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  • Part 1. Cellular Aspects -- Elementary Cellular Processes Driven by Actin Assembly: Lamellipodia and Filopodia / J. Victor Small and Klemens Rottner -- Coupling Membrane Dynamics to Actin Polymerization / Shiro Suetsugu and Tadaomi Takenawa -- Endocytic Control of Actin-based Motility / Andrea Disanza, Emanuela Frittoli, Chiara Giuliani, Francesca Milanesi and Andrea Palamidessi, et al. -- Actin in Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis / Marko Kaksonen -- Actin Cytoskeleton and the Dynamics of Immunological Synapse / Viveka Mayya and Michael L. Dustin -- Actin-based Motile Processes in Tumor Cell Invasion / Matthew Oser, Robert Eddy and John Condeelis -- Actin-based Chromosome Movements in Cell Division / Rong Li -- Roles for Actin Dynamics in Cell Movements During Development / Minna Roh-Johnson, Jessica Sullivan-Brown and Bob Goldstein -- Part 2. Molecular Aspects -- Regulation of the Cytoplasmic Actin Monomer Pool in Actin-based Motility / Pekka Lappalainen, Maarit Makkonen and Hongxia Zhao -- From Molecules to Movement: In Vitro Reconstitution of Self-Organized Actin-based Motile Processes / Marie-France Carlier and Dominique Pantaloni -- The WASP-Homology 2 Domain and Cytoskeleton Assembly / Roberto Dominguez -- Formin-Mediated Actin Assembly / David R. Kovar, Andrew J. Bestul, Yujie Li and Bonnie J. Scott -- Visualization of Individual Actin Filament Assembly / Emmanuèle Helfer -- Movement of Cargo in Bacterial Cytoplasm: Bacterial Actin Dynamics Drives Plasmid Segregation / Dyche Mullins -- Part 3. Physical Aspects -- Protrusive Forces Generated by Dendritic Actin Networks During Cell Crawling / Ovijit Chaudhuri and Daniel A. Fletcher -- Mathematical and Physical Modeling of Actin Dynamics in Motile Cells / Anders E. Carlsson and Alex Mogilner -- Force Production by Actin Assembly: Simplified Experimental Systems for a Thorough Modeling / C. Sykes, J. Prost and J.F. Joanny.
  • ADAR proteins : structure and catalytic mechanism / Rena A. Goodman, Mark R. Macbeth and Peter A. Beal -- ADAR proteins : double-stranded RNA and Z-DNA binding domains / Pierre Barraud and Frédéric H.-T. Allain -- Editing of neurotransmitter receptor and ion channel RNAs in the nervous system / Jennifer L. Hood and Ronald B. Emeson -- Modulation of microRNA expression and function by ADARs / Bjorn-Erik Wulff and Kazuko Nishikura -- Nuclear editing of mRNA 3'-UTRs / Ling-Ling Chen and Gordon G. Carmichael -- Control of ADAR1 editing of hepatitis delta virus RNAs / John L. Casey -- Bioinformatic approaches for identification of A-to-I editing sites / Eli Eisenberg -- ADARs : viruses and innate immunity / Charles E. Samuel -- Role of ADARs in mouse development / Carl R. Walkley, Brian Liddicoat and Jochen C. Hartner -- Regulation and functions of ADAR in Drosophila / Simona Paro, Xianghua Li, Mary A. O'Connell and Liam P. Keegan.
  • Introduction to adherens junctions: from molecular mechanisms to tissue development and disease -- How AJs evolved -- Evolution of the cadherin-catenin complex -- How cadherins and catenins interact to assemble AJs -- Three-dimensional structure of the cadherin-catenin complex -- Biophysics of cadherin adhesion -- Adherens junction assembly -- How AJs interface with other cellular machinery -- Cytoskeleton and classical cadherin adhesions -- Immunoglobulin superfamily receptors and adherens junctions -- Signaling from the adherens junction -- Adherens junction turnover: regulating adhesion through cadherin endocytosis, degradation, and recycling -- How AJs affect cell behaviour and multicellular development -- Adherens junctions during cell migration -- Adherens junctions and cadherins in Drosophilia development -- Adherens junctions in C. elegans embryonic morphogenesis -- Cadherin function during xenopus gastrulation -- Adherens junctions in mammalian development, homeostasis and disease: lessons from mice -- How AJs affect tissue homeostasis and disease -- Adherens junctions and stem cells -- Adherens junctions and cancer -- Adherens junctions and pathogen entry.
  • Adipokines 2012
    1. Acylation stimulating protein (ASP) as an adipokine / Thea Scantlebury-Manning -- 2. Adiponectin as an adipokine / Zhikui Wei and G. William Wong -- 3. Adipsin as an adipokine / Yu-Feng Zhao and Chen Chen -- 4. Adrenomedullin as a cytokine / Alexis Elias Malavazos and Gianluca Iacobellis -- 5. Angiotensinogen as an adipokine / Miki Nagase and Toshiro Fujita -- 6. Apelin as an adipokine / Despina D. Briana and Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner -- 7. C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) as adipokines / Jonathan M. Peterson and G. William Wong -- 8. Fasting-induced adipose factor/angiopoietin-like protein 4 as an adipokine / Sander Kersten -- Interleukins as adipokines / Kirsten Prüfer Stone -- Leptin as an adipokine: important definitions and applications for cancer research / Barbara Stadterman [and others] -- Omentin as an adipokine: role in health and disease / Anne M. Lenz and Frank Diamond -- Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (Pai-1) as an adipokine / Francis Agyemang-Yeboah -- Resistin as an adipokine / Zhikui Wei and G. William Wong -- Retinol-binding protein 4 as an adipokine / Elmar Aigner and Christian Datz -- TNF-α as an adipokine / Theron C. Gilliland, Jr. and G. William Wong -- Transforming growth factor as an adipokine / Yutaka Yata and Terumi Takahara -- Vaspin as an adipokine: a link between obesity and metabolic alterations / Peter Kovacs, Matthias Blüher, and Gabriela Aust -- Visfatin as an adipokine / Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner and Despina D. Briana -- Thermal stress and adipokines expression / Umberto Bernabucci, Patrizia Morera, and Loredana Basiricò -- Central nervous system roles for adiponectin in neuroendocrine and autonomic function / Ted D. Hoyda, Willis K. Samson, and Alastair V. Ferguson -- The astroglial leptin receptors and obesity / Weihong Pan [and others] -- Adipokines and obesity / Alberto O. Chavez and Devjit Tripathy -- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and adipokines / Stergios A. Polyzos, Jannis Kountouras, and Christos Zavos -- Endocrine disruptors, adipokines, and the metabolic syndrome / Eric R. Hugo and Nira Ben-Jonathan -- Adipokines and the heart / Gianluca Iacobellis -- Adipokines as mediators of rheumatic disease / Deborah M. Levy and Earl D. Silverman -- Adipokines and allergy / Giorgio Ciprandi [and others] -- Adipokines and sleep disorders / Kapil Dhawan [and others] -- Adipokines in children and adolescents and implications for disease / HuiLing Lu and Katherine Cianflone -- Role of leptin in immune cell development and innate immunity / Pamela J. Fraker and Afia Naaz -- Visfatin and hypocaloric diets / D.A. de Luis and R. Aller -- Apelin in energy metabolism / Isabelle Castan-Laurell and Philippe Valet -- Adiponectin deficiency / Wayne Bond Lau [and others] -- Adiponectin enhances inflammation in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts and chondrocytes / Natsuko Kusunoki, Kanako Kitahara, and Shinichi Kawai -- Resistin, imflammation and seminal fluid / Uwe Paasch [and others] -- Resistin in amniotic fluid / Shali Mazaki-Tovi [and others].
  • "This volume explores the use of mass spectrometry for biomedical applications. Chapters focus on specific therapeutic areas such as oncology, infectious disease and psychiatry. Additional chapters focus on methodology as well as new technologies and instrumentation. This volume provides readers with a comprehensive and informative manual that will allow them to appreciate mass spectrometry and proteomic research but also to initiate and improve their own work. Thus the book acts as a technical guide but also a conceptual guide to the newest information in this exciting field. Mass spectrometry is the central tool used in proteomic research today and is rapidly becoming indispensable to the biomedical scientist. With the completion of the human genome project and the genomic revolution, the proteomic revolution has followed closely behind. Understanding the human proteome has become critical to basic and clinical biomedical research and holds the promise of providing comprehensive understanding of human physiological processes. In addition, proteomics and mass spectrometry are bringing unprecedented biomarker discovery and are helping to personalize medicine"--Publisher's description.
  • Advances in dyslipidemia / Wilbert S. Aronow -- Atherosclerosis : dyslipidemia, inflammation and lipoapoptosis / Fleur M. van der Valk, Dominik M. Schulte, Willem J.M. Mulder & Erik S.G. Stroes -- Familial hypercholesterolemia : bridging and minding the gap in healthcare / Jing Pang, Alistair W. Vickery & Gerald F. Watts -- PCSK9 inhibition : drug development for low-density lipoprotein lowering / Geetha Mukerji, Rawand M. Abdin & Dominic S. Ng -- Novel therapies for dyslipidemia / Anthony S. Wierzbicki -- The highs and lows of high-density lipoprotein / Daniel Soffer & Marisa Schoen -- Do we need to treat patients with heart failure with statins? / Sadip Pant, Guru S. Gurumurthy, Abhishek Deshmukh & Jawahar L. Mehta -- Management of dyslipidemia in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease / Konstantinos Tziomalos, Vasilios G. Athyros & Asterios Karagiannis -- Dyslipidemia : current management and the challenge of residual cardiovascular risk reduction / Aaron Rockoff, Vaijinath S. Kamanna & Moti L. Kashyap -- Index.
  • Improvement of thermostable enzyme with sugar metabolic activity by targeted mutagenesis -- Glycoside hydrolases for modification of glycosylation in polyphenolic antioxidants -- On the enzyme specificity for the synthesis of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides -- Microbial mannanases: properties and applications -- Enzyme Synergy for Enhanced Degradation of Lignocellulosic Waste -- Manganese peroxidase: molecular diversity, heterologous expression and applications -- Advance Techniques in Enzyme Research -- Regulatory motif identification in biological sequences: An overview of computational methodologies -- Structural, Molecular and Functional Aspects of Chitin deacetylase -- Role of enzymes and proteins in plant -- microbe interaction : A study of M. oryzae vs Rice -- Industrial enzyme applications in biorefineries for starchy materials.
  • Section 1. Overview of enzymes. Introduction to enzymes ; The limits for life define the limits for enzymes ; Enzyme kinetics ; Properties and evolution of allosteric enzymes ; Kinetics of allosteric enzymes -- Section 2. K-type enzymes. Hemoglobin ; Glycogen phosphorylase ; Phosphofructokinase ; Ribonucleotide reductase ; Hexokinase -- Section 3. V-type enzymes. Introduction to V-type enzymes ; G proteins ; Protein kinases.
  • This up-to-date book presents basic concepts and recent advances in amino acid biochemistry and nutrition, providing comprehensive coverage of developments over the past 45 years. It includes information on absorption, metabolism, and excretion of amino acids while addressing protein quality and requirements. The text discusses metabolic pathways of amino acids in relation to health and disease in various organisms, as well as species differences in metabolism of amino acids. The author also presents a critical analysis of amino acid supplementation to humans and animals.
  • Advances in biochemistry now allow us to control living systems in ways that were undreamt of a decade ago. This volume guides researchers and students through the full spectrum of experimental protocols used in biochemistry, plant biology and biotechnology.
  • Engineered antibodies currently represent over 30 per cent of biopharmaceuticals in clinical trials and their total worldwide sales continue to increase significantly. The importance of antibody applications is reflected in their increasing clinical and industrial applications as well as in the progression of established and emerging production strategies. This volume provides detailed coverage of the generation, optimization, characterization, production and applications of antibody. It provides the necessary theoretical background and description of methods for the expression of antibody in.
  • APC proteins 2009
    APC and [beta]-catenin degradation -- Nuclear APC -- APC in cell migration -- The APC-EB1 interaction -- The role of APC in mitosis and in chromosome instability -- Role of APC and its binding partners in regulating microtubules in mitosis -- The adenomatous polyposis coli tumor -- Suppressor and Wnt signaling in the regulation of apoptosis -- APC and its modifiers in colon cancer -- Tissue-specific tumour suppression by APC -- Extra-colonic manifestations of familial adenomatous polyposis coli.
  • A key experiment in biomedical research is monitoring the expression of different proteins in order to detect changes that occur in biological systems under different experimental conditions. The method that is most widely used is the Western blot analysis. While Western blot is a workhorse in laboratories studying protein expression and has several advantages, it also has a number of significant limitations. In particular, the method is semi-quantitative with limited dynamic range. Western blot focuses on a single protein per sample with only a small number of representative samples analyzed in an experiment. New quantitative tools have been needed for some time to at least supplement, & possibly replace, the Western blot. Mass spectrometric methods have begun to compete with Western blot for routine quantitative analyses of proteins. One of these methods is based on the tandem mass spectrometry technique of selected reaction monitoring (SRM), which is also called multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). Selected reaction monitoring is actually an older tandem mass spectrometry technique, first described in the late 70s, that is widely utilized in the quantitative analysis of small molecules like drugs & metabolites. The use of selected reaction monitoring for the quantitative analysis of proteins has a number of advantages. Most importantly, it is fundamentally quantitative with a wide dynamic range. The output of the analysis is a numerical result that can range over several orders of magnitude. Other advantages include sufficient specificity & sensitivity to detect low abundance proteins in complex mixtures. Finally, selected reaction monitoring can be multiplexed to allow the quantitative analysis of relatively large numbers of proteins in a single sample in a single experiment. This Brief will explain both the theoretical & experimental details of the selected reaction monitoring experiment as it is applied to proteins.
  • Aquaporins 2009
  • This volume describes our current understanding of the biological role of visual and non-visual arrestins in different cells and tissues, focusing on the mechanisms of arrestin-mediated regulation of GPCRs and non-receptor signaling proteins in health and disease. The book covers wide range of arrestin functions, emphasizing therapeutic potential of targeting arrestin interactions with individual partners.
