Do we need to treat patients with heart failure with statins? / Sadip Pant, Guru S. Gurumurthy, Abhishek Deshmukh & Jawahar L. Mehta -- Management of dyslipidemia in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease / Konstantinos Tziomalos, Vasilios G. Athyros & Asterios Karagiannis -- Dyslipidemia : current management and the challenge of residual cardiovascular risk reduction / Aaron Rockoff, Vaijinath S. Kamanna & Moti L. Kashyap -- Index.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Pratyoosh Shukla, Brett I. Pletschke, editors.
    Improvement of thermostable enzyme with sugar metabolic activity by targeted mutagenesis -- Glycoside hydrolases for modification of glycosylation in polyphenolic antioxidants -- On the enzyme specificity for the synthesis of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides -- Microbial mannanases: properties and applications -- Enzyme Synergy for Enhanced Degradation of Lignocellulosic Waste -- Manganese peroxidase: molecular diversity, heterologous expression and applications -- Advance Techniques in Enzyme Research -- Regulatory motif identification in biological sequences: An overview of computational methodologies -- Structural, Molecular and Functional Aspects of Chitin deacetylase -- Role of enzymes and proteins in plant -- microbe interaction : A study of M. oryzae vs Rice -- Industrial enzyme applications in biorefineries for starchy materials.
  • 2012From: Springer
    Roberto Scatena, Patrizia Bottoni, Bruno Giardina, editors.
    Also available: Print – 2012
  • 2015From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Senta Reichelt, Leibniz-Institut für Oberflächenmodifizierung, Leipzig, Germany.
    Affinity chromatography : a historical perspective -- Protein purification by amniosquarylium cyanine dye-affinity chromatography -- One-step purification of phosphinothricin acetyltransferase using reactive dye-affinity chromatography -- Antibody purification from human plasma by metal-chelated affinity membranes -- Specific recognition of supercoiled plasmid DNA by affinity chromatography using a synthetic aromatic ligand -- Cell affinity separations on microfluidic devices -- Aptamer-modified magnetic beads in affinity separation of proteins -- The Strep-tag system for one-step affinity purification of proteins from mammalian cell culture -- Robotic high-throughput purification of affinity-tagged recombinant proteins -- Macroporous silica particles derivatized for enhanced lectin affinity enrichment of glycoproteins -- Immobilized magnetic beads-based multi-target affinity selection coupled with HPLC-MS for screening active compounds from traditional Chinese medicine and natural products -- Mixed-bed affinity chromatography : principles and methods -- Preparation and characterization of fluorophenylboronic acid-functionalized affinity monolithic columns for the selective enrichment of cis-diol-containing biomolecules -- Introduction to macroporous cryogels -- Cryogels with affinity ligands as tools in protein purification -- Direct capture of His6-tagged proteins using megaporous cryogels developed for metal-ion affinity chromatography -- Ni(II) chelated IDA functionalized poly(HEMA-GMA) cryogels for urease adsorption -- A novel chromatographic media : histidine-containing composite cryogels for HIgG separation from human serum -- Molecularity imprinted cryogels for human serum albumin depletion -- Interpenetrating polymer network composite cryogels with tailored porous morphology and sorption properties -- Analysis of drug-protein interactions by high-performance affinity chromatography : interactions of sulfonylurea drugs with normal and glycated human serum albumin -- Accurate protein-peptide titration experiments by nuclear magnetic resonance using low-volume samples -- Characterization of the binding strengths between boronic acids and cis-diol-containing biomolecules by affinity capillary electrophoresis -- Determination if the kinetic rate constant of cyclodextrin supramolecular systems by high-performance affinity chromatography -- Molecular modeling of the affinity chromatography of monoclonal antibodies.
  • 2008From: Springer
    by Thomas Traut.
    Section 1. Overview of enzymes. Introduction to enzymes ; The limits for life define the limits for enzymes ; Enzyme kinetics ; Properties and evolution of allosteric enzymes ; Kinetics of allosteric enzymes -- Section 2. K-type enzymes. Hemoglobin ; Glycogen phosphorylase ; Phosphofructokinase ; Ribonucleotide reductase ; Hexokinase -- Section 3. V-type enzymes. Introduction to V-type enzymes ; G proteins ; Protein kinases.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Aron W. Fenton.
    Binding techniques to study the allosteric energy cycle -- Kinetic trapping of a key hemoglobin intermediate -- Allosteric coupling between transition metal-binding sites in homooligomeric metal sensor proteins -- Studying the allosteric energy cycle by isothermal titration calorimetry -- Detecting "Silent" Allosteric coupling -- Using mutant cycle analysis to elucidate long-range functional coupling in allosteric receptors -- A review of methods used for identifying structural changes in a large protein complex -- Allosteric mechanisms of g protein-coupled receptor signaling: A structural perspective -- Dynamic light scattering to study allosteric regulation -- Dissecting the linkage between transcription factor self-assembly and site-specific DNA binding: The role of the analytical ultracentrifuge -- Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and allostery: The case of GroEL -- The morpheein model of allostery: Evaluating proteins as potential morpheeins -- Combining NMR and molecular dynamics studies for insights into the allostery of small GTPase-protein interactions -- Hydrogen-deuterium exchange study of an allosteric energy cycle -- Ensemble properties of network rigidity reveal allosteric mechanisms -- An in vivo approach to isolating allosteric pathways using hybrid multimeric proteins -- Mutations in the GABA(A) receptor that mimic the allosteric ligand etomidate -- Allosteric regulation of human liver pyruvate kinase by peptides that mimic the phosphorylated/dephosphorylated N-terminus -- In silico-screening approaches for lead generation: Identification of novel allosteric modulators of human-erythrocyte pyruvate kinase -- Identification of allosteric-activating drug leads for human liver pyruvate kinase -- A critical evaluation of correlated mutation algorithms and coevolution within allosteric mechanisms -- The advantage of global fitting of data involving complex linked reactions -- Predicting binding sites by analyzing allosteric effects.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Adam Wanner, Robert A. Sandhaus, editors.
    Alpha-1- Antitrypsin and the Serpins -- Alpha-1 Antitrypsin: The protein -- Misfolding and Polymerisation of Alpha1-Antitrypsin ? Conformational Pathology and Therapeutic Targeting -- Managing the Adaptive Proteostatic Landscape: Restoring Resilience in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency -- United States Targeted Detection Program for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency -- Lung Disease of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency -- Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: Role in Health and Disease -- Alpha-1 Antitrypsin as a Therapeutic Agents for Conditions not Associated with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency -- The Alpha-1 Constellation of Voluntary Health Organizations as a Paradigm for Confronting Other Rare Diseases.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Michail A. Alterman, Peter Hunziker.
    Rapid LC-MS/MS profiling of protein amino acids and metabolically related compounds for large-scale assessment of metabolic phenotypes -- Combination of an AccQ. Tag-ultra performance liquid chromatographic method with tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of amino acids -- Isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for quantitative amino acid analysis -- Analysis of underivatized amino acids: Zwitterionic hydrophilic interaction chromatography combined with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry -- Amino acid analysis via LC-MS method after derivatization with quaternary phosphonium -- Amino acid analysis by hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled with isotope dilution mass spectrometry -- A universal HPLC-MS method to determine the stereochemistry of common and unusual amino acids -- Amino acid analysis by capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry -- New advances in amino acid profiling by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry -- Optimal conditions for the direct RP-HPLC determination of underivatized amino acids with online multiple detection -- Absolute quantitation of proteins by acid hydrolysis combined with amino acid detection by mass spectrometry -- Amino acid analysis by means of MALDI TOF mass spectrometry or MALDI TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry -- Heptafluorobutyl chloroformate-based sample preparation protocol for chiral and nonchiral amino acid analysis by gas chromatography -- The EZ:Faast family of amino acid analysis kits: Application of the GC-FID kit for rapid determination of plasma tryptophan and other amino acids -- Amino acid analysis in physiological samples by GC-MS with propyl chloroformate derivatization and iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS -- Automated analysis of primary amino acids in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography -- RP-LC of phenylthiocarbamyl amino acid adducts in plasma acetonitrile extracts: Use of multiple internal standards and variable wavelength UV detection -- Quantification of underivatised amino acids on dry blood spot, plasma, and urine by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS -- Capillary electrophoresis of free amino acids in physiological fluids without derivatization employing direct or indirect absorbance detection -- Measurement of 3-nitro-tyrosine in human plasma and urine by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry -- Analysis of hydroxyproline in collagen hydrolysates -- Innovative and rapid procedure for 4-hydroxyproline determination in meat-based foods -- Multiple reaction monitoring for the accurate quantification of amino acids: Using hydroxyproline to estimate collagen content -- Sequential injection chromatography for fluorimetric determination of intracellular amino acids in marine microalgae -- Direct analysis of underivatized amino acids in plant extracts by LC-MS-MS -- Wheat gluten amino acid analysis by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with integrated pulsed amperometric detection -- Preparative HPLC separation of underivatized amino acids for isotopic analysis -- Quantification of amino acids in a single cell by microchip electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection.
  • 2007From: Springer
    volume editor, Volker F. Wendisch.
  • 2013From: CRCnetBASE
    Guoyao Wu.
    This up-to-date book presents basic concepts and recent advances in amino acid biochemistry and nutrition, providing comprehensive coverage of developments over the past 45 years. It includes information on absorption, metabolism, and excretion of amino acids while addressing protein quality and requirements. The text discusses metabolic pathways of amino acids in relation to health and disease in various organisms, as well as species differences in metabolism of amino acids. The author also presents a critical analysis of amino acid supplementation to humans and animals.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Mario D. Cordero, Benoit Viollet, editors.
    Part I: AMPK in health -- Structure and Regulation of AMPK -- AMPK Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism -- AMPK Regulation of Lipid Metabolism -- AMPK Regulation of Protein Metabolism -- AMPK Regulation of cell growth, apoptosis, autophagy and bioenergetics -- AMPK Regulation of immunology -- AMPK and Stem Cells -- Part II: AMPK in the diseases -- AMPK in metabolic diseases -- AMPK in neurodegenerative diseases -- AMPK in cardiovascular diseases -- AMPK in cancer -- AMPK in aging -- AMPK in musculoskeletal diseases and pain -- AMPK in pathogens -- Part III: Pharmacology of AMPK -- Metformin, new drugs and AMPK -- Small molecules and AMPK -- Nutraceutical compounds and AMPK -- Part IV: Methods of study in AMPK -- Animal models -- In vitro study methods.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Einar M. Sigurdsson, Miguel Calero, María Gasset.
    Rapid generation of dityrosine cross-linked A-[beta] oligomers via cu-redox cycling / Adam P. Gunn, Blaine R. Roberts, and Ashley I. Bush -- Application of photochemical cross-linking to the study of oligomerization of amyloidogenic proteins / Dahabada H.J. Lopes [and others] -- Preparation of stable amyloid b-protein oligomers of defined assembly order / Clark Rosensweig [and others] -- Purification and fibrillation of full-length recombinant PrP / Natallia Makarava and Ilia V. Baskakov -- Featuring amyloids with fourier transform infrared and circular dichroism spectroscopies / Miguel Calero and María Gasset -- Quasielastic light scattering study of amyloid b-protein fibrillogenesis / Aleksey Lomakin and David B. Teplow -- Conformations of microtubule-associated protein tau mapped by fluorescence resonance energy transfer / Sadasivam Jeganathan [and others] -- Measuring the kinetics of amyloid fibril elongation using quartz crystal microbalances / Alexander K. Buell, Christopher M. Dobson, and Mark E. Welland -- X-ray fibre diffraction studies of amyloid fibrils / Kyle L. Morris and Louise C. Serpell -- Structural characterization of prefibrillar intermediates and amyloid fibrils by small-angle x-ray scattering / Annette Eva Langkilde and Bente Vestergaard -- Atomic force fluorescence microscopy in the characterization of amyloid fibril assembly and oligomeric intermediates / Valeriy Ostapchenko, Maria Gasset, and Ilia V. Baskakov -- Investigating fibrillar aggregates of tau protein by atomic force microscopy / Susanne Wegmann, Daniel J. Muller, and Eckhard Mandelkow -- Structural studies of amyloids by quenched hydrogen-deuterium exchange by NMR / Marçal Vilar, Lei Wang, and Roland Riek -- Cyclic amplification of prion protein misfolding / Marcelo A. Barria, Dennisse Gonzalez-Romero, and Claudio Soto -- Search for amyloid-binding proteins by affinity chromatography / Miguel Calero, Agueda Rostagno, and Jorge Ghiso -- Establishing the links between A[beta] aggregation and cytotoxicity in vitro using biophysical approaches / Asad Jan and Hilal A. Lashuel -- Preparation of cultured human vascular cells / Ingvar H. Olafsson, Dadi Th. Vilhjalmsson, and Finnbogi R. Thormodsson -- Murine cerebrovascular cells as a cell culture model for cerebral amyloid angiopathy : isolation of smooth muscle and endothelial cells from mouse brain / Sebastien A. Gauthier [and others] -- In vitro assays measuring protection by proteins such as cystatin C of primary cortical neuronal and smooth muscle cells / Sebastien A. Gauthier [and others] -- Study of neurotoxic intracellular calcium signalling triggered by amyloids / Carlos Villalobos [and others] -- Bacterial amyloids / Yizhou Zhou [and others] -- Study of amyloids using yeast / Reed B. Wickner [and others] -- Cell-to-cell transmission of [alpha]-synuclein aggregates / Seung-Jae Lee [and others] -- Subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsy for amyloid protein studies / Per Westermark -- Analysis of s100 oligomers and amyloids / Hugo M. Botelho, Günter Fritz, and Cláudio M. Gomes -- S100A8/A9 amyloidosis in the ageing prostate : relating ex vivo and in vitro studies / Anna L. Gharibyan, Dina Raveh, and Ludmilla A. Morozova-Roche -- Isolation of amyloid by solubilization in water / Dadi Th. Vilhjalmsson, Indiana E. Ingolfsdottir, and Finnbogi R. Thormodsson -- Histological staining of amyloid and pre-amyloid peptides and proteins in mouse tissue / Hameetha B. Rajamohamedsait and Einar M. Sigurdsson -- Pentameric luminescent-conjugated oligothiophene for optical imaging of in vitro-formed amyloid fibrils and protein aggregates in tissue sections / K. Peter R. Nilsson, Mikael Lindgren, and Per Hammarström -- In vivo magnetic resonance imaging of amyloid-[beta] plaques in mice / Youssef Zaim Wadghiri [and others] -- Mouse model for scrapie : inoculation, clinical scoring, and histopathological techniques / Michele A. Di Bari, Romolo Nonno, and Umberto Agrimi -- Biochemical isolation of insoluble tau in transgenic mouse models of tauopathies / Carl Julien, Alexis Bretteville, and Emmanuel Planel -- Tissue processing prior to analysis of alzheimer's disease associated proteins and metabolites, including A[beta] / Stephen D. Schmidt, Ralph A. Nixon, and Paul M. Mathews -- A-[beta] measurement by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay / Stephen D. Schmidt [and others] -- Cognitive and sensorimotor tasks for assessing functional impairments in mouse models of Alzheimer's Disease and related disorders / Allal Boutajangout [and others].
  • 2012From: Wiley
    edited by Hanns-Christian Mahler, Wim Jiskoot.
    The critical need for robust assays for quantitation and characterization of aggregates of therapeutic proteins -- Separation based analytical methods for measuring protein aggregation -- Laser light scattering-based techniques used for the characterization of protein therapeutics -- Online detection methods and emerging techniques for soluble aggregates in protein pharmaceuticals -- Analytical methods to measure sub-visible particulates -- Detection of visible particles in parenteral products -- Characterization of aggregates and particles using emerging techniques -- Ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy -- Fluorescence spectroscopy to characterize protein aggregates and particles -- Infrared spectroscopy to characterize protein aggregates -- Raman microscopy for characterization of particles -- Microscopic methods for particle characterization in protein pharmaceuticals -- Comparison of methods for soluble aggregate detection and size characterization -- Protein purification and its relation to protein aggregation and particles -- Formulation development and its relation to protein aggregation and particles.
  • 2011From: Springer
    by Rajan Katoch.
    Advances in biochemistry now allow us to control living systems in ways that were undreamt of a decade ago. This volume guides researchers and students through the full spectrum of experimental protocols used in biochemistry, plant biology and biotechnology.
  • 2015From: ScienceDirect
    edited by James L. Cole.
    Analytical Ultracentrifugation, the latest volume in Methods in Enzymology, focuses on analytical ultracentrifugation. The scope of this technique has greatly expanded in recent years due to advances in instrumentation, algorithms and software. This volume describes the latest innovations in the field and in the applications of analytical ultracentrifugation in the analysis of macromolecules, macromolecular assemblies, and biopharmaceuticals.
  • 2011From: Springer
    edited by Mohamed Al-Rubeai.
    Engineered antibodies currently represent over 30 per cent of biopharmaceuticals in clinical trials and their total worldwide sales continue to increase significantly. The importance of antibody applications is reflected in their increasing clinical and industrial applications as well as in the progression of established and emerging production strategies. This volume provides detailed coverage of the generation, optimization, characterization, production and applications of antibody. It provides the necessary theoretical background and description of methods for the expression of antibody in.
  • 2013From: Wiley
    David A. Phoenix, Sarah R. Dennison, and Frederick Harris.
    Antimicrobial peptides: their history, evolution, and functional promiscuity -- Cationic antimicrobial peptides -- Anionic antimicrobial peptides -- Graphical techniques to visualize the amphiphilic structures of antimicrobial peptides -- Models for the membrane interactions of antimicrobial peptides -- Selectivity and toxicity of oncolytic antimicrobial peptides.
  • 2009From: Springer
    edited by Inke S. Näthke, Brooke M. McCartney.
    APC and [beta]-catenin degradation -- Nuclear APC -- APC in cell migration -- The APC-EB1 interaction -- The role of APC in mitosis and in chromosome instability -- Role of APC and its binding partners in regulating microtubules in mitosis -- The adenomatous polyposis coli tumor -- Suppressor and Wnt signaling in the regulation of apoptosis -- APC and its modifiers in colon cancer -- Tissue-specific tumour suppression by APC -- Extra-colonic manifestations of familial adenomatous polyposis coli.
    Also available: Print – 2009
  • 2015From: Springer
    G.M. Anantharamaiah, Dennis Goldberg, editors.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Michael Kinter, Caroline S. Kinter.
    A key experiment in biomedical research is monitoring the expression of different proteins in order to detect changes that occur in biological systems under different experimental conditions. The method that is most widely used is the Western blot analysis. While Western blot is a workhorse in laboratories studying protein expression and has several advantages, it also has a number of significant limitations. In particular, the method is semi-quantitative with limited dynamic range. Western blot focuses on a single protein per sample with only a small number of representative samples analyzed in an experiment. New quantitative tools have been needed for some time to at least supplement, & possibly replace, the Western blot. Mass spectrometric methods have begun to compete with Western blot for routine quantitative analyses of proteins. One of these methods is based on the tandem mass spectrometry technique of selected reaction monitoring (SRM), which is also called multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). Selected reaction monitoring is actually an older tandem mass spectrometry technique, first described in the late 70s, that is widely utilized in the quantitative analysis of small molecules like drugs & metabolites. The use of selected reaction monitoring for the quantitative analysis of proteins has a number of advantages. Most importantly, it is fundamentally quantitative with a wide dynamic range. The output of the analysis is a numerical result that can range over several orders of magnitude. Other advantages include sufficient specificity & sensitivity to detect low abundance proteins in complex mixtures. Finally, selected reaction monitoring can be multiplexed to allow the quantitative analysis of relatively large numbers of proteins in a single sample in a single experiment. This Brief will explain both the theoretical & experimental details of the selected reaction monitoring experiment as it is applied to proteins.
  • 2009From: Springer
    Eric Beitz, editor ; contributors, P. Agre ... [et al.].
  • 2017From: Springer
    Baoxue Yang, editor.
    Molecular biology of aquaporins / Chunling Li, Weidong Wang -- The evolutionary aspects of aquaporin family / Kenichi Ishibashi, Yoshiyuki Morishita, Yasuko Tanaka -- Transport characteristics of aquaporins / Xiaoqiang Geng, Baoxue Yang -- Aquaporins and gland secretion / Christine Delporte -- Aquaporins in nervous system / Mengmeng Xu, Ming Xiao, Shao Li, Baoxue Yang -- Aquaporins in cardiovascular system / Lu Tie, Di Wang, Yundi Shi, Xuejun Li -- Aquaporins in respiratory system / Yuanlin Song, Linlin Wang, Jian Wang, Chunxue Bai -- Aquaporins in digestive system / Shuai Zhu Bachelor, Jianhua Ran, Baoxue Yang, Zhechuan Mei -- Aquaporins in urinary system / Yingjie Li, Weiling Wang, Tao Jiang, Baoxue Yang -- The physiological role and regulation of aquaporins in teleost germ cells / Joan Cerdà, Fraṅçois Chauvigné, Roderick Nigel Finn -- Aquaporins in the skin / Ravi Patel, L. Kevin Heard, Xunsheng Chen, Wendy B. Bollag -- Aquaporins in the eye / Thuy Linh Tran, Steffen Hamann, Steffen Heegaard -- Aquaporins in fetal development / Nora Martínez, Alicia E. Damiano -- Diabetes insipidus / H.A. Jenny Lu -- Aquaporins in obesity / Inês Vieira da Silva, Graça Soveral -- Aquaporin-targeted therapeutics: state-of-the-field / Lukmanee Tradtrantip, Bjung-Ju Jin, Xiaoming Yao [and others] -- Water transport mediated by other membrane proteins / Boyue Huang, Hongkai Wang, Baoxue Yang -- Methods to measure water permeability / Evgeniy I. Solenov, Galina S. Baturina, Liubov E. Katkova [and others].
    Also available: Print – 2017
  • 2011From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Tom C. Hobman, Thomas F. Duchaine.
    Purification of native argonaute complexes from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe / Shane M. Buker and Mohammad R. Motamedi -- Chromatin immunoprecipitation in fission yeast / Thomas A. Volpe and Jessica DeMaio -- Biochemical analyzes of endogenous argonaute complexes immunopurified with anti-argonaute monoclonal antibodies / Keita Miyoshi ... [et al.] -- Mapping of Ago2-GW182 functional interactions / Bing Yao ... [et al.] -- Continuous density gradients to study argonaute and GW182 complexes associated with the endocytic pathway / Derrick Gibbings -- In vitro RISC cleavage assay / Julia Stoehr and Gunter Meister -- Native gel analysis for RISC assembly / Tomoko Kawamata and Yukihide Tomari -- Purification and assembly of human argonaute, dicer, and TRBP complexes / Nabanita De and Ian J. MacRae -- Detection of human dicer and argonaute 2 catalytic activity / Marjorie P. Perron ... [et al.] -- Imaging the cellular dynamics of drosophila argonaute proteins / Jing Li ... [et al.] -- Live cell imaging of argonaute proteins in mammalian cells / Justin M. Pare, Joaquin Lopez-Orozco, and Tom C. Hobman -- Reporter-based assays for analyzing RNA interference in mammalian cells / Lydia V. McClure, Gil Ju Seo, and Christopher S. Sullivan -- Artificial tethering of argonaute proteins for studying their role in translational repression of target mRNAs / Stephanie Eckhardt ... [et al.] -- Efficient system for Let-7 microRNA and GW182 protein-mediated deadenylation in vitro / Marc R. Fabian, Yuri V. Svitkin, and Nahum Sonenberg -- Cell-free microRNA-mediated translation repression in Caenorhabditis elegans / Edlyn Wu and Thomas F. Duchaine -- Argonaute pull-down and RISC analysis using 2'-O -methylated oligonucleotides affinity matrices / Guillaume Jannot, Alejandro Vasquez-Rifo, and Martin J. Simard -- Cloning argonaute-associated small RNAs from Caenorhabditis elegans / Weifeng Gu ... [et al.] -- Immunoprecipitation of piRNPs and directional, next generation sequencing of piRNAs / Yohei Kirino ... [et al.] -- Generation of an inducible mouse ES cell lines deficient for argonaute proteins / Hong Su and Xiaozhong Wang -- Whole cell proteome regulation by microRNAs captured in a pulsed SILAC mass spectrometry approach / Olivia A. Ebner and Matthias Selbach.
  • 2014From: Springer
    Vsevolod V. Gurevich, editor.
    This volume describes our current understanding of the biological role of visual and non-visual arrestins in different cells and tissues, focusing on the mechanisms of arrestin-mediated regulation of GPCRs and non-receptor signaling proteins in health and disease. The book covers wide range of arrestin functions, emphasizing therapeutic potential of targeting arrestin interactions with individual partners.
  • 2014From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Atsushi Ogawa.
  • Natalie Anne Dye.
    This work focuses on the mechanism by which MreB contributes to the maintenance of cell shape in the gram-negative alpha-proteobacterium Caulobacter crescentus. The gene mreB encodes a protein that resembles actin, a eukaryotic cytoskeletal protein. Previously, it was shown that mreB is required to maintain a rod-like shape and localizes to a helical pattern near the cytoplasmic membrane. Here, we show that MreB is associated with regions of active growth in Caulobacter, as mutant strains that mislocalize MreB to the cell poles direct new growth at or near the poles. We present evidence to suggest that MreB contributes to the determination of proper length, width, and curvature through partially distinct mechanisms. The determination of proper width involves the essential proteins MreC and Pbp2, which are encoded in the mreB operon. While MreB and MreC are both required to position the cell wall transpeptidase Pbp2 along the lateral sidewalls and away from midcell, the two do not colocalize and each can maintain its localization in the absence of the other. When MreB is mislocalized to the poles, MreC and Pbp2 do not follow. These data argue against the idea that MreB provides a scaffold-like structure to localize enzymes that directly modify the cell wall. The determination of proper curvature, involves the intermediate filament-like protein, Crescentin. We identify a putative binding site on MreB for Crescentin or other curvature-mediating factors. We also show that the extent to which the subcellular localization of MreB changes over the cell cycle is correlated with cell size, indicating that MreB is involved in the coordination between elongation and division. In addition, we show that in vitro purified MreB spontaneously forms very stable polymers in the presence or absence of nucleotide. These polymers are globular or amorphous and only filamentous when placed on a highly positively charged surface of Poly-L-lysine. These in vitro data suggest that MreB is likely to be regulated at the disassembly step in the cell and that the cellular environment may influence the structure of MreB polymers. Lastly, we present biochemical evidence to support the existence of a disassembly factor in cytoplasmic Caulobacter extract. Together our data suggest that the maintenance of the crescent-rod cell shape in Caulobacter is the result of a complicated balance between MreB's dynamic subcellular localization, polymeric structure, and communication with cellular components.
  • Katherine Cynthia Fuh.
    Axl, Sky, and Mer receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are increasingly implicated in a host of cellular responses including cell survival, proliferation, migration, phagocytosis, chemoresistance, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Furthermore, the Gas6/AXL system is implicated in several types of human cancer as well as inflammatory, autoimmune, vascular and kidney diseases. Since the discovery of Gas6/AXL in 1988 in chronic myelogenous leukemia, many more cancers have been found to express AXL. In chapter 1, I will describe my contribution to the field that includes identifying the role of AXL in metastatic ovarian cancer and validating the therapeutic target in ovarian cancer. In the second chapter, I have investigated the role of AXL in chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. Within the past decade, AXL crosstalk has emerged as a dominant pathway for ligand-independent activation. With the recent identification of AXL as an important factor in mediating tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, understanding this cross-talk is important. There has been a recent report of c-MET and AXL cross-talk in breast cancer. c-MET has become a potential target for cancer therapy with numerous clinical trials using c-MET inhibitors as monotherapy or in combination with other targeted agents or chemotherapy. I have further explored this cross-talk in ovarian cancer. In my final chapter, I have identified AXL expression in ovarian cancer tumors formed in a conditional genetically modified invasive ovarian cancer mouse model. In the future, AXL therapy should be further investigated in patients with metastatic ovarian cancer.
  • 2015From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Susan K. Buchanan, Nicholas Noinaj.
