Lane Medical Library

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Bassett Collection of Stereoscopic Images of Human Anatomy

Dissection of muscles of male perineum and pelvic diaphragm

Superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm

Image #174-5

KEYWORDS: Muscles and tendons.

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Higher resolution images are available for a fee. Contact Drew Bourn, PhD, MLIS.

Dissection of muscles of male perineum and pelvic diaphragm
Superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm
The muscular tissue within the urogenital diaphragm has been removed to bring the thin superior fascia of the diaphragm into view. This fascia is intact on the right side of the dissection and has been cut through on the left where it is seen to be closely related to the inferior fascia of the pelvic diaphragm. It is also continuous with obturator fascia laterally on each side. The medial borders of the levator ani muscles are visible lateral to the prostate gland. Some of the fibers of these muscles converge posteriorly toward the central tendon of the perineum and the wall of the anal canal, whereas other fibers appear to spread out superficially at the sides of the anus. Although fibers of the small rectourethral muscle are not distinctly shown, these pass from the anterior wall of the rectum toward the urethra and are cut across in the central part of the dissection between anus and prostate (17).
1 . Left pointer: Prostate Right pointer: Membranous part of urethra
2 . Prostatic fascia
3 . Superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm (continuous medially as a thin, semitransparent layer across puborectalis part of levator ani muscle)
4 . Puborectalis muscle
5 . Obturator fascia
6 . Obturator internus muscle
7 . Levator ani muscle
8 . Sacrotuberous ligament
9 . Anococcygeal ligament
10 . Coccyx
11 . Dorsal vein of the penis (cut off)
12 . Transverse perineal ligament
13 . Cut margin of superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm (fascia removed medially)
14 . Inferior fascia of pelvic diaphragm (pointer indicates area of fusion with superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm)
15 . Obturator fascia
16 . Ischial tuberosity
17 . Area occupied by fibers of rectourethralis muscle (not clearly defined)
18 . Anus
19 . External anal sphincter muscle