  • Artificial enzymes / Ronald Breslow -- Vitamin B6 enzyme models / Lei Liu and Ronald Breslow -- Evolution of synthetic polymers with enzyme-like catalytic activities / Irving M. Klotz and Junghun Suh -- Mimicking enzymes with antibodies / Donald Hilvert -- Protein-based artificial enzymes / Ben Duckworth and Mark D. Distefano -- Artificial hydrolytic metalloenzymes / Jik Chin and Hae-Jo Kim -- Artificial restriction enzymes as tools for future molecular biology and biotechnology / Yoji Yamamoto and Makoto Komiyama.
  • Homeostatic functions of BCL-2 proteins beyond apoptosis / Nika N. Danial, Alfredo Gimenez-Cassina, and Daniel Tondera -- Alternative functions of the BCL-2 protein family at the endoplasmic reticulum / Diego Rojas-Rivera ... [et al.] -- BH3-only proteins and their effects on cancer / Thanh-Trang Vo and Anthony Letai -- Endoplasmic reticulum stress and BCL-2 family members / Ross T. Weston and Hamsa Puthalakath -- Targeting survival pathways in lymphoma / Luca Paoluzzi and Owen A. O'Connor -- The interplay between BCL-2 family proteins and mitochondrial morphology in the regulation of apoptosis / Maria Eugenia Soriano and Luca Scorrano -- Noncanonical functions of BCL-2 proteins in the nervous system / Heather M. Lamb and J. Marie Hardwick -- Mitochondria on guard : role of mitochondrial fusion and fission in the regulation of apoptosis / Mariusz Karbowski.
  • Section I. The Basic Molecules of Life -- 1. Amino acids and proteins -- 2. Carbohydrates -- 3. Lipids -- 4. Nucleosides, nucleotides -- Section II. Functional biochemistry -- 5. Enzymes and amino acid metabolism -- 6. Carbohydrate metabolism -- 7. Lipid metabolism -- 8. Membranes -- 9. DNA/RNA function and protein synthesis -- Section III. Applied biochemistry -- 10. Metabolism and vitamins/minerals / Maria L. Valencik and Cynthia C. Mastick -- 11. The Digestive system / Kshama Jaiswal -- 12. Muscles and cell motility / Darren Campbell -- 13. Connective tissue and bone / Jacques Kerr -- 14. Blood / Matthew Porteus -- 15. The Immune system / Eric L. Greidinger, Leonard M. Miller -- 16. The Cardiovascular system / Ralph Shohet, John A. Burns -- 17. The respiratory system / Howard Huang -- 18. The Urinary system / Armando J. Lorenzo -- 19. The Nervous system / Kathryn Beck-Yoo -- 20. The Reproductive system / Catrina Bubier -- Section IV. Appendices -- Appendix I. Biochemical Basis of Diseases -- Appendix II. Biochemical Methods -- Appendix III. Organic Chemistry Primer.
  • Bio-Nanoimaging: Protein Misfolding & Aggregation provides a unique introduction to both novel and established nanoimaging techniques for visualization and characterization of misfolded and aggregated protein species. The book is divided into three sections covering: - Nanotechnology and nanoimaging technology, including cryoelectron microscopy of beta(2)-microglobulin, studying amyloidogensis by FRET; and scanning tunneling microscopy of protein deposits - Polymorphisms of protein misfolded and aggregated species, including fibrillar polymorphism, amyloid-like protofibrils, and insulin olig.
  • "Presenting data from human studies and trials, along with recent research findings, this work summarizes the applications, and benefits of bioactive peptides used to mitigate major metabolic derangements arising from chronic illnesses and resulting in unwanted weight loss. Recent studies show bioactive peptides to enhance the body's antioxidant status, antisepsis capacity, immune function, anti-inflammatory capacity, mineral absorption, and appetite. This book covers general principles, such as host response, quality factors, protein economics, and muscle loss. It includes case studies on ageing, AIDS, COPD, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney failure, and tuberculosis."--Provided by publisher.
  • Angiogenesis plays a key role in human physiology and pathophysiology. While necessary for tissue growth and development, uncontrolled angiogenesis plays a role in the progression of certain tumors as well as atherosclerosis. Lack of angiogenesis may be the basis of myocardial ischemia and stroke. Knowledge on the mechanisms of angiogenesis is growing very rapidly, and may lead to important drugs for therapy of a variety of clinical disorders. Experts from around the world have contributed a vast array of data on different aspects of angiogenesis in this volume edited by Professors Mehta and Dhalla. This information will be of immense help to basic scientists, clinicians and those involved in drug development.
  • Consists of critical reviews and original research papers from the 2014 International Symposium on the "Biochemical Role of Eukaryotic Cell Surface Macromolecules". Topics covered include: · neurochemical and biochemical analysis of cell surface glycoconjugates · membrane skeletal organization · GPCRs and other receptors · biophysical approaches to study membrane interactions · glycoconjugate metabolism · dysregulation · molecular mechanisms involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction · glycans in infectious and neurological diseases · cancer and glycosyltransferases as drug targets.
  • Glycomics: An Overview of the Complex Glycocode / Garima Gupta and Avadhesha Surolia -- Structural Glycomic Approaches to Molecular Recognition Events on Cell Surfaces / Koichi Kato -- ISCSM2011 Chondroitin Sulfate E-type Structure at Tumor Cell Surface Is Involved in Experimental Metastasis / Kazuyuki Sugahara and Shuji Mizumoto -- Chondroitin Sulfate-Specific Novel Hydrolase in Human / Shuhei Yamada -- Identification of Endothelial Cell Surface Carbohydrate-Binding Receptors by Carbohydrate Ligand Mimicry Peptides / Michiko N. Fukuda -- Lysosomal Enzyme Sorting Receptors - Where Did They First Appear in the Animal Kingdom? / Suryanarayanaraju Vegiraju, Suresh Koduru and Siva Kumar Nadimpalli -- Endoplasmic Reticulum-Targeted Bcl-2 Inhibitable Mitochondrial Fragmentation Initiates ER Stress-Induced Cell Death / B. C. Bhavya, Deepa Indira, Mahendra Seervi, Jeena Joseph and Praveen K. Sobhan, et al. -- Interactions Between Caveolin-1 and Sphingolipids, and Their Functional Relevance / Sandro Sonnino, Simona Prioni, Vanna Chigorno and Alessandro Prinetti -- Cell Membrane Repair Pathway Involves Sensing of Dynamics of Caveolae and Caspase-1 / Saumya S. Srivastava and M. V. Krishnasastry -- Angiogenic Response of Endothelial Cells to Fibronectin / V. B. S. Kumar, R. I. Viji, M. S. Kiran and Perumana R. Sudhakaran -- Lactosylceramide Synthase as a Therapeutic Target to Mitigate Multiple Human Diseases in Animal Models / Subroto Chatterjee and Nezar Alsaeedi -- Advanced FRET Methodologies: Protein-Lipid Selectivity Detection and Quantification / Fábio Fernandes, Manuel Prieto and Luís M. S. Loura -- Mechanism of GPCR-Directed Autoantibodies in Diseases / Hamiyet Unal, Rajaganapathi Jagannathan and Sadashiva S. Karnik -- Role of Membrane Cholesterol in Leishmanial Infection / Amitabha Chattopadhyay and Md. Jafurulla -- How Intact Is the Basement Membrane? Role of MMPs / S. Asha Nair, Sankar Jagadeeshan, Ramachandran Indu, Perumana R. Sudhakaran and M. R. Pillai -- Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells: Modulation of Genes for Glycoconjugate Biosynthesis and Targeted Drug Delivery / Subhash Basu, Rui Ma, Joseph R. Moskal, Manju Basu and Sipra Banerjee -- Altered Expression of Sialidases in Human Cancer / Taeko Miyagi, K. Takahashi, S. Moriya, K. Hata and K. Yamamoto, et al. -- Poly-ADP-Ribosylation of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Its Implications on Angiogenesis / S. Binu, S. J. Soumya, V. B. S. Kumar and Perumana R. Sudhakaran -- Sphingolipid-Binding Domain in the Serotonin1A Receptor / Amitabha Chattopadhyay, Yamuna Devi Paila, Sandeep Shrivastava, Shrish Tiwari and Pushpendra Singh, et al. -- Withanolide D, Carrying the Baton of Indian Rasayana Herb as a Lead Candidate of Antileukemic Agent in Modern Medicine / Susmita Mondal, Saptarshi Roy, Rita Maity, Asish Mallick and Rajender Sangwan, et al. -- Engineered Glucose to Generate a Spectroscopic Probe for Studying Carbohydrate Biology / Ashish Tripathi, Vibha Singh, K. G. Aishwarya, Gopala Krishna Aradhyam and Srinivas Hotha -- Changes in Sialic Acid Content of Jelly Coat in Pesticide-Exposed Frog Eggs and Their Influence on Fertilization / H. P. Gurushankara, S. V. Krishnamurthy and V. Vasudev.
  • Accompanying CD-ROM contains the full text, as well as macros that help scientists and engineers solve their particular problems.
  • Abbreviations and acronyms -- Glossary of terms useful in biochemistry and molecular biology and related disciplines -- Chemicals commonly used in biochemistry and molecular biology and their properties -- A listing of log P values, water solubility, and molecular weight for some selected chemicals -- Protease inhibitors and protease inhibitor cocktails -- List of buffers -- Organic name reactions useful in biochemistry and molecular biology.
  • Functional roles of lipids in membranes / William Dowhan, Mikhail Bogdanov, and Eugenia Mileykovskaya -- Lipid modifications of proteins / Anant K. Menon -- Fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism in prokaryotes / Charles O. Rock -- Lipid metabolism in plants / Katherine M. Schmid and John B. Ohlrogge -- Oxidation of fatty acids in eukaryotes / Horst Schulz -- Fatty acid synthesis in eukaryotes / Hei Sook Sul and Stuart Smith -- Fatty acid desaturation and chain elongation in mammals / Makoto Miyazaki and James N. Ntambi -- Phospholipid biosynthesis in eukaryotes / Dennis E. Vance and Jean E. Vance -- Ether-linked lipids and their bioactive species / Thomas M. McIntyre, Fred Snyder, and Gopal K. Marathe -- Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue / Ann V. Hertzel ... [et al.] -- Phospholipases / David C. Wilton -- The eicosanoids : cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and epoxygenase pathways / William L. Smith and Robert C. Murphy -- Sphingolipids / Alfred H. Merrill, Jr. -- Cholesterol biosynthesis / Laura Liscum -- Metabolism and function of bile acids / Luis B. Agellon -- Lipid assembly into cell membranes / Dennis R. Voelker -- Lipoprotein structure / Ana Jonas and Michael C. Phillips -- Assembly and secretion of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins / Jean E. Vance and Khosrow Adeli -- Dynamics of lipoprotein transport in the circulatory system / Christopher J. Fielding and Phoebe E. Fielding -- Lipoprotein receptors / Wolfgang J. Schneider -- Lipids and atherosclerosis / Ira Tabas.
  • A role for vitamin A in living organisms has been known throughout human history. In the last 100 years, the biochemical nature of vitamin A and its active derivative, retinoic acid, its physiological impact on growth processes and the essential details of its mechanism of action have been revealed by investigations carried out by researchers using vertebrate and more recently invertebrate models to study a multiplicity of processes and conditions, encompassing embryogenesis, postnatal development to old age. A wealth of intercellular interactions, intracellular signaling systems and molecular mechanisms have been described and the overall conclusion is that retinoic acid is essential for life. This book series, with chapters authored by experts in every aspect of this complex field, unifies the knowledge base and mechanisms currently known in detailed, engaging, well-illustrated, focused chapters that synthesize information for each specific area. In view of the recent explosion in this field, it is timely to publish a contemporary, comprehensive, book series recapitulating the most exciting developments in the field and covering fundamental research in molecular mechanisms of vitamin A action, its role in physiology, development and continued well-being and the potential of vitamin A derivatives and synthetic mimetics to serve as therapeutic treatments for cancers and other debilitating human diseases. VOLUME I: Here, we present the first volume of a multi-volume series on Retinoic Acid Signaling that will cover all aspects of this broad and diverse field. One aim of Volume I is to present a compilation of topics related to the biochemistry of nuclear retinoic acid receptors, from their architecture when bound to DNA and associated with their coregulators to their ability to regulate target gene transcription. A second aim is to provide insight into recent advances that have been made in identifying novel targets and non-genomic effects of retinoic acid. Volume I is divided into ten chapters contributed by prominent experts in their respective fields. Each chapter starts with the history of the area of research. Then, the key findings that contributed to development of the field are described, followed by a detailed look at key findings and progress that are being made in current, ongoing research. Each chapter is concluded with a discussion of the relevance of the research and a perspective on missing pieces and lingering gaps that the author recommends will be important in defining future directions in vitamin A research.
  • The regulation of gene expression -- The regulation of enzyme activity -- Structure and function of signal pathways -- Signaling by nuclear receptors -- G protein-coupled signal transmission pathways -- Intracellular messenger substance : second messengers -- Ser/Thr-specific protein kinases and protein phosphates -- Signal transmission via transmembrane receptors with tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity -- Signal transmission via ras proteins -- Intracellular signal transduction : the protein cascades of the MAP kinase pathways -- Membrane receptors with associated tyrosine kinase activity -- Other receptor classes -- Regulation of the cell cycle -- Malfunction of signaling pathways and tumorigenesis : oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes -- Apoptosis.
  • Biochemistry. 3rd ed. 2011
    Carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids : metabolic fuels and biosynthetic precursors -- Proteins and enzymes -- Membrane biochemistry and signal transduction -- Nutrition -- Generation of energy from dietary fuels -- Carbohydrate metabolism -- Lipid metabolism -- Nitrogen metabolism -- Integration of metabolism -- Nucleotide synthesis and metabolism -- Organization, synthesis, and repair of DNA -- Gene expression -- DNA technology -- Common laboratory values.