    The [beta]-barrel assembly machinery complex / Denise L. Leyton, Matthew J. Belousoff, and Trevor Lithgow -- Yeast mitochondria as a model system to study the biogenesis of bacterial [beta]-barrel proteins / Thomas Ulrich [and three others] -- Experimental methods for studying the BAM complex in Neisseria meningitides / Martine P. Bos, Ria Tommassen-van Boxtel, and Jan Tommassen -- Heart modifiability of outer membrane proteins from gram-negative bacteria / Nicholas Noinaj, Adam J. Kuszak, and Susan K. Buchanan -- The role of a destabilized membrane of OMP insertion / Ashlee M. Plummer, Dennis Gessmann, and Karen G. Fleming -- Treponema pallidum in gel microdroplets: a method for topological analysis of BamA (TP0326) and localization of rare outer membrane proteins / Amit Luthra, Arvind Anand, and Justin D. Radolf -- Analyzing the role of periplasmic folding factors in the biogenesis of OMPs and members of the Type V secretion system / Gustavo Bodelón, Elvira Marín, and Luis Ángel Fernandez -- An in vitro assay for substrate translocation by FhaC in liposomes / Enguo Fan, Derrick Norell, and Matthias Müller -- Measuring cell-cell binding using flow-cytometry / Zachary C. Ruhe, Christopher S. Hayes, and David A. Low -- Methods to characterize folding and function of BamA cross-link mutants / Adam J. Kuszak, Nicholas Noinaj, and Susan K. Buchanan -- Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) characterization of the POTRA domains of BamA / Pamela Arden Doerner and Marcelo Carlos Sousa -- Assessing the outer membrane insertion and folding of multimeric transmembrane [beta]-barrel proteins / Jack C. Leo, Philipp Oberhettinger, and Dirk Linke -- The expression, purification, and structure determination of BamA from E. coli / Dongchun Ni and Yihua Huang -- Expression and purification of the individual Bam components BamB-E / Suraaj Aulakh, Kelly H. Kim, and Mark Paetzel -- Structure determination of the BAM complex accessory lipoproteins BamB-E / Kornelius Zeth -- An in vitro assay for outer membrane protein assembly by the BAM complex / Giselle Roman-Hernandez and Harris D. Bernstein -- Identification of BamC on the surface of E. coli / Chaille T. Webb and Trevor Lithgow -- Construction and characterization of an E. coli bamD depletion strain / Dante R. Ricci -- Expression, purification, and screening of BamE, a component of the BAM complex, for structural characterization / Mark Jeeves, Pooja Sridhar, and Timothy J. Knowles -- Purification and bicelle crystallization for structure determination of the E. coli outer membrane protein TamA / Fabian Gruss, Sebastian Hiller, and Timm Maier -- Strategies for the analysis of Bam recognition motifs in outer membrane proteins / Nagarajan Paramasivam and Dirk Linke -- Summary and future directions / Nicholas Noinaj and Susan K. Buchanan
  • 2006From: Springer
    Martin Holtzhauer.
  • 1999From: NCBI Bookshelf
    editor-in-chief, George J. Siegel ; editors, Bernard W. Agranoff ... [et al.] ; illustrations by Lorie M. Gavulic.
    Also available: Print – 1999
  • 2010From: Springer
    edited by Claudio Hetz.
    Homeostatic functions of BCL-2 proteins beyond apoptosis / Nika N. Danial, Alfredo Gimenez-Cassina, and Daniel Tondera -- Alternative functions of the BCL-2 protein family at the endoplasmic reticulum / Diego Rojas-Rivera ... [et al.] -- BH3-only proteins and their effects on cancer / Thanh-Trang Vo and Anthony Letai -- Endoplasmic reticulum stress and BCL-2 family members / Ross T. Weston and Hamsa Puthalakath -- Targeting survival pathways in lymphoma / Luca Paoluzzi and Owen A. O'Connor -- The interplay between BCL-2 family proteins and mitochondrial morphology in the regulation of apoptosis / Maria Eugenia Soriano and Luca Scorrano -- Noncanonical functions of BCL-2 proteins in the nervous system / Heather M. Lamb and J. Marie Hardwick -- Mitochondria on guard : role of mitochondrial fusion and fission in the regulation of apoptosis / Mariusz Karbowski.
    Also available: Print – 2010
  • 2012From: AccessMedicine
    written and edited by Lee W. Janson, Marc E. Tischler.
    Section I. The Basic Molecules of Life -- 1. Amino acids and proteins -- 2. Carbohydrates -- 3. Lipids -- 4. Nucleosides, nucleotides -- Section II. Functional biochemistry -- 5. Enzymes and amino acid metabolism -- 6. Carbohydrate metabolism -- 7. Lipid metabolism -- 8. Membranes -- 9. DNA/RNA function and protein synthesis -- Section III. Applied biochemistry -- 10. Metabolism and vitamins/minerals / Maria L. Valencik and Cynthia C. Mastick -- 11. The Digestive system / Kshama Jaiswal -- 12. Muscles and cell motility / Darren Campbell -- 13. Connective tissue and bone / Jacques Kerr -- 14. Blood / Matthew Porteus -- 15. The Immune system / Eric L. Greidinger, Leonard M. Miller -- 16. The Cardiovascular system / Ralph Shohet, John A. Burns -- 17. The respiratory system / Howard Huang -- 18. The Urinary system / Armando J. Lorenzo -- 19. The Nervous system / Kathryn Beck-Yoo -- 20. The Reproductive system / Catrina Bubier -- Section IV. Appendices -- Appendix I. Biochemical Basis of Diseases -- Appendix II. Biochemical Methods -- Appendix III. Organic Chemistry Primer.
  • 2014From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Vladimir Uversky, Yuri Lyubchenko.
    Bio-Nanoimaging: Protein Misfolding & Aggregation provides a unique introduction to both novel and established nanoimaging techniques for visualization and characterization of misfolded and aggregated protein species. The book is divided into three sections covering: - Nanotechnology and nanoimaging technology, including cryoelectron microscopy of beta(2)-microglobulin, studying amyloidogensis by FRET; and scanning tunneling microscopy of protein deposits - Polymorphisms of protein misfolded and aggregated species, including fibrillar polymorphism, amyloid-like protofibrils, and insulin olig.
  • 2007From: Springer
    Rainer Huopalahti ... [et al.] (eds.).
  • 2010From: CRCnetBASE
    Richard Owusu-Apenten.
    "Presenting data from human studies and trials, along with recent research findings, this work summarizes the applications, and benefits of bioactive peptides used to mitigate major metabolic derangements arising from chronic illnesses and resulting in unwanted weight loss. Recent studies show bioactive peptides to enhance the body's antioxidant status, antisepsis capacity, immune function, anti-inflammatory capacity, mineral absorption, and appetite. This book covers general principles, such as host response, quality factors, protein economics, and muscle loss. It includes case studies on ageing, AIDS, COPD, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney failure, and tuberculosis."--Provided by publisher.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Amy Rosenberg, Barthélemy Demeule, editors.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Jawahar L. Mehta, Naranjan S. Dhalla, editors.
    Angiogenesis plays a key role in human physiology and pathophysiology. While necessary for tissue growth and development, uncontrolled angiogenesis plays a role in the progression of certain tumors as well as atherosclerosis. Lack of angiogenesis may be the basis of myocardial ischemia and stroke. Knowledge on the mechanisms of angiogenesis is growing very rapidly, and may lead to important drugs for therapy of a variety of clinical disorders. Experts from around the world have contributed a vast array of data on different aspects of angiogenesis in this volume edited by Professors Mehta and Dhalla. This information will be of immense help to basic scientists, clinicians and those involved in drug development.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Abhijit Chakrabarti.
    Consists of critical reviews and original research papers from the 2014 International Symposium on the "Biochemical Role of Eukaryotic Cell Surface Macromolecules". Topics covered include: · neurochemical and biochemical analysis of cell surface glycoconjugates · membrane skeletal organization · GPCRs and other receptors · biophysical approaches to study membrane interactions · glycoconjugate metabolism · dysregulation · molecular mechanisms involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction · glycans in infectious and neurological diseases · cancer and glycosyltransferases as drug targets.
    Also available: Print – 2015
  • 2012From: Springer
    Perumana R. Sudhakaran, Avadhesha Surolia, editors.
    Glycomics: An Overview of the Complex Glycocode / Garima Gupta and Avadhesha Surolia -- Structural Glycomic Approaches to Molecular Recognition Events on Cell Surfaces / Koichi Kato -- ISCSM2011 Chondroitin Sulfate E-type Structure at Tumor Cell Surface Is Involved in Experimental Metastasis / Kazuyuki Sugahara and Shuji Mizumoto -- Chondroitin Sulfate-Specific Novel Hydrolase in Human / Shuhei Yamada -- Identification of Endothelial Cell Surface Carbohydrate-Binding Receptors by Carbohydrate Ligand Mimicry Peptides / Michiko N. Fukuda -- Lysosomal Enzyme Sorting Receptors - Where Did They First Appear in the Animal Kingdom? / Suryanarayanaraju Vegiraju, Suresh Koduru and Siva Kumar Nadimpalli -- Endoplasmic Reticulum-Targeted Bcl-2 Inhibitable Mitochondrial Fragmentation Initiates ER Stress-Induced Cell Death / B. C. Bhavya, Deepa Indira, Mahendra Seervi, Jeena Joseph and Praveen K. Sobhan, et al. -- Interactions Between Caveolin-1 and Sphingolipids, and Their Functional Relevance / Sandro Sonnino, Simona Prioni, Vanna Chigorno and Alessandro Prinetti -- Cell Membrane Repair Pathway Involves Sensing of Dynamics of Caveolae and Caspase-1 / Saumya S. Srivastava and M. V. Krishnasastry -- Angiogenic Response of Endothelial Cells to Fibronectin / V. B. S. Kumar, R. I. Viji, M. S. Kiran and Perumana R. Sudhakaran -- Lactosylceramide Synthase as a Therapeutic Target to Mitigate Multiple Human Diseases in Animal Models / Subroto Chatterjee and Nezar Alsaeedi -- Advanced FRET Methodologies: Protein-Lipid Selectivity Detection and Quantification / Fábio Fernandes, Manuel Prieto and Luís M. S. Loura -- Mechanism of GPCR-Directed Autoantibodies in Diseases / Hamiyet Unal, Rajaganapathi Jagannathan and Sadashiva S. Karnik -- Role of Membrane Cholesterol in Leishmanial Infection / Amitabha Chattopadhyay and Md. Jafurulla -- How Intact Is the Basement Membrane? Role of MMPs / S. Asha Nair, Sankar Jagadeeshan, Ramachandran Indu, Perumana R. Sudhakaran and M. R. Pillai -- Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells: Modulation of Genes for Glycoconjugate Biosynthesis and Targeted Drug Delivery / Subhash Basu, Rui Ma, Joseph R. Moskal, Manju Basu and Sipra Banerjee -- Altered Expression of Sialidases in Human Cancer / Taeko Miyagi, K. Takahashi, S. Moriya, K. Hata and K. Yamamoto, et al. -- Poly-ADP-Ribosylation of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Its Implications on Angiogenesis / S. Binu, S. J. Soumya, V. B. S. Kumar and Perumana R. Sudhakaran -- Sphingolipid-Binding Domain in the Serotonin1A Receptor / Amitabha Chattopadhyay, Yamuna Devi Paila, Sandeep Shrivastava, Shrish Tiwari and Pushpendra Singh, et al. -- Withanolide D, Carrying the Baton of Indian Rasayana Herb as a Lead Candidate of Antileukemic Agent in Modern Medicine / Susmita Mondal, Saptarshi Roy, Rita Maity, Asish Mallick and Rajender Sangwan, et al. -- Engineered Glucose to Generate a Spectroscopic Probe for Studying Carbohydrate Biology / Ashish Tripathi, Vibha Singh, K. G. Aishwarya, Gopala Krishna Aradhyam and Srinivas Hotha -- Changes in Sialic Acid Content of Jelly Coat in Pesticide-Exposed Frog Eggs and Their Influence on Fertilization / H. P. Gurushankara, S. V. Krishnamurthy and V. Vasudev.
    Also available: Print – 2012
  • 2006From: Wiley
    Robert A. Alberty.
    Accompanying CD-ROM contains the full text, as well as macros that help scientists and engineers solve their particular problems.
    Also available: Print – 2006
  • Golder N. Wilson.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • Golder N. Wilson.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    High Yield Facts -- DNA Structure, Replication and Repair -- Gene Expression and Regulation -- Acid-base equilibria, amino acids, and protein structure -- Protein Structure/Function -- Carbohydrate Metabolism -- Bioenergetics and Energy Metabolism -- Lipid, Amino Acid and Nucleotide Metabolism -- Vitamins and Minerals -- Hormones and Integrated Metabolism -- Inheritance Mechanisms/Risk Calculations -- Genetic and Biochemical Diagnosis.
  • Golder N. Wilson ; cytogenetic contribution by Vijay Tonk.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • 2007From: CRCnetBASE
    Roger L. Lundblad.
    Abbreviations and acronyms -- Glossary of terms useful in biochemistry and molecular biology and related disciplines -- Chemicals commonly used in biochemistry and molecular biology and their properties -- A listing of log P values, water solubility, and molecular weight for some selected chemicals -- Protease inhibitors and protease inhibitor cocktails -- List of buffers -- Organic name reactions useful in biochemistry and molecular biology.
  • 2015From: ScienceDirect
    Tsugikazu Komoda, Toshiyuki Matsunaga.
  • John W. Pelley, Edward F. Goljan.
  • 2006From: Springer
    edited by Sukhinder Kaur Cheema.
  • 2008From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Dennis E. Vance and Jean E. Vance.
    Functional roles of lipids in membranes / William Dowhan, Mikhail Bogdanov, and Eugenia Mileykovskaya -- Lipid modifications of proteins / Anant K. Menon -- Fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism in prokaryotes / Charles O. Rock -- Lipid metabolism in plants / Katherine M. Schmid and John B. Ohlrogge -- Oxidation of fatty acids in eukaryotes / Horst Schulz -- Fatty acid synthesis in eukaryotes / Hei Sook Sul and Stuart Smith -- Fatty acid desaturation and chain elongation in mammals / Makoto Miyazaki and James N. Ntambi -- Phospholipid biosynthesis in eukaryotes / Dennis E. Vance and Jean E. Vance -- Ether-linked lipids and their bioactive species / Thomas M. McIntyre, Fred Snyder, and Gopal K. Marathe -- Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue / Ann V. Hertzel ... [et al.] -- Phospholipases / David C. Wilton -- The eicosanoids : cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and epoxygenase pathways / William L. Smith and Robert C. Murphy -- Sphingolipids / Alfred H. Merrill, Jr. -- Cholesterol biosynthesis / Laura Liscum -- Metabolism and function of bile acids / Luis B. Agellon -- Lipid assembly into cell membranes / Dennis R. Voelker -- Lipoprotein structure / Ana Jonas and Michael C. Phillips -- Assembly and secretion of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins / Jean E. Vance and Khosrow Adeli -- Dynamics of lipoprotein transport in the circulatory system / Christopher J. Fielding and Phoebe E. Fielding -- Lipoprotein receptors / Wolfgang J. Schneider -- Lipids and atherosclerosis / Ira Tabas.
    Also available: Print – 2008
  • 2016From: Springer
    Ricardo Jorge Gelpi, Alberto Boveris, Juan José Poderoso, editors.
    Introduction -- Section 1 GENERAL ASPECTS: 1 The concept of oxidative stress after 30 years -- 2 Evolution of atmospheric oxygen and oxygen metabolism -- 3 Mitochondria as origin of cellular oxidative stress -- 4 Biochemistry and physiology of mtNOS -- 5 Biochemistry of nitrogen reactive species -- 6 Biochemistry of nitro fatty acids -- 7 Mammalian adaptation to life at high altitude -- 8 Metabolic syndrome and oxidative stress in rat pancreas -- 9 Progesterone prevents mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in the spinal cord of wobbler mice -- 10 Mitochondrial transfer by intercellular nanotubes -- Section 2 CARDIOVASCULAR: 11 Role of Oxidative Stress in Subcellular Defects in Ischemic Heart Disease -- 12 Regulation of protein nitrosylation by Trx1 -- 13 Inhibition of adenylyl cyclase type 5 increases longevity and healthful aging through oxidative stress protection -- 14 Antioxidant supplementation in elderly cardiovascular patients -- 15 Rupture of redox homeostasis in a model of pulmonary artery -- 16 Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species triggered by the cardiac renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system -- 17 Mitochondrial complex I inactivation and increased autooxidation after ischemia-reperfusion in the stunned heart -- 18 Oxidized LDL and atherogenesis -- 19 Reactive oxygen species and cyclooxygenase products in the regulation of blood flow in small vessels -- 20 Thioredoxin-1 attenuates postischemic ventricular and mitochondrial dysfunctions -- 21 Nitro-arachidonic acid reduces the damaged area in rat myocardial infarction -- 22 Inhaled particulate matter and myocardial dysfunction -- Section 3 NEURODEGENERATION AND NEURONAL FUNCTION: 23 Effect of lipoic acid in the triple transgenic mouse model of Alzhaimer's disease -- 24 Neurovascular coupling mediated by NO in the hippocampus -- 25 Protection from neurodegeneration: signaling and mitocondrial regulation -- 26 Oxidative stress and neurodegeneration -- 27 Oxidative stress, metabolic syndrome and Alzheimerþs disease -- 28 Systemic oxidative stress in patients with neurodegenerative diseases -- Section 4 CANCER: 29 Oxygen metabolism and oxidative stress in cancer cells -- 30 Mitochondrial biogenesis is required for survival and propagation of cancer cells -- 31 Tumor immunology & immunotherapy in patients -- 32 Oncogene-induced Nrf2 repression as adaptive response of cancer cells to acquire a pro-oxidant state favoring cell survival and in vivo tumor growth -- 33 Mitochondrial dynamics regulate oxidative metabolism in Leydig tumor cells -- Index.
  • 2014From: Springer
    Mary Ann Asson-Batres, Cécile Rochette-Egly, editors.
    A role for vitamin A in living organisms has been known throughout human history. In the last 100 years, the biochemical nature of vitamin A and its active derivative, retinoic acid, its physiological impact on growth processes and the essential details of its mechanism of action have been revealed by investigations carried out by researchers using vertebrate and more recently invertebrate models to study a multiplicity of processes and conditions, encompassing embryogenesis, postnatal development to old age. A wealth of intercellular interactions, intracellular signaling systems and molecular mechanisms have been described and the overall conclusion is that retinoic acid is essential for life. This book series, with chapters authored by experts in every aspect of this complex field, unifies the knowledge base and mechanisms currently known in detailed, engaging, well-illustrated, focused chapters that synthesize information for each specific area. In view of the recent explosion in this field, it is timely to publish a contemporary, comprehensive, book series recapitulating the most exciting developments in the field and covering fundamental research in molecular mechanisms of vitamin A action, its role in physiology, development and continued well-being and the potential of vitamin A derivatives and synthetic mimetics to serve as therapeutic treatments for cancers and other debilitating human diseases. VOLUME I: Here, we present the first volume of a multi-volume series on Retinoic Acid Signaling that will cover all aspects of this broad and diverse field. One aim of Volume I is to present a compilation of topics related to the biochemistry of nuclear retinoic acid receptors, from their architecture when bound to DNA and associated with their coregulators to their ability to regulate target gene transcription. A second aim is to provide insight into recent advances that have been made in identifying novel targets and non-genomic effects of retinoic acid. Volume I is divided into ten chapters contributed by prominent experts in their respective fields. Each chapter starts with the history of the area of research. Then, the key findings that contributed to development of the field are described, followed by a detailed look at key findings and progress that are being made in current, ongoing research. Each chapter is concluded with a discussion of the relevance of the research and a perspective on missing pieces and lingering gaps that the author recommends will be important in defining future directions in vitamin A research.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Mary Ann Asson-Batres, Cecile Rochette-Egly, editors.
    Carotenoids and retinoids: nomenclature, chemistry, and analysis / Earl H. Harrison, Robert W. Curley Jr. -- Functions of intracellular retinoid binding-proteins / Joseph L. Napoli -- Vitamin A transport and cell signaling by the retinol-binding protein receptor stra6 / Noa Noy -- Vitamin A absorption, storage and mobilization / William S. Blaner, Yang Li, Pierre-Jacques Brun, Jason J. Yuen, Seung-Ah Lee [and others] -- Retinoic acid synthesis and degradation / Natalia Y. Kedishvili -- Cellular retinoic acid binding proteins: genomic and non-genomic functions and their regulation / Li-Na Wei -- Non-classical transcriptional activity of retinoic acid / Noa Noy -- Vitamin A as pkc co-factor and regulator of mitochondrial energetics / Ulrich Hammerling -- Vitamin A and vision / John C. Saari.
  • John W. Pelley, Edward F. Goljan.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    Carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids : metabolic fuels and biosynthetic precursors -- Proteins and enzymes -- Membrane biochemistry and signal transduction -- Nutrition -- Generation of energy from dietary fuels -- Carbohydrate metabolism -- Lipid metabolism -- Nitrogen metabolism -- Integration of metabolism -- Nucleotide synthesis and metabolism -- Organization, synthesis, and repair of DNA -- Gene expression -- DNA technology -- Common laboratory values.
  • 2002From: NCBI Bookshelf
    Jeremy M. Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer ; Web content by Neil D. Clarke.
    Also available: Print – 2002
  • Todd A. Swanson, Sandra I. Kim, Marc J. Glucksman.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • David E. Metzler ; in association with Carol M. Metzler ; designed and illustrated by David J. Sauke.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • 2013From: ScienceDirect
    Greg T. Hermanson.
    Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd Edition, is the essential guide to the modification and cross linking of biomolecules for use in research, diagnostics, and therapeutics. It provides highly detailed information on the chemistry, reagent systems, and practical applications for creating labeled or conjugate molecules. It also describes dozens of reactions, with details on hundreds of commercially available reagents and the use of these reagents for modifying or crosslinking peptides and proteins, sugars and polysaccharides, nucleic acids and oligonucleotides, lipids, and synthetic polymers. *Offers a one-stop source for proven methods and protocols for synthesizing bioconjugates in the lab *Provides step-by-step presentation makes the book an ideal source for researchers who are less familiar with the synthesis of bioconjugates *Features full color illustrations *Includes a more extensive introduction into the vast field of bioconjugation and one of the most thorough overviews of immobilization chemistry ever presented.
  • 2011From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Sonny S. Mark.
    Site-specific labeling of proteins for single-molecule FRET measurements using genetically encoded ketone functionalities / Edward A. Lemke -- Enzymatically catalyzed conjugation of a biodegradable polymer to proteins and small molecules using microbial transglutaminase / Ahmed Besheer [and others] -- Synthesis of drug/dye-incorporated polymer-protein hybrids / Sukanta Dolai [and others] -- Dye/DNA conjugates as multiple labels for antibodies in sensitive fluorescence immunoassays / Qin Zhang, Shengchao Zhu, and Liang-Hong Guo -- Chemoselective modification of viral proteins bearing metabolically introduced "clickable" amino acids and sugars / Partha S. Banerjee and Isaac S. Carrico -- Preparation of peptide and other biomolecular conjugates through chemoselective ligations / Mathieu Galibert [and others] -- New fluorescent substrates of microbial transglutaminase and its application to peptide tag-directed covalent protein labeling / Noriho Kamiya and Hiroki Abe -- Covalent conjugation of poly(ethylene glycol) to proteins and peptides : strategies and methods / Anna Mero [and others] -- Extending the scope of site-specific cysteine bioconjugation by appending a prelabeled cysteine tag to proteins using protein trans-splicing / Tulika Dhar, Thomas Kurpiers, and Henning D. Mootz -- Polyethylenimine bioconjugates for imaging and DNA delivery in vivo / Andrea Masotti and Francesco Pampaloni -- Synthesis of a glycomimetic oligonucleotide conjugate by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition / Gwladys Pourceau [and others] -- Site-specific DNA labeling by staudinger ligation / Samuel H. Weisbrod, Anna Baccaro, and Andreas Marx -- Improved cellular uptake of antisense peptide nucleic acids by conjugation to a cell-penetrating peptide and a lipid domain / Takehiko Shiraishi and Peter E. Nielsen -- Synthesis of oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates for biomedical and technological applications / Anna Avino [and others] -- Amphiphilic DNA block copolymers : nucleic acid-polymer hybrid materials for diagnostics and biomedicine / Jan Zimmermann [and others] -- Chemically selective liposome surface glyco-functionalization / Hailong Zhang, Yong Ma, and Xue-Long Sun -- Bioconjugation using mutant glycosyltransferases for the site-specific labeling of biomolecules with sugars carrying chemical handles / Boopathy Ramakrishnan [and others] -- Lipid-core-peptide system for self-adjuvanting synthetic vaccine delivery / Mariusz Skwarczynski and Istvan Toth -- Coupling carbohydrates to proteins for glycoconjugate vaccine development using a pentenoyl group as a convenient linker / Qianli Wang and Zhongwu Guo -- Conjugation of LPS-derived oligosaccharides to proteins using oxime chemistry / Joanna Kubler-Kielb -- Site-specific chemical modification of a glycoprotein fragment expressed in yeast / Junpeng Xiao and Thomas J. Tolbert -- On-resin convergent synthesis of a glycopeptide from HIV gp120 containing a high mannose type N-linked oligosaccharide / Rui Chen and Thomas J. Tolbert -- Design and synthesis of novel functional lipid-based bioconjugates for drug delivery and other applications / Rupa R. Sawant and Vladimir P. Torchilin -- Chemical functionalization and bioconjugation strategies for atomic force microscope cantilevers / Magnus Bergkvist and Nathaniel C. Cady -- Chemoselective protein and peptide immobilization on biosensor surfaces / Edith H.M. Lempens, Brett A. Helms, and Maarten Merkx -- Fabrication of dynamic self-assembled monolayers for cell migration and adhesion studies / Nathan P. Westcott and Muhammad N. Yousaf -- DNA detection using functionalized conducting polymers / Jadranka Travas-Sejdic [and others] -- Preparation and dynamic patterning of supported lipid membranes mimicking cell membranes / Stefan Kaufmann, Karthik Kumar, and Erik Reimhult -- Enzyme immobilization on reactive polymer films / Ana L. Cordeiro [and others] -- Characterization of protein-membrane binding interactions via a microplate assay employing whole Liposome Immobilization / Matthew D. Smith and Michael D. Best -- Bioconjugated phospholipid polymer biointerface with nanometer-scaled structure for highly sensitive immunoassays / Kazuki Nishizawa, Madoka Takai, and Kazuhiko Ishihara -- Purification, functionalization, and bioconjugation of carbon nanotubes / John H.T. Luong [and others] -- Functional integration of membrane proteins with nanotube and nanowire transistor devices / Aleksandr Noy [and others] -- Single-step conjugation of antibodies to quantum dots for labeling cell surface receptors in mammalian cells / Gopal Iyer, Jianmin Xu, and Shimon Weiss -- Practical strategy for constructing nanodrugs using carbon nanotubes as carriers / Wei Wu and Xiqun Jiang -- Design and synthesis of biofunctionalized metallic/magnetic nanomaterials / Eun-Kyung Lim [and others].
  • 2013From: Springer
    editor: Xiangdong Wang.
    Clinical Bioinformatics in Human Proteomics Research / Duojiao Wu, Haihao Li -- Proteomics Defines Protein Interaction Network of Signaling Pathways / Shitao Li -- Protein Function Microarrays: Design, Use and Bioinformatic Analysis in Cancer Biomarker Discovery and Quantitation / Jessica Duarte, Jean-Michel Serufuri, Nicola Mulder -- Proteomics and Cancer Research / Elena Lopez Villar -- Toward Development of Novel Peptide-Based Cancer Therapeutics: Computational Design and Experimental Evaluation / Elena Pirogova, Taghrid Istivan -- Advances in Proteomic Methods / Xianyin Lai -- Clinical and Biomedical Mass Spectrometry: New Frontiers in Drug Developments and Diagnosis / Ákos Végvári, Melinda Rezeli -- Disease Biomarkers: Modelling MR Spectroscopy and Clinical Applications / Luis Martí-Bonmati -- Processing of Mass Spectrometry Data in Clinical Applications / Dario Di Silvestre, Pietro Brunetti, Pier Luigi Mauri -- Bioinformatics Approach for Finding Target Protein in Infectious Disease / Hemant Ritturaj Kushwaha, Indira Ghosh -- Identification of Network Biomarkers for Cancer Diagnosis / Jiajia Chen, Luonan Chen -- Software Development for Quantitative Proteomics Using Stable Isotope Labeling / Xin Huang, Shi-Jian Ding -- Clinical Translation of Protein Biomarkers Integrated with Bioinformatics / Xu Yang, Juanjuan Zhou, Chaoqin Du -- Proteomic Approaches for Urine Biomarker Discovery in Bladder Cancer / Ming-Hui Yang, Yu-Chang Tyan -- Antibody Microarrays and Multiplexing / Jerry Zhou, Larissa Belov, Nicola Armstrong -- Proteomics in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine / Ornella Piazza, Giuseppe De Benedictis.
  • 2007From: Wiley
    Rosette M. Roat-Malone.
    ch. 1. Inorganic chemistry essentials -- ch. 2. Biochemistry fundamentals -- ch. 3. Instrumental methods -- ch. 4. Computer hardware, software, and computational chemistry methods -- ch. 5 Group I and II metals in biological systems : homeostasis and group I biomolecules -- ch. 6. Group I and II metals in biological systems : group II -- ch. 7. Iron-containing proteins and enzymes.
  • 2012From: Wiley
    edited by Nathan Brown.
  • 2007From: Springer
    Ermanno Bonucci.
  • 2014From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Ken Ishii and Choon Kit Tang
    Biological DNA Sensor defines the meaning of DNA sensing pathways and demonstrates the importance of the innate immune responses induced by double stranded DNA (dsDNA) through its influencing functions in disease pathology and immune activity of adjuvants for vaccines. Though discussed in specific subsections of existing books, dsDNA and its immunogenic properties has never received the complete treatment given in this book. Biological DNA Sensor approaches the impact of dsDNA's immunogenicity on disease and vaccinology holistically. It paints a complete and concise picture on the topic so you can understand this area of study and make more informed choices for your respective research needs. Chapters are authored by researchers who are renowned for their research focus, ensuring that this book provides the most complete views on the topics. Multi-authored by a distinguished panel of world-class expertsIdeal source of information for those wanting to learn about DNA sensingProvides in-depth explanations of DNA sensing pathways and the innate immune system, bridging the gap between them
  • 2005From: ScienceDirect
    edited by A.L. Burlingame.
    Also available: Print – 2005
  • 2006From: Springer
    edited by A. Lahiri Majumder and B.B. Biswas.
  • 2011From: ScienceDirect
    edited by James C. Whisstock and Phillip I. Bird.
    Also available: Print – 2011
  • 2012From: Springer
    Tamás Rőszer.
    This book fills in a gap in the NO literature. Recent progress in the field of NO-biology shows that NO is generated within distinct cell compartments, including specific plasma membrane regions, mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, the Golgi-complex and intracellular membrane systems. NO synthesis plays specific roles in these compartments and, in turn, cell organelles also control intracellular NO levels. This monograph focuses on the roles played by the subcellular NO-signaling microdomains in the prokaryote-, fungus-, plant- and animal cells and shows how NO behaves as an intracellular signal in distinct cellular environments. This monograph also provides a summary of our knowledge on how NO synthesis came through evolution to be associated with organelles and subcellular compartments. Promotes the novel ideas that some functions of NO and its associations with subcellular units have been conserved during the evolution of the cell. A special chapter is dedicated to the biomedical relevance of subcellular NO synthesis, and this chapter also discusses the evidence that altered compartmentalization of NO-producing enzymes causes disease.
  • 2010From: Springer
    Mohammed Shahid ... [et al.], editors.
  • Brian Michael Trantow.
    The ability of organic chemists to design and synthesize functional molecules has revolutionized the ways in which we can probe biological systems. From catalysts capable of releasing bioactive molecules from bioinactive precursors to oligomers that enable or enhance the uptake of molecules across cell membrane and cell wall barriers, the work described herein emphasizes the power of designing for function. These new tools allow for control over the location of many biologically relevant molecules, including drugs, probes, imaging agents, metabolic modulators, and pesticides, with ramifications for a variety of biochemical, agricultural, and medicinal applications. Chapter 1 reviews the development of selective catalysts designed for use in biological systems. The catalysts have primarily been used for bioconjugations, expanding the classical repertoire of bioconjugation techniques to allow for selective chemistries at many more functional groups than was traditionally possible. Emerging strategies for imaging in biological systems using transition metal catalysis are also reviewed, as are transition metal-based catalytic therapeutics. The synthesis and evaluation of a novel bioorthogonal ruthenium catalyst designed for release of biologically active molecules from inactive precursors is the focus of Chapter 2. Although the challenges associated with using transition metals in biological systems are apparent, creative design ultimately led to the development of a useful bioorthogonal catalyst / substrate pair. This system allows for real-time visualization of transition metal catalysis to generate a biologically active compound that releases photons when it encounters its intracellular enzyme target. Chapters 3 and 4 detail the synthesis and application of molecular transporter scaffolds. Chapter 3 introduces a novel organocatalytic ring-opening oligomerization of guanidinylated cyclic carbonates to access molecular transporter scaffolds in 1 step. This strategy allows for rapid access to molecular transporters of varying lengths. In addition, the synthesis allows for concomitant probe or drug attachment and the carbonate-based backbones of the resulting transporters are biodegradable on a timescale allowing for cellular uptake and intracellular degradation. The ability of molecular transporters to cross not only cell membranes, but also cell walls, is discussed in Chapter 4. These studies focused on the delivery of small molecules and proteins across the algal cell wall and cell membrane barriers using D-octaarginine-based molecular transporters. With this method, it was shown that fluorescein-octaarginine conjugates were able to cross these barriers in a variety of algal species from the class Chlorophyceae, although several species showed no uptake or only cell surface staining. It was also shown in the algal model organism Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that octaarginine-protein conjugates could cross the cell wall and cell membrane barriers to deliver a functional protein to the intracellular algal space.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Jonathan D. Dinman, editor.
    When quantum mechanics was first proposed a century ago, nobody could have anticipated how deeply it would affect our lives. Today, we are connected and powered through devices whose existence is predicated on the basic principles of this strange physics. Not even the biological sciences have escaped its reach. As scientists query the deepest mysteries of the living world, the physical scales probed and the types of questions asked are increasingly blurring the lines between biology and physics. The hybrid field of biophysics represents the new frontier of the 21st century. The ribosome has been at the heart of three Nobel Prizes. Understanding its essential nature and how it interacts with other proteins and nucleic acids to control protein synthesis has been one of the central foundations in our understanding of the biology at the molecular level. With the advent of atomic scale structures, methods to visualize and separate individual molecules, and the computational power to model the complex interactions of over a million atoms at once, our understanding of how gene expression is controlled at the level of protein translation is now deeply ensconced in the biophysical realm. This book provides a premier resource to a wide audience, whether it be the general reader seeking a broad view of the field, a clinician interested in the role of protein translation in human disease, the bench researcher looking for state-of-the-art technologies, or computational scientists involved in cutting edge molecular modeling.
  • pt. A-B, 2009.From: ScienceDirect
    pt. B, 2009From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Daniel Herschlag.
    Also available: Print – pt. A-B, 2009.
  • John T. Edsall, Jeffries Wyman.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • 2012From: Knovel
    Alan Cooper.
    1. Biological molecules -- 2. Spectroscopy -- 3. Mass spectrometry -- 4. Hydrodynamics -- 5. Thermodynamics and interactions -- 6. Kinetics -- 7. Chromatography and electrophoresis -- 8. Imaging -- 9. Single molecules.
  • 2011From: Springer
    Engelbert Buxbaum
  • Fong Tian Wong.
    Polyketide synthases (PKSs) are multi-functional enzymes, which synthesize natural products known as polyketides. These complex molecules have a diverse range of medicinal properties. Biosynthetic engineering of the multi-modular PKSs is attractive due to their modularity and colinearity, which, if understood at the molecular level, could allow for the efficient and predictable regioselective chemical manipulation of polyketides. A minimum combination of a [beta]-ketosynthase (KS), an acyltransferase (AT), and an acyl carrier protein (ACP) is required for the assembly of acyl-CoA precursors into complex polyketide products. This work will focus on AT domains, which are the primary gatekeepers for stepwise incorporation of acyl-CoA building blocks into a growing polyketide chain. In our initial investigations, protein interactions between AT, ACP and flanking AT linkers from a prototypical multimodular 6-deoxyerythronolide B synthase (DEBS) were systematically explored, guided by recent high-resolution structures. Our results indicate that N/C terminal linkers of the modular DEBS AT domain contributed to both efficiency and specificity of transacylation. Representative DEBS AT3 and AT6 domains were also observed to have greater than 10-fold AT specificities for their cognate ACP substrates as compared to other ACPs in the DEBS PKS. In comparison, there is only modest discrimination for its native ACP by the standalone AT from the "AT-less" disorazole synthase (DSZS). These "AT-less" multimodular PKS lack AT domains in their modular assembly, and instead, transacylation is supplied by a trans-acting discrete AT. With its higher transacylation activity for DEBS ACPs compared to their natural ATs (> 40-fold), DSZS AT presents new opportunities for regioselective modification of a polyketide backbone and thus prompting further structural and biochemical investigations. Towards the analysis of DSZS AT, we report crystal structures of trans-acting AT resolved at 1.51 Å, and that of its acetate complex at 1.35 Å resolution. Comprehensive alanine-scanning mutagenesis of its native ACP1 substrate also identified a conserved Asp45 residue on the ACP for AT interactions. This conserved residue is proposed to contribute to the observed AT promiscuity. Supplementing in silico protein docking with these results, a model for DSZS AT and ACP interactions was derived. Working towards high-resolution structural characterization of this interface, we developed a novel strategy for covalently cross-linking and purifying a catalytically relevant DSZS AT-ACP complex. Finally, trans complementation of methylmalonyl CoA specific DEBS modules was also accomplished in vitro with DSZS AT for malonyl CoA incorporation. From our investigations, we have gained new insights into the protein-protein interactions that play a major role in the efficient biosynthesis of structurally complex polyketides. These results also reveal important considerations and opportunities for biosynthetic engineering within the multi-functional assembly lines.
  • 2013From: CRCnetBASE
    Roger L. Lundblad.
    "Discussing the role of plasma proteins in current biotechnology, this book describes the protein composition of human plasma, the fractionation of plasma to obtain therapeutic proteins, and the analysis of these products. It delineates the path from plasma products to recombinant products, and highlights products from albumin, intravenous immunoglobins, and coagulation. It offers a comprehensive review of current techniques for the analysis of proteins including electrophoresis, chromatography, spectrophotometry, and mass spectrometry as well as updates not published since 1975"--Provided by publisher.
  • pt. A-D, 2009-11.From: ScienceDirect
    pt. B, 2009From: ScienceDirect
    pt. C, 2011From: ScienceDirect
    pt. D, 2011From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Michael L. Johnson, Jo M. Holt and Gary K. Ackers.
  • 2010From: Springer
    Michael P. Cancro, editor.
  • 2001From: Karger
    volume editors, T. Jürimäe, A.P. Hills.
    Also available: Print – 2001
  • 2013From: Springer
    Felice Eugenio Agrò, editor.
    The administration of intravenous fluids is one of the most common and important therapeutic practices in the treatment of surgical, medical and critically ill patients. The international literature accordingly contains a vast number of works on fluid management, yet there is still confusion as to the best options in the various situations encountered in clinical practice.The purpose of this volume is to help the decision-making process by comparing different solution properties describing their indications, mechanisms of action and side-effects according to physiologic body water distribution, electrolytic and acid-base balance, and to clarify which products available on the market represent the best choice in different circumstances. The book opens by discussing in detail the concepts central to a sound understanding of abnormalities in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and the effect of intravenous fluid administration. In the second part of the monograph, these concepts are used to explain the advantages and disadvantages of solutions available on the market in different clinical settings. Body Fluid Management: From Physiology to Therapy will serve as an invaluable decision-making guide, including for those who are not experts in the subject.
  • edited by Slobodan Vukicevic, Kuber T. Sampath.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    Historical perspective of bone morphogenetic proteins -- The systems biology of bone morphogenetic proteins -- Embryonic skeletogenesis and craniofacial development -- BMP and BMP regulation: structure and function -- Novel in vitro assay models to study osteogenesis and chondrogenesis for human skeletal disorders -- Toward advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs) combining bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) and cells for bone regeneration -- BMP signaling in articular cartilage repair and regeneration: potential therapeutic opportunity for osteoarthritis -- BMPs in orthopaedic medicine: promises and challenges -- Osteogrow: a novel graft substitute for orthopedic reconstruction -- Biology of spine fusion and application of osteobiologics in spine surgery -- BMPs in dental medicine: promises and challenges -- Bone morphogenetic protein-7 and its role in acute kidney injury and chronic kidney failure -- Bone morphogenetic protein signaling in pulmonary arterial hypertension -- BMP signaling in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, a rare genetic disorder of heterotopic ossification -- The central role of BMP signaling in regulating iron homeostasis -- BMPs in inflammation -- Physiological and pathological consequences of vascular BMP signaling -- Bone morphogenetic proteins in the initiation and progression of breast cancer.
  • 2007From: Springer
    edited by Dihua Yu, Mien-Chie Hung.
    Overview of resistance to systemic therapy in patients with breast cancer / Ana Maria Gonzalez-Angulo, Flavia Morales-Vasquez and Gabriel N. Hortobagyi -- Roles of multidrug resistance genes in breast cancer chemoresistance / M. Tien Kuo -- Therapy-induced apoptosis in primary tumors / David J. McConkey -- Cell cycle deregulation in breast cancer: insurmountable chemoresistance or achilles' heel? / Laura Lambert and Khandan Keyomarsi -- p53, BRCA1 and breast cancer chemoresistance / Kimberly A. Scata and Wafik S. El-Deiry -- Integrin-mediated adhesion: tipping the balance between chemosensitivity and chemoresistance / Mary M. Zutter -- Insulin-like growth factors and breast cancer therapy / Xianke Zeng and Douglas Yee -- EGF receptor in breast cancer chemoresistance / Robert B. Dickson and T.B. Deb -- Molecular mechanisms of ErbB2-mediated breast cancer chemoresistance / Ming Tan and Dihua Yu -- Estrogen receptors in resistance to hormone therapy / Matthew H. Herynk and Suzanne A.W. Fuqua -- Novel approaches for chemosensitization of breast cancer cells: the E1A story / Yong Liao, Dihua Yu and Mien-Chie Hung.
    Also available: Print – 2007
  • Fraser Elisabeth Tan.
    In the mammalian lung, multiciliated cells lining the conducting airways play a crucial role in mucociliary clearance, the primary defense mechanism of the lung against foreign particles and bacterial infection. The cilia of the multiciliated cells beat in metachronic waves to propel mucus up from the deep distal branches of the lung and out of the trachea, to be either expectorated or swallowed. Breakdown of the mucociliary escalator, due to ciliary dysfunction as occurs in primary ciliary dyskinesia, or due to changes in osmotic balance, as occurs in cystic fibrosis, result in chronic airway bacterial infections. Viral infection in healthy individuals also causes loss of cilia, and this correlates with high rates of bacterial infections that follow many viral infections. Despite the importance of these cells, we know very little about how they are specified during development, nor about how multiple cilia are generated. Each cilium is a membrane encased microtubule based structure that protrudes from the apical surface of the cell. Most cells bear a solitary, or primary, cilium, while only a few specialized cell types can generate hundreds of cilia each. Each cilia is nucleated by a single centriole, and centriole number is normally tightly regulated. How these multiciliated cells circumvent this regulation to generate hundreds of centrioles is unknown. One the developing multiciliated cell has generated its centrioles, those centrioles migrate to and dock with the apical membrane and generate their ciliary axonemes. While many proteins involved in ciliary function and intraflagellar transport have been identified, little is known about how these process are controlled from a molecular level. Very few transcription factors are known to play a role in ciliogenesis. The most well-studied one is Foxj1, which is required for motility in single cilia, and is also critical for proper centriole migration in multiciliated cells. However, ectopic expression of Foxj1 cannot confer a ciliated fate on a non-ciliated cell, and cells null for foxj1 still generate centrioles, so there must be other transcription factors that initiate ciliogenesis and act in the early steps of the process, such as centriole generation. Here, we have identified the first transcription factor that acts upstream of Foxj1 during ciliogenesis. We screened through a subset of the known and predicted transcription factors in the mouse genome for those expressed in the developing lung in a pattern similar to that of Foxj1. We isolated a single candidate, the myeloblastosis oncogene (c-myb). We showed that c-Myb was expressed in post-mitotic cells in the developing lung epithelium, many of which co-expressed Foxj1, indicating that c-Myb is expressed in ciliating cells. Analysis of the timing of c-Myb expression during development as compared to Foxj1 and to maturing ciliary axonemes revealed that c-Myb was expressed during the early steps of ciliogenesis and was downregulated as the cells matured. Specific removal of c-Myb from the developing airway epithelium abrogated Foxj1 expression and centriole generation at E15.5. c-myb null epithelia did not have mature ciliated cells at E17.5, although Foxj1 expression and centriole generation appear to have recovered by this time point. This is the first identification of a transcription factor that regulates the initiation of ciliogenesis in the developing mouse lung. Finally, we propose a modular model of transcriptional control of cilia, in which cells deploy specific transcriptional modules to build the particular kind of cilia they require.
  • 2010From: Springer
    Debbie L. Hay, Ian M. Dickerson, editors.
  • 2007From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Joachim Krebs, Marek Michalak.
    Also available: Print – 2007
  • v. 1-2, 2002.From: Springer Protocols
    v. 2, 2002From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Hans J. Vogel.
    v. 1. Reviews and case studies -- v. 2. Methods and techniques.
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Claus W. Heizmann.
    Measurement of intracellular Ca2+ concentration in single cells using ratiometric calcium dyes -- Divers models of divalent cation interaction to calcium-binding proteins: Techniques and anthology -- Probing Ca2+-binding capability of viral proteins with the EF-hand motif by grafting approach -- New aspects of calmodulin-calmodulin binding domains recognition -- Purification and characterization of the human cysteine-rich S100A3 protein and its pseudo citrullinated forms expressed in insect cells -- X-ray structural analysis of S100 proteins -- Purification and stable isotope labeling of the calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 for structural and functional NMR studies -- Analysis of calcium-induced conformational changes in calcium-binding allergens and quantitative determination of their IgE binding properties -- Longistatin, an EF-hand Ca2+-binding protein from vector tick: Identification, purification, and characterization -- Super-resolution microscopy of the neuronal calcium-binding proteins calneuron-1 and caldendrin -- NMR studies of the interaction of calmodulin with iq motif peptides -- Biochemical and immunological detection of physical interactions between penta-ef-hand protein ALG-2 and its binding partners -- Measuring binding of S100 proteins to RAGE by surface plasmon resonance -- Phage display selection of peptides that target calcium-binding proteins -- RAGE-mediated cell signaling -- RAGE splicing variants in mammals -- Screening for novel calcium-binding proteins that regulate cardiac hypertrophy: CIB1 as an example -- In vivo screening of S100B inhibitors for melanoma therapy -- Arrayed primer extension microarray for the analysis of genes associated with congenital stationary night blindness -- Nesfatin-1: Its role in the diagnosis and treatment of obesity and some psychiatric disorders -- Human cell line authentication: The critical first step in any project using human cell lines -- Detection of Ca2+-binding S100 proteins in human saliva by HPLC-ESI-MS -- Clinical use of the calcium-binding S100B protein -- Sensible use of high-sensitivity troponin assays -- S100a1 gene therapy in small and large animals.
  • Natalia Gomez-Ospina.
    Abstract : Voltage-gated calcium channels are an important route of calcium entry into cells and are essential for converting electrical activity into biochemical events. In neurons these channels are vital for synaptic vesicle release and have been implicated in almost every activity-dependent process including survival, dendritic arborization, synaptic plasticity, and gene expression. One of the ways in which these channels regulate cellular behavior is by regulating gene expression but the mechanisms that link calcium channels to the transcription machinery are not well understood. In this thesis I show that a C-terminal fragment of CaV1.2, an L-type voltage-gated calcium channel, translocates to the nucleus and regulates transcription. I show that this calcium channel associated transcription regulator (CCAT), binds to a nuclear protein, associates with an endogenous promoter, and regulates the expression of a variety of endogenous genes that are important for the function of neurons and muscle cells. The nuclear localization of CCAT is regulated by changes in intracellular calcium on a time scale of minutes, suggesting that CCAT integrates information about the electrical activity of the cell. Together these findings reveal an entirely unexpected function for a well-characterized calcium channel. This works also addresses the question of how CCAT is generated. I show that CCAT is not released from proteolysis of full-length Cav1.2 channel but is generated from an mRNA that is transcribed from the 3' end of the Cav1.2 gene (CACNA1C). Consistent with this, I find that CCAT expression is independent of full-length channel protein and that exon 46 of the CACNA1C gene contains a promoter whose transcriptional activity is required for the expression of CCAT. Activity at this promoter, and consequently CCAT expression, is regulated spatially and temporally in the brain having highest expression during embryonic stages and in regions of the brain rich in inhibitory neurons. Analysis of 5' transcriptional starts from CACNA1C and Cap Analysis of Gene Expression (CAGE) tags from genome-wide studies show at least two mRNAs one of which encodes CCAT in vivo and a second transcript that is predicted to encode a membrane bound CCAT containing a voltage sensor. These findings reveal an unexpected mechanism by which CCAT is generated in neurons and provide a unique example by which two proteins with distinct biologic functions can be derived from a single gene. Such transcriptional phenomena may be at play in many other genes throughout the genome and has far reaching implications for prediction of gene products and interpretation of phenotypes in gene mutations and knockout studies.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Juan A. Rosado, editor.
    Historical overview of store-operated Ca2+ entry -- The STIM1- Orai interaction -- The TRPCs, Orais and STIMs in ER/PM junctions -- The TRP-Na-Ca2+ exchanger coupling -- Role of TRPC channels in store-operated calcium entry -- Phospholipase A2 as a molecular determinant of store-operated calcium entry -- Extracellular calcium has multiple targets to control cell proliferation -- Regulation of platelet function by Orai, STIM and TRP -- On the roles of the Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 3 (TRPC3) channel in endothelium and macrophages: implications in atherosclerosis -- Second messenger-operated calcium entry through TRPC6 -- Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 7 (TRPC7), a Calcium (Ca2+) Permeable Nonselective Cation Channel -- Calcium entry through thermosensory channels -- Calcium signalling through ligand-gated ion channels such as P2X1 receptors in the platelet and other non-excitable cells -- The calcium entry-calcium refilling coupling -- Microdomains associated to lipid rafts -- Role of scaffolding proteins in the regulation of TRPC-dependent calcium entry -- Modulation of calcium entry by mitochondria -- Modulation of calcium entry by the endo-lysosomal system -- Remodeling of calcium entry pathways in cancer.
    Also available: Print – 2016
  • 2010From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Alexei Verkhratsky and Ole H. Petersen.
    Principles of the CA2+ homeostatic/signalling system / A. Verkhratsky and O.H. Petersen -- CA2+ recordings: Hardware and software (from microscopes to cameras) / E.C. Toescu and J. Graham -- CA2+ imaging: Principles of analysis and enhancement / F. Mammano and M. Bortolozzi -- Bioluminescent CA2+ indicators / L. Fedrizzi and M. Brini -- Monitoring calcium levels with genetically encoded indicators / O. Garaschuk and O. Griesbeck -- Intracellular calcium-sensitive microelectrodes / R.C. Thomas -- CA2+ caging and uncaging / S.H. Kim and M.K. Park -- CA2+ imaging of intracellular organelles: Endoplasmic reticulum / R. Blum, O.H. Petersen and A. Verkhratsky -- CA2+ imaging of intracellular organelles: Mitochondria / L. Núñez [and others] -- CA2+ imaging of dendrites and spines / K. Holthoff -- In vivo CA2+ imaging of the living brain using multi-cell bolus loading technique / G. Eichhoff [and others] -- CA2+ imaging of glia / C. Lohr and J.W. Deitmer.
  • 2012From: Springer
    Md. Shahidul Islam, [editor].
    "This volume ... [explores] topics ranging from the fundamental aspects of calcium signaling to its varied clinical implications. It presents comprehensive discussion of cutting-edge research alongside detailed analysis of critical issues, at the same time as setting out testable hypotheses that point the way to future scientific endeavors. The contributions feature material on theoretical and methodological topics as well as related subjects including mathematical modeling and simulations. They examine calcium signaling in a host of contexts, from mammalian cells to oocytes, zebrafish and plants. With much of interest to newcomers to the field as well as seasoned experts, this new publication is both wide-ranging and authoritative." --Excerpt from publisher's description.
    Also available: Print – 2012
  • 2014From: Springer
    Yong-Xiao Wang, editor.
    Ryanodine and Inositol Trisphosphate Receptors/Ca2+ Release Channels in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Lin Mei, Yun-Min Zheng, and Yong-Xiao Wang -- Kv7 (KCNQ) Potassium Channels and L-type Calcium Channels in the Regulation of Airway Diameter / Kenneth L. Byron, Lioubov I. Brueggemann, Priyanka P. Kakad, and Jennifer M. Haick -- Transient Receptor Potential and Orai Channels in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Jun-Hua Xiao, Yong-Xiao Wang, and Yun-Min Zheng -- Large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels / Hiroaki Kume -- Calcium-activated Chloride Channels / George Gallos and Charles W. Emala Sr. -- Local Calcium Signaling in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Quing-Hua Liu, Carlo Savoia, Yong-Xiao Wang -- Regulation of Airway Smooth Muscle Contraction by Ca2+ Signaling: Physiology Revealed by Microscopy Studies of Lung Slices / Michael J. Sanderson -- Temporal Aspects of Ca2+ Signaling in Airway Myocytes / Etienne Roux -- Mechanisms Underlying Ca2+ Store Refilling in Airway Smooth Muscle / Charlotte K. Billington, Ian P. Hall, and Carl P. Nelson -- Novel Mechanisms in Ca2+-homeostasis and Internal Store Refilling of Airway Smooth Muscle / Luke J. Janssen -- The Role of Mitochondria in Calcium Regulation in Airway Smooth Muscle / Philippe Delmotte, Li Jia, and Gary C. Sieck -- Role of Caveolae in the Airway / Christina M. Pabelick, Brij B. Singh, and Y.S. Prakash -- CD38 : Cyclic ADP-ribose-mediated Calcium Signaling in Airway Myocytes /Deepak A. Deshpande, Alonso Guedes, Mythili Dileepan, Timothy F. Walseth, and Mathur S. Kannan -- The Pathways and Signaling Cross-talk with Oxidant in Calcium Influx in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Lei Cai and Quinghua Hu -- Role of RhoA/Rho-kinase and Calcium Sensitivity in Airway Smooth Muscle Functions / Satoru Ito -- Role of Integrins in the Regulation of Calcium Signaling / Thai Tran and Chun Ming Teoh -- Sex Steroid Signaling in the Airway / Y.S. Prakash, Venkatachalem Sathish, and Elizabeth A. Townsend -- Regulation of Contractility in Immature Airway Smooth Muscle / Y.S. Prakash, Christina M. Pabelick, and Richard J. Martin -- Mathematical Modeling of Calcium Dynamics in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / James Sneyd, Pengxing Cao, Xiahui Tan, and Michael J. Sanderson -- Effects of Inflammatory Cytokines on Ca2+ Homeostasis in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Hisako Matsumoto -- Ca2+ Signaling and P2 Receptors in Airway Smooth Muscle / Luis M. Montaño, Edgar Flores-Soto, and Carlos Barajas-López -- Calcium Signaling in Airway Smooth Muscle Remodeling / Tengyao Song, Yun-min Zheng, and Yong-Xiao Wang -- Regulation of Intracellular Calcium by Bitter Taste Receptors on Airway Smooth Muscle / Deepak A. Deshpande and Stephen B. Liggett -- Modulation of Airway Smooth Muscle Contractile Function by TNFa and IL-13 and Airway Hyper-responsiveness in Asthma / Yassine Amrani -- Airway Smooth Muscle Malfunction in COPD / Yunchao Su.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by David G. Lambert, Richard D. Rainbow.
    Fluorescent measurement of [Ca2+]c : basic practical considerations / Alec W.M. Simpson -- Measurement of [Ca2+]i in whole cell suspensions using fura-2 / Anish Patel [and others] -- Confocal microscopy : theory and applications for cellular signaling / Stephen C. Tovey [and others] -- Ratiometric Ca2+ measurements using the FlexStation® scanning fluorometer / Ian C.B. Marshall, Izzy Boyfield, and Shaun McNulty -- Measuring Ca2+ changes in multiwell format using the fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR®) / Ian C.B. Marshall, Davina E. Owen, and Shaun McNulty -- Ratiometric [Ca2+]i measurements in adherent cell-lines using the NOVOstar microplate reader / Benjamin D. Hunt and David G. Lambert -- Whole-cell patch-clamp recording of voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channel currents in single cells : heterologous expression systems and neurones / Jon Brown [and others] -- Combined calcium fluorescence recording with ionic currents in contractile cells / Richard D. Rainbow -- Measurement of phospholipase C by monitoring inositol phosphates using [3H]inositol labeling protocols in permeabilized cell / Alison Skippen, Philip Swigart, and Shamshad Cockcroft -- Single-cell imaging techniques for the real-time detection of IP3 in live cells / Carl P. Nelson -- Measurement of inositol(1,4,5)trisphosphate using a stereospecific radioreceptor mass assay / Darren Smart -- Measurement of [Ca2+]i in smooth muscle strips using front-surface fluorimetry / Hideo Kanaide and Katsuya Hirano -- Calcium measurements from whole heart using rhod-2 / Bum-Rak Choi -- Measurement of changes in endothelial and smooth muscle Ca2+ in pressurized arteries / Kim A. Dora and Michael A. Hill -- Single cell and subcellular measurements of intracellular Ca2+ concentration / John G. McCarron [and others] -- Simultaneous analysis of intracellular pH and Ca2+ from cell populations / Raul Martinez-Zaguilan [and others] -- Measurements of Ca2+ concentration with recombinant targeted luminescent probes / Denis Ottolini, Tito Calì, and Marisa Brini -- Chimeric G proteins in fluorimetric calcium assays : experience with opioid receptors / Valeria Camarda and Girolamo Calo -- Compartmentalizing genetically encoded calcium sensors / David A. Williams, Mastura Monif, and Kate L. Richardson -- Measurement of cytosolic-free Ca2+ in plant tissue / Martin R. McAinsh and Carl K.-Y. Ng -- Measurement of Ca2+-ATPase activity (in PMCA and SERCA1) / Danuta Kosk-Kosicka.
  • 2016From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Andrew L. Feig.
  • 2008From: Springer
    edited by Sayed S. Daoud.
    Proteomics technologies -- Cell signaling proteomics -- Tumor proteomics -- Bioinformatics and regulatory aspects of proteomics.
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Nicola Volpi and Francesca Maccari.