  • Biochemistry. 5th ed. 2002
    NCBI Bookshelf
  • Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd Edition, is the essential guide to the modification and cross linking of biomolecules for use in research, diagnostics, and therapeutics. It provides highly detailed information on the chemistry, reagent systems, and practical applications for creating labeled or conjugate molecules. It also describes dozens of reactions, with details on hundreds of commercially available reagents and the use of these reagents for modifying or crosslinking peptides and proteins, sugars and polysaccharides, nucleic acids and oligonucleotides, lipids, and synthetic polymers. *Offers a one-stop source for proven methods and protocols for synthesizing bioconjugates in the lab *Provides step-by-step presentation makes the book an ideal source for researchers who are less familiar with the synthesis of bioconjugates *Features full color illustrations *Includes a more extensive introduction into the vast field of bioconjugation and one of the most thorough overviews of immobilization chemistry ever presented.
  • Theory of organelle biogenesis : a historical perspective / Barbara M. Mullock and J. Paul Luzio -- Protein coats as mediators of intracellular sorting and organelle biogenesis / Chris Mullins -- The role of proteins and lipids in organelle biogenesis in the secretory pathway / Thomas F.J. Martin -- Endoplasmic reticulum biogenesis : proliferation and differentiation / Erik Snapp -- The golgi apparatus : structure, function and cellular dynamics / Nihal Altan-Bonnet and Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz -- Lysosome biogenesis and dynamics / Diane McVey Ward, Shelly L. Shiflett and Jerry Kaplan -- Nucleogenesis / Sui Huang -- Mitochondrial biogenesis / Danielle Leuenberger, Sean P. Curran and Carla M. Koehler -- The biogenesis and cell biology of peroxisomes in human health and disease / Stanley R. Terlecky and Paul A. Walton.
  • Clinical Bioinformatics in Human Proteomics Research / Duojiao Wu, Haihao Li -- Proteomics Defines Protein Interaction Network of Signaling Pathways / Shitao Li -- Protein Function Microarrays: Design, Use and Bioinformatic Analysis in Cancer Biomarker Discovery and Quantitation / Jessica Duarte, Jean-Michel Serufuri, Nicola Mulder -- Proteomics and Cancer Research / Elena Lopez Villar -- Toward Development of Novel Peptide-Based Cancer Therapeutics: Computational Design and Experimental Evaluation / Elena Pirogova, Taghrid Istivan -- Advances in Proteomic Methods / Xianyin Lai -- Clinical and Biomedical Mass Spectrometry: New Frontiers in Drug Developments and Diagnosis / Ákos Végvári, Melinda Rezeli -- Disease Biomarkers: Modelling MR Spectroscopy and Clinical Applications / Luis Martí-Bonmati -- Processing of Mass Spectrometry Data in Clinical Applications / Dario Di Silvestre, Pietro Brunetti, Pier Luigi Mauri -- Bioinformatics Approach for Finding Target Protein in Infectious Disease / Hemant Ritturaj Kushwaha, Indira Ghosh -- Identification of Network Biomarkers for Cancer Diagnosis / Jiajia Chen, Luonan Chen -- Software Development for Quantitative Proteomics Using Stable Isotope Labeling / Xin Huang, Shi-Jian Ding -- Clinical Translation of Protein Biomarkers Integrated with Bioinformatics / Xu Yang, Juanjuan Zhou, Chaoqin Du -- Proteomic Approaches for Urine Biomarker Discovery in Bladder Cancer / Ming-Hui Yang, Yu-Chang Tyan -- Antibody Microarrays and Multiplexing / Jerry Zhou, Larissa Belov, Nicola Armstrong -- Proteomics in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine / Ornella Piazza, Giuseppe De Benedictis.
  • ch. 1. Inorganic chemistry essentials -- ch. 2. Biochemistry fundamentals -- ch. 3. Instrumental and computer-based methods -- ch. 4. Iron containing oxygen carriers and their synthetic models -- ch. 5. Copper Enzymes -- ch. 6. The Enzyme nitrogenase -- ch. 7. Metals in medicine.
  • ch. 1. Inorganic chemistry essentials -- ch. 2. Biochemistry fundamentals -- ch. 3. Instrumental methods -- ch. 4. Computer hardware, software, and computational chemistry methods -- ch. 5 Group I and II metals in biological systems : homeostasis and group I biomolecules -- ch. 6. Group I and II metals in biological systems : group II -- ch. 7. Iron-containing proteins and enzymes.
  • Biological DNA Sensor defines the meaning of DNA sensing pathways and demonstrates the importance of the innate immune responses induced by double stranded DNA (dsDNA) through its influencing functions in disease pathology and immune activity of adjuvants for vaccines. Though discussed in specific subsections of existing books, dsDNA and its immunogenic properties has never received the complete treatment given in this book. Biological DNA Sensor approaches the impact of dsDNA's immunogenicity on disease and vaccinology holistically. It paints a complete and concise picture on the topic so you can understand this area of study and make more informed choices for your respective research needs. Chapters are authored by researchers who are renowned for their research focus, ensuring that this book provides the most complete views on the topics. Multi-authored by a distinguished panel of world-class expertsIdeal source of information for those wanting to learn about DNA sensingProvides in-depth explanations of DNA sensing pathways and the innate immune system, bridging the gap between them
  • Biology of serpins. 1st ed. 2011
  • This book fills in a gap in the NO literature. Recent progress in the field of NO-biology shows that NO is generated within distinct cell compartments, including specific plasma membrane regions, mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, the Golgi-complex and intracellular membrane systems. NO synthesis plays specific roles in these compartments and, in turn, cell organelles also control intracellular NO levels. This monograph focuses on the roles played by the subcellular NO-signaling microdomains in the prokaryote-, fungus-, plant- and animal cells and shows how NO behaves as an intracellular signal in distinct cellular environments. This monograph also provides a summary of our knowledge on how NO synthesis came through evolution to be associated with organelles and subcellular compartments. Promotes the novel ideas that some functions of NO and its associations with subcellular units have been conserved during the evolution of the cell. A special chapter is dedicated to the biomedical relevance of subcellular NO synthesis, and this chapter also discusses the evidence that altered compartmentalization of NO-producing enzymes causes disease.
  • When quantum mechanics was first proposed a century ago, nobody could have anticipated how deeply it would affect our lives. Today, we are connected and powered through devices whose existence is predicated on the basic principles of this strange physics. Not even the biological sciences have escaped its reach. As scientists query the deepest mysteries of the living world, the physical scales probed and the types of questions asked are increasingly blurring the lines between biology and physics. The hybrid field of biophysics represents the new frontier of the 21st century. The ribosome has been at the heart of three Nobel Prizes. Understanding its essential nature and how it interacts with other proteins and nucleic acids to control protein synthesis has been one of the central foundations in our understanding of the biology at the molecular level. With the advent of atomic scale structures, methods to visualize and separate individual molecules, and the computational power to model the complex interactions of over a million atoms at once, our understanding of how gene expression is controlled at the level of protein translation is now deeply ensconced in the biophysical realm. This book provides a premier resource to a wide audience, whether it be the general reader seeking a broad view of the field, a clinician interested in the role of protein translation in human disease, the bench researcher looking for state-of-the-art technologies, or computational scientists involved in cutting edge molecular modeling.
  • 1. Biological molecules -- 2. Spectroscopy -- 3. Mass spectrometry -- 4. Hydrodynamics -- 5. Thermodynamics and interactions -- 6. Kinetics -- 7. Chromatography and electrophoresis -- 8. Imaging -- 9. Single molecules.
  • pt. B, 2009 ScienceDirect
  • "Discussing the role of plasma proteins in current biotechnology, this book describes the protein composition of human plasma, the fractionation of plasma to obtain therapeutic proteins, and the analysis of these products. It delineates the path from plasma products to recombinant products, and highlights products from albumin, intravenous immunoglobins, and coagulation. It offers a comprehensive review of current techniques for the analysis of proteins including electrophoresis, chromatography, spectrophotometry, and mass spectrometry as well as updates not published since 1975"--Provided by publisher.
  • Biothermodynamics. Part A-D. 1st ed. pt. A-D, 2009-11.
    pt. B, 2009 ScienceDirect
    pt. C, 2011 ScienceDirect
    pt. D, 2011 ScienceDirect
  • The administration of intravenous fluids is one of the most common and important therapeutic practices in the treatment of surgical, medical and critically ill patients. The international literature accordingly contains a vast number of works on fluid management, yet there is still confusion as to the best options in the various situations encountered in clinical practice.The purpose of this volume is to help the decision-making process by comparing different solution properties describing their indications, mechanisms of action and side-effects according to physiologic body water distribution, electrolytic and acid-base balance, and to clarify which products available on the market represent the best choice in different circumstances. The book opens by discussing in detail the concepts central to a sound understanding of abnormalities in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and the effect of intravenous fluid administration. In the second part of the monograph, these concepts are used to explain the advantages and disadvantages of solutions available on the market in different clinical settings. Body Fluid Management: From Physiology to Therapy will serve as an invaluable decision-making guide, including for those who are not experts in the subject.
  • Overview of resistance to systemic therapy in patients with breast cancer / Ana Maria Gonzalez-Angulo, Flavia Morales-Vasquez and Gabriel N. Hortobagyi -- Roles of multidrug resistance genes in breast cancer chemoresistance / M. Tien Kuo -- Therapy-induced apoptosis in primary tumors / David J. McConkey -- Cell cycle deregulation in breast cancer: insurmountable chemoresistance or achilles' heel? / Laura Lambert and Khandan Keyomarsi -- p53, BRCA1 and breast cancer chemoresistance / Kimberly A. Scata and Wafik S. El-Deiry -- Integrin-mediated adhesion: tipping the balance between chemosensitivity and chemoresistance / Mary M. Zutter -- Insulin-like growth factors and breast cancer therapy / Xianke Zeng and Douglas Yee -- EGF receptor in breast cancer chemoresistance / Robert B. Dickson and T.B. Deb -- Molecular mechanisms of ErbB2-mediated breast cancer chemoresistance / Ming Tan and Dihua Yu -- Estrogen receptors in resistance to hormone therapy / Matthew H. Herynk and Suzanne A.W. Fuqua -- Novel approaches for chemosensitization of breast cancer cells: the E1A story / Yong Liao, Dihua Yu and Mien-Chie Hung.
  • Calcium signaling 2012
    "This volume ... [explores] topics ranging from the fundamental aspects of calcium signaling to its varied clinical implications. It presents comprehensive discussion of cutting-edge research alongside detailed analysis of critical issues, at the same time as setting out testable hypotheses that point the way to future scientific endeavors. The contributions feature material on theoretical and methodological topics as well as related subjects including mathematical modeling and simulations. They examine calcium signaling in a host of contexts, from mammalian cells to oocytes, zebrafish and plants. With much of interest to newcomers to the field as well as seasoned experts, this new publication is both wide-ranging and authoritative." --Excerpt from publisher's description.
  • Ryanodine and Inositol Trisphosphate Receptors/Ca2+ Release Channels in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Lin Mei, Yun-Min Zheng, and Yong-Xiao Wang -- Kv7 (KCNQ) Potassium Channels and L-type Calcium Channels in the Regulation of Airway Diameter / Kenneth L. Byron, Lioubov I. Brueggemann, Priyanka P. Kakad, and Jennifer M. Haick -- Transient Receptor Potential and Orai Channels in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Jun-Hua Xiao, Yong-Xiao Wang, and Yun-Min Zheng -- Large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels / Hiroaki Kume -- Calcium-activated Chloride Channels / George Gallos and Charles W. Emala Sr. -- Local Calcium Signaling in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Quing-Hua Liu, Carlo Savoia, Yong-Xiao Wang -- Regulation of Airway Smooth Muscle Contraction by Ca2+ Signaling: Physiology Revealed by Microscopy Studies of Lung Slices / Michael J. Sanderson -- Temporal Aspects of Ca2+ Signaling in Airway Myocytes / Etienne Roux -- Mechanisms Underlying Ca2+ Store Refilling in Airway Smooth Muscle / Charlotte K. Billington, Ian P. Hall, and Carl P. Nelson -- Novel Mechanisms in Ca2+-homeostasis and Internal Store Refilling of Airway Smooth Muscle / Luke J. Janssen -- The Role of Mitochondria in Calcium Regulation in Airway Smooth Muscle / Philippe Delmotte, Li Jia, and Gary C. Sieck -- Role of Caveolae in the Airway / Christina M. Pabelick, Brij B. Singh, and Y.S. Prakash -- CD38 : Cyclic ADP-ribose-mediated Calcium Signaling in Airway Myocytes /Deepak A. Deshpande, Alonso Guedes, Mythili Dileepan, Timothy F. Walseth, and Mathur S. Kannan -- The Pathways and Signaling Cross-talk with Oxidant in Calcium Influx in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Lei Cai and Quinghua Hu -- Role of RhoA/Rho-kinase and Calcium Sensitivity in Airway Smooth Muscle Functions / Satoru Ito -- Role of Integrins in the Regulation of Calcium Signaling / Thai Tran and Chun Ming Teoh -- Sex Steroid Signaling in the Airway / Y.S. Prakash, Venkatachalem Sathish, and Elizabeth A. Townsend -- Regulation of Contractility in Immature Airway Smooth Muscle / Y.S. Prakash, Christina M. Pabelick, and Richard J. Martin -- Mathematical Modeling of Calcium Dynamics in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / James Sneyd, Pengxing Cao, Xiahui Tan, and Michael J. Sanderson -- Effects of Inflammatory Cytokines on Ca2+ Homeostasis in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells / Hisako Matsumoto -- Ca2+ Signaling and P2 Receptors in Airway Smooth Muscle / Luis M. Montaño, Edgar Flores-Soto, and Carlos Barajas-López -- Calcium Signaling in Airway Smooth Muscle Remodeling / Tengyao Song, Yun-min Zheng, and Yong-Xiao Wang -- Regulation of Intracellular Calcium by Bitter Taste Receptors on Airway Smooth Muscle / Deepak A. Deshpande and Stephen B. Liggett -- Modulation of Airway Smooth Muscle Contractile Function by TNFa and IL-13 and Airway Hyper-responsiveness in Asthma / Yassine Amrani -- Airway Smooth Muscle Malfunction in COPD / Yunchao Su.