    Recent advances in capillary electrophoresis-based proteomic techniques for biomarker discovery / Chenchen Wang, Xueping Fang, and Cheng S. Lee -- Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry of carbohydrates / Joseph Zaia -- Approaches to enhancing the sensitivity of carbohydrate separations in capillary electrophoresis / M.C. Breadmore -- Determination of monosaccharides derivatized with 2-aminobenzoic acid by capillary electrophoresis / Mitsuru Abo, Li-ping He, Kae Sato and Akira Okubo -- Determination of mono-, di-, and oligosaccharides by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection / Claudimir Lucio do Lago, Thiago Nogueira, Lucas Blanes and Renata Mayumi Saito -- Separation of chitooligosaccharides in acidic solution by capillary electrophoresis / Toshiaki Hattori, Nobuhiro Anraku, and Ryo Kato -- Capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of glycosaminoglycan-derived disaccharides / Yuqing Chang, Bo Yang, Amanda Weyers and Robert J. Linhardt -- High-throughput capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry : from analysis of amino acids to analysis of protein complexes / Mehdi Moini -- Separation of amino acids by capillary electrophoresis with light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence in the presence of electroosmotic flow / Ming-Mu Hsieh and Po-Ling Chang -- Quantification of arginine and dimethylated arginines in human plasma by field-amplified sample injection capillary electrophoresis UV detection / Angelo Zinellu, Salvatore Sotgia, Luca Deianna and Ciriaco Carru -- Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry for peptide analysis : target-based approaches and proteomics/peptidomics strategies / Carolina Simó, Alejandro Cifuentes, and Václav Kašička -- High resolution proteome/peptidome analysis of body fluids by capillary electrophoresis coupled with MS / Amaya Albalat, Vasiliki Bitsika, Petra Zurbig, Justyna Siwy and William Mullen -- Contribution of CE to the analysis of protein or peptide biomarkers / Kiarach Mesbah, Romain Verpillot, Franc̦ois de l'Escaille, Jean Bernard Falmagne and Myriam Taverna -- Highly charged polyelectrolyte coatings to prevent adsorption during protein and peptide analysis in capillary electrophoresis / Reine Nehmé and Catherine Perrin -- Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection of proteins from two types of complex sample matrices : food and biological fluids / Raul Garrido-Medina, Angel Puerta, Cristina Pelaez-Lorenzo, Zuly Rivera-Monroy, Andras Guttman, Jose Carlos Diez-Masa and Mercedes de Frutos -- Automated capillary electrophoresis in the screening for hemoglobinopathies / Frédéric Cotton, Fleur Wolff, and Béatrice Gulbis -- Protein fingerprinting of Staphylococcus aureus by capillary electrophoresis with on-capillary derivatization and laser-induced fluorescence detection / Cristina Pelaez-Lorenzo, Maria Teresa Veledo, Ramon Gonzales, Mercedes de Frutos and Jose Carlos Diez-Masa -- Capillary electrophoresis of seed storage proteins : the separation and identification of microheterogeneous rice glutelin subunits / Tomoyuki Katsube-Tanaka -- Evaluating amyloid beta (A[beta]) 1-40 degradation by capillary electrophoresis / Benjamin J. Alper and Walter K. Schmidt -- Capillary electrophoresis for protein profiling of the dimorphic, pathogenic fungus, penicillium marneffei / Julie M. Chandler, Heather R. Trenary, Gary R. Walker and Chester R. Cooper -- Capillary electrophoretic enzyme assays / Gerhard K.E. Scriba, Hans Abromeit, Martina Hense and Yi Fan -- A methodology for detection and quantification of esterase activity / Ana L. Simplício, Ana S. Coroadinha, John F. Gilmer and Joana Lamego -- Enzyme inhibitor screening by CE with and on-column immobilized enzyme microreactor created by an ionic binding technique / Chao Liu, Qianqian Zhang, and Jingwu Kang -- Fluorescent lipids as probes for sphingosine kinase activity by capillary electrophoresis / Philip M. Yangyuoru, Latanya Hammonds-Odie and Simon M. Mwongela -- Assessment of DNA damage by micellar electrokinetic chromatography / Paolo Fattorini, Giorgio Marrubini, Pierangela Grignani, Solange Sorc̦aburu-Cigliero and Carlo Previderé.
  • 2014From: Springer
    Omar M.E. Abdel-Salam, editor.
    This volume provides an up-to-date account of the achievements pertaining to the application of capsaicin and capsaicin-like molecules in the therapy of various human ailments such as pain, non-allergic rhinitis, obesity, tumors, and gastrointestinal, dermatologic, and urologic disorders. It discusses the basic functions of the capsaicin receptor (TRPV1), its mechanisms of action, and its role in physiological and pathological processes. The text focuses on the most recent progress in the use of capsaicin and capsaicin-like molecules as a therapeutic agent and highlights potential pharmaceutical implications of further TRPV1 research. The chapters are written by noted experts in their fields of endeavor. This book offers both clinicians and researchers valuable resource and reference material on the subject that will stimulate future research.
  • 2003From: Wiley
    Chi-Huey Wong (ed.).
    ch. 1. Synthetic methodologies / Chikako Saotome, Osamu Kanie -- ch. 2. Complex carbohydrate synthesis / Makoto Kiso, Hideharu Ishida, Hiromune Ando -- ch. 3. The chemistry of sialic acid / Geert-Jan Boons, Alexei V. Demchenko -- ch. 4. Solid-phase oligosaccharide synthesis / Peter H. Seeberger -- ch. 5. Solution and polymer-supported synthesis of carbohydrates / Shin-Ichiro Nishimura -- ch. 6. Enzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides / Jianbo Zhang, Jun Shao, Prezemk Kowal, Peng George Wang -- ch. 7. Glycopeptides and glycoproteins : synthetic chemistry and biology / Oliver Seitz -- ch. 8. Synthesis of complex carbohydrates : Everninomicin 13,384-1 / K. C. Nicolaou, Helen J. Mitchell, Scott A. Snyder -- ch. 9. Chemical synthesis of asparagine-linked glycoprotein oligosaccharides : recent examples / Yukishige Ito, Ichiro Matsuo -- ch. 10. Chemistry and biochemistry of asparagine-linked protein glycosylation / Barbara Imperiali, Vincent W.-F. Tai -- ch. 11. Conformational analysis of C-glycosides and related compounds : programming conformational profiles of C- and O-glycosides / Peter G. Goekjian, Alexander Wei, Yoshito Kishi -- ch. 12. Synthetic lipid A antagonists for sepsis treatment / William J. Christ, Lynn D. Hawkins, Michael D. Lewis, Yoshito Kishi -- ch. 13. Polysialic acid vaccines / Harold J. Jennings -- ch. 14. Synthetic carbohydrate-based vaccines / Stacy J. Keding, Samuel J. Danishefsky -- ch. 15. Chemistry, biochemistry, and pharmaceutical potentials of glycosaminoglycans and related saccharides / Tasneem Islam, Robert J. Linhardt -- ch. 16. A new generation of antithrombotics based on synthetic oligosaccharides / Maurice Petitou, Jean-Marc Herbert -- ch. 17. Sequencing of oligosaccharides and glycoproteins / Stuart M. Haslam, Kay-Hooi Khoo, Anne Dell -- ch. 18. Preparation of heterocyclic 2-deoxystreptamine aminoglycoside analogues and characterization of their interaction with RNAs by use of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry / Richard H. Griffey, Steven A. Hofstadler, Eric E. Swayze -- ch. 19. Glycosylation analysis of a recombinant P-selectin antagonist by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed electrochemical detection (HPAEC/PED) / Mark R. Hardy, Richard J. Cornell -- ch. 20. Analytical techniques for the characterization and sequencing of glycosaminoglycans / Ram Sasisekharan, Zachary Shriver, Mallik Sundaram, Ganesh Venkataraman -- ch. 21. Thermodynamic models of the multivalency effect / Pavel I. Kitov, David R. Bundle -- ch. 22. Synthetic multivalent carbohydrate ligands as effectors or inhibitors of biological processes / Laura L. Kiessling, Jason K. Pontrello, Michael C. Schuster -- ch. 23. Glycosyltransferase inhibitors / Karl-Heinz Jung, Richard R. Schmidt -- ch. 24. RNA-aminoglycoside interactions / Haim Weizman, Yitzhak Tor -- ch. 25. Glycosylated natural products / Jon S. Thorson, Thomas Vogt -- ch. 26. Novel enzymatic mechanisms in the biosynthesis of unusual sugars / Alexander Wong, Xuemei He, Hung-Wen Liu -- ch. 27. Neoglycolipids : identification of functional carbohydrate epitopes / Ten Feizi, Alexander M. Lawson, Wengang Chai -- ch. 28. A preamble to aglycone reconstruction for membrane-presented glycolipid mimics / Murugesapillai Mylvaganam, Clifford A. Lingwood -- ch. 29. Small molecule inhibitors of the sulfotransferases / Dawn E. Verdugo, Lars C. Pedersen, Carolyn R. Bertozzi -- ch. 30. Carbohydrate-based treatment of cancer metastasis / Reiji Kannagi -- ch. 31. N-acetylneuraminic acid derivatives and mimetics as anti-influenza agents / Robin Thomson, Mark Von Itzstein -- ch. 32. Modified and modifying sugars as a new tool for the development of therapeutic agents : the biochemically engineered N-acyl side chain of sialic acid : biological implications and possible uses in medicine / Rüdiger Horstkorte, Oliver T. Keppler, Werner Reutter -- ch.33 . Modified and modifying sugars as a new tool for the development of therapeutic agents : glycosidated phospholipids as a new type of antiproliferative agents / Kerstin Danker, Annette Fischer, Werner Reutter -- ch. 34. Glycoside primers and inhibitors of glycosylation / Jillian R. Brown, Mark M. Fuster, Jeffrey D. Esko -- ch. 35. Carbohydrate-based drug discovery in the battle against bacterial infections : new opportunities arising from programmable one-pot oligosaccharide synthesis / Thomas K. Ritter, Prof. Dr. Chi-Huey Wong.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Yann Chevolot.
    Recent advances and future challenges in glycan microarray technology / José L. de Paz and Peter H. Seeberger -- Chemical synthesis of carbohydrates and their surface immobilization : a brief introduction / Daniel B. Werz -- General consideration on sialic acid chemistry / Hongzhi Cao and Xi Chen -- Synthesis of azido-functionalized carbohydrates for the design of glycoconjugates / Sami Cecioni [and others] -- Polypyrrole-oligosaccharide microarray for the measurement of biomolecular interactions by surface plasmon resonance imaging / Julia Bartoli, André Roget, and Thierry Livache -- Glycosylated self-assembled monolayers for arrays and surface analysis / Fang Cheng and Daniel M. Ratner -- Carbohydrate microarrays for enzymatic reactions and quantification of binding affinities for glycan-protein interactions / Myung-Ryul Lee, Sungjin Park, and Injae Shin -- Neoglycolipid-based oligosaccharide microarray system : preparation of NGLs and their noncovalent immobilization on nitrocellulose-coated glass slides for microarray analyses / Yan Liu [and others] -- Preparation of a mannose-6-phosphate glycan microarray through fluorescent derivatization, phosphorylation, and immobilization of natural high-mannose N-glycans and application in ligand identification of P-type lectins / Xuezheng Song [and others] -- Production of fluorous-based microarrays with uncharged carbohydrates / Sahana K. Nagapayya and Nicola L.B. Pohl -- General procedure for the synthesis of neoglycoproteins and immobilization on epoxide-modified glass slides / Yalong Zhang and Jeffrey C. Gildersleeve -- Immobilization of polyacrylamide-based glycoconjugates on solid phase in immunosorbent assays / Oxana E. Galanina [and others] -- Surface plasmon resonance imaging analysis of protein binding to a sialoside-based carbohydrate microarray / Matthew J. Linman [and others] -- Glycoarray by DNA-directed immobilization / Franc̦ois Morvan [and others] -- Fabrication of carbohydrate surfaces by using non-derivatised oligosaccharides / Jonathan Popplewell [and others] -- Polysaccharide microarrays : application to the identification of heparan sulphate mimetics / Julien Dheur [and others] -- Carbohydrate antigen microarrays / Denong Wang -- Probing virus-glycan interactions using glycan microarrays / Jamie Heimburg-Molinaro [and others] -- MALDI-ToF MS analysis of glycosyltransferase activities on gold surface arrays / Nicolas Laurent [and others] -- Microarray technology using glycans extracted from natural sources for serum antibody fluorescent detection / Emanuela Lonardi [and others] -- Studying modification of aminoglycoside antibiotics by resistance-causing enzymes via microarray / Matthew D. Disney -- Microarray method for the rapid detection of glycosaminoglycan-protein interactions / Claude J. Rogers and Linda C. Hsieh-Wilson -- Neoglycolipid-based "designer" oligosaccharide microarrays to define [beta]-glucan ligands for Dectin-1 / Angelina S. Palma [and others] -- Measurement of antibodies to pneumococcal polysaccharides with luminex xMAP microsphere-based liquid arrays / Jerry W. Pickering and Harry R. Hill -- Carbohydrate microarrays in 96-well polystyrene microtiter plates / Jean-Philippe Ebran, Nabil Dendane, and Oleg Melnyk -- Photoimmobilization of saccharides / Gregory T. Carroll and Denong Wang -- Microwave-assisted method for fabrication of carbohydrate cluster microarrays on 3-dimensional hydrazide-dendrimer substrate / Xichun Zhou, Jian Zhang, and Denong Wang -- Combinatorial glycoarray / Simon Rinaldi, Kathryn M. Brennan, and Hugh J. Willison.
  • 2012From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Peter Grunwald.
    1. Basics in carbohydrate chemistry / Heinrich Hühnerfuss -- 2. Glycoconjugates : a brief overview / Peter Grunwald -- 3. Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in recognition processes / Thisbe K. Lindhorst -- 4. Glycoside hydrolases / Motomitsu Kitaoka -- 5. Disaccharide phosphorylases : mechanistic diversity and application in the glycosciences / Christiane Luley-Goedl and Bernd Nidetzky -- 6. Enzymatic and chemoenzymatic synthesis of nucleotide sugars : novel enzymes, novel substrates, novel products, and novel routes / Leonie Engels and Lothar Elling -- 7. Iteratively acting glycosyltransferases / Marta Luzhetska and Andreas Bechthold -- 8. Bacterial glycosyltransferases involved in molecular mimicry of mammalian glycans / Warren Wakarchuk -- 9. Sulfotransferases and sulfatases : sulfate modification of carbohydrates / Eli Chapman and Sarah R. Hanson -- 10. Glycosylation in health and disease / Peter Grunwald -- 11. Sialic acid derivatives, analogues, and mimetics as biological probes and inhibitors of sialic acid recognizing proteins / Joe Tiralongo and Thomas Haselhorst -- 12. Enzymes of the carbohydrate metabolism and catabolism for chemoenzymatic syntheses of complex oligosaccharides / Julian Thimm and Joachim Thiem -- 13. From gene to product : tailor-made oligosaccharides and polysaccharides by enzyme and substrate engineering / Jürgen Seibel -- 14. Synthesis and modification of carbohydrates via metabolic pathway engineering in microorganisms / Xian-wei Liu ... [et al.] -- 15. Metabolic pathway engineering for hyaluronic acid production / Esteban Marcellin, Wendy Y. Chen, and Lars K. Nielsen -- 16. Microbial rhamnolipids / Markus M. Müller ... [et al.] -- 17. Chitin-converting enzymes / Karin Moss ... [et al.] -- 18. Linear and cyclic oligosaccharides / Hajime Taniguchi -- 19. Fungal degradation of plant oligo- and polysaccharides / Ronald P. de Vries ... [et al.] -- 20. Bacterial strategies for plant cell degradation and their genomic information / Yutaka Tamaru and Roy H. Doi -- 21. Design of efficient multienzymatic reactions for cellulosic biomass processing / Anne S. Meyer.
  • 2014From: Springer
    Susan C. Frost, Robert McKenna, editors.
    The study of carbonic anhydrase has spanned multiple generations of scientists. Carbonic anhydrase was first discovered in 1932 by Meldrum and Roughton. Inhibition by sulfanilamide was shown in 1940 by Mann and Keilin. Even Hans Krebs contributed to early studies with a paper in 1948 showing the relationship of 25 different sulfonamides to CA inhibition. It was he who pointed out the importance of both the charged and uncharged character of these compounds for physiological experiments. The field of study that focuses on carbonic anhydrase (CA) has exploded in recent years with the identification.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Bohuslav Ostadal, Naranjan S. Dhalla, editors.
    The processes of adaptation and maladaptation play an important role in the pathogeny of serious cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, valvular diseases, congenital heart disease, myocardial infarction and different cardiomyopathies as well as during adaptation to exercise and high altitude hypoxia. This volume incorporates the rapidly developing basic and clinically relevant information on adaptive mechanisms, thereby contributing to the better understanding of possible prevention and therapy of life-threatening cardiovascular diseases. The first section of this volume focuses on developmental aspects of cardiac adaptation, including chapters on comparative and molecular aspects of cardiac development, prenatal and postnatal developments, coronary vascular development, and ontogenetic adaptation to hypoxia, as well as cardiac and arterial adaptation during aging. The second section is devoted to cardiac adaptations to overload on the heart, centered around the mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy due to pressure overload, volume overload, exercise, gender difference, high altitude, and different pathological situations. The third section of this volume highlights the roles of sympathetic nervous system with respect to [alpha]-adrenoceptor and [beta]-adrenoceptor mechanisms in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac Adaptations will be of great value to cardiovascular investigators, who will find this book highly useful in their cardiovascular studies for finding solutions in diverse pathological conditions; it will also appeal to students, fellows, scientists, and clinicians interested in cardiovascular abnormalities.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Ian M.C. Dixon, Jeffrey T. Wigle, editors.
    Cardiac fibrosis and heart failure-- cause or effect? -- Fibroblast activation in the infarcted myocardium -- Mechanical and matrix regulation of valvular fibrosis -- Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells, micro-RNA, and fibrosis -- The stressful life of cardiac myofibroblasts -- Pathogenic origins of fibrosis in the hypertensive heart disease that accompnaies aldosternoism -- Embryological origin of valve progenitor cells -- Diverse cellular origin of valve progenitor cells -- Diverse cellular origins of cardiac fibroblasts -- Non-canonical regulation of TGF-β1 signaling: a role for Ski/Sno and YAP/TAZ -- Molecular mechanisms of smooth muscle and fibroblast phenotype conversions in the failing heart -- Current and future strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac fibrosis -- Remodelling of the cardiac extracellular matrix: role of collagen degradation and accumulation in pathogenesis of heart failure -- Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) -- Collagen processing and its role in fibrosis -- Mechanisms of cardiac fibrosis and heart failure -- Mathematical simulations of sphingosine-1-phosphate actions on mammalian ventricular myofibroblasts and myocytes -- Extracellular matrix and cardiac disease: surgical and scientific perspectives -- The role or neurohumoral activation in cardiac fibrosis and heart failure -- Natriuretic peptides: critical regulators of cardiac fibroblasts and the extracellular matrix in the heart -- Cardiac tissue engineering for the treatment of heart failure post-infarction -- Mechanisms in cardiac valve failure and the development of tissue engineered heart valves -- Index.
  • 2010From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by John T. Landrum.
    "Carotenoids are of great interest due to their essential biological functions in both plants and animals. However, the properties and functions of carotenoids in natural systems are surprisingly complex. With an emphasis on the chemical aspects of these compounds, Carotenoids: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties presents a broad overview and recent developments with respect to understanding carotenoid structure, electronic and photochemical properties, and the use of novel analytical methods in the detection and characterization of carotenoids and their actions. The text also explores LC/MS and LC/MS/MS techniques as well as new applications of PCR and molecular biology methodologies"--Book jacket.
  • 2013From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Olaf Sommerburg, Werner Siems, and Klaus Kraemer.
    Hepatic retinoid metabolism : what is known and what is not / Jason J. Yuen, Jian Zhang Yang and William S. Blaner -- Metabolism of vitamin A in white adipose tissue and obesity / Shanmugam M. Jeyakumar ... [et al.] -- Retinoids in the treatment of psoriasis / Neil Borkar, Alan Menter -- Age-related macular degeneration and carotenoids / Nilesh Kalariya, Werner G. Siems, Frederik van Kuijk -- Lutein, zeaxanthin and vision across the lifespan / Billy R. Hammond, Jr. -- Assuring vitamin A adequacy to prevent eye and ear disorders / Tripper Sauer, Susan Emmett, Keith P. West, Jr. -- Disturbed accumulation and abnormal distribution of macular pigment in retinal disorders / Tos TJM Berendschot, Peter Charbel Issa, Thomas Theelen -- Retinol and otitis media / Akeem Olawale Lasisi -- Carotenoids and mutagenesis / P. M. Eckl ... [et al.] -- Carotenoids and vitamin A in lung cancer prevention / Anita Ratnasari Iskandar, Xiang-Dong Wang -- Is the effect of [Beta]-carotene on prostate cancer cells dependent on their androgen sensitivity? / Joanna Dulinska-Litewka ... [et al.] -- Carotenoid intake and supplementation in cancer : pro and con / W.G. Siems ... [et al.] -- Vitamin A in lung development and function / Hans-Konrad Biesalski -- Vitamin A and carotenoids in lung diseases / Olaf Sommerburg, Werner Siems -- Chemopreventive effects of astaxanthin on inflammatory bowel disease and inflammation-related colon carcinogenesis / Masashi Hosokawa, Yumiko Yasui -- Carotenoids in laboratory medicine / Ingolf Schimke, Michael Vogeser -- Supply of vitamin A in developing countries / Klaus Kraemer -- Vitamin A intakes are below recommendations in a significant proportion of the population in the western world / Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Barbara Trösch, Petra Weber -- Critical appraisal of vitamin A supplementation program in India / Dechenla Tshering Bhutia, Saskia De Pee -- Consequences of common genetic variations on SS-carotene cleavage for vitamin A supply / Georg Lietz, Anthony Oxley, Christine Boesch-Saadatmandi.
  • 2016From: Springer
    Claudia Stange.
    Carotenoid distribution in nature -- Biosynthesis of carotenoids in plants: enzymes and color -- Structures and analysis of carotenoid molecules -- Carotenoids and photosynthesis -- Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in photosynthetic organs -- Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis during fruit development -- Carotenoid biosynthesis in Daucus carota -- Carotenoids in microalgae -- Apocarotenoids : a new carotenoid-derived pathway -- Plastids and carotenoid accumulation -- Evidence of epigenetic mechanisms affecting carotenoids -- Manipulation of carotenoid content in plants to improve human health -- Modern breeding and biotechnological approaches to enhance carotenoid accumulation in seeds -- Carotenoids as a source of antioxidants in the diet -- Carotenoids in adipose tissue biology and obesity -- Absorption of carotenoids and mechanisms involved in their health-related properties.
  • 2014From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Peter V. Bozhkov, Department of Plant Biology, Uppsa;a BioCenter, Swedish University of Agricultural Science and Linnean Center for Plant Biology, Uppsala, Sweden, Guy Salvesen, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.
    General in vitro Caspase Assay Procedures -- Positional Scanning Substrate Combinatorial Library (PS-SCL) Approach to Define Caspase Substrate Specificity.- Global Identification of Caspase Substrates using PROTOMAP (PROtein TOpography and Migration Analysis Platform) -- Caspase-2 Protocols -- Caspase-14 Protocols -- Caspase Protocols in Caenorhabditis elegans -- Detecting Caspase Activity in Drosophila Larval Imaginal Discs -- Methods for the Study of Caspase Activation in the Xenopus laevis Oocyte and Egg Extract -- Caspase Protocols in Mice -- Measurement of Caspase Activation in Mammalian Cell Cultures -- Detection and Measurement of Paracaspase MALT1 Activity -- Leishmania Metacaspase: an Arginine-Specific Peptidase -- Purification, Characterization, and Crystallisation of Trypanosoma Metacaspases -- Monitoring the Proteostasis Function of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Metacaspase Yca1 -- Plant Metacaspase Activation and Activity -- Preparation of Arabidopsis thaliana Seedling Proteomes for Identifying Metacaspase Substrates by N-terminal COFRADIC.
  • Helen Irene Wiersma-Koch.
    Catalytic promiscuity, the property of enzymes possessing low levels of activity toward non-cognate reactions, can be exploited as a functional tool to investigate conserved and non-conserved mechanism of enzyme specificity and catalysis between members in the same superfamily. Members of the main branch of the Alkaline Phosphatase (AP) superfamily have a structurally conserved core and active site bimetallo site. Other active site features that confer specificity for a given reaction differ between the families. Families within this superfamily catalyze a wide range of reactions, and enzymes within different families show catalytic promiscuity toward reactions catalyzed by other families within this branch. Structural comparisons and phylogenetic analysis suggests that all of the families in the superfamily arose from a common ancestor whose active site consisted of the bimetallo site alone, absent of peripheral, specificity determining features. Experimental data with a member of the nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (NPP) family suggests that a "minimal" mutant version of this enzyme that lacks peripheral, specificity determining features, has equal activity toward the two major reactions catalyzed by the AP superfamily, phosphate monoester and phosphate diester hydrolysis reactions. Together, the structural comparisons, phylogenic analysis, and experimental results lead to the hypothesis that the common ancestor of the AP superfamily is a "generalist." By using a variety of techniques, we provide support for a mechanism of evolution in which a "generalist" enzyme may give rise to multiple enzymes specific for, related, but individual reactions. Support for this mechanism, first proposed in 1976, has, until, now been limited. We suggest that this "generalist" mechanism is a valid mechanism for the evolution of ancient enzymes, present in the early evolution of life, into diverse superfamilies in which each family possesses specificity for one given reaction.
  • 2013From: ScienceDirect
    [editor] Lee E. Eiden.
    Through the use of extended graphical abstracts and some traditional text-only abstracts this collection provides, a record of and roadmap to, the research presented at The Tenth International Catecholamine Symposium (XICS) held in September of 2012. Organized around ten general themes, each is introduced by a short overview identifying interesting research programs, results and potential areas of growth. The collection is a roadmap to key research and future opportunities for new catecholamine research programs and will be of interest to neuroscientists and clinical neurologists interested in understanding the current and future state of catecholamine research..
  • 2012From: Springer
    edited by Jean-François Jasmin, Philippe G. Frank, Michael P. Lisanti.
    Lipid rafts, caveolae, and GPI linked proteins / Valerie L. Reeves, Candice M. Thomas, and Eric J. Smart -- Caveolae and the regulation of endocytosis / Anna L. Kiss -- Caveolin : role in cell signaling / Cecile Boscher and Ivan Robert Nabi -- Regulation of ENOS in caveolae / Chieko Mineo and Philip W. Shaul -- Recent developments in the interactions between caveolin and pathogens / Fabiana S. Machado ... [et al.] -- Caveolin and breast cancer : a new clinical perspective / Isabelle Mercier and Michael P. Lisanti -- Caveolin and prostate cancer progression / Michael R. Freeman, Wei Yang, and Dolores Di Vizio -- Caveolins and caveolae, roles in insulin signalling, and diabetes / Peter Strolfors -- Atherosclerosis, caveolae, and caveolin / Stephanos Pavlides ... [et al.] -- Caveolins and heart diseases / Mathivadhani Panneerselvam, Hemal H. Patel, and David M. Roth -- Caveolins and lung function / Nikolaos A. Maniatis ... [et al.].
    Also available: Print – 2012
  • 2010From: Springer
    Annick Perbal, Masaharu Takigawa, Bernard Perbal, editors.
    1. A Recent Breakthrough in the CCN Field: Functional Interactions Between CCN2 and CCN3 are Uncovered / Bernard Perbal -- 2. Report on the Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes / A. E. Irvine, B. Perbal, and H. Yeger -- 3. Asking the Right Questions: What Can the Structure of the CCN Protein Domains Tell Us? / Kenneth P. Holbourn, Bernard Perbal, and K. Ravi Acharya -- 4. Nucleophosmin/B23: A Multifunctional Regulator that Determines the Fate of CCN2 mRNA / Satoshi Kubota, Yoshiki Mukudai, Harumi Kawaki, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Tsuyoshi Shimo, and Masaharu Takigawa -- 5. The CCN Genes as the “Master” Regulators of Angiogenesis, Vasculogenesis, Fibrogenesis and Cell Differentiation/Fate Specification in Mechanical Force-Driven Developmental Processes and Pathological Events / Mary Hanna and Brahim Chaqour -- 6. A Monoclonal Antibody Approach to CCN5 Domain Analysis / Lan Wei, Frank McKeon, Joshua W. Russo, Joan Lemire, and John Castellot -- 7. Matricellular Protein CCN2 Produced by Tubular Epithelial Cells Plays a Pivotal Role in Renal Fibrogenesis / Hirokazu Okada, Tsutomu Inoue, and Hiromichi Suzuki -- 8. Cooperative Regulation of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation by CCN2 and CCN3 / Masaharu Takigawa, Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, and Bernard Perbal -- 9. The Role of CCN3 in Mesenchymal Stem Cells / Ken-Ichi Katsube -- 10. Role of Connective Tissue Growth Factor in Cardiac Fibrosis / Daiji Kawanami, Saptarsi M. Haldar, and Mukesh K. Jain -- 11. Gene Expression of CCN Family Members in Young and Aged Human Skin In Vivo / Taihao Quan, Sharon Shin, Zhaoping Qin, and Gary J. Fisher -- 12. Global Expression Profiling Reveals a Role for CTGF/CCN2 in Lactogenic Differentiation of Mouse Mammary Epithelial Cells / Weihan Wang, Cynthia Jose, Nicholas Kenney, Bethanie Morrison, and Mary Lou Cutler -- 13. CCN3 (NOV): A Negative Regulator of CCN2 (CTGF) Activity and an Endogenous Inhibitor of Fibrosis in Experimental Diabetic Nephropathy / Bruce. L. Riser, Feridoon Najmabadi, Bernard Perbal, Jo Ann Rambow, Melisa L. Riser, Ernest Sukowski, Herman Yeger, Sarah C. Riser, and Darryl R. Peterson -- 14. Inhibitors of Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CCN2)-Mediated Fibrogenesis: Underlying Mechanisms and Prospects for Anti-fibrotic Therapy / David R. Brigstock -- 15. CCN3 Promotes Melanoma Progression by Regulating Integrin Expression, Adhesion and Apoptosis Induced by Cytotoxic Drugs / Viviana Vallacchi, Maria Daniotti, Annamaria De Filippo, Licia Rivoltini, Bernard Perbal, and Monica Rodolfo -- 16. CCN3: A NOVel Growth Factor in Leukaemia / Lynn McCallum and Alexandra E Irvine -- 17. Prognostic Relevance of CCN3 in Bone Sarcomas / Bernard Perbal, Noureddine Lazar, Diana Zambelli, Monia Zuntini, Massimo Serra, Jose Antonio Lopez-Guerrero, Antonio Llombart-Bosch, Piero Picci, and Katia Scotlandi -- 18. CCN6 Regulates Breast Cancer Growth and Invasion Through Modulation of IGF Signaling and Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition / Anupama Pal, Wei Huang, and Celina G. Kleer -- 19. Novel Transcriptional Regulation of CCN2/CTGF by Nuclear Translocation of MMP3 / Takanori Eguchi, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiki Mukudai, Junji Uehara, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Soichiro Ibaragi, Akira Sasaki, Takuo Kuboki, and Masaharu Takigawa -- Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes: Abstracts and Posters October 18-22, 2008.
  • 2014From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Kirill Alexandrov and Wayne A. Johnston.
    Production of eukaryotic cell-free lysate from Leishmania tarentolae / Wayne A. Johnston and Kirill Alexandrov -- Bioinformatics analysis and optimization of cell-free protein synt / Alexander A. Tokmakov ... [et al.] -- Cell-free expression screen to identify fusion tags for improved protein expression / Andrew Kralicek -- One-pot, microscale cell-free enzyme expression and screening / Aarthi Chandrasekaran and Anup K. Singh -- Cell-free translation of biofuel enzymes / Taichi E. Takasuka ... [et al.] -- Cloning-independent expression and screening of enzymes using cell-free protein synthesis systems / Yong-Chan Kwon, Jae-Kwang Song, and Dong-Myung Kim -- High-level cell-free production of membrane proteins with nanodiscs / Christian Roos ... [et al.] -- Cell-free protein-based enzyme discovery and protein-ligand interaction study / Sabrina Guillemer ... [et al.] -- Human cell extract-derived cell-free systems for virus synthesis / Tominari Kobayashi, Kodai Machida, and Hiroaki Imataka -- Cell-free protein synthesis in microfluidic 96-well plates / Kirsten Jackson, Ruba Khnouf, and Z. Hugh Fan -- Preparation of multiple site-specific mutant proteins for NMR studies by PCR-Directed cell-free protein synthesis / Kiyoshi Ozawa and Ruhu Qi -- Site-specific incorporation of unnatural amino acids into proteins by cell-free protein synthesis / Kiyoshi Ozawa and Choy Theng Loh -- In vitro translation of papillomavirus authentic and codon-modified L1 capsid gene mRNAs in mouse keratinocyte cell-free lysate / Kong-Nan Zhao -- Optimized yeast cell-free lysate system for in vitro translation of human virus mRNA / Xiao Wang, Liang Zhao, and Kong-Nan Zhao -- In vitro translation-based protein kinase substrate identification / Szilvia K. Nagy and Tamás Mészáros -- Preparation of protein arrays using cell-free protein expression / Elizabeth A. Cook and Mingyue He -- Posttranscriptional control of protein synthesis in Drosophila S2 cell-free system / Motoaki Wakiyama and Shigeyuki Yokoyama -- Cell-free membrane protein expression / Tomomi Kimura-Soyema, Mikako Shirouzu, and Shigeyuki Yokoyama -- PURE System for Protein Production / Yoshihiro Shimizu ... [et al.] -- Cell-free protein synthesis system from insect cells / Toru Ezure, Takashi Suzuki, and Eiji Ando -- Cell-free expression platform for production of protein microarrays / Xristo Zárate and David W. Galbraith.
  • 2007From: Springer
    edited by Stuart K. Calderwood.
    Surveys the knowledge concerning the expression and function of stress proteins in different organisms, ranging from prokaryotes to humans. This book provides an overview of the diversity and complex evolutionary history of cell stress proteins and describes their function and expression in different eukaryote models.
  • 2005From: Springer
    by Lee E. Limbird.
    Also available: Print – 2005
  • 2014From: ScienceDirect
    Lorenzo Galluzzi and Guido Kroemer editors.
  • 2010From: Springer
    Peter D. Adams, John M. Sedivy, editors.
  • 2012From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Harry J. Gilbert.
    Cellulase refers to a class of enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze cellulolysis. This volume in the Methods in Enzymology series comprehensively covers this topic.
  • 2009From: Springer
    contributors, L.K. Antos ... [et al.] ; Harald H.H.W. Schmidt, Franz Hofmann, Johannes-Peter Stasch, editors.
  • 2006From: Springer
    Marja Makarow, Ineke Braakman (eds.).
  • 2013From: Springer
    Alberto J. L. Macario, Everly Conway de Macario, Francesco Cappello.
    This Brief provides a concise review of chaperonopathies, i.e., diseases in which molecular chaperones play an etiologic-pathogenic role. Introductory chapters deal with the chaperoning system and chaperoning teams and networks, HSP-chaperone subpopulations, the locations and functions of chaperones, and chaperone genes in humans. Other chapters present the chaperonopathies in general, including their molecular features and mechanistic classification into by defect, excess, or mistake. Subsequent chapters discuss the chaperonopathies in more detail, focusing on their distinctive characteristic.
  • Nikoleta G. Tsvetanova.
    The dynamic processes of a living cell depend on the coordinated temporal and spatial regulation of the many steps of gene expression. Transcription regulation is one control point of gene expression, and a gene can also be regulated post-transcriptionally, by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). The biological significance of post-transcriptional regulation is especially evident in cases, where RBP binding controls the temporal precision of suppression and activation of important cellular stress responses. We developed a proteome-wide experimental approach for in vitro identification of novel RBPs and RNA-protein interactions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found 12 novel RNA-binding proteins, the majority of which, surprisingly, are currently annotated as enzymes with roles in metabolic processes. We next used this proteomic approach to screen for proteins specifically interacting with the HAC1 RNA, which mediates activation of the yeast unfolded protein response (UPR). We found that HAC1 associated reproducibly with four small yeast GTPases, three of which are of the Ypt family of ras-GTPases. We further characterized one of them, the yeast Rab1 homolog Ypt1, and showed that Ypt1 interacted with unspliced HAC1 RNA only in the absence of ER stress. Selective Ypt1 depletion increased HAC1 RNA stability and expression, and also affected timely recovery from UPR. By developing and applying a novel proteomic approach for studying RNA-protein interactions, we established Ypt1 as an important regulator of HAC1 expression and UPR signaling. This unexpected protein-RNA interaction provides a biochemical mechanism for coordinating the key cellular processes of vesicle trafficking and ER homeostasis.
  • Christopher Van.
    Stalled replication forks activate and are stabilized by the ATR-mediated checkpoint, but ultimately they must also recover from the arrest. While primed ssDNA is sufficient for checkpoint activation, it is still unknown how this signal is generated at a stalled replication fork. Furthermore, it is not clear how recovery and fork restart occur in higher eukaryotes. Using Xenopus egg extracts, we show that DNA replication continues at a stalled fork through the synthesis and elongation of new primers independent of the checkpoint. This synthesis is dependent on the activity of PCNA, Pol[delta] and Pol[epsilon], and it contributes to the phosphorylation of Chk1. We also used defined DNA structures to show that for a fixed amount of ssDNA, increasing the number of primer-template junctions strongly enhances Chk1 phosphorylation. These results suggest that new primers are synthesized at stalled replication forks by the leading and lagging strand polymerases and that accumulation of these primers may contribute to checkpoint activation.
  • Bernard Wen-Bao Chu.
    To maintain protein homeostasis, cells must balance protein synthesis with protein degradation. Accumulation of misfolded or partially degraded proteins can lead to the formation of pathological protein aggregates. Here we report the use of destabilizing domains, proteins whose folding state can be reversibly tuned using a high-affinity ligand, as model substrates to interrogate cellular protein quality control mechanisms in mammalian cells using a forward genetic screen. Upon knockdown of UBE3C, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, a reporter protein consisting of a destabilizing domain fused to GFP is degraded more slowly and incompletely by the proteasome. Partial proteolysis is also observed when UBE3C is present but cannot ubiquitinate substrates because its active site has been mutated, it is unable to bind to the proteasome, or the substrate lacks lysine residues. UBE3C knockdown also results in less substrate polyubiquitination. Finally, knockdown renders cells more susceptible to the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-AAG, suggesting that UBE3C protects against the harmful accumulation of protein fragments arising from incompletely degraded proteasome substrates.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Masakatsu Shibasaki, Masamitsu Iino, Hiroyuki Osada, editors.
    At the forefront of life sciences today is the emerging discipline of chembiomolecular science. This new term describes the integration of the frontier fields of chemical biology, chemistry, and pharmacology. Chembiomolecular science aims to elucidate new biological mechanisms as potential drug targets and enhance the creation of new drug therapies. This book comprises the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2011, which focused on the most recent advances in chembiomolecular science made by leading experts in the field. The book is divided into three main topics. The first is the chemical approach to understanding complex biological systems on a molecular level using chemical compounds as a probe. The second describes the biological approach used to develop new lead drug compounds. The third focuses on the biological system that serves as the potential drug target, the beginning step in the process of developing new drugs. Replete with the latest research, the book will draw the attention of all scientists interested in the synergies between chemistry and biology to elucidate life on a molecular level and to promote drug discovery. Ultimately, the book helps promote the understanding of biological functions at the molecular level and create new pharmaceuticals that can contribute to improving human health.
  • 2015From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Jonathan E. Hempel, Charles H. Williams, Charles C. Hong.
    Identification of Therapeutic Small Molecule Leads in Cultured Cells Using Multiplexed Pathway Reporter Read-outs -- Applying the Logic of Genetic Interaction to Discover Small Molecules That Functionally Interact with Human Disease Alleles -- Construction and Application of a Photo-cross-linked Chemical Array -- High Content Screening for Modulators of Cardiac Differentiation in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Small Molecule High-Throughput Screening Utilizing Xenopus Egg Extract -- Fission Yeast-based High-throughput Screens for PKA Pathway Inhibitors and Activators -- A Method for High-throughput Analysis of Chronological Aging in Schizosaccharomyces pombe -- Protocols for the Routine Screening of Drug Sensitivity in the Human Parasite Trichomonas vaginalis -- Chemical Genetic Screens Using Arabidopsis thaliana Seedlings Grown on Solid Medium -- Small Molecule Screening Using Drosophila Models of Human Neurological Disorders -- High-throughput Small Molecule Screening in Caenorhabditis elegans -- Whole-organism Screening for Modulators of Fasting Metabolism Using Transgenic Zebrafish -- High Content Screening for Modulators of Cardiovascular or Global Developmental Pathways in Zebrafish -- Extraction Methods of Natural Products from Traditional Chinese Medicines -- Bioassay-guided Identification of Bioactive Molecules from Traditional Chinese Medicines -- NMR Screening in Fragment-Based Drug Design: A Practical Guide -- Practical Strategies for Small Molecule Probe Development in Chemical Biology -- Principal Component Analysis as a Tool for Library Design: A Case Study Investigating Natural Products, Brand-name Drugs, Natural Product-like Libraries, and Drug-like Libraries -- Small Molecule Library Screening by Docking with PyRx -- Fluorous Photoaffinity Labeling to Probe Protein-Small Molecule Interactions -- Identification of the Targets of Biologically Active Small Molecules Using Quantitative Proteomics -- Drug Affinity Responsive Target Stability (DARTS) for Small Molecule Target Identification -- Chemical Genomic Profiling via Barcode Sequencing to Predict Compound Mode of Action -- Image-Based Prediction of Drug Target in Yeast.
  • 2006From: Springer
    S. Jaroch, H. Weinmann, editors.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Edward D. Zanders.
    Overview of chemical genomics and proteomics / Edward D. Zanders -- Exploring chemical space : recent advances in chemistry / Yung-Sing Wong -- In silico design of small molecules / Paul H. Bernardo and Joo Chuan Tong -- Surface plasmon resonance for proteomics / Nico J. de Mol -- Biomimetic affinity ligands for immunoglobulins based on the multicomponent Ugi reaction / Graziella El Khoury, Laura A. Rowe, and Christopher R. Lowe -- Preparation of photo-cross-linked small molecule affinity matrices for affinity selection of protein targets for biologically active small molecules -- Profiling cellular myristoylation and palmitoylation using [omega]-alkynyl fatty acids -- Fluorescence labels in kinases: A high-throughput kinase binding assay for the identification of DFG-out binding ligands / Hiroshi Takayama, Takashi Moriya, and Naoki Kanoh -- Electrochemical aptamer sensor for small molecule assays / Xin Liu [and others] -- Miniaturized, microarray-based assays for chemical proteomic studies of protein function / Jonathan M. Blackburn, Aubrey Shoko, and Natasha Beeton-Kempen -- Glycan microarrays / Xuezheng Song [and others] -- Resolving bottlenecks for recombinant protein expression in E. coli / Yoav Peleg and Tamar Unger -- Recombinant protein expression in the baculovirus-infected insect cell system / Tamar Unger and Yoav Peleg -- Systems for the cell-free synthesis of proteins / Lei Kai [and others] -- Protein identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry / Judith Webster and David Oxley.
  • Ian Michael Brennan.
    During cell division, chromosome segregation must be coordinated with cell cleavage so that cytokinesis occurs after chromosomes have been safely distributed to each spindle pole. Polo like kinase 1 (Plk1) is an essential kinase that regulates spindle assembly, mitotic entry and chromosome segregation but because of its many mitotic roles it has been difficult to specifically study its post-anaphase functions. Small molecule inhibitors were used to block Plk1activity at anaphase onset and demonstrate that Plk1controls both spindle elongation and cytokinesis. Plk1 inhibited cells failed to assemble a contractile ring and contract the cleavage furrow due to a defect in Rho and Rho-GEF localization to the division site. Plk1 inhibition did not affect anaphase A chromosome to pole movement but blocked anaphase B spindle elongation. Anaphase B is thought to result from the coordinated activities of microtubule-sliding motors that drive the poles further apart and changes in spindle microtubule dynamics. Plk1 is unlikely to control anaphase B through regulation of a spindle kinesin because inhibition of known motor proteins failed to recapitulate the Plk1 depletion phenotype. Instead, Plk1 inhibition caused a significant decrease in microtubule growth rate during metaphase and early anaphase, indicating a role for Plk1 in regulating microtubule dynamics. Consistent with an inhibition of microtubule growth rate, Plk1 inhibition reduced the rate of poleward microtubule flux in metaphase spindles and caused a reduction in metaphase spindle length that could be reversed by microtubule stabilization with taxol. These data suggest a model in which Plk1 accelerates microtubule growth during mitosis to maintain spindle length and drive anaphase B spindle elongation.
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Matthew R. Banghart.
    Engineering k(+) channels using semisynthesis -- Chemical derivatization and purification of peptide-toxins for probing ion channel complexes -- Using yeast to study potassium channel function and interactions with small molecules -- A FLIPR assay for evaluating agonists and antagonists of GPCR heterodimers -- Characterizing caged molecules through flash photolysis and transient absorption spectroscopy -- Characterization of one- and two-photon photochemical uncaging efficiency -- Photochromic potassium channel blockers: Design and electrophysiological characterization -- A (1)h NMR assay for measuring the photostationary states of photoswitchable ligands -- Developing a photoreactive antagonist -- Development and in vitro characterization of ratiometric and intensity-based fluorescent ion sensors -- Characterization of voltage-sensitive dyes in living cells using two-photon excitation -- Characterization and validation of fluorescent receptor ligands: A case study of the ionotropic serotonin receptor -- Imaging single synaptic vesicles in mammalian central synapses with quantum dots -- Directed evolution of protein-based neurotransmitter sensors for MRI.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Gerard Drews and Marcus Bantscheff.
    Mass spectrometry-based chemoproteomic approaches -- Chemical proteomics in drug discovery -- Compound immobilization and drug-affinity chromatography -- Affinity-based chemoproteomics with small molecule-peptide conjugates -- A chemical proteomic probe for detecting dehydrogenases: Catechol rhodanine -- Probing proteomes with benzophenone photoprobes -- Biotinylated probes for the analysis of protein modification by electrophiles -- Profiling of methyltransferases and other S-adenosyl-l: -homocysteine-binding proteins by capture compound mass spectrometry -- Identifying cellular targets of small-molecule probes and drugs with biochemical enrichment and SILAC -- Determination of kinase inhibitor potencies in cell extracts by competition binding assays and isobaric mass tags -- Affinity-based profiling of dehydrogenase subproteomes -- Probing the specificity of protein-protein interactions by quantitative chemical proteomics -- Fluorescence-based proteasome activity profiling -- Chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry to study protein-drug interactions -- Monitoring ligand modulation of protein-protein interactions by chemical cross-linking and high-mass MALDI mass spectrometry -- Time-controlled transcardiac perfusion crosslinking for in vivo interactome studies -- Ligand discovery using small-molecule microarrays -- Working with small molecules : preparing and storing stock solutions and determination of kinetic solubility -- A database for chemical proteomics : ChEBI -- Working with small molecules: Rules-of-thumb of Drug likeness.
  • 2014From: CRCnetBASE
    Roger L. Lundblad.
  • Mark Anthony Sellmyer.
    A detailed understanding of living systems requires tools to examine and manipulate biological processes. Small molecules and optical imaging technologies are uniquely suited for this purpose. Small molecules enable the specific manipulation of biomolecular targets, and optical imaging permits the real-time observation of molecular and cellular processes in vivo. This dissertation describes a combination of chemical tool development and imaging strategies to address the following biological problems: 1) specific modification of the genome 2) exquisite control of protein function 3) observing cell-cell interactions in living animals. Chapter One describes a technology for targeted gene modification via the induction of double strand breaks in genomic DNA. The chapter begins with an overview of the field of gene targeting, and documents the design, synthesis, and testing of a novel method for high efficiency homologous recombination. The method relies on engineering two reagents, a small molecule DNA targeting element and a nuclease fusion protein. The targeting element, a peptide nucleic acid (PNA), was designed and synthesized to target DNA via Watson-Crick base pairing. The PNA also was covalently linked to the small molecule, trimethoprim, to recruit a DHFR nuclease fusion protein to a specific DNA site. Our studies show that the individual interactions of PNA/DNA and of PNA/nuclease can readily occur. Further, the ternary complex of PNA, DNA, and nuclease can form in solution. Chapters Two, Three, and Four describe the development and further characterization of a general method to perturb protein stability and function. Briefly, an unstable protein domain, termed a destabilizing domain (DD), can confer instability to a fused protein of interest and promote its rapid degradation. This instability can be rescued by the addition of a small molecule, Shield-1. Our work in Chapter Two describes the use of this system to regulate protein function in living mammals. In one example, we show that regulation of a secreted protein, the immunomodulatory cytokine IL-2, can control tumor burden in mouse models. Additionally, we used the DD to control the function of TNF-[Alpha] after systemic delivery to a tumor. Chapter Three expands on these in vivo efforts by employing the system to regulate secreted FGF2, an important modulator of bone formation, for skeletal tissue engineering. Shield-1 induction of FGF2 causes induction of bone formation in a calvarial-defect model. Chapter Four presents our observations on the behavior of the DD in various cellular environments --the cytoplasm, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria- and in the presence of small molecules that modulate protein production, degradation, and local protein quality control machinery. These data indicate that the levels of the DD, in the presence and absence ligand, is dependent on its subcellular locale and protein homeostasis machinery. The fifth chapter of this dissertation reports the development of a method to assess spatiotemporal cell-cell relationships in real-time and in living animals. The method is based on small-molecule diffusion of an activatable substrate between two populations of cells, thus allowing assessment of cell-cell proximity in vivo via bioluminescence imaging. One cell population catalyzes the release of a caged luciferin. The free luciferin can diffuse to a nearby population of cells expressing luciferase capable of light-emitting catalysis. Thus the luciferase cells in closest proximity to the "pool" of free luciferin emit the most light. We demonstrate the utility of this system in vitro and in vivo and are currently investigating its use for the detection of cancer and early metastatic disease in mouse models.
  • edited by Marcel Florkin, Bradley T. Scheer.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    v. 1. Protozoa -- v. 2. Porifera, Coelenterata, and Platyhelminthes -- v. 3. Echinodermata, Nematoda, and Acanthocephala -- v. 4. Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula -- v. 5-6. Arthropoda -- v. 7. Mollusca -- v. 8. Deuterostomians, cyclostomes, and fishes -- v. 9. Amphibia and Reptilia -- v. 10. Aves.
  • edited by Endre A. Balazs.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    v. 1. Collagen, basal laminae elastin --v. 2. Glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans --v. 3. Structural organization and function of the matrix.
  • 2013From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Goutam Brahmachari.
    "Natural products play crucial roles in modern drug development and constitute a prolific source of novel lead compounds or pharmacophores for ongoing drug discovery programs. Chemistry and Pharmacology of Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds presents cutting-edge research in the chemistry of bioactive natural products and demonstrates how natural product research continues to make significant contributions in the discovery and development of new medicinal entities."--Page [4] of cover.
  • 2015From: Springer
    edited by Philip K. Moore, Matt Whiteman.
    This book puts hydrogen sulfide in context with other gaseous mediators such as nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, reviews the available mechanisms for its biosynthesis and describes its physiological and pathophysiological roles in a wide variety of disease states. Hydrogen sulfide has recently been discovered to be a naturally occurring gaseous mediator in the body. Over a relatively short period of time this evanescent gas has been revealed to play key roles in a range of physiological processes including control of blood vessel caliber and hence blood pressure and in the regulation of nerve function both in the brain and the periphery. Disorders concerning the biosynthesis or activity of hydrogen sulfide may also predispose the body to disease states such as inflammation, cardiovascular and neurological disorders. Interest in this novel gas has been high in recent years and many research groups worldwide have described its individual biological effects. Moreover, medicinal chemists are beginning to synthesize novel organic molecules that release this gas at defined rates with a view to exploiting these new compounds for therapeutic benefit.
  • 2007From: Springer
    edited by Jeffrey K. Harrison and Nicholas W. Lukacs.
  • 2016From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Tracy M. Handel.
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Astrid E. Cardona, Eroboghene E. Ubogu.
    Chemokines constitute a large family of structurally similar cytokines that contain a signature of conserved cysteine residues joined by disulfide bridges. Binding of chemokines to specific G protein-coupled receptors followed by downstream signaling defines their biological function. Initially, chemoattraction was the key function linked to chemokines/chemokine receptors; however, in recent years, it has become clear that chemokine ligand-receptor interactions can also modulate cellular activation, survival, and proliferation, among other functions in homeostatic and diseased states. Importantly, major advances in our understanding of chemokine biology have led to chemokine receptors becoming specific therapeutic targets with great potential. In Chemokines: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers provide practical information regarding experimental models and state of the art protocols used to delineate chemokine/chemokine receptor function and their applications in health and disease. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and easy to use, Chemokines: Methods and Protocols aims to reveal key protocols of functional and descriptive chemokine ligand/receptor assays that will be of practical significance to graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, trainees, and researchers in academia and industry.
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Gerhard K.E. Scriba.
    Chiral recognition in separation science : an overview / Gerhard K.E. Scriba -- Enantioseparations by thin-layer chromatography / Massimo Del Bubba [and others] -- Gas-chromatographic enantioseparation of unfunctionalized chiral hydrocarbons : an overview / Volker Schurig and Diana Krieidler -- HPLC enantioseparation on cyclodextrin-based chiral stationary phases / Yong Wang and Siu Choon Ng -- Enantioseparations by high-performance liquid chromatography using polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases : an overview / Bezhan Chankvetadze -- Common screening approaches for efficient analytical method development in LC and SFC on columns packed with immobilized polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases / Pilar Franco and Tong Zhang -- Chiral separations by HPLC on immobilized polysaccharide chiral stationary phases / Imran Ali, Zeid A. AL-Othman, and Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein -- Enantioseparations by high-performance liquid chromatography using macrocyclic glycopeptide-based chiral stationary phases : an overview / István Ilisz [and others] -- Enantioseparations of primary amino compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography using chiral crown ether-based chiral stationary phase / Myung Ho Hyun -- Screening of Pirkle-type chiral stationary phases for HPLC enantioseparations / Gregory K. Webster and Ted J. Szczerba -- Enantioseparations by high-performance liquid chromatography based on chiral ligand-exchange / Benedetto Natalini, Roccaldo Sardella, and Federica Ianni -- Enantioseparations by high-performance liquid chromatography using molecularly imprinted polymers / David A. Spivak -- Chiral mobile phase additives in HPLC enantioseparations / Lushan Yu, Shengjia Wang, and Su Zeng -- Chiral benzofurazan-derived derivatization reagents for indirect enantioseparations by HPLC / Toshimasa Toyo'oka -- Separation of racemic 1-(9-Anthryl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethanol by sub-/supercritical fluid chromatography / Xiqin Yang, Leo Hsu, and Gerald Terfloth -- Chiral separations by simulated moving bed method using polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases / Toshiharu Minoda -- Enantioseparations by capillary electrophoresis using cyclodextrins as chiral selectors / Gerhard K.E. Scriba and Pavel Jáč -- Application of dual cyclodextrin systems in capillary electrophoresis enantioseparations / Anne-Catherine Servais and Marianne Fillet -- Enantioseparations in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using charged cyclodextrins / Anne-Catherine Servais and Marianne Fillet -- Use of macrocyclic antibiotics as the chiral selectors in capillary electrophoresis / Chengke Li and Jingwu Kang -- Application of polymeric surfactants in chiral micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CMEKC) and CMEKC coupled to mass spectrometry / Jun He and Shahab A. Shamsi -- Cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography for enantioseparations / Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim, Dadan Hermawan, and Mohd Marsin Sanagi -- Cyclodextrin-mediated enantioseparation in microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography / Claudia Borst and Ulrike Holzgrabe -- Chiral separations by capillary electrophoresis using proteins as chiral selectors / Jun Haginaka -- Enantioseparation by chiral ligand-exchange capillary electrophoresis / Yi Chen and Lijuan Song -- Experimental design methodologies in the optimization of chiral CE or CEC separations : an overview / Bieke Dejaegher, Debby Mangelings, and Yvan Vander Heyden -- Chiral capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry / Elena Domínguez-Vega, Antonio L. Crego, and Maria Luisa Marina -- Application of chiral ligand-exchange stationary phases in capillary electrochromatography / Martin G. Schmid -- Polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases in capillary electrochromatography enantioseparations / Zhenbin Zhang, Hanfa Zou, and Junjie Ou -- Open tubular molecular imprinted phases in chiral capillary electrochromatography / Won Jo Cheong and Song Hee Yang -- Enantioseparations in capillary electrochromatography using sulfated poly [beta]-cyclodextrin-modified silica-based monolith as stationary phase / Ruijuan Yuan and Guosheng Ding -- Cyclodextrin-mediated enantioseparations by capillary electrochromatography / Dorothee Wistuba and Volker Schurig.
  • 2006From: Springer
    edited by Bernhard Grimm ... [et al.].
  • 2011From: Springer Protocols
    Fulltext v. 2From: Springer Protocols
    edited by R. Paul Jarvis.