  • Calcium-binding protein protocols v. 1-2, 2002.
    Springer Protocols
    v. 2, 2002 Springer Protocols
    v. 1. Reviews and case studies -- v. 2. Methods and techniques.
  • Proteomics technologies -- Cell signaling proteomics -- Tumor proteomics -- Bioinformatics and regulatory aspects of proteomics.
  • ch. 1. Synthetic methodologies / Chikako Saotome, Osamu Kanie -- ch. 2. Complex carbohydrate synthesis / Makoto Kiso, Hideharu Ishida, Hiromune Ando -- ch. 3. The chemistry of sialic acid / Geert-Jan Boons, Alexei V. Demchenko -- ch. 4. Solid-phase oligosaccharide synthesis / Peter H. Seeberger -- ch. 5. Solution and polymer-supported synthesis of carbohydrates / Shin-Ichiro Nishimura -- ch. 6. Enzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides / Jianbo Zhang, Jun Shao, Prezemk Kowal, Peng George Wang -- ch. 7. Glycopeptides and glycoproteins : synthetic chemistry and biology / Oliver Seitz -- ch. 8. Synthesis of complex carbohydrates : Everninomicin 13,384-1 / K. C. Nicolaou, Helen J. Mitchell, Scott A. Snyder -- ch. 9. Chemical synthesis of asparagine-linked glycoprotein oligosaccharides : recent examples / Yukishige Ito, Ichiro Matsuo -- ch. 10. Chemistry and biochemistry of asparagine-linked protein glycosylation / Barbara Imperiali, Vincent W.-F. Tai -- ch. 11. Conformational analysis of C-glycosides and related compounds : programming conformational profiles of C- and O-glycosides / Peter G. Goekjian, Alexander Wei, Yoshito Kishi -- ch. 12. Synthetic lipid A antagonists for sepsis treatment / William J. Christ, Lynn D. Hawkins, Michael D. Lewis, Yoshito Kishi -- ch. 13. Polysialic acid vaccines / Harold J. Jennings -- ch. 14. Synthetic carbohydrate-based vaccines / Stacy J. Keding, Samuel J. Danishefsky -- ch. 15. Chemistry, biochemistry, and pharmaceutical potentials of glycosaminoglycans and related saccharides / Tasneem Islam, Robert J. Linhardt -- ch. 16. A new generation of antithrombotics based on synthetic oligosaccharides / Maurice Petitou, Jean-Marc Herbert -- ch. 17. Sequencing of oligosaccharides and glycoproteins / Stuart M. Haslam, Kay-Hooi Khoo, Anne Dell -- ch. 18. Preparation of heterocyclic 2-deoxystreptamine aminoglycoside analogues and characterization of their interaction with RNAs by use of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry / Richard H. Griffey, Steven A. Hofstadler, Eric E. Swayze -- ch. 19. Glycosylation analysis of a recombinant P-selectin antagonist by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed electrochemical detection (HPAEC/PED) / Mark R. Hardy, Richard J. Cornell -- ch. 20. Analytical techniques for the characterization and sequencing of glycosaminoglycans / Ram Sasisekharan, Zachary Shriver, Mallik Sundaram, Ganesh Venkataraman -- ch. 21. Thermodynamic models of the multivalency effect / Pavel I. Kitov, David R. Bundle -- ch. 22. Synthetic multivalent carbohydrate ligands as effectors or inhibitors of biological processes / Laura L. Kiessling, Jason K. Pontrello, Michael C. Schuster -- ch. 23. Glycosyltransferase inhibitors / Karl-Heinz Jung, Richard R. Schmidt -- ch. 24. RNA-aminoglycoside interactions / Haim Weizman, Yitzhak Tor -- ch. 25. Glycosylated natural products / Jon S. Thorson, Thomas Vogt -- ch. 26. Novel enzymatic mechanisms in the biosynthesis of unusual sugars / Alexander Wong, Xuemei He, Hung-Wen Liu -- ch. 27. Neoglycolipids : identification of functional carbohydrate epitopes / Ten Feizi, Alexander M. Lawson, Wengang Chai -- ch. 28. A preamble to aglycone reconstruction for membrane-presented glycolipid mimics / Murugesapillai Mylvaganam, Clifford A. Lingwood -- ch. 29. Small molecule inhibitors of the sulfotransferases / Dawn E. Verdugo, Lars C. Pedersen, Carolyn R. Bertozzi -- ch. 30. Carbohydrate-based treatment of cancer metastasis / Reiji Kannagi -- ch. 31. N-acetylneuraminic acid derivatives and mimetics as anti-influenza agents / Robin Thomson, Mark Von Itzstein -- ch. 32. Modified and modifying sugars as a new tool for the development of therapeutic agents : the biochemically engineered N-acyl side chain of sialic acid : biological implications and possible uses in medicine / Rüdiger Horstkorte, Oliver T. Keppler, Werner Reutter -- ch.33 . Modified and modifying sugars as a new tool for the development of therapeutic agents : glycosidated phospholipids as a new type of antiproliferative agents / Kerstin Danker, Annette Fischer, Werner Reutter -- ch. 34. Glycoside primers and inhibitors of glycosylation / Jillian R. Brown, Mark M. Fuster, Jeffrey D. Esko -- ch. 35. Carbohydrate-based drug discovery in the battle against bacterial infections : new opportunities arising from programmable one-pot oligosaccharide synthesis / Thomas K. Ritter, Prof. Dr. Chi-Huey Wong.
  • 1. Basics in carbohydrate chemistry / Heinrich Hühnerfuss -- 2. Glycoconjugates : a brief overview / Peter Grunwald -- 3. Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in recognition processes / Thisbe K. Lindhorst -- 4. Glycoside hydrolases / Motomitsu Kitaoka -- 5. Disaccharide phosphorylases : mechanistic diversity and application in the glycosciences / Christiane Luley-Goedl and Bernd Nidetzky -- 6. Enzymatic and chemoenzymatic synthesis of nucleotide sugars : novel enzymes, novel substrates, novel products, and novel routes / Leonie Engels and Lothar Elling -- 7. Iteratively acting glycosyltransferases / Marta Luzhetska and Andreas Bechthold -- 8. Bacterial glycosyltransferases involved in molecular mimicry of mammalian glycans / Warren Wakarchuk -- 9. Sulfotransferases and sulfatases : sulfate modification of carbohydrates / Eli Chapman and Sarah R. Hanson -- 10. Glycosylation in health and disease / Peter Grunwald -- 11. Sialic acid derivatives, analogues, and mimetics as biological probes and inhibitors of sialic acid recognizing proteins / Joe Tiralongo and Thomas Haselhorst -- 12. Enzymes of the carbohydrate metabolism and catabolism for chemoenzymatic syntheses of complex oligosaccharides / Julian Thimm and Joachim Thiem -- 13. From gene to product : tailor-made oligosaccharides and polysaccharides by enzyme and substrate engineering / Jürgen Seibel -- 14. Synthesis and modification of carbohydrates via metabolic pathway engineering in microorganisms / Xian-wei Liu ... [et al.] -- 15. Metabolic pathway engineering for hyaluronic acid production / Esteban Marcellin, Wendy Y. Chen, and Lars K. Nielsen -- 16. Microbial rhamnolipids / Markus M. Müller ... [et al.] -- 17. Chitin-converting enzymes / Karin Moss ... [et al.] -- 18. Linear and cyclic oligosaccharides / Hajime Taniguchi -- 19. Fungal degradation of plant oligo- and polysaccharides / Ronald P. de Vries ... [et al.] -- 20. Bacterial strategies for plant cell degradation and their genomic information / Yutaka Tamaru and Roy H. Doi -- 21. Design of efficient multienzymatic reactions for cellulosic biomass processing / Anne S. Meyer.
  • The study of carbonic anhydrase has spanned multiple generations of scientists. Carbonic anhydrase was first discovered in 1932 by Meldrum and Roughton. Inhibition by sulfanilamide was shown in 1940 by Mann and Keilin. Even Hans Krebs contributed to early studies with a paper in 1948 showing the relationship of 25 different sulfonamides to CA inhibition. It was he who pointed out the importance of both the charged and uncharged character of these compounds for physiological experiments. The field of study that focuses on carbonic anhydrase (CA) has exploded in recent years with the identification.
  • The processes of adaptation and maladaptation play an important role in the pathogeny of serious cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, valvular diseases, congenital heart disease, myocardial infarction and different cardiomyopathies as well as during adaptation to exercise and high altitude hypoxia. This volume incorporates the rapidly developing basic and clinically relevant information on adaptive mechanisms, thereby contributing to the better understanding of possible prevention and therapy of life-threatening cardiovascular diseases. The first section of this volume focuses on developmental aspects of cardiac adaptation, including chapters on comparative and molecular aspects of cardiac development, prenatal and postnatal developments, coronary vascular development, and ontogenetic adaptation to hypoxia, as well as cardiac and arterial adaptation during aging. The second section is devoted to cardiac adaptations to overload on the heart, centered around the mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy due to pressure overload, volume overload, exercise, gender difference, high altitude, and different pathological situations. The third section of this volume highlights the roles of sympathetic nervous system with respect to [alpha]-adrenoceptor and [beta]-adrenoceptor mechanisms in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac Adaptations will be of great value to cardiovascular investigators, who will find this book highly useful in their cardiovascular studies for finding solutions in diverse pathological conditions; it will also appeal to students, fellows, scientists, and clinicians interested in cardiovascular abnormalities.
  • Cardiac fibrosis and heart failure-- cause or effect? -- Fibroblast activation in the infarcted myocardium -- Mechanical and matrix regulation of valvular fibrosis -- Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells, micro-RNA, and fibrosis -- The stressful life of cardiac myofibroblasts -- Pathogenic origins of fibrosis in the hypertensive heart disease that accompnaies aldosternoism -- Embryological origin of valve progenitor cells -- Diverse cellular origin of valve progenitor cells -- Diverse cellular origins of cardiac fibroblasts -- Non-canonical regulation of TGF-β1 signaling: a role for Ski/Sno and YAP/TAZ -- Molecular mechanisms of smooth muscle and fibroblast phenotype conversions in the failing heart -- Current and future strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac fibrosis -- Remodelling of the cardiac extracellular matrix: role of collagen degradation and accumulation in pathogenesis of heart failure -- Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) -- Collagen processing and its role in fibrosis -- Mechanisms of cardiac fibrosis and heart failure -- Mathematical simulations of sphingosine-1-phosphate actions on mammalian ventricular myofibroblasts and myocytes -- Extracellular matrix and cardiac disease: surgical and scientific perspectives -- The role or neurohumoral activation in cardiac fibrosis and heart failure -- Natriuretic peptides: critical regulators of cardiac fibroblasts and the extracellular matrix in the heart -- Cardiac tissue engineering for the treatment of heart failure post-infarction -- Mechanisms in cardiac valve failure and the development of tissue engineered heart valves -- Index.
  • Hepatic retinoid metabolism : what is known and what is not / Jason J. Yuen, Jian Zhang Yang and William S. Blaner -- Metabolism of vitamin A in white adipose tissue and obesity / Shanmugam M. Jeyakumar ... [et al.] -- Retinoids in the treatment of psoriasis / Neil Borkar, Alan Menter -- Age-related macular degeneration and carotenoids / Nilesh Kalariya, Werner G. Siems, Frederik van Kuijk -- Lutein, zeaxanthin and vision across the lifespan / Billy R. Hammond, Jr. -- Assuring vitamin A adequacy to prevent eye and ear disorders / Tripper Sauer, Susan Emmett, Keith P. West, Jr. -- Disturbed accumulation and abnormal distribution of macular pigment in retinal disorders / Tos TJM Berendschot, Peter Charbel Issa, Thomas Theelen -- Retinol and otitis media / Akeem Olawale Lasisi -- Carotenoids and mutagenesis / P. M. Eckl ... [et al.] -- Carotenoids and vitamin A in lung cancer prevention / Anita Ratnasari Iskandar, Xiang-Dong Wang -- Is the effect of [Beta]-carotene on prostate cancer cells dependent on their androgen sensitivity? / Joanna Dulinska-Litewka ... [et al.] -- Carotenoid intake and supplementation in cancer : pro and con / W.G. Siems ... [et al.] -- Vitamin A in lung development and function / Hans-Konrad Biesalski -- Vitamin A and carotenoids in lung diseases / Olaf Sommerburg, Werner Siems -- Chemopreventive effects of astaxanthin on inflammatory bowel disease and inflammation-related colon carcinogenesis / Masashi Hosokawa, Yumiko Yasui -- Carotenoids in laboratory medicine / Ingolf Schimke, Michael Vogeser -- Supply of vitamin A in developing countries / Klaus Kraemer -- Vitamin A intakes are below recommendations in a significant proportion of the population in the western world / Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Barbara Trösch, Petra Weber -- Critical appraisal of vitamin A supplementation program in India / Dechenla Tshering Bhutia, Saskia De Pee -- Consequences of common genetic variations on SS-carotene cleavage for vitamin A supply / Georg Lietz, Anthony Oxley, Christine Boesch-Saadatmandi.
  • "Carotenoids are of great interest due to their essential biological functions in both plants and animals. However, the properties and functions of carotenoids in natural systems are surprisingly complex. With an emphasis on the chemical aspects of these compounds, Carotenoids: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties presents a broad overview and recent developments with respect to understanding carotenoid structure, electronic and photochemical properties, and the use of novel analytical methods in the detection and characterization of carotenoids and their actions. The text also explores LC/MS and LC/MS/MS techniques as well as new applications of PCR and molecular biology methodologies"--Book jacket.
  • Through the use of extended graphical abstracts and some traditional text-only abstracts this collection provides, a record of and roadmap to, the research presented at The Tenth International Catecholamine Symposium (XICS) held in September of 2012. Organized around ten general themes, each is introduced by a short overview identifying interesting research programs, results and potential areas of growth. The collection is a roadmap to key research and future opportunities for new catecholamine research programs and will be of interest to neuroscientists and clinical neurologists interested in understanding the current and future state of catecholamine research..