    Vol. 1. Screening or selection for chloroplast biogenesis mutants of Arabidopsis, following chemical or insertional mutagenesis / Enrique López-Juez and Alison Hills -- Analysis of plastid number, size, and distribution in Arabidopsis plants by light and fluorescence microscopy / Kevin Pyke -- Immunofluorescence microscopy for localization of Arabidopsis chloroplast proteins / Stanislav Vitha and Katherine W. Osteryoung -- Transient expression and analysis of chloroplast proteins in Arabidopsis protoplasts / Dong Wook Lee and Inhwan Hwang -- Visualisation of stromules on Arabidopsis plastids / John C. Gray, James A. Sullivan, and Christine A. Newell -- Analysis of chloroplast movement and relocation in Arabidopsis / Masamitsu Wada and Sam-Geun Kong -- Studying starch content and sedimentation of amyloplast statoliths in Arabidopsis roots / John Stanga, Allison Strohm, and Patrick H. Masson -- Studying Arabidopsis chloroplast structural organisation using transmission electron microscopy / Stefan Hyman and R. Paul Jarvis -- Transplastomics in Arabidopsis : progress toward developing an efficient method / Kerry Ann Lutz, Arun Azhagiri, and Pal Maliga -- Isolation, quantification, and analysis of chloroplast DNA / Beth A. Rowan and Arnold J. Bendich -- Measurement of transcription rates in Arabidopsis chloroplasts / Yan O. Zubo, Thomas Börner, and Karsten Liere -- Studying the structure and processing of chloroplast transcripts / Alice Barkan -- In vitro RNA-binding assay for studying trans-factors for RNA editing in chloroplasts / Toshiharu Shikanai and Kenji Okuda -- Studying translation in Arabidopsis chloroplasts / Paolo Pesaresi -- Studying proteases and protein turnover in Arabidopsis chloroplasts / Lars L. Söjgren and Adrian K. Clarke -- In silico methods for identifying organellar and suborganellar targeting peptides in Arabidopsis chloroplast proteins and for predicting the topology of membrane proteins / Sandra K. Tanz and Ian Small -- Rapid isolation of Arabidopsis chloroplasts and their use for in vitro protein import assays / Henrik Aronsson and R. Paul Jarvis -- Energetic manipulation of chloroplast protein import and the use of chemical cross-linkers to map protein-protein Interactions / Hitoshi Inoue, Fei Wang, Takehito Inaba, and Danny J. Schnell -- Isolation of Arabidopsis thylakoid membranes and their use for in vitro protein insertion or transport assays / Thomas Bals and Danja Schünemann -- Determining the location of an Arabidopsis chloroplast protein using in vitro import followed by fractionation and alkaline extraction / Chiung-Chih Chu and Hsou-min Li -- Studying Arabidopsis envelope protein localization and topology using thermolysin and trypsin proteases / John Froehlich. Vol. 2. One- and two-dimensional blue native-PAGE and immunodetection of low-abundance chloroplast membrane protein complexes / Shingo Kikuchi, Jocelyn Bédard, and Masato Nakai -- Analysis of thylakoid protein complexes by two-dimensional electrophoretic systems / Sari Sirpiö, Marjaana Suorsa, and Eva-Mari Aro -- Preparation of multiprotein complexes from Arabidopsis chloroplasts using tandem affinity purification / Charles Andrès, Birgit Agne, and Felix Kessler -- Studying interactions between chloroplast proteins in intact plant cells using bimolecular fluorescence complementation and Förster resonance energy transfer / Jodi Maple and Simon G. Møller -- Studying chloroplast protein interactions in vitro : an overview of the available methods / Joanna Tripp and Enrico Schleiff -- Proteome databases and other online resources for chloroplast research in Arabidopsis / Diogo Ribeiro Demartini, Célia Regina Carlini, and Jay J. Thelen -- Use of transcriptomics to analyze chloroplast processes in Arabidopsis / Tatjana Kleine and Dario Leister -- Use of non-aqueous fractionation and metabolomics to study chloroplast function in Arabidopsis / Peter Geigenberger, Axel Tiessen, and Jörg Meurer -- Chloroplast phenomics : systematic phenotypic screening of chloroplast protein mutants in Arabidopsis / Yan Lu, Linda J. Savage, and Robert L. Last -- Preparation of envelope membrane fractions from Arabidopsis chloroplasts for proteomic analysis and other studies / Daniel Salvi, Lucas Moyet, Daphné Seigneurin-Berny, Myriam Ferro, Jacques Joyard, and Norbert Rolland -- Preparation of stroma, thylakoid membrane, and lumen fractions from Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplasts for proteomic analysis / Michael Hall, Yogesh Mishra, and Wolfgang P. Schröder -- Preparation of plastoglobules from Arabidopsis plastids for proteomic analysis and other studies / Celine Besagni, Lucia Eugeni Piller, and Claire Bréhélin -- Preparation and proteomic analysis of chloroplast ribosomes / Kenichi Yamaguchi -- The workflow for quantitative proteome analysis of chloroplast development and differentiation, chloroplast mutants, and protein interactions by spectral counting / Giulia Friso, Paul Dominic B. Olinares, and Klaas J. van Wijk -- Use of phosphoproteomics to study posttranslational protein modifications in Arabidopsis chloroplasts / Anne Endler and Sacha Baginsky -- Use of a pulse-amplitude modulated chlorophyll fluorometer to study the efficiency of photosynthesis in Arabidopsis plants / Matthew D. Brooks and Krishna K. Niyogi -- Gas exchange measurements for the determination of photosynthetic efficiency in Arabidopsis leaves / Giles Johnson and Erik Murchie -- Measurement of the [delta]pH and electric field developed across Arabidopsis thylakoids in the light / Steven M. Theg and Curtis Tom -- Measurement of chloroplast ATP synthesis activity in Arabidopsis / Aleel K. Grennan and Donald R. Ort -- Methods for analysis of photosynthetic pigments and steady-state levels of intermediates of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis / Olaf Czarnecki, Enrico Peter, and Bernhard Grimm -- Analysis of starch metabolism in chloroplasts / Carmen Hostettler, Katharina Kölling, Diana Santelia, Sebastian Streb, Oliver Kötting, and Samuel C. Zeeman -- Analysis of lipid content and quality in Arabidopsis plastids / Anna Maria Zbierzak, Peter Dörmann, and Georg Hölzl.
  • 2010From: Springer
    J. Robin Harris, editor.
    Cholesterol-protein interaction: methods and cholesterol reporter molecules / G. Gimpl -- Cholesterol in Alzheimer's disease and other amyloidogenic disorders / J.R. Harris and N.G. Milton -- Cholesterol-binding viral proteins in virus entry and morphogenesis / C. Schroeder -- Sterol-protein interactions in cholesterol and bile acid synthesis / E. De Fabiani ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol oxidase: structure and function / A. Vrielink -- Oxysterol-binding proteins / N.D. Ridgway -- High density lipoprotein structure-function and role in reverse cholesterol transport / S. Lund-Katz and M.C. Phillips -- Lipoprotein modification and macrophage uptake: role of pathologic cholesterol transport in atherogenesis / Y.I. Miller ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol interaction with proteins that partition into membrane domains: an overview / R.M. Epand ... [et al.] -- Caveolin, sterol carrier protein-2, membrane cholesterol-rich microdomains and intracellular cholesterol trafficking / F. Schroeder ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol in Niemann-Pick type C disease / X. Bi and G. Liao -- Protein mediators of sterol transport across intestinal brush border membrane / J.M. Brown and L. Yu -- Cholesterol at the endoplasmic reticulum: Roles of the sigma-1 receptor chaperone and implications thereof in human diseases / T. Hayashi and T.P. Su -- Prominin-1: a distinct cholesterol-binding membrane protein and the organisation of the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells / D. Corbeil ... [et al.] -- Mammalian StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domains with specificity for cholesterol: Structural conservation and mechanism of reversible binding / P. Lavigne, R. Najmanivich and J.G. Lehoux -- Membrane cholesterol in the function and organization of G-protein coupled receptors / Y.D. Paila and A. Chattopadhyay -- Cholesterol effects on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor: cellular aspects / F.J. Barrantes -- Cholesterol and myelin biogenesis / G. Saher and M. Simons -- Cholesterol and ion channels / I. Levitan ... [et al.] -- The cholesterol-dependent cytolysin family of gram-positive bacterial toxins / A.P. Heuck, P.C. Moe and B.B. Johnson -- Cholesterol specificity of some heptameric beta-barrel pore-forming bacterial toxins: Structural and functional aspects / J.R. Harris and M. Palmer -- Cholesterol-binding toxins and anti-cholesterol antibodies as structural probes for cholesterol localization / Y. Ohno-Iwashita ... [et al.].
  • 2012From: Wiley
    edited by Irena Levitan, Francisco Barrantes.
    Cholesterol trafficking and distribution between cellular membranes / Daniel Wustner, Lukasz M. Solanko, Frederik W. Lund -- Cholesterol regulation of membrane protein function by changes in bilayer physical properties : an energetic perspective / Jens A. Lundbaek and Olaf S. Andersen -- Insights into structural determinants of cholesterol sensitivity of Kir channels / Avia Rosenhouse-Dantsker and Irena Levitan -- Role for lipid rafts in the regulation of store-operated Ca2+ channels / Hwei L. Ong and Indu S. Ambudkar -- Cholesterol regulation of cardiac ion channels / Elise Balse, Stephane Hatem and Stanley Nattel -- Differential contribution of BK subunits to nongenomic regulation of channel function by steroids / Alex M. Dopico, Anna N. Bukiya, and Aditya K. Singh -- Regulation of K+ channels by cholesterol-rich membrane domains in immune system / Núria Comes and Antonio Felipe -- Indirect channel regulation by cholesterol : the role of caveolae and caveolins in regulating KATP channel function / Caroline Dart -- Regulation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by cholesterol as a boundary lipid / Francisco J. Barrantes -- Specific and non-specific regulation of GPCR function by cholesterol / Gerald Gimpl and Katja Gehrig-Burger -- Structural insights into cholesterol interactions with G protein-coupled receptors / Jeremiah S. Joseph, Enrique E. Abola, and Vadim Cherezov -- Membrane cholesterol : implications in receptor function / Sandeep Shrivastava and Amitabha Chattopadhyay -- The role of cholesterol and lipid rafts in regulation of TLR receptors / Ruxana T. Sadikot.
  • pt. A-C, 2004.From: ScienceDirect
    pt. BFrom: ScienceDirect
    pt. CFrom: ScienceDirect
    edited by C. David Allis, Carl Wu.
    Also available: Print – pt. A-C, 2004.
  • 2007From: Springer
    edited by Tapas K. Kundu and Dipak Dasgupta.
  • 2010From: Springer
    Urs Albrecht, editor.
  • pt. A-B, 2015From: ScienceDirect
    pt. BFrom: ScienceDirect
    edited by Amita Sehgal.
    Two new volumes of Methods in Enzymology continue the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Circadian Rhythms and Biological Clocks Part A and Part B is an exceptional resource for anybody interested in the general area of circadian rhythms. As key elements of timekeeping are conserved in organisms across the phylogenetic tree, and our understanding of circadian biology has benefited tremendously from work done in many species, the volume provides a wide range of assays for different biological systems. Protocols are provided to assess clock function, entrainment of the clock to stimuli such as light and food, and output rhythms of behavior and physiology. This volume also delves into the impact of circadian disruption on human health. Contributions are from leaders in the field who have made major discoveries using the methods presented here.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Peter Igaz, editor.
    MicroRNAs as the endogenous mediators of RNA interference have experienced an unprecedented career in recent years, highlighting their pathogenic, diagnostic and potential therapeutic relevance. Beside tissue microRNAs, they are also found in body fluids, most notably in blood. Significant differences of circulating microRNA levels have been found in various diseases, making them candidates for minimally invasive markers of disease, for example tumor malignancy. The book focuses on the potential diagnostic applicability of circulating microRNAs in various diseases and their potential biological significance.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Peter B. Gahan, editor.
  • 2011From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Kursad Turksen.
    Measuring size-dependent permeability of the tight junction using PEG profiling / Christina M. Van Itallie and James M. Anderson -- Biochemical analysis of claudin-binding compatibility / Christina Ward and Michael Koval -- Electrophysiological Characterization of Claudin Ion Permeability Using Stably Transfected Epithelial Cell Lines / Alan S.L. Yu -- Tight junction, intercellular seal as a cell signaling player : protocols for examination of its status / Makoto Osanai -- Interactions between Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin and claudins / Susan L. Robertson and Bruce A. McClane -- Biophysical methods to probe claudin-mediated adhesion at the cellular and molecular level / Sri Ram Krishna Vedula [and others] -- Detection of tight junction barrier function in vivo by biotin / Lei Ding [and others] -- Coculture method to examine interactions between claudin isoforms in tight junction-free HEK293 cells and tight junction-bearing MDCK II cells / Tetsuichiro Inai -- Claudin-4 : functional studies beyond the tight junction / Holly A. Eckelhoefer [and others] -- Methods to analyze subcellular localization and intracellular trafficking of claudin-1 / P. Jaya Kausalya and Walter Hunziker -- Claudin family proteins in Caenorhabditis elegans / Jeffrey S. Simske and Jeff Hardin -- In vivo imaging of tight junctions using claudin-EGFP transgenic medaka / Tatsuo Miyamoto, Mikio Furuse, and Makoto Furutani-Seiki -- Claudins in a primary cultured puffer fish (Tetraodon nigroviridis) gill epithelium / Phuong Bui and Scott P. Kelly -- Manipulating claudin expression in avian embryos / Michelle M. Collins and Aimee K. Ryan -- Identification of claudins by western blot and immunofluorescence in different cell lines and tissues / Lorenza Gonzalez-Mariscal, Erika Garay, and Miguel Quiros -- Expression and function of claudins in hepatocytes / Takashi Kojima and Norimasa Sawada -- Analysis of changes in the expression pattern of claudins using salivary acinar cells in primary culture / Junko Fujita-Yoshigaki -- Development of biological tools to study claudins in the male reproductive tract / Daniel G. Cyr [and others] -- Using molecular tracers to assess the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier in vivo / Julian A. Guttman -- Laboratory methods in the study of endometrial claudin-4 / Paulo Serafini [and others] -- Role of claudins in oxidant-induced alveolar epithelial barrier dysfunction / Yu Sun, Richard D. Minshall, and Guochang Hu -- Tracing the endocytosis of claudin-5 in brain endothelial cells / Svetlana M. Stamatovic, Richard F. Keep, and Anuska V. Andjelkovic -- Quantitative in situ analysis of claudin expression at the blood-retinal barrier / Heping Xu and Janet Liversidge -- MMP-mediated disruption of claudin-5 in the blood-brain barrier of rat brain after cerebral ischemia / Yi Yang and Gary A. Rosenberg -- Claudin-5 expression in in vitro models of the blood-brain barrier / Itzik Cooper, Katayun Cohen-Kashi-Malina, and Vivian I. Teichberg -- HIV-1-induced alterations of claudin-5 expression at the blood-brain barrier level / Ibolya E. Andras and Michal Toborek -- Enhanced immunohistochemical resolution of claudin proteins in glycolmethacrylate-embedded tissue biopsies / Jane E. Collins [and others] -- Claudin-16/paracellin-1, cloning, expression, and its role in tight junction functions in cancer and endothelial Cells / Tracey A. Martin and Wen G. Jiang -- Dynamics of claudins expression in colitis and colitis-associated cancer in rat / Yoshiaki Arimura, Kanna Nagaishi, and Masayo Hosokawa -- Anti-claudin-4-conjugated highly luminescent nanoparticles as biological labels for pancreatic cancer sensing / Ken-Tye Yong.
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Terry M. Phillips, Heather Kalish.
    Overview of CE in clinical analysis / David S. Hage -- Monitoring of arrays of amino acids in clinical samples using capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection / Petr Tu°ma and Karel Štulík -- Selective determination of sulfates, sulfonates, and phosphates in urine by capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry / Svenja-Catharina Bunz and Christian Neusüss -- Analysis of neurotransmitter amino acids by CE-LIF detection in biological fluids / Angelo Zinellu [and others] -- Expanded newborn screening of inborn errors of metabolism by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS) / Philip Britz-McKibbin -- Development of an on-site measurement system for salivary stress-related substances based on microchip CE / Yoshihide Tanaka and Nahoko Naruishi -- Simultaneous determination of atenolol and amiloride by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C4D) / Khaldun M. AL Azzam and Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein -- Homogeneous immunoassay of thyroxine based on microchip electrophoresis and chemiluminescence detection / Shulin Zhao and Yi-Ming Liu -- High-throughput profiling of the serum n-glycome on capillary electrophoresis microfluidics systems / Dieter Vanderschaeghe, Andras Guttman, and Nico Callewaert -- Screening of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors by microanalysis with fluorescence detection / Xin Hai, Erwin Adams, and Ann Van Schepdael -- ABO genotyping by capillary electrophoresis / James Chun-I Lee [and others] -- Separation of hemoglobin variants by capillary electrophoresis / Frédéric Cotton and Béatrice Gulbis -- Newborn screening for hemoglobinopathies using capillary electrophoresis / P.C. Giordano -- Application of CZE in the differentiation of Staphylococcus aureus strains / Bogusław Buszewski, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz, and Ewelina Dziubakiewicz -- Multiplex and quantitative pathogen detection with high-resolution capillary electrophoresis-based single-strand conformation polymorphism / Hee Sung Hwang [and others] -- Application of CGE to virus identification / Julia A. Fruetel and Victoria A. VanderNoot -- Capillary electrophoresis-based proteomic techniques for biomarker discovery / Xueping Fang, Chenchen Wang, and Cheng S. Lee -- Integrated affinity and electrophoresis systems for multiplexed biomarker analysis / Pamela N. Nge [and others] -- Urinary proteomics based on capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry in kidney disease / Amaya Albalat [and others] -- Immunoaffinity, capillary electrophoresis, and statistics for studying intact alpha 1-acid glycoprotein isoforms as an atherothrombosis biomarker / Angel Puerta [and others] -- Chip-based immunoassays / Akwasi A. Apori and Amy E. Herr -- CE analysis of g-globulin mobility and potential clinical utility / Dieter Vanderschaeghe [and others] -- Cytokine analysis by immunoaffinity capillary electrophoresis / Mark Mendonca and Heather Kalish -- Capillary electrophoresis for the detection of fragile X expanded alleles / Rong Mao, Pinar Bayrak-Toydemir, and Elaine Lyon -- Analysis of microsatellite instability by microfluidic-based electrophoresis / Natalia Elfimova, Wafa Amer, and Margarete Odenthal -- HLA DR-DQ genotyping by capillary electrophoresis for risk assessment for celiac disease / Ewa H. Lavant and Joyce Carlson.
  • 2013From: ClinicalKey
    Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy, Rajeev Srivastava, Robert Cowan, and Denis St. J. O'Reilly.
    The clinical biochemistry laboratory -- The use of the laboratory -- The interpretation of results -- Point of care testing -- Reference intervals -- Fluid and electrolyte balance : Concepts and vocabulary -- Water and sodium balance -- Hyponatraemia : pathophysiology -- Hyponatraemia : assessment and management -- Hypernatraemia -- Hyperkalaemia -- Hypokalaemia -- Intravenous fluid therapy -- Investigation of renal function (1) -- Investigation of renal function (2) -- Urinalysis -- Proteinuria -- Acute renal failure -- Chronic renal failure -- Acid-base : concepts and vocabulary -- Metabolic acid-base disorders -- Respiratory and mixed acid-base disorders -- Oxygen transport -- Acid-base disorders : diagnosis and management -- Proteins and enzymes -- Immunoglobulins -- Myocardial infarction -- Liver function tests -- Jaundice -- Liver disease -- Glucose metabolism and diabetes mellitus -- Diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes mellitus -- Diabetic ketoacidosis -- Hypoglycaemia -- Calcium regulation and hypocalcaemia -- Hypercalcaemia -- Phosphate and magnesium -- Bone disease -- Osteoporosis -- Endocrine control -- Dynamic function tests -- Pituitary function -- Growth disorders and acromegaly -- Thyroid pathophysiology -- Hypothyroidism -- Hyperthyroidism -- Adrenocortical pathophysiology -- Hypofunction of the adrenal cortex -- Hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex -- Gonadal function -- Subfertility -- Nutritional assessment -- Nutritional support -- Parenteral nutrition -- The metabolic response to injury -- Gastrointestinal disorders -- Iron -- Zinc and copper -- Therapeutic drug monitoring -- Toxicology -- Metal poisoning -- Alcohol -- Coma -- Ascites and pleural fluid -- Cerebrospinal and other body fluids -- Lipoprotein metabolism -- Clinical disorders of lipid metabolism -- Hypertension -- Cancer and its consequences -- Tumour markers -- Multiple endocrine neoplasia -- Hyperuricaemia -- Myopathy -- Biochemistry in the elderly -- Fetal monitoring and prenatal diagnosis -- Pregnancy -- Antenatal screening -- Screening the newborn for disease -- Paediatric biochemistry -- Inborn errors of metabolism -- Selected inherited disorders -- Case history comments -- Web resources.
  • 2015From: ClinicalKey
    [edited by] Christie M. Ballantyne.
    Human plasma lipoprotein metabolism -- Regulation and clearance of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins -- Absorption and excretion of intestinal cholesterol and other sterols -- High-density lipoprotein metabolism -- Lipoproteins : mechanisms for atherogenesis and progression of atherothrombotic disease -- Impact of rare and common genetic variants on lipoprotein metabolism -- Lipoprotein oxidation : mechanisms and biotheranostic applications -- Cholesterol : concentration, ratio, and particle number -- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides in coronary heart disease risk assessment -- Lipoprotein(a) -- Clinical evaluation for genetic and secondary causes of dyslipidemia -- Use of high-sensitivity c-reactive protein for risk assessment -- Role of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 in vascular disease -- Emerging assays -- Imaging atherosclerosis for risk stratification by cardiac computed tomography or carotid ultrasound -- Overview of general approach to management of elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and mixed dyslipidemia, high triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol -- Treatment guidelines overview -- Dietary patterns for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease -- Exercise and lipids -- Weight loss -- Statins -- Bile acid sequestrants -- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors -- Niacin (nicotinic acid) -- Fibrates -- Omega-3 fatty acids -- Combination therapy for dyslipidemia -- Nutraceuticals and functional foods for cholesterol reduction -- Evolving targets of therapy : cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition -- Evolving targets of therapy : proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 inhibition -- Evolving targets of therapy : inflammation as a method to predict and prevent cardiovascular events -- Invasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : intravascular ultrasound -- Noninvasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : the role of ultrasound -- Noninvasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : the role of magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography imaging -- Special patient populations : diabetes and metabolic syndrome -- Special patient populations : women and elderly -- Special patient populations : children and adolescents -- Special patient populations : familial hypercholesterolemia and other severe hypercholesterolemias -- Special patient populations : acute coronary syndromes -- Special patient populations : transplant recipients -- Special patient populations : chronic kidney disease -- Special patient populations : lipid abnormalities in high-risk ethnic groups -- Special patient populations : human immunodeficiency virus patients -- Therapeutic targeting of high-density lipoprotein metabolism.
  • edited by Robert H. Glew and Miriam D. Rosenthal.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
  • 2013From: Thieme Book
    Jan Koolman, Klaus-Heinrich Roehm.
    Basics -- Chemistry -- Physical Chemistry -- Biomolecules -- Carbohydrates -- Lipids -- Amino acids -- Peptides and proteins -- Nucleotides and nucleic acids -- Metabolism -- Enzymes -- Metabolic pathways -- Energy metabolism -- Carbohydrate metabolism -- Lipid metabolism -- Protein metabolism -- Nucleotide metabolism -- Porphyrin metabolism -- Cell organelles -- Basics -- Cytoskeleton -- Nucleus -- Mitochondria -- Membranes -- ER and Golgi apparatus -- Lysosomes -- Peroxisomes -- Molecular Genetics -- Overview -- Genome -- Chromatin -- Gennetic code -- Genetic engineering -- Tissues and organs -- Digestive system -- Blood -- Immune system -- Liver -- Adipose tissue -- Kidney -- Muscle -- Connective tissue -- Brain and sensory organs -- Integration of metabolism -- Nutrition -- Nutrients -- Vitamins -- Signaling systems -- Signal transduction -- Hormone systems -- Lipophilic signaling substances -- Hydrophilic signaling substances -- Growth and development -- Appendix.
  • 2006From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Armen M. Boldi.
  • edited by Marcel Florkin, Howard S. Mason.
    Status: Not Checked OutLane Catalog Record
    v. 1. Sources of free energy -- v. 2. Free energy and biological function -- v. 3-5. Constituents of life -- v. 6. Cells and organisms -- v. 7. Supplementary volume. [and Topical subject index, volumes I-VII]
  • From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Victor Ginsburg.
    Also available: Print – 1982
  • 2009From: ScienceDirect
    edited by David A. Hopwood.
    Also available: Print – 2009
  • 2009From: ScienceDirect
    edited by David A. Hopwood.
    Also available: Print – 2009
  • 2015From: CRCnetBASE
    Forbes J. Burkowski.
    Chapter 1. Introduction : macromolecules and chimera -- chapter 2. Accessing and displaying molecular data with chimera -- chapter 3. Algorithms dealing with distance -- chapter 4. Algorithms dealing with angles -- chapter 5. Structure overlap and alignment -- chapter 6. Potential energy functions -- chaper 7. Rotamers and side-chain conformation -- chapter 8. Residue networks.
  • pt. A-B, 2016From: ScienceDirect
    Pt. BFrom: ScienceDirect
    edited by Gregory A. Voth.
  • 2015From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Shi-Jie Chen and Donald H. Burke-Aguero.
    This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers computational prediction RNA structure and dynamics, including such topics as computational modeling of RNA secondary and tertiary structures, riboswitch dynamics, and ion-RNA, ligand-RNA and DNA-RNA interactions.Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers computational methods and applications in RNA structure and dynamics.
  • 2015From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Peng Zhou, Jian Huang,.
    De novo peptide structure prediction : an overview / Pierre Thévenet [and three others] -- Molecular modeling of peptides / Krzysztof Kuczera -- Improved methods for classification, prediction, and design of antimicrobial peptides / Guangshun Wang -- Building MHC class II epitope predictor using machine learning approaches / Loan Ping Eng, Tin Wee Tan, and Joo Chuan Tong -- Brownian dynamics simulation of peptides with the University of Houston Brownian Dynamics (UHBD) program / Tongye Shen and Chung F. Wong -- Computational prediction of short linear motifs from protein sequences / Richard J. Edwards and Nicolas Palopoli -- Peptide toxicity prediction / Sudheer Gupta [and five others] -- Synthetic and structural routes for the rational conversion of peptides into small molecules / Pasqualina Liana Scognamiglio, Giancarlo Morelli, and Daniela Marasco -- In silico design of antimicrobial peptides / Giuseppe Maccari, Mariagrazia Di Luca, and Riccardo Nifosì -- Information-driven modeling of protein-peptide complexes / Mikael Trellet, Adrien S.J. Melquiond, and Alexandre M.J.J. Bonvin -- Computational approaches to developing short cyclic peptide modulators of protein-protein interactions / Fergal J. Duffy, Marc Devocelle, and Denis C. Shields -- A use of homology modeling and molecular docking methods : to explore binding mechanisms of nonylphenol and bisphenol A with antioxidant enzymes / Mannu Jayakanthan [and three others] -- Computational peptide vaccinology / Johannes Söllner -- Computational modeling of peptide-aptamer binding / Kristen L. Rhinehardt, Ram V. Mohan, and Goundla Srinivas.
  • 2012From: Springer
    M. V. K. Karthik, Pratyoosh Shukla.
  • 2014From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Lorenzo Galluzzi and Guido Kroemer.
    Metabolic alterations of cancer cells / Marco Sciacovelli, Edoardo Gaude, Mika Hilvo, and Christian Frezza -- Autophagy and cancer metabolism / Juliet Goldsmith, Beth Levine, and Jayanta Debnath -- Regulation of cancer metabolism by oncogenes and tumor suppressors / Raffaella Iurlaro, Clara Lucía León-Annicchiarico, and Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo -- Cross talk between cell death regulation and metabolism / Simone Fulda -- Techniques to monitor glycolysis / Tara TeSlaa and Michael A. Teitell -- Measurement of enolase activity in cell lysates / Keigo Fukano and Kazuhiro Kimura / Extracellular flux analysis to monitor glycolytic rates and mitochondrial oxygen consumption / Martin Pelletier, Leah K. Billingham, Madhu Ramaswamy, and Richard M. Siegel -- Conventional techniques to monitor mitochondrial oxygen consumption / Hélène Simonnet, Arnaud Vigneron, and Jacques Pouysségur -- Use of safranin for the assessment of mitochondrial membrane potential by high-resolution respirometry and fluorometry / Gerhard Krumschnabel, Andrea Eigentler, Mario Fasching, and Erich Gnaiger -- Kinetic analysis of local oxygenation and respiratory responses of mammalian cells using intracellular oxygen-sensitive probes and time-resolved fluorometry / Alexander V. Zhdanov, Ruslan I. Dmietriev, James Hynes, and Dmitri B. Papkovsky -- Cell-based measurements of mitochondrial function in human subjects / Ju-Gyeong Kang, Ping-yuan Wang, and Paul M. Hwang -- Use of chemical probes to detect mitochondrial ROS by flow cytometry and spectrofluorometry / Jing Chen and Clayton E. Mathews -- Methods to monitor ROS production by fluorescence microscopy and fluorometry / Aleksandra Wojtala, Massimo Bonora, Dominika Malinska, Paolo Pinton, Jerzy Duszynski, and Mariusz R. Wieckowski -- Genetically encoded redox sensor / Wai Kan Chiu, Atif Towheed, and Michael J. Palladino -- Use of genetically encoded sensors to monitor cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio in living cells / Andrei I. Tarasov and Guy A. Rutter -- Methods to monitor and compare mitochondrial and glycolytic ATP production / Simone Patergnani, Federica Baldassari, Elena De Marchi, Agnieszka Karkucinska-Wieckowska, Mariusz R. Wieckowski, and Paolo Pinton -- Measurement of ADP-ATP exchange in relation to mitochondrial transmembrane potential and oxygen consumption / Christos Chinopoulos, Gergely Kiss, Hibiki Kawamata, and Anatoly A. Starkov -- Real-time assessment of the metabolic profile of living cells with genetically encoded NADH sensors / Yuzheng Zhao, Yi Yang, and Joseph Loscalzo -- 13C isotope-assisted methods for quantifying glutamine metabolism in cancer cells / Jie Zhang, Woo Suk Ahn, Paulo A. Gameiro, Mark A. Keibler, Zhe Zhang, and Gregory Stephanopoulos -- Measurement of fatty acid oxidation rates in animal tissues and cell lines / Frank K. Huynh, Michelle F. Green, Timothy R. Koves, and Matthew D. Hirschey -- Methods to assess lipid accumulation in cancer cells / Jørgen Sikkeland, Yang Jin, and Fahri Saatcioglu -- Analysis of hypoxia-induced metabolic preprogramming / Chendong Yang, Lei Jiang, Huafeng Zhang, Larissa A. Shimoda, Ralph J. Bernardinis, and Gregg L. Semenza.