  • Lipid rafts, caveolae, and GPI linked proteins / Valerie L. Reeves, Candice M. Thomas, and Eric J. Smart -- Caveolae and the regulation of endocytosis / Anna L. Kiss -- Caveolin : role in cell signaling / Cecile Boscher and Ivan Robert Nabi -- Regulation of ENOS in caveolae / Chieko Mineo and Philip W. Shaul -- Recent developments in the interactions between caveolin and pathogens / Fabiana S. Machado ... [et al.] -- Caveolin and breast cancer : a new clinical perspective / Isabelle Mercier and Michael P. Lisanti -- Caveolin and prostate cancer progression / Michael R. Freeman, Wei Yang, and Dolores Di Vizio -- Caveolins and caveolae, roles in insulin signalling, and diabetes / Peter Strolfors -- Atherosclerosis, caveolae, and caveolin / Stephanos Pavlides ... [et al.] -- Caveolins and heart diseases / Mathivadhani Panneerselvam, Hemal H. Patel, and David M. Roth -- Caveolins and lung function / Nikolaos A. Maniatis ... [et al.].
  • 1. A Recent Breakthrough in the CCN Field: Functional Interactions Between CCN2 and CCN3 are Uncovered / Bernard Perbal -- 2. Report on the Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes / A. E. Irvine, B. Perbal, and H. Yeger -- 3. Asking the Right Questions: What Can the Structure of the CCN Protein Domains Tell Us? / Kenneth P. Holbourn, Bernard Perbal, and K. Ravi Acharya -- 4. Nucleophosmin/B23: A Multifunctional Regulator that Determines the Fate of CCN2 mRNA / Satoshi Kubota, Yoshiki Mukudai, Harumi Kawaki, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Tsuyoshi Shimo, and Masaharu Takigawa -- 5. The CCN Genes as the “Master” Regulators of Angiogenesis, Vasculogenesis, Fibrogenesis and Cell Differentiation/Fate Specification in Mechanical Force-Driven Developmental Processes and Pathological Events / Mary Hanna and Brahim Chaqour -- 6. A Monoclonal Antibody Approach to CCN5 Domain Analysis / Lan Wei, Frank McKeon, Joshua W. Russo, Joan Lemire, and John Castellot -- 7. Matricellular Protein CCN2 Produced by Tubular Epithelial Cells Plays a Pivotal Role in Renal Fibrogenesis / Hirokazu Okada, Tsutomu Inoue, and Hiromichi Suzuki -- 8. Cooperative Regulation of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation by CCN2 and CCN3 / Masaharu Takigawa, Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, and Bernard Perbal -- 9. The Role of CCN3 in Mesenchymal Stem Cells / Ken-Ichi Katsube -- 10. Role of Connective Tissue Growth Factor in Cardiac Fibrosis / Daiji Kawanami, Saptarsi M. Haldar, and Mukesh K. Jain -- 11. Gene Expression of CCN Family Members in Young and Aged Human Skin In Vivo / Taihao Quan, Sharon Shin, Zhaoping Qin, and Gary J. Fisher -- 12. Global Expression Profiling Reveals a Role for CTGF/CCN2 in Lactogenic Differentiation of Mouse Mammary Epithelial Cells / Weihan Wang, Cynthia Jose, Nicholas Kenney, Bethanie Morrison, and Mary Lou Cutler -- 13. CCN3 (NOV): A Negative Regulator of CCN2 (CTGF) Activity and an Endogenous Inhibitor of Fibrosis in Experimental Diabetic Nephropathy / Bruce. L. Riser, Feridoon Najmabadi, Bernard Perbal, Jo Ann Rambow, Melisa L. Riser, Ernest Sukowski, Herman Yeger, Sarah C. Riser, and Darryl R. Peterson -- 14. Inhibitors of Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CCN2)-Mediated Fibrogenesis: Underlying Mechanisms and Prospects for Anti-fibrotic Therapy / David R. Brigstock -- 15. CCN3 Promotes Melanoma Progression by Regulating Integrin Expression, Adhesion and Apoptosis Induced by Cytotoxic Drugs / Viviana Vallacchi, Maria Daniotti, Annamaria De Filippo, Licia Rivoltini, Bernard Perbal, and Monica Rodolfo -- 16. CCN3: A NOVel Growth Factor in Leukaemia / Lynn McCallum and Alexandra E Irvine -- 17. Prognostic Relevance of CCN3 in Bone Sarcomas / Bernard Perbal, Noureddine Lazar, Diana Zambelli, Monia Zuntini, Massimo Serra, Jose Antonio Lopez-Guerrero, Antonio Llombart-Bosch, Piero Picci, and Katia Scotlandi -- 18. CCN6 Regulates Breast Cancer Growth and Invasion Through Modulation of IGF Signaling and Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition / Anupama Pal, Wei Huang, and Celina G. Kleer -- 19. Novel Transcriptional Regulation of CCN2/CTGF by Nuclear Translocation of MMP3 / Takanori Eguchi, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiki Mukudai, Junji Uehara, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Soichiro Ibaragi, Akira Sasaki, Takuo Kuboki, and Masaharu Takigawa -- Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes: Abstracts and Posters October 18-22, 2008.
  • Surveys the knowledge concerning the expression and function of stress proteins in different organisms, ranging from prokaryotes to humans. This book provides an overview of the diversity and complex evolutionary history of cell stress proteins and describes their function and expression in different eukaryote models.
  • Cellulases. 1st ed. 2012
    Cellulase refers to a class of enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze cellulolysis. This volume in the Methods in Enzymology series comprehensively covers this topic.
  • Chaperones 2006
  • This Brief provides a concise review of chaperonopathies, i.e., diseases in which molecular chaperones play an etiologic-pathogenic role. Introductory chapters deal with the chaperoning system and chaperoning teams and networks, HSP-chaperone subpopulations, the locations and functions of chaperones, and chaperone genes in humans. Other chapters present the chaperonopathies in general, including their molecular features and mechanistic classification into by defect, excess, or mistake. Subsequent chapters discuss the chaperonopathies in more detail, focusing on their distinctive characteristic.
  • At the forefront of life sciences today is the emerging discipline of chembiomolecular science. This new term describes the integration of the frontier fields of chemical biology, chemistry, and pharmacology. Chembiomolecular science aims to elucidate new biological mechanisms as potential drug targets and enhance the creation of new drug therapies. This book comprises the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2011, which focused on the most recent advances in chembiomolecular science made by leading experts in the field. The book is divided into three main topics. The first is the chemical approach to understanding complex biological systems on a molecular level using chemical compounds as a probe. The second describes the biological approach used to develop new lead drug compounds. The third focuses on the biological system that serves as the potential drug target, the beginning step in the process of developing new drugs. Replete with the latest research, the book will draw the attention of all scientists interested in the synergies between chemistry and biology to elucidate life on a molecular level and to promote drug discovery. Ultimately, the book helps promote the understanding of biological functions at the molecular level and create new pharmaceuticals that can contribute to improving human health.
  • "Natural products play crucial roles in modern drug development and constitute a prolific source of novel lead compounds or pharmacophores for ongoing drug discovery programs. Chemistry and Pharmacology of Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds presents cutting-edge research in the chemistry of bioactive natural products and demonstrates how natural product research continues to make significant contributions in the discovery and development of new medicinal entities."--Page [4] of cover.
  • This book puts hydrogen sulfide in context with other gaseous mediators such as nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, reviews the available mechanisms for its biosynthesis and describes its physiological and pathophysiological roles in a wide variety of disease states. Hydrogen sulfide has recently been discovered to be a naturally occurring gaseous mediator in the body. Over a relatively short period of time this evanescent gas has been revealed to play key roles in a range of physiological processes including control of blood vessel caliber and hence blood pressure and in the regulation of nerve function both in the brain and the periphery. Disorders concerning the biosynthesis or activity of hydrogen sulfide may also predispose the body to disease states such as inflammation, cardiovascular and neurological disorders. Interest in this novel gas has been high in recent years and many research groups worldwide have described its individual biological effects. Moreover, medicinal chemists are beginning to synthesize novel organic molecules that release this gas at defined rates with a view to exploiting these new compounds for therapeutic benefit.
  • Chemokine receptors 2007
  • Cholesterol-protein interaction: methods and cholesterol reporter molecules / G. Gimpl -- Cholesterol in Alzheimer's disease and other amyloidogenic disorders / J.R. Harris and N.G. Milton -- Cholesterol-binding viral proteins in virus entry and morphogenesis / C. Schroeder -- Sterol-protein interactions in cholesterol and bile acid synthesis / E. De Fabiani ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol oxidase: structure and function / A. Vrielink -- Oxysterol-binding proteins / N.D. Ridgway -- High density lipoprotein structure-function and role in reverse cholesterol transport / S. Lund-Katz and M.C. Phillips -- Lipoprotein modification and macrophage uptake: role of pathologic cholesterol transport in atherogenesis / Y.I. Miller ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol interaction with proteins that partition into membrane domains: an overview / R.M. Epand ... [et al.] -- Caveolin, sterol carrier protein-2, membrane cholesterol-rich microdomains and intracellular cholesterol trafficking / F. Schroeder ... [et al.] -- Cholesterol in Niemann-Pick type C disease / X. Bi and G. Liao -- Protein mediators of sterol transport across intestinal brush border membrane / J.M. Brown and L. Yu -- Cholesterol at the endoplasmic reticulum: Roles of the sigma-1 receptor chaperone and implications thereof in human diseases / T. Hayashi and T.P. Su -- Prominin-1: a distinct cholesterol-binding membrane protein and the organisation of the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells / D. Corbeil ... [et al.] -- Mammalian StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domains with specificity for cholesterol: Structural conservation and mechanism of reversible binding / P. Lavigne, R. Najmanivich and J.G. Lehoux -- Membrane cholesterol in the function and organization of G-protein coupled receptors / Y.D. Paila and A. Chattopadhyay -- Cholesterol effects on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor: cellular aspects / F.J. Barrantes -- Cholesterol and myelin biogenesis / G. Saher and M. Simons -- Cholesterol and ion channels / I. Levitan ... [et al.] -- The cholesterol-dependent cytolysin family of gram-positive bacterial toxins / A.P. Heuck, P.C. Moe and B.B. Johnson -- Cholesterol specificity of some heptameric beta-barrel pore-forming bacterial toxins: Structural and functional aspects / J.R. Harris and M. Palmer -- Cholesterol-binding toxins and anti-cholesterol antibodies as structural probes for cholesterol localization / Y. Ohno-Iwashita ... [et al.].
  • pt. B ScienceDirect
    pt. C ScienceDirect
  • Circadian clock 2010
  • pt. B ScienceDirect
    Two new volumes of Methods in Enzymology continue the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Circadian Rhythms and Biological Clocks Part A and Part B is an exceptional resource for anybody interested in the general area of circadian rhythms. As key elements of timekeeping are conserved in organisms across the phylogenetic tree, and our understanding of circadian biology has benefited tremendously from work done in many species, the volume provides a wide range of assays for different biological systems. Protocols are provided to assess clock function, entrainment of the clock to stimuli such as light and food, and output rhythms of behavior and physiology. This volume also delves into the impact of circadian disruption on human health. Contributions are from leaders in the field who have made major discoveries using the methods presented here.
  • The clinical biochemistry laboratory -- The use of the laboratory -- The interpretation of results -- Point of care testing -- Reference intervals -- Fluid and electrolyte balance : Concepts and vocabulary -- Water and sodium balance -- Hyponatraemia : pathophysiology -- Hyponatraemia : assessment and management -- Hypernatraemia -- Hyperkalaemia -- Hypokalaemia -- Intravenous fluid therapy -- Investigation of renal function (1) -- Investigation of renal function (2) -- Urinalysis -- Proteinuria -- Acute renal failure -- Chronic renal failure -- Acid-base : concepts and vocabulary -- Metabolic acid-base disorders -- Respiratory and mixed acid-base disorders -- Oxygen transport -- Acid-base disorders : diagnosis and management -- Proteins and enzymes -- Immunoglobulins -- Myocardial infarction -- Liver function tests -- Jaundice -- Liver disease -- Glucose metabolism and diabetes mellitus -- Diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes mellitus -- Diabetic ketoacidosis -- Hypoglycaemia -- Calcium regulation and hypocalcaemia -- Hypercalcaemia -- Phosphate and magnesium -- Bone disease -- Osteoporosis -- Endocrine control -- Dynamic function tests -- Pituitary function -- Growth disorders and acromegaly -- Thyroid pathophysiology -- Hypothyroidism -- Hyperthyroidism -- Adrenocortical pathophysiology -- Hypofunction of the adrenal cortex -- Hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex -- Gonadal function -- Subfertility -- Nutritional assessment -- Nutritional support -- Parenteral nutrition -- The metabolic response to injury -- Gastrointestinal disorders -- Iron -- Zinc and copper -- Therapeutic drug monitoring -- Toxicology -- Metal poisoning -- Alcohol -- Coma -- Ascites and pleural fluid -- Cerebrospinal and other body fluids -- Lipoprotein metabolism -- Clinical disorders of lipid metabolism -- Hypertension -- Cancer and its consequences -- Tumour markers -- Multiple endocrine neoplasia -- Hyperuricaemia -- Myopathy -- Biochemistry in the elderly -- Fetal monitoring and prenatal diagnosis -- Pregnancy -- Antenatal screening -- Screening the newborn for disease -- Paediatric biochemistry -- Inborn errors of metabolism -- Selected inherited disorders -- Case history comments -- Web resources.