  • 2010From: Springer
    edited by Marcus Groettrup.
    To cope with the steadily growing body of knowledge and for organizational reasons the articles in this book are focussed on the modifiers ubiquitin, SUMO1/2/3, NED 8, ISG15 and FAT10 but it should be at least mentioned here that enzymes involved in conjugation and deconjugation of URM1, UFM1, ATG8 and ATG12 have been reported and continue to be investigated.
  • pt. A-B, 2010.From: ScienceDirect
    pt. BFrom: ScienceDirect
    edited by P. Michael Conn.
    Also available: Print – pt. A-B, 2010.
  • Greg Maness Allen.
    The actin-based crawling motility of eukaryotic cells is a vital example of emergent cellular behavior arising from the mechanical output of thousands to millions of individual chemical reactions occurring every second. In this work, I describe a set of experimental and analytical results that seek to reveal the underlying organization and operations of this micron sized biological machine. We found that the morphology of crawling cells is quantitatively dictated by the cytoskeletal elements that produce motility. Each cell is unique in its organization and behavior, and across a population of cells this variation could largely be reduced to a single dimension. Globally perturbing the biochemical reaction rates that drive motility with changes in temperature forced individual cells out of their steady state behavior along this same single dimension of variation. In addition individual cells fluctuated harmonically around their steady state behavior, suggesting a mechanical oscillator arising from the coupling of the processes of actin meshwork assembly and disassembly. Flickers of elevated intracellular concentration of the canonical secondary messenger calcium were seen, but these calcium flickers were not required for cell motion nor were they correlated with any measured change in cell behavior. The orientation of motion, similar to the rate of motion, is directly coupled to the cytoskeletal organization and cellular shape. To change their direction of migration, cells develop asymmetries in the interwoven actions of myosin contractility and adhesion to the substrate at the rear of the cell creating asymmetric centripetal actin flow. This system of controlling orientation was responsive to external cues from electric fields secondary to electrophoretic redistribution of charged membrane components extending into the extracellular space.
  • 2013From: Wiley
    edited by Takafumi Ueno, Yoshihito Watanabe.
    pt. I. Coordination chemistry in native protein cages -- pt. II. Design of metalloprotein cages -- pt. III. Coordination chemistry of protein assembly cages -- pt. IV. Applications in biology -- pt. V. Applications in nanotechnology -- pt. VI. Coordination chemistry inspired by protein cages.
  • 2009From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Giovanni Floris, Bruno Mondovì.
    History / Franca Buffoni -- Nomenclature and potential functions of copper amine oxidases / Sinéad Boyce ... [et al.] -- Cofactors of amine oxidases : copper ion and its substitution and the 2,4,5-trihydroxylphenylalanine quinone / Shinnichiro Suzuki ... [et al.] -- Copper amine oxidases from plants / Rosaria Medda ... [et al.] -- Soluble copper amine oxidases from mammals / Paola Pietrangeli ... [et al.] -- Membrane-bound copper amine oxidases / Andrew Holt -- Copper amine oxidase genes / Ivo Frébort and Hubert G. Schwelberger -- Mechanism of TPQ biogenesis in prokaryotic copper amine oxidase / Toshihide Okajima and Katsuyuki Tanizawa -- Copper amine oxidase crystal structures / J. Mitchell Guss, Giuseppe Zanotti, and Tiina A. Salminen -- Plasma amine oxidases in various clinical conditions and in apoptosis / Frans Boomsma, Anton H. van den Meiracker, and Antonio Toninello -- Copper amine oxidases in intestinal diseases / Wieslawa Agnieszka Fogel, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska, and Anna Stasiak -- Copper amine oxidases in adipose tissue-related disorders / Christian Carpéné -- Copper amine oxidases in adhesion molecules in renal pathology and in Alzheimer's disease and VAP-1 in leukocyte migration / Peter Boor ... [et al.] -- Inhibitors of copper amine oxidases : past, present, and future / Marek Šebela and Lawrence M. Sayre -- Pharmacological applications of copper amine oxidases / Emanuela Masini and Laura Raimondi -- Copper amine oxidases as antioxidant and cardioprotective agents / Mircea Alexandru Mateescu and Réginald Nadeau -- Biotechnological aspects of copper amine oxidases / Roberto Stevanato -- Concluding remarks / David M. Dooley.
  • 2008From: Springer
    edited by Christoph S. Clemen, Ludwig Eichinger, Vasily Rybakin.
    Phylogenetic, structural, and functional relationships between WD and kelch repeat proteins / Andrew M. Hudson and Lynn Cooley -- Diversity of WD repeat proteins / Temple F. Smith -- A brief history of the coronin family / Eugenio L. de Hostos -- Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the coronin gene family / Reginald O. Morgan and M. Pilar Fernandez -- Coronin structure and implications / Bernadette McArdle and Andreas Hofmann -- Coronin : the double-edged sword of actin dynamics / Meghal Gandhi and Bruce L. Goode -- Invertebrate coronins / Maria C. Shina and Angelika A. Noegel -- Evolutionary and functional diversity of coronin proteins / Charles Peter Xavier ... [et al.] -- Role of mammalian coronin 7 in the biosynthetic pathway / Vasily Rybaki -- Coronin 1 in innate immunity / Jean Pieters -- The role of mammalian coronins in development and disease / David W. Roadcap, Christoph S. Clemen, and James E. Bear.
  • Alexander Fraser Lovejoy.
    While the presence of modified nucleotides in cellular RNA has been known about for over 60 years, it is only recently that such nucleotides have become studied and mapped in mRNAs. With recent transcriptome-wide maps of N6-methyladenosine and 5-methylcytosine showing widespread mRNA modification and evolutionary conservation of many sites, it is clear that site-specific mRNA modification may represent a new level of post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. With this in mind, we set out to map other mRNA modifications to begin to get an idea of the role they may play in gene expression. We developed a high-throughput sequencing technique that identified the first known pseudouridines in mRNA. We were able to identify the enzymes that modified a few of the top hits, as well as show that modification of at least one of the top sites is conserved throughout the fungal lineage. We have made progress toward developing an improved high-throughput sequencing technique, which could allow elucidation of a transcriptome-wide map of pseudouridines. Adapting the same technique as was used to identify mRNA pseudouridylation, we also found a few dozen possible 2'-O-methylation sites in mRNA with an interesting functional theme, though these potential modifications still need to be validated. In addition, we attempted to map and find a functional role for N6-methyladenosines in yeast undergoing meiosis, and while this failed, it led to our discovery of a target set of bound mRNAs and role in gene expression of a meiosis-specific RNA binding protein, Rim4p. The work described in this thesis identifies the third known internal, site-specific modified nucleotide in mRNA, suggesting that mRNA modifications may be more common than previously thought and may play an important, under-explored role in post-transcriptional control of gene expression.
  • 2007From: Springer
    edited by Gajja S. Salomons and Markus Wyss.
  • 2010-From: Wiley
    editorial board, Adam Arkin ... [et al.].
    Current Protocols in Chemical Biology provides validated protocols and overviews about specialized chemical techniques and tools for studies of biology and drug design. These tools include small-molecule design, synthesis, derivatization, handling, and detection as well as advances in laboratory automation, robotics, and medicinal chemistry as applied to high-throughput screening (HTS). Methods for modification of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids for their use as tools in the study of particular biological systems are also included
  • 2002-From: Wiley
    editorial board, Serge L. Beaucage ... [et al.].
  • 2001-From: Wiley
    editorial board, S.J. Enna (editor-in-chief) ... [et al.].
  • [1995]-From: Wiley
    editorial board, John E. Coligan ... [et al.].
    Also available: Print – 1995-2005.
  • 2008From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Samir S. Ayoub, Roderick J. Flower, Michael P. Seed.
    Part I. In vitro protocols for studying expression and activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes and characterisation of their inhibition patterns -- 1. In vitro cyclo-oxygenase expression and activity protocols : introduction to Part I / Roderick J. Flower -- 2. Techniques used to study regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 promoter sites / Hiroyasu Inoue and Rieko Nakata -- 3. Purification of recombinant human COX-1 and COX-2 / James K. Gierse -- 4. Cloning and expression of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 / Nicholas R. Staten and Beverly A. Reitz -- 5. Expression of cyclooxygenase isoforms in the baculovirus expression system / John C. Hunter, Natalie M. Myres, and Daniel L. Simmons -- 6. Peroxidase active site activity assay / Kelsey C. Duggan, Joel Musee, and Lawrence J. Marnett -- 7. Study of inhibitors of the PGH synthases for which potency Is regulated by the redox state of the enzymes / Olivier Boutaud and John A. Oates -- 8. Different methods for testing potential cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors / Stefan Laufer and Sabine Luik -- 9. In vitro cyclooxygenase activity assay in tissue homogenates / Samir S. Ayoub -- 10. Techniques used to characterize the binding of cyclooxygenase Inhibitors to the cyclooxygenase active site / William F. Hood -- 11. In vitro Assays for cyclooxygenase activity and inhibitor characterization / Mark C. Walker and James K. Gierse -- -- Part II. Extraction and measurement of prostanoids and isoprostanes -- 12. Extraction and measurement of prostanoids and isoprostanes : introduction to Part II / Paola Patrignani -- 13. Prostanoid extraction and measurement / Lorenzo Polenzani and Samir S. Ayoub -- 14. Measurement of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a in biological fluids as a measure of lipid peroxidation / Stefania Tacconelli, Marta L. Capone, and Paola Patrignani -- -- Part III. In vivo models to study involvement of cyclooxygenase products in health and disease -- 15. In vivo models to study cyclooxygenase products in health and disease: introduction to Part III / Derek W. Gilroy, Melanie Stables, and Justine Newson -- 16. Protocols to assess the gastrointestinal side effects resulting from inhibition of Cyclo-Oxygenase isoforms / Brendan J.R. Whittle -- 17. Cyclooxygenase enzymes and their products in the carrageenan-induced pleurisy in rats / Adrian R. Moore, Samir S. Ayoub, and Michael P. Seed -- 18. Iloprost-induced nociception : determination of the site of anti-nociceptive action of cyclooxygenase inhibitors and the Involvement of cyclooxygenase products in central mechanisms of nociception / Samir S. Ayoub and Regina M. Botting.
  • 2015From: Springer
    Paul R. Ortiz de Montellano, editor.
    This authoritative Fourth Edition summarizes the advances of the past decade concerning the structure, mechanism, and biochemistry of cytochrome P450 enzymes, with sufficient coverage of earlier work to make each chapter a comprehensive review of the field. Thirteen chapters are divided into two detailed volumes, the first covering the fundamentals of cytochrome P450 biochemistry, as well as the microbial, plant, and insect systems, and the second exclusively focusing on mammalian systems. Volume 1 begins with an exploration of the biophysics and mechanistic enzymology of cytochrome P450 enzymes, with a discussion of the structures of P450 enzymes and their electron donor partners, the mechanisms of oxygen activation and substrate oxidation, and the approaches and nature of cytochrome P450 inhibition. Two more chapters discuss the nature and roles of cytochrome P450 enzymes in microbes, plants and insects, and an eighth chapter is a survey of the potential utility of P450 enzymes in biotechnology. The first chapter of Volume 2 examines the roles of P450 enzymes in mammals, mainly humans. Four further chapters then deal with the genetic and hormonal regulation of P450 enzymes and their specific roles in the processing of sterols and lipids. Cytochrome P450: Structure, Mechanism, and Biochemistry is a key resource for scientists, professors, and students interested in fields as diverse as biochemistry, chemistry, biophysics, molecular biology, pharmacology and toxicology.
  • 2014From: Springer
    Aparajita Dey, editor.
    The book deals with various clinical aspects of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) which is a potent source for oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is critical for pathogenesis of diseases and CYP2E1 is a major contributor for oxidative stress. Several clinical disorders are associated with changes in regulation of CYP2E1 and the consequent abnormalities which include alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic pancreatitis, carcinogenesis, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, obesity, hepatitis C virus infection, reproductive organ toxicity, hepatocellular and cholestatic liver cirrhosis, inhibition of bone repair, cross-tolerance in smokers and people treated with nicotine, disorders of central nervous system, changes in metabolism of protoxicants in the circulatory system and susceptibility to human papillomavirus infection. Hence, CYP2E1 emerges as a new and potent player in aggravating injury and furthering disease complications.
  • 2002From: ScienceDirect
    edited by Eric F. Johnson, Michael R. Waterman.
    Also available: Print – 2002
  • 2013From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Ian R. Phillips, Elizabeth A. Shephard, Paul R. Ortiz de Montellano.
    This volume provides a wide range of techniques accessible to researchers in biochemistry, molecular biology, pharmacology, toxicology, environmental biology and genetics. It features step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols and notes on troubleshooting.
  • 2011From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Michael Hamacher, Martin Eisenacher and Christian Stephan.
    Instruments and methods in proteomics -- In-depth protein characterization by mass spectrometry -- Analysis of phosphoproteomics data -- The origin and early reception of sequence databases -- Laboratory data and sample management for proteomics -- PRIDE and "Database on demand" As valuable tools for computational proteomics -- Analysing proteomics identifications in the context of functional and structural protein annotation: Integrating annotation using PICR, DAS, and BioMart -- Tranche distributed repository and proteomecommons.Org -- Data standardization by the HUPO-PSI: How has the community benefitted? -- mzIdentML: An open community-built standard format for the results of proteomics spectrum identification algorithms -- Spectra, chromatograms, metadata: mzML-the standard data format for mass spectrometer output -- imzML: Imaging mass spectrometry markup language: A common data format for mass spectrometry imaging -- Tandem mass spectrometry spectral libraries and library searching -- Inter-lab proteomics: Data mining in collaborative projects on the basis of the HUPO brain proteome project's pilot studies -- Data management and data integration in the HUPO plasma proteome project -- Statistics in experimental design, preprocessing, and analysis of proteomics data -- The evolution of protein interaction networks -- Cytoscape: Software for visualization and analysis of biological networks -- Text mining for systems modeling -- Identification of alternatively spliced transcripts using a proteomic informatics approach -- Distributions of ion series in ETD and CID spectra: Making a comparison -- Evaluation of peak-picking algorithms for protein mass spectrometry -- OpenMS and TOPP: Open source software for LC-MS data analysis -- LC/MS data processing for label-free quantitative analysis -- Spectral properties of correlation matrices - towards enhanced spectral clustering -- Standards, databases, and modeling tools in systems biology -- Modeling of cellular processes: Methods, data, and requirements.
  • Karen Lynn Havenstrite.
    The ultimate goal of regenerative medicine is to repair tissues damaged by aging, injury or disease. Tissue-specific adult stem cells constitute a reservoir of cells in postnatal tissue that have the remarkable capacity to proliferate and repair tissue damage because they can both self-renew, or produce more stem cells, and differentiate into mature cells. Adult stem cells have been identified in a variety of tissues, including blood, brain, skin, intestine, and muscle and methods exist to prospectively isolate these populations by flow cytometry. Upon transplantation, they possess an extraordinary ability to contribute extensively to tissue regeneration. Notably, adult stem cells are a relatively rare cell population and methods to propagate and expand these cell types in culture without loss of regenerative capacity are lacking, a hurdle to their clinical use. In vivo, stem cells reside in an instructive microenvironment, or niche, which serves to regulate fate decisions, including quiescence, self-renewal, and differentiation. Given the complexity of their native environment, it is not surprising that upon removal from their niche they rapidly lose regenerative capacity. While the role of biochemical signals in regulating stem cell fate and function has been widely explored, the effects of biophysical signals have not been discerned. To elucidate the role of matrix elasticity in regulating adult stem cell fate, we first design a biomimetic hydrogel culture platform to mimic tissue elasticity and physiologic presentation of biochemical cues. Adapting a previously described conjugate addition reaction, poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogel substrates are fabricated which have a Young's modulus that is tunable in the physiologic range (1-50kPa). Gels are designed to have limited post-polymerization swelling to enable constant density of tethered biological ligands. Utilizing this tunable hydrogel culture platform, we provide the first definitive evidence that matrix elasticity regulates adult stem cell self-renewal in culture. Using a combination of culture studies and in vivo functional assays in mice, we demonstrate that substrate rigidity profoundly impacts the self-renewal potential of tissue-specific adult stem cells isolated from skeletal muscle and bone marrow. In contrast with rigid tissue culture plastic in which regenerative potential is lost, we demonstrate that culture on a pliant hydrogel substrate maintains the 'stemness' of muscle stem cells (MuSCs) and hematopoetic stem cells (HSCs). Further, we describe a novel in vivo screen and identify an extracellular matrix molecule which, in conjunction with soft hydrogel, has a previously unrecognized role in regulating HSC fate. These studies demonstrate that recapitulating tissue rigidity, a key component of the in vivo microenvironment, enables propagation of functional adult stem cells in culture for the first time. We expect these experimental approaches will be broadly applicable to other adult stem cell types and ultimately will profoundly impact regenerative medicine by enabling generation of functional stem cell populations for use in clinical cell-based therapies.
  • Heather Jean Clemons.
    Adipose tissue is found in diverse depots throughout the human body. The diversity of physiological specialization of these fat depots is reflected in the diverse depot-specific alterations seen in lipodystrophies and links between specific patterns of fat distribution and susceptibility to diseases, including Type II Diabetes and coronary artery disease. Previous studies, although focused on only 2 major fat depots (omental and abdominal subcutaneous), have identified numerous differences in metabolic, endocrine and developmental programs. We carried out a more extensive and higher resolution investigation of the anatomic specialization of white adipose tissue, based on 59 samples collected from 7 anatomically diverse fat depots, from 56 individuals. Using DNA microarrays we measured relative abundance of ~25,000 distinct mRNAs in each adipose tissue sample and in adipocytes and stromal-vascular cells isolated from each sample, and compared their gene expression patterns with ~120 samples representing diverse non-adipose tissues. Adipocytes from different regions of the body displayed distinct gene expression profiles. Characteristic patterns of expression of HOX genes distinguished adipocyte samples by site of origin; these patterns were recapitulated when adipocyte precursors from each site were cultured and differentiated ex vivo, suggesting that these genes may have a role in programming and/or maintaining depot-specific differentiation of adipocytes. Expression in adipocytes of 300 genes with major roles in energy metabolism showed both depot-dependent and inter-individual variation. Some of the patterns suggested important differences among anatomic depots in metabolic roles. For example, a set of genes involved in lipid uptake and storage and hormone-regulated lipolysis were generally most highly expressed in breast, pericolonic and omental adipocytes whereas genes involved in glycogen metabolism and de novo fatty acid synthesis were generally most highly expressed in breast and abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes, suggesting that these depots play a role as glucose buffers. Dozens of genes known or predicted to encode secreted molecular signals were highly expressed in adipocytes compared to either adipose stromal-vascular cells or other organs; many of these were differentially expressed among adipocyte depots. Some of these genes appear to be good candidates for encoding novel adipokines. In summary, we found extensive variation among adipose depots, as well as inter-individual variation, in global gene expression. Differences in genes linked to development, metabolism and cell-cell communication suggest new hypotheses relevant to depot-specific and general aspects of adipocyte biology.
  • Erika Isabella Geihe Stanzl.
    My graduate studies have focused on the development of novel drug delivery technologies of research, clinical, and industrial significance. More specifically, my research has focused on the design, synthesis, and application of guanidinium-rich molecular transporters for the delivery of siRNA into cells. My studies have also focused on using molecular transporters to develop the first molecular method to deliver cargo into algae, and on the development of new strategies to control the timing and amount of drug or probe release in cells. Though all of this research is fundamentally based on organic chemistry, these projects have broad applications in research, industrial and clinical settings. Chapter 1 reviews the strategies that have been developed for the delivery of siRNA in both cells and animals. Rather than divide the field by chemical type (e.g. peptide vs. protein) or disease indication, this review categorizes siRNA deliver agents by the identity of their cationic moiety for siRNA complexation. Guanidinium-containing delivery vectors are presented, as are vectors containing ammonium and phosphonium groups. Highlighting this field by cationic moiety reveals how little research has been done to compare the effects of the cation's identity on deliver efficacy, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics. Chapter 2 describes the design, synthesis, and evaluation of guanidinium-rich amphipathic oligocarbonate molecular transporters for the complexation, delivery, and release of siRNA in cells. The synthetic ease of the metal-free carbonate oligomerization to synthesize these transporters afforded fast access to a series of transporters that systematically probed the functionality required for effective complexation, delivery, and release of siRNA. Transporters were characterized and evaluated for biological activity in immortalized human keratinocytes. The transporters discovered in this study were highly effective, with target gene silencing of up to 90% observed. Chapter 3 focuses on efforts towards expanding the scope of both the chemical space and cell types tested in the delivery of siRNA with amphipathic oligocarbonate molecular transporters. These second generation delivery systems have improved physical properties, including smaller and more stable particle sizes, relative to their first generation counterparts described in Chapter 2. These transporters delivered siRNA to primary keratinocytes, melanoma cells, and ovarian cancer cells. Chapter 4 details the development of the first molecular method for the delivery of small molecule probes and large protein cargos into algal cells. It was shown that oligoarginine could facilitate the uptake of fluorescein, or the larger, FAM-streptavidin protein, into cells. A catalytically active protein was delivered into cells and was shown to maintain catalytic activity even after delivery. Chapter 5 describes the design of new strategies to control the timing and amount of cargo released inside cells. Efforts towards a novel linker carrying two copies of drug or probe are described, as well as the combination of microneedles and luciferin-transporter conjugates for transdermal delivery in vivo.
  • Lewis A. Marshall.
    Purified DNA serves as a template for a wide array of analysis techniques, ranging from sequencing to PCR and hybridization assays. DNA analysis can be used for clinical diagnosis, for forensic investigation, and for a range of research purposes. These analysis techniques improve each year, but they are all constrained by the availability of purified DNA. DNA is typically derived from raw biological samples that contain a host of other molecular species, including proteins, lipids and metal ions. These species can inhibit analysis of the DNA, so purification of DNA from complex sample matrices is a necessary precursor to analysis. Typically, DNA purification is performed using either liquid-liquid extraction or solid-phase extraction, both of which require manual labor, involve toxic chemicals, and are difficult to miniaturize. Isotachophoresis (ITP) is an alternative method for DNA purification that does not rely on specialized surface chemistry or toxic chemical species. Instead, ITP uses electric fields to selectively pre-concentrate DNA from a raw sample, and simultaneously separate it from inhibiting species. ITP purification of DNA has been demonstrated from human serum, plasma, and whole blood, and the same technique has been used to purify RNA from bacteria in human blood and urine. Until recently, the parameters governing extraction efficiency, throughput, and separation quality in ITP purification were not well established. This thesis is focused on rational analysis for designing and optimizing ITP systems for rapid, high quality DNA purification.
  • 2015From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Biji T. Kurien, R. Hal Scofield.
    Western blotting : origin and ascent of the species / W. Neal Burnette -- Methods to concentrate proteins for protein isolation, proteomic, and peptidomic evaluation / J. P. Dean Goldring -- Measuring protein concentration on nitrocellulose and after the electrophoretic transfer of protein to nitrocellulose / J. P. Dean Goldring -- Detection of blotted proteins : not all blockers are created equal / Vishal Kothari and Suresh T. Mathews -- Protein stains to detect antigen on membranes / Anil Dsouza and R. Hal Scofield -- Fluorescent labeling of proteins and its application to SDS-PAGE and Western blotting / F. Javier Alba, Salvador Bartolomé, Antonio Bermúdez, and Joan-Ramon Daban -- Rapid, antibody-free detection of recombinant proteins on blots using enzyme fragment complementation / Neil W. Charter, Joe Horecka Chin-Yee Loh, Albert Doan, Tom Wehrman, and Keith R. Olson -- Use of nonradioactive detection method for north and South-Western blot / Claudia Franke, Daniel Gräfe, Holger Bartsch, and Michael P. Bachmann -- Immunoblotting using radiolabeled reagents for detection / Holger Bartsch, Claudia Franke, and Michael P. Bachmann -- Immunoblotting of antigens : whole, strip, and new-line nitrocellulose membrane immunoblotting using the chemiluminescence technique / Yaser Dorri -- Detection of protein carbonyls by means of biotin hydrazide-streptavidin affinity methods / Kenneth Hensley -- Direct immunodetection of antigens within the precast polyacrylamide gel / Surbhi Desai, Boguslawa R. Dworecki, and Marie C. Nlend -- Quantitative analysis of signal transduction with in-cell Western immunofluorescence assays / Vince Boveia and Amy Schutz-Geschwender -- Ultrasensitive protein detection on dot blots and Western blots with semiconducting polymer dots / Fangmao Ye, Polina B. Smith, and Daniel T. Chiu -- Co-detection of target and total protein by CyDye labeling and fluorescent ECL plex immunoblotting in a standard proteomics workflow / Caitriona Scaife, Ciara A. McManus, Pamela M. Donoghue, and Michael J. Dunn -- Using biotinylated proteins to demonstrate immunodetection of antigens via Western blotting, dot blots, and immunohistochemistry / Thomas Millar, Ronald Knighton, and Jo-Anne Chuck -- Calcium binding by Ro 60 multiple antigenic peptides on PVDF membrane / Biji T. Kurien and Michael P. Bachmann -- Sequential use of immunoblots for characterization of autoantibody specificities / Holger Bartsch and Michael P. Bachmann -- Nanogold immunodetection detection systems for the identification of autoantigens by Western blotting / Jacen S. Moore and R. Hal Scofield -- Application of intermittent microwave irradiation to Western blot analysis / Yu-Ting Liu and Shinya Toyokuni -- Visualization of unstained protein bands on PVDF / Jun Park, Masaharu Mabuchi, and Ajay Sharma -- Multiplexed fluorescent immunodetection using low autofluorescence Immobilon®-FL membrane / Jun Park, Masaharu Mabuchi, and Ajay Sharma -- Cold microwave-enabled protein detection and quantification / Niels Grützner, Romy M. Heilmann, Aaron G. Smith, Carol B. Johnson, Stanislav Vitha, Jörg M. Steiner, and Andreas K. Holzenburg -- TLC-blot (Far-Eastern blot) and its application to functional lipidomics / Takao Taki -- Analysis of electroblotted proteins by mass spectrometry / Jose L. Luque-Garcia and Thomas A. Neubert -- On-membrane renaturation of recombinant Ro60 autoantigen by calcium ions / Biji T. Kurien and Michael P. Bachmann -- Phosphoprotein detection on protein electroblot using a phosphate-specific fluorophore / Lee Broderick Bockus and R. Hal Scofield -- Purification of tryptic digests on polyvinylidene difluoride membrane / Biji T. Kurien and R. Hal Scofield -- Detection of blotted proteins on nitrocellulose/PVDF membranes by Alta / Jayanta K. Pal, Shilpa J. Rao, and Dhanashri J. Godbole -- Nonstripping "rainbow" and multiple antigen detection (MAD) Western blotting / Stan (Stanislaw) Krajewski, Michelle M. Tsukamoto, Xianshu Huang, and Sebastian B. Krajewski -- Supported molecular matrix electrophoresis / Yu-ki Matsuno and Akihiko Kameyama -- Parafilm-M®, an available cost-effective alternative for immuno-blot pouches / Syed M. S. Quadri -- Succinylation-alcian blue staining of mucins on polyvinylidene difluoride membranes / Akihiko Kameyama, Weijie Dong, and Yu-ki Matsuno -- Comparison of chemiluminescence vs. infrared techniques for detection of fetuin-A in saliva / Suresh T. Mathews, Emily Graff, Robert L. Judd, and Vishal Kothari -- A novel methodology for stripping and reprobing of Western blots originally developed with colorimetric substrate TMB / Parmita Kar, Saurabh Kumar Agnihotri, Archana Sharma, Rekha Sachan, Madan Lal Bhatt, and Monika Sachdev -- Other notable methods of membrane protein detection : a brief review / Biji T. Kurien and R. Hal Scofield -- Nitrocellulose membrane : the new canvas / Jasmin R. Kurien and Bianca A. Kurien -- Invisible ink marking in ECL membrane assays / Biji T. Kurien.
  • 2011From: CRCnetBASE
    Roger L. Lundblad.
    "A comprehensive assessment of biomarkers, this book covers the history and current status of the application of biomarkers in diagnostics and prognostics. It explores the technology used for the study of biomarkers, and the validation of biomarkers including a comparison of the various technologies used to identify and measure biomarkers. The editors emphasize the technology underlying biomarkers and the translation of basic science to clinical laboratory technology, including the commercial development of biomarkers. The book also covers proteomics and proteomic technologies and their applications in the identification of biomarkers"--Provided by publisher.
  • Ryan Ward Streble Peacock.