  • Human plasma lipoprotein metabolism -- Regulation and clearance of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins -- Absorption and excretion of intestinal cholesterol and other sterols -- High-density lipoprotein metabolism -- Lipoproteins : mechanisms for atherogenesis and progression of atherothrombotic disease -- Impact of rare and common genetic variants on lipoprotein metabolism -- Lipoprotein oxidation : mechanisms and biotheranostic applications -- Cholesterol : concentration, ratio, and particle number -- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides in coronary heart disease risk assessment -- Lipoprotein(a) -- Clinical evaluation for genetic and secondary causes of dyslipidemia -- Use of high-sensitivity c-reactive protein for risk assessment -- Role of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 in vascular disease -- Emerging assays -- Imaging atherosclerosis for risk stratification by cardiac computed tomography or carotid ultrasound -- Overview of general approach to management of elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and mixed dyslipidemia, high triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol -- Treatment guidelines overview -- Dietary patterns for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease -- Exercise and lipids -- Weight loss -- Statins -- Bile acid sequestrants -- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors -- Niacin (nicotinic acid) -- Fibrates -- Omega-3 fatty acids -- Combination therapy for dyslipidemia -- Nutraceuticals and functional foods for cholesterol reduction -- Evolving targets of therapy : cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition -- Evolving targets of therapy : proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 inhibition -- Evolving targets of therapy : inflammation as a method to predict and prevent cardiovascular events -- Invasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : intravascular ultrasound -- Noninvasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : the role of ultrasound -- Noninvasive imaging modalities and atherosclerosis : the role of magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography imaging -- Special patient populations : diabetes and metabolic syndrome -- Special patient populations : women and elderly -- Special patient populations : children and adolescents -- Special patient populations : familial hypercholesterolemia and other severe hypercholesterolemias -- Special patient populations : acute coronary syndromes -- Special patient populations : transplant recipients -- Special patient populations : chronic kidney disease -- Special patient populations : lipid abnormalities in high-risk ethnic groups -- Special patient populations : human immunodeficiency virus patients -- Therapeutic targeting of high-density lipoprotein metabolism.
  • Basics -- Chemistry -- Physical Chemistry -- Biomolecules -- Carbohydrates -- Lipids -- Amino acids -- Peptides and proteins -- Nucleotides and nucleic acids -- Metabolism -- Enzymes -- Metabolic pathways -- Energy metabolism -- Carbohydrate metabolism -- Lipid metabolism -- Protein metabolism -- Nucleotide metabolism -- Porphyrin metabolism -- Cell organelles -- Basics -- Cytoskeleton -- Nucleus -- Mitochondria -- Membranes -- ER and Golgi apparatus -- Lysosomes -- Peroxisomes -- Molecular Genetics -- Overview -- Genome -- Chromatin -- Gennetic code -- Genetic engineering -- Tissues and organs -- Digestive system -- Blood -- Immune system -- Liver -- Adipose tissue -- Kidney -- Muscle -- Connective tissue -- Brain and sensory organs -- Integration of metabolism -- Nutrition -- Nutrients -- Vitamins -- Signaling systems -- Signal transduction -- Hormone systems -- Lipophilic signaling substances -- Hydrophilic signaling substances -- Growth and development -- Appendix.
  • This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers computational prediction RNA structure and dynamics, including such topics as computational modeling of RNA secondary and tertiary structures, riboswitch dynamics, and ion-RNA, ligand-RNA and DNA-RNA interactions.Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers computational methods and applications in RNA structure and dynamics.
  • Metabolic alterations of cancer cells / Marco Sciacovelli, Edoardo Gaude, Mika Hilvo, and Christian Frezza -- Autophagy and cancer metabolism / Juliet Goldsmith, Beth Levine, and Jayanta Debnath -- Regulation of cancer metabolism by oncogenes and tumor suppressors / Raffaella Iurlaro, Clara Lucía León-Annicchiarico, and Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo -- Cross talk between cell death regulation and metabolism / Simone Fulda -- Techniques to monitor glycolysis / Tara TeSlaa and Michael A. Teitell -- Measurement of enolase activity in cell lysates / Keigo Fukano and Kazuhiro Kimura / Extracellular flux analysis to monitor glycolytic rates and mitochondrial oxygen consumption / Martin Pelletier, Leah K. Billingham, Madhu Ramaswamy, and Richard M. Siegel -- Conventional techniques to monitor mitochondrial oxygen consumption / Hélène Simonnet, Arnaud Vigneron, and Jacques Pouysségur -- Use of safranin for the assessment of mitochondrial membrane potential by high-resolution respirometry and fluorometry / Gerhard Krumschnabel, Andrea Eigentler, Mario Fasching, and Erich Gnaiger -- Kinetic analysis of local oxygenation and respiratory responses of mammalian cells using intracellular oxygen-sensitive probes and time-resolved fluorometry / Alexander V. Zhdanov, Ruslan I. Dmietriev, James Hynes, and Dmitri B. Papkovsky -- Cell-based measurements of mitochondrial function in human subjects / Ju-Gyeong Kang, Ping-yuan Wang, and Paul M. Hwang -- Use of chemical probes to detect mitochondrial ROS by flow cytometry and spectrofluorometry / Jing Chen and Clayton E. Mathews -- Methods to monitor ROS production by fluorescence microscopy and fluorometry / Aleksandra Wojtala, Massimo Bonora, Dominika Malinska, Paolo Pinton, Jerzy Duszynski, and Mariusz R. Wieckowski -- Genetically encoded redox sensor / Wai Kan Chiu, Atif Towheed, and Michael J. Palladino -- Use of genetically encoded sensors to monitor cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio in living cells / Andrei I. Tarasov and Guy A. Rutter -- Methods to monitor and compare mitochondrial and glycolytic ATP production / Simone Patergnani, Federica Baldassari, Elena De Marchi, Agnieszka Karkucinska-Wieckowska, Mariusz R. Wieckowski, and Paolo Pinton -- Measurement of ADP-ATP exchange in relation to mitochondrial transmembrane potential and oxygen consumption / Christos Chinopoulos, Gergely Kiss, Hibiki Kawamata, and Anatoly A. Starkov -- Real-time assessment of the metabolic profile of living cells with genetically encoded NADH sensors / Yuzheng Zhao, Yi Yang, and Joseph Loscalzo -- 13C isotope-assisted methods for quantifying glutamine metabolism in cancer cells / Jie Zhang, Woo Suk Ahn, Paulo A. Gameiro, Mark A. Keibler, Zhe Zhang, and Gregory Stephanopoulos -- Measurement of fatty acid oxidation rates in animal tissues and cell lines / Frank K. Huynh, Michelle F. Green, Timothy R. Koves, and Matthew D. Hirschey -- Methods to assess lipid accumulation in cancer cells / Jørgen Sikkeland, Yang Jin, and Fahri Saatcioglu -- Analysis of hypoxia-induced metabolic preprogramming / Chendong Yang, Lei Jiang, Huafeng Zhang, Larissa A. Shimoda, Ralph J. Bernardinis, and Gregg L. Semenza.
  • To cope with the steadily growing body of knowledge and for organizational reasons the articles in this book are focussed on the modifiers ubiquitin, SUMO1/2/3, NED 8, ISG15 and FAT10 but it should be at least mentioned here that enzymes involved in conjugation and deconjugation of URM1, UFM1, ATG8 and ATG12 have been reported and continue to be investigated.
  • pt. B ScienceDirect
  • History / Franca Buffoni -- Nomenclature and potential functions of copper amine oxidases / Sinéad Boyce ... [et al.] -- Cofactors of amine oxidases : copper ion and its substitution and the 2,4,5-trihydroxylphenylalanine quinone / Shinnichiro Suzuki ... [et al.] -- Copper amine oxidases from plants / Rosaria Medda ... [et al.] -- Soluble copper amine oxidases from mammals / Paola Pietrangeli ... [et al.] -- Membrane-bound copper amine oxidases / Andrew Holt -- Copper amine oxidase genes / Ivo Frébort and Hubert G. Schwelberger -- Mechanism of TPQ biogenesis in prokaryotic copper amine oxidase / Toshihide Okajima and Katsuyuki Tanizawa -- Copper amine oxidase crystal structures / J. Mitchell Guss, Giuseppe Zanotti, and Tiina A. Salminen -- Plasma amine oxidases in various clinical conditions and in apoptosis / Frans Boomsma, Anton H. van den Meiracker, and Antonio Toninello -- Copper amine oxidases in intestinal diseases / Wieslawa Agnieszka Fogel, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska, and Anna Stasiak -- Copper amine oxidases in adipose tissue-related disorders / Christian Carpéné -- Copper amine oxidases in adhesion molecules in renal pathology and in Alzheimer's disease and VAP-1 in leukocyte migration / Peter Boor ... [et al.] -- Inhibitors of copper amine oxidases : past, present, and future / Marek Šebela and Lawrence M. Sayre -- Pharmacological applications of copper amine oxidases / Emanuela Masini and Laura Raimondi -- Copper amine oxidases as antioxidant and cardioprotective agents / Mircea Alexandru Mateescu and Réginald Nadeau -- Biotechnological aspects of copper amine oxidases / Roberto Stevanato -- Concluding remarks / David M. Dooley.
  • Phylogenetic, structural, and functional relationships between WD and kelch repeat proteins / Andrew M. Hudson and Lynn Cooley -- Diversity of WD repeat proteins / Temple F. Smith -- A brief history of the coronin family / Eugenio L. de Hostos -- Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the coronin gene family / Reginald O. Morgan and M. Pilar Fernandez -- Coronin structure and implications / Bernadette McArdle and Andreas Hofmann -- Coronin : the double-edged sword of actin dynamics / Meghal Gandhi and Bruce L. Goode -- Invertebrate coronins / Maria C. Shina and Angelika A. Noegel -- Evolutionary and functional diversity of coronin proteins / Charles Peter Xavier ... [et al.] -- Role of mammalian coronin 7 in the biosynthetic pathway / Vasily Rybaki -- Coronin 1 in innate immunity / Jean Pieters -- The role of mammalian coronins in development and disease / David W. Roadcap, Christoph S. Clemen, and James E. Bear.
  • Current Protocols in Chemical Biology provides validated protocols and overviews about specialized chemical techniques and tools for studies of biology and drug design. These tools include small-molecule design, synthesis, derivatization, handling, and detection as well as advances in laboratory automation, robotics, and medicinal chemistry as applied to high-throughput screening (HTS). Methods for modification of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids for their use as tools in the study of particular biological systems are also included
  • Part I. In vitro protocols for studying expression and activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes and characterisation of their inhibition patterns -- 1. In vitro cyclo-oxygenase expression and activity protocols : introduction to Part I / Roderick J. Flower -- 2. Techniques used to study regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 promoter sites / Hiroyasu Inoue and Rieko Nakata -- 3. Purification of recombinant human COX-1 and COX-2 / James K. Gierse -- 4. Cloning and expression of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 / Nicholas R. Staten and Beverly A. Reitz -- 5. Expression of cyclooxygenase isoforms in the baculovirus expression system / John C. Hunter, Natalie M. Myres, and Daniel L. Simmons -- 6. Peroxidase active site activity assay / Kelsey C. Duggan, Joel Musee, and Lawrence J. Marnett -- 7. Study of inhibitors of the PGH synthases for which potency Is regulated by the redox state of the enzymes / Olivier Boutaud and John A. Oates -- 8. Different methods for testing potential cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors / Stefan Laufer and Sabine Luik -- 9. In vitro cyclooxygenase activity assay in tissue homogenates / Samir S. Ayoub -- 10. Techniques used to characterize the binding of cyclooxygenase Inhibitors to the cyclooxygenase active site / William F. Hood -- 11. In vitro Assays for cyclooxygenase activity and inhibitor characterization / Mark C. Walker and James K. Gierse -- -- Part II. Extraction and measurement of prostanoids and isoprostanes -- 12. Extraction and measurement of prostanoids and isoprostanes : introduction to Part II / Paola Patrignani -- 13. Prostanoid extraction and measurement / Lorenzo Polenzani and Samir S. Ayoub -- 14. Measurement of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a in biological fluids as a measure of lipid peroxidation / Stefania Tacconelli, Marta L. Capone, and Paola Patrignani -- -- Part III. In vivo models to study involvement of cyclooxygenase products in health and disease -- 15. In vivo models to study cyclooxygenase products in health and disease: introduction to Part III / Derek W. Gilroy, Melanie Stables, and Justine Newson -- 16. Protocols to assess the gastrointestinal side effects resulting from inhibition of Cyclo-Oxygenase isoforms / Brendan J.R. Whittle -- 17. Cyclooxygenase enzymes and their products in the carrageenan-induced pleurisy in rats / Adrian R. Moore, Samir S. Ayoub, and Michael P. Seed -- 18. Iloprost-induced nociception : determination of the site of anti-nociceptive action of cyclooxygenase inhibitors and the Involvement of cyclooxygenase products in central mechanisms of nociception / Samir S. Ayoub and Regina M. Botting.
  • The book deals with various clinical aspects of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) which is a potent source for oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is critical for pathogenesis of diseases and CYP2E1 is a major contributor for oxidative stress. Several clinical disorders are associated with changes in regulation of CYP2E1 and the consequent abnormalities which include alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic pancreatitis, carcinogenesis, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, obesity, hepatitis C virus infection, reproductive organ toxicity, hepatocellular and cholestatic liver cirrhosis, inhibition of bone repair, cross-tolerance in smokers and people treated with nicotine, disorders of central nervous system, changes in metabolism of protoxicants in the circulatory system and susceptibility to human papillomavirus infection. Hence, CYP2E1 emerges as a new and potent player in aggravating injury and furthering disease complications.
  • Cytochrome P450 protocols. 2nd ed. 2005
    Springer Protocols
    Cytochrome P450 nomenclature, 2004 / David R. Nelson -- Spectral analyses of cytochromes P450 / John B. Schenkman and Ingela Jansson -- Establishment of functional human cytochrome P450 monooxygenase systems in Escherichia coli / Michael P. Pritchard, Lesley McLaughlin, and Thomas Friedberg -- Purification of cytochromes P450: products of bacterial recombinant expression systems / F. Peter Guengerich and Martha V. Martin -- Expression of recombinant flavin-containing monooxygenases in a baculovirus/insect cell system / Azara Janmohamed ... [et al.] -- Cytochrome P450 reconstitution systems / Hiroshi Yamazaki and Tsutomu Shimada -- Catalytic assays for human cytochrome P450: an introduction / Thomas K.H. Chang and David J. Waxman -- Enzymatic analysis of cDNA-expressed human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP1B1 with 7-ethoxyresorufin as substrate / Thomas K.H. Chang and David J. Waxman -- Spectrofluorometric analysis of CYP2A6-catalyzed coumarin 7-hydroxylation / David J. Waxman and Thomas K.H. Chang -- Determination of CYP2B6 component of 7-ethoxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin O-deethylation activity in human liver microsomes / Thomas K.H. Chang, Charles L. Crespi, and David J. Waxman -- High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of CYP2C8-catalyzed paclitaxel 6[alpha]-hydroxylation / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- Determination of CYP2C0-catalyzed diclofenac 4'-hydroxylation by high-performance liquid chromatography / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- CYP2C19-mediated (S)-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography with radiometric detection / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- CYP2D6-dependent bufuralol 1'-hydroxylation assayed by reverse-phase ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- Spectrophotometric analysis of human CYP2E1-catalyzed p-nitrophenol hydroxylation / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- Thin-layer chromotography analysis of human CYP23A-catalyzed testosterone 6[beta]-hydroxylation / David J. Waxman and Thomas K.H. Chang -- Determination of CYP4A11-catalyzed lauric acid 12-hydroxylation by high-performance liquid chromotography with radiometric detection / Charles L. Crespi, Thomas K.H. Chang, and David J. Waxman -- An isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography assay for CYP7A1-catalyzed cholesterol 7[alpha]-hydroxylation / David Waxman and Thomas K.H. Chang -- Use of 7-ethoxycoumarin to monitor multiple enzymes in the human CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 families / David J. Waxman and Thomas K.H. Chang -- Benzydamine N-oxygenation as a measure of flavin-containing monooxygenase activity / Catherine K. Yeung and Allan E. Rettie -- Prochiral sulfoxidation as a probe for flavin-containing monooxygenases / Catherine K. Yeung and Allan E. Rettie -- Targeting antipeptide antibodies toward cytochrome P450 enzymes / Robert J. Edwards -- The Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Committee web site: submission criteria, procedures, and objectives / Sarah C. Sim and Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg -- Genotyping for cytochrome P450 polymorphisms / Ann K. Daly, Barry P. King, and Julian B.S. Leathart -- Hepatocyte cultures in drug metabolism and toxicological research and testing / Tamara VanHaecke and Vera Rogiers -- Isolation of rat hepatocytes / Peggy Papeleu ... [et al.] -- Rat hepatocyte cultures: conventional monolayer and cocultures with rat liver epithelial cells / Tom Henkens ... [et al.] -- Rat hepatocyte cultures: collagen gel sandwich and immobilization cultures / Mathieu Vinken ... [et al.] -- Hepatocytes in suspension / Greetje Elaut ... [et al.] -- Isolation of rat bone marrow stem cells / Sarah Snykers, Tamara Vanhaecke, and Vera Rogiers -- Transfection of primary cultures of rat hepatocytes / Mina Edwards -- Human hepatocyte culture / Lydiane Pichard ... [et al.] -- Determination of cellular localization of the expression of flavin-containing monooxygenase genes in mouse tissues by in situ hybridization / Azara Janmohamed, Ian R. Phillips, and Elizabeth A. Shephard -- Deletion of genes from the mouse genome using cre/loxP technology / Diana Hernandez ... [et al.] -- Characterization of targeted mouse embryonic stem cell chromosomes: karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization of metaphase spreads / Diana Hernandez, Ian R. Phillips, and Elizabeth A. Shephard -- Microinjection of targeted embryonic stem cells and establishment of knockout mouse lines for fmo genes / Diana Hernandez ... [et al.] -- Use of reporter genes to measure xenobiotic-mediated activation of CYP gene transcription / Nick Plant.
  • This authoritative Fourth Edition summarizes the advances of the past decade concerning the structure, mechanism, and biochemistry of cytochrome P450 enzymes, with sufficient coverage of earlier work to make each chapter a comprehensive review of the field. Thirteen chapters are divided into two detailed volumes, the first covering the fundamentals of cytochrome P450 biochemistry, as well as the microbial, plant, and insect systems, and the second exclusively focusing on mammalian systems. Volume 1 begins with an exploration of the biophysics and mechanistic enzymology of cytochrome P450 enzymes, with a discussion of the structures of P450 enzymes and their electron donor partners, the mechanisms of oxygen activation and substrate oxidation, and the approaches and nature of cytochrome P450 inhibition. Two more chapters discuss the nature and roles of cytochrome P450 enzymes in microbes, plants and insects, and an eighth chapter is a survey of the potential utility of P450 enzymes in biotechnology. The first chapter of Volume 2 examines the roles of P450 enzymes in mammals, mainly humans. Four further chapters then deal with the genetic and hormonal regulation of P450 enzymes and their specific roles in the processing of sterols and lipids. Cytochrome P450: Structure, Mechanism, and Biochemistry is a key resource for scientists, professors, and students interested in fields as diverse as biochemistry, chemistry, biophysics, molecular biology, pharmacology and toxicology.
  • Cytochrome P450. Part C 2002
  • Instruments and methods in proteomics -- In-depth protein characterization by mass spectrometry -- Analysis of phosphoproteomics data -- The origin and early reception of sequence databases -- Laboratory data and sample management for proteomics -- PRIDE and "Database on demand" As valuable tools for computational proteomics -- Analysing proteomics identifications in the context of functional and structural protein annotation: Integrating annotation using PICR, DAS, and BioMart -- Tranche distributed repository and proteomecommons.Org -- Data standardization by the HUPO-PSI: How has the community benefitted? -- mzIdentML: An open community-built standard format for the results of proteomics spectrum identification algorithms -- Spectra, chromatograms, metadata: mzML-the standard data format for mass spectrometer output -- imzML: Imaging mass spectrometry markup language: A common data format for mass spectrometry imaging -- Tandem mass spectrometry spectral libraries and library searching -- Inter-lab proteomics: Data mining in collaborative projects on the basis of the HUPO brain proteome project's pilot studies -- Data management and data integration in the HUPO plasma proteome project -- Statistics in experimental design, preprocessing, and analysis of proteomics data -- The evolution of protein interaction networks -- Cytoscape: Software for visualization and analysis of biological networks -- Text mining for systems modeling -- Identification of alternatively spliced transcripts using a proteomic informatics approach -- Distributions of ion series in ETD and CID spectra: Making a comparison -- Evaluation of peak-picking algorithms for protein mass spectrometry -- OpenMS and TOPP: Open source software for LC-MS data analysis -- LC/MS data processing for label-free quantitative analysis -- Spectral properties of correlation matrices - towards enhanced spectral clustering -- Standards, databases, and modeling tools in systems biology -- Modeling of cellular processes: Methods, data, and requirements.
  • "A comprehensive assessment of biomarkers, this book covers the history and current status of the application of biomarkers in diagnostics and prognostics. It explores the technology used for the study of biomarkers, and the validation of biomarkers including a comparison of the various technologies used to identify and measure biomarkers. The editors emphasize the technology underlying biomarkers and the translation of basic science to clinical laboratory technology, including the commercial development of biomarkers. The book also covers proteomics and proteomic technologies and their applications in the identification of biomarkers"--Provided by publisher.
  • Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry presents the latest information and most reliable guidance on immunohistological diagnoses in surgical pathology. David J. Dabbs, MD and other leading experts bring you state-of-the-art coverage on genomic and theranostic applications, molecular anatomic pathology, immunocytology, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and more. Additional features such as tables discussing antibody specifications, differential diagnosis boxes, ancillary anatomic molecular diagnostics, and full-color histological images ensure user-friendly coverage that makes key information easy to find and apply. The fully searchable text is also available online at, along with a downloadable image bank and access to Path Consult. This concise and complete resource is today's indispensable guide to the effective use of immunohistochemical diagnosis. Discusses diagnostic pitfalls through immunohistologic differential diagnosis wherever appropriate so you can provide the most accurate diagnoses. Presents chapters arranged by organ system for comprehensive coverage of all relevant information in a convenient and intuitive organization. Provides quick reference graphs for antibodies throughout the text that illustrate the frequency of immunostaining for a variety of antibodies in tumors. Includes Key Diagnostic Points boxes in every chapter for a quick summary of text areas that are of particular importance. Features an expert author for each chapter to ensure coverage of the current state of the art.
  • Topic I. Structure and function. Peptide substrates of dipeptidyl peptidases / Inger Brandt ... [et al.] Phosphorus-containing inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes / Angel Stöckel-Maschek ... [et al.] Biochemical properties of recombinant prolyl dipeptidases DPP-IV and DPP8 / Xin Chen. Prediction of dipeptidyl peptidase (DP) 8 structure by homology modelling / Melissa R. Pitman, R. Ian Menz, and Catherine A. Abbott -- Topic II. DPIV-related enzymes. Structure and function in dipeptidyl peptidase IV and related proteins / Mark D. Gorrell ... [et al.] Expression and function of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and related enzymes in cancer / Petr Busek ... [et al.] DP8 and DP9 have extra-enzymatic roles in cell adhesion, migration, and apoptosis / Denise M.T. Yu ... [et al.] In vivo effects of a potent, selective DPPII inhibitor: UAMC00039 is a possible tool for the elucidation of the physiological function of DPPII / Marie-Berthe Maes ... [et al.] Expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV-like enzymes in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells / Sabine Wrenger ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidase 8 has post-proline dipeptidyl aminopeptidase and prolyl endopeptidase activities / Joohong Park ... [et al.] Prolyl endopeptidase cleaves the apoptosis rescue peptide humanin and exhibits and unknown post-cysteine cleavage specificity / Joachim Wolfgang Bär ... [et al.] Distribution of dipeptidyl peptidase IV-like activity enzymes in canine and porcine tissue sections by RT-PCR / Leona Wagner ... [et al.] -- Topic III. Metabolic disorders. Relative contribution of incretins to the glucose lowering effect of DP IV inhibitors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) / Simon A. Hinke, Raymond A. Pederson, and Christopher H.S. McIntosh. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV: a molecular switch of vascular actions of neuropeptide Y / Lijun Li, Hans-Ulrich Demuth, and Zofia Zukowska -- Topic IV. Immune disorders. Dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPIV) and alanyl-aminopeptidases (AAPs) as a new target complex for treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases: proof of concept in a mouse model of colitis / Ute Bank ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidases and inflammatory bowel disease / Catherine A. Abbott ... [et al.] Possible role of DP IV inhibitors in acne therapy / Anja Thielitz ... [et al.] Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV activity and/or structure homologs (DASH): contributing factors in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases? / Eva Balaziova ... [et al.] -- Topic V. Neuronal diseases. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, CD26) and aminopeptidase N (APN, CD13) as regulators of T cell function and targets of immunotherapy in CNS inflammation / Aliza Biton ... [et al.] CD26/DP IV in T cell activation and autoimmunity / Vera Preller ... [et al.] DPIV/CD26 and FAP in cancer: a tale of contradictions / Melanie L. Sulda, Catherine A. Abbott, and Martin Hildebrandt. Type-II transmembrane prolyl dipeptidases and matrix metalloproteinases in membrane vesicles of active endothelial cells / Monica Salamone ... [et al.] Extra-enzymatic roles of DPIV and FAP in cell adhesion and migration on collagen and fibronectin / Xin M. Wang ... [et al.] Role of neuropeptide Y and dipeptidyl peptidase IV in regulation of Ewing's sarcoma growth / Joanna Kitlinska ... [et al.] The role of CD26/DPP IV in preservation of early pulmonary graft function / Florian Johannes Jung ... [et al.].
  • ch. 1. Introduction, p. 1-3 / Kai Johnsson and Susanne Brakmann, p. 1-3 -- ch. 2. Evolutionary Biotechnology - From Ideas and Concepts to Experiments and Computer Simulations / Peter Schuster, p. 5-28 -- ch. 3. Using Evolutionary Strategies to Investigate the Structure and Function of Chorismate Mutases / Donald Hilvert, Sean V. Taylor and Peter Kast, p. 29-62 -- ch. 4. Construction of Environmental Libraries for Functional Screening of Enzyme Activity / Rolf Daniel, p. 63-78 -- ch. 5. Investigation of Phage Display for the Directed Evolution of Enzymes / Patrice Soumillion and Jacques Fastrez, p. 79-110 -- ch. 6. Directed Evolution of Binding Proteins by Cell Surface Display: Analysis of the Screening Process / K. Dane Wittrup, p. 111-126 -- ch. 7. Yeast n-Hybrid Systems for Molecular Evolution / Brian T. Carter, Hening Lin and Virginia W. Cornish, p. 127-158 -- ch. 8. Advanced Screening Strategies for Biocatalyst Discovery / Andreas Schwienhorst, p. 159-175 -- ch. 9. Engineering Protein Evolution / Stefan Lutz and Stephen J. Benkovic, p. 177-213 -- ch. 10. Exploring the Diversity of Heme Enzymes through Directed Evolution / Patrick C. Cirino and Frances H. Arnold, p. 215-243 -- ch. 11. Directed Evolution as a Means to Create Enantioselective Enzymes for Use in Organic Chemistry / Manfred T. Reetz and Karl-Erich Jaeger, p. 245-279 -- ch. 12. Applied Molecular Evolution of Enzymes Involved in Synthesis and Repair of DNA / John F. Davidson, Jon Anderson, Haiwei Guo, Daniel Landis and Lawrence A. Loeb, p. 281-307 -- ch. 13. Evolutionary Generation Versus Rational Design of Restriction Endonucleases with Novel Specificity / Thomas Lanio, Albert Jeltsch and Alfred Pingoud, p. 309-327 -- ch. 14. Evolutionary Generation of Enzymes with Novel Substrate Specificities / Uwe T. Bornscheuer, p. 329-341.