    Studying the effects of gene expression in biological systems has traditionally been undertaken by measuring phenotypic response at a limited number of expression levels. Typically the effects of gene expression are assayed at a high level of overexpression and compared to physiological levels of expression; however, many examples exist in which the level of gene expression greatly affects the resulting cellular phenotypes. Of particular interest for our purposes is the interplay between oncogenes in driving tumorigenesis and cancer progression. For example, oncogene H-Ras is capable of both enhancing cellular proliferation at intermediate levels expression levels (doses) and causing cell cycle arrest and senescence at high expression levels. In order to more thoroughly investigate such behavior we have created a set of tools for measuring dose-dependent effects of gene expression. These tools consist of promoter library to drive wide range gene expression, single-cell proliferation measurements, and data analysis methods to calculate correlation curves between gene expression level and phenotype response. The system is designed for cell-by-cell measuring of both expression level and phenotype response by flow cytometry. This approach allows for full dose experiments to be performed in a single heterogeneous culture with individual cells accessing different expression levels for a given phenotype. Because we are interested in studying the cell biology and genetics of tumor cells, measuring the phenotype of proliferation rate was of particular interest. To aid in further investigation of proliferation rate response to gene overexpression a genetic proliferation reporter was developed. This reporter utilizes the cell cycle-dependent activity of the E2F class of transcription factors, which are active during the G1/S transition. The highly stable fluorescent proteins EGFP and mCherry are expressed from both an E2F-responsive and constitutive promoter, respectively. The ratio of fluorescence levels correlates to proliferation rate in a variety of cell lines, matching predictions made initially by computational model. Finally, given a culture containing expression of a gene or combination of genes by the promoter library and phenotype measurement, the data collected from those cells must be analyzed to determine a correlation curve representing the dose response of the phenotype to level of expression of the genes of interest. In order to calculate this curve from the flow cytometry data several empirical analysis methods were evaluated. We determined the locally weighted scatter plot smoothing (LOWESS) curve fitting method to be best for our purposes of fitting the dose-response curves. As the LOWESS fits of flow cytometry data represented a technical hurdle to performing the dose-response experiments a custom software package was created to allow for easy implementation of the constitutive promoter library for studying dose-dependent behavior. The result is a set of biological and computational tools that allow for high throughput evaluation of gene dose effects. Further effort has been undertaken to move the system to evaluate multiple genes simultaneously, with the ultimate goal of being able to measure genetic cooperation.
  • Raphael Marcel Franzini.
    Templated fluorescence activation is an elegant nucleic acid detection technique, which relies on a target-activated chemical reaction between two oligonucleotide probes, eliciting a fluorescence readout. This method reports on genetic markers in solution phase and in cells. The research described in this thesis was aimed to expand the reaction scope of templated fluorescence activation and to develop probes, which overcome shortcomings of previous designs. Examples of DNA template-mediated fluorogenic reactions developed during this project include an organomercury-induced cyclization of Rhodamine thiosemicarbazide and the deprotection of a 7-azidomethoxycoumarin profluorophore by a Staudinger reaction. The most promising probe design (Q-STAR probes) is based on the reductive cleavage of an [alpha]-azidoether quencher release linker conjugated to a fluorophored-labeled DNA. A triphenylphosphine DNA-probe rapidly activates Q-STAR probes in the presence of the matched DNA target strand, reporting its presence by a strong fluorescence turn-on signal. Q-STAR probes are inert to aqueous conditions and cellular components, properties that were suboptimal for previous probe designs. Q-STAR probes report the target with single nucleotide specificity and enable an amplified detection signal by harnessing the target as a catalyst for the templated reaction. Q-STAR probes efficiently detect the presence of rRNAs in bacteria and mammalian cells. The probes are responsive to single nucleotide differences, which allows discriminating bacteria species by genetic variations using fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. Similarly, rRNAs in mammalian cells generate a strong fluorescence turn-on signal for Q-STAR probes. Templated fluorescence activation schemes bear considerable promise for applications in clinical diagnostics and molecular biology. The probe designs described in this thesis, in particular Q-STAR probes, constitute a major advancement in the field and will help achieve these goals.
  • 2014From: ClinicalKey
    David J. Dabbs, editor.
    Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry presents the latest information and most reliable guidance on immunohistological diagnoses in surgical pathology. David J. Dabbs, MD and other leading experts bring you state-of-the-art coverage on genomic and theranostic applications, molecular anatomic pathology, immunocytology, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and more. Additional features such as tables discussing antibody specifications, differential diagnosis boxes, ancillary anatomic molecular diagnostics, and full-color histological images ensure user-friendly coverage that makes key information easy to find and apply. The fully searchable text is also available online at, along with a downloadable image bank and access to Path Consult. This concise and complete resource is today's indispensable guide to the effective use of immunohistochemical diagnosis. Discusses diagnostic pitfalls through immunohistologic differential diagnosis wherever appropriate so you can provide the most accurate diagnoses. Presents chapters arranged by organ system for comprehensive coverage of all relevant information in a convenient and intuitive organization. Provides quick reference graphs for antibodies throughout the text that illustrate the frequency of immunostaining for a variety of antibodies in tumors. Includes Key Diagnostic Points boxes in every chapter for a quick summary of text areas that are of particular importance. Features an expert author for each chapter to ensure coverage of the current state of the art.
  • From: Knovel
    J. Stenesh.
    Also available: Print – 1989
  • 2012From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Rainer Cramer, Reiner Westermeier.
    Part I Fundamentals -- DIGE : past and future / Jonathan S. Minden -- Basics of 2D DIGE / Phil Beckett -- Multifluorescence 2D gel imaging and image analysis / Ingo Vormbrock, Sonja Hartwig, and Stefan Lehr -- Assessing signal-to-noise in quantitative proteomics : multivariate statistical analysis in DIGE experiments / David B. Friedman -- Analysis of proteins using DIGE and MALDI mass spectrometry / Witold M. Winnik [and others] -- Synthesis and validation of cyanine-based dyes for DIGE / Michael E. Jung [and others] -- Part II Methods -- 2D DIGE saturation labeling for minute sample amounts / Georg J. Arnold and Thomas Frohlich -- Proteomic analysis of redox-dependent changes using cysteine-labeling 2D DIGE / Hong-Lin Chan, John Sinclair, and John F. Timms -- Analysis of protein posttranslational modifications using DIGE-based proteomics / Robert M. DeKroon [and others] -- Comparative analyses of protein complexes by blue native DIGE / Katrin Peters and Hans-Peter Braun -- 2D DIGE analysis of protein extracts from muscle tissue / Cecilia Gelfi and Sara De Palma -- Combination of highly efficient hexapeptide ligand library-based sample preparation with 2D DIGE for the analysis of the hidden human serum/plasma proteome / Sonja Hartwig and Stefan Lehr -- 2D DIGE analysis of serum after fractionation by proteominertm beads / Cynthia Liang, Gek San Tan, and Maxey C.M. Chung -- Study design in DIGE-based biomarker discovery / Alexandra Graf and Rudolf Oehler -- Comparative 2D DIGE analysis of the depleted serum proteome for biomarker discovery / Megan Penno, Matthias Ernst, and Peter Hoffmann -- Part III Applications in clinical proteomics -- Differential gel-based proteomic approach for cancer biomarker discovery using human plasma / Keun Na [and others] -- 2D DIGE for the analysis of RAMOS cells subproteomes / Marisol Fernandez and Juan Pablo Albar -- Application of saturation labeling in lung cancer proteomics / Gereon Poschmann [and others] -- Proteomic profiling of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition using 2D DIGE / Rommel A. Mathias, Hong Ji, and Richard J. Simpson -- Method for protein subfractionation of cardiovascular tissues before DIGE analysis / Athanasios Didangelos, Xiaoke Yin, and Manual Mayr -- Application of DIGE and mass spectrometry in the study of type 2 diabetes mellitus mouse models / Celia Smith, Davinia Mills, and Rainer Cramer -- Evaluating the efficacy of subcellular fractionation of blast cells using live cell labeling and 2D DIGE / Yin Ying Ho [and others] -- Part IV Applications in animal, plant, and microbial proteomics -- DIGE analysis of plant tissue proteomes using a phenolic protein extraction method / Christina Rode [and others] -- Native DIGE of fluorescent plant protein complexes / Veronika Reisinger and Lutz Andreas Eichacker -- Overview of 2D DIGE analysis of marine (environmental) bacteria / Ralf Rabus -- Application of 2D DIGE in animal proteomics / Ingrid Miller.
  • 2006From: Springer
    Uwe Lendeckel, Dirk Reinhold, Ute Bank, editors.
    Topic I. Structure and function. Peptide substrates of dipeptidyl peptidases / Inger Brandt ... [et al.] Phosphorus-containing inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes / Angel Stöckel-Maschek ... [et al.] Biochemical properties of recombinant prolyl dipeptidases DPP-IV and DPP8 / Xin Chen. Prediction of dipeptidyl peptidase (DP) 8 structure by homology modelling / Melissa R. Pitman, R. Ian Menz, and Catherine A. Abbott -- Topic II. DPIV-related enzymes. Structure and function in dipeptidyl peptidase IV and related proteins / Mark D. Gorrell ... [et al.] Expression and function of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and related enzymes in cancer / Petr Busek ... [et al.] DP8 and DP9 have extra-enzymatic roles in cell adhesion, migration, and apoptosis / Denise M.T. Yu ... [et al.] In vivo effects of a potent, selective DPPII inhibitor: UAMC00039 is a possible tool for the elucidation of the physiological function of DPPII / Marie-Berthe Maes ... [et al.] Expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV-like enzymes in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells / Sabine Wrenger ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidase 8 has post-proline dipeptidyl aminopeptidase and prolyl endopeptidase activities / Joohong Park ... [et al.] Prolyl endopeptidase cleaves the apoptosis rescue peptide humanin and exhibits and unknown post-cysteine cleavage specificity / Joachim Wolfgang Bär ... [et al.] Distribution of dipeptidyl peptidase IV-like activity enzymes in canine and porcine tissue sections by RT-PCR / Leona Wagner ... [et al.] -- Topic III. Metabolic disorders. Relative contribution of incretins to the glucose lowering effect of DP IV inhibitors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) / Simon A. Hinke, Raymond A. Pederson, and Christopher H.S. McIntosh. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV: a molecular switch of vascular actions of neuropeptide Y / Lijun Li, Hans-Ulrich Demuth, and Zofia Zukowska -- Topic IV. Immune disorders. Dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPIV) and alanyl-aminopeptidases (AAPs) as a new target complex for treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases: proof of concept in a mouse model of colitis / Ute Bank ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidases and inflammatory bowel disease / Catherine A. Abbott ... [et al.] Possible role of DP IV inhibitors in acne therapy / Anja Thielitz ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV activity and/or structure homologs (DASH): contributing factors in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases? / Eva Balaziova ... [et al.] -- Topic V. Neuronal diseases. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, CD26) and aminopeptidase N (APN, CD13) as regulators of T cell function and targets of immunotherapy in CNS inflammation / Aliza Biton ... [et al.] CD26/DP IV in T cell activation and autoimmunity / Vera Preller ... [et al.] DPIV/CD26 and FAP in cancer: a tale of contradictions / Melanie L. Sulda, Catherine A. Abbott, and Martin Hildebrandt. Type-II transmembrane prolyl dipeptidases and matrix metalloproteinases in membrane vesicles of active endothelial cells / Monica Salamone ... [et al.] Extra-enzymatic roles of DPIV and FAP in cell adhesion and migration on collagen and fibronectin / Xin M. Wang ... [et al.] Role of neuropeptide Y and dipeptidyl peptidase IV in regulation of Ewing's sarcoma growth / Joanna Kitlinska ... [et al.] The role of CD26/DPP IV in preservation of early pulmonary graft function / Florian Johannes Jung ... [et al.].
    Also available: Print – 2006
  • Nicolas Tilmans.
    Directed evolution of large combinatorial chemistry libraries is an emerging approach for small-molecule discovery. To advance this field, we have developed a DNA-programmed chemistry technique that enables breeding of drug-like compounds over multiple generations. The progeny from each cycle of synthesis, selection, and amplification act as the starting point for a subsequent generation; thus the evolutionary cycle can be iterated. The linkage between genotype and phenotype is accomplished by coupling each unique compound to a DNA gene that programs its synthesis. Here we establish the behavior of our technology using a model selection for kinase substrates. We show that the platform behaves in a predictable manner and that it should be capable of identifying useful molecules from very large compound libraries. We then use the technology to discover novel biologically active small molecules by applying a purifying selection to a naive DNA-programmed library comprising 1.1 billion distinct compounds. Given the comprehensive nature of the combinatorial synthesis and the deep sampling enabled by high throughput sequencing, we can observe the simultaneous enrichment of different chemical families, increasing our chances of identifying a true hit. We have thus identified the first known non-peptidic substrate for protein kinase. This work demonstrates the feasibility to chemically probe the substrate binding sites of kinases. More broadly, we have performed the first directed evolution of a billion member combinatorial library. We anticipate that our approach will lead to the discovery of novel small-molecule affinity reagents, pharmaceutical compound leads, imaging probes and other high-value compounds. This could substantially increase global access to small-molecule reagents, and open up new areas of biological inquiry.
  • 2006From: CRCnetBASE
    edited by Barry M. McGrath, Gary Walsh.
    Applied enzymology: an overview / Nancy Shanley and Gary Walsh -- Enzyme engineering / Barry M. McGrath -- Tissue plasminogen activator-based thrombolytic agents / Gary Walsh -- Activated protein C / Brian W. Grinnell, S. Betty Yan, and William L. Macias -- Deoxyribonuclease I / Niek N. Sanders, Stefaan C. de Smedt, and Joseph Demeester -- SS-glucocerebrosidase ceredase and cerezyme / Tim Edmunds -- A-galactosidase / Debra Barngrover -- Urate oxidase / Alain Bayol ... [et al.] -- L-asparaginase review of pharmacology, drug resistance, and clinical applications / Christine Mauz-Korholz, Volker Wahn, and Dieter Korholz -- Recombinant factor VIIa / Elisabeth Erhardtsen ... [et al.] -- Factor IX (protease zymogen) / Barry M. McGrath -- The development of aldurazyme (laronidase) / Emil Kakkis -- Additional therapeutic enzymes / Shane O'Connell.
  • Dustin Howard Hite.
    The central dogma of biology states that DNA, the genetic information, is transcribed into RNA, an information containing intermediate, which is then translated into proteins, actionable molecules which perform the majority of tasks required for life. To synthesize proteins, the cell employs a massive, macromolecular machine, the ribosome, and a myriad of protein factors to successfully translate an mRNA. My graduate studies have focused both on the ribosome and the protein translation factors that interact with the ribosome to facilitate translation initiation, elongation, and termination. First, utilizing recent advances in high throughput sequencing, we discovered that sequencing of ribosome protected fragments could illuminate in vivo dynamics of ribosome structural changes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We demonstrated that the ribosome protects two distinct sizes of fragments and assigned each fragment population to approximate stages of the translation elongation cycle where large structural rearrangements of the ribosome are known to occur. Once these assignments were made, we were able to model elongation speed and demonstrated that, contrary to previous reports, tRNA abundance and codon optimality were not the major determinants of elongation speed; surprisingly our data indicated that the polarity of the amino acid being decoded dictated elongation rates under these conditions, with polar amino acids acting to slow elongation rates. This study also implicated Dom34, a known NO GO decay factor, as a novel component of canonical translation termination and ribosome recycling. Second, we used another genome-wide assay of translation, "gradient encoding" microarray analysis, to interrogate the genome-wide effects of depleting five individual translation factors. Based on the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms of each translation factor, we hypothesized that the depletion of each factor would result in differential translation of mRNAs based on the physical properties of each mRNA species. However, we were startled to observe that the translational program of S. cerevisiae was relatively unperturbed by the depletion of three initiation factors, one elongation factor, and one termination factor. Further investigation revealed that yeast were actively compensating for the deficiency of each factor by either increasing or decreasing translation initiation rates such that the depleted factor was no longer limiting. This tuning was mediated by changes in eIF2[alpha] phosphorylation levels, a known modulator of translation initiation. Overall, we have leveraged high throughput technologies to provide novel understanding of in vivo structural dynamics of the ribosome and reveal a novel, unexpected robustness of the translational program in S. cerevisiae.
  • Aaron Webster Puri.
    Host-pathogen interactions are highly regulated at the post-translational level, making small molecules useful tools for dissecting many aspects of these events. This dissertation describes the development and application of chemical probes to examine aspects of bacterial infection on either side of the host-pathogen interface. We rationally designed a set of inhibitors and activity-based probes to study the substrate recognition and activation mechanisms of the internal cysteine protease domain (CPD) of Clostridium difficile's large gluocosylating toxin TcdB; a major virulence factor of this important nosocomial pathogen. Subsequent work with these tools has helped elucidate the biochemical details of CPD allosteric activation within a eukaryotic environment, and has provided evidence that TcdB contributes to hypervirulence in some C. difficile strains. We also developed an optimized activity-based probe for studying inflammasome-mediated caspase-1 activation, which is a fundamental part of the host's response to intracellular bacterial pathogens. We used this tool to discover that when cells are unable to activate caspase-1 upon intracellular bacterial infection, they instead undergo apoptosis. This work provides insight into a potential intracellular arms race between the host and pathogens capable of suppressing caspase-1 activation, and also highlights the balance that exists between pro- and non-inflammatory cellular responses. Together, these studies show there is much to be gained from adding chemical probes to the repertoire of tools used to study mechanisms of bacterial pathogenesis.
  • Patrick Evan Bogard.
    One of the challenges facing modern medicine is to understand mammalian organ formation. Each organ has a specialized function and form, yet they are built from similar parts. One important part of each organ is the circulatory system, composed of arteries, veins, and capillaries, which is responsible for delivery of oxygen and nutrients and for the removal of carbon dioxide and metabolic waste. For centuries scientists have been trying to understand how the circulatory system functions and more recently how it forms. In this thesis, I focus on the development of the mouse pulmonary vasculature, the circulatory system that is responsible for transporting blood from the heart to the lungs where oxygenation occurs, and back to the heart where the oxygenated blood is pumped throughout the body. The lung is a complex organ made up of multiple hollow airway tubes that must form in coordination so that proper gas exchange can occur. In the first chapter I review the function and development of the circulatory system. In chapter two I present the experiments completed to determine the cellular origins of the blood vessels of the mouse lung and heart. Currently there are two major models for how the pulmonary arteries of the mouse form, vasculogenesis of lung mesenchymal endothelial progenitors and sprouting angiogenesis from vessels outside the lung. Using fate mapping I directly test the dominant model, vasculogenesis, and show that there are no endothelial progenitor cells resident in the lung mesenchyme. To determine if a vessel outside the lung is forming the pulmonary arteries I performed a clonal analysis labeling single endothelial cells before pulmonary artery formation and followed the fates of their daughter cells. I found a surprising multipotent progenitor population of endothelial cells, the primitive plexus of the lung, that gives rise to pulmonary arterial, venous, and plexus endothelial cells. I showed that the transition from plexus to arterial fate occurs in a leakproof manner in the lung by performing intracardiac perfusion experiments of fluorescently labeled dextrans and lectins. I also demonstrated a similar mechanism of leakproof plexus remodeling occurs in the heart during the development of the coronary arteries and veins. In chapter three I discuss experiments done to understand the molecular mechanisms controlling pulmonary artery formation. I describe an in silico in situ hybridization screen I performed to identify candidate molecules. I describe the expression pattern of BMP pathway activity in the lung as being restricted to the pulmonary arteries, a subset of the plexus and budding airways, using a transgenic mouse line that is only expressed in cells actively undergoing BMP signaling. I analyzed mice homozygously deficient for the BMP antagonists Gremlin and BMPER, and showed that there is no abnormal pulmonary artery formation or patterning phenotype. I also describe experiments in which I have deleted the BMP Receptor 2 from endothelial cells and again there is no abnormal pulmonary artery formation or patterning phenotype. I describe the expression pattern of VEGF in the lung as being mesenchymal during early lung formation, and show that mesenchymal deletions of VEGF do not result in abnormal pulmonary artery formation or patterning phenotypes. I found that multiple single gene manipulations do not result in abnormal phenotypes suggesting that pulmonary artery formation and patterning is robust and likely involves the interaction of multiple signaling pathways. This work describes a common mechanism of organ specific vascular bed formation that has not been previously described at a cellular and molecular level. I hope these studies provide a foundation for understanding how the vascular system of many organs form during organogenesis.
  • 2013From: Springer
    Maria Spies, editor.
    Also available: Print – 2013
  • Bettina Van Lengerich.
    Vesicle fusion is a central process in transport and communication in biology. In neuronal transmission, synaptic vesicles carrying neurotransmitters dock and fuse to the plasma membrane of the neuron, a process mediated by a combination of several membrane anchored and soluble proteins. Fusion results in the merger of the two apposing lipid bilayers, leading to the exchange of both the lipidic and aqueous components. The fusion reaction is thought to proceed through several stages: first, the membranes are brought into close proximity (docking), second, the outer leaflets mix, but the inner leaflets and contents remain separate (hemi-fusion), and finally, the inner leaflet and contents exchange (full fusion). Due to the complex nature of the fusion reaction and the multitude of proteins involved, the mechanism of the fusion reaction is not well understood. Simplified model systems for vesicle fusion can bring insight into the mechanism by studying the fusion reaction in a more defined and controllable system. This thesis describes a DNA-based model for the protein fusion machinery. Previously, DNA-lipids were used to tether lipid vesicles to glass-supported lipid bilayers. These vesicles could be observed by fluorescence microscopy, and are laterally mobile along the plane parallel to the supported bilayer. DNA-mediated docking between vesicles was characterized, but fusion was not observed due to the fact that the DNA partners were both coupled at the 5' end, so antiparallel hybridization holds the membranes apart. In this work, a new synthesis of DNA-lipid conjugates is described which allows coupling at both the 3' and 5' end of the DNA. Incorporation of complementary DNA-lipids coupled at opposite ends mediates fusion between lipid vesicles. Vesicle fusion was measured in bulk fluorescence assays (Chapter 2 and 3), by both lipid mixing and content mixing assays. The rate of vesicle fusion showed a strong dependence on the number of DNA per vesicle, as well as the sequence of the DNA. Consistent with previous results measured for the docking reaction, fusion was faster for a repeating DNA sequence than for a non-repeating sequence that required full overlap of the strands for hybridization. The role of membrane proximity on the rate of vesicle fusion was investigated in Chapter 3 by insertion of a short spacer sequence at the membrane-proximal end of fusion sequences. The length of the spacer sequence was varied between two and 24 bases, corresponding to length scales of approximately 1-12 nm. Fusion, as measured in bulk assays by lipid and content mixing, decreases systematically as the membranes are held progressively further apart, demonstrating a clear dependence of the rate of the fusion reaction on membrane proximity. While the bulk vesicle fusion assays showed that DNA-lipids can mediate vesicle fusion, these ensemble measurements convolve the multiple steps (docking, hemifusion, and full fusion) of the fusion reaction, complicating any kinetic analysis. In order to image individual vesicle fusion events between tethered vesicles, a new tethering strategy was developed (Chapter 4). This strategy exploits the dependence of DNA hybridization on salt by covalently attaching lipid vesicles to a glass-supported lipid bilayer, then triggering DNA-mediated docking and fusion by spiking the salt concentration. The kinetics of individual vesicle fusion events were subsequently measured using a FRET-based lipid mixing assay for many vesicles (Chapter 6). An analysis of the distribution of waiting times from docking to fusion indicated that this transition occurs in a single step. A second model membrane architecture was used to study individual fusion events between vesicles and a planar bilayer (Chapters 5 and 6). This architecture uses a DNA-tethered planar free-standing bilayer as the target membrane. The kinetics of individual vesicle fusion events to this membrane patch were also consistent with a single step process, as for vesicle to vesicle fusion. In this system, it was also possible to observe content transfer of vesicles containing a self-quenched aqueous dye (Chapter 5). By analyzing the diffusion profile of the dye, it was shown that the dye indeed is transferred into the region below the planar membrane patch, and is not released into the solution above the patch due to vesicle rupture or leakage.
  • 2009From: Springer Protocols
    edited by Jörg Tost.
    DNA methylation : an introduction to the biology and the disease-associated changes of a promising biomarker / Jörg Tost -- Quantification of global DNA methylation by capillary electophoresis and mass spectrometry / Maria Berdasco, Mrio F. Fraga, and Manel Esteller -- Methyl group acceptance assay for the determination of global DNA methylation levels / Kenneth P. Nephew, Curt Balch, and David G. Skalnik -- Immunodetection array / Johannes Pröll ... [et al.] -- Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) / Fabio Mohn ... [et al.] -- The MIRA method for DNA methylation analysis / Tibor A. Rauch and Gerd P. Pfeifer -- The HELP assay / Mayumi Oda and John M. Greally -- Differential methylation hybridization : profiling DNA methylation with a high-density CpG island microarray / Pearlly S. Yan ... [et al.] -- Analysis of DNA methylation by amplification of intermethylated sites (AIMS) / Mireia Jordà ... [et al.] -- Methylation-sensitive representational difference analysis (MS-RDA) / Toshikazu Ushijima and Satoshi Yamashita -- Restriction landmark genomic scanning : analysis of CpG islands in genomes by 2D gel elctrophoresis / Joseph F. Costello ... [et al.] -- GoldenGate assay for DNA methylation profiling / Marina Bibikova and Jian-Bing Fan -- 5'-azacytidine expression arrays / Paul Cairns -- DNA methylation analysis by bisulfite conversion, cloning, and sequencing of individual clones / Yingying Zhang ... [et al.] -- Identification and quantification of differentially methylated loci by the Pyrosequencing technology / Emelyne Dejeux ... [et al.] -- Mass spectrometric analysis of cytosine methylation by base-specific cleavage and primer extension methods / Dirk van den Boom and Mathias Ehrich -- Melting curve assays for DNA methylation analysis / Tomasz K. Wojdacz and Alexander Dobrovic -- Methylatioin SNaPshot : a method for the quantification of site-specific DNA methylation levels / Zachary Kaminsky and Arturas Petronis -- Bio-COBRA : absolute quantification of DNA methylation in electrofluidics chips / Romulo Martin Brena and Christoph Plass -- Restriction digestion and real-time PCR (qAMP) / Christopher C. Oakes ... [et al.] -- MethylQuant : a real-time PCR-based method to quantify DNA methylation at single specific cytosines / Claire Dugast-Darzacq and Thierry Grange -- Methylation-specific PCR / Julien D.F. Licchesi and James G. Herman -- MethyLight / Mihaela Campan ... [et al.] -- Quantification of methylated DNA by HeavyMethyl duplex PCR / Jürgen Distler -- Analysis of methylated circulating DNA in cancer patients' blood / Eiji Sunami ... [et al.] -- Prevention of PCR cross-contamination by UNG treatment of bisulfite-treated DNA / Reimo Tetzner -- Profiling DNA methylation from small amounts of genomic DNA starting material : efficient sodium bisulfite conversion and subsequent whole-genome amplification / Jonathan Mill and Arturas Petronis.
  • 2006From: Springer
    W. Doerfler and P. Böhm, eds.
    Also available: Print – 2006
  • 2016From: Springer
    Albert Jeltsch, Renata Z. Jurkowska, editors.
    Mechanisms and biological roles of DNA methyltransferases and DNA methylation: from past achievements to future challenges / Renata Z. Jurkowska, Albert Jeltsch -- DNA and RNA pyrimidine nucleobase alkylation at the carbon-5 position / Yuri Motorin, Salifu Seidu-Larry, Mark Helm -- Bacterial DNA methylation and methylomes / Josep Casadesús -- Domain structure of the Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, and Dnmt3b DNA methyltransferases / Shoji Tajima, Isao Suetake, Kohei Takeshita, Atsushi Nakagawa, Hironobu Kimura -- Enzymology of mammalian DNA methyltransferases / Renata Z. Jurkowska, Albert Jeltsch -- Genetic studies on mammalian DNA methyltransferases / Jiameng Dan, Taiping Chen -- The role of DNA methylation in cancer / Ranjani Lakshminarasimhan, Gangning Liang -- Structure and mechanism of plant DNA methyltransferases / Jiamu Du -- DNA methylation and gene regulation in honeybees: from genome-wide analyses to obligatory epialleles / Laura Wedd, Ryszard Maleszka -- N6-methyladenine: a conserved and dynamic DNA mark / Zach Klapholz O'Brown, Eric Lieberman Greer -- Pathways of DNA demethylation / Wendy Dean -- Structure and function of TET enzymes / Xiaotong Yin, Yanhui Xu -- Proteins that read DNA methylation / Takashi Shimbo, Paul A. Wade -- DNA base flipping: a general mechanism for writing, reading, and erasing DNA modifications / Samuel Hong, Xiaodong Cheng -- Current and emerging technologies for the analysis of the genome-wide and locus-specific DNA methylation patterns / J̲örg Tost -- DNA methyltransferase inhibitors: development and applications / Marie Lopez, Ludovic Halby, Paola B. Arimondo -- Rewriting DNA methylation signatures at will: the curable genome within reach? / Sabine Stolzenburg, Désirée Goubert, Marianne G. Rots -- Engineering and directed evolution of DNA methyltransferases / Paola Laurino, Liat Rockah-Shmuel, Dan S. Tawfik -- DNA labeling using DNA methyltransferases / MiglėTomkuvienė, Edita Kriukienė, Saulius Klimaašuskas.
    Also available: Print – 2016
  • 2010From: Springer
    Kim A. Neve, editor.
    Also available: Print – 2010

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