  • Applied enzymology: an overview / Nancy Shanley and Gary Walsh -- Enzyme engineering / Barry M. McGrath -- Tissue plasminogen activator-based thrombolytic agents / Gary Walsh -- Activated protein C / Brian W. Grinnell, S. Betty Yan, and William L. Macias -- Deoxyribonuclease I / Niek N. Sanders, Stefaan C. de Smedt, and Joseph Demeester -- SS-glucocerebrosidase ceredase and cerezyme / Tim Edmunds -- A-galactosidase / Debra Barngrover -- Urate oxidase / Alain Bayol ... [et al.] -- L-asparaginase review of pharmacology, drug resistance, and clinical applications / Christine Mauz-Korholz, Volker Wahn, and Dieter Korholz -- Recombinant factor VIIa / Elisabeth Erhardtsen ... [et al.] -- Factor IX (protease zymogen) / Barry M. McGrath -- The development of aldurazyme (laronidase) / Emil Kakkis -- Additional therapeutic enzymes / Shane O'Connell.
  • DNA methylation : an introduction to the biology and the disease-associated changes of a promising biomarker / Jörg Tost -- Quantification of global DNA methylation by capillary electophoresis and mass spectrometry / Maria Berdasco, Mrio F. Fraga, and Manel Esteller -- Methyl group acceptance assay for the determination of global DNA methylation levels / Kenneth P. Nephew, Curt Balch, and David G. Skalnik -- Immunodetection array / Johannes Pröll ... [et al.] -- Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) / Fabio Mohn ... [et al.] -- The MIRA method for DNA methylation analysis / Tibor A. Rauch and Gerd P. Pfeifer -- The HELP assay / Mayumi Oda and John M. Greally -- Differential methylation hybridization : profiling DNA methylation with a high-density CpG island microarray / Pearlly S. Yan ... [et al.] -- Analysis of DNA methylation by amplification of intermethylated sites (AIMS) / Mireia Jordà ... [et al.] -- Methylation-sensitive representational difference analysis (MS-RDA) / Toshikazu Ushijima and Satoshi Yamashita -- Restriction landmark genomic scanning : analysis of CpG islands in genomes by 2D gel elctrophoresis / Joseph F. Costello ... [et al.] -- GoldenGate assay for DNA methylation profiling / Marina Bibikova and Jian-Bing Fan -- 5'-azacytidine expression arrays / Paul Cairns -- DNA methylation analysis by bisulfite conversion, cloning, and sequencing of individual clones / Yingying Zhang ... [et al.] -- Identification and quantification of differentially methylated loci by the Pyrosequencing technology / Emelyne Dejeux ... [et al.] -- Mass spectrometric analysis of cytosine methylation by base-specific cleavage and primer extension methods / Dirk van den Boom and Mathias Ehrich -- Melting curve assays for DNA methylation analysis / Tomasz K. Wojdacz and Alexander Dobrovic -- Methylatioin SNaPshot : a method for the quantification of site-specific DNA methylation levels / Zachary Kaminsky and Arturas Petronis -- Bio-COBRA : absolute quantification of DNA methylation in electrofluidics chips / Romulo Martin Brena and Christoph Plass -- Restriction digestion and real-time PCR (qAMP) / Christopher C. Oakes ... [et al.] -- MethylQuant : a real-time PCR-based method to quantify DNA methylation at single specific cytosines / Claire Dugast-Darzacq and Thierry Grange -- Methylation-specific PCR / Julien D.F. Licchesi and James G. Herman -- MethyLight / Mihaela Campan ... [et al.] -- Quantification of methylated DNA by HeavyMethyl duplex PCR / Jürgen Distler -- Analysis of methylated circulating DNA in cancer patients' blood / Eiji Sunami ... [et al.] -- Prevention of PCR cross-contamination by UNG treatment of bisulfite-treated DNA / Reimo Tetzner -- Profiling DNA methylation from small amounts of genomic DNA starting material : efficient sodium bisulfite conversion and subsequent whole-genome amplification / Jonathan Mill and Arturas Petronis.
  • Print Material
    This book provides vital information about drug-DNA interactions. Understand the types of structural and bonding information that can be obtained using specific physico-chemical methods and discover how to design new drugs that are more effective than current treatments and have fewer side effects. Find detailed information about X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, molecular modeling, and optical spectroscopy such as UV-Visible absorption, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), flow linear dichroism (FLD), infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy.
  • "ENOX Proteins" documents a unique family of cell surface proteins which are the exclusive discovery (subsequently confirmed by others) of the authors, their students and their colleagues. An ENOX-based mechanism is provided for how cells increase in size that is both unique and applicable not only to cancer and cancer therapy but also to production agriculture and biomass increase. The role of ENOX proteins in biological time-keeping is described along with evidence for oscillations in the ratios of electron spin pairs defining ortho and para water states that form highly coordinated populations of coherent water of interest to physicists as the underlying mechanism. The age-related NADH oxidases that appear around age 30 and increase steadily thereafter with potentially causal involvements in atherogenesis and skin aging have been identified as five members of the TM-9 protein superfamily of all with different chromosomal locations. The arNOX proteins initially are membrane anchored but functionally-active N-terminal fragments that are shed into body fluids. Except for critical functional motifs, all of the ENOX protein family members have distinct protein sequences and chromosomal origins. A fourth member of the ENOX protein family occurs in plants as the primary target for both natural and synthetic growth hormone (auxin)-stimulated rapid cell enlargement. Despite masquerading as intractable and difficult to clone and characterize, ENOX proteins offer remarkable opportunities for research, commercial development and outside confirmation of new paradigms to help explain complex biological processes.
  • Bonus Student Consult access - included with the text - allows readers to conveniently access the book's content online. This concise and user-friendly reference provides crucial knowledge for the early years of medical training, as well as for exam preparation.
  • In biochemistry, a metalloprotein is a generic term for a protein that contains a metal cofactor. The metal may be an isolated ion or may be coordinated with a nonprotein organic compound, such as the porphyrin found in hemoproteins. In some cases, the metal is co-coordinated with a side chain of the protein and an inorganic nonmetallic ion. This kind of protein-metal-nonmetal structure is seen in iron-sulfur clusters Metalloproteins deals with all aspects related to the intracellular and extracellular metal-binding proteins, including their structures, properties and functions. The biological roles of metal cations and metal-binding proteins are endless. They are involved in all crucial cellular activities. Many pathological conditions are related to the problematic metal metabolism. Research in metalloprotein-related topics is therefore rapidly growing, and different aspects of metal-binding proteins progressively enter curricula at Universities and even at the High School level on occasion. However, no key resource providing basic, but comprehensible knowledge on this rapidly expanding field exists. The Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins aims to bridge this gap, and will attempt to cover various aspects of metalloprotein/metalloproteomics and will deal with the different issues related to the intracellular and extracellular metal-binding proteins, including their structures, properties and functions. The goal is to cover exhaustively all catalytically and biologically crucial metal ions and to find at least one interacting protein for other metal ions. The Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins will provide a key resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, instructors, and professors interested in protein science, biochemistry, cell biology, and genetics.
  • Endotoxins: Lipopolysaccharides of Gram-negative bacteria / X. Wang and P.J. Quinn -- Purification and characterization of lipopolysaccharides / X. Wang ... [et al.] -- Endotoxins: Relationship between structure, function, and activity / K. Brandenburg, A.B. Schromm and T. Gutsmann -- The diversity of the core oligosaccharide in lipopolysaccharides / A. Silipo and A. Molinaro -- Salmonella-regulated lipopolysaccharide modifications / S.M. Richards, K.L. Strandberg and J.S. Gunn -- The variation of O antigens in Gram-negative bacteria / L. Wang, Q. Wang and P.R. Reeves -- Regulators of TLR4 signaling by endotoxins / A.F. McGettrick and L.A.J. O'Neill -- Membrane partitioning: Is location everything when it comes to endotoxin recognition? / M. Triantafilou and K. Triantafilou -- Endotoxin detection - from limulus amebocyte lysate to recombinant Factor C / J.L. Ding and B. Ho -- The role of endotoxin in infection: Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni / A.P. Moran -- The role of pseudomonas lipopolysaccharide in cystic fibrosis airway infection / S.M. Moskowitz and R.K. Ernst -- Development of small-molecule endotoxin sequestering agents / S.A. David and D. Sil -- Development of an anti-endotoxin vaccine for sepsis / A.S. Cross -- Synthetic and natural TLR4 agonists as safe and effective vaccine adjuvants / C.B. Fox ... [et al.] -- Targeting endotoxin in the treatment of sepsis / J.-S. Rachoin, C.A. Schorr and R.P. Dellinger -- Lipopolysaccharides in rhizobium-legume symbioses / R.W. Carlson, L.S. Forsberg and E.L. Kannenberg -- Lipopolysaccharides and plant innate immunity / G. Erbs ... [et al.].
  • The generation of zinc finger proteins by modular assembly / Mital S. Bhakta and David J. Segal -- Engineering single Cys2His2 zinc finger domains using a bacterial cell-based two-hybrid selection system / Stacey Thibodeau-Beganny, Morgan L. Maeder, and J. Keith Joung -- Bipartite selection of zinc fingers by phage display for any 9-bp DNA target site / Jia-Ching Shieh -- Structure-based DNA-binding prediction and design / Andreu Alibés, Luis Serrano, and Alejandro D. Nadra -- Generation of cell-permeable artificial zinc finger protein variants / Takashi Sera -- Inhibition of viral transcription using designed zinc finger proteins / Kimberley A. Hoeksema and D. Lorne J. Tyrrell -- Modulation of gene expression using zinc finger-based artificial transcription factors / Sabine Stolzenburg ... [et al.] -- Construction of combinatorial libraries that encode zinc finger-based transcription factors / Seokjoong Kim, Eun Ji Kim, and Jin-Soo Kim -- Silencing of gene expression by targeted DNA methylation : concepts and approaches / Renata Z. Jurkowska and Albert Jeltsch -- Remodeling genomes with artificial transcription factors (ATFs) / Adriana S. Beltran and Pilar Blancafort -- Transgenic mice expressing an artificial zinc finger regulator targeting an endogenous gene / Claudio Passananti ... [et al.] -- Artificial zinc finger nucleases for DNA cloning / Vardit Zeevi, Andriy Tovkach, and Tzvi Tzfira -- In vitro assessment of zinc finger nuclease activity / Toni Cathomen and Cem Șöllü -- Quantification of zinc finger nuclease-associated toxicity / Tatjana I. Cornu and Toni Cathomen -- A rapid and general assay for monitoring endogenous gene modification / Dmitry Y. Guschin ... [et al.] -- Engineered zinc finger proteins for manipulation of the human mitochondrial genome / Michal Minczuk -- High-efficiency gene targeting in Drosophila with zinc finger nucleases / Dana Carroll, Kelly J. Beumer, and Jonathan K. Trautman -- Using zinc finger nucleases for efficient and heritable gene disruption in zebrafish / Jasmine M. McCammon and Sharon L. Amacher -- A transient assay for monitoring zinc finger nuclease activity at endogenous plant gene targets / Justin P. Hoshaw ... [et al.] -- Validation and expression of zinc finger nucleases in plant cells / Andriy Tovkach, Vardit Zeevi, and Tzvi Tzfira -- Non-FokI-based zinc finger nucleases / Miki Imanishi, Shigeru Negi, and Yukio Sugiura -- Designing and testing chimeric zinc finger transposases / Matthew H. Wilson and Alfred L. George -- Seeing genetic and epigenetic information without DNA denaturation using sequence-enabled reassembly (SEER) / Jason R. Porter ... [et al.] -- Zinc finger-mediated live cell imaging in Arabidopsis roots / Beatrice I. Lindhout, Tobias Meckel, and Bert J. van der Zaal -- Biophysical analysis of the interaction of toxic metal ions and oxidants with the zinc finger domain of XPA / Andrea Hartwig, Tanja Schwerdtle, and Wojciech Bal -- Preparation and zinc-binding properties of multi-fingered zinc-sensing domains / John H. Laity and Linda S. Feng -- Using ChIP-seq technology to identify targets of zinc finger transcription factors / Henriette O'Geen, Seth Frietze, and Peggy J. Farnham -- Crystallization of zinc finger proteins bound to DNA / Nancy C. Horton and Chad K. Park -- Beyond DNA : zinc finger domains as RNA-binding modules / Josep Font and Joel P. Mackay.
  • Transformations using enzymes have been extensively investigated in the last two decades and the results promise great potential for this growing field, especially in the area of synthetic organic chemistry mainly due to of its many advantages. Accordingly, this book has attempted to bring out the advantages of using enzymes involving complex underivatized and unprotected substrates in non-polar media under homogenous and heterogeneous reaction conditions. Merits and demerits of using enzymes in terms of yields and selectivity/specificity are presented without any prejudice. Almost all the reactions dealt with are from the author's laboratory comprising diverse substrates, and the catalysis involves two important hydrolyzing enzymes, extensively examined for the reverse reactions. Thus, esterification involving lipses and glycosylation involving glycosidases were investigated with respect to various strategies like optimization of reaction conditions, response surface methodology and kinetics, carrying out reactions under solvent, non-solvent and super critical carbon dioxide conditions. In short, the work presented is to ensure the comprehension of the problems faced by the researchers in this area so as to work out further efficient strategies for carrying out enzymatic transformations in the laboratory successfully with better yields and specificity.
  • Chapter 1. An Introduction to Enzyme Science -- Chapter 2. Active Sites and their Chemical Properties -- Chapter 3. Fundamentals of Chemical Kinetics -- Chapter 4. Practical Aspects of Measuring Initial Rates and Reaction Parameters -- Chapter 5. Initial-Rate Kinetics of One-Substrate Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions -- Chapter 6. Initial-Rate Kinetics of Multi-Substrate Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions -- Chapter 7. Factors Influencing Enzyme Activity -- Chapter 8. Kinetic Behavior of Enzyme Inhibitors -- Chapter 9. Isotopic Probes of Biological Catalysis -- Chapter 10. Probing Fast Enzyme Processes -- Chapter 11. Regulatory Behavior of Enzymes -- Chapter 12. Single-Molecule Enzyme Kinetics -- Chapter 13. Mechanoenzymes: Catalysis, Force Generation and Kinetics.
  • Introduction, p. 1-3 -- ch. 1. Multiple Equilibria, p. 5-50 -- ch. 2. Enzyme Kinetics, p. 51-160 -- ch. 3. Methods, p. 161-246.

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